Indian wars and pioneers of Texas Page: 329 of 894
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INDIAN WiARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
WILLIAM VON ROSENBERG,
From the days when the immortal Hermann
flicted upon the legions under Varrus' one of 1
first and most crushing defeats ever sustained
the Roman arms, the great Germanic race has be
famous in history for its devotion to the princip
of liberty and self-government. Its blood a
strength of purpose have found expression in t
annals of the composite English-speaking peop
who have encircled the globe with their conques
and promises to direct the future course of hums
progress. Its sons, from the first settlement
America-upon the field of battle, in legislatic
and in all the varied walks of private life
contributed their full share to the prosperity an
glory of the country. They have come to th
United States from all ranks of life in the fathel
land -not only the peasant, dissatisfied with hi
lot; but, men of noble birth, who wished to cas
their fortunes with the people of this country an(
exercise their energies in a wider and freer fielc
than the old world offered them. Of the latte:
class is the subject of this sketch, Mr. William voi
Rosenberg, for many years past a respected anc
influential citizen of Austin, Texas.
The genealogy of the Rosenberg family dates
back to the twelfth century, when in the year A. D.
1150, Vitellus Ursini, of Rome, emigrated to the
German Empire, built the town of Rosenberg in
Bohemia, acquired the name of Ursini von Rosenberg,
and became the founder of the family of that
name. In the early history of Austria for several
centuries members of the family occupied prominent
positions in church and political affairs.
Reichsgraf (Count) Andreas Ursini von Rosenberg,
who lived in the year A. D. 1685, may be mentioned
as closing the fifth century of the family history.
The von Rosenbergs, members of the order of German
Knights, scattered over Germany and the Baltic
coast States. One of them, Wilhelm Dietrich
von Rosenberg, in the year A. D. 1620 became a
member of the Bench of Knights of Courland and
from him. the subject of this sketch is lineally descended,
as shown by the family genealogy preserved
in the archives of the Bench. His father,
Carl von Rosenberg (at the age of sixteen) and his
father's elder brothers, Gustav and Otto, volunteered
in the service of their country in 1813 in the
war against Napoleon I.
His father's youngest brother, Ernest, relinin
quished his commission as Lieutenant in the Prusthe
sian army for political reasons, came to America
by and in October, 1821, landed, together with about
leu fifty-three other adventurers, on the Texas coast.
les The party, known as " Long's Expedition," after
nd having taking possession of La Bahia (Goliad), were
;he taken prisoners by Mexican troops, but were re)le
leased upon the promise that they would peacefully
its settle in the country.
an Ernest von Rosenberg, being a soldier, joined
of the Mexican army and was promoted to the rank
n of Colonel; but, espousing the cause of the ill-fated
ie Iturbite, was shot to death upon the downfall of
id the latter. He was among the first Germans to
ie visit Texas.
About this time, October 14, 1821, William von
is Rosenberg, the subject of this notice, was
it born on his father's estate, known as Eckitten,
d near the town of Memel, in East Prussia. After
i completing the high school course at Memel, he
r engaged as an apprentice to a government suri
veyor. In 1838 he was the private secretary of
I an administrative officer in landed affairs and,
when the latter was transferred to the province of
3 Saxony, went with him to his pew appointment and
remained his private secretary until 1841 and then
entered the army to serve his term as a soldier, and
in 1844 was appointed a Lieutenant in the reserves.
In 1845 he entered the examination for government
surveyor and obtained the unusual qualification
"excellent." After filling a government appointment
for some time, he, in 1846, entered the University
of Architecture in Berlin, and two years
later qualified as royal architect. He was then
employed in supervising the erection of two government
school buildings in Berlin, upon the completion
of which he found himself, in June, 1849,
proscribed as a Democrat and unable thereafter to
secure any further employment under the Prussian
government, which had assumed reactionary tendencies
in the direction of despotism. Owing to his
outspoken Democracy he was advised by the
major commanding the reserve battalion in which
he served, that, if he would apply therefor,
he would receive an honorable discharge from
the army; meaning, of course, that otherwise
he would be dismissed without such discharge.
At this time he was twenty-eight years old with
a prospect before him that whatever he might en
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/329/: accessed May 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .