Texas Jewish Post (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 42, No. 12, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 24, 1988 Page: 4 of 36
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4 TEXAS IEWISH POST THURSDAY, MARCH 24, 1988 PASSOVER ISSUE
Worst And Best Of Austria
The observance this month of the 50th anniver-
sary of the Anschluss, Nazi Germany's annexa-
tion of Austria, is revealing the worst and the
best of Austrian society.
The worst is reflected in the appalling fact
that for the past 40 years most Austrians have
imagined themselves the “first victims" of Nazi
aggression and have systematically denied or
repressed any knowledge of their massive in-
volvement. But the historic truths brought to the
fore during this commemoration can no longer
When Hitler and his Nazi hordes marched into
Austria on March 13, 1938, they were greeted
deliriously by some 200,000 Austrians in Vienna.
Austria provided three-quarters of the death-
camp officers, including Adolf Eichmann and SS
Commander Ernst Kaltenbrunner.
Bitter political anti-Semitism was incubated
by Vienna's Mayor Karl von Lueger in the 1870s
and other politicians, and heavy traces of that
But the best of Austria is also surfacing today.
Young Austrians by the thousands are holding
vigils, demonstrating for waldheim's resignation
and sponsoring seminars on Austria's Nazi past.
And most reassuring is the leadership of Chan-
cellor Franz Vranitzky, who embodies the new
democratic Austria. Vranitzky gave meaning to
the Anschluss, on March 12, in these words:
“We must never forget and we must insure
there is nothing in today's society that could
lead us into an abyss, as happened in 1938."
— By Rabbi Marc H. Tanenbaum
Rabbi Marc H Tanenbaum is director of international
relations for the American Jewish Committee
Texas Jewish Post
Near East Report:
Two Views on the Territories
££I believe Judea and Samaria—as we
I Jews call it, and it’s not a new name,
but 3,000 years old—is definitely a road,
not a roadblock, to peace,” said Maj. Gen.
(Res.) Shlomo Gazit. He was speaking to
several hundred listeners at a panel discus-
sion during last week’s United Jewish Ap-
peal Young Leadership assembly in Wash-
In fact, added Gazit, former chief of Is-
raeli military intelligence and now presi-
dent of Ben Gurion University, Judea and
Samaria “is the only possible road” to
peace. The territories—the land called the
West Bank by the Arabs, plus the Gaza
Strip, Golan Heights and Sinai Desert—
captured during the 1967 Six-Day War, “are
the number one trump card in our hands.”
Gazit said they “create Arab motivation
... to try to reach a solution even if that
means for them to pay a very high price—
making peace with Israel.”
Fellow panelist Haim Ramon—quoting
former Likud bloc leader and Prime Minis-
ter Menachem Begin—said “sometimes we
must take risks for peace. ’’ The alternative,
the Labor Party Knesset member added, is
the status quo: 3.6 million Israeli Jews rul-
ing over not only 750,000 Israeli Arabs who
identify themselves as Palestinians, but
over “1.5 million Palestinians in the oc-
cupied territories [who]. . . have no politi-
According to Ramon, 37, a graduate of
Tel Aviv University Law School and for-
mer member of his party’s “Young Guard,”
if Israel were to annex the territories and
grant political rights to the Arab residents,
after the next election “there will be a Pal-
estinian party with 40 to 45 seats in the
Knesset. . . and Israel will no longer be a
Jewish but a bi-national state.”
And if Israel annexed the land but did not
extend political rights, it “no longer will be
a democracy.” The solution advocated by
some and characterized by Ramon as
“Arabs living in Hebron, working in Tel
Aviv and voting in Amman” would leave
Israel more open to comparisons; with
South Africa, he said.
While recognizing Jews’ “historical and
religious links” to the territories, Ramon
said Labor and its backers “would like to
have Israel Jewish and democratic. . . .
That means [ending] the occupation of 1.5
million Palestinian Arabs in the territories,
on their land—and they are not flying in the
air like [figures] in a Chagall picture.”
Speaking before Ramon, Gazit said,
“Have no illusions: No Arab on either side
of the [green] line would shed a tear if Israel
disappeared. But . . . more and more
Arabs all over the Middle East realize it is
in their interest to get out of the cycle of
hostilities—even if it means making
According to Gazit, the Arab world re-
verses Clausewitz’s dictum that war is the
continuation of diplomacy by other means.
But since the 1973 Yom Kippur War failed,
after “six years of perfect preparation and
perfect surprise,” Egypt’s Anwar Sadat
broke the taboo on talking to Israel. Now,
Gazit said, even Syria’s dictator, Hafez As-
sad, and PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat “are
prepared to join this political/diplomatic
However, Gazit added, “‘territory-for-
peace’ is a bad way of presenting our case.
What we mean ... is that we are prepared
to give up territory for peace and securi-
ty. . . . We are not looking for only a docu-
ment [a treaty]. We know the borders, the
size of Israel, the distance between the
Mediterranean Sea and the green line.”
“Unless there are some good, reliable
security modalities [land-for-peace] may
be a catastrophe,” he said.
To get peace, Arabs must abandon their
claimed “right of return” to Israel within
the green line, he insisted. And even with
an Arab-Israeli settlement, instability—so-
cial, cultural, religious and political—will
dominate the region “for a long time to
Ramon said Sadat went to Jerusalem
only after being promised he would get
back all of the Sinai in exchange for recog-
nition and peace with Israel. The Knesset
member added that in return for a with-
drawal from most of Judea and Samaria,
Israel would insist on the demilitarization
of the area and the right to station Israeli
troops along the Jordan River. Then, if the
Arabs changed their minds, “war would
start in the Jordan Valley, not on the road to
Tel Aviv.” E.R. □
Texas Jewish Post
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Wisch, J. A. & Wisch, Rene. Texas Jewish Post (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 42, No. 12, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 24, 1988, newspaper, March 24, 1988; Fort Worth, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth755790/m1/4/?q=12th%20Armored%20Memorial%20Museum: accessed February 27, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .