The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967 Page: 21
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MASONRY IN TEXAS
an ornament, his family a cherished and revered protector, the
state a patriot, and the humble poor one of their most charitable
It is a fitting post-script to Adolphus Sterne's life that it was his
son Charles Adolphus Sterne, who was the first native born Texan
to receive the degrees of the Scottish Rite after its introduction into
Many Masons took part in the Texas Revolution, the work of
identifying them is still in progress and the Masonic records of some
of them so identified are still incomplete.
One of the Mexican Masons who cast his fortune with that of his
brethren in Texas brought with him the most distinguished record
thus far discovered in this early period of history of Texas. Manuel
Lorenzo Justiniano de Zavala was born in the village of Tecoh near
Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, on October 3, 1789. He spent some time
as a student in the Seminary of Ildefonso and by 1807 became an
ardent liberal and advocate of democratic reforms. A member and
secretary of several early elective councils before May, 1814, he was
arrested for his liberalism and confined in the castle of San Juan de
Ulloa. He spent the three years of his imprisonment in the study of
medicine and the English language. After gaining his freedom, he
again entered politics and served in the Provincial Assembly of
Yucatan during 1820. In 1821, De Zavala was representing Yucatan
in the Spanish Cortes in Madrid until news of the Mexican Declara-
tion of Independence caused him to hurry back to Mexico. He be-
came a Senator in the Mexican Congress of the Iturbide regime and
served on the Congressional Committee on Colonization that intro-
duced a bill, De Zavala supporting it in debate, confirming the Moses
Austin empresario grant in Texas to Stephen F. Austin. The Con-
gress was dissolved before final action on the bill was completed but
De Zavala and the other members of the Committee were retained
in the junta nacional instituyenta and were continued as its committee
30 Texas Grand Lodge Magazine, XXVII, 60-61.
31 Philip C. Tucker Register, unpaged.
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Carter, James David. The First Century of Scottish Rite Masonry in Texas, 1867-1967, book, 1967; Waco, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth743496/m1/41/: accessed September 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .