Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 52, Ed. 1, Wednesday, December 31, 1845 Page: 1 of 4
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rUrJBSivlISBS im -advance.
or $7 at tfte ami f fr$ less?
BY CRUGEH & MOORE.
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Adisconnt of 10 per cent on the above rates -will be made to
sheriff? on all legal notices.
Persons desirous of advertising by the quarter can do so on
the following terms: Per 4 squares with the privilege of
changing 2 squares each week per quarter $25; 5 squares
changing 3 each week $30 ; Gsquarcs changing 4 each week
AH advertisements sent without written instructions will un-
less sooner forbid be inserted six montl s and charged accord-
ingly. No personal advertisement will be inserted upon any terms.
. No creditwill be given to any transient ad veitibCi under any
The aboveterms arc rated in specie or itt equivalent in 1 ex-
as or sta'ei paper-
Frankliris Mode of Lending Money. "I send you
herewith a bill of ten Louir d'ors t do not pretend to
give much ; I only lend it to you. When you return to'
vour country you cannot fail of getting into some busi-
ness that will in time enable you to pay all your debts
In that case when you meet another honest man in simi-
lar distress you will pay me by lending this money to him
enjoining TiimTcMliscbarge the debt by a like operation
when he shall be able and shill meet with suchganother
opportumt'. 1 hope it may thus pass tnrougn many
hands beTore it meets with a knave to stop its progress
This is a trick of mine to do a great deal of good with a
little money. I am not rich enough to afford much in
good works and so am obliged to be cunning and make
the most of a little."
Pride af India -The Planters' Banner has the fol
The China Tree or '-Pride of India" as it is called
in-the West Indies is one of the most valuable trees we
Jiave in Louisi ma. It grows with extraordinary rapidity
furnishes a better shade than almost any other tree and
its wood is almost equal to Mahogany for cabinet work.
It was brought from the East to the West Indies where
its wood is highly valued and it is only within the last 25
or 30 years that it has bem cultivated in Western Louis-
iana. We have in Franklin a Cabinet Maker a first
rate workman named Xavier Ibert. who has made up
some furniture of China wood which is rosily splendid
fully equal to mahogany wort and in our opinion more
durable and just as chtap. We would advise our Trad-
ers to call at his shop opposite Birdsall's store; and see
-an armour of Attakapas wood and Altakapas work which
heAas for sale. Who would have thought that China
Tree wood was so valuable?
Despotism Emperor Nicholas and the -Students.
letter writer gives the following anecdote: One day the
Emperor perambulating the streets of Warsaw in his
Carriage fell in with two students who neglected to un-
cover their heads in bis pnsence. He immediately
ordered his coachman to overtake them and he himself
asked them if they did not know who he was. One of
them having answered "No my General."" He abrupt-ly?relorted-
"What then not know your sovereign?"
This apostrophe struck the young men with terror while
his Majesty addedr "Look -at me well that another time
you may not forget the person of your Emperor; but 1
shall take care b sides to make myself known to all the
-students;" JNext morning all the schools received an
-"order to appear .before his Majesty with due solemnity
their governors ant! professors at their head. The Em
peror walked slowly through their ranks inquiring of
.Marshal .fasKewiez wnemer ne was sausneu wun me
students of Warsaw. The Marshal always on his guard
and knowing well his master cautiously replied "that he
- was" not altogether quite satisfied." The Emperor then
casta frowmnglook over the poor students and fastened
his.eye upon one of them unfortunately a plain looking
youtb whom he pointed out with "his fingers to his suit
saying "Mark what mouth what snout roza morda
literally a vulgar and contemptuous expression applica-
ble to a pig) I will wager that he is a wretch capable
of any crimes" The unhappy studfM thus described
happened precisely lobe remarkable lor his good conduct
and proficiency: and as the professor ventured to whisper
the fact to the counsellor of state Muchanow who is at
the bead of public instruction in Poland Muchanow tho't
it-his duty to repeat it to the Emperor; but his Majesty
Tebuked him in no genlle terms and told him to hold his
tongue while he himself gave vent to his angry feelings
in a lecture to the students in tone and spirit very similar
- to his celebrated speech bestowed on the municipality of
Warsaw. On this occasion he closed his paternal ad-
monition to the studtnts with the exhortation that they
were henceforward to behave in such a manner at to de-
serve the good opinion of the marshal as otherwise be
would close their school and distribute the students without
distinction among his different regiments where they
would be. obliged to serve as common soldiers and recruits.
It is not difficult to imagine the consternation which this
imperial speech has spread in every Polish family.
.At New London Connecticut the following inscrip-
tion is found on a grave stone. The records of ancient
Rome or Greece do not exhibit a nobler instance of
-On the 30th October 1782 4000 English fell upon
the town with fire and sword. 700 Americans defended
the fort for a whole day; but in the evening aboutfi
o'clock it was taken. The commander of the besieged
delivered up his sword to an Englishman who immediate-
ly slahbed him. All his comrades were put to the sword.
A linecf powder was then laid from the magazine of the
fort to the se-thrft tn bo lightpd ihus.lo hlmvJ.b.eforlress
into the air. William Hotman who lay not far distant
with three strokes of the bayonet in his body beheld it and
vsaid to one of his wounded friends who was still alive :
"We will endeavor lo crawl to this line and will complete-
ly vvet the powder with our blood and thus will we wih
the little life that still remains to us save the. fort and
magazine and perhaps a lew of our comrades who are
only wounded 1" He alone had strength enough to ac-
complish this noble design. In his 30th year he died on
the powder which he overflowed with his blood. His
fqends and seven of his wounded companions by that
means bad their lives preserved."
After this narrative are the following words in large
- "HERE RESTS WILLIAM HOTMAM."
There are some men the belter you treat them the
"-more kind and accommodating you are to them the
iworse they behat'e towards you. Some such characters
-are thus described :
"Tender handed press the nettle
And it stings you for your pains:
Squeeze it like a man of mettle
And it soft as silk remains.
Thus it is with vulgar natures
Use them gently ihey rebel ;
But be rough as nutmeg graters
And the rogues obey you well." ?
' Isabel Second of Spain is described as fat fair
and fifteen. Her arm is immense herJbust redundantly
rrleveloped and her ankles are solid enough to support the
golden lower of Seville. She waddles in her gait from
excessive corpulency and her fat chubby fac. after a
little exercise becomps suuuseu with a dr fical.
e exercise becomps sutiusci with a Q( f'caifVFUr-..
the result .of tha fatigue of carrying -o rrnF oimwina o.oa Santa Dorr.jgo Monle Christie and Port
Her manners are represented as exccediaglycfcildish and Plata.
common place. The young Isabel's appetite it is said
is well calculated to nourish the fatness of her frame as
her corpulent Majesty devours at a meal soup an entire
fowl fish pastry followed by sweat-meats and preserves
of which she is passionately fond. She hits- been badly
brought up one moment having had every whim gratified
and the next being cuffed by her mother her education
too has been neglected. She writts and spells very bad-
ly. This is the prize that Louis Phillippe wishes his son
the Duke d'Aumale. to possess 1 For this "fat fair and
fifteen" lump of flesh the King sent his son to Spain 1
A beautiful superstition prevails among the Irish that
he who happens to find a four-leaved shamrock becomes
possessed ol the magic power to gratify all his wislits in
this life by his mere command. Lover the Poet; in the
benevolence of his heart has said that if he were the lucky
finder he would u&e the power for the good of Mankind
in this wise:
'To worth he would give honor
He'd dry the mournei's tears;
And to the pallid lip recall
The smile ol happier years;
And friends that had been long c ntranged
And hearts that had grown cold
Should meet again like parted streams
And mingle as of old.
And thus he'd use the enchanter's power
To scatter bliss around
And not a tear of aching heart
Should in the world be found "
CEMENT ROOFING FOR HOUSES.
Messrs Editors: Inasmuch as I have been rep ated-
called upon to give information about a new method of
iing houses which I have practiced and deeming it a
matter of public utility I send you the method which I
have hnown in use for many years including a little im-
provement which I have made since I came to Kentucky.
The roof desciibed cost one third less than a shingle
covering will not take fire from sparks or cinders from
another building on fire is entirely water proof and with
an outlay of five dollars once in three or four years will
last thiity years.
On the rafters I use a sheeting of plank laid close but
not jointed ; then from one eve to the other over the ridge
I draw and tack down any kind of strong tow or cotton
cloth collon Osnaburg I prefer such as is made by
James Anderson & Co. Tack the cloth closely at the
caves and a tack once in three inches all along the edge
over the roof. These strips of cloth I lay down letting
the edges overlap about one inch until the whole roof
is covered. I am not very sparing of tacks but put thr m
in cross rows at intervals of four or six feet from the caie-s
to the ridge.
Tjhe cement is prepared as follows: Melt in a kettle
8 lbs. Rosin and 8 lbs. Tallow; then in a tub standing
by mix it-with four gallons North Carolina Tar. (Be
careful and not get coal tar as it rots the canvass )
Then stir in two quarts fine water-lime as you would in
making mush. Then take the cement'in a warm state
in a bucket and with a common white-wash brush lay
it on to the cloth rubbing it thoroughly in. Let it then
be for drying about four days. Then make more cement
in the same way and lay it on as before and sift dry sand
on the surface as much as will stick on. In a week put
on a third coat in the sime way; and if it is well donp
not a drop ol water will get through for five years and
then it will require another coat
Yours &c C. C. P. CROSBY.
Louisville Oct. 8 1845.
A small patch of Land in Dispute. There areldoubt-
S3 many of our readers who have no ideatofthe differ-
nce in the land between the 49th degree of latitude and
he parallel of 54 deg. 40 min which the Union declares
o be the intention of Government to insist upon as the
northern boundary line of Oregon. According to a state-
ment made by the Commissioner of the Land Offiee in
1843 the difference consists in one hundred and four
million six hundred and forty thousand acres which at
the minimum price of public lands is worth $ 130 000000.
W w iV-Y-Herald-
Correspondence of the New York Express
Washington Oct. 3d 184(5.
Mission of Mr. Hooan to St. Domingo. The ob-
ject of the mission of Mr. Hogan of Utica to the Island
of St. Domingo has become the subject of considerable
interest and of many misrepresentations. It originated
with Mr. Calhoun who wished to understand the autual
condition of the Island. The dimensions of the Island
are 5300 square leagues of 25 to a degree. The Span-
ish part of it comprises 3300 leagues. Its products were
cotton indigo sugar coffee molasses cocoa tafia (rum)
mahogany and dyewoods. Since the country became in-
dependent the products are considerably diminished. Tho
French pirt of the Island now known as the Haytien re-
public exports the same articles: the formerly Spanish
part of the Island in addition to these of the present day
hone)' hides wax gum guiacum and tobacco. The cof-
fee and sugar however which are now raised there hard-
ly exceed the demand xfor home consumption. There
are at present no mineral products although formerly in
me uominican pan or tne island ncn gold mines
were wrought. The mining was discontinued by the
Spanish Government an J the laborers transferred to Mex-
ico. Difficulty was found in procuring natives to work
them. Wftenthis portion of the island submitted to the
Haytien republic several mineralogists undertook to ex-
plore for metals. An English mining company began
their labors by searching for a copper mine in the envi-
rons of the city of St. Domingo but the difficulties with
the Haytien republic compelled them to abandon their
undertaking. It is however believed that valuable mines
will yet be discovered of the existence of which there is
The island-lias-a climate HkiroH-othcTy of-th& Wet
Indies warm and damp tempered by sea breeze by day
and by the land breeze at night with the seasons divi-
ded into dry and rainy.
The soil is very fertile vegetation very active and
only demands labor lo developeits immense riches The
greater part of the Island has never been cultivated.
The population of the whole Island is about a hundred
and fifty thousand according to estimates. When the
Haytien Government took a census they did not desig-
nate the classes according to their different origin. The
white population reached it is supposed one hundied
thousand perhaps one hundred and twenty. The others
compose the mixed and African races of which the latter
are much the most numerous. In what was formerly
the French part of the Island the whites are nearly all
foreigners with the exception of an insignificant number
who having participated in the fatigues and wars of the
Hqytiens iu their struggle for their independence were
admitted to the rights of citizmsbip By the Haytien
Constitution the African race alone were entitled to the
rights of citizenship. In the Dominican portion of the
Island the whites aro equal to one half of the whole pop-
ulation. There are some towns in the interior such as
Barrie Monte Christie Santiago and others inhabited
mostly by white people.
The Island at the east end is under the Dominican Re-
public and the west end under the Haytien (French) Re-
public The Dominican Republic has existed since Feb.
1844. At that time they threw offihe yoke and estab-
lished their independence after having been twenty-two
years subjected to the Haytien contiol. The population
of th now Republic is .ibout two hut dred thousand or
one third of the whole lshnd.
There arc several very good ports for shipping in the
f Tnri'-!rr:3!rran ol the island amongst which are Snm-
WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 31
From the N. Y-Mornii News.
Electricity. The late remarkableexperiments
with the "electrical gun" have given rise lo the sugges-j
tion that electricity will ere long be almost uriiversahin
its application. Among other uses suggpsltd "in its sub-
stitution for the match in firing the cannon especially in
firing signals of distress when the waves breaking over
the ship render the match unavailable. The'.ruptureof
rocks by inflammable air may spon fie one of the results
of its agency; the simultaneous and instantaneous'ignilion
of the gas lamps of this city by its means.may alsoand very
probably soon will be one of the means to Y.hich it may
be applied. Its application to projectiles from the expan-
sion h produces is another of the usesit promises But
perhaps the greatest of all its'prospective uses will be its
introduction into the steam enginf; thus evidently doing
away with the employment offuel and boilers with their
auxiliaries In this connection it is thought the time is
not far distant when the globe will be circumnavigated
by the agency of electricity. We have be lore alluded to
its power in promoting vegetation which has led to the
conclusion that it is the vital principle of vegetabplife;
and all our scientific readers are probably also informed'
of its agency in the formation and life of animals- as
shoswi by the experiments of Mr Cross and others; like-
wise its great and important use of late in medical prac-
tice. The production of ice lor dietetic and medical pur-
poses may in like manner be effected by means of elec-
tricity as the result' of the intense cold produced by its ex-
pansion. Its important and late use for elcctrofying is
well known. All know too. of its application to the com
munication of intelligence as withMorse's telegr.aph. J
Indeed we know not where to stop in the enumeration of
its known applications much less in that of those it prom
ises or the rational conjectures of experimenters.
Prayer "Prayer is the peace of our spirit the still-
ness of our thoughts the evenness of our recollection the
seat of meditation the rest of our cares jind the calm of
our tempest; prayer is the issue of a quiet mind of untrou-
bled thoughts it is the daughter of charity and the sister
Zeal ''Earnestness and vivacity; quickness and de-
light perfect choice of the service and a delight in the
prosecution is all that the spirit of man can yield towards
his religion. The outward n ork is the effect of the body
but if a man does it heattily and with all his mind then
religion hath wings and moves upon wheels of fire."
Rrligiom. "It took root downward in-humility and
brought forth fruit upwards in the substantial graces ofa
Christian in charity and justice in chastity and modesty
in fair friendships and sweetness of society : She had not
very much ol the forms and outsides of Godiinessbutshe
was hugely careful for the power of it for the moral es-
sential and useful parls such which would make her be
not seem to he religious."
Anger "It is a passion fitter for flies and insects than
for persons professing nobleness and bounty. It is troub-
lesome not only to those thai suffer it but-lo those that be-
Sickness "The soul by the help of sickness knocks
off the fetters of pride and vainer complacencies. Then
she draws the curtains and stops the light from coming
in and takes the pictures down those fantastic images of
self-love and gay remcmbranc.es of vain opinion and pop
ular noises. Then the spirit stoops in the sobrieties of
humble thoughts and feels corruption chiding the for-
wardness of fancy and allaying the vapors of conceit and
Friendship. "He is only fit to be chosen for a friend
who can give counsel or defend my cause or guide me
right or relieve my need or can and will when I need
il do me good; only this I add into the heaps of doing
good I will reckon loving me for it is a pleasure to be
beloved; but when his love signifies nothing but kissing
my cheek or talking kindly and can go no further
(?) But my friend is a worthy-person when he can
btcome to me instead of God a guide or a support an eye
or a hand a staffor a rule."
Covetousness. ''Itteaches men lo bejiruel and craf-
ty industrious and evil full of care and malice and after
all this it is for no good to itself for it does not spend those
heaps of treasure which it snatched."
Talking too much.. "Every man as-he is a fool and
contemptible so hhUongue is banged loose being liken
bell in which there is nothing but tongue and noise."
Progress of Religious Sentiment. "As a needle
ofa compass when it is directed to its beloved star at the
first addresses waves on either side and seeems indiffer-
tnt in niscourisntp oi ine rising or aecnuing sun and
when it seems first determined to the North stands a whf
trembling as if it surffered inconvenience in the first fru-
ition of us desires and stands not still iu full enjoyment
till after first a great variety of motion and then an un-
disturbed posture; so is the piety and so is the conversion
of man wrought by degrees and several steps of imper-
fection." Intemperance "In faring deliciously everyday
men become insensible of the evils of mankind inappre-
hensive of the troubles of their brethren! unconcerned in
the changes of the world and the cries of the poor the
hunger of the fatherless and the thirst of widows."
Marriage. "It hath less of beauty but more of safe-
ty than the single life; it hath more care but less danger;
it is more merry and more sad; is fuller of sorrows and
fuller of joys: it lies under more burthens but is suppor-
ted by all the strengths of love and charity and those
burthens are delightful."
Celibacy. "Celibacy like the fly in the heart of an
'apple7"dwells iu arpci puu..l o-v uuiinjcej-feut-ana-alop-opd-
is confined and dies in singularity.
ON THE MANAGEMENT OF HORSES.
BY AN EXPERIENCED SPORTSMAN.
Of nicking Horses.
I once knew a most valuable horse killed by nicking
his tail ; it mortified. The surest method is to give him
a dose of physic the morning before the operation is per-
formed and at least one dose more the third day.
Of sore backs in a Regiment of Cavalry.
All our cavalry on service should have a blanket
eight times doubled under the saddle. It is of great
utility; for with care you never v. ill have a horse with a
sore back ; and at night the man may draw it from under
the saddle and cover himself with it ; thus he will have
two blankets to cover himself. But road horses and
waggon horses too frequently have sore backs.
A cure for sore backs.
The best method of curing sore backs and 1 have
frequently experienced the efficacy of it is to dissolve
HALF AN OUNCE OF BLUE VITRIOL IN A PINT OF WATER
and dab the injured parts with it four or five times a day
The besi captain of cavalry I know is not he who only
fights his iroop well in aciion ; but he who has his horses
in the best condition and has the fewest sore backs in his
troop. What a'lhudable example the' German hussars
and other cavnlry?shew us in the care of their horses
The attention they pay to their horses is wonderfully
No Horse out in all weathers anrl standing still in the
streets should be curried orJbrushcd.
I never allow a horse of mine which is out in all
weather and frequently stands for hours in the street and
very often in rain to be curried or brushed: currying
and brushing thins their coats and makes them more
liable to "catch. cold. Nor do I ever alfW therrf to be
covered in the stable with a cloth. They are rubbed well
witn a wnisp ol straw and tnen wittra coarse naiE ciotn
tms maKfs tne mood circulate andi.it is luuy sumcieni.
I am thoroughly persuaded no cavalry horse on service
at theickel cord should ever be curried or brushed
indeed' a couple of curry-combs may be .kept in'each -Iroop
in case a horse may have some had dirt cakedpn
which cannot otherwise be rubbed off - v
Nq-Horse should stanjoii. litter in day lime.
I never allow a horse to stadrl onJuter in the day-time
In the stable. I speak not of runumgihorses or hunters.
Provided the straw-be not perfectly; dry and clean it
perishes thejeet. " Look toThorses" which stand upon half-
perished litter -as on&halfof them do at the livery stibles;
you will find their feet full of dirty half perished litter.;
This materially injures thejfect.
For the present I have nearly done with the treatment
of horses : "but will give .you one receipt more which of "
allAthe medicinesln the world.'isthe most efficacious. It
is astbenehciaf to man and woman as it is both to horses
dogs. Vaushould never be withoura Kbttle of il-in the
house. It is infallible in its cure of alk bruises blows
and gentle strains which horses and dogs receive in the
field. l'ldo'noUmean to say that iVwill cure a horse
wnicn is aosoiuteiy;iet down in tne sinews; oui m every
otherjrrspecl it is a sovereign remedy. I have had in tfie
course oi time tour or nve servants wno nave-suppeu uowu -j
stairs and have terr'iblybruisedtheir legs and sprained
their ancles. I have also given it to numbers who have
received injuries in their limbs from falls blowsor bruises
and I never have known it to fall. "It was given to me
by an old huntsman thirty years ago. It may-gveuTbe"
used when the skin is broken or rubbed off not absolute-
ly on the wound itself because it will occasion great pain ;
but it may be rubbed in well all round the wound. Take
OF SPIRIT OF WINE EIGHT OUNCES; DISSOLVE ONE
OUNCE OF CAMPHOR FIRST IN THE SPIRITS OF WINE
THEN ADD ONE OUNCE OF OIL OF TURPENTINE ONE
OUNCE OF SPIRIT FOSAL AMMONIAC OIL OF ORIGANUM
HALF AN OUNCE AND ONE LARGE TABE SPOON FULL OF
LiauiD laudanum. It must be well rubbed in with the
hand for full a quarter of an hour every time it-is used;
which must be four times each day you will be astonished
at its efficacy when you try it.
With certainly heio lo knoio a strong and'.good eyefron
a weak one.
I will now inform you how for certain you may know
:whether a horsehas a strong and goodieye ora weak
eye and likely To go blind. People in generaUturn a
horsels head to a bright light to examine his eyes. You
can know very little by this method what sort of an eye
the horse has unless it be a very defective one. You
must examine the eye first when the horse stands with his
head to the manger. Look carefully at the pupil of the
eye in a horse ; it is of an oblong form carry the size of
the pupil in your mind then turn the horse about bring
him to a bright light and if in the bright light the pupil
of Ihe eye contracts and appears much smaller than it waa
in tne darker ngnt tnen you may De sure tne norse nas
n strnnir. rrnnd pup hut nrnvided the nuntl remains
.i . i i. i . - t .i i t
a strong good eye but provided the pupil remains
nearly of the same size as appeared inthe darker
light the horse has a weak eye; therefore have nothing
to do with him. There are contracting and dilating
muscles in the eye which will plainly shew you provided
you follow my instructions in what slate the eye is
whether it be a strong or a weak one.
Many horses are attacked in their eyes when coming
five years old. This is vulgarly called moon blindness.
It is a periodical blindness which comes and goes some-
times threeorfour times; but if it ever comes above once
I imagine his eyes to be in great danger.
Of Worms being in a Horses stomach.
1 have often read in Farrier's workr and those of vet-
erinary surgeons of worms in a horse's stomach for my
own part I cannot credit it; for the peristaltic motion of
the stomach is so powerful and the heal so great when the
horse 13 alive that lam of opinion that worms may as well
live between two mill-stones when at work or in a hot
bakers's oven as in a horse's stomach and this I have a
right to say that when the motion of the stomach ceases
which I; does with the life of the animal in half a minute
worms may move from their former quarters into the
stomach particularly if the stomach be replete with food.
Certain we are that no persoji has ever seen the stomach
of a horse when alive ; therefore I am justified in saying
that I imagine it must be conjecture and that Igiveagood
reason for my epinion : however I will not assert orbe-
positive in an opinion which may be contrary to thaL-of
more experienced men.
Wounds in the skinjrf Horses.
Wounds in the skin'of horses will generally be cured
by lint dipped in Friar's Balsam. I have already
mentioned the great benefit of nitre in inflammatory fevers.
Osmar relates a story ofa horse which he asserts to be a
fact: that a horse with the mad staggerson him broke
out of the stable at a powder-mill and got"loa cistern of
water in which a large quantity of salt-pelre had been dis-
solved. He drank plentifully of it after which he became
immediately well without any thing else being given him.
He mentions this to shew the good effect of nitre in fevers.
Masonic Celebration. The funeral services in honor
of the late Andrew Jackson and other deceased members
of the Masonic fraternity celebrated last night at the Poy-
dras street Methodist church attracted a large and highly
respeetable auditory. At half past 8 the Grand Lodge
of Louisiana entered the church the officers taking their
seats on the platform the wardens at either side of the
aisle and the members in the centre seats. A solemn
dirge was performed at the commencement of the cere-
monies by an efficient and effective choir and orchestra.
After theceremony of the opening the Grand Lodge had
been performed by the Grand Master and Senior and
Junior Wardens an impressive and eulogistic address
was delivered in French by Mr. Mortmain the orator of
tne Grand TJOdge and-umr-irrEngliah by Mr.-QpTn31yr
principal of the Masonic College; id which after paying
a well-merited tribute to thllusirious dead the speaker
gavea beautiful exposition of the principles of the order.
We regret exceedingly that want" of space compels us to
omit even a summary. Several appropriate anthems
were sung by the choir and the services closed with
prayer by the Grand Chaplain. The church was taste-
fully and suitably decorated with funeral emblems; in.
front of the chair was placed a neat monument covered"
with crape and strewn with flowers about the base hav-
ing on one side a tahlet inscribed with the nsmes of the
deceased past Grand Masters In honor of whom the cele-
bration took place. They were the following: Andrew
Jackson late Past Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of
Tennessee; Dubourg Soulie Modiste Lefebre Moreau
Lislet Augustine MacarthytIves?Le Moine L FT. Fer-
raud and A. W. Piehot all late Past Grand Masters of
the Grand Lodge of Louisiana Picayune.
Compassion. Compassion is an emotion of which
we ought never to be ashamed. Graceful particularly in
youtb is the tear of sympathy and the heart tl.nl melts at
the tale ol wo. We should nol permit ease and indulg-
ence to contract our affections and wrap usnpjn a selfish r
enjoyment; but we should accustom ourselves to think of
the distresses of human life of the solitary cottage the
dying parent and the weeping orphan. Nor ought we
everto sport with pain and distress in any of our amuse-
ments or treat even the meanest insect with wanton cruel-
ty. Dr. Blair.
Presence of Children. -;Never utter an improper ex-
pression in the presence of a child who is cap.tble of con-
versation.! Remember that a profane or obscene word
thus spoken will make an impression on the mind of the '
chld which it will not be in human power to erase and
which will grow up with him and prove in some degree
X.-NO 52--WHGLE NO: 5g3;
a curse to-hira during life?1 Break glasses hum papers. ''
or destroy furniiu re sooner than soil the lender niiniTjof a
Anecdote ofthelate"Bevjamin Russell T5o Wqtby
editor of the Columbia CehtzAtl was afwayafafeiodol-of-
enterprite and industry. For years nfiePKcoinmsnced
...v. muhwuuu ui iuui pupei ub aoioniy accea as mo
sole editor and reporter bui alsqnvorked (fonaidetalfly ni
ease in setting type and performed a goodly !hare of the
press work. -It is related of him. that onc& haBinciinli.'
Jisffed an article which was considered personal antt
highly offensive by a certain individualof high-standing
in ihe community the aggrieved personisited the unfort-
unate printer armed wilha cowskin andJiiydelernnneo:
to give him a sound thrashing Accordingthe custom
of the time he was arrayedin whftk.ker;3vmfirff small
Iclolhes white silk stockings and white Vest. Mr.-vRueself
1 was at the time busily engaged with bi3- coat off and
tamn:sieeyes loiieqop. in handling the .press ball fordis-
tributfrig ink -.rollers weretfot known in-tnosellayfl and
Wis astonishmeni may be' easily imagined-tvhpn.h a w
J well 'dressed gentleman' enter the afficej'ab!raptly in a
towering-passion- and aimabldw-'afhim willta'cowsklnl
ThV muter routed his autagpnist - anrjefynaturally
made a pass athim with Jiis press balfe IvhicEtook effect.
nnA.nn hccnmt?ir . (. .i.f. t. fftT' t C
sad. Another blow with the rmrsfcin nn
with the balls which served admirablyvel the
iseofbgth swordsand shields. In afew rnmnlesthft
'.purposeot bgth swordsand shields. In afew mrantes ilia
Jadvocate of lynch Iayt who. when'he-.enterpHfhrvffifa
looked as neat and trim alhelisrd irist been taken front
a band-box 'was covered Tv-ttif ink printeiVink black
uuutuuj. iiuiu ueuu 10 iooi uis uai WSKDOCKed Ott ID.
.the melee his gay custome -msrans?ormedntO'8 suit
'of mourning anrl his face was as bfackariJ slossv as a
native citizen of Tombucloo. He soon found heitvas play-
ing a losing game and beat a retreat followed by the
inter whohad now got his hand in and gave
ilant a lasFfurious push between his shouJdel$r
tranginto the street mentally resolving never again to
moie-ata printer when engaged in his cauing.
Boston Mercantile Journal.
Value of the Copper Mines. A gentleman of great
intelligence who has just returned from the-copper region
on Lake Superior says the New York Gazette stales that
the value of the copper mines is enormous; ibat if gov-
ernment carefully guard their rights and work the mines
themselves the- profits in a few years will amount tns
suirrsufficienMo pay onethfrd of'the whole- pxnencM nf
the government. It is said that Englishmen who haTe
not been in Ihe country six months and some engineering
(officers from Canada are getting nossessinn n? nm nf
Uhe best mining districts Thpn.iVcnmDti.;nn-mm 4
j we hope th next Congress will cause the value of these
I'mines and tht manner in which thev have been mrmmA
Jto be carefully inquired into. The Prussian mines be-
riuug iu juvcrmuem ano oemg well worked and carefully
l-iattendcd to produce a revennn nf fiionnannn tu
1. - . . vwwtwww. J. ia
Vlead mines of Spain produce to government one quarter of
tthn' rpwpnnu Th -nn. rjr'... r i '- j -T
the' revenue. The copter minpr in f!nim71;iAfT.
lions annually. Yet all these mines put together are of
less value than the lead andconDer mines.ofthft TTniid
States. Louisville Courier.
From Hare's View of the Structure Functions and Dis-
oruers 01 tneoiomacn 00c. x
It was well -observed by the late Dr.unders that we
are made gluttons from the cradle by the'cffic.iousness of.
our nurses. A child's health is disordered from being
overfed. It cries and complains from the eZecis and
with a view to silence it more food is given; sohal tho
evil is increased instead of remedied and the capa&$y 0f
the stomach gradually extended far beyond the bounds f
nature. Both the quantity and quality of our food shoid
be proportioned to our habits of bodiIyexeiciseT When
we have active exerefse in the" open air 'we may with
impunity eat a hearty dinner raking- care even thent to
leave offbeibre the appetite Is palled ; but on days when
persons of weak digestion do not go ouiof doorst and es-
pecially when the mind has nor been energetically occupi-
ed it would be well to abstain altogether from solid animal
food and satisfy themselves with simple -farinaceous mat-
ters in the composition of which care should be taken
that eggs are as sparingly used as possible. Noihing is
aj. grosser blunder than that eggsareeligible for weak
digestion and for the diet of the sick Teylnever assim-
ilate with the contents of a disordered1 stomach; out partly
coagulatandjhjm various crudities; and partly generate
a noxioTisvapor which underits real character ofsulphu-
retted hydrogen rises from the stomach intaahe mouth.
The'coloring material of the yolk of the gg is sufpburr
which combining with the watery contents of thestomach
forms'the vapor alluded to. It is the sulphur naturally
contained in an egg which tarnishes a silver poon; it is
the sulphuretted hydrogen of an impure atmosphere which
tarnishes silverin general. Although anxiou&io"Imnrej
the advantages of moderation in eating todiVv&E '&vils
which arise from undue indigencies I wish nho to im-
press the disadvantages and imprudence to weak stomachs
of long fasting conceiving that they should neve&be mora
than four hours without the accession ofsome"tfss? Kind
of food ; and that even in good'lfealtb an interytTofiseteD:
or efghtjiours is by far too long- J g?
Composition for preserving weathjej boardings and all
other work liable lo be injured by the weather--
Lime it is well known However wejl burnt wilt soca
become slacked by exposure in the open1 axr cf even
.when confined In a situation-if not remarkably dry so. as
to crumble of itself intopawderU This Is whar is called
air-slacked liraejf contradistinction to that which is slack-
ed in'the usual way by being mixed with'Awaler& For
the purpose-of making the present useful. composition fo
preserve all sorts of wood works exposed to the vicissitudes
of weather take three parts of this air slacked lime two
of wood ashes and one of fine sanri pass them through a
fine sieve and add as much linseedioil to thecorngpsiiion
as will bring it into a-proper consistence- of wuikioa: with
a painter's brush. As..particular care must betak"en trj
raixit carefully it should beground on a stone slab with
a proper mulfer nf the same manner akpamters grind
their white lead &c. But .where these conveniences are
not at hand the ingredients may be mixed; in alargepaa
and well beat up with a wooden spatula. iTvccoats of
this composition being necessary the first may be rsihpr
thin but the second should.be as thick as it can conven-
iently be worked. -
This most excellent composition for p refer ving' wood
when exposed to the injuries of the wca.therrlyhighiy
preferable to the customary mode of laying an tar and
ochre. It is indeed every way better calculated foe the
purpose; being totally impenetrable by watery and so
far from being liable to Injury by the action "of tlie Tjelaih-
er or heat of the sun that the latter tfcbugjLsucTi a
powerful enemy to tarred and dchred paifihgscbex even
hardens and consequently increases the durahiliiy of the
present proposed composition. ' -
Another receipt for the roof of a house to'defcnditj?from.
the weather and. from fire. ""
Take one measure of fir?o sandJtweviTQCa!rrfS'tpf Wocd
ashes well sifted; three of slacked lirne grund ifp with
oil; laid on with a painter's brush;; first coat thin aud
second thick. " &? X.
I painted on a board with-this mixture and it adheres
so strongly o the board that it resists an jron tool and put
thick on a shingle resists the operation of fire. I used
only a part of the mixture ; what remains continues in an
iron pot; water has lain on the1 mixture". for some tuie
without penetrating the substanbervhfcfas hard as a
stone.-1 - ' '
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Moore, Francis, Jr. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 52, Ed. 1, Wednesday, December 31, 1845, newspaper, December 31, 1845; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth78130/m1/1/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.