Matagorda Bulletin. (Matagorda, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1, Wednesday, September 13, 1837 Page: 2 of 4
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frEDAZSaAr. SEPTEMBER 13 1837.
OrAll Letters directed to Texas from the Uni-
ted States should be post paid and directed to the
care of J. Brent Clark New Orleans.
Returns of Election.
COUNTY OF MATAGORDA.
For Member of Congress.
i 'i -
s 2 O
S : a H
Matagorda 20 19 1G 55
Robert H. Williams' 4 1 5
Trespalacios 2 2 3 5
Passo Cavallo 11 3 4 18
Turner Barnes' 5 1 G
Thomas McCoy's 12 4 1G
John Huff's 4 3 9 10
Peter Do Moss' 9 4 7 20
55 45' 43 113
In noticing as we have had opportunity and occa-
sion to do the evil arising from the present high rate
of duties we feel assured that the end sought
through the system has not been realised nor do
wo believe with its present organization it will be
Without going into a minute examination of the ex
isting scale of imposts we would ask What were
the designs of those who framed our Tariff? The
most probable answer to which would be the speedy
increase of the Revenue. Allowing this immediate
assistance to be a matter of the first importance and
that it could not be obtained through any other
channel which we do is not that system which sup-
plies the greatest quantum of necessaries while
guaranteeing such needful increase the one which
should in a country like Texas be adopted ?
Viewed in this light is not the present Tariff very
defective? Would not many articles of infinite value
to both farmer and mechanic bo importcd.but for
the enormous duties levied upon them and which
our merchants will not pay?. Are not these in con-
sequence kept out of tho country? Would not
their introduction contribute to national prosperity
to the wealth of the country md thereby to the
permanent relief of government? Are not many
goodsnvirtuaUtkJToft'6itcd by ftfoltfTariff i
when a morpbl PcW0U'i2jfljBJPSHPF;
ot our every want ana sooner accompli!) the prime
object of the law? That a Tariff is jocessary is
admitted we presume by all. The qjestion then
very naturally suggests itself how shall t be carried
into effect so that the actual demandsof Govern-
ment may be satisfied and the imposed burden have
an equal bearing upon all classes of society? That
it is a subject requiring profound wisdom and deep
thought in order to legislate understandingly we are
aware. Many great and good men have erred in
their consideration of it but having after mature de-
liberation been convinced of their error & being ho-
norable men they have honestly acknowledged the
wrong and from experience having learned wisdom
have gone forth with determined zeal to make resti
tution for the past and with a firm resolve to guard
against the recurrence of similar evils from tho same
The Bank being formed of marine shells which
renders it impervious to the heavy rains incident to a
Southern countryifcbaingalikc free from dust insea-
sons of the greatest drought commences at the up-
per line of the town and extends along Matagorda
Bay toward what is known as Battle Island famous
for a sanguinary battle fought between the early set
tiers of Texas and tho Karankaway Indians. Its
elevation above high water mark is from three to
ten feet and beside receiving at all times the full
force of a strong sea breeze commands an extensive
view of a most beautiful sheet of water with the pe-
ninsula running out to sea at its head which may be
viewed for a distance of many miles. The Bank is
at present overgrown with mostly light shrubbery
but here and there interspersed with the tall hedge
bush which affords cither morning or evening
pleasant shade. Over the largest of these arc an
endless variety of running flower and "grape vine
which with the tree has formed in many places a
bower the hand of art might attempt but in vain to
equal. On cither edge and below at certain sea
sons of the year aa far as the eye can reach is
spread one vast variegated bed of flowers of all
hues and descriptions whose odoriferous sweets
"ocr our senses stealing" are only to be compared
with their unrivalled beauty of appearance. Sin-
cerely do we believe tho time not far distant when
the Shell Bank of Matagorda will be as renowned as
the conceded matchless Alamedo of Mexico; as cer-
tainly it note bears enviable comparison as regards
location and natural besuly with either the far f lined
Mall of Boston or boasted Battery of New York.
ducing healthy action our activity has sadly dimi-
nished. 'Tis the effect of the climate gentlemen
New York Banks Withiu sixty days from their
suspensions in May last the New York Banks have
Contracted their discounts ten millions their circu-
lation about one and a quarter million and added
to their depositcs about two millions. The Courier
and Enquirer further states that when they were
compelled to suspend they held as much specie as
thev ever had
Will not our legislators now that they have leis
ure and opportunities for thought and study reflect
upon this subject that when the time shall come for
their assembling together they may be prepared to
Scenery in Texas. Judging from the description
of those whom we know both from opportunities of
comparison and correct taste capable of treating
upon scenic representations we of the sea coast
know nothing of the real beautv of the countrv in
this respect. Variety is ever pleasing and on a prai-
rie of forty miles square there can be little to capti-
vate the senses or inspire poetic feeling and we
regard the perfections of landscape which we have
with less of admiration than we should were we to
meet with the same in contrast with its opposite.
Such is natural and never wc think was an asser-
tion more clearly verified than in the case of our
Shell Bank. This by far the most beautiful natural
spot we have ever met with upon the sea coast is
apparently little valued by our citizens and 'their
neglect of its advantages is to us matter of surprise
when we reflect that millions could not erect near
any city in tho States a place for promenade or
pleasure riding which would at all compare with
what Matagorda might have with but a few hundred
dollars expense. How true the saying that we
prize our possessions in proportion to the' labor ex
pended in procuring them. For the information oi
distant friends who at this sultry season are de-
bared the' pleasure of an evening ride or walk over
so delightful and cooling a retreat we will give a
hasty sketch of its location extent &c.from which
Jt will be evident that language would be inadequate
'to portray all which it is capable of affording this
community in the way of exercise and amusement.
There arc various kinds of Fevers incidental to
the Southern country such as the Yellow Billions.
and Conjcstive all of which wc would avoid if pas
sible; but of all diseases to which the human sys
tem is liable in this climate wc recollect of none
more baneful in its influence or dangerous in its
tendency than one by our citizens denominated
the Texas fever; it is wc believe sura to attack
sooner or later most of those who visit our shores
and a poor creature once the victim seldom if ever
recovers his original powers of loquacity or natural
activity the illness often destroying if not the abili
ty the primogenial desire to locomotion Wo have
repsatedly urged our friends of long residence in
tie country to give us in detail the history of this
nakdy fiom the first and piemonitoy symptoms
t) its close; but thus far our solicitations have been
no avail. As faithful public servants wc have
nied it our dutto warn those who have recently.
or may hereafter come among us of the evil as it
exists and as far as our own experience and obser-
vation goes they shall have the full bciefit.
Tho first symptom of the complaintis an inordi-
nate desire for food n appetite which nothing
will for any considerable length of tiir.e satisfy
as there is an abundance of good beef bam veal
the best of fresh butter and sweet milk they in-
dulge; in consequence they become weak in their
joints and betake themselves to some cool and sha-
dy spot where they recline in indolence profound.
Persons under the influence of this fever will take
but little exercise cither of limb or tongue indeed
wc have seen some of our friends from the States
so bad that it was with the utmost difficulty they
could converse and as for moving their limbs it
would seem had refused their offices. As we write
a subject is before us he is leaning against a bar-
rel head it being too much exertion for him to mount
full upon it his hat some days ago wis carried a-
way by the breeze and has not since received the
benefit of bristles the envelops of his manly form
arc well arranged for displaying the symmetry of its
fair proportions and the original color of the mate
rial aided by the sun of some summers has run.
dered it proof against weather and in appearance suf
fers as little from dust as the conveniences attached
to his understandings from the use of blacking.
Becoming as he evidently has more retiring in his
disposition wc were induced to make inquiry after
his welfare and were pointed to the barrel which
it is said he has monopolised. We really thought
him poor fellow at rest and extremely regret his
stay not doubling his heart's desire and prayer
would be to "go hence and be here no more"
breathing we know must be an exertion for which
he is ill repayed. Speaking of- tho genius a few
days since a friend at our elbow remarked that he
was onco (some years back reader) known to
quicken his usual pace; and on inquiry into the
cause he supposed or fancied he beheld his wife
(whom he believed dead) after him; he did not re.
cover from this exertion for a long period. Yonder
he leans we wish him no hatm would step for-
ward in his defence or to his assistance did neces-
sity require but our prayer is that God would in
cline his mind to some good and set the wheels of
his machine in motion or in his own good time
remove him from our village his presence affects
us sensibly we are getting nervous and if he does
not quit his accustomed retreat the barrel shall be
rolled away if wc do it ourselves by moonlight.
We are not in' a perfect state but necessity truly
the mother of invention has compelled us to resort
to medicine which taken in time is sure of pro"
We call the attention of our readers to the procla
mation of the President in a preceding column re
lating to a murder recently committed at Bexar.
e hope every citizen will consider it his duty cor
dially to second the president in his commendable
zeal to arrest and replace in the hands of outraged
justice the wretch who has thus proved himself un
worthy the protection of civilized society. This
miscreant and the murderer of the lamented Teal
stalk abroad in our land yet unpunished by mortal
hands; but the terrible mandate "whoso siiedouth
jf.ik's iilooi) nr max shall hu hlood be siieu"
has gono forth fo meet them at every turn darkly
foreboding the certainty of punishment and bearing
the horrid torture of eternal fear to their harrowed
souls. Houston Telegraph.
uv Tin: rmsiDirrr or the rtKi'irnuc or texas.
Whereas having received official information from
Bexar that on the 20th ultimo a man by the name
of J. II. Nash committed as appeared by an inquest
legally held on the occasion " wilful and unpro
voked murder." bv stabbing a Mexican vouth 10 or
17 years of age and escaped the officers of justice:
I do therefore by these presents in the name of the
Republic of Texas offer a reward of two hundred
dollars for the apprehension and delivery of the said
Nash to any Judge or Justice of the Peace of this
republic in order that he may be dealt with ac.
cording to law. Tho murderer was subsequently
seen on the Gonzales road travelling eastward.
KIIc is about five feet eight inches high black hair
and eyes stout built ruddy complexion and about
twenty eight years of age."
In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of
the Republic of Texas to be hereunto affixed
and signed the same with my hand.
Done at the city of Houston the Sth day
of August A. D. 1837 and of the Indc-
L. S. pendencc of the republic the second.
By the President. SAM HOUSTON.
R. A. Imo.v Scc'ry of state.
The following article is travelling the rounds of
the United States' papers. It speaks volumes in
evidence of the information prevalent in that coun
try respecting the geography of Texas. No doubt
if we should venture to declare to the learned edi
tors who are circulating this article thai Bexar is situ-
ated more than one hundred miles from navigable
waters they would promptly reply that we must be
Fugitivks from justice and therefore entitled to
no credit! Houston Telegraph.
Burning of the Toicn of Besar. The Mcrcurio
of Matamoras of the 5th May states that a body of
Tcxians had suddenly fallen upon the town of Bex
ar in order to carry off the Mexican families resi
ding there and the latter having made resistance
several persons were killed. On retiring the Tcx-
ians set fire to the town and embarked in their ves-
To the Editor of the Matagorda Bulletin.
In Charlevoix's history of New France a work
published in French about a century since there is
an account given of a settlement made on the coast
of Texas by tho French under M. do la Salle in the
year 1GS5 at a place which they called "Mata Gor-
da;" which words the Creoles say means " bushy
place " The Emigrants came out from France in
five -vessels and were provided with all the means
which were at that day supposed to be necessary for
the successful establishment of a colony. The co-
lony flourished however during a brief period only.
Tho jealousy of tho Spaniards who had established
themselves in the Mexican Provinces was aroused
by this intrusion of the French upon a territory of
which they claimed the monopoly and they accord
ingly fitted out an expedition against the unsuspect
ing 1- rench upon whom they poured out their savage
vengeance so effectually that not one of the happy
French Colonists were left to tell tho story of the ex-
terminating massacre and wc are left in as utter
darkness of the locality of ancient Matagorda as we
are of that of Ninevah. Various circumstances
however lead us to believe that it was situated to
tho West between this and the mouth of the San
ntonio river. Soon after the peace was made
with the Karankaway Indians a few years since tho
Chiefs on a visit to this town were told that its name
was "Matagorda? "No !" answered they "Mata-
gorda is there !" pointing towards tho South West.
It is worthy of notice that while the Mexicans held
La Bihia (Goliad) the Collector of the customs
there was styled The Collector of the Port of Ma--tagorda.
A gentlenfan who belonged to the patriot army
at the siege of La Bahia in the year 181213 (a-
brothcrof one of the heroes of the Alamo) once in-
formed me that during that campaign he was one of
a party who were despatched from La Bahia in
search of artillery to assist in tho defence of that
place. The party crossed the San Antonio and
Guadeloupe rivers and proceeded to the shore of a
Bay which he said was called "Laguna Verde"
where they found the remains of an ancient fortifi-
cation and in searching among the ruins which were
shown them by one of the native Mexicans they
found two small pieces of artillery upon which were
incrusted the oxid of ages. If I mistake not there
is a particular description given in Charlevoix of the
ancient Matagorda. This work is probably to be
found in some of the Freuch Libraries of New Or-
leans ; and if any gentleman in that city will forward
that description to your office if he have a taste
for antiquities my bumble efforts shall be exerted
to give him a treat.
ONE OF THE OLD 300.
By the last accounts from Chili an expedition
was preparing against Peru consisting of 3000
troops inclusive: of 500 cavalry. These with seven
vessels of War were expected to depart about the
latter end of June.
The Duke of Wellington givc3 an annual dinner
on the anniversary of the battle of Waterloo to all
the oliiccrs who fought with him on that memorable
field. The gradual decrease in the number of his
guests must be as good as a yearly sermon on the
uncertainty of life.
Incendiaries are at their diabolical work in New
Haven where 1G housed were desirovad on Wed
nesday week. The fire broke out in three different
places at the same lime.
Dixox the Slave. The long pending question
regarding this slave in New York has been at length
settled in fivorofthc claimant by the chief Justice
of the Supreme Court. An appeal to the Court of
Errors will doubtless bo taken.
A public meeting has taken place in England on
the subject of the steam boat explosion which lately
took place at Hull. Their object was to have somo
parliamentary measures to compel the employment
of none but competent engineers and to obtain such
other legislative measures as would tend to prevent
such calamities in future. If a similar demonstra
tion of public opinion were to take place amon" us.
wc should not lave such almost daily record of
steamboat disasters with such tearful loss of life as
wc now have.
The "Apprentice system'" is working tho entire
ruin of England's once flourishing Wcstlndia Island.
Even Jamaica cannot produce food enough for tho
support of its inhabitants. Such are the blessed
fruits of the abolition doctrines!
The following decree of the Mexican Govern
ment was received at the Merchant's Exchange of
New Orleans on the 7th instant fiom Tampico.
The President of the Mexican Republic to its in-
habitants. Know vc that the Geucral Congress has
decreed as follows :
Art. 1. The Government is hereby authorised to
compromise the claims which the government of the
United States has instituted or may hereafter insti-
tute and those in which they cannot agree may be
submitted to the decision of a friendly power the
United States of America agreeing thereto.
Art. 2. The Government is further hereby au-
thorized that in case tho United States of America
should refuse to give the satisfaction which on our1
part wc have a right to demand according to the
treaty or in case the open aggressions should con."
linuc which have been commenced to close our
ports to commerce of said nation to prohibit the in-
troduction and the us.2 of its manufactures to point
out a period to consume or export those already in
the country and to adopt all the necessary means to
effect said measures and the safety of the republic.
Government Palace at Mexico 20th May 1837.
Tho decree had been received at Tampico for
promulgation but tho letter transmitting it to New
Orleans accompanied it with the following remarks :
"Notwithstanding the above decree issued by the
Government it is my opinion that all the difficulties
existing between the two nations will be amicably
adjusted by negociation."
Tho letter which wc publish below was written
by a gentleman of this place to one in the United
States with whom he is not personally acquainted
but who has lately married a young lady to whom he
Matagorda (Texas) 10th Sept. 1S37.
Sir: In populous countries and in cities it is cus-
tomary for men to travel upon the roads and to walk
in the streets each intent upon his own pursuits; and
amidst such multitudes he has neither time nor in-
clination to salute his fellow travellers; and if he
were to do so his salutations would be made unob
served or if noticed at all he would be stared at
with astonishment and shunned with horror as a ma-
niac who had escaped from Bedlam as a lion in the
midst of the flock and ready to devour. A man.
standing by the way-side is passed as indifferently a3
the lamp post and one met in the avenues goes oa
as unceiemoneously as the dray horse.
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Niles, J. W. J. Matagorda Bulletin. (Matagorda, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 7, Ed. 1, Wednesday, September 13, 1837, newspaper, September 13, 1837; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80325/m1/2/: accessed January 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.