Polk County Enterprise (Livingston, Tex.), Vol. 99, No. 22, Ed. 1 Sunday, March 15, 1981 Page: 4 of 48
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JCOOTmr ENTERPRISE. SUNDAY MARCH «. 1M1
That one word may spell an incredible dif-
ference between the accomplishments of Presi-
dent Reagan and the non-accomplishments of
former President Carter in dismantling a moun-
tain of costly federal regulations now weighing
down private enterprise.
For top regulatory positions, Mr. Reagan is ap-
pointing regulators who fundamentally don’t like
regulations whereas Carter named “crusaders”
who delighted in imposing stiff, new regulations
on business and Industry.
Where businessmen often found the Carter
find the Reagan regulators ready to listen
take remedial action when warranted.
A recently created task force under Vice Presi-
dent George Bush has embarked on what may be
tiie greatest regulatory safari in almost 50 years.
Not only are Bush, Murray L. Weidenbaum and
other top Reagan experts on regulations review-
ing thousands of existing and proposed federal
rules, with an eye to eliminating or revising those
found to be of no value or unduly costly, they are
considering major changes in whole agencies.
The supposedly sacrosanct Interstate Com-
merce Commission is a candidate for major cuts
in operations, perhaps total elimination. The
authority to attack “unfair” trade practices is be-
ing cut back.
Two of the superagencies created by President
Carter the Department of Energy and Depart-
ment of Education also are due for some rather
drastic changes since both have been targeted for
eventual elimination by the Reagan administra-
tion. Heavy pressure is being applied on the presi-
dent to keep them but the country would be much
better off without them.
There is no justification for these two gigantic
departments. The minimum amount of federal
regulation required of the energy industry re-
quired of the energy industry doesn’t necessitate
more than a small federal agency. As for the
Department of Education, it was a mistake for the
federal government can do a much better job of
educating young people when the federal govern-
ment s|fys oqj. of their business.
President Reagan and Defense Caspar W.
Weinberger should give the Marine Corps full
responsibility for this nation’s rapid deployment
The rapid deployment mission should be assign-
ed to the corps. Command should be given to the
corps commander. Support should be furnished
by the Navy, the Air Force and, if necessary, the
Army. But the commanding general of the Marine
Corps should have the authority, along with the
responsibility, for seeing to the success of the mis-
All this seems elementary, given the decision
made in the days of Harry Truman’s presidency
to retain the Marine Corps, with its special identi-
ty and traditions, as a co-equal branch of the ser-
What has always been the primary role of the
Marine Corps? What else but rapid deployment?
Why then the bitter struggle in the Pentagon
over the command of the Rapid Deployment
Force ? It is simply that the Army saw an oppor-
tunity for expanding the Army’s mission that was
good to pass up. They insisted on having a piece of
the quick-strike mission. And once involved, they
sought to take command.
The unification of the services in the Defense
Department after World War n did not put an end
to interservice fighting.
President Carter created the Rapid Deploy-
ment Force in response to the Persian Gulf crisis
last year, after the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
and the reveloution in Iran threatened the region
that is the source of most of the oil that is vital to
the economies of Japan and the Western nations.
But Jimmy Carter and his defense secretary,
Harold Brown, did not insist that the Joint Chiefs
of Staff develop a workable command structure
for the new force. Instead, the command respon-
sibility was divided between the Army and the
Marine Corps. Predictably, it hasn’t worked. The
dispute has grown so fierce that the Marine com-
mander of the joint task force expressed fear that
tiie Army is tapping his telephone.
The situation is intolerable. It reflects in-
decisiveness at the top. The commander-in-chief
must not allow his subordinates to squabble in this
fashion, no matter how professional their
arguments and no matter how intense their old-
. v. 0 school service loyalties may be.
We look to “Cap” Weinberger for an early deci-
sion. He is not one to temporize. And we hope he
gives the Marine Corps the ball of wax. We know,
if he does, the nation will not be disappointed by
State Capital Highlights
Texas closes the gates
■j £5* *
By Lyndell Williams
AUSTIN-State agriculture officials
last week dosed the Texas border to
California trucks carrying citrus
fruit .and California wants the U.S.
Supreme Court to re-open the Texas
Texas Agricultural Commissioner
Reagan Brown imposed the quarantine
to halt California produce unless it has
been fumigated or placed in cold
storage to kill adult Medflies
(Mediterranean fruit flies) and their
The action touched off a legal war
between the states.
Allied with major growers there, the
State of California sued directly in the
Supreme Court, and won the Justice
Department’s help in seeking a
restraint on the quarantine.
The Justice Department officials
argued that Texas “speculative con-
cern” about the potential damage from
the fruit flies was far out-weighed by
the real damage the quarantine is in-
flicting to the California economy.
In response, Brown said that Texas
growers are going to sue for damages if
the Medflies are allowed into the Lone
He quipped that if he had not ordered
the quarantine, those same growers
would have tarred and feathered him.
The federal government’s support of
California came as no surprise to Texas
officials. The U.S. Dept, of Agriculture
had supervised the California program
to get rid of the flies and may not want
to admit the program failed, said one
official. And, too, the home state of
President Ronald Reagan has political
clout all the way to the White House.
Unemployment Aid Cutback
The Texas House last week approved
a bill making it harder for persons who
voluntarily quit working or who are
fired to collect unemployment benefits.
If the bill becomes a law, a person
cannot receive unemployment compen-
sation until he or she has worked for at
least six weeks in another job.
The version by Rep. Bill Messer,
D-Belton, was only a bit more moderate
than the Senate-approved .version.
Messer’s bill makes allowances for ser-
vicemen who do not re-enlist and for a
person who quits a job to move with a
spouse to another city. The toned-down
bill goes back to the Senate for ap-
Motor Fuel Tax
The Legislature has long had a pro-
blem seeking ways to replace depleting
highway construction revenues. The
state’s highway system has been fund-
ed by a “users tax,” the nickel-per-
galktn tax on gasoline and diesel, but
Texans have been driving less in recent
years, apparently because of the rising
cost of fuel.
Governor Bill Clements and House
Speaker Bill Clayton have dusted off
the plan to raise the state's motor fuels
tax, currently lowest in the nation.
Clayton said last week that Clements
had predicted gasoline prices may be
going down in four to six months
because of a glut in supply, and that a
I aixosr tori
*$!!}, can afuroqe.
GUY OUR CARS!/
2-cents-per-gallon increase was sup-
ported by the pair.
The state would receive about $100
million per year for every penny it
raises the tax and Clayton estimated
that inflated highway construction
costs would probably drain $900 million
from the general revenue fund in
For his part, Clements made political
friends in some areas and enemies in
others in two non-related incidents last
week which add more color to already
rich “Clements lore.”
The Governor, archenemy to organis-
ed labor, refused to see (and barrel
from his office) a group of Texas Farm
Workers Union members seeking sup-
port for a bill giving them rights’ to
unionize, bargain collectively and
strike. His actions were no doubt ap-
plauded in business and agriculture
sectors. He surely made enemies in the
Texas Valley, but the Governor, still
stinging from party defeat in a recent
state senate race on the border, pro-
bably could not care less.
The Governor also endeared himself
with opponents of state spending when
he apparently coldly rejected a Mack
legislator’s plea for $20,000 in state aid
to help find the killer of 10 black
children in Atlanta.
Clements reportedly told Rep. Lanell
Cofer that he “doesn’t believe in chari-
ty”, but his office later issued a state-
ment saying he would cooperate if be
got a formal request for aid from the
governor of Georgia.
Cofer had attacked Clements as
hypocritical “in light of all the big talk-
ing he has been doing about fighting
crime and especially crimes against
children.” A spokesman claimed he
After Bobby Ewing of “Dallas” fame
was elected state senator on last week’s
television program, real-life Dallas
Senator Oscar Mauxy read a welcoming
statement saying “many of us feel that
we also arrived in the Texas Senate by
virtue of a soap opera.”
When Mauzy asked Lt. Gov. Bill Hob-
by if he should file the statement with
the Senate secretary, Hobby quipped,
“I think it should be filed in an ap-
By State Senator Kent Caperton
V'VV -p $
Session's first weeks productive
AUSTIN-I have had the opportunity
now, as your new State Senator, to dig
into the work that was the promise of
my campaign. The first eight weeks of
the legislative session have been pro-
ductive. But while a great deal already
has been accomplished, there is still
much to do in the months that lie ahead.
I have received hundreds of letters
and phone calls from you the citizens
who elected me to represent the 19
counties of the Fifth Senatorial District
and whom I am grateful to serve. Your
letters and calls are vital to the
democratic process. It is a process that
doesn’t end at the voting booth but goes
well beyond, and really begins a new
each time the returns of an election are
in. I welcome and depend on your
views, and I encourage all of you who
have not written or called to let me hear
from you when an issue arises that you
feel is important.
EMERGENCY PAY INCREASE
lam happy to say that the very first
bill passed by the Senate in the 67th
Texas Legislature was a piece of
legislation that I had a hand in as a co-
sponsor. I was the co-author of Senator
Lloyd Doggett’s bill providing a 6.8 per-
cent, or “two step,” emergency pay in-
crease for state employees. Along with
the percentage increase, our bill called
for a $50 minimum increase for lower
paid state employees.
Before the bill was finally passed by
both the House and Senate, and then
signed by Governor Bill Clements, Jr.,
a slightly lower compromise figure of
5.1 percent had been written in. I was
disappointed that the Governor was un-
willing to provide the full pay increase
initially passed by the Senate. But with
his threat to veto the full amount, we
were then faced with the choice of
allowing the lower figure or letting the
emergency pay increase become stall-
ed altogether. It was more important in
that hour of need to get whatever in-
crease we could into the paychecks of
state employees, whose wages were
falling far behind those of employees in
the private sector.
It was unfortunate that the Governor
stepped in and made a political issue of
the bill I am happy, however, that we
were able to provide some amount of
relief to state workers, and that we got
it to them as soon as we could.
In the past few weeks myself and
other members of the Senate and House
repeatedly, and have spent
' hours discussing and
r on the brink of a
in our state. They include hospitals,
which generate radioactive waste from
their daily use of x-rays and other com-
mon forms of radiation medical treat-
ment, as well as other users in research
and industry. They serve very
necessary and beneficial purposes for
us all and must be allowed to continue
their services, yet they produce waste
that poses real health and environmen-
tal hazards if not contained properly.
For some time there has been a
general, widespread consensus that
this legislature must address this pro-
blem. We have already taken major
steps, not a moment too soon, to avert
The first step was to effect the
moratorium that I initiated to tem-
porarily halt the licensing of new low-
level nuclear waste management sites.
This was necessary because our state
laws governing radioactive waste are
outdated. They are too weak and totally
inadequate to protect public health and
the environment. This was of special
concern to the residents of Leon Coun-
ty, in our district, where a waste site
has been purposed.
The moratorium measure that I spon-
sored passed unanimously in both the
House and Senate. It will be in effect un-
til a better law is on the books or until
June 1,1981. This gives the Legislature
the needed time to consider the more
important issue of enacting a stronger
nuclear waste law.
Subsequently, giant strides were
made to follow through on the second
phase of the nuclear waste program,
namely a more effective regulatory
law. The full Senate has unanimously
passed a broad new radioactive waste
regulatory act that represents a com-
plete revision of the old statutes. I am
proud to have co-sponsored that bill by
Senator John Traeger of Sequin, its
The bill itself is high-lighted by provi-
sions that allow much greater citizen
participation in the regulatory process;
exclude the acceptance of nuclear
waste from outside of Texas; establish
mechanisms for the perpetual care and
maintenance of waste sites should they
ever become abandoned or pass out of
the hands of private operators; and
enact stiff penalties for violations of the
law. The bill is currently before the
House, where we expect it to receive
GOVERNMENT WASTE, AND
One of the major issue* that voters
have voiced their concern about is
government growth and its un-
necessary functions. I have sponsored
two bills, at the request of the State
unnecessary paperwork in the office of
the Comptroller. Both have passed the
Senate. One does away with an old law
requiring that the accounting records of
local welfare assistance programs be
reported to the Comptroller’s office.
The other repeals a law requiring the
Comptroller to review the bonds of
county depositories. In both cases the
old laws have created a situation in
which piles and piles of unnecessary
documents have been stacking up in
Austin without any real purpose.
Local governments are fully capable
of handling their own business in these
areas, and this legislation allows them
to do so. It has the backing of the state
agencies involved. In effect, it is
designed to cut back this paper moun-
Finally, there are a couple of other
measures I have cosponsored that will
return more money to local govern-
ments where it is badly needed. These
bills have also been passed by the
Senate One of the bills have also been
passed by the Senate. One of the bills
raises to $300,000 the amount that each
county may retain for the County Road
and Bridge Fund from the collection of
motor vehicle inspection fees. The
other is a similar measure that returns
state funds to county governments for
farm-to-market and lateral road con-
struction and repair.
Both bills will enable better roads and
road maintenance by the counties. Bid
most important, it helps local govern-
ments to hold down local taxes fpr area
residents, by relieving some of the local
tax burden now required for road con-
struction and improvements.
ALVIN HOLLEY, PUBLISHER
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White, Barbara. Polk County Enterprise (Livingston, Tex.), Vol. 99, No. 22, Ed. 1 Sunday, March 15, 1981, newspaper, March 15, 1981; Livingston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth781462/m1/4/: accessed January 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Livingston Municipal Library.