The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967 Page: 14
FIRST CENTURY OF SCOTTISH RITE
The introduction of a competing and irregular form of Scottish
Rite Masonry by Joseph Cerneau which engaged most of the energy
of the Supreme Council in defensive activity and confused prospective
The failure of the Supreme Council to complete its organizational
structure and make it effective at an early date. On the subject,
Albert Pike wrote:
Until the session of this Supreme Council, held in March,
A. M. 5619 , the number of its members was limited to
nine. . . . Four of these resided in Charleston, and five in states
other than South Carolina. . . . it was not known when one [of
the five] had been present at a meeting of the Council; which
was thus, . . . reduced to four members.
. . . a body composed of so limited a number of persons...
could not possess the influence nor command the respect desir-
able in the Supreme [Council] . . . Much less could this be so
when a majority never met, and the Council virtually consisted
of four persons only, living in one place, and with difficulty
induced to do even what routine required; anything more being
beyond all hope or expectation.23
The development of opposition to the Scottish Rite because of
prejudice. Albert Pike summarized the causes of this prejudice as
The Ancient and Accepted Rite has heretofore, in our country,
been viewed by the large body of Masons with somewhat of
doubt and distrust. It is very generally imagined to be Masonry
in little more than name. It is supposed to deal too much in
speculation, to encourage innovation, to teach heresies in
Masonry, if not elsewhere, to be arrogant and exclusive, to desire
power, and to be fond of high-sounding titles. Its degrees being
to generally communicated in private, and the recipient really
instructed in not more than three or four of the whole series,
going at a stride or two, and in a day, from the 4th to the 32d,
the Fraternity at large had some warrant for looking upon them
as a sort of side degrees, of little or no value, containing little or
23 Transactions, Supreme Council, S. J., 1857-1866 (Reprint), 85-86.
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Carter, James David. The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967, book, 1967; Waco, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth743496/m1/34/ocr/: accessed October 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .