The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967 Page: 17
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MASONRY IN TEXAS
about fifty or sixty. On the basis of this information, it does not
seem possible that the total number of Scottish Rite Masons in the
Southern Jurisdiction in 1861, having achieved the 320, could have
exceeded four hundred and may have been considerably less. The
lack of growth during the Civil War and the probability of war
casualties and natural deaths in that period further reduced the very
small membership of the Rite.
The absence of Scottish Rite bodies in Texas prior to 1867 does
not indicate that the Rite was unknown in the area. It is one of
those strange coincidences, sometimes occuring outside the realm of
fiction, that one of the very first Masons to set foot on Texas soil had
a Scottish Rite record. Major Zebulon M. Pike and his expedition
were escorted through Texas by Spanish authorities along the Old
San Antonio Road to Natchitoches, Louisiana, during 1807. In
addition to having been a member of Lodge No. 3 in Philadelphia,
Pike was listed as an Adjunct Member of the Grand Consistory of
Louisiana in New Orleans." Organized Masonry was introduced into
New Orleans on April 28, 1793, by Laurent Siguer, the holder of a
Rose Croix patent from Nancy, France, under which he opened a
lodge named Parfaite Union assisted by eight Master Masons and
five Entered Apprentice Masons. These Masons were refugees from
the Negro insurrection in the West Indies.26 Another lodge, Etoile
Polaire, was also established in New Orleans by French Masons about
the same time but did not receive its charter, numbered 4,263, from
the Grand Orient of France until November 11, 1804.27 On March
1, 1802, Lodge La Charite No. 93, under a charter from the Grand
Lodge of South Carolina, was organized in New Orleans by former
members of the French Rite Lodge La Candeur in Charleston, South
Carolina.28 The refugee lodge La Reunion Desiree No. 3,013 char-
25 The New Age, XXXIV, 236; Transactions, Supreme Council, S. J., 1869, p. 14.
26 John Q. A. Fellows, Perfect Union Lodge No. 1, p. 14.
27 Henry L. Stillson, History of the Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and
Accepted Masons, 334-335.
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Carter, James David. The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967, book, 1967; Waco, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth743496/m1/37/: accessed September 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .