The Plow Boy (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 1, 1869 Page: 5 of 8
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-" T T
'I. EDEY &
IVvl i) ft
s Wdippiin u-glure.
ffl (nlno lunrnlv'"... ... -. I
HFJI DUllUO lAAV-V.
Tho Rogicao oi Sternal Eqbosq.
From the Round Tnblo March '20
Most readers will prolmb'y he al-
ready aware either through the news-
paper press or tho lecture lceently
delivered by Dr. Isaac I. Hayes be-
fore the American Geographical so-
ciety that tho two expeditions which
left Europe last year for the polar
regions have fared no better than
their various predecessors from the
14th century down to to tho present
day. The first of these expedition:)
organised in Germany left on the 24th
of May 1SG8 in a small sailing ves-
sel called the Greenland commanded
by Capt. Koldowey ; but encounter-
ing immense ice-fields near Spitsber-
gen it was compelled to turn back
after having reached latitude 80 de-
grees 5 m-nutes north. The second
expedition fitted out in Sweden de-
parted on tho 4th of July last in the
steamer Sophie under the charge of
Prof. Nordenskjold and Oapt. Von
Otter with the intention of wintering
in tho ice and resuming tho voyage
this spring. Owing however to seri-
ous injuries sustained in latitude SL
degrees 42 minutes north one degree
less northerly than the point reached
in 1827 by Oapt. Parry in sleighs
the steamer had to be taken home for
repairs. But while these events will
bo familiar to all who feel any inter-
est in such matters it may not yet
be so generally known that last sum-
mer's failures have by no means led
to an abandonment of the project
itself for three great nations piopose
to contest the laurels oi polar discov-
ery during the current year. The
United States intend to pick up again
the thiead which had been dropped
in consequence of our four years of
civil war. Germany undismayed by
her first disappointment is making
arrangements for a second larger ex-
pedition. France the thircliution to
enter the lists has at last completed
her long-delayed preparations. The
projector of tho Fiench expedition
M. Gustave Lambert appears how-
ever to have found it no light task
to inspire his countrymen with some
of his own zeal and enthusiasm. In-
deed the enterprise has matured with
a slowness all the more remarkable
when we consider how ambitious
Fiance unusually is to assume on
such oocasions the initiative in the
civilized world. Though the emper-
or himself headed tho national sub-
sciiption with 50000 francs M. Laui-
bei t had nevertheless to deliver over
100 addresses in different provincial
towns before the pitiful sum of half
a million which ho required for the
outfit could be laised. M. Lambert
has a theory peculiarly his own.
Adopting the views of tho Russian
uaval authorities especially those en-
tertained by Adinhals Wrangel and
Anjoii who sailed northward from
Siberia in the years 1821 and 1823
he assumes that the most accessible
approach to tho north polo is by a de-
partme from Behring's stiaits that
out-of-the-way placo where Asia and
Africa face each other and tiio waves
of tho Pacific ocean mingle with the
waters of the Polar sea. On the
part of the United States tho palm
of polar discovery will bo contested
by Dr. Hayes whose two journeys to
those regions previous experiences
scientific attainments and indomitable
resolution admirably fit him for this
distinction. His theory of an open
Polar sea and tho manner in which
it may be reached north of cape Fra-
through Smith's Sound are too
vtmwn from his published works
uiro recapitulation here. The
an expedition on tho other
t probably again at-
for Capt Koldowey
mo homo more than
young grasslioprK; msim
some nans ot J5irsTi3v y) p
'-aifd1Rrumm fP ."'tfstitfjMiprl kcyi-.-
pher audi ihor experts are completed
tno u rem on .National cmnnnltee mi
call upon the public to assist them
in floating Germany's second and we
hope more successful expedition. To
understand tho marked interest which
Germany displays in this internation-
al contest it is necessary that we should
recur to what happened in 18G5 when
the successful and promising prosecu-
tion of Dr. Hayes's plan had been
interrupted by the outbreak of our
rebellion and England had finally re-
linquished her praiseworthy and per-
severing efforts to ascertain the fate
of Sir John Franklin and his party.
It was at this juncture that Capt.
Sherard Osborn revived onco more the
subject of polar exploration by a pa-
per presented to tho London Geo-
graphical society. Taking for granted
that tho pole is surrounded by land
not water ho asked tho admirality to
furnish itim with a couple of steam-
ers from Avhich sleighiug parties could
he sent out to accomplish the main
purpose of the journey. These prem-
ises were however so effectively at-
tacked in a letter from Dr. Petermann
to the president of tho society the
venerable Sir Roderio Murohison that
Capt. Osborn's proposition was not
accepted. But it had not been tho
intention of Dr. Peterman to discour-
age all further efforts to discover the
north pole. On the contrary ho con-
sidered its accomplishment merely a
question of time and had even cutn-
batted with his characteristic energy
the prejudices with which this pro
ject has always been regarded in cer-
tain quarters. From that day he
began seriously to entertain the idea
of organizing a German expedition.
German science had prevented British
enterprise from pursuing what he
considered a mistaken course and it
was now his duty to awaken the slum-
bering spirit of enterprise in the Ger-
man nation to show the world that
his views had been correct. Attempts
were made to secure the co-opeiation
of the Prussian government and t ic
old fedeial diet but these failed
though for reasons not connected with
the sienthic merits of the scheme.
Appeals to the patriotism and pride
of the people were naturally the next
step ; but as it became just then
known in Germany that France also
designed to enter the arena as a com-
petitor Dr. Petermann adopted an
appaienlly desperate resolution. lie
faummoued a few daring young sailors
to his side exhausted all his private
resources and advanced as it were
to Germany the capital needed for a
preliminary expedition. Tho sailing
of the Greenland from Bergen on the
24th of May 1S6S was the result of
Such is a concise outline of what
was done in the last and is being
dono for the next attempts to discover
the only geographical problem still
left for human skill and perseverance
to solve for Africa is about to sur-
render her mysteries to Livingstone.
Utilitarians of the Gradgrind school
may perhaps object to the labor and
expense of tho expeditions ; but wo
reply in the woids of Dr. Hayes :
" The world has often profited most
by those discoveries and those enter-
prises which possessed at tho outset
only an abstract value and had littlu
interest to any but the learned." At
tho same time it must also be admit-
ted that tho " high north" exerts a
Btrange fascination. The eternal re-
pose tho unchangability of its organ-
ic natures suggest the thought that
the polar regions still retain the char-
acter of tho first epochs of the crea-
tion. Tho great word decay seems
thero almost unknown. Swelling
luscious forms and brilliant colors may
enchant the eye under the tropics;
hut what blooms and ripens to-day
lies prostrate to-morrow a prey to
destruction and painful thoughts of
the ovanescence of the beautiful mar
our enjoyment. In the north it is
different. In tho year 1771 the
corpse of a man was found in a hut
ho had inhabited a century aud a half
aero skin flesh hair all were t
.onlv slightly covered
thev nuss bv without a visible
tr.ice. One impenetrahb mantle of
!' and snow wraps all that exists.
Summer hardly melts tills crust even
in the most .thelteu'd U'-'oka. It un-
locks the ground pub' v to the depth
of a low feet but lo r down eveiy
thing remains unchain -d from season
to season. Not a dm of water per-
meates the fir.xcuho of the earth.
Vegetation is con lb? y the upper-
most layes of the i' id the lowest
strata of tho at; iicrc. Plants
whose roots grow r sward in less
. . i nrvthmrr
vegetable no shi . " grass highur
than a span. '" '' -polar willow
spreads out its arms like
shrub with a stc
straw and the fo
crown consists sf
i.hickcr than a
. ;Fiich forms its
Some other spec!1"'''
lanala) drive the. x
Hliriru'.p. mill vpsi'n.r
As aolng the
it a .
' jes and vege-
rather in than abo" x
result of this want'0
tnlion and even of
grass is a strange ' "
and desolation whi ' n
rudest sailor that lu
regions. Songless .
. . ww.
"rous crop of
vs even me
to few laml-
tiii.lo .in-! (V ..(-;n t
wmw. (blill VIIU mill r
come out on brigl:
uuuur uv ana '-is;
o spectres ;
and yet it is mlf
a vast gtuveva'
tudes but the s '
the unused the '
destroyed the tl
ductive powers of'
slumber here as t
creation had iust I
d the uu-
t the pro-
d life was
yet to follow. Bntv"
as the land appears
teem with life. "'i
jes of the
Beh ring sea
bleak. Tho lurid ; I
volcanoes which to&J$'
jvtiauuc range unm
rapacity ; .
is the pick
not to he equ
cca countless vaneti
.uviiov nw.ww.o o'SSji UV
mammalia whales and
the sea and its shores s
them hover myriads of at
which resemble in tho e'
li'crlih flnnfiiKv i"lnrwlfi "
..... . .
Exports of the '
France exports wines b f.
fancy articles jewehy clot
es. paper perfumery and t
Italy exports corn oil f
essences dyes mils drugs fi
soaps paintings engraving
i n1 cj 1 i a
r' ..:' . t i: "'
a. i iiasjii uajiuiis uuu'ii
zinc articles of iron copper aiun.
indigo wax hams musical
ments. tobacco wines and poi'f
Germany exports wool wt
goods linens rags corn timber'
lead flax hemp wines wax t.
Austriii exports mineral raw .
manufactured silk thread glass gn raSSfferson never made a speech. He
tar nutgall wines honey andinatl0" Wjldn't do it. Napoleon whoso ex-
matical instruments. m Mfcivo ability is almost without a
England exports woolen glass
hardware earthenware cutlery iron
metalic wares salt coal watches tin1
qiIL-h nnrl limns
Russia exports tallow flax duck
hemp flour iron copper linseed lanbj o
hides wax cordage bristles fur pot
ash and tar.
Spain exports wine brandy oil
fresh and dried fruits quicksilver
sulphur salt cork saffron anchovies
silk and wollen.
China exports tea rhubarb musk'
ginger zinc borax silksfilagreo work
jvory ware lacquid ware and porco-
lftin . ' "
Purifying Water. 'A table-spoon;?
ful of pulverized alum sprinkled into
a hogshead of water tho water etirreU
at the same time will after. a few
h ' .. . .
Propagating from Cuttings.
Among the many and various theo-
ries on almost every subject publish-
ed from time to time in our papcis
(by far the largor number of which
1 K-giet to say are evideutly not the
results of practical experience.) there
occa-ioivilly appears u fact of value
and worth remembering. Let me
name a couple of thein which al-
though perhaps old to the knowing
ones have been now within a year or
two to us commoners who stumble
along meeting difficulties at every
turn and whose mistakes are the rule
and success tho exception.
Ono is to increase rapidly and
easily a stock of raspberries or black-
berries by simply taking away from
tho parent plant all tho roots it can
spare and cutting thorn into pieces
two inches or so in length and plant
ing thorn in good rich dark-co.orcd
soil. Nearlv every one of them if
watered when too dry will make a
Tho other is to start grape and
other cuttings in spring before plant-
ing out kinds that are easily struck
as Concord Catawba Clinton Ives&.
Piopare the cuttings asisuul and
the first open spell of weather in
spring select a spot the warmest ex
posure that can no nau ; uig a place
lough to receivo
them : lie them in bunches of twen-
ty-five or so with the end of the out-
even and bed them in the
trench butts up filling in cold clay
to within sxn inch or two of the sur-
face aud then cover them one-half or
two inches deep with rich warm earth.
It is even hotter to puddle them fthe
butts) in mud made of rich earth
not day. About the time (or a little
before) the buds begin to swell on the
vines above ground plant tl.cni out
in the usual manner on any uxpohiue
except the warmest. Kinds that are
mrder to piopogate as the INorton
Delaware & it is advisable to bed
em out in the autumn as early as
til do to train vines and at the np-
acn oi winter cover tnem up wnn
i or earth below frost removing
the spring. It is also (with
) an advantage to put grass over
in. Bo sure and undtrdrain the
Lust year I left my Catawl a a little
loo long aud tuuy wcio a tanked mat
of lootlets some of them five inches
long. I had to break off most of
but still the cuttings grew like
Cor. Ilural World.
Silent Mi:n. Washington never
made a speech. In the zenith of his
fame he once attempted it failed and
g.tvoit up confused and abashed. In
framing the constitution of the Uni-
ted States the labor was almost whol-
ly performed in committee of the
whole of which George Washington
was day after day chaiiinan but he
made but two speeches during the
convention of a very few words each
something like one of Gen. Grant's
speeches. The convention howevei.
acknowledged tho master spirit and
iihistoiinns affirm that had it not been
ifor his personal popularity and the
hirty words of his first speech pro
ouncing it the best that could houm-
d upon tho constitution would havo
ffien rejected by the people. Thomas
VfigSilel said his gieatest difficulty'
in hnding men ot deeds rather
words. When asked how ho
jtained his influence over his Bu
ys in ago and experience when
Liiander-iu-chief of tho
he said ' Bv
ess of a man is
Wfvlongth of his speeches or their
instance of California brevi
ty o) in a conversation between
a bif jfij'ind a house-holder. Tho
latte" jWtho robber at his chamber
door. '' ' 'fi leveled )istol and the
follov '. fyloguo ensued :
f Witl- Jinmediato and precipi-
A farmer's wiwl
.'; jut-. ii .
. How VS tho worLc
Can any Vi.'0''' BupplyA;!
earlier than a b? 1
f" OuraberlarKtilml B y "'( I
A farmer's wiftH wiC (t ' 1
Arrow Iron TiuS
axiu vtton or wool oil
Tho economist rccOrrr
as the way to make ginn.
will be asked whether a man's
are always in proportion to his srav
iiujsl Certainly they aio not so un-
less he stives w tih discretion. Thero
is an extreme in saving us woll its in
spendiug. The former may bo as iu
consistent with thriving as the latter.
"There is tliat witholdeth more than
is meet ; but it lendeth tho poverty."
Parens is a husbandman. 11 is fa-
ther twenty years ago left him in
possession of a good farm which he
has industriously occupied ever since ;
hut he has made no progress llo
has only just kept his ground ; and
tho only difficulty is he is afraid of
every thing that looks like expense
lie carries all his savings to an extreme.
There is hot a fanner in the neigh-
borhood who with tho same
quantity of hay keeps so nu-
merous a stock although he seldom
soils or'kills a beef or mutton : ho
only just keeps his number good.
His sheep shed half their wool before
sheaiing time ; his cattle arrive not
at their growth until they are five or
six years old and then they aro
dwarfs and all because he is loo sav-
ing of Ms hay. If he can mako his
creatuies live' through the winter he
thinks ho does well. His object is to
keep a huge stock on little hay.
fall into ruin be-
cause he dreads the expense ofiopair-
ing ; and the very limbers aro rotten
while he tries to make the old cover-
ing last as long as possible. Rather
than be at tho expense of convenient
implements for his husbandry he de
pends on borrowing ; and tho time
lost for the want of thein and spent
in borrowing and reluming every year
amounts to live times their value.
Thus Parens oairies on his business
and with gieat industry on a good
farm he just supports a moderate
family ; while several of his neigh-
bor's on farms no better and with less
laboiy.ire growing rich only by (lib-
eration in saving and judgment in
We have seldom seen anything
that is so truly illustrative of human
vanity as tho following:
Two gentlemen were walking to-
gether through ono of the most crowd-
ed streets of Paris. One said to the
other "dp you see that man walking
before us ?" " Yea what of him ?"
"Nothing hut this. I will leave you
and go immediately up to him and
kick him." " For what purpose ?
Has he offended you ?" " Not at all.
I will do it tp illustrate a principle.
I will kick him and what is more ho
will neither resent it nor be in tho
Irtust angry." Ho immediately left
his friend walked up to the man of
whom he had been speaking and ad-
ministered to him a tromondous kick.
Astonished and indignant the man
turned upon his aggressor who met
his ferocious gaze with a face beam-
ing with regret and sorrow. " I beg
jour pardon sir" ho'said "I havo mis
taken you tor tho dulco ol Tromoulo
who has greviously wronged me."
Tho duke was the handsomest man in
Parisj and tho envy of all tho beaux
in town. Whereas tho man who had
been ho incerem6niously kicked was a
miracle of ugliness. But instead of
being offended ho was flattered and
gratified by the mistake under which
lie believed he had suffered ; so ho
'merely smiled bowed and went on
Botts in Houses. First givo tho
animal half a pint of molasses in half
a pint of rweet milk or water Wait
twonty minutes and givo ono pint or
one pound of lard ; ono hour after re-
peat with same quantity of lard. A
suro cure is tho result nccoiding to
my long experience.
Blind Staggers. Split tho skin
between tho eyes two inches insert
tho knife and cut the skin looso ull.
round for one and a hull incli
Then insert two table-spc
mustard : nlittf nvor
Klio could haraif.su..
I " 1
4a crinoline:) ar.tf 'ca
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Raymond, N. C. The Plow Boy (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 5, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 1, 1869, newspaper, May 1, 1869; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth78470/m1/5/?q=%22%22~1: accessed February 21, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.