The Plow Boy (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 1, 1869 Page: 3 of 8
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UmUUUUUUUUUUUUUWm young gmssiiopBn3p?fu.
HlHPIKom indi- while tlicrc :up nono oth'd place bo-
MmMWa WWKS; n ..'--".-.-. '" -itWOOll Win
Identity of Intwont. ymt.'ll.id im i. Night llonbuuo
Im n j
stales morolv to pL1 &min n tno !lRt "m . l" . ' "A'1'1"
' u. i:.. is univ unu iimniv iii :i i
!.... .. I... .civiui iioviiiw uiauuursus ..." . ' i
noauou is u'iv . .
li ft M lin niiltinn nhrtTtt ttlfltll 1I1Wlli
litctl r . 1: v it i i t
1 41.11 uruiiiiuv luuimb in Jiiuiiuiu. iiv-
ui ur. ... .. . ;-
'inn- n.l. liiw hol.nl in llin wcalt iv nnarter
tou4 1 0f London or visiting at tlio country
' seats of tlio nobility and gentry sees
nothing of tlio maladies and perils of
English society. At one extreme of
that society is colossal almost fabu-
lous wealth fortunes the amount of
which surpass the powers of enjoyment
of any ten or any one hundred human
beings. At the other exirome is a mass
of poverty and suffering daily increas-
ing and as unparalleled in its magni-
tude as the wealth. While a Marquis
of Westminster a Lord Derby or a
Lord Overstone is drawing his $1000-
000 or 82000000 a year 1100000 per-
sons are normally living in a stale of
penal pauperism ; several millions more
in fact the whole peasant population
are always within sight ot the same
state ; and if a peasant lives to old age
the workhouse or out-door relief ad-
ministered under penal conditions is
not only his ordinary but almost cer-
tain doom. Close to the palaces of
Dolgravo Square and the sumptuous
club houses ol Pall Mull lie tracts sel-
dom visited by the stranger but equal
in extent to cities which are Ihe teem-
ing abodes ol' ignorance iilth and des-
titution. The other great cities of
England exhibit a similar spectacle. In
what condition both in point of materi-
al coinlort and civilization the mass ol
the Irish people are no American needs
to be told. Vagrants and mendicants
who are frequently also thieves abound
upon the public ways : and in the ino-
tiopolis the criminal part of the popu-
lation has grown so strong and so con-
scious of its own strength that the
police begin to cower and outrage
stalks the streets with impunity at mid-
day. Close to the centre of civiliza-
tion lie hordes of barbarians who know
no law but force to whom government
ii simply repressive and whoso upris
ing il it over in any special season of
suileriiig or excitement should occur
would bo as fearful as the invasion of
an Attila. The artisans of the manu-
facturing districts stand of course on
a different level and are much more a
law to themselves ; but the slate reli-
gion lias wholly failed to leach them
and the ascendancy of the social over
the selfish and sensual impulses in their
character rests on a precarious futindu-
lion. The land of the nation the
distribution of which is the strongest
guarantee tor tlio loyalty ol the pco
pie and the stability of the social fab
ric is lifing rannlly engrossed by
small number oi proprietors ; the inde
pendent yeomanry once the sinews of
the English strength and the pillars of
English law and legality have entirely
disappeared ; and the nation will soon
be a tenant at will on its own will. Pe-
dantic economists in England will tell
you with perfect complacency that
these things arc the natural results of
certain economical causes. A physical
malady is the natural result of certain
physical causes but if neglected it
may be death. All thoughtful Eng-
j lishmen are beginning to be sensible of
these things and to desiri on social
grounds and entirely apart from any
merely theoretical preference for demo-
cratic institutions a Government na-
tional enough and strong enough to
grapple with the peril in the interest
of the whole community and to divert
the whole public resources and energies
from waste and folly from Oaflir war
Canadian fortifications and Abyssinian
expeditious to the real and pressing
needs of our suffering and iniperillod
flio cs lo f rank in li
ir mmiiio rt uiai tm re
rtn uliir class
residing in a town. A partner must
then be found for any vi the marriage-
able sons and daughters in some other
locality. Thus if th Governor at
Nagaski has grown up children
must make alliances for them among
the children of some poison of equal
rank and as there is no one near whoo
position is similar In hi own an
eligible party or parlies has to bo
sought for at a distance. Marriages
generally take place at an early age.
When a youth has seen a maiden
whom ho wishes to make his wife
plucks a branch from a shrub ('the
Cde.ifus claluc) and fastens it to the
doorway of her parents' house. If
the young lady does not reciprocate
Ih'h affection she leaves the branch to
wither and die and the lo or knows
his s lit is rejected without being sub
jected to (ho disagroableness if a voib-
u rclusal ; if on the contrarv she is
willing to become his bride she blaclc-
ous her teeth
engagement. Such an evident siVii of
betrothal prevents any other lover
making the mistake of nroferiua: hit
Wo reecho and induno the follow-
ing from the L'1 urinous louie Journal
iriutc(l at Lexington Ky. It hits
our own cae precise
Il appeals to us ljj
tion must convince
ho i especially those en
i i.'... .:.. .n i.
111)1 UUIIltUIl IHH'lilSB
jdred pursuits thij
write to- us finquoiirfji
selves communion lv:
the results of their J
lo me uuormatioii tiq
ute materially nota
paper more interest
lender but to beiichl
miirht crowd our ct
drawn theories audi
lumo iti vnliwin "
lilVMlC? Ill IViULlUll p'
sumoots mil nion 4
ol' our readers won J
. i i -.
and thus proclaims her vim B. uiiproiua
.. . .i.i. i ..:.. .mi
mill i nf rmf ivn :. .-
we desire to makeS' J
terestiiig to iucrtilj-
r.. -..i .
uauiuuiuaf nun. '-jji
wore eilectively s.)'L
ol tho meat niK-
that wo apjyal
What it Takes to Make a Man.
Heading makes the learned man
writing the correct man conversation
tlio ready man and thinking the pro-
found man. All these combined
make the complete man.
ITiuit is gold in the morning silver
at noon and lend at night.
Physicians say an hour's sleep be-
foro midnight is worth two hours
To bo easy all niglit let your sup-
per bo light.
ys cool on in a warm room
thou a man diligont in busi-
lo shall stand before Kings.
stand beforo mean men.
ind early to rise will
suit to a lady whose promise has
been already given. Friends of both
the lovers are then summoned to dis-
cuss the arrangements for the wedding
to settle the terms ol the marriage
contract and to choose two auspicious
days from tho almaun the fiisl
for an interview between the betrothed
pair and the second for the wedding.
The bridegroom next sends valuable
presents to his future wile who gives
then to her parents. The part -its then
make a suitable return to their future
son-in-law. The young lady burns all
her childish toys to intimite that her
girlhood is over and thai &ho must
now attend to the serious business of
life. Her parents give her a handsome
wedding dress and some useful articles
of furniture which always include a
spinning wheel loom and culinary
utensils of all of which the future
wife is supposed to know how to make
practical use. These present; are con-
veyed with much state and ceremony
to tho bridegroom's house on tho wed-
ding day and there exhibited to the
Marriage is considered a civil con-
tract but it is usual to call in tho
priests of tho religious soct to which
the families belong to enumerate the
nuptials. Prayers are ollured bene-
dictions are bestowed and bridal
torches arc kindled ; the bride's is
lighted from the lire on the altar the
bridegroom's from her's. The mean-
ing of this is both obvious and noetic.
The bride is dressed enliiely in liito
and covered with a veil which is care-
fully preserved when the wedding
ceremony is over and laid by till her
death. It is then used as a shroud.
It is said that the wedding veil is
reserved for this melancholly purpose
in order to remind the young- wife that
she is now dead to her father's homo
Arrayed in fine white garments she
is seated in a kind of sedan chair and
escorted by her relatives is carried to
her now homo. Upon reaching it still
covered with the veil and accompanied
by two young girls she passes into
tho principal room where the bride-
groom sits awaiting her and surrounded
by his parents and irionds. In tho
centre of this room stands a table
upon which aro some small figures
representing a fir tree a plum tree in
blossom a crane and a tortoise em-
blems respectively of man's strength
woman's beauty and along and happy
Upon another table stands bottles
and cups. Tho bride approaches this
table and commences her wifely duties
by pouring out sakeo and distributing
cups of it among the guests. Many
minute forms are carefully attended to
in this pouring out of wino in which
the bride's-maids who are lanoilully
called butterflies take a dibtmguished
part as this drinking of wine completes
tho bridal ceremonial. three days
to us fienue.
one man to .-.
one fanner 1
wheat or cm
horses will pi
to hundreds ol
tho writer may
and reflections v.
aro deteied from ..
Don't let that! .'
longer for as '
We woi '
them to iiu!i
their advice b 't . -
formation in lel:;
with which they u ;
we can enlist tbu. it.
a nee of the poopW
our paper wnat we .
We sincoiely desire w
interests ol agnculUr-
ciatcd pursuits to pH!-;
perity and we have
best of our ability w ..
i little re hec-
wz a':d km-
'i suoicets ot
forest to fheni-
li other vulrui-
.vouhl conn m-
to render oui
to the general
v with linelv-
iK modes of
is ami other
in be wearied
is just because
m per moie in
3)!o it to woik
Li.irm is fiuil
It hers to write
line ami men
fo opinion of
atnotHN and Iheu plenty ot vinegar
and w Hi r or lemonade.
M mhi coins when poisonous ; give
cmotis and then plenty of vinegar
and water w ilh doses of ether if
Nitrate of Silver (lunar caustic ;)
give a strong solution of common salt
and then emetics.
Opium ; th sot give a strong emetic
of mustard and water then strong
enflee and acid diiuks ; dash cold wa-
ter on the head.
Laudanum : same as opium.
Nux Vomic i ; iirst emetics then
Oxalic Acid (fiequently mistaken
for Epom salts :) remedies chalk
magnesia or ramp and water ami
other soothing drinks.
I'russie Acid : when there is time
administer ohlnrine in the shape of
soda or lime. Hot brandy and water
hartshorn anil turpentine uie also
Snake Biles. &c ; fily immedi-
ately strong hartshorn and take it in-
ternally ; also give sweet oil and
stimulants freely apply a ligature
tight above tho part bitten and then
apply a cupping glass.
Tin tai Emetic; give large doses
of tea made of galls Peruvian barks
or white oak baik.
Venligus ; plenty ot white ol eggs
While Vitrol ; give the patient
plenty oi mill: and water.
books studvinc Ilim
every denartmentof labor
their progress in rosncctnbl
tulness and worth.
To tho intelligent gentleman
farm holds out far more delightful
ducemeuts llimi any trade. IleO
tors the profession with a desiic xmv-
deleriuination to clevale it and hif"-
succeeds too just in proportion ton'
liib general culture. Opportunities n
for agricultural training are opening
over the wholo country and parents
would do well to place in tho hands
of their sons scientific books and
pipers if they wish them to remain
on the farm ; also give them an op-
portunity to attend a course ol lec-
tures on agriculture.
Your children would soon look
with altered eyes upon the farm life
and what a di Heron l aspect would
many a farm house wear ! Throw
about your children all those helps
and encouragements to service so
reasonable so delightful so profitable
if you would have your farms
blossom like the rose and your homes
and hearts busk in the sunshine of
happiness and prosperity. T. S. II.
in Country Gentlemini.
h any partic-
i. Many m-
e cause I hoy
Drying Swoot Potatoes.
it to be.
"' ' t $
Poisons and Ay
The following list Ki"f ;
more common poisons ' ' '
dies mobt likely to be a
of need. Tho directior!'
but in case you happen f
strong dose of poison duv.jp.'
not object to a cuie ou acc'
Acids : theso cause arauv
sensation of burning pain "
mouth down to tho stoiuach
edies ; magnesia sola j)eikV
soap dissolved in water theiu);
stomach pump or an emetic. "'
Alkalies : best romodv u
A Ifltllinl firaf nlrtnnn- (-.!!) M
Livvuvt iiu uiviunu Villi
waiur 'ii mo neau aim give auiiiit
(spirits of hartshorn.)
AvKi'iiin. i-onipdiesi in tlm v
.. . v...wv....U ... w.W
The extreme dilliculty of keeping
sweel pola'oes in good condition es-
pecially in tho markets and slore
houses of cities exposed to constant
changes of heat and moisture is ful-
ly nppieciiilcd by housekeepers and
dealers in vegetables. The wonderful
productiveness of this esculent in the
youth ami its great value as a cheap
nutritious and favorite food of all
classes has often suggested tho
wish that it might be more available
as a food product. Dr. 0. K. Mar-
shall iu tho Vieksburg Times of Sep-
ember 14th 18(17 asked :
T Cannot sweet potatoes which our
soil and climate are so wonderfully
adapted to produce be cut up into
slices and so dried that they might bo
made an article of merchandise ?
Fiuits and vegatables have been dried
and prepared for shipment and thus
become valuable crops. W sweet
potatoes can bo floated so as to pre-
set ve the sacluirino matter and be-
come an aiticle of food even though
not as agreeable as the undried root
in its bu-t condition they would pay
us handsomely as any product of the
They aro peeled by a little machine
and sliced three eights of an inch
thick by another with great rapidity.
When dried they have lost two thirds
of their weight weighing twenty
pounds; are white and so flinty
that the knife makes but very little
impression ; but when cooked steam-
ing is the best method they resume
their original appearance and are in
every respect equal to tho undried
root in its best condition.
Specimens of thi dried potato may
be seen in tho museum of the Agri-
cultural Department. It is easily
cooked quifo palatable and if it
should become popular would prove
of great utility and economical and
agricultural value. Monthly llejporl
rtlnen niTMeim i n i lin Ll i-ttntw.h flu..
afterward tlio brido and bridegroom ' the white of eggs lime water oi cl. "
viRir nor parents to pay thou- aspects and water charcoal and tho prepa";
to them t.icin of irin. tiiirtieulnrlv hiilmfe
...... -. .... .... .. ..J ..J....VW
A Hardshell Baptist preached in
Washington Oity latelynand took for
Iub text 'God made man iu his own
imago.' Ho then commenced. An
honest man is tiio noblest work of
God. Then ho made a long pause
looked searchingly about tho audi
ence and then exclaimed. K' God
Almighty lmsu jjfeafV;
Lead white lend and hiignr of leai '
remedies alum tathartic such '-
castor oil and epsm salts especially'
Lllmreortl : in iioiuoiib of carboui((
nud stimulato noitrUa'x!Ul!u!
I'll i ' ' ?' "Tws4;
Eduoathd PAitMi:ns. Itis a great
! inistako to suppose that "farmers do
not need to be educated. Progress
is sure in this direction and in all
others but it beuiuu slow. The furm-
r without an educition sinks to a
lore drudge arid can never hope to
tain an equal position in society
h other niofessions : and ho mav
list us ho will but ho cannot make
ilfiirni .tirnminn 1 1 If r. Mm liitmlun.Tif-
i .1 V -....w. ....
us a science
who studies agricul-
ii8 removtt tho putieiitkjopon air se educated farmer wonders why
dasli cold water on thqhellmitid body'? H ''H '"'d daughioih aro so anxious
iiiitl nl Mull In fi r.r.tnlttt-iilfr.iiiti .- 1 . tA t 4 . i .
UUUPJIIUB UV". t
n at tho eh wo . timjiGlng
t bi iskly .. U. 'WwM1
mvo '.1ii if?' ''?KcivoA'jv!uto
i'.i- uie iiirm i" oiioriHO oilier oc
th yon if yuu kt -u Jiem a con
mm... .... ..... r..: i
j ui K.UOUH uj iriuuu
lor your mod mnnot plow
Can consumption Ijo Cured !
Dr. Bowditch on consumption in
Ainotica gives the following direc-
tions and reflections ;
1. Never allow any one to sleep in
the same bed with a consumptive.
2 W possible lot the attendant or
friend sleep in an adjacent room
within easy call rather than in the
3. Never let one sister (i. e. one of
the same hereditary tendencies) sleep
with another who is tuberculous.
4. Always have a paid nurse to at-
tend tlio mere drudgery of tho sick-
room. J. As this will often bo impossible
let tho attendant be sure to go out
not less than twice daily and fill her
lungs with pme air or at least with
air different from that of the sick-
room. We conclude as wo began in hope;
and for a final statoment lay down
the following as our modical faith on
this important question : When all
men and women live iu properly
placed and rightly constructed houses
and at all times attend carefully to
the hygienic laws of mind and body
in themse'ves and their offspring
then will consumption like many
kindred evils be wholly eradicated
jr made comparatively harmless iu its
influence on the human lace.
Tnrc Woiu.d's Madni:ss. When
I look around upon a busy bustling
world eagerly pursuing and courting
disappointment neglecting nothing
so much as tlio one thing needful ;
and who in order to have their por-
tion in this life disregard tho world
to come and only treasuro up wrjith ;
it makes mo think of a farmer who
should with vast labor cultivate his
lands and gather in his crop and then
thrush it our and then separate the
corn from ttie chaff and then sweep
the corn out upon tho dunghill and
carefully lay by tho chaff. Such a
person would be supposed mad ; but
how faint a shadow this would bo of
liis madness who labors for tlio meat
that perishes but neglects that which
endureth unto everlasting life ? It
is a madness tho whole race of men
labor under unless and until divine
grace works the cure. T Scotl.
Vbiooiit.ii:h. Tho following is a
description of the latest velocipede
Il has only onu wlieol
Ni'illiur ticildlu or saddle 5
It is built in Midi hlmpo
Tlmt you don't Imvo to htnuldlu.
Tlio man who propel it
Takes hold with his hands
Of two paiallul nv
Anil on tho ground stands ;
Puts hN una iu motion
One after tho other
Whlln tlio vuhiclo gooi
"Without any bother.
This (unity inuchino
lias no pinning or gilding ;
it 14 usi-iiii to carrv
tutorial for buildin'r- . inc
Shingh's nnd aliaving-yiO-spc
u'r i mi
frur ' & -Twnterfdr
' "ivo whpi
is .y y ..
fr . arm n.l
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Raymond, N. C. The Plow Boy (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 1, 1869, newspaper, May 1, 1869; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth78470/m1/3/?q=%22%22~1: accessed January 25, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.