The Junction Eagle (Junction, Tex.), Vol. 37, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, May 21, 1920 Page: 3 of 8
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JCSSE J BXITXL
FRANK O BEIT ML
THE OLD HOUSE
The Best Place to Buy
and Building I
E. SCHWETHELM, Manager
Yards Near Depot
If you want to lease your land for oil and
gas, write us, giving name and number of survey
and number of acres.
SAn Antonio, Texas
616 Bedtll Bldg.
The quality of Stock Dip we handle is out-classed
by no other and we can take care of your orders in
most any quantity.
For Cattle we have Sherwin-Williams “Kill Tick,”
and Plain Arsenic Dip.
For Sheep and Goats we have Sherwin-Williams
Prepared Lime and Sulphur Dip. Also Sulphur for
Lime and Sulphur Dip.
P. D. Company’s Kresso Dip No. 1, also full line
of Legears Dip, and Stock Powders. •
Lalvet for Sheep and Goats.
THK JUNCTION RAGt.K. FRIDAY MAY 21. 1*20
Shaft Chats ar R ec on tt ruction In
Europe Fallow tt>o Groat
RUSSIA’S GRAVE MORAL ERROR
iatsvr* ef U*e**e»x*4
ail, but U •• W««r«nH M Mill-
I** • WriMtMt to JiMtlfy
By FRANK COMKRFORD.
An mratnilloo oC Hum*!*. th« pi
6«it, Just Mon Iho treatment «as,
started, r»vr«ii several finding* which J
in inmniry to romplon th« history '
and physical examination.
Riiaala a a* ?* per rent Illiterate. |
This means that nearly four-fifth* of i
the people in ltufcsla could not read ;
or write. It doe* not mean that they (
could n«*t think. There Ik a* great a
difference between Illiteracy and In-j
telllgenoe a« there I* between Illiteracy
•nd Ignorance. I have met many Rua*
'slan peasants who could not read or
write, who hud Rood native lutmla,
genuine power of reasoning—'home-
spun thinkers. Tl>e head of Uu**ln
had not been trained, but It wu* not
Thpre are many reasons for the Il-
literacy of the great majority of Rus-
sian people. The autocratic state was
ths principal conspirator against the
Russian people getting an education.
The autocrats knew that Ignorance Is
the greatest Insurance against up-
risings, the greatest sedative to keep
the slave from complaining. The
Church In Russia, the Orthodox
Church, was used to keep the light
from the people. The czar was the
“Little Father," the divine agent of
God on earth, and the "Unholy Synod"
of the Russian Church bowed, not be
fore the Christ, hut bent low before
the czar. They betrayed Christ, even
as they betrayed the sons and daugh-
ters of men, their own blood, the Ruse 1
slan peasants and toilers.
Religion Their Only Solace.
The people of Russia held firmly
to their faith In God. The rest and
ease their faith gave them wns the I
only comfort they had. In moments
of Intense religious communion they
were lifted out of themselves and for
seconds forgot their burdens. These
seconds were long spaces of relief,
green spots In the endless desert waste
of life. i
How Christ must have wept when he
witnessed the “Holy Synod,” the
monkish rascals, with their sacrilegious
Icons, silencing the protests of souls,
throttling the cry for freedom, by
quoting In his name that those
who suffered most here would be high-
est In heaven. A blasphemy, n cor-
ruption of the Lowly One, who nsed
the word brotherhood to define equal-
ity, and the fatherhood of God to ex-
press the Justice that man owed to
It wns agreed by and between the
Holy Synod and the cznrs that the
Russian worshipers of God must not
know how to read or write his name.
So It wns that the orthodox church
of Russia used religion to insult God
and hold his creatures In bondage. It
was the only great church In the
world that did not provide prayer
books for Its members. It was ar-
gued that If the people had prayer
books they would learn to rend, and
If they read(the Christ message on the
Rahhnth they might read other strange
and dangerous books on Monday and
Tuesday and the other days of the
week. They might misuse their abll-,
tty to read, and read things like the
American Declaration of Independ-
ence. The churches of the Byzantine
painted the story of religion on the
side of its walls. They gave the peo-
ple an education by the picture book
method we use for children before
they have reached the kindergarten
Bolshevism Officially Launched.
The birth certificate of bolshevism
was Issued on November* 10, 1917.
"The All-Russian Congress of the
Councils of Workingmen’s, Soldiers'
and Peasants' Deputies decrees the
form of the administration of the
country, PENDING THE MEETING
OF THE CONSTITUENT ASSEM-
BLY. The provisional workers’ and
peasants' government Is to be called
the Connell of People’s Commission-
ers. The administration of the Indi-
vidual branches of state life Is to be
entrusted to boards, the composition
of which la to secure the carrying ont
of the program proclaimed by the con-
gress In cloee contact with the organ-
isations of workers, sailors, soldiers,
peasants and employees. The gov-
ernment authority belongs to tbs board
and chairmen of these commissioners,
that Is, to the people's commissioners,
and ths right of systematising them
belongs to tbs Afl-Rnsstsn Congress
of the Councils of Workmen’s end
Peasants’ and Bokhara* Delegates end
Its Central Executive Committee.**
Tbs government of tbs esar was au-
tocratic. not because it was a bad gov*
ammeat and misgoverned the people.
It was autocratic because the people
did net bare a voice In It A good
t that denied tbs people •
be equally as autociAttc.
eeavwes tbs vtoh sad wilt af the pew
pie at «ic» m they leaned the prune
las t have gassed above Tbe words
af prawnton art printed ta capital tab
It eras iMr toeral sbUgatton to
keep this prwtotos asade to tbe re'fb
tt was as weary to leaf* it, If there
was to he a gewnlwety foe Resale
Who fssM aattetpato aad «he eeatd
dare write eet and pwt late «preettea
ths plea *r (svarasest wttbeet gtvtaf
ait af the people af Hassle a chance
te pas* upon ths pea awd ae«r
into It throws* thotr own chosen rep
This area the Ont prom la* the M
•brtik leaders made to ths Raastaaa
The; broke tt. It has sever Sees fat*
filled la the row *1 it at lea and decrees
af the soviet lemtawit they have
tried ta explain, excuse and on dsns
this breach of promise Fmlrly tie
terpretod. all they have said ta de-
fense of this aha*# of power, this vtre
latton of trust. Is ta substance: *(1
was oeceaxsry to dissolve the Ototatt-
tuent Assembly; It might have Inter
ferrd with our pinna. It wight have
Jeopardised soviet government.** What
right did they have to ihtuk. set, and
decide for the |*e«*ple any more than
the osar had?
In speeches and w ritings lenlne xnd
Trotsky have since In n veiled wsy
suggested that the jK-nsants elected
members of the middle class to
ropresent them Instead of jtea*-
snts. What of It? If the pons-
bats make mistakes they will learn
nnd profit hy their mistakes. They
cannot become Independent until they
get a chance to exercise Independence, j
No man enn get muscle by letttug an- |
nthor fellow use the dnnddtells. The
Russians—peasants, workers nnd
hourgoolse—are nil human beings, nnd
n government, to be democratic, must
be, ns Lincoln put It, "of the people,
for the people nnd by the people." A
government that Is afraid of the Influ-
ence and power of three or four per
cent of the people Isn’t able to live,
and It doesn’t deserve to.
Gladly Obeyed Lenlne.
Lonlne Issued his famous order,
“Peasants, seize the land.” This com-
mnnd was obeyed with great enthusi-
asm. They forgot all nbout freedom
and the constitutional convention.
They understood what land tnennt,
they had been taught that hy being de-
nied It. They knew little about
political phrases and framework. The
order to seize the land tore from the
serfs their heaviest chains. Lenlne
became their liberator—his was the
voice that said “seize the land."
Probably the peasants would have
done It anyway. Disorder and unrest
had destroyed all respect for property
rights. Property rights had a differ-
ent meaning In Russia than elsewhere; j
property rights meant the right to |
beat human beings, to buy nnd sell ]
serfs. Yet the fact that lenlne hnd
uttered the words made them reverence
and respect him, even as a man will
be thankful to one who has told him
to l»e careful of n hole In the side-
walk, notwithstanding the fact he has
already seen It. Bolshevism started
with great popularity. This was the
secret of It.
Of course the order to seize the
land, nil land, wns based on the Idea
that the owners of land held title by
nnd through their own wrongful con-
duct. God hnd made the ground and
sunshine, and those who had taken ti-
tle to It had only moved on nnd forced
others off. This Is the way the bol-
sheviks reasoned, and from this point
of view they were consistent. From
the world’s point of view It was con-
fiscation. It wns dishonest. Many
people believe that acquiring property
Is frequently the result of Industry
and thrift; In some cases the title to
property Is based upon cunning, schem-
ing nnd force. All of us know that
thwe are some who are without any
private property because they pre-
fer to squander their time, dissipate
their energy and live nlilfilc-ss lives.
After all, It Is a matter of opinion, and
from the point of view of the bolshe-
viks the order "Peasants, seize the
lend” may have been Justified.
But when the order was given, the
peasants seized It not for the com-
munity hut to own it privately. On
this point there can be no difference
of opinion among honest, impartial,
fair-minded men, and when the peas-
ants seized the land to bold, use and
own it as their private property they
were guilty of teklng title by the very
means others had taken the land, and
against whom they had complained
and cried ‘Thief P •
The Russian people have the power
to think. They realise that they have
acquired property by the very methods
they have always condemned In oth-
ers. Their natural selfishness may
constrain them to keep thla property.
The sufferings they have gone through
may mitigate tha offense, but one ef-
fect was Inevitable, and that effect
the most serious that could happen to
a people on the threehold of a free fu-
ture. I refer to the weakening of
their moral nature, the making of a
precedent Justifying dishonesty. 1
have fonnd the 111 effects of this act
on tbe patient, Russia, ta every sub-
(Oveirrtefct. ISIS, WMtcra NtwiHHf Baku '
lPH »^mn ^ ^ w W
LOTHKS that your friends admire—
that's the kind you want. Here's the
open secret of being faultlessly attired:
costs no more than ordinary clothes—in fact less,
for your garments last and look good longer. The
styles are up-to-the minute. Perfect tit is guaran-
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Have your next suit made to measure!
Our Tape Line Is Ready—Are You?
JUNCTION TAILOR SHOP
Durst & Jarvis, Proprietors
When letter Groceries can lie had you can
T1IK CITY GROCERY
Will have them, for they are always ready
to supply the trade with the bent that
can he obtained at all times.
Let us fill your next order.
REYNOLDS & HOGGETT, Proprietors.
Young Scott Wilks
Will make this season on the W. 0. Deckert
Ranch. Kimble County, Six Miles East
Tv Do Away With "Blacks ra*
Eliminating tha “work *1 acker** la
tha new Job which the American legion'
baa taken upon ttaelf, acting In con-
junction with the war department's
chain of employment bureaus through-
out the country. Thla typa of ax-aerv-
Ice man, while not aumeroua, ta occa-
sionally a serious detriment to the
work of placing ex-soldier* and sailors
in satisfactory Jots*. Their attitude af
ahlftleaaoeaa after getting tha place
THE SECOR SANITARIUM-HOSPITAL
A state wide, salantfflc institution that rank* with tha beat. In
eharg* of a ataffof specialists who place at your command tha advan-^
tagea of tha largeat ciilea.
This la an official hospital for the surgical treatment of United
Junction and Menard, Texas.
Courteous Treatment Fair Dealings
We can save you money on Salt, Flour, Meal, Feed,
Sheet Iron, Etc.
COMFLETE STOCK OF LUMBER AND
We operate our own trucks and make deUverftea to
your ranch promptly. Give us your busInoBB
and we promise to do our best to please you.
TRY US WITH YOUR NEXT CLIP OP
WOOL AND MOHAIR.
W. handl.lt like you want It hnndM.
JUNCTION WOOL S MOHAIR
John R. Smart, President and General
Junction and Menard, Ttxaa.
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The Junction Eagle (Junction, Tex.), Vol. 37, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, May 21, 1920, newspaper, May 21, 1920; Junction, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth801136/m1/3/: accessed December 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .