The Cumby Rustler. (Cumby, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 6, Ed. 1 Friday, May 6, 1910 Page: 2 of 8
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THE CUMBY RUSTLER
G. M. MORTON, Publisher
Women’s eyes are the only weapons
left her in Chicago.
What causes divorce? “Bum grub,”
ahbuts the army of dyspeptics.
Poorly cooked food often ^drives
men to drink and women to suicide.
Every hen will have to be taught to
lay her egg under an automatic dating
The comet with two tails is doing
nicely in getting past the nature fake
San Francisco ought to take that
little earthquake as a timely warning
to be good. \
Get into the new census by all
means. All our best people are head-
ing for it
Buy your own home in the country,
and become a perennial instead of a
hardy annual. '
Paris enthusiasts who are planning
to prevent the slaughter of African
fauna are a year too slow.
No fight against the 'hat pin will
gain enough of a victory to send femi-
nine fashions back to bonnet strings.
There is no way for the house fly
to get arbitration in the war the Chi-
cago health department is making \on
Passengers in France who stayed
aloft two hours in an aeroplane found
the earth still running nicely on their
When the pocket wireless really
comes into use a man no longer will
be able to forget to mail his wife’s
Poultry farmers can point proudly
to the 'fact that so far as they know
there is no such thing as eggine on
Messages from Africa are to the ef-
fect that Col. Roosevelt is as hard as
nails. This explains why the tsetse
fly was stung.
Science is pretty good, but it has
not yet identified the whooping-cough
germ, to say nothing of isolating it out
of the small boy’s reach.
What is sometimes paraded as a
heart-warming international romance
generally proves to be nothing more
than a sordid commercial affair.
Somebody has enunciated the the-
ory that sleeping in church is a dis-
ease. Well, it will gradually diminish,
now that the golf season is coming on.
Incidentally, take note that the la-
test life saving signal, which now may
summon one take a drink or lend a
dollar, is not Q. D.,” but “S. O. S.”
t ■■ >■■■'" Ml" ,1-"11 ' .......—
paration suit a
that he makes
day. The wife
3 down $110 a
any railway en-
to He Endured
in Proving Up
By G. WELLESLEY BRABBIT
CULTURE OF TUBERS IP0ULTRY PRY MASH H0PPER
Select the Medium Sized Pota-
toes Having Strong Eyes.
One of Numerous Little Conveniencet
for Feeding Laying Hens—Feeder
T LOOKS considerably better than it feels to draw a number
entitling one to homestead a quarter-section of land in the
new Indian reservations recently allotted for settlement in
South Dakota. The total allotment was about 9,750 quar-
ter-sections to about 8,900 registered applicants. The allot-
ment was made in rotation from No. 1 up, so that the holder
of 9749, for instance, must wait until 9,748 prior numbers
have made their selections, from No. 1 up.
To acquire title, or to prove up, within 14 months,
from $1.50 to $6 an acre must be paid in cash to the govern-
ment, according to the quality of the land to select from. Otherwise
the time to prove on is extended to five years, with one-fifth of the
total amount payable yearly. So that if a winner is within the first
few hundred numbers and selects $6 an acre land the first and final
payment to acquire title in 14 months will be $960.
Then he (or she) will have to have two horses, with harnesses,
wagon, at least one cow, some implements necessary to do the required
land improvement, house, barn, well. These will cost at least $1,500
more and the settler can use a good deal in addition if convenient, but
he should have at least $2,500 to start with.
After 14 months* residence, depending on the location, nearness to
a railroad and the amount of improvements made during that time, the
land would perhaps he worth, according to the present value of land in
that vicinity in South Dakota, from $20 to $35 an acre, or from $4,000
to $5,000. ,
Of course many will start homesteading on less and live in a sod
house to begin with and suffer all kinds of privations during the first
few crop years. But I would not advise any one who is not accustomed
to all kinds of hardships to start out to acquire a homestead from TTncle
Sam with less than $2,500 to prove up in 14 months.
Another thing not generally known andi about which little, if any-
thing, has been said, is the fact that besides the land here referred to
are thousands of acres of land selected or set aside by the government
for the Indians. These lands are mixed in, so to speak, among the
lands allotted for settlement throughout the whole reservation. The
official map shows that in many instances a quarter-section or two is
off here and there, the rest of the section reserved,
then many whole sections are left in a bunch, reserved.
The reason for this I do not know, nor what is to
be done with this land. We all know, however, that
the\ Indians are poor farmers or no farmers at all.
Besides, as only a part of the Standing Bock and
Cheyenne reservations was thrown open to settle-
ment, the Indians have plenty of land left, about as
much again, for them to hunt and fish on. So that
many homesteaders will find themselves isolated
miles away from any neighbors to visit or help to
increase land values.
Second Crop for Seed Should Be
Planted as Soon as First Is Ripe—
Exposure Hardens the Skin
and Prevents Rot.
A bulletin has recently been pub-
lished by the Kansas experiment sta-
tion on the selection and feeding of
laying hens. Some attention is given
Dry Mash Hopper.
in this bulletin to conveniences that
are used around poultry quarters.
There is for instance a dry mash hop-
per illustrated in Fig. 1. This hop-
per, as indicated in the illustration,
is 36 inches long, 8 inches high at the
back and 4 inches at the front.* It is
8 inches deep. There are 12 inch-
pieces across the top, these being
placed 2 inches apart. There is a top
Second-crop Irish potatoes for seed
ihould be planted as soon as the first
crop is ripe. Select the medium-
sized potatoes having strong eyes.
Medium-sized whole potatoes give
stronger shoots for second crop than
large potatoes cut into quarters. Small
potatoes should not be used, as they
make weak vines and few potatoes to
the vine. Expose the potatoes in par-
tial shade for a few days before plant-
ing. The exposure hardens the skin
and prevents rot.
Select a northern exposure for sec-
ond crop and sod ground or ground
that has grown a crop of early peas.
An old strawberry bed that has been
well manured for two years will make
an excellent seed bed. Plow the
ground deep; harrow and roll. It
should be thoroughly pulverized and
firmed with the roller. A rich sod,
finely pulverized, will hold moisture,
and will, under careful culture, give
the largest yield of medium-sized tu-
bers. In hot, dry weather run the
farrows out about five inches deep.
Plant late in the evening or early
in the morning. Plant as fast as the
farrows are run off. Cover in as fast
as planted. By planting in fresh mel-
low earth the potatoes sprout in a few
days, and make short, stout, stocky
ones. Roll the ground after planting. I V
As soon as the sprouts break through I Fig. 2.
run the smoothing harrow or weeder i Hopper for Chicks,
over the field both ways. The culti-
vation should be frequent and shallow. I cover placed on hinges so that it may
The best time to plant second-crop po- | be opened and shut at any time. A
tatoes is from the 20th of July to the
5th of August. Two bushels of medi-
um potatoes of first crop will, under
careful culture, yield 20 to 25 bushels
of second-crop seed potatoes. Second-
crop potatoes, grown on selected sod
ground, are firm in flesh, have well-
developed eyes and will keep solid un-
til late In the spring. The seed pota-
toes should be', buried in narrow
trenches about 12 inches in width and
ten inches deep. Select high, dry
ground for the trench; make a deep
trench around the buried potatoes to
carry off the surface water; no water
should enter the pit, as it would rot
the potatoes. Cover the trench with
six Inches of earth at first before win-
ter sets in. Add 12 inches more, firm-
ly packed down. The potatoes should
not be covered too deeply, as it would
keep them too warm, or too shallow or
they would freeze.
Cured by LydiaE.Pinkham’s
Galena, Kans. — «*A year ago last.
March I fell, and a few days after
there was soreness in my right side»
In a short time a bunch came and it
bothered me so much at night I could.
not sleep. It kept
growing larger and.
by fall it was a*
large as a hen’s egg.
I could not go to-
bed without a hot
water bottle applied,
to that side. I had
one of the best doc-
tors in Kansas and
he told my husband
that I would have to
be operated on as it
___was something liko
a tumor caused by a rupture. -I wroto
little chick hopper is shown in Fig. 2.
This is 36 inches long, 2 inches high
and 4 inches wide and of course it is
made out of inch lumber.
MANY USES FOR COTTON SEED
Among Other Things May Be Ob
tained Fattening for Cattle and
Emulsion for Sick.
to you for advice and you told me not.
to get discouraged but to take Lydia.
E. Pinkham’s vegetable Compound.
I did take it and soon the lump in my
side broke and passed away.”—Mrs.-
R. R. Huey, 713 Mineral Ave., Galena*
Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com-
pound, made from roots and herbs,
has proved to be the most successful:
remedy for curing the worst forms off
female ills, including displacements*
inflammation, fibroid tumors, irregu-
larities, periodic pains, backache, bear-
ing-down feeling, flatulency, indiges-
tion, and nervous prostration. It costa
but a trifle to try it, and the result
has been worth millions to many
If you want special advice writer
for it toMrs.Pinkham,L.ynn,Mass».
It is free and always helpful.
Shingles, Sash, Dooys, Roof-
ing, for sale to contractors*-
and consumers everywhere-
at a saving.
CONSUMERS’ LUMBER COMPANY
1113 Scanlan Rldg. Houston, Texas*
running a poser game, w men sne
that one is never too old to enjoy
good old American game.
One of the^ latest wrinkles in Ar-
kansas is to raise large quantities of
Jrice by an improved American meth-
od. Every state can do something
new and valuable to Increase the food
One of the oculists announces that
few people are able to see things
they are. This is perfectly true,
pecially with regard to the ability
people to see things which affect th
«y •. <■ r
By JAMES R. CROZIER
As defense in a separation
taxi chauffeur alleges
only eight dollar
Claims that he
week. Of either sum
gineer and most college professors
might be envious.
Swearing in the New York subway
was punished by a $10 fine. New
Yorkers will please take warn
get out of the subway before
Ing themselves. Swearing at
in the subway is the more economical
SB well as appropriate.
Texas is coming ont strong in many
ways, and particularly in onion cul-
ture. That state reports an extraor-
dinary expansion in railroad building,
development of sections heretofore un-
settled, creation of various industries
in addition to farming and a big boom
in onion growing. The Texas onion
has practically supplanted the Bermu-
da variety In this cquntry, a fact that
almost takes the breath away.
At the Tecent convention of the Massa-
chusetts state branch, A. F. of L., the
savings bank insurance and old age annu-
ity measures were unanimously indorsed
and the secretary was directed to send let-
ters to all the labor unions in the state
calling attention to the beneficent features
of the scheme. That action put the stamp
of labor’s approval upon one of the wisest
and most humane economic measures ever
suggested for improving the condition of
In my opinion it is only a matter of
time when savings bank insurance will
become an adjunct of every labor union in the state, because its benefits
need only to be mentioned in order to,be appreciated. One great problem
in the unions has been how to provide fon the aged and the incapacitated.
Some unions have in part, solved the problem by extensive benefit systems,
which are excellent so far as they go. But herq is an absolutely secure
and extremely cheap system of life insurance and old age annuities pre-
sented and safeguarded by the excellent savings bank laws of the state,
which entirely meets our needs.
Here is an opportunity for trade unionists to obtain for a trifling
monthly sum an old age annuity or a life insurance, guaranteed by the
laws of the state—an opportunity which must certainly appeal to every
intelligent wage-earner. Care for the aged being one of the aims of trade
unions, the annuity policy offered by savings banks which -have taken
advantage of the new law is in line with one of the chief purposes of the
unions. " ,
I expect that very soon savings bank insurance will be a recognized
and prominent adjunct of trade union work and that every labor union-
ist whose life is insurable will have
either a life, an endowment or an
SHED PROTECTS ALFALFA HAY
Farmers Generally Favor Protection
Against Inclemencies of Weath-
While the opinion of alfalfa farm-
ers generally seems to be in favor of
thorough protection from the weath-
er forUhis kind of hay there are very
many who do not have barns of suf-
ficient capacity to care for their
crops and are obliged to stack their
alfalfa. Stacking always results in
loss and various devices have been
resorted to in order to prevent this.
It is known that stacked alfalfa suf-
fers more from moisture falling on
top of the stack than from that which
“There isn’t one man in 10,000 who
has the remotest idea of the vast num-
ber of uses to which the once de-
spised cotton seed is now being put,”
said Capt. B. J. Holmes of New Or-
leans, to a Baltimore American re-
porter, the other day.
“From the clean seed are obtained
linters and meats and hulls, the hulls
making the best and most fattening
feed for cattle that has yet been
found. From the linters are gathered
material for mattresses, felt, wads,
paper, rope and a grade of underwear
and likewise cellulose, out of which
gun cotton is x made. The meats fur-
nish oil and meal, the oil after re-
fining being now in almost universal
use In the kitchens of this and other
countries. Before refinement to the
edible stage, the oil is known under
many names, such as salad oil, stear-
ine, winter oil and white oil, oleomar-
garine being the product of stearine.
The white oil is the chief ingredient
in compound lards. The original oik
also known as soap stock, has fatty
acids used In the manufacture of
soaps, roofing tar, paints and glycerin,
and from this comes the explosive ni-
troglycerin. I might also add that
the meal, aside from its use as cattle
provender, is transformed into bread,
cake crackers and even candy. Last
of all come th'e doctors, who are say-
ing that this wonderful seed is a
boon to the sick, since from its oils
an emulsion is prepared that has been
known to he of value in tuberculosis
and other ailments.
Only Nine Left.
Lee Wyman is an earnest advocata
of some plan under which the say-r
ings of children shall be preserved
for future generations to read.
“The other day, for instance,” says.
Wyman, “my little hoy was called be-
fore the tribunal over which his fond)
“ ‘You’ve broken one of the precious
ten commandments,’ she said.
“ ‘Did I?’ asked our hoy carelessly*
“ ‘Yes, my boy. I’ve said to yoi*
over and over the ten command-
ments,’ said Mrs. Wyman, ‘and now*
you’ve broken one of them.’
“ ‘Dear, dear,’ my boy said, ‘there’s
only nine left now.’
“And Mrs. Wyman let it go at:
A Denver man who visited the mu-
seum at City park recently tells of a.
farmer he saw there. The ruralist-
stepped in front of a portrait whichi
showed a man sitting in a high-backed
chair. There was a small white card
on the picture reading:
“A portrait of E. H. Smith, by him-
The farmer read the card and. them
chuckled to himself.
“Regular fools these city fellers
are,” he said. “Anybody who looks at.
that picture ’d know Smith’s by him-
self. They ain’t no one in the paintin''
with him.”—Cincinnati Post.
While “on the carpet” in New York
following a charge that he was vio-
lating the pure food law, a manufac
turer of breakfast food declared that
‘ he discovered his product through ob-
serving the sleekness of his horse
.while he himself was suffering from
dyspepsia. He emulated the horse,
and as a result is now a healthy man.
This is supposed to warrant the ad-
mission of bran and middlings to the
breakfast table. •
The department of agriculture will
'live in historic gratitude if it can
get up a cook book that will give the
check book a vacation.
Recent railroad accidehts, while
they indicate no improvement in op-
erating safeguards, at least give evi-
dence of a gain in safety through
more substantial equipment. For
trains to come in collision with each
other ten years ago or for a section ol
a train to leave the rails at high speed
would have meant a larger casualty
list than is now the case.
By BETTY VINCENT
\ “I am known to all my friends as a
heartless flirt,” writes a young woman.
“My fiance' objects to my flirting, but I
can’t seem to cure myself of it. He says I
must choose between him and flirting.
What shall I do?”
That depends cm how much you think
of the young man. If you have any great
consideration for him you will give him
up, for he could never he happy with you.
You seem to be proud of having earned
the characterization of a flirt, }^et it is one
which any......self-respecting young woman
should be ashamed of.
Promiscuous flirting is about the cheapest occupation in which a girl
Moreover, it seriously injures her prospects of securing a desirable
husband if she happens to want one.
No young man, not even the one she honors with her fleeting atten-
tions, thinks more of her for it, and very many persons think less.
The girl who sees; herself as others see her will never flirt.
She need not be a forbidding, sour-faced prude, bujt she will indulge
in no hand-holding, kissing, etc., with any man except the one to whom
she is engaged to be married.
An Alfalfa Shed.
strikes the sides and the device shown
in the accompanying drawing has
been in successful use in many parts.
This hay shed is made by setting
the requisite number of poles (tele-
phone poles are good) in the ground
at the proper distances apart and then
building the light roof as shown. The
roof is held in place by iron pins in
the poles. It may be covered with
galvanized iron or any light lumber
that will resist wind and rain. If it
is not desired to raise and lower the
roof it may he permanently fastened
to the poles.
One breeder suggests the building
of a sloping shed entirely around the
structure as an added protection.
Handling a Potato Crop.
I use bushel crates, a four-horse
digger, and put the potatoes directly
into crates, says a writer in Balti-
more American. These are loaded in-
to wagons and put on the barn floor.
We finish harvesting in early Septem-
ber. During the late summer we spray
for flea beetles and other insects that
bother. We do not Use any fertilizer
after planting, nor do we use any cov-
er crop, as the land is seeded to
wheat shortly after the potatoes are
Runts in Poultry.
The runts of the flock are generally
the weak ones who have not had a
fair show at tho feeding trough. See
to remedying this by separating them
from their biaeer. rough-and-tumble
Young apple trees may be protected
against the ravages of destructive an-
nual pests by wire netting.
Cultivate around your trees with a
hoe several tijnes during the year and
keep a mulch of grass over the culti-
Barley is said to be fine for hogs,
but it is also a good food for cattle,
and can be used for horses to good ad-
vantage, if properly fed.
Cultivate cotton, peas and red
clover in your young orchard. This
will benefit the trees and at the same
time give you an income.
After trees are planted cover with
loose soil for a mulch. When grow-
ing apply stable manure worked into
soil, hut do not let it touch the trees.
Danish bacon, the bacon having the
highest value in English markets, on
account of its firmness and delicate
flavor, is finished for market with
American cotton meal.
It is rather singular that American
feeders first learned the value of their
own cotton seed meal as a cattle food
and milk producer from The more
critical feeders of Europe.
In a steer-feeding experiment in
Texas, rice bran added to a ration of
cotton seed meal and hulls, in two out
of three trials, gave an increased rate
of gain at a lower cost.
In the warmer climates every one
who wishes a beautiful shade tree
should plant the pecan. It will not
only give delightful shade, hut de-
licious nuts raised may easily be made
a source of profit.
Jerking the bit or yelling and slash-
ing annoys a team and indicates an in-
competent driver. Good drivers are
quiet, patient and kind and.have little
use for the whip. No horse should
ever be struck unless he knows why
—and never unless clearly necessary.
“Yes,” said the man with the shaggy*
eyebrows, “we have a 'phonograph.
We’ve got several Italian grand opera
records, and last week I discovered a
way to make their reproduction abso-
“Indeed?” asks the man with the
purple nose. “What is it?”
“I rub a little garlic on the record
before it is played.”
Poet’s Wife—My husband )*ead this
poem at a public celebration before
thousands of people. Alas! it was the
last poem he ever wrote.
Publisher—I see. Did they lynch him
or shoot him?—Leslie’s Weekly.
Await the person who discovers
that a long train of coffee ails can
be thrown off by using
in place of Coffee
The comfort and strength
from a‘rebuilding of new
cells by the food elements in
roasted wheat used in
And the relief from
come from the absence
—the natural drug in coffee.
Ten days trial will show
one— ' .
“There’s a Reason” for
Here’s what’s next.
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Morton, George M. The Cumby Rustler. (Cumby, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 6, Ed. 1 Friday, May 6, 1910, newspaper, May 6, 1910; Cumby, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth770445/m1/2/: accessed August 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Hopkins County Genealogical Society.