Borger Daily Herald (Borger, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 48, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 18, 1945 Page: 2 of 6
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d itoria Is
THE I50RGER DAILY HERALD
Whal Mr. Byrnes Objects To
Published at 205 North Main Street,
except Saturday, and on Sunday me
Company, Inc.,’ Publnslu-is.
i C. Phillip*...................
tvne Year_______ ________________
i’hrre Months _________
Mr-nth (5 Weeks)—______
Lj '.< ifd as sivund-elasr m er November 23, I'Cfl, at the Post
OP e at Border, Texas, jjr. der tr.e Act ol March t), lay?.
1 he A: ociated Press is excite -f ly etititlcd to the use of republl-
'■htion of all news dispatches rrett.ted to it or not otherwise.
.‘it, Texas, every evening
hy I’ui.l auole Publishing
Editor *nd Manager:
FAR awaY To
/ jge Two
Thursday, January 18. 1945
KEEP AMERICA STRONG
=JANUARY 14-31 =
^r?V WAY OUR PEOPLE *
* pJr~^ —LIVED
N 1 T.
: ■ ?>X‘
]■14 a time it seemed that the end of this war would usher
i”. a .“era which some already were cabin; the Aj'e of Plastics
■ i Synthetics. By anti larj;o it promised to be an era.
itiit - v, ith light, durable, inexpensive comforts and conven-
yes achieved through wonderful new feats ol alchemy.
I. en before the era arrived we could imagine archaeolo-
:,i- of some distant millennium beginnin:1 a new subdivision
Cl man’s history about 1950. (They’d probably call it The Age
o' Plastics and Sj'ntJietics too.) They would consider the date
i‘ cant as marking man .: abandonment of the quaint old
notion that the edible fruits of the field were useful onlv as
1' was then, those distant archaeologists would say, that
i : emi-primitive 20th century ancestor found that the grain
v. ; ■ lie cround and baked to ease his hunger, or distilled to
“ “ ■ troubles could be combined with oil to make tires for
land journeys; arid that the humble bean he fed to Ins'
“ ‘Is and occasionally to himself could be cooked and press-
; nd molded into vehicles and other useful objects.
it seems now that such a chapter in man’s history may
“ “ be written: For our inventors, though full of wisdom
ingenuity, had overlooked one thing. They forgot that
race of man shares this earth with some old and highly
X'cted inhabitants who still maintain the uncomplicated
“Pa that something to eat is something to cat. Period.
.-.ad thus, net ore the Age of Plastics and Synthetics is even
eg -n us, we read that in one place dogs have eaten the soy-
o ui license plates off an automobile, and that in another
bear have devoured a set of synthetic rubber tires with
Not many years ago a man traveling Siberia in a troika ran
- chance of having both his horses and himself ^consumed
by avenotfs wold s\ Today the horses and ;leds are disap-
pearing. Modern civilisation is moving in on those frozen
..Put at the rate things are going, it will only be a question
<-■: ii-ne before the Siberian motorist starts dreading the
thought of having wolves spring upon his running board and
/ to work on his soybean tonneau, dashboard and steering
wf.eel, sparing him only long enough to make sure that tliev
ha .' nad their quota of plastic proteins.
Perhaps discouragement is premature. But as of today it!
look - as if the Age of Plastics and Synthetics had struck anj
-dan tbioKS lie has di'Covered something to make;
human existence more attractively human. The animal king- j
dom stubbornly persists in believing that man has simple |
whipped up a few new-recipes.
I - i the time being. \ye shall forego both plastics and judg-
ment. But we shall watch developments with what we hope!
can remain a detached interest.
1945 INCOME TAX PRIMER
Deductions Permissible for Income Tax Purposes
.T. &S£ . .S.f.t .1.9.........................................
Allow*Ur Cont/ikutioru (nut in ruru ot IS perernt cf Arm S. p$#r 1) ..
ju’^aLc.Li.'V.l. .Lr.uat.. )...................
r..J.'..: ..................... i .....-t.
.C. i. tg,-.. .cud..—t.c.t .0. .cEiic.... .txucejj..
jCr £i-s-txc .tlon......................
.2 4. 2Z.
Total T»*« ..... ..............................
Loc*e« from fire,
T crr.j..xxT..-y.: :x ;*j...........
vlorm, iliipv*TOck, or
other ctiudty, or
Tct«! Allowtblr Lmui (nr,t rorr.prn*tfed by insuranfe or otberwur)____
4 '«.$ 00
Mediril ,n<i dental
lirablr bond p:rni::n.
spreial dedtKlioa lot
lie bt/id, rtt.)
----- ------“-- . r---.V.i-V.____...................
: ' ’■ - Aj ' T.!.Li..:.".L!.l_£.?.<
: irurp r-nn rr-c lc ines
F.xprrae* (not compenMted by injur»nee or otherwjje).......
Allowable MeWical *»vJ DenUi Lfpemn. See tnafruction for limiution
Total Mucdlukf.'ji Ueductictii ... ................... .. ..
Ccp»fH)ht ( t Dutton & Co . ) V44
When New York Was
|N 1750 the home of Maj. Daniel
Laurence, a sturdy house of
Hutch pattern, stood on William
Street, near the corner of Wall.
New York was quiet a coun-
try town in those day . There
v.ere shade tree-—locust or pop-
lar—on all the street : during
the s ummer night the air v. a full
of the chirping of katydids, and
the inhabitants were awakened in
1he morning by the piping of
Behind the Lawrence house, and
belonging to it, there wa a gar-
den, an orchard of pear trees, o
stable and a press for making
cider. A dovecote and a dozer
beehives were just beyond the
garden. It was a quiet place, with I
nothing to break the silence but
the loud talk of the servant in
the kitchen and the clatter ol ,
plates. Now and ttien Metre-
Lawrence or her daughter Kli/.a-
beth played the spinet in Iho sit-
ting room and its tinkling notes
ran quivering through the air.
The family had a part in the
social life of the town, and occa-
sionally the house was full of com-
pany. Then the chatter < I soft
feminine voices and loud mascu-
line laughter ran all over tin
house and garden.
Though it stood almo.-t in the j
center of the city of New Y rk i
the Lawrence place had a rural 1
air which flowed from the day . I
activities. Every day the i-ov. !
were driven through the i1n t
to a common pasture which w.i a
short distance west ol Broadway,
and were milked on their return
in the late afternoon. There w. j
always work to be done in the
gardens, the stables and the ot- . mg i
chard, fruit and vegetable' to be j teetural ii li
gathered, horses to be curried,
pigs and chickens to be fed, and
the ground cleared of weeds.
Like all other streets in this
colonial town, William Street \va.-
simply a muddy or dusty road-
depending on the state of i.
weather—and there were n side-
walks, nor was there street-
cleaning department in t!i< •
administration. But every Ft.-
day the year rouut. the streets
had to be cleaned by the hou
holders and the refuse in vn
int- the river. Each resident
cleaned only that part of the
street which lay in front • ' hi
The street lighting was • no b;.
the citizens. One householder i i
every seven hung out a lanten
befor his reside- ee. and six <1 I
his nearest neighbors shared v “i
him the • xpense of keeping the
Diktributf d b, NtA SciviCS. Il»l.
(T/je Bctttnann ArchiveI
Most of th c .. tv,ise vessels, carrying passengers
between New Eivl.tr.d .md the s-.-uthem ports, put into
Colonial New York. (Chapter VI.)
HE Law i
| father had
I the Major 1
It was a
: a barn
bricks used .' bu
various colors, i
brown, olue ..nd
curiou: iesign .
brick ■ a the ->
i lig[litr, -
lone of 1
1 right o t
I the front
I porch c
l )il v. .
i room, lib/
- : ; vc nd floor. there were six
• i: a: ulld i ver them V u nil
■ it a .■ , i. . .d ,.:Ih. ,i:,ol by the servants. There
a cellat lor storage of
• ‘ H applies Just behind
. u : n. v. itn a door opening
Hie «oodshed- -a dark,
indo-, , m i roomy place in which a whole
. ■ > k : i: it a inter’s supply of wood for heai-
i ;.d : d cooking might be kept.
- ol ( "i l .<■ roof there was n cupola
i yellow, a , rt ii covered balcony which
- 1 ; could 1. ached by the stairs, in
r'ii-r -lionth: the family
pm . u- in .“ the roof balcony in
:h after.mon. ’tom it tl : East
l f.. '.ion, diver could v- .een, and this
; heights ol Jrooklyn.
There w»r ‘ course, no run-
t ing u lilets or bathooms,
: for eh cmr. enicnees did not
! xist m - iddle of the 18th
entury. V. <-r drinking and
j: .-bin • wa brought to the
i merer :e house casks by
on actor who made monthly
l ina ge fu, tins erv. -c. Many Man-
ttan mtiies iiad wells n their
i ... tin ' e we none on
ti ,awreuco law. for when they
-a down Jf iet the well
’ ' 1 o e a .- )- .1 „,tr ek olid rock in-
looms. :,., hi;. rung ' stead of water.
- Tu Be Continued)
TOTAL DEDUCTIONS. ..
>1 I 09 •
Here are the Does' deductions, on Page 4 of Form 1040. All except the Miscellaneous item are dis>
cussed in today's article. That will be taken up imorrev/.
Here is the eighth of 10 authori-
tative, easy-to-follow artic le: tell-
ing the wa^e-earuing taxpay; r
how to prepare his tax return.
Readers should clip and sav e each
installment of the sc*rice.
t ra i r
; or per-
; i or.
e i ■; i
OLD-TIME PRICE CEILING
!■ was rather surprising and most encouraging to learn that
i” :| recent poll of ai.tomobile owners, 76 per cent of those
questioned .said they would not buy a new car if postwar!
prices were 25 or 3frper cent above the peacetime level.
.After repeated predictions by economists and others, a lot j
of us had taken it lor granted that the release of wartime sav-!
ings would start a buying spree that would exceed healthy;
hounds and mq^ price toptrol necessarv for a long time after
the fighting had stopped.
Maybe those controls will still be necessarv. In the auto-
mobile field, for example, the controls should exceed the sup-
ply for some time to come. And vet, if this poll is repre-
sentative, it appears that already the average citizen is con-
scious that this wartiftj? monetary honevrnoon won’t last for-'
ever, and is beginninj^lo feel the twinges of thriftiness.
Anyway, its good to near again that oio price-ceiling order i audios, r/frlgerator.-c furniture,
t-hat went like, tius: -'UIiL.be dog-goned if I'll pay it. It's the 1 1 ’•Then such thing/ an avail
sort of order that businessmen have a way of complying with. ;abK'l; interest on mortgages on
-..........-.........-.......—__________ i taxes you were slow in rnoetin^.
A partial solution of the veterans postwar employment 1,1 ‘«-t.ao<tion with m. -. .Umont
problem might bi- Jo let the soldier star right on at'Mont- it(rns yoj d0f1uct o;ilv 1
. p/i/onal property and poll
is: state income tuxes.
ole these carefully, because
BY 5. BUTTON HEATH
NBA Staff Writer
For income tax pur
are entitl’d lo deduct
tereist that you paid li
lor any reason, bustnei
sons 1, Strictly busines:
goes into lh? business
which I run ignoring in
tides. All interests paid
who r.re not in business comes
out on page .'! of Form 1040.
Con.mon items include inferos1
paid oil notes, personal loans, Ac-
red payment purchases, car.-.
By using rare judgement 1945 got here
come by train!
on time. It didn't
actual interest clement, and not
ary service charge, insurance or
other fee. If interest, taxes, omor-
lir.atim and insurance all enter
•i.lo intuiti ! payments on a rnort-
Can’t you just imagine how hard the heavy snowfall hit
the kids in towns where schools were forced to close?
An advance tip for women: Trees are beautiful, vet they'll
be wearing the same old styles come spring.
The famous old bankroll that would choke a horse is now
Leing used to have a frozen car towed home.
Too many people are satisfied to have the war over there
instead of over’ Buy more War Bonds!
pa^e chi tLiter e
it) the next y:c.ip. In
Lit do n<
duct the other two it
an.-, at ,
A: I said in an t
the lax rituation is
muddled now thou
gi ess simplified the
Peace of mind is often destroyed by
It i: nut even osten ibly iu.ical
a: it used to be Ti c. iuliou two
lists: the fust, of taxes vi. ; ran
deduct, the second ol' pm s you
■ c; ri not deduct. It you s xs ;n doubt
a piece of somebody | about others, I suggest tfrat
| check with your collector’s
I ficc. ____
deductible until the.
You cannot deduct federal
: .on taxes on theatre tick-
abaret tax, and tiro like; fed-
t \ x on club dues, on tele-
- and telegraph messages, on
bus, plnne and other trans-
port ti'-kc..., on gasoline, liq-
( cites and tobacco; led-
i-ur.n.m. duties, even though
irn)n-rts were for personal
f.deral income tax; any es-
inhci itance, legacy, succes-
sion or itiit lax. any federal stamp
, tax; social security taxes deduet-
! ed in n your pay; as:-sssments
'lowed by io;rtmunitic/ to finance
j local improvements: the federal
■ use stamp tax mi automobiles, dog.
huntinu and fashing license fees:
j wider "tax-.r."
T he tax on safe deposit box .
: rental, formerly deductible, no
j longe; can be taken as such. 1
But now- you can deduct as a non- 1
i bu: in expense, in the miscel- j
! .neons group behi.v, the entire
' rental charge for the box, includ- !
! mg ti e tax.
The xt it wn covers deduction
of actual out of-pocket losses
through fire, storm, theft and
burglary, accident, shipwreck, etc.
In continuing such Josses you must
.abtiect uni salvage value and
any 1:1 prance you may have col-
You must be prepared to prove
ul. .. and in claiming (hem
must give reasonable details. Po-
lice and fire department records
will help in some instances to
prove what happened, but you
lould not charge more for the
other special fees; for medicines. I
j dressings, ambulance use, false i
j limbs: artificie teeth, eye glasses,:
1 hearing aids; for nurses’ board, j
i if you jaid it, and for travel es- I
sential to obtaining medical care.
Include your tax, family and de-
pendents. From the total of these
i items subtract anything reimburs- ;
ed by insurance. Enter the re-
mainder on the line “Net Ex pons- j
Now take 5 per cent of the in- !
'come shown in Item 5, page i.i
and enfe. it on the line provided. ,
Subti,-nt (hi: from your net **x-
I lier.scs to get the allowable modi- .
; cal d duct ion.
If net expenses were greater j
than 5 percent of income, the ex-
- up to SI250 fur a single per-
son without dependents or $2500
for a tax family of two or more
' in i entered in the right hand
colum-i as a deduction. If net
:pence s were less than the 5 per- i
cvnt, forget the whole matter.
This formula differs from last I
year's so it will be wise to follow- i
instructions carefully, and not!]
trust to memory or intuition.
' losses than you believe you can
j prove if challenged.
On page 3 you can deduct auto- j Medical Expenses
mobile registration aflH driving li- j Deductible medical expenses are
I cense tees; city fees, licenses, per j limited at both ends. To see
iir.it.' and privilege taxes (most, but whether you can benefit, first list
n d all of which affect only bust- ! in the space provided on page 3,
; ness;s'; state excise taxes on ar- |or on a separate sheet to be filed
j tides brought into this county for j with Form 10-50, exactly what you
Indiana town and no one was hurt. A perfect place for a close 8UrRi'
, 1 1 “to sales i.'Xc:. state gasoline cal and accident insurance pre-
kfcave. taxes, excepting those of Alabama mlums; what you paid to doctors, !
; California, Florida, Louisiana, Mis- surgeons, dentists, nurses, hospi-i
Furs are most popular this Winter with the Wild animals B >pi, Utah and Wyoming and lals, laboratories and clinics ,in-
which haven't been trapped yet. I the turjtory of Hawaii; real cs-, eluding X-ray, ar.«c.‘.;.csia ana
The weather man has hit it right on the nose with "more
snow.” There’s more than most people have seen for years.
An office seems to he the handiest place for some people
to look for sleep they lost the niftht before.
truck crashed through the front of a barbership in an
Good preaching and
Souls Being Saved
Rev. Paul Tanners
Lotte Rain Trio
from Oklahoma City
Harvey and Jefferson St.
Rev. B. D. Edmundson,
V/e will offer for sole, our entire allotment of electric hand irons
on Monday Morning, Jan. 22 ot 10 o'clock sharp.
You will be given o numbered ticke*, if you number is calicd you
will be entitled to purchase an iron at the O. P. A. price.
Genera! Elerfric Sg.55
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Phillips, J. C. Borger Daily Herald (Borger, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 48, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 18, 1945, newspaper, January 18, 1945; Borger, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth737680/m1/2/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Hutchinson County Library, Borger Branch.