South Western American. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 25, 1853 Page: 1 of 4
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21 Stemocratic mspctpktrntcbiomiinxiy News JJolitus att& (Saw Jntosis.
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ft THE VOTERS OP TEXAS.
Fellow- Citizens.: -. y
Yielding to the solicitations of my
friends and the indications of public
.sentiment from various portions of the
State I have consented at a late period
in the canvass to present myname for
jour 'suffrage for the office of Governor
. vIn doing so I am influenced by a de-
sire to gratify the wishes of- partial
friends who think something due to
ray past services and to lend my aid to
those measures of publicjjolicy which
re now exciting antinieresi mrougn-
out I tie State commensurate withstheir
vast and vital i m por tance. At the same
time! will not affect to be insensibleto
the honor implied lay the confidence of
nay fellow-citizens should they elect
ne; nor shall -Lpretend that in seeking
it4 lam wholly uninfluenced byambi-
' tion an ambition howeverjjfconorable
inits ends and aims subordinate to no
selfish or merely personal considera-
tions which regards a mark of-public
favor worthy to be sought andprized
M.n& far more tobe esteemed than-tbat
indifference which affects to despise
them. The late period at which I
formed the determination just an-
nounced denies me the pleasure of vi-
siting' tne State generally and confer-
riag'with jou upon those subjects in re-
lation to which it is your right to know
- my ".views arid opinions. I have there-
fore" thought proper thus pVembody
ffiern. and'present them toyotun a brief
bat explicit manner.
The question of our public debt is
still one of importance 'and is practi-
cally unsettled; and the effecroljts re-
maining so must in somjdegree con-
tiaue to embarrass'us in the prosecution
of the great measures of Stale policy so
strongly commended' by every conside-
ration of interest and duty. The plan
of adjustment proposed more than five
years ago and adhered to by the State
since I am still prepared to insist up-
on and maintain although inases of
evident mistake ormisapplication of
the principles of adjustment announced
in the law I should desire to see the
State magnanimous and just.
The intervention of the General Gov-.
eminent f orihe purpose'of determining
xraraeor or in any oinecmanner.pMc-
vjig itself between usand our.credUors
I V ja.m.1 .. a T1..firin nf ftia riirtifa nf i
' M1HU W a IWIBHUU i. 'i
.. . - . inifii.n r--' ' --'Tr'rrTTrr'hn-
- - . . - ? .- . .
. . -.r ---- -- - . T I- -ItZ 1 r J
sjtion- may beTTtfafr'fepudiate its
authorityand oppose its action.
-The;sale pfa portion of our north-western
territory was prompted bya
.spirit of compromise on the partof
our'people and the conditionXof allow-
"ihg the United States to TetainWy por--lioHfof
the consideration money until
releases should be .filed by a certain
class of creditors was submitted to in
the same spirir and'-witn Tne-sincere
;des'ire-to contribute to ttfie Adjustment
mf a series of measuresHhe agitation-of
which then endangered thef harmony of
the Union. Bv this1hjveveKfneither
"'government intended to acknowledge
r -the "principle of ultimate liability of the
United Slates to'tnat; or any-otner. class
;of xcreditorspf-the RepublieofjTexas.
nNor will it be deiuedvthatemeBd
i manner of settling with" tierrejiitoM
"wm Ipft p.vrJusivelv'wIthrtfiisrsovefeien
State !of-Texas; anddoubtmottkat
jWj?Prper andv'decisive actiononthe
Jpart of the State and her 'representa-
- fives'; Congress may-be inducea'to re-
lease thisfund in prdertbat"1hehold-'
era of the debt may Be promptlypaid."
If elected L shall insist on such a meas-'
-nre with all the-zeal and abiUty in my
Regarding the classification oTthe
"nublic debt. andhe fund dnVofwhlch
iitJS to be paid (iheireservedfuve-mil-
lionsjnas'seilieu ana inai megreaier
"part of individual claims-upon ottr pub-
lic lands have been satisfied there yet
"remains a vast extentbfunappropriated
public domain -and-asurplusot ;up-
..vards.of Jthree million of doUars-oF U.
..States' stock subject to theplqgria-
tionof future Legislatures. Thewise
use' of this domain and treasurewill en;
-sure -for Texas the greatness for whicli
-r'herssoil climate and local pqsitionso
r-we-eminently fit her.. She should 'not
tn my.opiniqn await tbecaprice or ob-
stinacy "of her creditors' but'-proceed'at
once to'aid and encourage the causes of
education and. internal Improvements
by every constitutional means within-
her control. .. vk
The framers of our constitutionim-
pressed with the importanpeTDeddca-
k -tion set apart a fund inltsPaid.iiradn-
goiped upon the Legislature the duty of
.tnent of common schools" This injunc-
c tion-I'reerard as the duty of the Legisla
ture to perform atthe earliest "practica-
Icblemoment andan itstfuilesrsplrie
The expression. of ray lndividuaFcon-
. currence in tnis provismn couiu auu
'nothing to its high sanction but had
Ononis such beetfiincdrporated in'that in-
strument I should have.felt jt as much
aa duty tomy country tfavoyt as FEo
.now and on every appropriate occasion
to'havejent my aid to a consummatibn
of national weajlbneedsonlyvtlic
hfftbendevcloDtaent 'to 'render
--. ji m v . -r . a a
CITY OF AUSTIN
prosperous State upon earth. The in-
troduction of such a policy as would
immediately confer these advantages
upon Tier is of such manifest wisdom.
'that it is almost as preposterous to ar
gue as to deny it. .To accomplish this
therefore lam in favor of extending the
most liberal aid to corporate companies
to assist the building of railroads in
the State; and couldthis be done by
the State becoming directly interested
to the extent of not more than two-
fifths in such property and furnishing
that proportion of means I should fa-vor-this
plan ; but' as it cannot be done
without n amendment of the constitu-
tion which would involve delay I am
ready to adopt a plan to some extent
less desirable; that of setting apart not
less than $2000000 as a school fund
to be invested upon rigid and cautious-
ly guarded terms in loans to railroad
do not consider it ne-
mit a plan or to be
than to may that any
mmand my'support which
works of this character and at the sa'me
time protect the fund and the interest.
upon'it; alwaysjjuppoiingsuch scheme
to be constitutional. Withoutassum-
ingcto be authority .upon lite subject I
have nevertheless brought myself to
concluBjjihat bUeh:V plan is obnoxious
to no constitutional objection and loans
of the funds so set apart 'railroad com
panies not to exceed one-third of:aheJ
cost per mile andno bjWidronl Vj-whel?
thirty or fifty mjles "ihall havel"been
completed and 'then as its remaining
sections may be built at -a fair rate of
interest payable semi-annuallywould
in my opinlbnAbe a wise; judicious and
safe investment andlwould securelo
the State the' certain and speedyiepm-
pletion of these important wbrksfc
.Large donations of land Ijave'alrea-
dy been made to railroad companies
the object being to aid and encourage
fU . 1 1 J "
uieiu;ine policy or uomgso meeis my
approval and I would (urther be in
clined to adopt a still morejiberal pol-
icy to any'-enterprize having for its ob-
jecf"the extension of a road in direction
of the Pacific as farasElPaso wbfelh-
er from the eastern border of the State
or fronj the Gulf; because the earjy con-
struetion'of such a road wculd .almost
certainly secure thtTroute of that great
Uiuiuiiui wyriv. lae xruuiim ranruau
through our State; a road destined' to
l.3 -& 1 -.'. .l'
ninniw.tiiw-ii.M morougDiare or met;
r i t .- i - r 'Zft
world' and to give power and irapor
tance -to every country which it tra-
Thevsubject of ourlnuian 'relations
has engaged my attention fona consid
erable period. Ihe absolute sovereign-
ty oTTexas over her entire territory and
the polition she has always assumed in
regard Jafndian'titles within her limits
place thoserelatis'in.an attitude very
different fronVthat'lhey occupy in o'ther
portions'ofthe United States: -v
Thefact that the. State of Texas pos-
sesses the sovereigiityqyer the soil oc-
cupied by our border Indians ancTtbat
the-General Government has jurisdic-
ttionf the'qaestion of peace and waT
renaers mis question complicated ana
difficult for the reason that neither go-
vernment has ihat complete jurisdic-
tion over'the subject matter to enable
'ittiozmanage mese reiaiiuns wim uruu-
. .r . Hi . ..u '"i
er eiaciency.'- x. inereiore regarui h&s
imporfant totermiriate as sooh'as'pos-
sible'thiststateqf things by some satis-
factoryMraflgement with "the General
GoVMnmentsbywhich the entire con-
trordfll'questibns connected with our;
Jndian?p61iey may be confided to it
for .reimbursement. Until such '"an ar-
rangemelre'be made no claim for spolia-
tions; willtbe entertained by the Federal
Governmeiitand a ready excuse will
be"aHor3edfort.a failure-to protect the
lives anil pfoperty'6ffouf"citizens. The
enterprize ot WripeoplenvilUpressup-
on our frontier wherever they may" be.
and all "the experience ot thespast
'teachest that races So different in half
its alriffpursuits so unlike in their mok-
ralalolitical organization can nev-
erliveppaceablyinprox!raUyrwithout apeculiar supervision Jjeingiexercised
overthe-weakerland less enlightened.
In the present-e'ondition of ounlndians
iriBOUiy puiIUV? uiuiaicu uj.wisuuhi auu
humanity is to furnish them a home
anil the. means of subsistence until
they? acquire?" in some.degree the arts
of civilized life. It will be found chea-p"1
erthan war and'far'riioVe glorious.' .
I have thus Jellow-citizen"? endeav-
oredtapresent my Tiews upon some'of
that! have said enough"ioconvince you
Statesorunrivaledin its growtlij.and
prosperiiymm wbuuuh. uuu.
my .assent from mrrneasure which this
a'geloff-prdgress may legitimately "de-
.raaBdjbut that! would recommend
smdsanciion every measure calculated
toTprpmbte the great causes of educa-
ticnand internal improvement the pro
"tectionof the'settler and the consequ ent
advancement of commerce and agricul-
tureiand.alltthe other 'great .interests
offtMeioiintry. -Jl. T. IpJBNSON.
istin June 14 1853 . f
me . leaning queiivuasui oim
uponwhich in theiposition I
I miebt be expected to act and I
thaMt elected my administration woukh rplace on the.lst-
bebased'uDon'a'policv worthy oi'ta- havin? declined'
TEXAS - SATURDAY- jME 25 1853.
3 . -
front iut Jcrtcrsoii HcrcH.
HON. L. P. EVAWS.
This gentleman having4cen nomi-
nated by a meeting of the democracy
of Cherokee county held lit Rusk oh"
the 17th inst. has entered JJje field as a
candidate lor Governor and has com-
menced the canvass with his usual en-
ergy. On Tuesday evening last he ar-
rived at this place an-1 gave notice that
he would addres3 thccjfeiens at 11
o'clock on Wednesday : VwiftSj howev-
er to the shortness of the ijoiice there
was but a' small attt-ndancci-
Our space will not permjr us to give
even a complete synopsis cfhis speech;
we can only refer to the -terious sub-
jects touched'upon. He commenced by
stating that he liadrnean anjispirant for
Congress previmts-Tp tutlfT?? Con-
vention ; that immediately llpon the ad-
journment of that ConvtiaUqn' he was
strongly solicited by friendlfrbm vari-
ous portions of the district tp become a
candidate for Governor b')v declined.
Since that time tie had received nume-
rous other solicitations anil had'been
nominated by the meeting in Cherokee.
He. was the candidate of Extern Tex-
as Ear ternTexas has'intets distinct
and separate from the' W-wt she has
supporteS the Governmpntutid paid all
the laXes while the West Jfa received
T.II .uXf.. I ij '
'ias had all
the- officers f or four or sia
they4 have elected Western.
He wouldr notparliculan
red to tne.Teters' Colony
1 and the
Nuecesand"Rio Grande bl
ces where millions-of doll
ted to the'
the public land had beend
West.-tJ'The seat of Govern
nf was in
the West and Ranging Ccv
been called out for her bene
thousands of dollars had
irom the btate Treasury i
to pay the.soldiers but the
nislied supplies &c. Hc
as the rep
resentative of an idea theXailroad in
terest. It is a fixed fact th: Congress
will provide for'the constrdition of' a
railroad toithe Pacific. Arhe North
the' people are not dividedupon the
question ; at the South it wat different.
The secessionists and the! unionists
were opposed to it. IP therote were
taken in Congress now it vunild result
in favor of the. 'Northern route. He
thendwelt atconsiderable fength upon
the advantages and disat'vntages or
the yeraj proposed rouiuuitima-.
ea- to "the" dimcultv the South had to
contend with in order to secure the
adoption.'of the Southern .route." The
result depended inia grekt measute up-
oi out.action.- The route through Tex-
as possessed natuial advan'ages and if
we used -proper exertions to build the
contemplated route through Txas to
El Paso it would form thenmvunk"
of the great railway to the Pacifier "arrcrJSkic State Central Committeefa Con-
ney nad no patriotism it knew
Nortl no South no Eastejh West ; if
sought profitable "invesent. We
should not' want for aid.TThis main
trunk would force brancb to every
port on the GulRoads running baclr
into the countr' and stopping without!
-connecting jwitb oiber roaiK.woijld pot
jjay. He was a States rigfits democrat
.of- the strictest sect. 3he construction
of the Pacific railroad was thoroughly?
a .democratic1 measure. Did not be-
iiesomeofthe leading democratst in
the 'Senate who opposed Rusk Bill
wereKpnratA. In the States they should
have Control of the road. 'It was legi-
timate "fonthe General Government to
aid infjts construction through the
'States by. donations' of money pr lands
in consiueraiion mat iue uroyeriuuBiit
j T - a! fcl- i""1 . uu.u
troops munitions of war.and the mails
are to be transported free of charge.
In the territories if was competent 'that"
the United Slates should built the road
she had .exclusive confrol of the terri;
tories. JFhe road was neccsj-ary for na;
tionalpucposes to protect our.com-
merceupwTthe Pacific coast.
He" wouldfavof- a change in our
jS.ate Constitution-r-allowing the State
to .take alivmited amount of capital
stock in Bfljlfoads changes of the Con-
stitution should be made cautiously.
Constitution.-were- made to restrain the
action of excited majorities.
He alluded to banks. The people
were.not "ripefor a fchange in that in-strumentsoasto-allow
'er.ihelessr a! candidate for Governorwras
advocating" a.sweepirig banking clause
in me onsumuon mere were omur
subjectsjof-State .policy he would like
io uiscus out nau uwaiueu iue auui-
ence tod'lphg and v;ouId not tresspass
further upontbeir patience.
CANDIDATE FOR GOVERNOR. .
W nuhlUti" tiiirtav n svnonsis nftha
r r .-rT rikiv jk i5..5 .i .u:
speecn oi non. uu. ivnns ai
instant. Judge Mills
the canvass we have
asiyet made no choice irom the num-
ber of aspirants in the fieldand shall
probably express no preference until
we have heard" them -5SjJ?J- a$ least?
learned ttheir views upon matters "of
State " policy. .Nor is it ourMntenfion
at this time to attempt a disparagement
of the claims of any oneJbr the ofilce ;
a sense of justice however cpmpelsjus
to record our disappcobation of certain
'pQsitipns.assumecL byiVlr.E which we
think(should.riever under any circum-
stanced be entertained much less ex-
4S V J v .- i .. .
pressed by a candidatejfor the honora-
blepositioribgGovernorT 'He set out
with the declaration that he was the
candidate of Eastern 'Texas: this we
think to say theleast was in bad taste;
lor while we admit that upon liberal
principles the East should have the
honor of furnishing the next Chief Ma
gistrnte of tne. State (that functionary
having' lor two successive terms been
elected from the West.) vet we consid
er that a man who aspires to the office
should be entirely li ee irom all local pre
juuices whatever. Me should assume
the reins of Government with a deter
mination to administer the duties per
taining to the office impartially and
with an eye single to the "welfare of the
entire commonwealth. His allusion to
the legislation of .the country hitherto
we consider unfair and his statement
that the East paid all the taxes was
untrue even in the sense he probably
intended his remarks to be taken' lor
there are counties in the West that pay
as much revenue to the Stateas any in
the East; and in all probability the
East as a whole pays but little more
than the West.
He also allddeu to the Rio Grande
Land BTU and the Peters' Colony Bill
as a wasfe'of the public domain. Now
all we have to say in regard to those'
bills is that the Committees which
passed .upon them were 'composed of
members irom both sections of the State
and that "those Committees were of opin
ion that they were-doing simple justice
to iue panics lmerescbu. -ti.s io me iuo
Grande Land Bill" it gavef away noth-
ingit merely confirmed "grants made
by the Spanish and Mexican Govern
ments in good faith. We regretted that
a' candidate from the East should m?ke
use of language and advance'opinions
jgalculafpd to estrange the feelings of
the people andengenueranu keep alive
a spirit of animosity between thVtwo
sections of our flourishing State Ihat
should have long since b'eenjburiedf as
no leason exists for its continuance:
n- . j. .r-'tFiC'1 "
ine remainder ot.his sneecn .was de
votecjto the discu-sion of rti!rbad pro
jects upon which subiect his ideas were
clear and forcible. He remarked that
he stood with Senatur ButlerTof S. C
upon this subject we thought different
ly but if he does staud with him we
are satished witn his democracy. or
ue presuiu weuayc nut ume io eAuiu-
'"'33ZK - zigz& y ty..a.2.'".'
to it hereafter.
It is due Judge Evans to slate that
he disclaimed any hostile feeling to-
wards the West Jeffersonr-Herald.
From the Washington Ranger.
Democcratic State Convention.
In pursuance of the call of the Demo-
vVeDCIC0: urxegoreo k-iciuuicu iu iue
6vn ot Washington on the Brazos
June 15th 1853. '
On'motion of'Col. Daniel Landes of
"the county of Washington Col. A. M.
;1Y1. uptuaw oi vvasniogion wascaueu
lo the chair to effect a temporary orga-
nization of the Convention; and on mo-
tion of J. P. Osterhout of Austin J. W.
Hampton of Travis was requested to
act as Secretary.
The chairman called upon the dele
gates .to come forward and hand in their
credentials when the following were
founcTto'Be present: r v.'
FrormAustin county Geri. David Yt;
Pnrfia anrt Tntin P flKt-vrhnnt. . -
Burleson county Josiah Grant.
Galveston county M. E Abby.
Grimes county Dr. B. B.Groodrich?
T H. M. Rogers. T. H.P6inter Uriah
Haytiie and P.'W. Rogers.'
Milam county W. U. Thompson.
Travis county J. W. Hampton
Washington county--A. M. IVLvU"p-
shaw J. Lancaster R. J. SwearingenV
tlenrv KTLUanmeii JLianiei ijaHnes..ijrj
.Y. Lipscomb James Wille. Tascitus
Clay Dr. T. J. Heard J.'W. McDade
and James L. Faruuhar.
On motion of GenfDavid Y. Portis
it was resolved that all the democrats
present from counties in which meet-
ings have been held but whose dele-
gates are not in attendance He request-
ed to take seats in this Convention and
participate in its proceedings. h
Oh' motion ot J. W.-$Hampton .of
Travis Jhe lot lowing resolution was
adopted: v .y p-t ' .'
Resolved Thata5rnmittee of one
from each county"represented iif this
body be appointed 'to;report apj o'clock
this evening permanent "officers of this
convention and thecqurse of action
deemed11 most expedientXi'anal- ifilbey
dfem the representation from the;sevei
ral counties sufficient to justify itjnlisil;
"they report ajelt of resolutions forth'e
cpnsideiation dfithisgy . -'. ..'
Ihe following committee tbwit:
Gen. David iYvPortisofAustin :
Dr. benj. B. Goojdnch;xof Grimes ;
p Josiah .Grant ofBurleson ;
' !'ME;Abby ofjGalveston ; w.
Hon'W. D. Thompson of Milan
Col. Daniel Sandes. oft Washington ;
J. W. Hampton of Travis.
;On motion the Convention adjourn-
ed until 3 o'clock Pf M. to-day
v Thbee0'Clock P. M.
The Convention re-assembled and was
calledto qrder.by'tKe President. Gen.
Portis from the committee appointed
this morning made the following re-
Col. A. M. M. UpsnAW President of
the Democratic State Convent ion: ;Your
committee recognizethe 'call for" the
meeting 'of this" Convention;-6y" the
chairman of jthe democratic Stafe Cen-
tral Committee; as legitimately made
and binding upon theparty ; and al-
though there are -but a few countj?-
whose delegates' have repondeil to'ih&
call .we feel. justified nay? we feel-It"
our duty to take4 such action aswiH'
preserve and cousofidafe the organiaa5
tion already instituted that we may-a's'
well as" possible under the adverse cir-
cumstances now surrounding the party?
in Texas perpetuate the; ascendency ofi.
its glorious principle. We therefore" re-
port for your action the following: '
For permanent officers of this Con-'
vention we recommend for
AvM. M. Upshaw.
ton ; for Secretary. J. W. Hamnton.'.of
Travis. - fL-
Whereas the inclemency of the se
son and the adjournment of the legist
latdre at an earlier day than thatset -apart
for the.meeting of thisConven-;
tion on the 22d day of February las
prevented a general attendance of the
delegates? appointed by the people
k 1. Resolved That this Convention
will not make nominatfohs for the offi-
ces of Governor and Lieutenant'-Gov?
ernor ascoljtemplated by the call of the
Democratic State'Central Coramiifee.
2. Resolved Tfiat this. Convention
will confine itself to such action as mayX ""
appear to be necessary for the.plreser-
vation of the organization alreadycorri-v
menced of the democratic party of 'the
3. Resolved That we assertand rej
affirm the doctrines and principles ex.- .
pressed in the resolutions adopted by
jhe democraticState Convention which!
asseiuuieu in iue ciiy-oi Ausun on me
8ih day of Januaty 1852 to wit:
That the federal" government is one
of limited powers derived solely- from
the constitution and the grantsjo
power show.n thereia-pugbtrtoliestrict-ly
construed by all the departments and.
agents of the government: and that it is
inexpedient and dangerous to exercise
doubtful constitutional powers. ?
That the constitution does not confer
noon the generaLgovernment?hpnow'.
er to commence and carry on a gener-
al system of internal improvements.
That the constitution does not confer-
authority upon the federal government
directly or indiiectjy to assumetbe
debts of the severaI(Statescpntracjed
for local internal improvements? or oth-
er State purposes ; nor would -such'an
assumption be just a'ftjexpedient. v: 4
' 'Thatijastice and sound policy forbid2
the-'federal government' to fbster?bae-
branch of industry tg the detriment J
another ortb.cherishthe interest of one
portion to the injury oranotber portion
of our common country ; that everyjPi
tizen and every section oif the country
has the right to demand and insist'.up-L
on an equality-of rights and nrivilegesj
lualitv-of rights and nrivilegesj
andjto complete.an rumple protectionoff
orlbreign aggression "f ".
Toat it is. toVQatytof every branch' of
ihe governmefitjto enforce 'and practice
thejnost rigid ;ecouomyIinf conducting
to beraisedthan is required
.to defray 'the necessaryexpensesof the
government and for tbegjttdqhut'
certain extinction of the djbfccrcftldvf
Tbat'QpngressJbas no power toch"ars
ter a national banls. TJlatve;beireve
such.a'institutipn.one.of a deadly hos-
tility thebest interesofjthejeountry
dangerous tourrepuJilicau instjtn-
tions'tnd thewliberties of thepeophv
and calculated to"place!;'the.business of
me country wimin tue-coniroi oi a con-
centrated money power.and.above the
laws and the will of ..the people ; and
that the results of derSocratic legisla-
tion in thind alL othervfinancial mea- ?
surcs uponFfich issdes have been
made betwenthe two politicahparties
.of the?countrT have demonstrated to
canuiu.anu-.pracuuai men oi an parties
several &tates;ana tnai.9ucnjf3iatesiare
the sole and proper J udgesaarevery thing
appertaining to"tbeir;owiranairA. not
prohibited by the- con3tjtU4ion:alt ill
. n . . - . 7 . " C5 !. .S-5ir" 1
efforts of. the? abolitionists jirtfotyK
with questions of slayery or to tajtein- -
cipient steps in reiauoDineretorare cal
such effortslhave an ineyilabletendency'
to dirninisblhe happiness qTt he people
ency of the Union andipughtjiot.tolbe .
countenanced by anyT friend of 'dupo
litical instftntions " -'
Thaf thefcepafatiojjDf-'tbe-7mcfneys eif
the govrnmenrfrorabjanBing instiuij.
tions is indispensable for the safety of
the government and the nghtsot the
That the liberal principles embodiew
by Jefferson in the Declaration 'of In- .
dependence and sanctioned ByVtheeonV
.their soundness safety and.utility.xn all
TUnrnnyKaCa haamA nnmali' itnriAH
... V.-&Jg-- - ..- kwju.-.
culated to lead to thenaalarmingand
danirerous" consequeuceuand i-lKat vall
T-nSr 3 j
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Ford, John S. South Western American. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 25, 1853, newspaper, June 25, 1853; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth79773/m1/1/?rotate=180: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.