The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967 Page: 5
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MASONRY IN TEXAS
By June 1861, there were 238 Masonic lodges in Texas. At the
June 10, 1861, meeting of the Grand Lodge of Texas, 225 of the
lodges had made their annual reports and the total membership had
risen to 8,746.
The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, as prac-
ticed in the Southern Jurisdiction of the United States, of which
Texas is a part, consists of twenty-nine regular degrees superimposed
upon the three degrees of Symbolic Masonry. Only those who have
achieved the Master Mason degree in a regularly and lawfully con-
stituted Masonic Lodge in fraternal relations with the Grand Lodge
of Texas may petition for the Scottish Rite degrees in Texas.
The government of the Rite in the Southern Jurisdiction resides
in a Supreme Council now sitting in Washington, D. C. It elects its
own members, not to exceed thirty-three, and is self-perpetuating.
It charters subordinate bodies in cities and states, which are called
Valleys and Orients respectively. These subordinate bodies must
observe the Statutes of the Supreme Council, the orders of the Grand
Commander which apply to them, and the orders of the Sovereign
Grand Inspector General or the Deputy of the Supreme Council for
the State in which the subordinate bodies are located. Otherwise
these bodies are autonomous. Each voting member of the Supreme
Council is a Sovereign Grand Inspector General, elected for life, and
in possession of powers within his jurisdiction similar to those of a
Grand Master of a Grand Lodge.
A complete set of subordinate bodies is composed of four separate
and distinct organizations and are denominated: Lodge of Perfec-
tion, conferring the 40 through the 140; Chapter of Rose Croix, con-
ferring the 150 through 180; Council of Kadosh, conferring the 190
through the 30'; and the Consistory, conferring the 310 and 320.
The degrees are usually conferred upon candidates in classes. Usually,
this is accomplished in one of two ways; in a class that meets once
a week over a period of several months, in the Spring or in the
Autumn; or in a "Reunion" at which the degrees are conferred over
a period of several days.
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Carter, James David. The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967, book, 1967; Waco, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth743496/m1/25/: accessed September 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .