The Texas Republican. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 42, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 20, 1835 Page: 4 of 4
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From the Essays of Benjamin Frank-
I'm written by himself.
ON THK SLAVE TRADE.
Reading m the newspapor the
upeech of Mr. Jackson in congress a-
gains; meddling with the ulfair of slave-
ry or attempting So intnid ihe condition
ef slaves it put mo in ininu ol a simi-
lar speech made about one hundred
years since by Sidi Mahomet Ibrahim
a member ol" the divan ot Vlgiuis which
may be seen in Ma.tiu's account of his
they arc I doubt too little disposed to
labor without compulsion as well as
too irriKimiuio establish eood cocrn.
mem; and the wild Arabs would boon Will Practice Mehicixe Srncr.nv
inolest and destroy or again enslave aKD Ohstetric'ES. jf -1
them. While serving us we take care
to provide thorn with ovory thing; and
they are Heated with humanity. The
laborers in their own countries are as
1 am informed worse fed lodged and
clothed. The condition of most of
them is therefore already mended and J 02111 "ST. WiUS A G S3
requires no turuier improvement.
! Here their lives are in satety. '1 hey '
Y virtue of an execution to me directed 1 shall sell for cash
in the Town of Brazoria on the lOlh July next a gold watch
and chain levied upon as the property jf J. M'Caslin to e Uts.y
an 'execution in favor oi II. U'Crackin vs. said M'Cnsiiu.
JOHN C11AFF1N Deputv Sheriff.
June 13th 1835-11.-
Y Sundry executions to mo directed I shall expsc to pubtie
ale lor cash in ilic Town ot Columbia on lime 'Hid next All
: hid .stock of cattle horses hoys also a halt IcuL'ue land aUioininc
Respectfully oilers his professional -p. p. i pri0i. and others hlimainn to Geo. Tennillw levied
consulship. 107. It was against grant- j me nQl m!je t0 ue unpressed for sof- scrriccs to tho inhabitants of Columbia J upon as the property oi u'ej. Tcunille to satisfy sundry .Execution?
ang the p.titiou of sect called Erika. j .J (Qrmd lQ cu flm unoher.g M( its vicinj(y. in favor of Wyley Martin and otners.
or Purists who prayed lor the abolition ! Chldtuins tnroiUSj a8 in tllB Wlirs 0f June 5th lSSS.-ll-tf. rr
ofpiracv and slavery as being uJ lthl!ir oWIICOUIIlrios. If som oftlie .' Also: Two negro fellows levied upon as the property of J. K. .
Mr. Jach-oii doe not quota u: per- s mad b g wl0 H)W casa Us 7 rp j jp I Long to 3aU3ty a.t execution in lavor oi J. d. U. Byrom. May 21
haps he has not socn it. it thoreloro . . . .. a . .- T J JL V- Alt ijtfo. H
tin o in i& in
some of itt rasoninis aie to be found
in his eloquent speecn it may not on!)
show tnat inou's interests operate ami
are operated on with surprising simila-
rity m all countries and climates
whenever thev are under simitar
cumslances. The Afrit
translated is is follows
'Alia Bismillah &e. God
and Maiiomei is his prophet.'
"Have these Erike considered
of blind zeal freed their slaves it
was not generosity it was not humani
.;... 7.....-..A i.. i. ..... ;.)' M mk undersigned takes this me-
l j tlttll lltVSVU lillilil IU lilt) UViWlMl) 11 I H I
was from the conscience burden of n t!0(' ' "'rin'nB t! pnWic that
; j load of sins and hope from the supjo- a" ol"er "B"' .. erscteu ui
cr .t .r;ta i- ! .! tn i the mouth oi the Rio Brazos ami as the
.ii r . t. . 3ki munis oi so lioou u worn. 10 ue
' ' fi rl()fl f i-ji.i t' I.. I lit ir.
vr.t?iLi knjm uuiniiuiiuii.
' ly are they mnlaken in imagining
is great j snvery to be disavowed by the Alcor-
I an! Are not the two precepts to quote
the! no more.' Masters treat your slaves
bar is very often too rough for boats to
board vessels they might be deceived
by seeing both ilags living and in rang?
together; thereto. c the following sig-
nals will bo exhibited:
At htj?h water wiil be hoisted at the
tlagstatf a. white ilag win a Mexican
itaglc in black in the middle. It it is
na:f tide or low water the same will be
uoisted at half mast onl should she
consequences of granting their petition? j with kuidnes Slave ser3 vour
II wo coase our cruises against ilia niat-ters with cherfulness and fidelit.
Christians how shall we be furnished clear proofs to the contrary? Nor can
with the comodities their countries i the nlunderins of infidels be in that sa-
.....Inn. onJ ti-Iiwii i un 11 ur'IKUl rir I r-roj linr.1." (Virliirtd.n allien il w IVfll I UOISICU at ll"
ibr us? 'if we forbear to mike slave' ' known from it that God has given Uu.' n"1 b(-' 1"m1ldt-'dJ 'md lh"be Ilen-V .ol
oftheir people who in tins not climate wot hi and all that it contains to lis water omhe 11a. tne following rules
are to cultivate our lauds? Who are to ' faithful Musslemon who aie to enjov if I ma be obscneU.
. i . . .. i. r . .1 . r . U hen the vessel is near down to the
tv. and .of our iami.ies? .Must we not ' us then hoar no mo'ro of this detestable "ir. l fl"S ollle fllg!'ul1 wM be
;' i ..i. .i..i . : i .. i fM-; uauteu uowu auu two .uMiier nags
lllcll uu out unilai'iiea! .inu la ittuiuj MUi''.iuiuu hid iii.iiiuiimj-ium ui uihh-
not more compassion and more la. or ti.m slaves the adoption of which
due 10 us Mus-seiinru than to those ' would by depreciating our lands and
Clni.ian dogs? W o hac now aboe I houses and thereby depriving so ma-
fifiy t.ioasiiid slaves in and near ANi ny good citizens f their properties
iers. This number it iui kept ui bv (cr"ate universal discontent and pro
voke insurrections to the endangering
of government and producing general
confusion I have therefore no
no doubt that this uise council wil!
urefer the comfort and hanniness of a' r-'
.rlln'a n-l'Innr.I'lmnL.ilm.-nro t llinlVOUr VCS-icl Slildttell it
ll"IU llllllllll VI lll'i UltlUI.l( 111 1IIV I . . T
most lmpiSHi'JliJ to come in. ea-
sels with go J ground tackle need no'
be afraid lo anchor oil the Bar takinu;
Also: On the Oth day of July next at the same place the lower
tnird league Xo. u" Xtio.vu as part of the Bolivar league levied
upon as the property of Lawrence S. Kinney in favour of J. W
llull vs. said Kamiey. Also one tract of land lying on the east
Mde of the I'r-o.s and opposite the Gin place part of the Patl
rac; levied upon na tho preparty of P. R. Splane to s.itffy sundry
Executions in favour of Mtrgarot Jameson T. F. L. Parrott und
d. Uufteii a. id o.ne.s vs sua oplaue.
Also: Thrco negroes Hardy hiam and Eliza levied upon as
the property ol P. it. dlane .tnd Ann V. SpUinu to satisty Two
oecutions in t'avoi of M 'Meet and oodsou and i". r. L. Puriott
Adm'r of J. Austin.
fresh sappnes will soon dimmish and
be gradually annihilated. If then we
cease taking and plundering tho inti-
rlels ships and making slaes o( the
seamen and passengers our lands will
.become of no value tor want of cul-
tivation; the rents of houses in the cu
"ll sink vhalf; and the revenues ol
.government a. ising iiom Hie sliare or
.prize must be totally destroyed.
And for wnal? To gratify tho whiin ol
a whimsical sect who w.uld have us
.not only forbear making ni.re slaves
but even matnt. nit those we have. But
"who is to indemnify tlieir masters for
the loss? Will the state do n? Is our
treary sutneicut Will the Er ka do
it? Can they do it? Or would they to
do what they think justice lo the slaves
do a greater injustice to the owners'
And if wo set our slaves free what i
to be done with them Few of them
will retarn to their native countries;
they know too well the greater hard
ships they must there be subject to.
They will not embrace our holy religion
they will not adopt our manners our
people will not pollute themselves by
mairying with them. Must we main-
tain them as beggars in our streets: or
sulFer our properties to bo the prey of
their pillage? for man accustomed to
slavery will not work ibr a livelihood
when not compelled. And what is
there so pitiable in their present condi-
tion? Were they not slaves in their
own countries? Are not Spain Portu-
gal France and the Italian States gov-
erned by despols who hold all their
subjects in slavery without exception?
-.u.. ..iiuuu treats ner sailors as
eeted at a suitable dis trice from each
othci tmsc lhgs will oe n ulack Ball on
a white ground and p.re tne ranges
for crossing the Bar wiliout a Pilot.
In ruuuiiMg t'oiVii shouid it be to roiign
for boats to come out you should lay
oil' and on taking care not to get to
the Westward of tno Bar as mere
is general.) a strong current sett-
in that direction and unions
will be al-
Also: A Quarter league of land formerly belonging to the Is-
tate ol Sainl. Toy on the east side of the Bernardo just above the
Jfoiind levied upon us the property of J. Mather lo satisty an
execution in fuvuiir of A. C. llmes.
Also: Two Houses &. Lots in Brazoria adjoiui'-
Byroin and others evned upon as tne property of a
! sattslv several executions in lavarol V. li. Jack an
whim of a few Enka and dismiss tlieir j
The result was. a Martin tells us
that the Divan came to this resolution:
'That the Doctrino that the plunder
ing ai.d enslaving the Christians i un-
pjst is at best problematical: but that
it is the interest of this state to conlin.
to tiio practice is ch-ar: therefore let
care to anchor in 4 1 - fathoms watei
in rough wf athr. anl in line weather
they can anchor in safety in :i 1-2 la-
llioms. When vessels are oft" '.he liar
in bad weatiier a tire will hi- made on
the Beach every night. I shall slil
continue to conduct the IMotage as us
J. BROWN Pilot.
Month of Rio Brazos May 23.d l'u.
in ..:.. i ..) " a .i : iu fun
lit; I'lTLlllilij uu rrl!l lUtl i-.Tkiiu ll uu- .li If
rriected nennlSnilu u'J. ?d so do ffiv lutV at the hazard of
And since like motives arc apt lo
produce in the minds of men like opin-
ions and resolutions may we not ven-
ture to predict from this account that
(he jiptitions to the parliament of Eng
land for abolishing the slave trade In
say nothing of other legislature and the
debates upon them will have a similar
March 23 1790.
A London paper gives an interesting
description of the extensive printing
establishment of Mr. Clowes where
the publications of the celebrated nub.
tisher Chailes Knight and of the So-
ciety for the diffusion of useful Know!.
" ' edge are printed. They are employ.
A New road h
this place to
las been cut out from
the Bernardo cros
ing at my house which shortens the
distance to Cedar lake 0 miles; persons
going to or from Matagorda will find
it greatly to their advantnse to cross
the river at my house where there is
a good ferry boat always at hand.
slaves; lor they are. whenever the gov-
ernment pleases seized and confined in
ing thirty type iouiiders six stereotype
louuaers seven men damping paper
; " p-iM aw.Bu ituu common in inn mmn0;M.a ti -
ships of war condemned nolomvJ P ' 1 he principal com-
work but to fieri! rr." i t0 ' losing room where the types are set is
'b"".lStformailwagcs. or a 1 270 feet Ion-filled from..! t .
fmorn viiKriFlnno. . I . .i
...v. UUuoi3imiLe not uetter man our
slaves are allowed by us.
Is our condition then made worse by
their falling into our hands? No : they
have only exchanged one slavery lo'r
another; and I may say a batter: for
they aro brought into a land where the
sun of Islamism gives forth its light
uiiuaiuuea in wit splendor and they
have an opportunity of making them
selves acquainted with the true doc-
trine and thereby save their immortal
souls. Those who remain at home
have not that hanniness. Spndmtr .
slaves home then would be sending
them out of light into darkness.
1 repeat the question what is to be
done with them? I have heard it sug-
gested that they may be olant 5n tl.
wilderness where there is plenty of
iauu ior tnem to subsist on and where
they may flourish as a Ueo state. But
feet long filled from end to end
with a double row of frames. Two
steam engines are employed driving
the printing machines of "which there
are 8 that can each throw oiTfrom 700
to 1000 impressions per hour. There
aro fifteen common printing presses for
for fine work and 7 hydrau-
lic presses of 2G0 horse power each
for pressing paper. There is in tlw
establishment about 1000 works in ste-
reotypc of which lo are Bibles. The
first cost of these would amount to
100000 the weight is about 3000 tons
and if melted and sold for old metal;
would be worth 70000. The aver-'
age quantity of paper printed
amounts weekly to the astonishing
quantity of 2000 reams. When the
paper-makors and other tradesmen n--e
taken into account the men to which
this establishment gives employment
must amount to several thousands.
Aucti i Sale.
"SMMI be sold at public aun-
tion on the 23th day o f
T - . 1
June at 12 o clock one thous-
and acres of land on Austins
n-iyou about eiht nvles from
Galveston Biv & about G m'les
from Oyster Bay. this land is
valuable for raisin?; rjocts and
Stock qn:l Cotton fcc There
may be rrot throe or four hirl
some sun-mer seats as it is in a
ver3' healthey part of the coun-
try. C. P. MYRIC1C.
May 27th 1SH3. 39-5t
LEAGUE c5- ATXSWORTH
Attouxevs at Luv.
CoLturuiA June 6 1S35.
A LL persons indebted to the
---subscriber are requested
to make immediate payment as
further indulgence will not be
Also: One house a
ty oi il. ij. L'jjjuotol
ijviwiu vs. 1. R. si
fcs-fef Y viruc ofa le
SZ-B narv Judiro of ill
.1... .f l.nli I.c ivti
Uit tl 111LH.I1 l3"j "IN
at toe Court nouse in t3
AugtiSi next; the folluvJ
iiiua Oavce the sn.ma hi
fel for the- payment ol
ot la.id known as the-Tj
also tut half of a loagul
.vlnctiwiU be more pat
i'ne above properly wtl
curator of the succcsss
Columbia June 4tl
V-Jud'e ol the Jurist
ti-tion on the successifi
i.ii. ui. deceased. It!
bo lmvCi. of sitd applic
ty days iron this date
Columbia June 3d
Tr-."T 7?-r' i ft
4kil r4TA & Ji
AT THE RE ATI
nrUIERE wil! Ir
-- the above toi
tion of the public
the advantages of '
tuoan renpc atl
bcinginone of the
doubted that it wil
Brazos. It has til
the river clear of
from the nraiitm.
well timbered landp
he will give to purSj
mile and a half di
The subscriber if
of Sale to which ti
UST Received anr
M. W. SMITH.
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The Texas Republican. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 42, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 20, 1835, newspaper, June 20, 1835; Brazoria, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80263/m1/4/: accessed May 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.