Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown. Page: 320 of 894
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INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXIAS.
M. A. TAYLOR, M. D.,
Dr. M. A. Taylor was born at Columbus, Ohic
November 12, 1830. His father was of Scotch, hi
mother of English, descent.
His grandfather, Matthew Taylor, emigrated t
America before the Revolution (1760) and settle
with his large family near Richmond, Va., an
after the War for Independence purchased larg
land claims from the Virginia soldiers. This lan
had been set apart by act of Congress and certifi
cates issued therefor. He purchased these certifi
cates in quantities and located the land in Ohio
between the Scioto river on the east and the Miam
on the southwest. He removed to this land and
settled on the spot where the flourishing city oi
Chillicothe now stands.
Dr. Taylor's father, also named Matthew, was an
officer in the War of 1811-12 under command of
Gen. Wm. H. Harrison, and was promoted to the
rank of Colonel as a reward for conspicuous gallantry.
Col. Taylor was stationed for a time at
Franklin, on the south side of the Scioto river, the
county seat of Franklin County, Ohio, and during
the winter he and an uncle (John Taylor) and
Lyon Starling, laid off the site where now stands
the city of Columbus, on the east bank of the
Scioto, and here through their efforts and the active
interest and co-operation of State Senator John
McKnight (father-in-law of Col. Taylor) the State
capital was subsequently located.
Dr. Taylor, the subject of this memoir, was the
youngest of a family of five children, three sons
and two daughters. The sons were in the order of
their respective ages: John McKnight, Harvey
Milton and Matthew Addison; the daughters,
Rebecca, who became the wife of Jesse Cherry, and
Elizabeth, who married William Watkins.
Col. Taylor upon retiring from military life engaged
in the peaceful pursuits of milling and
farming. He died December 28, 1832. His widow,
a lady of great force of character and deep piety,
survived him something more than six years, dying
in March, 1839.
Dr. Taylor, thus left an orphan when nine years
of age, went to live with his oldest sister, Mrs.
Rebecca Cherry; remained with her for two years
and then Matthew Taylor (a second cousin of his
father, and uncle by marriage to the lad) having
been appointed guardian, he thereafter lived with
him at his home near Columbus. He had been
D, placed at school during his stay with his sister and
is his guardian also gave him the benefit of school
advantages, entering him as a pupil in the district
o school, where he remained for two years and then
d entered the high school conducted by the celebrated
d instructor, Rev. Mr. Covert, and two years later
e matriculated at the University of Oxford, Ohio,
where he finished his literary education. In 1846,
-at the age of sixteen, he entered the office of his
brother, Dr. Harvey Taylor, and commenced the
,study of medicine and, later, his brother being
i honored by a call to a position on the staff of Gen.
I Winfield Scott, studied under Dr. W. H. Howard,
f professor of surgery at Starling Medical College.
To be a private pupil of Dr. Howard was a distinction
which gave additional stimulus to the
student's ambition and he applied himself to the
acquisition of knowledge with such zeal and interest
that in a short time he was pronounced sufficiently
advanced to enter college, and accordingly,
matriculated at Starling Medical College, and, after
two courses of lectures, was graduated M. D. in
1849, at the age of nineteen years. He had shown
such proficiency in his studies, especially in
applied anatomy, that at the suggestion of his distinguished
preceptor, he was retained some months
as prosector for the chair of surgery and to make
dissections for the demonstrator. He then chose
Logan, the county seat of Hocking County, Ohio,
as a suitable field, and locating there about fifty
miles from Columbus, opened an office and began
the practice of his profession.
December 25th, 1851, Dr. Taylor was united in
marriage to Miss Phoebe Lowe, daughter of Peter
B. Lowe, formerly a prosperous merchant at Bond
Brook, New Jersey.
The young doctor soon established a fine practice;
but, "alas, all things bright and fair must
fade," the worm was already at the heart of the
rose, the fell destroyer had marked his fair young
bride for an early grave, and, seeing the hectic
glow upon her cheek and noting the unmistakable indications
of pulmonary consumption, he determined
to make every effort in human power to save her.
He closed up his business, and having investigated
the claims of many so-called health resorts, determined
to come South in the hope that the genial air
and the sunny skies of far-famed Texas would
restore her to health, and in 1852 reached Galves
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown., book, ; Austin, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/320/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .