Galveston Weekly News (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 39, Ed. 1, Tuesday, December 5, 1854 Page: 1 of 4
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'THE WII1I1 O
r7E SSIOTJIiD RUIiE."
GALVESTON TEXAS....7MJESDAY DECEMBER 5. 1854.
ai Iff p
rCBLISnED EVEUV TUESDAY
II V KICHlllDSOJ A; CO.
v. nicmnDso'v . siciuedsox
Ii Diioieip to General Sew rorelcn ana Doncrtic:
tithe Commercial IntelliEtnc. Ironi the principal
Marl-els oflne worlj: to the AtrKTiItaral interests
ittheeoonliT: the Improvement! lanj djsooreriea
tilt mil be made tonlucivewour Airiraltorsl and
Commercial rro-pentj: to PoliUci onu- ao tar Im-ii-irtaat
roealurei of GoTernment are therebi affect
id to M jcUeneoo. articles In reference to oar pan
hlitorr s to BiosrapMcal aletcheiot cret men of this
anl other emrotne:. toAnecdotea and Tales of
and to persoaaA ui-"uuj " ....-. -.....
ONK COPT per umbo. la advance........ - WM
- If not paid withlnsixmonths M
- - for two years la advance W
A deduction of S3 per cent. will be allowed rojt-
niitm who act as aaents in prwuricg iubscnptions
ant maklff remittances.
Slnel subscriber at a distance may. at their plea-
tare either make u remittances at oar risk by mail
or procure such private conveyances as they may oat
confidence in as being both talc and expcditlooa.
BOOK VfD JOB PBIVTINC
POVT BILLS. MAMMOTH POSTERS. At
Executed with neataesand e-o the wwtphri.it irm.
THE VTIFB TO IlLIt ItCIVED UCfeU UD.
bt TBC RET.W.CALTERT.
Why should I ahrirk rrotn poverty.
If It be sharei dear love with thee?
The world1 neglect lbs proud one's team
How ea-Hy can tbey be boro
Whilst thou rcmstoeet onforsworn
And trie to me!
I tittle rect that with our name
The crowd may pity join or blame;
That fi:fc' ones wbora once we ranged
Atnongl oar tnends are now e-tranged
For tboo art tbou not all unchanged
And Mill the tame r
Forced from ear statelier home to go
I weep oot itart not at the blow ;
Though pearl and ruby never now
Shall glitter on this breast and brow
I can be happy yet and thou
Shalt em me ao.
And though no more thine eye surTry
The ccQ on which we lured to gate.
The sculptor' breathing marblc-drcam
The palnter'e marie tiota tbat lerm
To bear oar vpirits op Time' sirens.
To other days.
Til dect three hcraUer walls or our
With eiaplo pnnt and cuts and flowers :
And tfaeM oar boujebold deitiei
ShJl be far dearer to thine eyes
Than all the pomp that monirehs prize
la royal tower.
Tbouch to onr board no lireried train
Shill bear the pnreooi f.t aain ;
WttbwilliDZ hand will I prepare
The frugal cal tboa art to ahare
And joy to Sal my house-wife cire
It not in Tun.
And lovin; toIcm hiU be here
Wiiaaoclal mirth thy brat to cheer;
The hymn the woo g the . ell known dee
How often shall they wis from thee
No bitter tear.
Thv though our brightest ti ours be put
And life's fair noon is overcast
Yet peaceful may our evening prove.
As journeying on with those we love
We loot to reach our borne above t
In tleivcn alUstl
F lOa.C9? Is A LO IG IIK.1RT.
Sunny eyes miy lose their brightness
Nimble feet forret tbelr lightness
Pearly teeth may know decay
Keren irease mm to gray.
Cheeks be pale and eyes be dim.
Faint the voice and weak the limb ;
Uuttbonsh youth and .strength depart
Fadeless is a loving heart.
Like the little mountain Bower
Topping forth la wintry bonr.
When the summer breath ! fled.
And the gmndier flow'rets dead ;
So when outward charms are pone
Brighter fUU doth bk"om on.
Despite Tlme'ddestrojing dart.
The gentle kindly loving heart.
TVcilth and talents win Brail
X ben on lifos rough sea we sa3;
Yet the we&Un miy mt-lt liLe snow
And the wit no longer gk
Hot more mooth we'll flad the sea
And our eoorse the fairer be
If our pilot when we start
L'e a fcindlj loving heart.
Ye in worldly wIdom oli
A e who bow the knee to gold
Doth thh earth as lovely eeem.
As it did la lire's young dream
Ere the earth had crashed o'er
Feelings good and pure before
H-cye sold at mammon's mart.
The best ycaxniis of the heart?
Grant Tlearen ray earnest prajcr
Whether life of eae or care
Be the one to me a'gaed.
That each coming year miy Had
Ioviiu? tbonghU and gentle word
Twined within my bumm's chords
And thai ace tnsy but imptrt
Kiper fre-hncrt to my heart.
TTWearirth of lie Boston Tost thus defines true hero-
ism; Bos-t not of firmness In the deMflr strife
Where tn3Let boll rti round ronr helmet scstter.
And make unhealthful mak with their clitter
Threatrniag short fairclose of the lease rf life;
Boast not of calmness when the sarsv wave
Itohea yonrbaiL in Brrce coatsotion down
To ocean' deepest depths while dark rocks Irown
Oa either hand to threat von with a craTe:
Boast not of courajre when the limra knells
1m harsh d coftance on the airs t f night.
And crackling flames throw romvl a rndJj light.
An 1 bell an t bUz blend wiih the firemen's veils
nu yon can tnii. witnout ui laoncai 01 njinp
j. jit ciamor oi asputiai oaoja
.by crvinc. n
EnrcsTio liGsoacia. TJie CrprireFtstfof the
South ban been lor maUT iT!n?TiI?6fl'TOI3' most
commendable cCjru in ttie catLe of Internal Im-
provements and of late we notice with pleasure
that her people an turnin: their attention to tbe
great subject of pot ular education In their midst.
oar exenacges irom mat SMaie lor some urae pasi.
Live been large'y occupied with notices of school
exhibitions college commencemen'. educational
convec.ttfns.Ac &c Among them waslbeGeor-
pitt Tracberv Association which met at Madison on
tbe 9 h of August. Tbe objects of this association
aretueleraie the standard of education tbrougout
the State and to bring about such a system at will
place the means of a substantial Auerican education
witbln the means of e ery child of tb proper age.
In tbe Slate. A eoc'eiy. wboe ends are these
should receive the unqual 3oJ approbation aud merit
the enthus.stlc supprt of every man la the State.
The proceedings of tbe meeting are to be published
la pamphlet form and will give a new Impulse to the
noble patrlode eaue In the State and possibly
throughout the South. We are glad to witness this
interest In favor of edaeating tbe people of tbe Sooth.
It Is the first and most efficient step towards social
fndepeudenco. It I still true and ever will be that
"knowledge is power." Instead of ranting about
northern leflacnee let us go to work la earnest and
work out our own diMjathralltneat- by diffasing uni-
versal knowledge" among our people. Vew Or
Tnt Yirx It needs no fu.lt to break ahusbond's
heart; tbe abence of content the tnutterings of
spleen tbe nntiay crew toe cnecriess home; toe
forbidding scowl and deserted beanb; thee and
other nameless neglect without a crime among
them bave harruwed to tbe quick tbe bart'a core
of many a man. and planted there bejond tbe reach
of care the cerra of dark despair. O manv. manr
before th&tsad right arrives dwell on tbe recol
lections oi ner youm ana cnensbina ins aesr idea
of thst tunetut time awske and keep aliro the
promise she then so klndlr cave. And though she
may bare heca tbe luja-ed not tbe Injuring one
me lorgoiiea not we lorceuoi a nappy suasion to
that hour of peice and lore a kindly welcome to a
cberfal home a aciile of love to banish hostile
words a kiss of peace to pardon all all tbe pnst
and the hardest heart that ever locked itself within
the breast of a;llUh man will soften at her charms
and bid ber live as sue has hoped her yean In
matchlen bliss loved loving and content tbe
soother ot tbe sorrowing boor tbe source ot com-
fort and the spring of joy.
Moraxrrt. ExtT or a Whole Fikilt. Net long
since a stranger committed suicide at St. Louis
(Mo ) and upon his person was found the following
short but touchirg narrative of some of the most
prominent Incidents of his life ; Including tho series
of heart desolating brreaverantsfullowlng each
other with arpalllng rapidity which caused tbe
poor sufferer lo become so wearied with the deep
and agonizing gloom with which he was surround-
ed as to resolve on committing the rab though
under tbe circumstances pardonable act which
harried bis etricktm spirit from this "vale of tears'
to re-join bis loved ones la thit celestial realm
u where the din of tbe battle Is not heard and the
blighting breath of pestilence Is never felC The
original was in French of trice this Is represented
as a correct translation :
"I pray that whoever may find my body will make
no research for the murderer was myself. My
name Is Francis Henry deLon?rIlIe born at Parin
Apr.Hib.lS23. My ramify was ruined by a great
enterprise In 1S13. 1 married one of thoe souls of
which the world has few ani thought my happiness
was assured. 1 quit my native land with my little
family In the month of May and dis-enibarked at
New Orfans July 2tib tSJl. Bat alas having ta. t-edharptn-ss
only fifteen days a frightful calamity
covered us with mourning. My poor beloved wife
was atta-kod wlih the terrible cholera: after two
fcoirs or horrible suffering she expired. Hardly was
he bnried when my poor little boy mrd lb ree y rars
died of the earns dieae; my depiir was erv
great. But God had otill left me a little daughter of
thirteen months ho smiles gave me new strength
to resist lo faiure fur in this poor tittle Innocent I
saw aft thfl sweetness of her beloved mother. I ask-
ed nothing more of God than to live for my child
Bat God was pleaded to str.ke me again taking from
me the only good he had left me In the world. The
SOdi of October was tbe unhappy day on which 1
closed the eyelids of tav last treasure. Havin"
then no consolation left I rolvd in make an end
or It. Let no one blame me tor every man of feel-
ing mut understand what a burden life had become
The challenge to ihe world by V. Stringgeld to
lest the ploughs of Mr. T. E.C Brinly zgsiasl the
rloaghs of anr other uai.u'ac.iirer. tor 510009310
forfeit which appeared In the I-oulsvllle Courier a
few days since has ben accepted by A. M JtmlMm
Of Ohio and tbe forfeit deposited. The trial takes
placa In Hamilton county Ohio oa tbe lO.b day or
The corporation of orfolk having pased an or-
dinance Imposing a epecifle tax upon each resident
lawyer physician and dentist and an additional tax
if on ana a half per centum upon tbe Income de
lved from the practice of their profession. They
tvo bold a meeting and resolved to resist it paj-
Beot as urjat and naconstitutional. Counsel ts to
bt employed to test it legality.
Tse EMEsor ArsraiA. The Vienna Zeitung
acztoancs official tbat the young Empress la in
a coailtn lUi promises an itlx to tht throat cf
THURSDAY NOVEMBER 30 18J4.
The Vauinss The Forest of Bondy was played
last night lo a large audience and received hearty ap-
plause. We were amused this mornlug at observing
a specimen of Young America endeavoring to teach
a rough-looking jcliowcurto pull a string attached
to a ftnee evidently In Imitation of the dog at the
Varieties palling the tavern btH-repe which tickled
the youngsters amazingly.
To-night Messrs. Coney A-Webb appear In the
"Crossor Death' and Ihe Farce of the "Oiirang-
Outang" will be repeated.
Z3T Judge Hancock and Capt. 1111 of Austin
arrived in our ctly this morning on their way to
New Orleans. Tbe latter gentleman is a particular
favorite with tbe press and our colemporar.es would
consider it a grave emission were we lo neglect
noticing his peregrinations.
GALTXITOt sd Kib IttTt Kiiwoad. The
Ilouston fur stales tbat letters have been received
from Mr. Bremend announcing the purchase of
iron cars and engines for the first section of this
Frcx SAVASTorou The Intelligence Is to the 3d
Inst- the dsy on which the city was to be stormed-
It appoarrs tbat the idea of storming has been aban-
doned and the elow process of bombardment will be
continued. The despatches announce great dusalis-
faction among tbe maices In England at the little
progress tbat has been made In the war. Tbe enor
mous expense and the meagre reiutu have aroused
popular feeling and tbe British Ministry will hare
to institute more active measure. Sabastopol has
not yet fallen.
Ksow-NoTRiFO CoxvExnof It is staled that this
convention met at Cincinnati to revise the work of
the order and not to nominate a candidate for tbe
rrcsidency &a t first reported. Tbe ritual has been
changed and alterations have been made in the con
1? An unsuccessful attempt has been made to
recover the treasure lost with tbe steamer Yankee
Blade on the Facific coast. Tbe rock on which the
Yankee Blade struck Is about six feet under water.
Dexr Hnrnio The Gonzales Inquirer states
that a party of four persons killed seventeen deer
within fifteen miles of that town during two nights
camp homing. On another occasion Ihey killed
fifteen deer in one nigbL
Lo-scr toe New Exjl The detailed account of
tbe loss of this vessel on Long Branch N. J. on the
13.h iat stales: Of tbe 3S5 persons oa board 153
were rescued and 230 drowned. The Captain and
crew are blamed for their bate In leaving the wreck
and for indifference In regard lo the fate of tbe pas
IKvaSa. The correspondent of the True Delta
state that African slaves continued to be Introduced
Into Cuba. Two or three cargo had been landed at
Nuevas Grandet and other near points.
Montoro the citizen of New Orleans who was
arrested under suspicion of being the murderer of
Cataneda is still held In prison. He took a passport
from tbe Spanish Consul at New Orleans as a Span-
ish subject which places it out of the power of the
American Conul lo Interfere In bis behalf.
A man named Victor Francisco who Is charged
with the murder of the mate of the American brig
"Motto'" at Matanzas baa been sent from Havana to
the United States Martha at New York lor trial.
The American ship Metropolitan with United
States troops for Texas put Into Havana in distress)
oa the Htf) being without water.
Tee Caiana't News The latest dates from
Liverpool are to tbe lllh Inst three dars later than
by the Canadian. Tbe demand for cotton In Liver-
pool bad been brisk in the beginning of the week
ut some falling eff bad been experienced towards
tbe close. Fair Orleans was quoted at GYd mid-
dling Orleans at 51 fair uplands at C and middling
uplands at StfVB.
Breadstuff' had considerably advanced.
New Coicbes. Nine new stage coaches worth
about 5500 each bave been put into ecrr.ee by tbe
Western Texas Stage Company.
AFoTiTog. The editor of the Gonzales Inquirer
has received from some M fair young friend M a yam
weighing eight pounds.
De Witt ConrTT The District Court at Clinton
adjourned la consequence of the illness of the
Judge before tbe business was despatched.
CyU la proposed to Introduce into the next
South Carolina Legislature a bill prohibiting tbo
sale of Bowie Knives and pistols.
Eoocs Moiet. The New Orleans Ticsyune cau-
tious th e public against bogus meney which is being
extensively introduced In that city. The chief kind
Is hair dollars Jn imitation of those coined la the
New Orleans mint this year. They are soft badly
milled and ring imperfectly.
t27"In order to illustrate tho superior Judgment
and economy of private companies ever govern-
ments In works of internal Imgrovement the Co-
lumbia Democrat cites the recent expenditure of
20000 by the Government of the United States
on tho Colorado Raft which the editor says Is so
much money thrown away without any benefit what-
ever tie then adds: 'A private company created for
the same purpose never could raise the means nec-
essary for the work because they could not demon-
strate Its success." We believe tbo editor will find
by enquiring of soma of the old settlers or the Col-
orado that the same enterprise was undertaken
rosny years ago by a private company chartered by
tbe State or rather by the Republic of Texas and
failed after a tnueh heavier loss than the present.
Tse Draueo Fusottu. The Charleston News
publishes a letter from Mr. Gadsden our Minister in
Mexico stating that inquiries have been instituted
through an American merchant la Durtngo to the
arrest anl cruel treatment of tbe three Ameri-
cans Shlrly Rogers and Gaines who were reported
to bo In prison at that place. Mr. G. seems to think
It strange that tbe gentlemen who discovered these
prisoners did not address tbe American Legation la
Mexico on the subject and he states that tbe records
of his ofilse abow no correspondence on the anhject
although It was represented that the prisoners had
made several applications lo the United States Min-
ister. H7Charles W Stewart an officer or the noose or
Representatives committed suicide Id Washington
on Sunday night In tbe Speaker1 Room at the Capi-
tol by taking poison.
Cs The last mail from California brings intelli-
gence I hat tbe eupreme Court of that State baa de-
cided that tbe Chinese fall under tbe meaning of a
clause of the Constitution of California which says
that no black or mulatto persons shall be allowed
to give evidence in favor of or against a white man.
Coua Seep. The Civilian stales that a supply of
this seed has been forwarded by tbe U. S. Light-
boue Board to Lieut Steven and II. Stnatt Esq.
of this clij tor attribution. Colza is & plant that
resembles a cabbage and yields a valuable oIL
E7- The Recorder gives alcngthy account of a Fair
held by the ladies of Richmond for the benefit of the
Academy. As usual the ladies commanded libers!
patronage and 'hard Umea and the scarcily of
money were forgotten.
RaiLEoiD Uot. Tbe Recorder learns from un
doubted authority' that the iron to complete tho
railroad from Staffjrd'a Point to Richmond has been
purchased and shipped.
Caors h Foet Bero. The Richmond Recorder
after consultation with several planters concludes
that the cotten crop la Fort Bend will not exceed
one fourth of an average. It adds:
On many plantations the storm the rot and con-
tinued wet weather has flilorf Iho Mltnn wttStm.il
to that extent so as to render it next to an Impossl-
iuj yiitk n unu or gin u clean.
Tbe Recorder states tbat Richmond is improving.
There is an increased demand for lumber shingles
I me and brick. A few town lots have changed
hinds and the mercantile business is very fair.
Ikdu1! New. The State Times announces the re
turn to Auslio. on tbe 23d Inst. of Gen. Johnston
from a visit to the upper posts. Three weeks previ
ous the Indians had robbed Stem Ranch on the
Gear Tork of the Brazos of eleven yoke of oxen nine
horses and males and a hundred bushels of corn.
LleuL Given with S3 men started la pursuit with
strong hopes or overtaking the savages who num-
bered It Is thought about Tj. About the tame timo
the Indians stole cattle near Fort Chadbournc.
The Times says:
The soldier shot by Indians seven weeks ago Is
recovering. He had fourteen arrows In his body.
cievcn pcneiratea ine caviues oi ine enest ana an-
domen one of which passed through" the body
wounding the right lunj. Three struck the head.
CiT" The Picayune referring to Ihe statement
tbat a gentleman la Kentocky had received a
colonel commission in tbe Rasslan army and
woall leave in February or March accompanied by
a number or Eentuckians Tor St. Petersburg waati
to know what has become of tbe neutrality laws ?
By tbe first section or tbe act of 1816 it is made a
bgh misdemeanor punishable by fine and imprison-
ment to accept and exercise within the United
States any commission to serve a foreign prince
state colony district or people la war by land or
by sea agaiost any prince siats colony district or
people with whom the United Stales are at peace j"
and by th second section of the samo act it is made
crimioalto enlist or enter or procure another to
enlist cr enter "logo beyond thellmUaof the
United Stales with intent to be entered or enlisted
Into the service of any fort'gn prince state colony
district or people aa a soldier marine or seaman
on board an Twwl-of-war letUr of marque or
The ?io License Luw.
Judge Munger has decidedatRicbmond that this
law provides no penalty for selling liquor In Ies
quantities than a quart. A bill of exceptions was
filed and the case will be taken np to tho Snpremo
From our rcadlrgcf the law we decidedly sgrco
with Judge M unger.
The law certainly does not afllx a penalty lo tho
act of retailing liquor but simply forbids tbat any
license shall be gr anted. It was undoubtedly tbe in-
lion of the Legislature to make tbo retalinRof liquor
a punishable (.fierce and It Is daubllej the duly r
the Judiciary to interpret and enforce our laws ac-
cording to that Intention so far at if iay he cltarlj
arrived ctfrvm lie amuTL But whn the omissions
or oversights of tho Legi-laiuro arc such as ellht.r
to render tbe law a nullity or lo require cf tho Ju-
diciary tbe exercloe of krUlnlive powers then of
course the law mufit go by the board. We can eco
no other alternative however much we should
desire to save tbe law. Dad the law stated that tho
act of retatheg liquors should be punishable with-
out elating w hetber by fine or imprisonment or had
tt staled by fine alone without naming tbe amount
of it. tbe Judge would then probably bare felt the
necessity of exercising some discretion iu order lo
give effect to the very letter of the law ani might
therefore charge tho Jary that the law having made
the act of retailing liquors a punishable offence they
must accordingly find same punishment for it under
a sound discretion or ele the plain language as
well as Intention or the law would be defeated. But
tbe present law not only omits to deflna tbe penalty
but It does not even sny It-ere shall be any penally at
all; and certainly when an act U not made punish-
able by any express termsno Judge can be expected
to make it f o. His duty Is only to enforce the law ns
be finds it not lo amend it
The Temperance men will have to go work again
and have the present abortive law amended by a
new act of legislation prohibiting tho retailing of
liquors as an offence and afSxIng penalties accord-
ingly or sufficient severity to t&Vctually eaprress
tbe evil. Ailtscemiloberdshionabltoilateycars
fur legislators to refer back to the people to acer.
tain what may and what may not be popular be-
fore tbey venture to make laws it may be well in
this Instance for the people to tare them that trou-
ble and the delay consequent upon it by agitating
the necesity for such amendment to the present law
before the meeting of the next Legislature so that
their representatives may not be able lo plead the
want of instruction in Justification of any farther
neglect or of any further blunders I klhe present.
We have now sacrificed a large revenue lo grant 1m-
multy to ran mills. The jeople who supported the
law with so much unanimity have ben egregiously
Imposed upon. Without enquiring into the minute
details and provisions of tbe law they supposed It
would accomplish the great e&d of suppressing or
at least Inflicting penalities on tbo retail of liquor.
They knew that this was the Intetition of tbe law
and they supposed their law-makers bud senso
enough to carry out that Intention. Whereas they
now find that tbe law has precisely tho opposite
tffocl operating to tbe encouragement of grog shops
all over tbetate. Some express tbo opinion that
this result is quite aa much attributable to design oa
the part or some members as to carelesbscss on the
part of others.
Some little lime since we saw proper to question
onr neighbor of IheNewa" upon tbe subject cTcer
tain priociples which he bad avowed and which
were directly opposed to the position Kbich we
have asumed and bold sacred. We did so mildly
courteously and respectfully. The editor tf the
News has been guilty of durourtety In not au-
ewenng them. Not tbat e think it a matter
or Importance as Tar as any principle Involved Is con-
cerned do we complain lor it isoarbilitf that the
Inquiries could not havo been answered sa:i facto riiy
to the editor of tbe News ; but as a public journalist
bets not so far removed above tho cvvwton herd who
follow tbat profession as to bo able to look down In
silent commiseration upon anybody unless as wo
inspect lathis Instance the commiseration Is ftlt
for his o n position and the ailCLce Is as acknowledg-
ment of error JaurnaU
We acknowledge our want of courley la not hav-
ing noticed the Interrogations put to ns some timo
since by the Journal. But the truth Is our time was
so much occupied at that time thst wo did not see
the article in question nor Indeed hare we seen it
yeL We were however Informed of the article and
Intended to give It our earliest at'cntlon but upon
inquiring for the papr two or three days after could
not find it In our oQcc. This occaioued some
farther delay and wo finally concluded the eulj-ct
might be clashed with those things which if not
noticed la proper time had better not bm roticd at
alL Wo confes we have no desire to engage in
another discussion about Squatter Sovereignty in
whlchwe cannot expect our readers generally to lake
much Interest; but it certainly was lie farthest
from our purpose to intend any disrespect to our
neighbor. We must however say In all frankess
that we have berctofor given reasons for our opin-
ions in favor of the Ncbratka bill to fully and a
we thought to unanswerably tbat wc do not expect
to add to their force by contlculng tho argument
now. Wo eaa do little more than repeat by a
differnl form of wcids what wo bave heretofore
We are opposed lo the doctrine of Squatter Sov-
ereignty and have never been ablo to find It In tbe
Nebraska bill. Tho Journal Is alo opposed to that
strange doctrine but thinks It Is la that bill and Is
hecce opposed to the bill Itself. Now If tbe people
ot the Nebraska Territory claim such absolute sov-
ereignty over the whole question of slavery even
before they become a State they must certainly do
It by virtue of tbat law for until the passage of that
law no such power was ever thought to belong to a
territory. This we presume will not be denlel. But
canournelghborof the Journal find in that law any
auch express grant of absolute sovereignty over
slavery ? Wo say tifttti because we do not admit
tbat such a power can be claimed by implication
Wesay that it devolves on those who claim such a
power to show tho express grant of it and raiting to
chow It they should cease to claim it. Wo nlmit
that the Nebraska bill gives the people of that terri-
tory all tbe power that can be given them under
tbe constitution. The language delegating tbo-e
powers Is very strong and comprehensive but still
general In Its terms making no epec'flc mention or
any power over the subject of slavery and finally
concludes by expressly limiting its territorial grant
of powers to each as are allowed lo a territory by
theContilulion or in tbe language or the law It-
self Nebraska and Kansas are declared "subject only
lo the Constitution' and are only restricted
In their powers by tbat instrument. So says the
Nebraska bill. It therefore appears tons tbat tbe
only way the doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty can
be found In tbat bill. Is first to contend for U in the
Constitution Itself; for as the bill makes its grant
of powers subject to the Constitution' it follows
Inevitably that It was Intended to grant co powrr
prohibited by or not consistent with the Constitu-
tion. We bcileve our neighbor Is no ad rotate for
the constitutionality oT Squatter Sovcraeignty and
we cannot therefore see how he finds this doctrine In
tho Nebraska bill. Bat if a still stronger argument
Is thought necessary it appears to us lo be furnish-
ed by the debates daring the passage of that bill.
We published some few days ago a passage from
the journals oftho House of Representative show-
ing that two 'separate tffjrts were made by two
members of that body to amend tbeXebnukabill by
au express grant of power over the subject of slav-
ery and the extract also shows that both efforts were
defeated by a large majority. Is not thin conelcsi.e
proof that Congress not only did not believe the bill
contained such a power but also that tbey did not
intend that It should 1 To make this case tfll stronger
the very members who thus tried lo get this Squar-
ter Sovereignty incorporated Into the bill declared
on tbe floor of Congresi that tbey would vote
against tre bill unless their amendments nere adopt-
ed; and tbey did vote against the bill because tbey
could not sueceid i n getting this power Into it.
Andyet those free soller who wanted that power
In the bill now find it very convergent to say that It
is there and they hare even persuaded some South-
ern men to agree with thera. Mr. Dooglas and
other Northern advocates of the bill knew very
well that a clause granting rosr over slavery
v. ould havo'arrayed the whole South against the bill
andcBUsed its certain defeat. Ilercethe amendments
to which we have referred g.vii g that power were
ail rejected one after another. lYe should suppose
that facts like these ought to put an cod to&I
Bat they will not. We shall doubtless still be
asked why ltl that inch and such Statesmen and jour-
nals contend for the doctrine of Squatter Soverelgnlr
If It la not In this bill ; jast as If this question Is to
be decided by mere opinions regardless of facta and
arguments. As long as this coarse Is pursued we
certainly cannot hope for any profitable results to
grow out of tho discussion.
The Gaowtto or Millet ix Lxot Cocttt. Tho
"Leon Fionecr" adds another instance to the many
before cited by the different newspapers of Texas
of the peculiar adaptedness of the soil an J climate
of our State to tho successful culture of millet
Col. Blaka brought home from the west last spring
a jear or two ago a few millet seed-which he sowed
on his plantation In this county by way of experi-
ment. The reult has exceeded his most sanguine
expectations. He Informs ns that two crept can bo
growa during tbe same sfa0D and that for pretend-
er for horses and cattle the millet Is equal if not
superior to corn and fodder and supplies the place
of both. The amount if provender yielded by an
acre of millet I far beyond probably doable what
the same land would yield planted in corn or any
other grain grown In this climate; while the labor
necessary to plant and harvest It Is much lew. U a
are surpned that millet Is not extensively raied by
oar rimers. For rough food for hores and cattle it
Is infinitely superior to fodder and one hand canful
and save more provender In the millet fiM than fire
bands can by palling fodder In tbe cornfield. Iflt
is as valuable as represented f.ir provender cf liich
we have no doubt. Its cultivation will proven great
advantage to tbe country. He hope that cur
farmers will at least give it a trial.
Colt Revolvers. Fho English papers state
that tbe number of the repeating pistols or revol-
vers manufactured by Mr. Colt during the last two
years amounts to two bonired thoasand. The Vice-
roy of Egypt has lately or lered five thousand of them
for equipment of his cavalry ; and the British Board
of Ordinance dispatched some time ago. ten thous-
and to tbt Baltic Sect
T'iO Irl'h Republican league inew York has
announced tho receipt of Intelligence from Dublin
having Important influence on their Interests The
precipe nature of the Information la withheld but
It Is reported to b to the effect that an extensive
organization of the revolutionary parly In Ireland
is beng tfiVcted. Religious differences are lo bo
ca't aside ani a uulon of all sects and denomina-
tions invitod lo eflVct the one paramount otject
the iidepei.deii of lie nation. Tbe war with
Russia wh.ch eugagas tbe attcHion of England
promises to last a considerable length of time and
afford the Irish a good opportunity of accomplishing
their purpose. There can bo no doubt that tho Irish
leaders have looked forward to such at me with
hope and anxiety but that they bare mcatis to tfcke
cdtanUgeof it is somewhat doubtful.
Internal distractions trllng chiefly out of re-
ligious differences arraj ng cretd against creed In
uncompromiking hostility render Ireland neat.
The predomiLance of Catholicism suggest to dl
scnler a couotction of (hat Catholic church with the
State in the event of a successful revolt and they
choose rather M to bear tho Ills tbey have than fly
to others that tbey know nut of." It Is the dirpo-
si.inn of most religious bodies to grasp a'ler power;
and clerical authority onco obtained Is not disposed
lo be tolerant cf opimsitfon. In tho days of
O'Connel tbe cry was : Ireland for tho Irish" a
watchword prognostic of civil war and the persecu
tion t f dnentem had repeal been effected. Ire land
howe.er burily England may bo engaged will
have great difflcul'y iu freeing herself from English
rule. A respectable minor iiy of her citizens will
oppose the ettempl ard her peasantry though bold
are unskilled In the uc of arms undisciplined and
naturally volatile and It Is to be feared tbat the
attempt at independence will terminate in reaction
ary consequences such as have heretofore made the
chains or her bondage lighter; and on tbe other
hand we cannot believe tbat she pofsei'cs sufficient
of lbs elements of republicanism to form a stable
government. Her masses "re untatore 1 nnd
bigoted and if. In success they should escape
anarchy it may only be to enlablbh a despotism or
a monarchy more absolutd than English rule.
13" Tho Columbia Democrat oljects to the State
undertaking tbe construction or its own railroads
and assigns as one reason tbat It will cost the State
twice as much as private corporation. We ehouM
not thick this circumslanceeven if admitted would
bo a very serious otjectlou with tho-s who were in
favor of the law giving more than ten millions of
acres to tbe Pacific Railroad Company Inasmuch aa
all admit tbat such a vast empire of land will sell for
several times as much money as tho road will cost
Ing before it Is completed. Suppose (he Stale were
to build tho road at a coet of 39000 per mile- for 800
miles inlength from Red River to EI Pa.) the whole
cost would be S24 000000. The land now donated by
the law lo the company is over ten mil'ions of acres
which will belong to the State if the State builds the
road the valuo of which can hardly be less than ten
do'lars per acre after tbe road is built which
makes the sum cf 3100000000 saved to tho
State by building tbe roiii here!f being more
than four timea the cost of the road. But admit as
the Democrat says that lle company can bu.Id Ibe
road for half Ihe money it would cot tbo Slate In
this cae. It would cost the company 913000000 and
the Company would on n the laud worth 5 100000000
wkli.li would ho more than eight times Ibe cost of
the road. The full force of the oljclion made by
the Democrat then amounts 'o this namely tbat the
State by building tbe road would make a clear gain
or S1W 000000 e3 S21 000000 whereas the com-
pany wcro they lo build Ii would mako a clear gala
over tbe cost of the road rr $100000000 less $12-
000000. Tbe argument amounts to this that It is
better to give the company the opportunity of mak-
ing $:SOCO000 out of the. State than fur the Statqjo
save' $70000000 by building the road herelf.
But it will probably bo said that tho company will
not be able to realize 510. per acre for all tbe land
aa cues of it will bo sold or hypothecated long be-
fore tbe road Is built in order to gel the means to
build If This argument only ebon s the more plain
ly tbat tho company wou'd depend upon the laad
for the necessary means and not on their own re-
sozree; for surely if they liar means or credit of
their own they w ouIJ not sacrifice so many millions.
by selHng tho land before the road Is built.
OCTU5ES or UciTKB.aai Histobt Jenfcs Hick-
lings A. Swan publishers New York. Tbls U pot
only a valuable book of reference tut is also exten
sively uetd nsaTcxt Book In American Colleges ond
Schools. It Is a translation from the German of Dr.
Geo. Weber by Dr M Eehr rrofesor of German
Litcriluro in Winchester College and has been re-
vised and corree'ed with the addition of a history
of the United states of America by Francis Bo wen
i. M. It is a history of tbe world from the crea
tion to tho present time embracing alt the most Im-
portant events aa tbey occurred In regular succes-
sion. Tbo American Editor has added a sketch of
of the History of tbe United Slates from tbo period
of tbe first settlement at Jamestown and Tiymouth
down to the peace of IS 15 with a summary of po-
litical events occupying nearly 100 pages which has
made the work now as complete a compendium cf
Universal History which It purports lo be as any
we have seen. Il is well worthy the attention of
teachers who will find It a valuable acquisition for
Schools and Colleg".
Famos isd raMtxEbyMrs. AnneS.Slephcns
Bunce A. Brother publishers New York. Mr.T. L.
White of New Orleans handed us a copy of this In-
teresting book which Is now so much sought after
and gaining a popularity fully equal to tho Lamp-
lighter and other works of that class which have
been bo much the rage of late. It is tho first novel
tbe talented Authoress has cs'ayed to bring before
the pnbhc and from the success it has met with
we may reasonably hope to see some further pro
ductions from her fertile pen. Tbe scenes depicted
In high and low Ufa in New York are such we pre-
sume as may be seen every day. Tbe plot Is well
worked np and the characters occupying the two
ex'reme position aa Indicated by the title are skil-
fully brought together and the story winds up not
like most novels with a wedding or two but with
tbe death of an amiable good old man who was on
the eve of execution for a murder of which he was
wholly Innocent '
A FkeeINegko named JAn Stewart eays the
Cincinnati Gazette of the 15th Inst waa tried for
stealing In that city. He pleaded guilty and slated
that he bad co rood ; could get no work ; had been
kicked and abused by the whites and had stolen to
provide himself with the mcctsaries cf life. He
had been a slave in North Carolina and naa pur
chased himeelf. He declared that he would go
South and become a slave again. He v. as sentenced
to tbe chain gang fur one month. Couldn't Mrs.
blowe interweave this incident pathetical'y with
thoie of her forthcoming novel ?
TiixSorrnzR Commercial CoivaxTioy which
met In Charleston In April last adjourned to meet
in New Orleans ou the first Monday in January next
whetc wo presume extensive preparations will be
made for the reception of Ihe delegates.
Texa3 should be represented on this Inler"itlag
occasion and we suggest to the merchants of this
city tho propriety of sending representatives.
Out of one hundred and ten steam packets now
employed In carrying the United Stales mails fifty-
four are built of wood and Illy of Iron ; eighty-nine
are propelled by paddte-wbL-el and twenty-one by
Thi New York Even'ng Port of Frtdar. says:
"Pr. Graham the individual who was Indicted and
found guilty of killing Mr. Luring was sentenced
thiaroornlog by Judge Mitchell Ios-tcb yean' Im-
prisonment la the State Prison it mnst bo borne In
mind that the bill of exceptions Is not yet d posed
of and tbe sentence cannot take effect until il has
been argued and decided which will take some
months. We have no Idea as we have already sta-
led that the verdict i good for anything and take it
for granted that it win oo set nwe."
PaLLSTITE NOV 21.
While two companies of rarcers were here a dif
ficulty look r'ace in which a number of rereons
were engaged. Il resulted In tbe shooting of Doctor
aimer oi iienaerson uj m. l.. Long.
The sbootlnslssaldloharebecnaccidental. Mil
ler is dead. Ittm
AtOTUES. ATTEJIrT TO CLEAR CUT THE RED RlTER.
ruFT.jhaSbreveport South Western of the 1st
Inst- makes the following announcement :
Col. A. U. Fuller of the United Stales topographical
engineers having been detailed from tho snperin-
temlency or Ihe improvement of the Ohio river to
reconnoitre and report on a plan lo remove the Red
Kiver raft arrived hero oi Saturday and left en
Monday to vistCol.J.B.Gilmer. Col. roller's as-
sistants laborers instruments etc will arrive on
Ibe Trader when he will proceed lo tho head of the
rift and survey down to iu foot. He will afterwards
survey thi JaKe ond careturv examine all the bsv
oa and o'ber outlets of tbo river. Afttr which be
will be able to decide as to the best and mot feasi-
ble methol or accomplishing tbe desired Improve-
ment in the navigation of our river. If Ibo appro
prialion lssafilciently large which we doubt Ihe
work will be spcedi'y and well done.
For Jipa Oar American merchants renowned
the world over for enterprise are 1 eginning to try
what can be dons in tbo way of trade in tbe newly
opened japan maraei. me u-irt ljn hopptscb
Capt. J. 11. Eagleton cleared at ?a3em(Mas.) a few
days ego for Japan and porta In tho Pacific.
Lola Montex has left California and will winter in
me sacuwicn taunus.
ExxiobaTiO' to Texa. We learn from two cen-
lleman who arrived here a day or two ago from Fort
Washita says the Fort Smith (Ark.) Herald or the.
llih that tbe road between Fort Gibson and Fort
Washita is literally fl.Il with emigrants from Illi
nois Iowa Missouri and Yi isconstn. cuing lo Texas.
Tbey counted one hundred and eighty wagons be
tween uiose two posts supposed u contain aooui
seventeen hundred emigrants.
Wagons are crossing the river daily at this place
for Texas ani sometimes we see emigrants returning
Tcrj iituc i uicsa.tE .cu.
The Harrisonburg (Catahoula Tarish) Independant
of Wednesday last ssjs ;
For the paal two months our streets have been
fall to overflowing" wilh emigrants on their way to
Texas. II ond teds are daily passing through most of
whom are In prosperous circumstances and who will
contribute largely lo lbs wealth and population ol the
young giant Stale.
AsroR IIoCeeN'ei7 oaar
Nov. IT 1S31 I
Eds New a: Thinking a lew lines from the city
of Gotham would be acceptable to your readers I
hate concluded to snatch a few a few moments Trout
Bight-scelnj to Indite them. Fora ftw days past
tbe result of the election In Lhia Slate was In much
doubt. Seymour bcig thought lo have the returns
by a small majority; but the tflicial returns this
morning gire it to Clarko by fifty majority. Clarfco.
you know it tbe fuu'on candidate fusiLn cf tie
Whigs aud FreeSoileis. Tho Know Nothings will
conlest tbe election for Mayor and from the "signs
of the timet" In this vgton with sacee.
Money was ti-ver fo scarce In New York city as tt
present. I experienced this very senaib'y In rur-
chairgtbe "Sun Oflce." H the way permit me
to request EJitorswho wlh lo exchange with the
"Sua to aend thel papers lo the Sun Office
Richmond Texts" en tho lit of January neit. as
we shall be prepared to publish the Sun at that time.
The houaesof ajia-ement are In full blat from
the Academy of Music with Mario ani GrUi as
stars down to the Yodel Artist m H.n Mni'.mm-
wLejtVjje human foim divine is portrayed a. wilh
thei' t of TraxiliV s. Tbe building of the Acad-
emy v V5'c f tid to ha tho handsomct In
the world certain.! the finest I ever saw and the
only room I have ever eeu at ull approaching it in
architectural finish lube Library Room In the Na-
tional Capitol. Tho Academy of Music was filled to
overflowing las' Tuesday evening; but I do not
think by a very appropriate aadincefroi.. one fact.
Mario ard GnsI wire losing I.Punlani. Grislas
Elvira and Mario as Lonl Arthur. But Mario waj
sick and a second rate rxtisle was thesublituto;
yet whenever Lord Arthur ma Jo his appearance in
this opera the most tumultuous applauta succeeded ;
the audience generally thinking bim to bo Mario.
Such U New York er preciation of mu!c.
The addition to our National Capitol already pre-
sents quite an imposing appearance. The brick
work of the walls hi done and the workmen Lave
commenced pulling &p the marble on the outside of
said walls. Thcaddillon will bo completed irnbably
by next Fall at a crust of Are millions of dollars.
You will seo by the- papers that Indiana bank
notes are at a large discount; bul several firms here
are receiving them at par.
Yours 4c In haste E. U. E.
HorsTOT Nov. 27 2351.
Eds. Nans: We are erjjihg aniot delightful
Norther. This morning revealed such a frost as is
not oflcn witne-scd In these parts plentiful and
white accompanied with ice which would not have
discredited a mure northern climate. A perfect Mon-
day morning's rush of wagon made their appcar-
anco la our streets this morning.
The registers of our hotels exhibit evidences of
activity in travel. Getter health could not be desired
than that which Is now CBjoycd by this community.
Inthort everything pertaining to Houston I look
I learn thai our wholesale sirchanLs are matins
fair sales that they have ample Blocks of merchan-
dize. I trust tbat the advertising columns of our
and your newspapers will soon show. Our mer
chants are rather slow in learnlm; tho advantages of
advertising but some of our Young Araricans ere
teaching the Old Fogies ufut lessens tn that sub-
ject. The demand for uefilaod substantial literature
Is decidedly greater In this market this year than
daring any previous season. This Is owing dosb'-
Iea in a good degree to the liberal. ty of booksellers
In advertising. There Is no other busines In which
advertising will pay belter than the book business
Two of our enlerr rising young printers have de-
termined to make aa effort to alart a tewpaper In
Liberty. It Is to be hoped that tLe Intelligent com-
munity Interested In tht thriving town will give
ample encouragement to an enterprise so well cal-
culated to promols tho welfare of that important
Bction of country.
Our citizens are taking measures for an appropri-
ate obervanc of Thanksgiving Day. Tublic ser-
vice will be hcldia tho churchL and addresses
suited to the occasion delivered
A series of Popular Lectures for the winter even-
ings Is in contemplation.
Our Lyceum has been resnssltated and is doing
very well. Yours A-C.
Trox Mexico. By tbe sleamer Orizaba arrived
at New Orleans tdvlcei have been received fiom
Vera Cruz lo the Sid lust.
The authorities of the State of Guerrera had sent in
a docn-nenl protesting their loyality to tbe Supreme
Government and repudiating wilh mn:Ii virtuous
indignation tho ''traitor Alvarez."
A boat convey lag 570000 in specie to Ihe Crillh
etearacr In the harbor orTaraplco got nnder the
wheeloftho Btcamerand was capsized; the specie
The Mexican Government continues to send troops
to those Departments that arc fa aetata tf insurrec-
tion notwithstanding the statements mado by the
newspapers friendly Jo Santa Anns that ihe rcvo'n-
tionlsts had been effectually put don. Numerous
arrests havo leco made in the C.ty of Mexico. Am-
pud.a has been removed from the Governorship of Xtr
co Leon and ordered to Mexico charged it la said
wilh complicity In the TimsuUpos movement
The position of Ilu Serene nighncss of Mexico
seems any thing but fpcu re to an Impartial observer.
He bos usurped central authority made tho several
Mates mere depealenrjcs trammeled tbe press acd
crushed every Indication of opposition to his schemes
save tbo present revolutionary atttrort. With the
exhaustion of the money received for the MciIIa ter-
ritory his Influence must decline and Alrarezand
State Sovereignty will gain tbe ascendant.
On tbe Northern frontier of iltxlco the ravages of
the Indians continue unabated.
Additional .eirs by the AsIa.
The Canadian screw steamers Cleopatra nnl Otta-
wa are embarking troops the former at Cork tbo
Utter at Portsmouth.
Alexander Smith Ibe young poet has been ap-
pointed by tbe Queen as.stani to tbe astronomy for
The visit of Lord Cannon to Pans relative to the
arrangement of a more equitable system of postage
between France and England has His sold succeed-
ed to a certain extent. The postage oTa single letter
Is henceforward report says to be til. (12 sou)
either way. In place of iOd. paid at present in Eng-
land and 1G sous In France "
Arcbde-ncon WUberfuree has formally connected
himself with the Roman Catholic Church.
The Ruaian prisoneta In Franco are employed in
repairing tbe fortifications of the Island orAix. Tbe
men receive ono cent and a half a day and the pro-
visions of an army in campaign; the fleers receive
100 or 200 francs a month according to their grnde
without provision. The wives or lbs officers hive
SO francs a month; tbe wives oftho soldiers have
nothing bat rations of bread
The expected decree upon the dlsdllatlon of
breadstufff has sprearH. Tho manufacture of al-
cohol from all fattneceous substances is forbidden for
the preent- Tbo Miniver of Agriculture says in bis
repot U that in spite of the incontestable abundance
of tbe harvest prices continue b'gh; tbat Immense
purchases of grcin bare been madd by the diitlllfrti
and tbat public opinion Isbeg'nning to be seriously
concerned at Ihe j ropprt.
Two of ths Esiperur Napoleon's ministers are III In
In Paris M. llillauit. Minister of thelnterlor.and M.
Bmeau Minister or tinance who has lost hts voice.
Pried Napoleon Is authorized to wear ibe military
medal for his "fine conduct at Alma." This military
mt-dul is given principally to privates who distin-
guish themselves and has moro than occa been be
stowed upon retired soldiers who bare beeomo rall-
road gate keep-rj. Itlsaqnes i n whether tt wilt he-
reccieu wiiu mant: oja ip?0"'1 01 UIVISIOU nau a
grand cordon of the Legion of Honor
Letters from Rome speak of extensive prepara-
tions being made there lor lha Erangelic.il Council
to bs held nxt month for the purpose of j runouue-
lag the Virgin immaculate in ber conception aid
free from original tin. Sr Peter's Ibo Vatican the
ChapelieSiXicsSLJeanddLateran Ac. are to be
refreshed aLdrtborcitbed J their courts arc to be
lavedinmraoic. Tho Vatican will bo lighted with
gss. The council will be held at St-Jean de Lateran
next month; and the dogma will be rromalgated
with all the pomp of which the Eternal City Is capa-
ble on the B.h of December the f.ie or the Holy
and now as it seems the Immaculate Conception.
Fire hundred foreign prelates will attend the cere-
mony IK WAR IV TBE EAST.
A letter from tbe Baltic says that tbe Golf of
r miand oniy coniams iwu strung places which would
be of value lo tbe allies ; namely t-weaborg which
woald render them masters or Finland nod tronnait
which would open tbe road lotL Petersburg. Revel
ts of little or iio use as it ii si Uncut any strategical
line and fur several years pat H has ceased to be a
Rus-iin naval nation. Tbo capture ol Sweaborg
with tbe maritime forces or tho allies and 3i)GCO to
40000 of kind force m'ght ho considered as ceitiln.
The nature if the coast is such that a land ng cannot
tepreven'cd proVidodilbeiC'ctedat five or six
miles distant from Uelsingfots which canoLobe
Toward the en 1 of November by which time Ibe
GuU of Finland wdl be fruzeu over tbe fleet will
leave for Eng'and. Having got through tbo Great
Belt each ship will mako tit cocraefer the Briti'h
shores irrespective tt stations or keeping In com-
pany with tbe command -Ic-cbIef.
Bucharest advices of th? 3Uth utt. stite that In
consequence of the movement on tho trertth by
sadj k Pacha Priace Gortachikofl his given order
to the Russian troops wbo hud not yet pasted the
Dntister to make a retrograde movement and to
take np a position on the Pruth and Danube A eh met
Pacha bas received ordera tojotofNldyk Pacha with
l'l 000 men whilUlikcndcr Bey is to enter the Do-
brad.chawltb 4000 cavalry. The truth of the mat-
ter eecins tobetliatGortsch3sxffa reported move-
ments in the Dubrndscba bad reference merely to
strengthening his preliion.
Errxvr crocp. atziTOEtx The following laa
list of Territories.
their extent tbat bare al-
rcaii j vr
50on apply for ad-
b of Arkansas elcct-
L.S. Senator to fill
tesignatlon of tne
ft during ine last
for Arkansas in
; of the Gover
. elected Mr.
tears from Ibe
A Hundred Tear Ajjo.
Only three summers since a Frencn gentleman in
tho Highlands was gazm with sonifl surprise at the
trarqnil and ordinary scenes around bim aud say-
leg tbat his friends at Taris ha I advised him to
come upon lis journey well prov did with puUit
and sword since- they bid him bear in mlnd.you
ere goinTto the country t f Rob Roy I" Wo can
scarce blame thee Parisians foreo faithfully remem-
bering that little mora than a hundred years ago
Rob Koy wa. able to levy ' black mall on all who
came beneath the ahadow of his mountain. But
they misht at least wlih equal ren-on have applied
the same advice to England; for much less than a
hundred years ago the great thorough fares near
Loudon and abuvoaii tbe opean heaths as Bag
shot an! Ilouns'ew were Infested by robbers on
httrsebackr w ho bore tho name of highwaymen
Booiy thee men were determined by some means or
otter to obtain.
In the reign of George the Firt they stuch up
handbills at the gates of many known rich men In
London forbidliDg any onu cf them on pain of
ileum lo travel irom town wunoma waicuur le-n
than ten guineas of money. Private carriages and
public couveyanccfl were aliko tht ot jecls of attack
Thus for instance In 1.-J Satball tbo solicitor
and friend of I.OM Chatham returned trom nam in
hisearrinrr with his wife and child was stonncd
and fl-edat near llounilew ami died of tho fright.
In (lie sain year tho guard or ine tsorwicn stage (a
man of diff-trenl metal from the lawyer) was killed
inEi tin? ruret. after be bad hlmelf (hot dead
tbrte highwaymen out of seven that assailed him
IjCt it nit be supposed that such examples were but
few end between; they m'ght from tbe records of
that timo have been numbered by the score; allho'
In most cases the IjM was rather of properly
Thco outrages appeared to bave Increased "a
f-eq'ieney towards the closa or tbe American war
Horaco alpole wrting from Strawberry Hill at
that tims com pis ns that noting lived there in quiet
for thirty year he cacuot stir a mile from bis own
hnna afier sunart. witbuut one or two servants
armed with bundrbnes Sumo men of tank at
that period Earl Berkeley above all were lamed
for tbelr skill and courage ia dealing with such as-
sailants. Oreday so runs theslory Lord Berkeley
travelling after dirk on Ilounslow Heath was
awtkened from a slumber by a atrange face at bis
Mmi? win daw and a loaded nictol at bis breat.
Mhave you now my Lord said the intruder.
"alter all your coasts as i near mat jou wduiu
npTpr let Tniirself be robbed."
1 Nor would I now" said Lord Berkeley putli eg
his band Into his Docket as tnougb to uraw lortn
his purse. 'but for that fellow peeping over your
Tbe highwayman hastily turned round to looknt
thisnnexDccted Intruder when tho Eiri pulling-out
instead oi a purse a piaioi niiuauutumiucBuuu ue
rgrrxapjo 'Ex. --Didlcvcr tell you how near
I came to losing my election as Senator TT aaid tbe
.Oj i o iictu not.
"Well it was a'logether owing to Waierem's not
Laving a sufllulent supply of liquor on hand You
set! Ii e main strength of ourjariy lies lathe upper
end of the county 'tpeelatly emong the Inhabitant
(irtbeewamrsaiitlscalk-d. S3 you see about two
days before tho elect'on. I sends Sam up among the
Swampers with five gallons of tbe real hardware-
tremendous stuff knock a horse down Ihe last
Waterem had on hand. About fuur hours back
: came Sam ho seio perfIratIon himself In fright
and everything indicating an untoward staid of
U bat's the matter Sam I" said I.
Matter!" said be "matter enough you have
outraged the feelings or the virtuous Swampers;
they Bwearths: any man wbo expects lo gu to the
Senate for three ycirs anl can't affjrd ten gallons
or whiskey I too mean for the post tbey won't
vote for him."
"Matters lopked squally enough. Only ore store-
keeper within a day's ride and he a Whig. Of
cuure ha wouldn't sell any Pquor to me so near
Called a counc.I cf war Immediately Lawyer
Ro s and several more. Ros proposed a letter of
apology lo tbe disaffected. Rrjected wouldn't do
without wblkey. Ca'e Alright was the Wlow to
help us out; always full of expedients He pro-
posed to water the liquor up to the right quantity
We dlJ so hut on trying it found it much too weak
for our friends. Such stuff wouldn't go down with
them. Calo asked If e had any o'her spirit; hand-
ed him about a gallon of gin; tn it went tasted tt
not strong enough. Fourd about a qjsrt of rum-
poured it in. t-am tried it "Too weak." sa.d he.
lie were at our wit's end. Rid pepper" a-dd
Cale. It was brought In went a poiind.be stirred It
up. "Capital" said be. We tried It and nearly
bliitered ourth-oats It woull have killed rats.
Saiu took Hup next day. (Xplaininx that It was all
owing to the scarcity ol Lqucr In the nelghbOrbood.
that a fresh supply of the best "Old Monnngthale"
had been obtained and invited a trial of Its merit.
They were mollifird pronounced it tberale stuff"
and I became Senator by a mijoriiy of two hundred
Mania a cunouy the Iea use he has for money
tha moro be worships It Misers are alway folks ot
tery small stomachs en I no kin people.
Punch tbirks that the American Jatktrs of tbo
finest babies' shouli bave some reward. As It
I. tbo mothers have all tho credit and all tbe tea-
sets. An old lady being late at church entered as tho
congregation were rising for prayer. La ! " said
she courtcsylng don't get up on my account'
Navigating Balloon. Last Saturday evening
at the Acr House a gentleman named Tibbets
exhibited a model of a balluon which be claims Is so
contruced as to overcome obstacles hitherto un sur-
mounted by aeronauts. ith this balloon tbe pro-
jector ins stt one can rio to any height with capacity
to guide it in a given direction ani descend at any
point deIrcd. He employs tbe gas ordinarily used
ti iifljtebblloonsugin it however as a depres-
sing power as well as for purposes of elevation. He
does this br compressing a portion of the gas when
he wlfhes to ascend thereby converting it into bal-
last. Two revolving wings attached near tbe base
propel tbo balloon in tho direction required. Tbe
revolution of these create a constant current of a'r
towards the rear thai enabling it to be guided by a
ruider. Mr. Tib bet says that with a balloon of
adequate caacityand strength long and protected
aerial journeys may bn attempted to any point and
la perfect security. A. Y. Timr.
A Hard Hir. The Fayettevlllo (N.C) Observer
has the Wowing rather severe strictures on the
manner ii which Ihe telegraph is maxsged In tbat
The te'egrapli will never be the ueful InstrumertV j f th TVesf-tte Brazos and Colo-
It should until thn whole ey.tem is remodeled it A . ..... "-
seems lobAve been conceived In sin and brought' f0 valleys and seme still further westward to
forth In tuquily anl reared amon thieves. U is
IikoCuloutl Uhe-Icrd book tells Hi? most Inter
esting itories reports news and tacts t tho greatest
consequence an 1 to tbe public would be Invaluable
iroue could only detect the truth. Unfortunately
that is difficult ; anl tbe " earnest Inquirer" wbo
seeks It will 8 id that ho is traveling a road as rough
aa i assigned by an EJtlopean melody to an ancient
river In the East. We want a new and different set
of cCcer to control tho finances and make gtntrul
not yarfimer dividends : and a new set of reporters
who have tense enough to give ua the good article ;
and a new set ol operators In mot locabtie who
attend to their businc know how to spell and
keep a secret. When we obtain these Improvements
we may look-forward to a telegraphic mitlenium.
At present tt seems afar off and anl ke ether things
la this changing world the distance dees not Improve
The SileIaT Journal has a letter from St. Telei
burg in whUh the regular Uns'Ian armv la estimat
ed at CjO10O men. Tne infantry Is said toconslst of
tMUU tne cavairy or Ko too. ine artuery or 1.3500
aud tbe engineer corps of 13.500; 30000 Cosacts
are divided among the d Cerent divisions. The fore-
going is evidentaty a gross exaggeration hnt tbe
Russian writer Is not content with it and endeavors
to mike tho hair oftho Czar's enimies stand on
end" by Informing them tbat the reserves
irregular troops and contingent of tbe military colo-
nies amount ingethT to 1200000 men bo that bis
M-Je-ty the Emperor Nicholas. uhas above two mil-
lion of mounted Aarriors wbo are prepared to meet
death in the cau'ejof their Sovereign."
Every man has his prfe. This assertion howev-
er It may ditsgree wilh our notion; of human nature
Is still too true and of too much importance to be
njected in practice. Practical life whatever itought
tobe.islorealiiy but liUle more or less than tbe
buying and sellirg of men. We ehal'enge denial of
this assertion on the part cf any Individual of or-
dinary rharocter reserving the privilego of proving
the pjsitlon from his own lile-acts. Colombia Dem-
ocrat. ThiB strong language goes to establish venality
nnd corruption as universal in tbo human family.
Even the editor of the Democrat makes no excep-
tion tn his own favor.
rcKTUER ETPcntnots to the Axtic Sea. We
learn from the London Times that two overland
expeditions have been decided upoi; the one In
boats to go down Ibo Mackenzie r.ver in search of
Captain Cullinion about the safety or whom there
Is row some anxiety; tbo other in canoes down
llack'a nb river to make further enquiries into Ihe
fate of Sir John Franklin's people and should any
of the remains of tbe iletd be found to p'ace tbera
decent y under ground. It bas further been arranged
by the Lord Commissioners of the Adulra ty and
Captain S" Si Deputy Governor or the Hudson
Bar Coc(juj that thee expeditions should be left
wholly In the hands of tbe Hudson Bay Company
and tbe Denutv Gove-uor has posted letters to Sir
Coorgo ievenon. Territorial Governor containing
Toll details as to the orject and mode of carrying
icto effect these expeditions.
A man dying or apoplexy In Mich'gan lie Jiry of
Inquest rendered the followlcg true and Sensible
Tord ct: Diel from a visitation of one beef steak
eight cold potatoes and a fried pie."
Somewhat Pessciai Prentice oftho Loulnille
Journal is certainly a "hard customer to deal with."
Here Is one cf his latest :
"The editor of the Albany Atlas In a dissertation
on fie phrenological bumps says he shouli liLulo
feel the beads of some of the Whig editor. We
believe be his felt the feet oMwo or three of them
to his heart contenL"
A short t me since a young man residing a fw
miles Trom Syracuse came to that city. Imbibed a
quantity or whiskey and under l's influence went
home and Info his father' barrel factory where ho
Instated on putt nga block through the machine
In doina: so be gjt both wrists under Ibe blade
which sevored bis band from his arms so that they
barely bung by the skin. Too much beaotled to kuow
what had happened he went to the brook to wah
off tbe blood when he dlseovercl hi terrible condit-
ionfor nttemplios to ue his hands tbey dropped
fromhn arms. The mutilated he met his mother
in the door who swooned at tbe fearful sight.
Tho United Slates steam frigate Princeton com-
mander Eaele. was to leave Fen?acola on Monday
la't the 21sl instant (orders to that effect having
been received from Washington) to search Tor tbo
United Mates sloop of war Albany supposed t be
lost as she bas not been heard of sine sailing from
Apinwall for New York about the 27th of Septem-
ber. There Is much anxiety felt at Savannah among
all classes as lo her late.
Smith 0DrInc9raeraerger to England by the
last Lid a mail steamer. Not being permitted to re-
turn (o fir tain or Ireland be left the steamer at Gib-
raltar aud will probably take np his residence In It-
aly. Orders have been received at tbe CharIetoa (Mass.)
Navy Yard to fi: out tbe United State sloops of war
Cyano and Saratoga as soon aa possible.
The English papers have a rnmc? that tba ra-.taln
of one of tbe Baltic screw lint of battle-ships is
ukcij .v n'Kai iitiuio court maniai. wnen some
curious disclosures may take place touching the pro-
.luuiinni nf ih. ni:. n.t
It oten happen sara tbe Washington Stir that a
letter Intended for California Is mailed In tho Atlan
tic d ales wlta a single three cent sump placed
thereupon. The PostotD.ee Department ha decided
that. Inasmuch as this pre-payment does not satisfy
a single fall rate of DOitage. Ucanonlv be regarded
as a deluctlon of three cents from the original no-
paid ra'e. leaving seven cents lo bo collected il the
esict Ol ueiiTrry
Texas ew Items
IIocstox It I us. We learn from tbe Morning
Star of tbe 29 h Inst tbat very heavy rains fell last
week la that vicinity. The streams were ail swollen
to overflowing and the roads ara again in a bad
condition though rapidly improving.
Gen. Houston arrived ia Houston oa tbe evening
of the 26th Inst. He will visit his residence again
before proceeding to Washington City.
Tho dwelling of MrsGunn five miles abovo Ssn
Jacinto oa Buffalo Bayou with all tbe furni-
ture clothing provisions fee- of the owner was
completely destroyed by fire a few days since. So
says the Houston Mcrnlng Star of the 23th InsL
Arsni Items. We find the following items la
the State Gazette of the 25th Instant :
On the evening of the IGlh InsL surgeon A. J.
Miller of Capt. Boggesi'a Company of Rangers was
shot by Wm. E. Long at Waco. Dr. Miller died on
rfiuay me HID inau aqc buouudjj waa suppusru
ro Dave ueen acciueniau
Ronntnr Iloo-iton and Rnsk. have each written
letter to gentlemen in this city highly endorsing
and approving the action of Gov. Fese la relation
to the railroad aeposii
Tha Sunreme Court bas been la session two weeks :
all tbe JadgfSpresenL We publish to-day a list of
Judge tt atrous of the U. S. District Court has not
yet arrived. Last Monday was the day for the
commencement oi loisuoun.
Thn D.nfrifE Coart ot Travis count v. adiournedon
Thursday until the t.h Monday in January.
err dav during the last two weeks our streets
have been filled with newly arrived emigrants of
the best class many oi mem Drtng a urge numoer
or slaves. We bid them welcome to Texas to cul-
tivate It prolific soil and enjoy tU healthy and
Sai Aktoio Items Tha Western Ttxan of the
23d inst bnnga os thesubjjined items of Western
A letter from a gentleman living In Hays county
gives Information of the killing of a family at Ban-
aara pass oy jnutans lupposca to oo iomaccues.
Extract from the meeting of Ibe Hon. the County
Court of Bexar County held at its regular meeting
as follows : M.P.L.Buquor offered the following
Whereas Repeated occurrences suits and demands
forandagalastlhis County require tbo assistance
ana aiinJance oi an Auorney :
Therefor be it lUsol eed.-That Frank Egan. Esa.
be and t hereby appointed Attorney for the County
of Bexar to prosecute all salts on behalf of said
county and defend all suits tbat may be brought
against the same and lo do and perform alt other
duties pertaining to said effice ia behalf of said
Mr. Hummel offerd the following resolution.
Reiolctd. That the Attorney for the Countv. be
and is hereby instructed and required to Institute
prosecution at once against all persons vtolatin; the
provisions of an act approved Frb'y 11 1331. en'illed
"An Act Regulating and Restricting tbe sale of
spirituous liquors." unaummousiy aucpieu.
IIeavt axd Co ante ed Raiys oi the Rio Geaxse.
The Drownsollle Flag of tbo 11th Instant says:
Never before within tbe memory of tbe "oldest la.
habitant" have we bad such abundant rain on the
lower Rio Grande. Hardly a week has paed for the
lnt three months without bearr showers. Tbe whole
country Is flooded and tbe roads rendered nearly lm-
Navarro CocTrr.-The Corslcana "Prairie Blade"
of the 11th alt represents the Male and Female
Academy at that place as being In a fair way of be
coming a flourishing Institution Tbe exercised are
to commence on tbe first Monday in January next
under the supervision and control of a gentleman of
finished education and tbe highest qualifications as
a teacher; with inch assistants as the necessities of
tbe school require. Navarro Is a fine county and
no doubt will sustain this Institution of learning In
a manner worthy of the reputation of its citzecs for
intelligence and liberality.
The Prairie Blade urges the importance of estab
lishing a telegraph line extending from Palestine
tin Curslcana and Dallas lo Waco; and suggests
that this would be more profLab'e than casting
pearls before the swine." We are clearly of the
ipinlonthat our contemporary has adopted an m-
correctbypothetis with regard lo this matter. Such
an enterprise if we are not egreglously mistaken
would be neither profitable to the company estab-
lishing the line or to tbe citizens of the town Indi-
cated ; at least at the present time.
The same paper learns that arrangement have
been made with the mail contractor at Springfield
to connect hi line of coaches with that of Messrs.
Comptoa i. Wells now running from Tyler via Cor-
sicana and Waco to tbe city of Austin. Tbls woald
be a most exccl'eot arrangement and we trust It
may be speedily consummated.
'SiTTtio ox a Rail." The Palestine Advocate of
tbe 18th nlL speaks of having seen a few nights
previous -by the pale rays of the silver moon jast
rising In tbe East a specimen of frail hnmaciiy"
in tho person of a "French gentleman " gaily riding
by and "sitting on a rail.
He was escorted by a large procession of citizens
keeping step to spirit-stirring martial music dis-
coursed most vehemently on ratting drum and
deafening gong" to the tune of Ihe "Rogue's
March." After perambulating on bis Iofty steed"
pony purse of several dollars was mads up for
him. and he was permitted to leave tows under the
promise nver to return. Later at night another
load ot damaged goods was escorted oat of lownMto
the same old tuna "
Ixxioratio to the West. The Palestine Ad
vocate of tbe 13th uIL speaks of Immense numbers
ot emigrants passing through that place in ''almost
a continual stream." A large portion of them are
represented as being cf tbe wealthiest class having
with tbem "perfect flocks of crows." They are prin-
the Saa Antonio country. Tbe Advocate says :
This Is an aunicioas season for em grants corn
end meat being abundant and to be had at cheap
and accommodating rates.
Religiocbv A Methodist Camp Meeting waa re
cently hold In the neighborhood of Corstcana Na-
varro county during which one hundred and seven-
ty Ave persons bad a ncw Bong pnt In their months'
and one hundred and one became members of tbe
Barnsx or the "Old ITeeo" Tha Breohani
Enquirer of the 24Lh uIL bas the annexed an
y We learn that a nnmber of persons were baptized
by immersion on canoay issi ii independence
among whom was Gea. Sam Houston.
Weauppoa the Old Hero " will now apply to
himself the epithets formerly used by an old ac
quaintance of ours ia Western Texas when be wish-
ed to impress th Idea upon a crowd of his being
the dm tiis j out and out via : "a Baptist a Dem-
ocrat snd en honest tain."
The Graxd Txxrts; or Hojox Wo see it an
nounced in the Marshall Republican of the 18lh
ult- that tbe Grand Temple of Honor for the State
of Texas was to convene at Corslcana on the 20th.
Toe Best Testixoixals or Esteix. The Jlar-
tliall Republican of the lS'.h alt speaking of the
high esteem In which tbe Rer. J. B Tunis the
Methodist pastor atationed there for tbe past twelva
month I held by the citizens of Marshall gene
Rer.J. B. Tullis preached hi farewell sermon on
last Sunday night to a large and intelligent audi-
ence. At the conclusion nearly the whole congre-
gation shook bands with him; and as an evidence
ol tbe high appreciation in which be is regard-
ed by his people we beheld many In tears Mr.
Tulns Is a gentleman fur whom we have a sincere re-
spect. We regard h m and he is estimated by tbe
community as an uprignigooa man. t uoouiccm-
Dromlsinz with sin or sinners daring his sofonrn
amonz us he leaves not a personal enemy behind.
so laras we are aware.
Severe Hail Storx ik Cass Cocktt. The Jeffer
son (Cass County) Herald of the Kin uIL says;
We learn tbat on Saturday night last there was a
severe fall or bail on tbe plantation of Mr. Moses
Frazer about five miles below Smithhuid In thi
county uur miormant lens as me atons were as
large as pigeon egg and continued to fall until the
ground wa literally covered with them.
Low Staoe or Bin River. Tbe Earereporl Dem-
ocrat of tbe lllh nlL says:
The river Is still failing and yet it Is at a lower
stage than we ever saw It before the Fall of 31 not
excepted. The South Western of yesterday morn-
ing evidently bad reference to tbe botlon of the
river whea II reported It rls ng.
TrtER Cocttt District Corxr. We learn from
the Liuntsvills Item learns tbat a man named Alex
ander Frazer was sentenced to the Penitentiary for
three years during tbe sitting of the Tyler Court. A
number of cases of assault and battery were triad
and ethers were lail over. Crops in Tyler have
tamed oat very badly.
Piixers or tux OLD School. Adam was a farmer
while yet in paradie and after bis faH wa com-
manded to earn his bread by tbe sweat of bis brow.
Job. the honest upright and patient was a farmer.
and his atern endcrance has passed into a proverb.
Socrates was a firmer and yet wedded to hi call-
in? the giory oi nia immortal pnitosophy.
Clncinnatua was a farmer and ono of the noblest
Barns was a farmer and tha muse found him t
the plow and filled his soul with poetry.
oiiuiuuivu nm a larmer. nu rpiira.i rmm tha
highest earthly station to enjoy the quiet rural life
ouu ii-vm w uio nvuu a rpctutcie oi numan
German letters refer to the Increasin scarcity of
ammunition In Russia and of the materials for man-
uiaciuno it co severely is mis leu that the Gov-
ernment of St Petersburg la making erery exertion
to discover mine or lead aulnhnr oe enia nt w.n
resume the working of those which bare hitherto
been neglected. The price of lead has risen from I
florins lo C roubles. Sulphur alao owing; to thi
VtAf.lra.la I. ..(...1. ..
viuvkwi u (aucuwj ztiiicc.
IIow to Tell a Yaiebe Any of our reader
who may be puzzled to find out what Is the distin-
guishing characteristic of a " glnoowine" lire Yan-
kee a thing the searching wherof bas cost natura-
lists and rhtlosoiber a world of research and con
jecture and "calculation" may find a solution of
ine prooicm in mo touowmg.
You may always know a Yankee by bis blocking
up a door if be can possibly get near enough one to
dolt. It makes nu matter what door tt Is or how
many people want to pats In and ont; there he'll
stand and talk and most like holloa lo tome one
across tbe street to come over. If two on em get
together to a door they'll contrive to stand 'skew
fashioned with their elbows slick log out like a
" shlver-de-freeze so that one cant get through
em without starting c IT bis buttons or losing his
coat talL I hare seen 'en do It a thousand times at
court doors church doors theatre doors and all
other doors and Jail door besides. If I should
ever b cast away at sea and afterwards drift upon
aa unknown coast with a house or two ta tight I
should be able to tell la an instant whether! was
In New Elgtand or not from the mere Oct that tbe
men did or did not block np th doors
The Plouejr market.
So ranch has been said and so many opinion ad-
vanced on monetary affilrs It must have become
apparent to all now f paper readers tbat the value of
money fluctuates that Its price Is regulated by the
upplyand demand and tbat it now command a
very high price la the market usury laws to the
contrary notwithstanding. Indeed tbe money mar
ket Is a most sensitive barometer affected by the
Slightest event that concerns commerce. It Is in
fluenced by a diplomatic letter or a speech in Con
gresa. A revolt in China depresses it and the
permission for Mr. Sonle to travel across France
revives it. The money operator is concerned for
tbe affairs of the whole world and he knows that
gold like water will find It level that from the na
ture of Commercial relations It cannot be retained
by Its producers. It was a departure from this
evident coorso of aff-urs that gave a temporary
stimulus to Investments. Tbe amouat of bullion
received instead of the amouat retailed was mado
the basis of speculation and overtrading and
straining of ciedit were tbe results; tbeu cam a
reaction. Real estate that had rlaeu to a fictitious
value declined and railroad stocks have for Btvsrat
reasons suffered & gi eater depreciation than any
otbtr description of property. In no branch of
commerce is capital paying so well as last year.
Snipp.sg manufacturing insurance companies and
banks are all lees profi.ablo than they were a year
ago. Calmer reflection sicce the panic caused by
the Schuy ler fraudls beginning to assumo.eoatrolmd
a retrospective view points out the fatal differences
between speculation and Investment. The decrease
in tha exports of specie and the activity ot tha
cotton season now commencing it la hoped will soon
giveamoie cheerful appearance to money matters
and prepare the way tos restoration of confidence.
Interesting from Oregon
We Sad a loag and interesting letter in tho New
York Times from the Oregon correspondent of tbat
paper dated Oregon City September 23d from which
communication we glean the subjoined Items of late
news from tbat Territory:
It appears tbat about the 20;h of August a terrible
: masacre was perpetrated some twenty five miles
from Fort Boise It was commited by the Snake In
dians. Rumors of it bad reached the valley prior to
the departure of the previous mail but nothing; cer
tain was known until a gentleman arrtveu to tne
va'ley who was one of the parly that pursued the
savages. The cause of tho massacre was not known
but it was thought likely that the Indians had become
emboldened by the imall number of emigrants this
season to commit tbl. act solely to gratify their
thirst for blood and plunder.
The party of emigrants attacked by the Indians
consisted of cine or ten men two women and eight
chddren ; of whom aU were slain or earned Into
carlivity save two boys. The Indians were discov-
ered whilst Ia the very act of plundering the wagonr
aad driving off the cattle by a party of even men
from Fort Boise; wbo while pursuing; a cow ran
immediately upon tbem charged them end put them
all to flight. The Indians however succeeded in
carrying off the women and children whom tbey had
Jail mada captives The party of whites not thinking
It prudent for them bo few lo number to pnsae me
savages returned to the Fort : taking with them a
boy who had been wounded and left oa the ground
by tbe Indians for dead.
Oa the receipt of this news a parly of eighteen
men left Fort Bob with a hope of recovering- the
women and children from their captor Oa arriv-
ing at the scene of the mas-a-re thT found the
bodies of six of the murdered men; and In the
buihes dose by the bodies of four others were dis-
covered. Bat a little distance farther waa found tho
bodv of a young lady about seventeen years of age-
The body Is said to have exliibited evidences ot "lite
most fiendish violence and cruelty." bomeining
near a quarter of a mile from this place waa found
the body of a married lady who was on ber way
when maiaacredto jjla her husband residing in
Umpqux Valley. -Sha had bca scalped her head
bad been beaten Into a Jelly and other violence in-
flicted upon her person." Aboat a half mile distant
oa tho opposite side of Boise river the encampment
of the Indians was di'covcrad ; but it was then vaca-
ted. This encampment consisted of sixteen lodge
In tbo centre ot which waa found tbe body of anoth-
er lady who had evidently suCjred tho greatest tor-
ture." Her body Is represented as having been cov-
ered with wounds seared with a bet iron;her
flesh was cut In many places and a tomahawk wound
wae lnfl.cted on her right temple ; while In front of
her lay the crisped bodies of three of her children
who had apparently been tortareet and burned
alive in her presence."
Tbe wagons of the unfortunate emigrants were
burned. The stock together with the chAhlng mo-
ney and other light articles were all carried tff by
Tbe following aro the names given of tho'per-ons
Alex. Ward wife anl eren children front Mj-
souri Mr. Amoo from MtssonrL
Samnel Malagan from Missouri
Mrs. White and child from MIseouxL
Mr. Babcock last from Missouri formerly of VL
Charles Adams from Michigan.
Two Germans and a Frenchman. In an eighteen
"Three olherchildrenwere missing together with
a lad abont fifteen years old. The latter however
got Into tbe Fort about four days atlerwardi with
an arrow sicking in his body."
On the receipt of this shocking Intelligence 31 sj
Runes In command at Fort Dallas dispatched to
the scene cf disaster a considerable force of regular
and volunteers ; all well mornted and nnder com-
mand of MaJ. Ilaller.
The acting Governor of the Territory bad also
issued a proclamation for the raising of additional
volunteers to aid the force tent ont from Fort Dal
las. The correspondent of the Times says :
"It is supposed that the band wbo committed this
outrage belong to that division of the Snakes who
lira between I ort Uall and Grand Round. They ara
hostile to the whites and are at present well armed
with American rifle aud Hudson. Bay Company
guns. Ammunition tbey are said lo be supplied
with by the Hudson's Hay Company's poets. The
attempt to punisn tbem wilt be hazardous and ex-
It Is ihe Imperative duly of the Government ta
make speedy provbloo foe a more convenient and
safer communication with this portion of oar terri
tory. To say nothing of tho construction of roads
across tbe Rocky Mountains it would be a measure
of humanity and economy to establish a lino ol
military posts and keep thera strongly garrisoned.
There should ba at least two such posts between
Fort Hall and Fort DaUas. HaJ such posts existed.
It is not probable that this maaiacre would have been
The writer states tbat. or tha total amount
((13000) appropriated for Oregon this year more
than half (12-0000.) was to meet expense Incurred
during two Indian wars "the greater part of which"
he confidently asserts Mm gbt have been eared by
It appears that Judicial proceedings la the Terri-
tory are not transacted with such facility" aa could
be desired. The writer says that since Hre organ
ization of tbe Courts under the e&' the
practice Is uall atfaat" and thai it wiU take at least
two or three years to settle it."
The people of tbat Territory are beginnioy lo
perceive some of Ibe evils of tbo credit system ; al
any rate the annexed paragraph seems to Indicate
such atate of things :
The law business teems to be Increasing. Hard
time bave revested far more extensive re( Iran-
faction here than most people supposed coold ex-
ist There 1 likely lo be less confidence ami more
suing for a year to come than any other Lima aince
the settlement of the country.
Ora rxxiTXTnART a Patixo I-sTnrncv. Jt
teems trom tbe annual report of tho Penitentiary
Directors submitted to the Governor on tbe 31st of
September last that tbo Stale rrlson cf Texas
u&bke those of moat Southern and Western Slatesls
now more than paying expenses. This speak well
for the judicious management of tho cHccrs of that
Irstltntlon. We And In tho nantSTiile Item the
following statement of the condition of tbe financial
affairs of the Institution taken from the report above
alluded to :
October 1 1353 to September 30 1534.
Gross expenes 52077134
Work made and sold S1C13 15
Sundries on hand bt. within
the year 4 26 S3
Courict labor on bnildm; 13473 95
Balance In favorofren'y. 13?3 61
6;-"31 9 $22731 93
Gross anennr received hy agent from all
sources on special account of tbe
Penitentiary... -2394(1. 04
Amount disbursed by bim..... 0202 40
.Balance on band J3746 C4
A Desfesate ArrBAT 11 the Cxeroxxe Natiov.
The Fort Sm.h ArlL IleraTJ of late date gives
the following particulars of a most desperate affraj
which recently took place la that region :
A desperate fl;ht took place on Saturday last on
Sails aw in the Cherokee .N stion about twenty miles
from this city belwewn James and William Daniels
ononesideJosiab and gam Starr on tha other
It appeared that tbey had some difficult; about a
horse race whea a quarrel ensued and James Dan-
lei drew bis rtroW and shot Josiab Starr.lbroogh
tbe abdomen and then shot Sam through In the
same way when they turned upon bim and bis
brother William and killed Jame on the ground
and cut William ia tbo chest In fifteen or twenty
places. Sam Starr died from the pistol shot 00
Sunday night and Josiab on Monday night U is
reported Ibat William Daniel I alao dead. A young
maa by the name of Candy was wounded la tba
tflray with a knife- Ills rapposed that be will
hardly I.Te. James Daniel waa a merchant In the
nation and stood very high La this place as aa
Since writing the above we learn from reliable
authority that William Dani-Is ia not dead bulls
m i.ir way to recover ana mat jame Daniels was
not kilted by the Starrs but wa followed by a crowd
of persons who were present and killed. II Is cot
known who committed the murder.
Iowa The imm grallon of Iowa Is Immense. It
Is estimated that at present rates at least 100000
soul will be added to the population of that State
during the pmest season.
From tie.Vno Ymk Duly Torus.
The Consyreis of Americno Dlplo-
niutits at lirus.eL.
We have recelTed Intelligence through priTata
European channel of considerable Interest coneirn-
ingthe result of the recent Congress of American
Diplomatists at Brussels. Our information cornea
from a quarter where large expectations were originally-
entertained concerning the influence of this
meeting; but they have evidently not been justified
h tho lain.
Tbe project of the meeting was due mainly to tbe
outbreak of the Spanish Revolution Th hopea
cherished in consequence or thst event led to the
despatch of Mr. Sickles lo Washington for Instruc-
tion a to the line of pol'cy to be pursued oa behalf
of American Interests as likely to be aff-cted by it.
The Administration had In the meantime been
watching the progress of European politics and sent
tbe Assistant Secretary of stats abroad for more
accurate information. Mr. SlefclM fniiowad him
aoon and both these gentlemen were instructed to
maxe inquiries upon tne following points:
1. Whether Cubs couid be? nnrthasMf. fram anr
Cabinet when the Revolution waa Rfctly to bring;
2 Whether If the purchae of Cuba shouli be
found Impract'cable. tbe dmlomatie lndenendenes
of tbe Governor General of that Island might not be
5. What wuthe general stateoffcelinz amonz the
ceoplf and what were the strength and orosweta of
tho Democratic element In the several State of Con
To d-frar lb entente of IT! ml-aton. . credit of
850000 was opened with a banking bouse ia London
a sua too large for mere inquiry and not Largo
enough for ine mora impor t movement wnick
was prooanry to eoniempia'-i- -It
was Boon found ImooesiL - effect anr imost-
ment with the new Spanish government. Espartero
gave a very distinct refusal to the overture far tbe
purchs-e of Cuba. The diplomatic Independence of
tbe Captain General had no better chances. It wat
wen unaentooU ta Madrid that auch an Indepeo
dence woald oder present circumstances oaly
offer opportunities for comfortable qnarrel to a
Cabinet that live apoapretaxts. As Jong a I am.
a. uin ueaa w ine iiieen's government tpariero)
I said to have replied to Mr. Soule shortly before
he left Madrid -there shall be no unwillingness nor
any delay to settle diffienltiea with and mrcn ta off-
due apologies-and satisfaction for unforeseen erler-
uawtiraviiiKii cum gorrrnmenw ahoiadv-
net of Madrid can therefore not be required to ab-
dicate its authority in favor of a local Administra-
tion which from being under tbe excitement of
event passing ia It immediate proximity would
complicate raZherlhaa settle such international diffl-
cultle as may arise individual actions not being
always controllable between any two countries.
Having failed on the first two points of the special
mission tbe Congress of Ambassadors was caned
together for tbe purpose of pr-parlcg a report on the
condition of popular sentiment In Europe We have
received what we believe will be found to embody
an accurate summary of tbe report oa the subject
which was to have been forwarded to Washington
by the last steamer
Tbe Aobaaeadort agree la reporting lbs utter
absence of democratic feelina la Europe. In Spain
there are no republican. Mr. Sickles went pur-
posely to Madrid and reports this as the result ot
his observation. Franca Is lost in admiration of Its)
prudent and practical government. Revolution In
Paris is oat of ibe question. Austria has saeeeeded.
In gaining the hearts ofheranbjectf. Even Kossuth
himself Is quite forgotten bj lb people tbe Magyar
aristocracy bains his only adherents. Poland baa no
chances except in the mi of Monarchic combina
tions and Italy i tompMely tired of the madness of
Mazzlalsm. 10 of Ins rest. Eurove Is aa(nSo.
TbaDeoDieof tho old continent arof mm tbr free
rucb.we are told- win be the ntrtt that will per
vade the Intelligence sent or to be sent home by onr
Ministers in Europe and the onintons are given
aa tbe explanation of the belief that oar government
wou'd meet no support from any part of Ejrope In
tbo attempt to gain possession of Cuba. Spain will
not sell the Island and there Is no feeling of demo-
cratic sympathy with this country which would sup-
port us In seeking to effect its conquest by any other
C?Wia. B. As tor of New York Is conildered
well off. His Income Is one millioa two hundred
thousand dollars a year.
GP There Is hut one Democrat elected to the
Massacbnsetles House of Representatives and ha Is
quizzed a good deal. The body stands 341 Know
Nothings six Whigs and one demccrat
C Tbe tubular bridge for a railroad across the
St. Lawreoeo copied after tbo Mens! bridge will
cost seven andahalfmill'on of dollars.
EtIt Is stated that from tbe results already ex
perienced the Income of the Post Ofilco Department
will be folly equal to the outlay la four years.
CT7-The tightness of money In the West Is attri
buted In part to the speculation In lands. Tbe Gen
eral Government bas sold seven mtUIoos of acrt
yielding a revenue of $3230000.
The Income from lands is $6CC00CO more
the last than the previous fiscal year.
Ma. Socle. The papers in explanation of.
Soule difficulty refer to old events showing
stale of feeling between Franco and the f
States beg' nnln? with tbe dismissal of Mr.P-
in 1343. Tho seizure of French cargoes at Ss
cico and tbe dlpute with DlUton Uii
consul at that port are rafened to as causes of
hostility. It I agud on the other hand that the
feeling In France is against Mr. Soule personally. It
is stated that when In Europe la 1349 be aaid lo a
friend of Louis Napoleon: "My friend your Prince
is a goose and I greatly regret that France has
fallen Into such hands."
This remark it Is presumed the Emperor has
neither forgotten or forgiven.
Farther proof of tbe personality of tho Insult Is
pred'eted on tbe following bit of scandal:
Mr. Sonle. when in Madrid as Minister of the
United States and holding' that cfficlal capacity
poke dLrespeelfuIIy of Engenle the Empress of
France of her personal social and moral character.
aud In a way and manner which no husband wbo
loves bis wife bo lister no relative could or wonu
endur. Thesv remarks affected a hosband and a
sister la thetenderest point and lathe severest
manner ana 11 wnai air.souie is reported to bave
said be true the Empress wa unfit not only for a
respectable Court but for a wife.
Th Duke d'Aiba wbo marred a sister of the Em-
preas beard cr this conversation and became ac-
quainted wilh tr snd lo revenge his wUa aiwfhis
own honor; he determined to tnso't Mr. Sool la a
similar manner. Hence hi disparaging remark at
a ball in Madrid not of Madam Soule personal
character which be waa too honorable to assail but
of her dre htr robe and her manner ot arrang-
ing It over ber neck and bosom. This led to tbo
duels In Madrid the history of which la well known
to the public
When these facts were reported to the Emperor
and Empress Is Paris Indignation a natural Indig-
nation took possession of them both but it was In-
dignation only against Mr. Soulev not gainst tbe
"Coxxeecz is Kae l" The Paris correspondent of
the New York Herald states that lie excitement In
referance to the apprehended disturbance between
Francs and tbe United States arising ont of lb Soule
affair ran so h'gh that stocks fell one per cent In Paris.
Louis Napoleon beng In want of money and such a
decline being dangerous be was forced (icfioenced
by the British Ministry) to retract; and bis note to Mr.
Masou withdrawing all objections to Mr.SouU's frew
pass&ga through France was communicated In sub-
stance on the Paris Bourse In order to stop the de-
cline In funis lome boars before it was formally
delivered at the Legation. The supremacy of com-
merce was bowed to by England and Napoleon the
third waa made to eat bis own words.
Land buyers are referred to the adverlisement of
Mr. J. J. Clsxksoo who offers two va!aabl tracts at a "
EcXkWAT NxsiOEirf-The State Time- laya Mr.
Gramb'eswLierfcentyout hnntinr came upon a
camp en Barton's Creek where there were six per-
tons wbe fled leaving a horse behind. Oneofthexa
was thought to be white and the otter negroet
McRDEE-The State Time learns of the marder
of a man east of the Brazos by Mexicans Be had a
tab&ado and had employed the 31exlcans lo help to
driTe IL They aasasaioated bim and mangled th
body to that it con Id not be Idenllflerf o r the featurea
recognized. Alter Ibis fonl deed ttey carried the
u&sllada to Sprinjfleidfaded In telling itraa off and
Fro tbx EASoEis-The State Times cf the 2S.&.
alt Las tee follow ng tews :
"Feidzxicisicro November 141234.
There Is a romor correal here that a party of Indi-
ans (tribe anknownl stale flfly head of horses a fair
days aM at the cros-in g of the Guadalupe and some
fewlntalsneigbborhood. Captain Travis Walker
and Henry have given credence to the report and
rted la pnrsuit TraTls wub twenty-five and
Walker with thirty men taking with tSut onr aec-
ond lieutenant Jordan D. Scots as trailer and guide
nooid they itrike tbe earns haT takes a weaterlr
direction.. Heory started about five hours ahead of
them In a dJTerent direction. He wilt go up the
It Is Scott's opinion they are Semlnoles If to ha
thinks to overtake them between here and the EIo
Grande. Travis set out with the determination of
It was understood there would be an expedition
fitted oat against the Wlebltaa bv Cant - it J ..
FMz&ugb. The order for mastering into U tf . eervl-
u..j ..; ih wr -nuii uoQDuui nave tha
pleasure of announcing at an early day the entire
routora tribe who haidoneonoianch Injury This
expedition was to iave been commanded bTCanL.
Fltzhaglu ' '
IsdiamuCoox- CotrjrrT.-We learn that shortly
before tbe m.UBS; of tbo Circuit Cbart tocSJ
C?? T;?Jl?d'or madlngI8dIaascomwi
ed chiefly of Ctddoes .tola In o falSSTSinSSZ
horses and With their torn ..- Jl "?.T -f 7ca
joref lu Itlne coat fflTOwrt. iKJ
Siw-lliu. Bnttfc T Houston SUr 1!m1 Ik.f
the lav and grkt-anr. a&d coitoa Sin of Ui-.Bm!..
oa Sprioj Crtet were datrojed tj Ire a feir dij.
TaZll T.l Th. Crm.n farm...
Crretata2i.111g1u.DU01.lo nulla ur. ToiTar.
now aellmg II at W jr b.rrH flrilrerri 1J ItU
talr nrtfctoM4alub!.T prke lemuMtmti-w
In thn nnhlnr.p JCf. .
htrOKTUT 10 Uoa TmttzalTnri.. IX. .1
eaptlM lb. Fnlri. Blada ujs ui .a. WllalniS
wm wanl Iblrtj.nln laatea 0D th. b.r badTS?
box aleaun.. Tb. Dwrict Cbnrl dMrt Sit. Iu
Ibooib lb. laab aaa proaltr wat rat bS teS
larnla tb. r.;lnU.ryt fV a artar of SLSTtt
wulonaatoatbed a. to Hut of bog iteLSirTto
Buul. remarks: Srar. "uj. .bo
Tblj mar b. a itartlirr Oct t !.. m v.
mail commlimtw. .!!..... 7 -.:""."'"" w. r..
ablalbta la.am.ot lff.t:S7w wlwoVcrST
Wr.It.MUrT STUnn .rut J!rW
h of OO. ir. towl. ..ST.. "." " " "
"""rufl propensities of thieve taitaaNal. Jm
than twoortbreeyeareUbor la the pnlUjiSSM
..a .. -- n .!: uuinicnm.ir.i
iMTnCRa'VTSV Thai TU. -' - . .
not.c. tlar treau" irZZ'L?"3Ul
u.a oar etmU-.T7 Ml TprnWpanTrro I? - J
tact Tew and Alaaatw ms EmiuZll IA
acrea.. conildorabt. wtwTStihZSL? M
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Galveston Weekly News (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 39, Ed. 1, Tuesday, December 5, 1854, newspaper, December 5, 1854; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth79823/m1/1/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.