The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967 Page: 18
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FIRST CENTURY OF SCOTTISH RITE
tered at Port au Prince by the Grand Orient of France was rechartered
in New Orleans with the number 3,829 on February 17, 1806.29 It
was therefore not only possible but highly probable that any Mason
passing through New Orleans on his way to Texas would become
aware of the working of the Scottish Rite in New Orleans by one or
more of the five lodges of the Rite in that City.
At an early date, Louisiana Scottish Rite Masonry had a permanent
representative in Texas. Adolphus Sterne, the first known Scottish
Rite Mason to make Texas his home, was borne on April 5, 1801,
in Cologne, France (later Germany). At the age of sixteen (1817),
young Sterne immigrated to America, landing at New Orleans, where
he resided for several years, working in a store and reading law. In
New Orleans, he became a Mason. Little is known of his Louisiana
Masonic career, but it is known that when he came to Texas in 1824,
he was a Past Master of a Lodge, had received the degrees of the
Scottish Rite and was a Knight Templar in the York Rite. Sterne's
application for land, made at Nacogdoches, Texas, on August 7,
1835, stated that he moved to Texas in 1826. During the Fredonian
Rebellion in Nacogdoches in 1827, Sterne's support was given to the
Fredonians led by Benjamin W. Edwards. He aided them with gun
flints, powder and lead smuggled into Texas from New Orleans con-
cealed in bales of dry goods and barrels of coffee. When this was
detected by the Mexican authorities, Sterne was arrested, tried by
court martial, and sentenced to be shot. He was imprisoned at
Nacogdoches pending the confirmation of his sentence by the military
commandant at Saltillo, General Manuel Mier y Teran. John Henry
Holland, 330, and the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana,
interceded on Sterne's behalf with Mexican Masons in Mexico City
and with General Manuel Mier y Teran, a Scottish Rite Mason also,
and Sterne was released on parole, a condition of which was that
Sterne obligated himself never to bear arms against Mexico.
On June 2, 1828, Sterne married Eva Catherine Rosine Ruff at
Nacogdoches and built her a home at the corner of Sterne and Polar
Streets in Nacogdoches which is now a museum and library.
29 James B. Scot, Outline of the Rise and Progress of Freemasonry in Louisiana, 7.
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Carter, James David. The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967, book, 1967; Waco, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth743496/m1/38/: accessed September 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .