Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown. Page: 379 of 894
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INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.
ANDREW JACKSON HARRIS,
Judge A. J. Harris, a distinguished member of
the Texas bar and for many years a prominent
figure in political and professional life in this State,
was born in Talbot County, Ga., January 27, 1839,
and grew to manhood on his father's farm. His
parents were Thomas and Lydia Jones Harris,
members of Georgia families for many generations
distinguished in the history of the country. His
paternal great-grandfather, Richard Harris, served
as a soldier in the Revolutionary War of 1776 that
resulted in the American colonies throwing off the
yoke of British tyranny, and the establishment of
the United States of America, a monument to the
patriotism, valor and wisdom of the people of that
day which has no parallel in all the annals of
the human race. His maternal grandfather, Judge
James L. Burke, took part in the battle of the
Horse Shoe and fought through the War of 1812.
His father, Thomas Harris, was born near
Milledgeville in Georgia, September 15th, 1812,
was a farmer by occupation and died August 26,
1894, aged 82 years, in Comanche County, Texas,
where he then resided.
His mother, Mrs. Lydia Harris, was born in
Jasper County, Ga., January 28, 1816. Her
father moved to Talbot County, Ga., when she was
a girl, and there she grew to womanhood, married
in 1835 and remained until 1845, when she moved
to Scott County, Miss., with her husband, where
she died in May, 1861, leaving nine children.
Judge A. J. Harris was six years of age when his
parents removed to Mississippi. He resided there
until after the close of the war. He graduated
from the University of Mississippi in 1861, with high
honors, and on returning home raised a company
for service in the Confederate army and was elected
Captain. Itwas mustered into service as Company
I, Twenty-seventh Mississippi Regiment of Infantry,
and did duty at Pensacola and Mobile, and in Tenessee
and Kentucky. He participated with his command
in several skirmishes and minor engagements
and took part in the great battle of Murfreesboro,
in all of ,which he bore himself with the coolness
and. gallantry that became an officer of one of the
grandest armies that ever marched forth to battle
for the rights and liberties of a people. On account
of physical disabilities he resigned his commission
in 1863; but subsequently, upon restoration to
health, rejoined the army, attaching himself as an
independent volunteer to the Fourth Mississippi
Cavalry and remained with it through the fall
and winter of 1863-64. From the spring of 1864
until August of that year, he was not connected.
with the army, but, in August, Gen. Clark, then Governor
of Mississippi, issued a proclamation calling
on all who could bear arms even for thirty days to
go to North Mississippi and join the army under
Gen. Forrest, to meet the invading Northern army
of Gen. A. J. Smith. Responding to this call, Judge
Harris joined Duff's Regiment and served about
three months. He joined the regiment the next
day after he reached Forrest and marched with it
to Hurricane creek, north of Oxford, and remained
there night and day for several days under a constant
downpour of rain. The Confederate troops were
then driven back south of Oxford and went into
camp on Yocony creek. The next day the Federals
burned Oxford and retreated with the Southern
army hanging upon their flank. The Confederates
overtook their rear guard at Abbeville and had a
slight brush with them which ended the campaign.
Judge Harris came to Waco, Texas, January 1st,
1865, and taught one month in the Waco University.
He then went to Salado and taught in the
college at that place from February, 1865, until
July, 1867, after which he removed to Belton and
entered upon the practice of law, but was persuaded
by the people to open a school, which he taught
for two years. In 1869 he returned to the practice
of law; but, in 1870, a vacancy occurring in the
faculty of the school at Salado, the people of that
place called upon him to fill it, promising to secure
another teacher to take his place, which they failed
to do, and he remained there one year, much against
his will. This service marked the close of his
career as a school-teacher. Returning to Belton,
he entered vigorously upon the practice of his
profession, in which he has since continued.
He was elected County Superintendent of public
free schools in 1873, and filled the office until the
adoption of the constitution of 1875, which dispensed
with county superintendents. He was
elected without opposition and without being a candidate.
In 1880 he was elected to the State Senate
and was elected for a second term in 1882, serving
with marked distinction in the sessions of the Seventeenth
and Eighteenth Legislatures. In 1877 he
formed a copartnership with X. B. Saunders, under
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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas / by John Henry Brown., book, ; Austin, Tex.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth6725/m1/379/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .