Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas Page: 361 of 894
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INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
soldiers are relieved from all necessity for taking
stock in the sordid affairs of life and, like gentlemen,
stand ready, with clean hands and brave
hearts and willing swords, to respond to the call of
danger and defend our country if need be with our
lives. Our profession elevates and ennobles and this
can scarcely be said of any other."
The physician saysi " The soldier is only needed
in time of war, and is an expense instead of an
advantage in time of peace, and his presence is
justified solely by the fact that it is necessary for
the rest of the community to support him in order
to avoid the danger of foreign aggression. The
profession of medicine is the greatest of all professions.
Men may get along without any thing else,
but they are obliged to have doctors." So with
the lawyer, so with the merchant and so with
the members of nearly every other avocation;
but, the truth of the matter is, that each
and all are needed to develop and sustain
our complex and many-sided civilization.
It is difficult to institute comparisons and determine
the relative value of any calling or pursuit.
There is nothing more certain, however,
than that the commercial importance of a country
depends upon the ability and enterprise displayed
by its merchants and that no nation can amount to
much or take high rank without possessing such
merchants. Ancient Tyre and Sidon owed their
opulence and power to them and not to their fleets
and armies. The same may be said of Carthage,
of Venice, and of modern England, and, in a large
measure, of our own country. It requires more
capacity and more labor to successfully manage a
large establishment like that of Sanger Bros., at
Dallas, than to be Governor of Texas. The commercial
world is a free Republic in which no man
can expect special favors and in which every man
must rise or fall according to his merits. He who
enters it is compelled to meet the most skillful
opponents, and contend against men of wonderful
nerve, energy and brain. He must be constantly
upon the qui vive. He must possess not only executive
ability of a high order, but capacity for the
minutest details and the hardest work. The subject
of this notice stands pre-eminent in Texas as a
financier and merchant. He was born in Bavaria,
Germany, September 11, 1841. His parents were
Elias and Babetta Sanger, who came to America
and settled in Cincinnati, Ohio, from which place
they moved to New York City, where they spent
their remaining years. His father died in 1877,
his mother in 1886. Both are buried in New York.
They had ten children, seven sons and three
daughters, of whom Isaac, senior partner of the
firm of Sanger Bros., resides in New York; Lehman
resides in Waco, engaged in the real estate
business; Philip and Alexander are heads of the
Dallas branch of Sanger Bros. business; Samuel is
a member of the firm of Sanger Bros. and lives at
Waco; Sophia, resides at Waco, her husband,
L. Emanuel, in the employ of Sanger Bros.;
Eda, wife of Jacob Newburger, resides in New
York (Mr. Newburger is one of the Eastern buyers
for the firm of Sanger Bros.); Bertha, widow
of Joseph Lehman, resides in New York; and Jacob
and David died of yellow fever at Bryan, Texas,
in 1867, aged, respectively, twenty and seventeen
years. After his arrival from Germany Mr. Philip
Sanger remained in New York City for eighteen
months, during which time he clerked for board and
washing and $2.50 per month. He left New York
in 1858 and went to Savannah, Ga., where he
obtained employment in a clothing store where he
received $10.00 per month for his services. At the
end of a year he was sent to the interior, where
he clerked for his employer and made collections
until the beginning of the war between the
States, Mr. Heller having gone North and left him
to settle up that part of the business. Mr. Sanger's
sympathies were with the Southern States
and he responded to the call to arms by entering
the Confederate army as a soldier in Company
G., Thirty-second Georgia, commanded by Col.
George P. Harrison, Jr. A few years since the
writer met a friend of Mr. Sanger's at Weatherford,
Texas, who said: "I served in the army
with Philip Sanger and I never knew a braver or
better soldier." Besides other engagements, Mr.
Sanger participated in that incident to the bombardment
of Morris' Island, 'S. C., and the
battles of Ocean Pond, Fla., and Bentonville,
N. C., his term of service extended over three
years and eight months. He was slightly wounded
at Ocean Pond. Coming out of the war utterly
penniless and the South being prostrated by the results
of the conflict, he went to Cincinnati, where he
clerked in a notion store for eight months. He
then joined his brothers, Isaac and Lehman, who
had established themselves in business at Millican,
Texas, where they remained until 1867, then
moved to Bryan, then the terminus of the Texas
Central Railway. In 1869 the firm followed the
terminus to Calvert and did business there a year,
after which they moved to Kosse; stayed there six
months; moved to Grosbeck in the spring of 1871;
in the fall of that year changed their base of
operations to Corsicana, and in 1872 established
themselves in Dallas, doing the leading business in
all of the towns mentioned and at Dallas laying broad
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Brown, John Henry. Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/361/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .