Carnes, J. M. Alpine Avalanche (Alpine, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, April 17, 1903, newspaper, April 17, 1903; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth803659/m1/1/: accessed October 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .