Polk County Enterprise (Livingston, Tex.), Vol. 112, No. 97, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 4, 1994 Page: 1 of 28
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Volume 112 Number 97
The Dominant News and Advertising Source in Polk County
USPS 437-340 Prices 25 centa
Santa to visit
LIVINGSTON - The Polk
County Chamber of Commerce
continues its plans for making
downtown Livingston sparkle with
Holiday on the Square will be
conducted Saturday, Dec. 10 at the
City to eye
ONALASKA •• The Onalaska
City Council will consider promot-
ing police officer Steven Roberts to
a full-time position and will discuss
the possibility of hiring an addi-
tional full-time officer at its
regularly scheduled meeting set for
7 p.m. Tuesday.
Roberts was hired April 1. At the
time he was hired he. was told it
was customary to place new of-
ficers on probation for six months.
Roberts’ probationary status was to
end Oct 1. In the October meeting
of the council, his probation period
was extended to Nov. 1.
In the November meeting of the
council, Roberts was told his
probation would be extended for an
The council will also discuss hir-
ing an additional full-time police
officer. The item was on the coun-
cil's October agenda, but no action
Other items on the agenda in-
clude a proclamation for the Lion's
Club Md routine items such as
Polk County Courthouse. The fes-
tivities include a Christmas parade,
music, a visit from Santa Claus and
a business decorating contest.
The fun begins with a Christmas
parade in downtown Livingston at
4:30 p.m. The parade will end at
Several church and school
groups will provide holiday music
beginning at 5:30 p.m. Santa will
be on hand to visit with young and
old alike. Members of the
Livingston High School drill team
will take pictures of children with
The chamber is encouraging
businesses to enter the Christmas
decorating contest, which will be
held in conjunction with the Dec.
10 event. There are three categories
businesses can enter, financial in-
stitutes category, retailers category
and professional businesses
category. First, second and third
places will be awarded in each
category. In order to be judged,
businesses must notify the chamber
before 5 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 8.
Call 327-4929 to enter the contest.
Jamie Alexander is coordinating
the parade. She said businesses can
doing something as simple as put-
ting Christmas lights on a low-boy
trailer. There is still time to sign up
for the parade. If interested,
businesses should call Alexander at
SCENIC LOOP SCENE - It took three to four people eight Station. The display includes Santas, elves, candles, reindeer,
working days to decorate the Carl and Fran Herlock residence sleighs and involves some 45,000 lights,
in Pine Shadows subdivision, behind the Scenic Loop Fire
In connection with October incident at Terrell Unit
Grand jury indicts guards, inmates
LIVINGSTON - Six Terrell
Unit inmates and four guards were
indicted by the Polk County Grand
Jury Nov. 18 on charges stemming
from incidents which occurred Oct.
7 at the prison.
David Nunnelee, who works in
the public relations department of
the Texas Department of Criminal
Justice, said the indictments are the
result of a series of confrontations
which occurred over several hours
Counties combining forces
to bring super highway here
menu within the city.
LIVINGSTON - Wednesday.
Dec. 7, is the final day to file as a
candidate for the Jan. 21 special
election to fill a vacancy on the
Livingston Independent School
District Board of Trustees.
As of Friday afternoon, the num-
ber of candidates remained at three,
with Orval Barger, Corky Evans
and Dolores Guinn having returned
their applications for candidacy to
the LISD Central Administration
The special election has been
called to flU the board vacancy left
by the resignation of Bob Dockens
UVINOSTON ~ Studies recom-
mending a route for the proposed
Interstate 69, a major new trade
route that will link the industrial
hearts of Canada and the United
States with the Port of Houston and
Mexico, should be complete in
about a year.
In the interim a massive coalition
of private and public sector repre-
sentatives has combined to promote
the development of 1-69 in Texas
and other strategic roadways
deemed essential to establishing a
transportation network capable of
supporting increasing trade.
Those highways include U.Sr 59.
Polk County Judge John
Thompson recently returned from a
meeting in Brownsville of that
group. Alliance for 1-69 Texas.
Final routing of 1-69 awaits the
results of two federally-funded
feasibility studies. One of the
studies covers Indianapolis to
Houston and the second covers the
U.S. 59 alignment from Texarkana
to Laredo and U.S. 281 and U.S. 77
to the Rio Grande Valley.
While there are factions hoping
the route will follow 1-35 or dip
through Louisiana and link with I-
10 for the trek through Texas, the
U.S. 59 route is the one favored by
the alliance, Thompson said.
"To the best of my knowledge,
the only one on the table right now
is ours,” he said. "To date, every-
thing, statistically and logically,
points to U.S. 59 being the cor-
He stresses the word "corridor.”
contribution, Thompson said.
The alliance is divided into six
regions: Northeast, East Texas
(which includes Polk, Liberty, San
Jacinto, Angelina, Nacogdoches
and Shelby counties). North
Central, Central, West Leg and
East Leg. Those regions which
meet their full financial contribu-
tion to the alliance are entitled to
six seats on its board of directors.
Bylaws call for the board to es-
tablish an executive committee
consisting of one representative
from each of the six regions. Al-
The study area covers a 10-mile fiance representatives to the 1-69
TOYS FOR TOTS -- Four-year volunteer Margie Hamilton
Other volunteers with the program are Barbara Devens and
Nell Fuller. Applications from those needing toys are now
wide corridor for each route con-
sidered, "so, when you say it may
follow U.S. 59, it may not lay ex-
actly over U.S. 59," Thompson
In Thompson’s opinion, whether
the route through Polk County is
called 1-69 or remains U.S. 59, the
traffic will increase and an upgrade
to interstate standards would be
beneficial to the county. "We al-
ready have the traffic by virtue of
being the main link between in-
dustrial Canada and Mexico," he
said. That traffic is going to in-
crease and create problems on U.S.
59 unless it is upgraded to at least
Commerce would follow an
upgrade, which should be a direct
benefit to the corridor area, he
According to Texas Department
of Transportation (TxDOT) figures,
even before the North American
Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA),
74 percent of the total overland
trade between the United States and
Mexico travelled by truck on Texas
Thompson has been involved
with the 1-69 project for about two
years, having served as one of the
five Texas representatives on the
Mid-Continent Highway Coalition
Board of Directors. In addition to
Polk County, other Texas counties
represented on the board were An-
gelina, Nacogdoches, Liberty and
"Our group had a $20,000
budget," Thompson said.
TTie more recently formed al-
liance, which now represents the
suite on the Mid-Continent High-
way Coalition, has a target 1995
contribution goal of $322,000 and
includes 34 counties with a com-
bined population of 5.5 million.
The contribution scale is bared
on population and over half of the
total contribution is to be funded by
Polk County’s share of the cost
is $2,659. As in the past, the cities
of Livingston and Corrigan will be
asked lo help fund the total county
Mid-Continent Highway Coalition
need not serve on the board of
Although portions of the
proposed 1-69, through Houston,
for example, are already at inter-
state standards, full and complete
development of 1-69 could take 15
to 20 years to accomplish.
The alliance's plan is to push to
create momentum for the project.
The group is hoping to capitalize
on current efforts at the national
and state levels to complete the cur-
rent studies and begin the project,
the likely Congressional designa-
tion of the National Highway Sys-
tem in 1995, Texas Transportation
Commission interest in developing
the South Texas infrastructure to
trade and strong political tics in
both Washington and Austin.
Oct. 7. Nunnelee said he believes
the guards who were indicted took
retaliatory action against several in-
mates throughout the day.
Nunnelee said the series of
events began when several inmates
allegedly attacked guards in the
recreation yard. A guard was in-
jured in the incident, Nunnelee
said. He added that one inmate al-
legedly spit on a guard, which led
to more confrontations.
Nunnelee said only a small
group of guards were involved.
The four prison guards indicted
are Sergeant Kevin Nickerson, 26,
his wife, Angela Scott, 26, Neal
Harville III, 36 and Silver Duncan,
The guards are charged with ag-
gravated assault for the beating of
inmate Eric Robinson. The indict-
ments state that the guards, acting
together, did intentionally, know-
ingly and recklessly use a deadly
weapon, a riot baton, to cause
serious bodily injury to Robinson
by striking him in the head. The in-
dictment also states the guards
struck Robinson in the upper body
and head with their hands, fists and
Robinson was transported to the
Memorial Medical Center hospital
in Livingston, Nunnelee said. He
received cuts on the head and
above his left eye and bruises on
various parts of his body.
Nickerson has been a TDJC
employee for almost five years. His
wife, Scott, has been an employee
for 21 months. Duncan has worked
for the prison system for six
months and Harville has been with
TDJC for six months.
Six inmates were indicted for ac-
tions taken against guards Oct 7
Inmate Phillip Reed was indicted
for aggravated assault and retalia-
tion. The indictment states that
Reed caused serious bodily injury
to guard Mitchell Chapman by
striking him in the head and face
with his hands and fists. Reed, 22,
of Dallas, is serving 20 years for
burglary of a vehicle, two counts of
possession of cocaine and robbery
with a deadly weapon.
Five other inmates were indicted
on retaliation charges. Inmates
Douglas Gilbert and Vcrmainc
Howard are accused of striking
guard Sherri Mixon in the head and
face with their hands and fists. Gil-
bert, 21, is serving 60 years as a
habitual burglar from Dallas and
Howard, 22, is serving 12 years for
two counts of aggravated robbery
and possession of cocaine from
Also charged with retaliation ore
inmates Charles Martin, who is ac-
cused of striking guard Robert
Nicholds in the chest with his fist;
and inmate Anthony Holmes, who
is accused of using his hands and
fist to strike guard Terrance Sapp in
the head and face, according to the
Martin, 21, is serving 10 years
for aggravated assault, injury with a
deadly weapon to a child and
burglary from Bexar County.
Holmes, 20, is serving 40 years for
two counts of robbery from Whar-
Inmate Damonl Jackson was in-
dicted on four retaliation charges.
He is accused of injuring guards
Arthur Pina, Quentcn Cooper,
Ronnie Wiegrcffe and Duncan by
striking each of the guards in the
head and face and biting Duncan on
his right hand, the indictments
The indictments came ap-
proximately one month after Terrell
Unit guards Joel Lambright Jr., 20,
and Alex Torres, 31. were indicted
for murdering inmate Michael
McCoy, 30, formerly of Dickinson.
The murder occurred Oct. 7,
reportedly in connection with the
sporadic fighting which occuired
throughout the day at the prison.
Census of Retail Trade reports
City sales top $128 million
LIVINGSTON - Out of the 156
retail establishments in Polk Coun-
ty in 1992, 90 of those businesses
were located in Livingston, bring-
ing $128.2 million into the city for
The information comes from the
1992 Census of Retail Trade, a
publication which has taken
economic censuses in five-year in-
tervals since 1967. The publication
only lists cities with populations of
2,500 or more. Livingston is the
only city in Polk County listed in
the census. The remaining cities in
the county are included in the
balance of county statistics.
Besides Livingston, the rest of
the county recorded $63.3 million
in sales for 66 retail establishments.
In Livingston, 1.255 persons col-
lected an annual payroll of $13.2
million. The rest of the county re-
corded 476 persons collected $5.6
million for the 1992 annual payroll.
The publication lists 10 building
materials and garden supply stores
in the county, of which four were
located in Livingston. Six general
merchandise stores were operating
in the county, with half of those
doing business in Livingston.
Livingston had 11 grocery stores
with sales totaling $28.3 million.
The rest of the county had $15.1
million in sales for 10 grocery
stores. The county’s 21 grocery
stores sold $43.5 million worth of
Out of Polk County’s 19
automotive dealers, nine of those
businesses were located in
Livingston. The Livingston car
dealers did $25.7 million worth of
business. The remainder of the car
dealers in Polk County did $17.9
million worth of business.
There were eight gasoline sta-
tions operating in town in 1992,
with the same number operating in
the rest of the county.
Eight apparel and accessory
stores and six furniture and
homefamishing stores did business
in Livingston. The publication lists
only one of each of those type of
businesses elsewhere in the county.
Livingston had about half of the
county’s eating establishments.
Twenty-three restaurants did $10.2
million in business in Livingston.
The remainder of the county listed
18 eating establishments, bringing
in $3.1 million in sales.
The publication lists throe drug
and proprietary stores in Livingston
and two in other parts of the coun-
ty. Fifteen miscellaneous retail
stores operated in Livingston in
1992 and seven did business in the
remainder ot tne county.
Out of the 392 cities with
populations of 2,500 or more,
Livingston ranked 130th in volume
of sales for 1992. The city had
$128.2 million in sales.
Polk County ranked 75th out of
Texas' 254 counties in volume of
sales. The county recorded $191.5
million in sales in 1992.
See Page 7A
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Dec. 4, 1994
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White, Barbara. Polk County Enterprise (Livingston, Tex.), Vol. 112, No. 97, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 4, 1994, newspaper, December 4, 1994; Livingston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth782121/m1/1/: accessed August 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Livingston Municipal Library.