The Western Texan (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 42, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 3, 1854 Page: 2 of 4
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Tlwrsrtay i ; t i August 3 I85J.
XTzSC Our jutrnns must pardon us for dis-
appointing thorn o;i. in regard to the lime of
issuing our paper. Great press of business
is our .only cxcu.v.
JCST" We wtl Lho attention of our leaders
to the adurtisanoit itt our paper "valuable
Land for sale."
JC3T" Who will put in a bid for building
" the Episcopa' Church. See advertisement In
IT3T Wo aro uulhoii.cd to announce
JAMES VfVMX. as a candidate for Coun-
ty Commit doiur at tho ensuing August
JB3T Kcport in rrcard to City School and
several other have been unavoidably crowd-
ed out of the present nnnibir they will ap-
pear in our next isMic.
OlOOO Made Easy.
Wo call Lho attention of our readers and
the public pcnerally to the notice of J
M'ClcIIan BACK YOUH JUDGMENT in
our issuo of to-day.
JCS"Wo with great pleasure gate fray to
tho very necessary and valuable article on our
first pagct and wc trust it will bo a sufficient
excuse .thuwtctt for tho small amountjof
5C" Wo call tho particular attention of
our readout to Judge Devincs account of the
S. Antonio and M. G. R. It. Co. from the
commencement and his expose of the vilo
slanders against its members; wo wish them
likewise to read the ''Report of tho special
committee on the Letting of the Contract.
A Rarb Ciiancc If any of our friends
wish to get a good rifle revolver or anything
t'lso in tho line otguns and not pay double
what they are worth jut givo a call at E. 1).
Connelly and D. W. Mathts gun manufaclo-
ry.acrossthostrcctfromGuitbcau'sstorc.Thcy havo purchased the stock they havo on hand
from two of tho best establishments in Phila-
delphia and Now York.
ArnuY. On Tuesday night 2d inst. an
a Tray took placo in San Antonio. It appears
that some little difficulty had taken place a
low days beforo between some of the citizens
and a few discharged soldiers by which the
latter fared roughly. Not to bo caught nap-
ping however they armed tome half dozen
in all and at the time beforo mentioned went
in pursuit of tho enemy and entered several
aaloons charged upon the inmates and dis-
persed them. They were pursued by hevcrnl
citizens armed (wnno say officers also) but
thoy were sure to shift about to as not to be
overtaken. Thesudcsperadoesahout 12 o'clock
at night attacked the res t aura t of Mr. Hickcy
mado a charge shot at several persons who
ly7." !r '" urw'ato Air-'weMnto
ourfnend H.ckcy was not ono of the police
According to previous announcement tho
Uiblo Society of San Antonio met at tho Meth-
odist Church on Sunday 30th inst. Although
the number present wa not larco. thov w.m
persons of practical business habits and tho
very kind neecary. After some very
appropriate remarks by Cupt. IJeck they
proceeded to the election of officers for tho
ensuing year when tho following was the re
Oapt.J. II. Beck. President.
W. Tunstall Viro I'rosidint.
John iicclur Secretary and Treasurer.
It. A. IIenhon ( - ..
J. G. Viall f Excctlv Committee.
E. G. Huan.N J
Many Bibles were distributed by purchafio
and otherwise. Of the male members present
wo noticed three lawyers two printers three
preachers ono tinner two carpenters ono
stone mason three farmprs ono California
gold-digger and three students and also sev
eral intelligent lad.w. A good work lY'cora-
incncod. A Sudden ( hniiEe.
A few days since a .Mexican in San Auto-
nio became violeully siek and as he thought
and many others ho was about to die. Im-
pressed with the certainty of tho death nf hi.
win tho father sent for an undertaker to take
nf IoL8B-- Monday Jly sutult.
the Plaai Jloiwo wasoponed under a new pro-
rnetor; and il happvned to bo our pood for-
. tune to paru: f fomo of the ho.piulities
"ndcr its new pinctor J. T. Wilcox K-q..
and Judging from the quantity quality and
eInt arrangement of tho food under
which the table groaned and the variety and
WW wenrejiwtiried in saying that the IMara
Iloufeis second to do public House in 'JVx-i
ftSt Mild ten Ln. U .1.. .. f
. - - ..-!. mom) irom a distance ni: "rli T;. -;" oy uie oanaish-
who will Tisit our citr irill not Liln n. rtieir character havo no hope of be-
rrord for it. but call and Z ZlL K.!?.!?? of tho tht
. ' . . -" " ""vitKH.
A in One tho irnmrtK. m..!i;t...in e .... ...
irho took dinner at tha ojuning of tho Vhw
l0UKC Under tlin nnn. Ml...- ... .. .
- b v tat
.-. M.ucr uio new proprietor we noticwl
. WTcral distinguished gentlemen from a distance.
rv untiu aewh. mere has been no fin
. portent change at the seat of war in Ku-
.' .'rope since our labt issue.
" - ....
ii Ciipleiu. Tho Cholera is raging to an
wjuiujiugcxicni in several or tho States.
v p - -'"'"J".
X3T Uon'rt (o vote net Monday .j
A DAY VIrtlON.
An honest hard laboring farmer whose
brow was wrinkled with toil but whose mind
and heart cro open to tho liveliest sensibili-
ties and who would giro his last potato he
had in tho world to a starving dog was one
day iondcring over tho antic manocuvcrings
of some people as practiced in politeness poli-
tic nn.l poltroonery around him.
Ho had been wandering in a beautiful and
romantic valley until it cam o to pass that
nature told him ho was sleepy and he nodded
assent and accordingly seated himself on a
rite of ground beneath tho broad-spread foli-
ago of a majestic old post-oak. While seated
in this out-of-the-way-place the rustling of
tho leaves above him tho murmuring of the
waters below and tho braying of a mule
not fir off) together with the music of tho
spheres soothed his mind which had been
excited by a balky horse and lulled him into
a most perfect ' know nothing excitement"
nud behold he was not for ho was In tho land
of dream 4.
To use his own language ho says. "I im-
mediately found myself in the centre of a big
goat pasture; on ono side of which arose an
un-get-ovcrable mountain which before ifl
any one had told mo of I wouldn't have
thought it and on the other sido was spread
around a vast pond as large as a lake. Down
the mountain came a torrent called tho cata-
ract of villainy; and tho sound of tho roaring
waters were echoed back from the distant
.. .Vw. ... .. v ....u.
woods and this meandering stream continued
to roll on and stilt onward until ft landed In
me iroz-nonu ueioro mentioned. Un ono
sidoofthe cataract which camo from tho
tnnnnfnin nnrr itntmrnl tntlia Inmliniv tliA
ton of tho mountain where were a Great many
houses and un these paths wcro-multitudcs
ises and up these paths wcro-multitudcs
ing to climb tho fnountaintfMtt nearest
the cataract couldn't conic it; bjCThe others
went it easy) on tho other side tt was un - gct -
V1I. T tctndnr fidfc tw iiniiefi T
been catimr. so I full nickintr mv teeth with a
feno rail that lay near by awl contracted my' Hs value in ten years. Thus tho State of
brows and drawing my mind to a focus I Massachusetts from her first settlement until
said ami where I ever tise-to-icas. Audit 1840 over two hundred years had accumu-
camo to pass while I was thus querying in a la ted property in value to tho amount of
quadrangular quandry and sitting in a hcter- $285000000; and by tho help of railroads
. I ..;.: t. I- 1 1 frym IQ.m tinttl llii li-ncfint hfnn enf frttit-tAnw
oniicni poHiiiun n person pui ins uanu on my
shoulder saying "Ike old fellow you look
discomboberatcd and you wish to know where
you are and what this all means." I looked
around and there stood Sim Fitznoodlc who I
expected had been dead ten years ago. Says I
1 donH xcant to know nothing shorter. "Well
old fellow" saya he ''take a drink with mo and
I'll explain." I don't drink says I ho then
remarked that it was not liquor but elixir
vitin so he handed me a gourd full tho sizo
of a small washtub sweetened with double
rectified muriatic acid stirred with a moon-
beam and skimmed with a whirlwind.
" Ike you aro a good fellow and I will ex-
plain with pleasure tho logarithmatic specta-
cle you havo seen. Tho view before you is a
picturo of tho surrounding country in which
iritt livn vni)np mmmtiin Knr(m wah iu tlm
a ''" f i - -
fuw of talent. Tho roadn un h- i;ii
- . . ci"
.t to you n jiiBuw ia Min0n .
uphilhhhness of th way and tho many oh-
Ity of arriving at eminence in your
y. Do you seo tho multitudinous
r who are making ready to go up tho
This shows you the multitude of asm.
rants-now. sen how few aro near th inn
aumiou-iar apart and how many near the
base toddle too near the cataract and tumble
tonsv-turvv nnd r r-ri -i. :. :r.
.j ...v.. U11H lia BWllt
waters into the pond ninom tho tadnolcs.
''TnL-n iliiu I.I.K.U Tl ...! mi . .
.- . br.a lfVi- iUIU vuu win men oo
atjje to sec the tmtltimtcnt causa whvRniiinnf
those do not succeed." I took the glass and
such a KiL'ht I nninn num. i :.- !..
was a tinman heme: to sou tlm m.Mina iM..ni
uinaii bcinir to see tho means hm.mi
to hear to allect their purpose by those near
f.t n:..t !...: i .. o "
ie cataract. I he sight overcame nie I was
shout to havo twhydrostaiic9t but my friend
fanned mu with a fan from tho wing of the
bird of Jove made bv a tiu'lnr wlm iiiiMH..i
li-nd . .!.... 1... .......! ...1 ... ...
Optra's noeillu with tho thread or a discourse. !
I jcMiscdated. My friend explained in the
followuiL' manner "Th miiunnu .i
i mu iiu iHuiuisuil l0 HOWl'll with Cle-
of them never arnvo at tho summit are vari-
-Many of them assonn ai Hmv tnrf .. u '
bin. take a diBrt.ii...r :: uT.:rv
; ". "'K "rati." j
miiiio haf an enlargement of their feet iren-
erally called an extensive iindcwtaniin
about the best remedy for this is to uio '
fit . -. .
vp ui wiu inn aim omers who have lost all
hnnn nf .tti.r nn ii...i . 7 '
' lKM)ncs l0 t'lTOV thlnSs 'a the paths ofoth-
Many howcicr went up tho mountain with
scarcely a htrufmlA jinH mm t-c ..i... .
nr uiey generally lolJowed their noso
and kept their ears on the sides of their head
thev sneak nnlv whn tUn. I.. .1
hecauso they generally followed their nn
to say thoy travel in tho ibiy time and have
iiway 01 minuing their own busincs.s.!
m nunc nu 10 anu Denolc
ISOW the rest nf thm ta
jame jntittcal success and
written in tlm .fnurr.! nr
written in tho
Wte IildothePecr and Nickbat
Tbc Heal Value of Itatlroads.
The immense advantages which have re-
sulted to our country during the last ten years
from the influence of steam as applied to na-
vigation and locomotives is almost incalcula
ble. It has entirely changed the character of
trade bv addincrnow imnotun to llin exchange
of commodities and increasing the number of
workshops'ten fold by bringing as it were
within their immediate vicinity an immense
multitude of consumers who before were de-
pendent upon their own skill for the necessa-
ry articles of use. such as clothing imple
ments for agricultural and manufacturing
purposes. Whereas now tho farmer who
lives five hundred miles from the market.
where he wishes to dispose of his produce is
for convenience as near as lie was before at
the distance of thirty miles; and with one
month's labor upon his farm he can procure
tho means to obtain ten times the amount of
necessary articles for U family that he could
before by working at a dozen tradcp.to make
them himself the most of which Ihv never
understood and working too with a multi-
tude of tools which were never m order and
of course the result of his labor was work of
an inferior value compared with that of the
ennt tint? rl horn fit-n mnntr nfhor trmtiw fifl-
"Vil V UlfJ $ A MVlif ftl b ! J wviivi W VM W 4B4-
..tagcs in the application of steam; such as
the opportunities for tho dissemination of
knowledge tho rapid increase of population
by emigration callinc into requisition im
mense quantities of wild land for agricultur-
- - ----- 0
al purposes and opening a ready market for
the produce of agriculture and manufacture
ana mo rcsuu oi au meso is uio jncreabo in
value of real estate to a ten-fold degree.
Let us for a moment see tho effect of Rail-
' roads upon ono portion of our country where
thoy arc in extensive operation; and then wo
thoy arc in extensive operation ; and then wo
' can give a fair estimate what would be tho
direct influence of Railroads in general. The
! railroads of Massachusetts have cost In the
last ten vcars. about S70.000.000 and the
property of tho State real and personal has
increased very near 8500000000 or six times
i '" v-v " ihv v....v d.v VU.M
years nearly as much wealth has been added
to this StatOj as it had acquired during two
The first railroad was built in the United
States in 1830 being four miles in length and
since that time there has been invested in this
branch of business over $400000000 and
more than tribble this amount is now in con-
templation for the same purpose.
The cost of railroads per mile in building
is uncertain and itis almost impossible to form
even an average estimate. Says J. C. G.
Kennedy Esq. in speaking upon this subject
"no average can bo assumed as applicable lo
tho whole country. Tho cost of the roads in
... .... ...... j ..-..
New England is about $45000 per mile; in
Now York Pennsylvania and Maryland about
$4UUUU per mile." in spcaumg oi railroad
fflniJnniL. he father remarks: "in the
rather remarks: "in the
i ;L ! :!!.. .'. . .T vw.
! kl'WlllUtv. B.lu. ..... ..
"i'"iHifc utiiii mac inc lvnter flnpA nnt In
' tend to be included. Bi "d FJ?. ".t. '"
" imnoni m the money inVrket.ai-
r.wiln.ilM.: V " . v. '.""-'"'I
...h .! uui inait'naiR ami lahor. For
! which hu Pta keW 'r: h"' UidV"
was ma(1' W0lM increase tho above estimate
tw.'ntv;nvo Pcr r"t. Another important con -
SJ'V! 'I?"" .?
as an arem '. r iJlJ.t "T-. V.nt
II --B- -""- jniiU'illiN HDVT fi
wnm n "P CIaSfi railroad must exceed an
puei irom an ant mntiP nnw i. f-ii...r-
I schedule which
I of tnnlciiir Inliwl
PVr ml0 or ten dillcrent railrnnfln in thn
tc'1 sJftM. A.? which in a great mea -
sure run throimh a hi Iv fnimt' .i i u..
flvo through a level country.
Name of Company Lriisth Coat
IIiiiUiii Hivr iu " 17 7H0OM
Alhnnv&HchFnrriniiv 17 l'7io'l50
Uoitoiiund Wnrri-.trr 41 iHnu
E1"! I'iiuiMir 100 aoaw.M
iT.AI l!'y nJslem1 173 " 4.(nuii7
M-i'ifiw&si'ndurtr ss iJm
MlrhJraiiSnuthf rn fiit u o". ."..-
a j. 'Mil
..--- --... w.w U.IJU VJI1 "II J "I
Averacccostnermilfllnhiiiw.AM... oine ot
'"vingcTOsimr mucin Jcvclcountrr 3
Th.. w J. r "-"unirj t o
"s ue can form a very near estimate
wut ll wu cost to build a railroad
In our State as in others there tf of i
whospringupand oppose improTcme wl
this kind and thus injure the State
Citizens infihnlino 1. .!... c
citizens including themselves. Some
irom mere motivnsnr unw tii.
they cannot understand its immense
Tf ' i ' .rom ine wct "
?- succe5 H ln maling it a e
I Speculation to mtthfirmrn twi-
J8 RmI a . from tho fact tl
r in th cnd mount o nothing and in
X "'.'""" "7 JP .e wll leny "" oflVr . VuT- ." Vl S ' V"!' aiW'of our people we mteht well assi.lmties of a L 5 7 K "T&T' TL. S uPP'nj P'anter with
I it was a div.m. K.:""'! "vrr " ruroa(1. Mailroat U hi t l "cxrj r. . " . """'' uiiincii ceticcliara- ..Km.! Stni nr th c.i. . ini.:mn. iii.. .' : ."V. """r v'" "-"-""?'" uur ins siock. itcan ba eath.
of tho votarie f T2 ". ."iici csuso of the wealth of several A?Te"t lunnB .nic I Jwto held it- call Texri.unZTZZ ." ;" T" "Y il 1' '"' ' ". ". ""r "1 ' .glory ereu ana nousea m a few days without that
tact .tnii.... inooiner SUes. and they t.y tnn k. "'ueiy cTcnjne mauco ol the uredsau- H'lmVi 1 ' nv'.r i " S. us"rlal":o oi ner chanco exposure negroes aro comnclfed ' to unrl.rm Tn
nix. 1.tl0K.n.ot adopted in 7ir..'.n .1 .f ..?'." l00nbe derersof the LeA-crto nut their flnr . -l Lat he "cas.tu.Ra scoil into the mor- pro.luct.ons. She scattero the seeds of ceni.ia the fodder fTel!. hW n"..:.0 'TJP. ia
italS? ? C J- ." SUrSta the'pride. one of my omcul acts oUntr ' "' " CMZSti? 3T!l'? JV F !"" -in causes 3
1 " "' "" UUW" San Antonio July nZwiT"- KV f-'r .ored State.- HV (WIC I some be chokcTbyhTthoVnnd l.nbTc telowhig so VJehCSltTufiSiS
Written fart! Weitern Texan
IVAIINEH CflUNTY July 9th 1854. I
Messrs. Ui7or. Your lato brief visit to
the new county of Karnes gave you no op-
DOrtunitv of forming tli( ftpniifiintnnrfl nfthn
citizens of our young and prosperous county1
but worn In hopes that your late visit will '
lift rPIlfitCfxl aL t)innrlirt( (nnvnmAnt nnnn.
"" -..-.-...v- ......v.. Wyjw i
tunity and if possiHo prolong your stay.
by 009 of its first setters. In March '53 a
traveler passing frcm Corpus Christ! via Go-
liad to San Antony stopped for tjio night at
Helena al hatJiap nsjieihought a very
poor propcci fimiro town. Helena then
contained three Jcals and a store. In fact
the store was all to town and here congre-
gated nightly thcfihabitants to discuss mat-
ters and things In emend pertaining to tho
more important affurs of the nation and
lectio of bald faccUouble rectified in particu
lar. Ono month jflicr tho traveler returned
and through the influence of a friend he was
induced to camp fonawhilo at-lcast but with
reluctant will. NowIet us us look at Hele
na July '54; thrco stores two houses of en
tertainment gun smith two blacksmiths two
groceries stonclmasons carpenters a flour-
ishing school of 40"&cholars and tho samo
range of countywhiSb in '53 voted 20 votes
can now poll 300. lelena precinct votes over
one hundred; Gillr about thirty; Cibolo
botween forty and ty and other precincts
about the same. T&ro is more go-ahead-it ire'
ness in Karnes than in some of the old States
Varmount not excepted
Goliad has awakened from her Rip Van
Winkle sleep and armed herself for the con-
test and for tho past twelve months perma-
nent and b 'autiful residence havo sprung up
on every side. Her schools can now vie with
any in the State. Tho late examination of tho
Female Seminary passed ofT in such manner
as to givo full satisfaction to the friends of ed-
ucation. Goliad can-boast of some of tho
best performers on tho Piano Forte in tho
State. This I can say without fear of contra-
diction. Wealthy and permanent" settlers are rapid-
ly settling on both sides of tho San Antonio
river where the lands are not in litigation
and wc believe from some of the late decis-
sions of tho Supremo Court all these titlo
once in dispute arc now getting rid of this in-
cubus and certainly it is a lovely valley on
which the smiles of nature play with roman-
tic loveliness. Relieve me gentlemen a dif-
ferent race of people are settling in here
from those who havo had possession of this
lovely country for the last half century and
consequently the talent which they buried in
the earth is being taken from them and given
to them who have ten talents.
Now you must not think San Antonio con-
tains all the beauty of the valley. From Go-
' Had some distance up there are some as
handsome prairie Jloxccrs as blooms in this
' prairie land or the Northern climes. I dont
"sk any oi you cnaps 10 uiko my word lor u
iJst come down and sec and you will boa
tjust come down and sec and you will boa
i nu meets.
firi... '". - !
i"r mo present oaioff.
7'rt ih rr..a r i
" '""'"i fmiii!
in an extra published at
- ffico S''V Im ' t I am assailed.
amI an nPPcal niadc to y
to tno o!Iice have held f
' l!'rofih J'0r "W
"load contract par
. .. ' -"--
" w " ""Tcouiu comroi the live hund
- T W"ch th fa ll .-
extend the contract n(( in nn.i : :r
- . ' " "VVI fc II wes-
ma hcious falsitv nf nm- phnMA r n.: i.
1 1 would refer you to (he vote I cast as PI Lr
J "v ulc caRl as vnie!
? . co at "10 Iast cction for tho Hoard of
Directors (against Thos. J. Devine. ono of
writing these articles purporting to nmfnu
from the pen of the sago editor or other anon v-
lnous dribblers who are afraid to put their
I names to tho articles lest the people would bo
enlightened and there hv rp . :....
that actnatond govern them in their onno-
suion 10 my eiecuon their motto is rule or
I came toTprjmi'n nmvMrlclf; ...i.:.i.
the small band of men who wrested from tho
of a iynni thistown and have resid- "oi
cvcr 1 then in Western Texas. I do tho
sa' tms " ih tho v'enr of claiminff any sho
thftrnm nPnlil Trt.v.: i... .
........ vAii3iiiuuul. JJQX
iiavinrr Krrn in nna nr
w-.. ... wt
iugiTuyuu.m-a vi me rapm progress roadmen and will show it to be so. Mr.
of Karnes county it is only necessary to givo R.Henry candidate for sheriiT-a Ledger
yon a brief notice of Helena the countv seat. 0n i t a ...uiir n . M:irtni i
rr- . -.:-?- .
I IIITI I nn' - - nn I I .1 1. n l.iritnil .... I .11. . - .. . .. .
imv vr-" tn mu attention ot juWI u unuurwisy suiting that Messrs.
33 every unoiasea otiren of the county if after u1fs.Hnu uuvmei curing last year (in New
of the perusal of the Ledgerforover a ycarpast. I rlrX. r ?-1
in Texas whether or not iis same clique have not done that sum ThewmiawTfin is for th in
s different cv7 lhine iutjieir power to blast the credit subst:co by the Editor in last Sunday's ex.
Zrak frain We think it ttSSfeS
a i...'? "O- n J" "J CL" ?"?!?. V' tonod an 1 moDoirricl Yso K d ll Zr I Nature 7; o '' .1 .Jr " r?L.t ".'i?0 and gith-
Messrs. Eotrona: An attempt is made
hv flint nntnrioneltf viMfirinnvnrfnt. e xh.
erj lo sjI0W that it3 men ttre anti-railroad and
their opponents are railroadmen. As a warm
ri-..i .: n i t t ..
be compelled to state that the opponents of tho would like to hare their ( views also upon a
Unncd Slates agent Mr. G. T. wflnj
-. ... . t '
ana Mr. J. ic. sstceet ("mo went ana
Lcft Bowers" of tho Lcriccr) arc notallrail-
has never paid a dime of city or county rail-
road tax. On account of the great interest
in the matter ho is anti-railroad. Hi's oppon-
ent W. B. KnorrrV not a subscriber to tho
road and was one of the eleven who voted
against tho county's subscription ; he is no a
railroad man. J M Carolan candidate for
District Clerk is a Ledger man)" he sub
scribed some two years ago to flvo shares
tho road and has never paid a ccntttit
subscription neither has he paid a city or
countv railroad tax; he is "anti-railroad" on
account of his great interest and expenditure.
His onnonent J. S. McDonald subscribed to
live fahares and has promptly paid his in
stalments. It a strict ami nonoranio com
pliance with a man's liabilities m.daw him a
railroail man ne is one. j. m. iionngucz
candidate for assessor and collector is "a
Ledger man" and a subscriber to five shares
in the road: ho has promptly paid his eu-
stalmcnts. I do not know that he in interest
ed in Mr. West's clique other than bcimr
their instrument m securing Mexican rotes.
His opponent C. D. Lytic has not subscribed
for a single share in tho road : Query what is
he? Mr. Truehcart "a Ledger man" candi-
date for county clerk. has- subscribed for a
few shares in tho road o has his opponent
S. S. Smith. They aro both delinquent stook-
payers: place them where you like. R. E.
Clements candidate for Chief Justice was a
subscriber lor a few shares of stock in the
road and wa sold out over a year ago be-
cause he would not pay. He has not paid a
city or county tax therefore he is down on
the road. J." D. McLeod. his opp tnent is a
subscriber to tho toad for a few shares. He
has naid his instalments like McDonald. If
an honorable complianco with a legal obliga-
tion can make him a railroad man ho is one.
A Friend op-Railhoads ano Justice.
Now Is the Time
In our present issuo will be found entire
tho lato treaty with Mexico which after
lengthy proceedings has been finally consum-
mated. This treaty has been effected in a
very favorable time for tho United States ow-
ing to the embarrassed state of affairs in Mex-
ico and for this reason it has been procured
on very favorable terms although no advan-
tage was taken j a proposition was made by
the United States and after concessions made
by both parties it was accepted by Mexico.
There is not a State in tho Union that will be
so immediately benefitted by this treaty as
Texas as one important treaty was to pro-
cure a route for the great Pacilic Ilaihoud
which will ruu through Texas. It will have
a tendency to hasten the settlement of the
northern poition of our State and there will
immediately boa tide of emigration flowing
B.. - ....fc ..i ti.ie destined to
ncss in our State to open a market for us
on tlm Piirinn. mid nUn in Yt. .... r. ...:.
.. --.... ..v.. . .niiLiii; II Hill Ylfll
long been idling them with a rod of r 7
U W" nM "" nortIw Sta' i of MU
ro opportunity of eomin- intn th.. n..
! eimii.i J.i. .. .. : -"-
! their wav intntlm nnn 0.i:.i r..- I;
Hack Your Judgement
r San Antonio Aug. 1st. 1854.
Messrs. Eddors; I have noticed at various
times articles in tho Saw Antonio I &
-. -. ..... .u 1Mmu.iiiiii- AUgUSl
elections tho Temperance Question is to bo
VUICU On. It O KtlOW not llOW Mm IiMrntu aM
to be written but the question at issue is
"quart law or no quart law." No friend "nf
present awl tuturc welfare of the Stato
should forget or neglect to bo at tho ballot-
thx on that day. It is quite a favorable indi-
iv - -wmm-wmwm w m TlfllSfti LJ !&? l'l'll VI llfll
1-31 1 inn mar. irnm ivnif nn imitrt ......
ituliuii LiiaL. irmn ivnnr wt imva c-aa.. -:
...i il.i e . i . -
comin? to the State thomaioritvof th.Tn.
' - -. uvvt. oittvu
nnnnr. ia h tl.n .:.l -:.i .- .
frum the Oalvemu Kpwi.
Catholic views of the American School
Messrs Editors: As in jour last paper
you cave us Catholic views 6ftho Cuban
question. "1 havevthought your reauers
From "The Tablet" a Roman Catholic
paper published at Chicago.
"If any Catholic hitherto ignorant of duty
in the matter.' desirous to know whether
he can with 3d conscience patronize an
cd or gV
ftccn.oniy ay a worn io nis
he informed that the voice
tcard usaln and ncain. and
he whole fachmno. of mix-
anil itt .author and
mistake ahout this.
gives no uncertain
tf the AKstIes speaks
ittiiinniigriug tongue. Peter
and that voice offiolicitudc. vig-
J authority has flown across tl"o
nding waves of seas and oceans and
toed hcartilv bv tho nvpmU..! lnor
av ' of the Uiyted States as well as by the
biidiops individually speaking ft om the pul-
piinuu uiruujiii uiu prvss. uuuiuuc uisuops
pasiors juuniuiisis ivnuug tur uiu general
approbation of bishops havo agitated tho
" question from ono end of the hind to the oth-"-
cr until there is hardly an excuse on the sub
ject iiyuurhoii or uauguiei- is uueiming ;i
Suite School von are certain that you are vi-
olating your duty as a Catholic parent and
conducing to the" everlasting anguish and des-
pair of our child a if you could take your
oath of it 1 You ousht not to be able to rit
an instant to bargain labour tecreate eat
drink sleen. with common comfort until vein
havo removed your son from that npioximatu
will carry to his grave and into the cndlcst
worm ucyonu tet nun raiuer never
how to write his name or snell his wav
tho anger of his God ami the loss of his soul.
Take him away let what will be the cousc-
a era in. st them and it ia to he warred cvidcntlv
V 1 ---- - - - - - - - C1
until thev aro destroyed or nut under Cath
olic or Jesuitical control. Friends of a gener-
al sound republican education aio you wil-
ling that vow schools should he demolished
ne uranneu as "intniei scnooi3." as schools ot
inSnain or Italy or Mexico where tho masses
hicl'iossIv icnorant. vieious.suiierstitions.cn
iL-in...i p i .. . - ..
o h-r - looU rXL t liIIS?n S ami none
.nl.uA K T ttt Tj
1 1 SCAIt.
it in - . . " .?""" '' whom
y..iu.UBii. jjirij- squinting and peculiar he
fell upon his seat an overdone libber hi-
coughn? th0 h of hs Qwn Q hw
disiwl lZ"in S.rS?. S& -
o.r;n-; j ii "-i-"-"' "" i"" i ureeenes
line of this extraordinary ilninknnl. tl.o moot
tho Z uy' lT' ""lt in tllu al'n;lls f
which n.-knojrlu.l-o.l o superiority-he com-
mwcl lmblaa-1. a W- hy trah. a
i .'' . ."' 'w"" "- ins wage. ne
riisheflinfn tin. Iifif.tnim wh. - ' i
i".'""" ""hi n iuuivaiikii out lit t UUia-
whinncd his wifmin rim tvmu nrn hnA.
I... .Vl :.!... ' . " "uiiunci
wucincr amid hrnthar rirnnk-inld in o .i:i.
oron a dunsrhill he seemed never to ha snW
-.......... 111 u I1IIL1I
anduverl.iitIn(vU ilfunlf rru ...1.-1
. ""ov . mu niiuiuarmy 01
ipplers vvou lered at beholding the Immonsl-
v of w draughts and tho velocity with
which ho .Inink them. Scepticism bowed tn
the prod.g.cs of ln performances-a qmrt of
raw rum assumed tho air of moderation nor '
. w. x..vtWUiJ) 1Vii;U mu worm
saw a mender of shoes drink thrco quarts
wiUut a stagger. All lioftoiroofautiqui-
.. :r u " ' " r """V r- . """ & !
-....-... n ... I
ouuiion oi spiritual ruin in winch twru.iiiYT" ".st-ssv; ' JJi7U"y' HWJnQ'i.iV11 IW
: .i .' t .i i..i... i.. .... i... ... How manv of our niouworthodoxcler p "
placed him. Do you wish him to bo a reput- ! every year fall like stars that set to n
able thriving member of society? a commit "J?? ihc illustrations might bo nHuti-
ntul prop to your old age 1 an honor to your ' Pf to. ? indeflnitc exlont.
name ? but. above all. a Catholic man and an Kj?1 '"" ftmng V IS ob.vloP8' ?r.an;
heir of Heaven? Take him away from that of lll(; lls .f !! mu-t be home m tho spirit of
school. Perhaps ho has alieadv contracted t ? cnm' !eJ0cinK submission .to the will of
iWfUr:M i..fMi ..:....:. j.. ...u:..t. i... ' Heaven because we nre acouainteu with no
1114 1-flViI VI tf VI tt ItlllMVl 111 lllb IIIVOl II IIUII I1W
thiouL'h the nlaincst narairranh of a uewsna- ??$
per or perform the sunpliest calculation than uw ? to wnsliiit con tiiuiiiiB a popn ft.
become the bound and chained slave of satan "" w k'n 8 Iiat ( PlUf ne(Lnp ?$
than rise up at the last dread day of account a4ml)ton' Vn! nto p"ch a P'acc SOO.or 1000
to you in all the unavailing repentance and ;UJC as ipnorant poor nnd iinitna illed
bitterness of linal despair. Take him away ' fr wlf-povermneiit as thegenerahty -of s aves
if you do not wish vour bed of death to ho UKiana. Innddition. supnose this town
frtrt....Ai uk tin :. w.nf o crt..i ...i.ui. . be compelled to support or look on and seo
God has given you as a sacicd trust surren- " "vc- 1C c?.nn01 n" ulcintm (.lt
dered to the great enemy of mankind. Take ' J?. cr place. Cncuinstanccs act ally
him away and let him be a boor a hewer of l"'1. ' ' "' what way could these
wood ami a drawer of water; let him incur white inhabitants extricate themselves from
tho scorn of an enlightened age j let him bo ' th34 M"1 hy they miht all ouu-
accounted by lettered infidels and heathens B.ralc. l their houses ond various posses-
Wl bill VU (T till Klli OWVUL Ui fUlll II I 1 1 II. . .. . Ill fit
nn v nn lminrnnr 1'nmt.T rninnr t inn iiipnr .
A . . i a a IT l m In BaF4 fB I Mi lrk i m W nrrtrl S
Thus our American freo School Svslem . IM1U ua lui'. w "uumi.u.
its friends aro condemned and denounced I strain then from doing mischief and at tho
the IWand by tho Uoinan Catholic pul- sano iimcnirc tiie.r comiomme suosist-
and press! Yes Itotnu Ikis declared war I c"e- "'r.IH ur WI0"S' "l LUUl.l."u "!"
vice and every evil tendency and where Sa- nS? U1C UUI1' iwo-tniras tne enure pop-
tan hold undisputed sway? Such seems to ll1at0J ?p lnIore ftro African. If they were
be the charitable opinion and sentence of the not MJhjectwl to a reasonable servitude what
Pope and the whole church. Where I ask ! "ould be their fate? Speedy destruction.
are thgih better schools? Where their mod- -no- W one letrpf'cm c scnt t0 f1 fr?e
el schools? Are they in Infidel France or colony in Africa. Uhis is not now within the
wcm11 is miercst ne to nnfirn hn 01 loi rier. Hnm .;. ...i r. '
KOmiVV . . ennm nltnnot tnHAnL l i tit.. f 1 . . ".' o """ M"n-
of early adversity yet others will now and
4 li An ! til a An(n nnn inln 4 lift AlAlts nf ItlA
ii iv 1 1 riimu luuif villi iiiiv uiu wibiia ui mw
rock struggle bravely up nto sunshine and
spread over their sterile birth-place all tho
beauties of vegetation. Washington Irving
Mr Clapp on Slavery.
Wo find in tho Roston Trumpet another
letter from our excellent townsman on the
subject of ''Erroneous Impressions on Slave-
ry" which e have pleasure in transferring to
our columns: xem
PirrsFiEi.D Mlrs.. June 18 1854." '
Brother IVhiftmorc I rejoice in tho be-
lief that the leadinir minds of New England
are actuated hy the purest motiyej.jor princi-
ples when dealing out their wholesale denun-
ciations with respect to tho above namcd.ton-
ics. Rut I feel quite sure that the'! liold.'m
general certain doctrines conccrniag1 them
which are essentially incorrect:
1st. Christians and philanthropists at tho
North take it for granted because slavery .is
a great evil both physical and moral it is
sinful for the Southern States to keep tho Af-
ricans among them in bondage. Is it not self-
evident that God in his wise providence has-
...v . wiuiuumu ui tt UN IU WHICH It IS
our duty to submit in patience on the ground
that at present it is not in our power to-re-movc
or overcome them? Tho Scriptures as-
sure us that man was placed on earth to bo
mortal fallible Mnful and suffering. No
doubt the Divine pin pose in all these particu-
lars will be fully and gloriously accomplish-
ed. Take an instance of my meaning. Tho
best man in Massachusetts has a body whoso
appetites and passions whatever tnav be the
. ...1 ....trt.... .. ...t.:i. .1
pu'i i"iiywsi-a iui wjuuii uiey wore given aro
a constant source of peril to his moral and
spiritual interests. Nothing but death can
deliver him from this evil. What forms of
ignorance urease and depravity prevail m
means by which they can ho eradicated.
- ocs 'o ah loan nonuagc you may asit
. come under tins category in reply i wouiu
imagmo a small area equal in size to a
.-... - -.- .tlj .. j
But if they staid at home absolute necessity
would require them to set these colored per-
sons to work on tho farm in the shop or
vmi irnnlfl sn m:vtir cfirnivornnR amtnaiq.
For thirty-three years I have been called to.
reside where the state of society corresponds
almost exactly with the imacinary picture
just sketched. In many of the States border-
vast majority of tho plant-
? " ' " t means requb
'"'why not ll"".
"- notJt "ien.nl!ow thei
requisite to transport
them to run away
' "u see
a fortune fnr (lnit...i i .i
1 ii.L o u-.i V -ii-"-iw mihto iney
m me Aorth seem qmto unconscious of: they are
. tint nine B'nhi1 ili Hitin. linn nf . IkhiI1? .tfiBBiBil
ot in no omcr way except oy Killing mem as
1 i.in i-inlrl uti miiiii. norrnrM-Aiie flniinila
limits ot nossibi htv. At soinu future dav it
bo done. A
New Or- r
your embrace with the same w
which you inaniie ' wher!- alacrlJran
r(.vu a n luj opening your ;
t would be to prove fo.! J.ll r
" ut u-unwrneu f i am full v 11 .!
Mtion could meliorate tlm ? S " r "i
cooml brell at "'0 South bv removing '
U"-n wlic-ro they n'ou- aro till wavs and
im-nmcui ho reve.Ud to transport hm?o
lw" uy wincn inev can reach a liichcr s.itrt
nf I. ...: r ' .. . '"finer Mato
Growth of miiih '
f t n r r-. . -.
.ui. uumus l. uciv nney a few davsKtncA
scnt us a specimen of his Ll .nniet? Upon
examination tho stalk was fouVid t(f boXr
feet lone and tho ear ono foot and a half It
is said that Mr. McICfnncy's whole cron con
Kitting of a number of ncn will S Mo
capacity 01 1110 uoiorauo lands A rrrnnf
quantity of millet has been raised this year
by the planters of Travis atTtho averao
J !"? tobe'n"mntaK
': I"-r acre uiir soil appears to be necu.
. n .I-- .. .
TV. bercn ?f.nou'n t0 faiI- The is but little
(Io4.h' ?r miLet swperawlinB entirely the uro
i-j - ..u.i - .. vviiiuiiiia u 111 in: 1 1 it fa iw nnnn
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The Western Texan (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 42, Ed. 1, Thursday, August 3, 1854, newspaper, August 3, 1854; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth78324/m1/2/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.