Indian wars and pioneers of Texas Page: 337 of 894
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INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
family, his wife having died in the old country.
His next move was to make a two weeks' prospecting
trip through Texas, rent a piece of land near
Round Top, in Fayette County, and return for his
family. He found his sons had not been idle during
his absence but on the contrary had gone to
work, having secured employment on the streets of
Houston, where they were at work with pick and
shovel at $1.00 per day, payable in city scrip.
Mr. Groos made his first crop in Fayette County in
1849. He bought a tract of land of two hundred
and ten acres lying in the corner of Fayette
County the following year and there established a
permanent abode, where he resided until 1865,
when he removed to San Antonio and a little later
to New Braunfels, at which latter place he died in
1882, at the advanced age of eighty-eight years.
At his death the four sons and four daughters, who
accompanied him to Texas, were all living and had
married. He had living at that time forty-five
grandchildren. Others have since been added to
the number and a score or more have attained their
majority. Some of them are heads of families and
all of them maintain a good standing as citizens in
the communities in which they live. The eldest of
the name now living is Mr. F. Groos, the banker
of San Antonio, who was also the eldest of the four
sons and four daughters who came over in 1848.
Robert Justus Kleberg (christened Johnun
Christian Justus Robert Kleberg), was born on the
10th day of September, A. D. 1803, in Herstelle,
Westphalia, in the former Kingdom of Prussia.
His parents were Lucas Kleberg, a prominent and
successful merchant, and Veronica Kleberg (nee
Meier) a lady of fine culture, sweet temper and
good sense. They moved from Herstelle to Beverungen
in Westphalia, where they were quite prosperous
for a time. Besides Robert they had the
following children: Ernest, Louis, Joseph and
Banise. For a number of years Robert's parents,
living in affluent circumstances, were permitted to
give their children good educational advantages,
but unhappily misfortune and death deprived the
children at an early age of kind parental protection,
and the subject of this sketch was thrown upon
his own resources, which consisted chiefly of a
healthy mind and body, a strong will and unsullied
name. At an early age he entered the Gymnasium
of Holzminden, where after a five years' course in
the classics he completed his studies with high
honors, Choosing the law as his profession he now
entered the University of Goettingen, and in two
years and a half received his diploma as doctor
juris. Soon after he was appointed as one of the
justices of the assizes of Nirhiem, where he remained
one year, after which he was promoted to
various judicial positions, in which be prepared
himself for the practice of his profession, and in
which he served with credit and distinction.
In 1834 when he was about ready to enter upon
a distinguished judicial career, he concluded to
emigrate to the United States. His reason for this
sudden and important change in his life can best be
found in his own language, which is taken from a
memorandum of his own writing:"
I wished to live under a Republican form of
government, with unbounded personal, religious
and political liberty, free from the petty tyrannies,
the many disadvantages and evils of old countries.
Prussia, my former home, smarted at the time
under a military despotism. I was (and have
ever remained) an enthusiastic lover of republican
institutions, and I expected to find in Texas, above
all other countries, the blessed land of my most
Texas was yet partially unexplored, but the
reports that reached the old country were of the
most extravagant and romantic nature, and were
well calculated to enthuse the impulsive and
courageous spirit of the young referendary. The
ardor of his desires to emigrate was heightened
by a.letter written by a Mr. Ernst, a German from
the Duchy of Oldenburg, who had emigrated to
Texas a few years previous, and who at that time
resided in what is now known as Industry, Austin
County, Texas. This letter recited the advantages
of Texas in the most glowing colors, comparing its
climate to the sunny skies of Italy; it lauded the
fertility of the soil and spoke of the perennial flora
of the prairies of Texas, etc. About this time,
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/337/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .