The Texas Gazette. (San Felipe de Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Friday, September 25, 1829 Page: 1 of 1
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THE TEXAS AZETTE7
PRINTED AND PUBC1SHED WEEKLY; BY QQPWIK BHOWJT vTOTTW AT SIX DOLLARS PER ANNUM INAUVANCF
JUSBTtH TEliit FttlPAW SUPT. g.57Tft2ftT
Titr. benefits which a communitf derives from
periodical publications arr too well known (o re-
quire u to enumerate thesn.
The Gazette syfll be dedicated to political and
niclIaucouUnteDigerice. it will chronicle events
mcj uamtftn wiuun our own country or. may
vwub w u irwu foreign pans.
This Republic just risuc "" mm "
assumine a nroud stand nmanr the nntinn r h
world and bating her institution on the" immutable
principles oi iinl Uaxarr will guarantee to its
n"! m csnoymem 01 ineir political rights.
This paper will be the advocate of the National
and State constitatioas: andofharmoavand umnn.
Ho communications or paragraphs containing per-
twMuuu w nuj u.tijuuu wuuicveT win ever uc
admitted into.its columns neither will they be open to
the virulent or abusive effusions of nartv inirit. Th
Editor will spare ao-pains to procure translations of
tne laws passed bj Uie Legislature and such other
acts of the Government as may be important and be
-flatters himself that the pnbh'o will derive much val-
uaoic uuonaanon on tnese subjects which toe want
of a press hat heretofore tendered it dimenlt to pro-
cure. A few years aso and this colonr was almost un-
r ."known to civilized man but the indefatigable exer
tions ui irfMeneia. i .Austin has brought about ttui
desirable end. And indeed through his fostering
it is now rapidly rising to importance. And we will
irom time to time communicate such information as
will be useful 'to emigrants and promote 'the pros-
perity of the-country:"
The Editor has undertaken a difficult task The
he will endeavor to overcome by acoTrespoadeBcafj"
wiin new-urieans. v-
The Spaniard has invaded our country but in
numbers sd insignificant that if the people are true to
tbcmsclveswillnot be ableto advance ten leagues
into the interior. It will be the duty or the Editor
to keep joa well informed of the events of the war.
fJyTheWice of subscription will be $6 per an
nua payattr at any time after the first number has
been issued it Cash or Produce. Advertisements
of not more ttjaa ten lines will be published or $1
for the first and fifty cents for each subsequent in-
The Governor bf the State of Coahuila and Texas
Irom eighty-three to one huudm. and Iwcnty.five. one sub-lieutenant one servant and ln
Art. 6. The staff of the batta.'iosi shall consi-t
of one colonel one lieutcanl colonel enc
Jte- . ...... . .from twenty-five to fbrtv Xil VZ 7h.U r 5?V
i-nmon- J I ... . " " "
first mil r""p?ljr a"r haTC onc " tenant one nib-lieu
tant. with the rank ut cantam and cr.iuc
chief of the battalion one second arfjuta nt with the shah compose the two titoJTcoJ&&.
' W HITUCHKildUl. UHV WiaiiJUWi. wu - fc-.w.. auiTIICDlCUilDU OUC SCeOflfl
one armorer and one drum major j shall be added : and when the number nrnritS-.
TiJTiAVi0'.1:? : '"S a " company shall be formed with the
uiua u.- iinc ui vacu unc 111 v. mm aicui - ""- -"--3 su prcscnot-o. m lue 5th Article
captain two lieutenant' two ehsiipi;. one first fcr- Art. aj. TJie fractions of caalr'
ccanL lour fecuiid serreanty. l'n.it lirst cortior.ll
O 0 -- 7
lour second corporals two bu;lcmtn and irom sl
cntv-firc to onc hundred drairuoni .
Art. S The at-Ufol" Uic niaadron of cavalry in I
rniiliirmitir nifh tfit Iflfh nrtirlnnf tlin TintinnTlI ltLU. 'I
of SDth DLcvmbcr Uit 'liall conirt of one coaii.i:iu-
dant onc adjutant uit!- the rank of lieutenant wi.'
snail discharge tlie duties ol lirst ailjutont and one
fractions at ea !' .t -.j-
twenty u.en shall be commanded Cv7 :?
and one corporal: from twenty totlurtyshaUa
thf third of a comnanv with .; i 2!L
ecjiit and two .econJcorporali: forty privates shall
!. the half of a company and one lieutenant onc
H F3 ?ncnr3t corPl.and oaebuglc-
mai haU be added ; over seventy privates shall farm
a lull comnanr. with their ff!U-.. .. JT. .
first fcrgcant-inajur ho slialldiscluugctui; duties of IJj'. Article 7.
standard-bearer. I) .r. i'l .The fractions of comnanies. wluitw
Art. 9. The force of the militia of the tatc infavitry or aajry can be annexed taUmrmw.
tivc corps'ttnd separate companies j the rJopaba-
shal consist of tlirccbattalioiicf intantry fives iiuad
ronsof cavalry and six separate companies o:" cav-
alry. Art. 10. The corps and companies mentioned in
the last article shall be formed in the several depart
ments of the state in the following manner to wit :
one battalion of infantry one squadron and onc scp-1
as: three squadrons and two separate companies
of cavalry in the department of Monclova; and two
of iHtWTrtry -tint! two. sepcraie companies
to all its InhibitanU Know Ye that the Cou-
pre of said state havedecreed as follows:
No. 58. The Constitutional Congress of the free
independent atd sovereign state of Coahuila and
Texas have enacted the fallowing
Ton. THE N A1 ION 4 1. MlL.ITL4 Or TH C STATE.
u:ls CHAPTER I.
1 AsTict.s 1. Itbein; the duty of every citizen of
i.-.. .. ..." -. ..i .i
tneruuc to auetKtbis country wncn cauea on so uo
so the National MUitra shall be comprised of every
-citizen from tbc.aro of eighteen to fifty years.
Art. 2-Tbe Jfilitia shall be subject to the or-
ders of the Governor when employed in the service
of the .-t.ite and to those of the Prestdcat of the Re-
public when called out in the service of -the nation.
Art. 3. K shall' be composed of infantry and
Art. 4. Tfce'infaatry thaTl be organised in bat-
hlions and the cavalry in sqaadrons. '
x Art. 5. Each battilion of infantry shall consist
f from four to right companies. -The force of each
CSinjiany shall be one captain two lieutenant' two
pivKcnterrantf. one first tcreeant. four second ser-
r je ten" corporal' two drummer? eneftr and jj
ofsssJIsJtf in'thedebartsarnt of Leoai Vicario.
AATcXL Of the two battalions of infantry as-
M department ol Leona vicomi owe shall
fae city oi Lcona vicarioanu vuuj'j ol
I too other in tne town oi r.irras arid
one of the separate companies of
1 r 1 :.. !. ll i l-:
bo lururcu in tiiu vuiy i waj)t:iauia
'in Alamo ac i arras.
The thrco squadrons and three separate
i W cavalry asrirned for the department of
shall be formedas follows : one xinadron in
the ettrof fcf onclora and town of Abafolo : one in
San Buenaventura and Nadadorcs and the other in
Guerrero and there shall be formed a separate com-
pany of cavalry in each of the towns of Santa Roa
laoucja anu uienega. ; iiaiiiuiueicpi-iaiure iuh-
Art. 13. The battalion of infantrr.1uadron ' patrol-. Loth in the country
and separate company of cas.ilryof the department Ithey arr diiiucd nccc"jry by t
of Texas ihall be formed a follows to wit: Die bat
talion shall be formed in Austin and Naeogdorhe
the squadron in Bexar and its jurisdiction and the
separate company in Ooliad (formerly llahi.i.
fole By a subiciiceut arranjement Uic battalion
of Austin and Nacogdoches have been scparatrd
and a battalion formed in each .)
Art. 14 lu the department of Texas this force
will be augmented ai the Kntfmarios introduce
i settlers under their contract'.
Art. 15. The rc-pective quotas or the eorp- and
'companies which hate to be formed out oi iliirWi-nt
muuicipahlie- w ill be designated by the governor a-
greeably to tbeu: population.
Art. lti. ohould there be an overplus of men
(object to militia ilaty after forming the corps e-tab-li'hetl
by the 9th Art. they slmll bcal.o organiiod.
Art. 17. Special care shall he taken in organfz-in-"
the corns anil companies mentioned in the HHh
1 to the J5th Articles so that each shall be completed I
within its own municipality when uie ponunuoii
will admit of it to as not tu divide a corn. betvvecu
ftrn iliitinet mtinicmalities.
Art. 18. The fractions that may rcrasin shall jj
bcorcatuscdinto platoons anauura ami nan com-
panies in the manner presented in the following arti-
cles. Art. 1. A fraction composed of from ten to fif-
teen infantry hsll fmm a platoon to be commanded
bv onc urt corporal: irom niiccn 10 iniii-ii; r11
vates SD3U lorm uic uura oi a cimuj'j.j
Hon of the xaonicipahty or circmustances mar re
Op the Dtrxirs or the Miutm.
Art. sJi it is the duty of the militia to sustain
the independence of the nation and the federal can-"
stitution ; to'guard and ccbrt prisoners and the pub-
lic money of the nation where there are no perma-
nent or nethc troops agreeably to the 4th article of
the natiioual militia law.
Art. -i3. Whenever ti;c militia are employed far
the purposes designated 111 the foregoing article or
many omer manner lu uic service or tticnaliic
they 'hall hesnnjvct to ttp orucri ortbeTirTIacbt ot
the" Kepuhlic. und will receive the compensation
corns ponding to their class and arm agreeably to '
the provisions of the 33d and 35th Articles of the na
Art. 24 Whenever the government calls for a
part or all of the militsa to niacin out of the state
the governor shall notily the legislature orinitlre-ee-7lhc
permanent deputation of the same.
Art. '23. In the inti nor enjee of the stitr it
hull lc the duty ol" the .inlitia lt. to sutain the
constitution ofthestate. a -o sttind cuanl at the
j hall f the legi'I.iturcnlule in 'ion; -d. to furnidi
in town wheneser
nl authority to
prestne th public tranquility an iicrallr toup
port and defend the cml authority i .Icates tihec-
ei tr called upon to do 'o ; 3d to p I . e on day of
piihlicrejoiciusulicrethercurenotroo v rwhentha
cnilnntfioritj may deem it prop r to call Ibeiaout;
tth to pursue and apprehend within the limit of
.i - i. .r... n . ... i i. .er
I iiieirtii'inci .111 ui- nil i.ic.iiruii uiii r uru-
ther erililoers or criminal- wbLii th(re arc no per-
manent troop; to do it. or ulicii -rich troops cannot
furnidi the aid niiuircd with the neccsory prompt-
ncsi Sth topuard and eeort m theab-eneeuf per-
manent troop; all pnonrr money or property of
the state from one town to tlic-next where there i
militia to take charge of them and should there not
be a sufficiency of nulitn for tic efcort in the- tmvii
or place where it uudit to be farnihrd all there
imu be cmployctl and the neec'ary number h ill
I completed out of the escort which came on from
the lat place to he selected by lot and the-o -hall
be relieied at the firt town or nbco where there n
militia to do it. The inilith who iro out of the lim
it; of their municipality tocvorlpri'.on'TtorhiniU of
the state h ill be compensated nrree:ibli to the s r-
vice they perform out of the militn fund' and the
sums which isproicd bythcneceary vivichcre have
bei-n ipcat for therf object? shall be replaced to Iho
militia funJ out of the public treasury . 6tb to rf-
fend the rfttlcmenrj of the respective militia dWrictv !
throughout their whole extent whcU.cr interior or
Art. 6. o twlituman than be prevented iroai
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Cotten, Godwin Brown. The Texas Gazette. (San Felipe de Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Friday, September 25, 1829, newspaper, September 25, 1829; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80038/m1/1/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.