Indian wars and pioneers of Texas Page: 82 of 894



Peters, E. Rector, Milton Bradford, Warren Hastings,
T. W. Lightfoot, G. W. Pentecost, Eli Foreman,
A. G. Parker, Daniel Bradley, Geo. W.
Hensel, Benj. P. Kuyger, John D. Thompson,
Joseph H. Slack, Thomas Bradford-32 and one
omitted-say 33. Left in charge of the fort,
Joseph S. Marsh and F. G. Woordward -2. Absent
(as before stated, including the man in the
fight not remembered), James Irvine, First Lieutenant.
Privates: Bela Vickery, Wm. Blair, Second
Corporal, George Allen, Wm. Ayres, Joshua 0.
Blair, Lewis L. Hunter, W. Hickson, Neil McCrarey,
J. D. Marshall, James Martin, J. V.
Stoddard, Henry Verm, Joseph H. Barnard,
Stephen Goodman, M. J. Hannon, C. Beisner,
Jackson E. Burdick, James M. Moreton, Joseph
McGuines, Wm. J. Hodge, Charles Waller, L. M.
H. Washington, John Atkinson, Joshua 0. Blair25.
Those in the fight were: William H. Weaver,
First Sergeant; Samuel A. Blain, Second Corporal;
Privates: Thomas Gay, Charles M. Gevin, W. W.
Hanman, Robert Mills, Thomas S. iMenefee, H. A.
Powers, James M. Robinett, John Romann, William

Winkler, Thos. Robinett
12. Those left at Fort
Milam were: Wm. G. Evans, First Lieutenant;
J. 0. Butler, Second Sergeant; Thos. Brown,
First Corporal; A. Bettinger, Musician; Privates:
Charles Ball, Littleton Brown, Grafton H. Boatler,
D. W. Collins, Joseph Flippen, Abner Frost, James
Hickey, Hezekiah Joner, John Kirk, Laben Menefee,
Jarrett Menefee, Thomas J. Miller, Frederick
Pool, Washington Rhodes, Jarrett Ridgway, John
St. Clair, John Weston, Thomas A. Menefee
Joseph Mayor crippled and left in Houston
company, 35.
Bird's men in the battle......................... 33
Evans' " ......................... 12
Bird's men not in the fight ...................... 26
Evans'" " " ...................... 22


Aggregate force of both commands..........

The classification of the names was made by one
of those in the battle, from memory. It may possibly
be slightly incorrect in that particular; but
the rolls of each company as mustered in are

Ben McCulloch's Peach Creek Fight in 1839.

Among the survivors of that day, it is remembered
as a fact and by those of a later day, as a
tradition, that in February, 1839, there fell throughout
South and Southwest Texas, the most destructive
sleet ever known in the country. Great trees
were bereft of limbs and tops by the immense
weight of ice, and bottoms, previously open and
free of underbrush, were simply choked to impassability
by fallen timber. The cold period continued
for ten or twelve days, while ice and snow, shielded
from the sun, lay upon the ground for a much
longer period. This occurred in the latter half of
February, 1839, in the same year but several
months before Austin, or rather the land upon
which it stands, was selected as the future seat of
At that time Ben McCulloch, who had entered
Texas just in time to command a gun at San
Jacinto, was a young man in his twenty-eighth year
residing at Gonzales, having been joined by his
brother, Henry E., his junior by several years,

during the preceding year. At the same time the
Toncahua tribe of Indians were encamped at the
junction of Peach and Sandy creeks, about fifteen
miles northeast of Gonzales.
Just prior to this great sleet Ben McCulloch had
made an agreement with a portion of the Toncahuas
to join him and such white men as he could secure
in a winter expedition against the hostile Indians
above. The sleet postponed the enterprise and,
when the weather partially resumed its usual
temperature, it was difficult to enlist either whites
or Indians in the contemplated enterprise. Both
dreaded a recurrence of the storm. But following
Moore's San Saba trip and in hope of recovering
Matilda Lockhart and the Putman children, McCulloch
deemed that an auspicious time to make
such a trip, and about the first of March left the
Toncahua village for the mountains. The party
consisted of five white men
Ben McCulloch, Wilson
Randall, John D. Wolfin, David Henson and
Henry E. McCulloch
and thirty-five Toncahua

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Brown, John Henry. Indian wars and pioneers of Texas, book, 1880~; Austin, Texas. ( accessed February 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; .