The Texas Republican. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 5, 1834 Page: 2 of 4
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OClll IIIU WUIIlVKUUui..; .w.. - Cl . -
... -... r " ro TZ rr;;; U nface; Jere Ulev are u be fourttl ' and to make bey. .11 the Uquiu-uions .ana ejection ot tfc
lQ Lfii IB il$4Slr4Siivy gtl JM Q Art. f-Thc day appointed for the sale having arrived
" i lands shnll ho offered at auction by labores or fractions of lab
B.Vftfc31BlAr s tsa.
i i.:i. ....... i. a l.t i dp itnt.- liv whatever title.
lllO wiiini may "is m.- "- - ----- --
la. X sha 11 bo offerd at auction by labores or fractions of labore To rcgi-Cer said titles . a bouml boo Kept tor t ne purpose
I lanos snail no onerea amucuuu ujr ia . nrnrfts 0i T the quantity ot the land rts rueaaureineat
ta-thohighe?tbilUor.attanDDiueni.0.aKe.B -.... :" ;cc 'd to i it with the interested party and .be wit-
1 in ... minimum unce. ' i".v B-
Taking into consideration the liberal patronage ArT 8-Th. mirimiim price in T. halt b.tmtoltafnr "c? )(1 ml ts at Mch lVe5 llle
t!at has avays been extended to the preSf that tssues .rW.tle
under tha ocnaltv of forfeiting what may have been paid; and the aht. iu J no urv V -; " " ;-- " T"" -
a t . J t 1 I - I '1 '1 - ... I-..rti.-M HAIItlf I
this paper by the citizens of Texas; and the unin-
terested patriotism displayed by them in the ample
support of it heretofore the many oaiKs aim ap-
pointments to which they have been suhjected ow-
w to the variable uncertain and unfaithful manner
in which it has been conducted we almost despair
of again raising its reputation" and placing it on a
basis" by which the public shall receive that benefit
which their former patronage so amply entitle them
to and which a well conducted press can so easily
We are aware of the many disadumtnges under
which we labour in an effort to resuscitate and bring
into notice and make useful an establishment so ef-
fectually dead as this press must be at the present in
nubhc estimation- Wc are aware too it requires time
talent and perseverance to accomplish the object;
but we confidently hope and believe judging by the
n;f;n r.hwahtv of this community that so soon as
the public bhall be satisfied that the establishment
will be conducted in a manner to anora ait uiu un-
fits and advantages that the nature of things will al-
low that their usual liberality will not be withholden
from us. k ......
All that industry perseverance and faithtulncss
will do we unhesitatingly promise aided by all the
talent we may be able to enlist amongst our friends
whose assistance we anxiously solicit. Although we
are fully provided with the pecuniary means of con-
ducting the establishment for at least as much as one
year independently of its income yet an indemnity
for our labour and expenditures is maispcnsable
Wn inrlftmnitv we are to look for from a liberal
and enlightened public and which we are resolved
to merit' li it io wiO ! ovM-tinn
Mr. John A. Wharton one of our delegates de-
spatched to Monclova the seat of government to
procure the recognition of the Jurisdiction of Bra-
zoria has returned having proceeded as wc under-
stand no farther than San Antonio. In consequence
of his absence from town we are unable to lay before
our readers the result of the mission.
Counterfeit Money The public are cautioned
against receiving counterfeit bank notes as we have
much reason to believe there are many now in circu-
lation throughout the colony. Two of the denomi-
nation of one bundred dollars payable at the branch
of the U. . bank at Mobile have been presented
witiitn a few days. There are also bills of the same
denomination payable at tho branch bank in Charles-
ton; said to be well executed.
title to be void in case of failure to Comply. The purchaser being
allowed to pay tho whole at tno tune 01 purcnaac u db ihiuh jmu-
Arm 7 In the balance of tho slato the minimum price shall
bo four dollars a labore for the iM year after the passage of
this law; six dollars for the second year eight dollars lor the
third year and ten dollars afterjvards payable on the same
terms and under the same conditions expressed in the foregoing
BT. g The foreigner who wishes to become a purchaser
shall take an oath to obey and sustain the general constitution
and laws and those oi the state which he adopts for his country
with which requisite he shall bo considered frm that time as a co-
1 . .i. eoa ctntj nml rnnsf-fliientlv naturalised at tho end
of one yeur but bctorc its tcrmintuon nw ime may uetouiu ic'-
HT. g .The purchasers whojfc nflt belong to the state shall
scale themselves iuit with thcir-familics if they hi.vc any with-
in one year under penalty of forfeiting the lands purchased and
whatever mav have been paid for them. ......
Aur. lflo one shall be molested for his political and rclu
nous opinions provided he does not disturb the public tranquil.
J. . ..... am lnrtmA iUr rxtiirVinapr nC mnm
Ar.T. 11 iso onii jicjti'Ji -.w u-un- ' tru.w....v.. v. ..
. n :-: -. xictAinmt. tlinir offices trulvand fjirhfuHr.
IIYU VU1IIII1I3SIUUU1 1U uuni j" . t 1 J ' 1
AliT.. 2U Tho course ot" the ?uics shall b determmfed' by th&
tnagnelic needle and they shall take care to determine! its varia-
tion from the true north in tho district where they run their lines.
Aet. 21 The lines shall be made very scrupulously with
metalic chains made for the purpose and care shall bo tsia.
that the point from which the survey of each piece of land" shtil
commence shall be established with certainty taking the cour-
. 4 .. I 2
ses and distances from two permanent onjecw . n-as..
Art. 22 The lands which are bounded by permanent creeks
rivers large lakes and the sea shore shall have double as much
depth as front.
Aivr. 23 To avoid law suits and future difficulties the respec.
tive authorities shall present to the sulaltern commissioner as
soon as he begins to act all the titles and grants of land hereto-
fore made that he may take a note of them in the respective book
and that he may rectify survey which may hate been confused
in order that they may not conflict with one auother.
Akt. 21 If the documents spoken of in the anterior article
should be in the hands of private individuals they shall present
them for the same purpose within one jear under penalty of for.
fciting their claims if by their failure to present thern the lands
shall be granted to another person.
Art. 25 1 he surveyors snail conuci iroin me purcnasers 01
1 " f-- ..!.. lJ.iiinni4 ri rv4 Itnnn I -..-. L. v a
thin two hundred and eetcnty five labores and no corporation or 'lands twelve bits for each thousand yard
ina.ns.iYu uuiwv j I 1. .xt TI.p cnhnltern cnmmiHSiont
of lineal iioasure.
1 rim culm tprn nnmmiHSinntifa snail reemve on iftti
WI " mw ...... - -- - -----
same terms five dollars for each certificate which they shall givs
of the sales which they make.
Akt. 27 The commissioners general shall receive eight do!.
ars for each title which they give.
Aur. 28 The collector ihall have for a salary six per cent up.
on the amount they collect and receive.
Airr. 29 All the instiuctions for comrnissioncs given previ-
ous to this decree arc hereby repealed in whatever may be oppo-
sed to this law and also "the decree No 622 of iho 15th May
182d. No 190 of the 26lh of April 1832 and No 128 of the 7th
of April 1830 are likewise repealed the six last articles of lli9
latter alone remaining m force.
ia T -.-nrriit nC riilnniVulmn slm!! hi mnde in future.
i u .There snail likewise oe as many auoaiicrii vumimj- jvki. o - - i 1 1 r tin j .J
iPairtioGovemrncntma drem necorv and the order and thosu heretofore celebrated shdir be religiously fu filled. with
Moners as uit. v w j . .i: ; L.;. nnr.irrr. hv to 1 1? aw of the 21th of March 182o.
rortheirappomtmeaiHUiiiiuuH.uuu.iuc - - .- - r.rmV ll fllVrt nation .or an cxtfiinon of tha
time for fulfilling a contract shall be passed to the Congress by
the Government unless it is proven in the manner which Hhal! ha
approved as sufficient that th interested parlies have uspenued
at least ten thousand dollars in endeavouring to carry their con-
tracts into effect and that their failure to comply ttasconauad
solely in insuperable obstacles opposed by the .Mexican Author.
t -.... rtir.ll!tl
compaiiY " i"""" . .
Art. i'2 'To this end every purchaser at the time of receiv
ing the title for his land snail Hectare on oain mai ue nas noi pur-
chased it for another person uut tor uimson nioiiu; or us mc i
of another whom he shall indicate' by his name and appellation;
and in this case the title shall not be made out until the true pur-
chaser shall present himself to receive it in his own proper name
winch he shall do withm one year under penalty of forfeiting his
right and that which may have been paid.
SECTIONS Aim 13 tor the good order and better au-
ministration of this branch ihew. shall be two CommisMonnrs
General who shall be appointed by the government the our for
Texas and the other for Coahuila.
. . l... ..it npt
YRT i& The powors 3nu obligations of the subaltern Lorn-
mireioncarclhofolowin5: . c ..
To fulfil the orders and instructions of the government anil 01
the respective Cummisrioners General.
To appoint suiiauiu sui-r" w.i ' ...v... ..-.... .. .
ceive from them the oath required by ihe 19th article.
.ftpoivn trnm uiiun " ..-..- . - -j
m. .. hp lands surveyeu accoruing 10 me provisions 01 am- me. ......- c r 1 u.
j .. . r . 15a'" ' . Jt 1 ART. u-i 1 u tuo um.iv'.iijo .m ... ffcva j-aaiaaiMBSaBgaS3i
To keep a bound book ot common paper in wnictt ue 15 to regis- and to tnose who resiu-j 10 uibumui m vmuiuos oi .iusun 11.
tervery scrupulously the survcyswith ail their circumstances and ties 3hall be given to tho iatils which they occupy according 3
nuttiii" down a platt of them and Mjrning the return vith the sur- j article 16 of the Law of col-juwauon of the 24th of March 1320;
vovorvho made it and the witnesses who were the chain carriers. ' and the resolutons ofjthe feder.ilGovernmcnt of Augmt 1S27& i j-
To torm a general map ot their district :n winch tlicy shall note gust 1; ana tor uus cnu uiewovorn.iieai ana 1 app Jin.i one or
His Excellency the Governor of the State has been pleased t&
direct to me the decree which follows :
SurKEME Government of the fhee
Stale of Coahuila and Texas. 3
" The Governor of the State of Coahuila aridTexas to all its
inhabitants know ye that the Congress of Said state has decreed
as follows The constitutional Congress of tho free mdepen-
dent and noversign slate of Coahuila and Texas has thonght pro.
per to decree.
SECTION 1 Art. 1 The vacant lands ot the stale shall be
gold at public auction.
Art. 2 For lineal measurement the yard shall uniformly con-
sist of three geometrical fact and tho mile of a thousand yard
and for superficial msasure the square yard shall be used and
the Labore which contains a thousand yards square or thai
which is the came being in a square cf a thousand yards on each
Art. 3 The lands shall bo sold by order of the government
when it may think proper that thoee of any district shall be sur.
veyed and sold or by denunciation of any person interested in thr
purchase of a tract of laud which he may point out and pray thai
ilt "- B'4 WJ UHf A
4 T .tUn . fh Innri hn I he SUnCVOa in irwc
.?. ih Trtir.ulur surveys aim the sales whicu may imvts
To "ive the note as spoken of 111 the 1th article and to direct
them to the respective Alcaldes in order that they may be put up
in the most public and accustomed place.
To keep uiiotucr oouua uook id which iney siiuu tane an ac-
count of all the sales which they may make describing circum-
stantiaiiy the lands and surveys with a platt and expressing the
price for WhlCll It Was SOIU wmuii lit siuu aiyn jiu uik puiuia-
ser ana witnesses.
To "tve without delay to the purchaser a certified copy oi the
entry '"made by himiu said book together iith the plait and the
lands hem"- situated in different peaces to give a distmct certifi-
cato of each tract.
To remit to the Commissioners General the map of his district
and to fnve to bun and to the government the information which
thev may ask.
Art. 1(3 The faculties and obligations of the Commissioners
General are 1
To be subject tn all things to ue orders and instructions of the
government and to give to it whatever information it may ask and
whatever may be necessary in Relation to the lands which in
their opinion can aud ought to he1 sold keeping particularly in
nauMim tprma nt which the contracts of colonization made orovi-
oui to the publication of this law "shall expire.
r- lr. Innrlc cnlft in rTnifnTmitv !th the subaltern comtiiisstaners
which they shall present with a description of the land and the
field notes and an expression ei mc aiue &i wmcu mejr were
To receive the oath spoken of iij the 12th article and (as the
case may be) that prescribed in article 6th before malting a title
to the foreign purchaser.
To register said titles in abound hook which shall be kept for
the purpose causing likewise these interested and witnesses to
sign the said registers.
tv. net- tlio ciiliuitnrn nmmisEifiners for the information which
they may deem important and to (jive thorn the necessary instruc-
tions receiving from the maps of Jheir districts and to form an ar-
chive ot the whole.
Art. 17- Tha titles shall bo :taade out on paper of the seal
corresponding with the amount cf sale in conformity with the
Art. 18 There shall be in caen department of the .state an
official collector appointed by th-tj Government and his obligations
are the following: r"
To ive bond for his responsibility to the satisfaction of tho go-
ernmeni ami iu ruaiue us. mu jiymn. uchiBhhi.u ;
two commissoners who shnll make them out without any delay.
at the cost of the interested persons the titles heretofore legally
made remaining confirmed.
4... ! ThnBn nt'i(r r'!niint:ts nf llu Sintn wlin hsvini" (nr
JXCIJ. W'i ....-... .....-. .- -. ..w .-.. .. ... .-
themselves and on their own accounts emigrated to the Country
'.t ".. .1... H..I 2. ...iiv.- nf lt.A -ntttAraant .f" 'it... r.l.-.r... .aLrh.il?
Winilll lltV iil3l OIA IIUIO Ul lll. dbVilUtMUin VI ifc.l V VUlUH.j SUVU1U
not have received the augmentation granted by the said 16th ar.
tide of the above cited Law of Colonization shall manifest it to
the Government through the political chief.
Art. 34 To decide upon the.se claims the Government shall
appoint their commissioners who having verbally heard the colo..
nists with citation of the respective Empresanu shall determine
hv a plurality of votes whether the claimant is entitled to the aug.'
mentation or not. If the decision should e in the attirmativa-
they shall give to the party the corcsponding certificate.
A .-.- T" Tltic lie clmlt nrnconf ti f!w- A vitnln mit'-ntn n.tntin-
out the lands which he claims; and praying that a surveyor may
be appointed to run it out and this being- done the said Ayunta-
micnlo shall make him a title giving an account to the Government
through the ordinary channel.
Art. 3d .The settlers who may have rcceiveu titles to '.neir
lands can sell them at anv tune the purchaser remaining bound to
comply with the obligation of tho .teller to the states and tho
lantk hiin.'r subifict to the same rcsnonsibihtr.
The constitutional Government of the State shall cause it to
be complied with printed published and circulated.
RAFAEL DE LA FCEXTE President.
Icnacio Cat-rna Falcon Member and Sec'y
Jose Jesus Ceande Member and Sec'y.
Therefore I order it to be printed published and circulated and
that due compliadcebe given to it. Given in the city of Mon.
clova on the 2th of March 1834.
FRANCISCN VIDAURRI Y VILLASEUNOR.
Jose Mioeel Falcoj.-. Sec'v of Slate.
And I communicate it to you for your intelligence publication
and the corre-wojcHng cud.
m T '..I U. nnH aHnll tC BIIHPVnn lfl irtlU-
m -w-fw .1 in uiiiinr b-uvt iiirr mini oiiuii u -u fc' -. - -
which "shall note.xceed one Lahore (177 acres;) and the survey
- r.tT .r it... nM nn ihi- 1 nrnmonr nini it 111 tie lll. liiu ijliiil iitntiit-iJm-A m k
itistotakc puce enaii ut (. j ionnrt. l3;n r.nnfnrm tv with artic en 5. G and 7 extendms: at the foot
Disastrous Touxado. One of the most terrific
hurricanes ever experienced in this country occurred
onMonday last in Petersburg Virginia and its neigh-
borhood. The destruction of human life was most
shocking and property to an immense amount was
destroyed in every direction. Every thing within
the range of the tempest was utterly prostrated;
dwelling houses and buildihgs of all descriptions were
mow 11 uown utiu trees were torn up oy u.e ruuia
1 .1 . . 1? nLT.. 1 T-.J
" " P"""" -T " -r bV. -;. mun dDali iea of the depart- lands in conformity with articleN 5 G and 7 extending at the toot I " ?"" " "- w "F J - "-
au." S fhe lanKong in of tho titles from Commissioner General; which they shall pre. and earned a gxeat distance The Petersburg Intel-
W.M" J- j!. r
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The Texas Republican. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 5, 1834, newspaper, July 5, 1834; Brazoria, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80246/m1/2/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.