The National Vindicator. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 18, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 23, 1843 Page: 3 of 4
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ST" BC: "V- 13S
r. vt-r ----v
i . -.- "." jKafcCT-.cJv-X i5t"3 -.-5&i
wm m enormous:
tnlrea thousand head
(Ail mmttt 'js-'aetpeyond oar means) at fir dollars
liii littMiriii lll'nin dollars ttearlr everr dollar
Tlsaftfobe would produce a circaHRiok ' money amply
ideaVfcr die VMM W oe whale DODulation. No mora mo.
vJe needed. inlommunitv. then sufficient to inre imbalse to
tttdeajdenff raciradatioaV ohe'dollar frequently perform.
f ib w cgwM wi KuvuaftuuiH.au ure BUTaaiagca oi one aun
-l:tni-more maaey tkaa Mit aumcienuo meettkana.
I:l$MtofkzchaRgsWcomea a dtaadvaatage relieraWe.on-
ly oy sewming itaeu an ocyectot commerce n meonreateaca
not t be aBprwandMt we imagine in taw country tor aoMa
But bur Battle at present are comparatiTely welaaa minister-
iaf to'be sure to the domestic wants of our population but con.
vibuting little to our commercial objects. Our large herds of
came increase and fatten upon our praines and the rich natural
lacts ef our Taleya without much pecuniary benefit to their
4jwflers. Why this 7 The want of a market. This market wiU
' beVsupplied by the eaerpy and means ot such men as Thomas F.
TlcHliney and others. Patronize them and their success will
' . efcUowe3 dhd imitated by other adventurers until the annual
producVc? our rich "prairies will be consumed bringing comfort
and wealth to-every family. Every thing must have a beginniag
and Mr. McKmney has the honor of being amongst the first in
this enterprise .Such men deserve much from their country-
more in our estimation; though few than all the noisy bluster
iag brawling politicians in it with which commodity Texas un.
fortunately is furnished va excess. A few scores could be
exported with much profit to .the coejiry. . .. - r "
Wm wiaistsiin that ear rnenrvtma s. ayatror m cngagea in
a aiaular enterprise at Virginia Point Weheartily wish these
gentlemen success beyond their rafet sanguine eipecfatiofhsi We
rejoice in the prosperity of honest industry and enterprise; and
for the life of us cannot avoid enjoying a'n ideal property ia
Of hogs and aheep in our next.
Old Texaa Treasury notes were selling at New Orleans oa
the 16th Dec. for 7J cents on the dollar.
Appointments Confirmed by the Senate.
James B.JttUler Secretary of the Tieasury.
Thomas Wm. Ward Commissioner of the Gen
Land Offide. ' : ! ' x ' l
' Maximilien Vanden Bbrgh' Consul (of Antwerp-
Nelherlanda. V. - '"
Jothua J.rpoowyck Consul for KottordanfU 1 .
' Thomas howejCorraut for the City of Dublin
Ireland.' .T- - ;
Maly E. Dumdn Consul for Ceite France.
Thbrnas' J.4 Fetty place Consul for Mobile tF.S.
William Henry Brockett Vice Consul lor New-castle-'iipon-Tyne.
. Peter MacGreal. District Attornev for the first
rJuditial tftltficl. ; .: . i
Daniel D. Culpj Notary Public for the County
of Hnirfs.''- .. - . i? ;
Moses Park Notary Public for the County of
Mills M. Battle Notary Public for the County of
ELECTION OF MA J. GENERAL.
. In oar paper of to Jay will be found a statement exhibiting the
tesaltkof the election for Major.General in the different counties
from which affinal returns hare been received at the Department
of -State. This statement is obtained from the State Depart
ment' and may-wherefore be relied upon as correct. It appeals
that from no less tflan ttu counties to wit: Fannin Lamar
Bowie Jefferson Fayette Victoria Jackson Goliad San Pa.
wield' and Refugio official retcrni have not been received.
How and whytss. this ? The election was held on the 4th Sep.
tember last ; and a much longer time scr'ely would not be want-
ed to receive returns. of an election held in China. What has
become of the Chief Justices.and Associate Justices of these
counties ? Are they dead 7 -o? -hare they Uft I or have the peo-
ple of these counties-asy suoh officers ?. "Be this as it msy it is
alike discreditable ft both officers and people. .- . C
Surely the people can select from themselves that always
abound with the very best materials officers that know and .will
perform .their duty.. An officer who assumes a public trust and
will -not perform its duties er shrinks from its fulfilment through
partiality favor or affection ia unworthy the trust and should
be eeeafes! from every community in which he lives. We trust
--that high waters the failure of ihe-mails crsome other. casualty
has caused this. We will not believe that this failure is tnten-tioaal.
Watson the .former Sheriff ef Milam is at large. This man
was committed to the jail of Milam County by two magistrates
f. Washington. -Application was made to the Chief Justice of
Milam Countv for a writ of kabemt corpus. It was wanted. The
case was investigated by the Chief Jjjsticci.'and the prisoner turn h
- Meseae. This too as we unaerstsna expert "wirarwinouiy-
iag the District Attorney. Thus two' magistrates commit ' rr.an
'if-frae a'single magutrate rtlemtet him. Would it not-be
- '-wilTBe slew the constable to'eefeniuiie whether aprisonerevfat
-wie.aeisapnsoned or not simply upon his own.view of disease
withoat reaertisig to. this judicial Fmree of-an ignorant magistrate
trviaer thai fewst.and extraordinarv writ of habem corpus ? This
weald have-Jsie --good 'effect to.prerent the.VesecrdriM ofthia
greaLwPt-ay. ijii.awt rir amen of smwgflttcg-ignprance. new
estsr-ual:Eed was tne Chief Justice ot Milam to decide
-this case; amttwe magistrates of this county each equally intel.
Ureal T' Cannot Congress relieve the country from this judicial
THE ATTORNEY GENEhADS LETTER OF IX.
9TRUCTI0K fd THE DISTRICT ATTORNEYS.
.n.-leoking over an old file of the "Austin Ci pazette" we
wfre forcibly struct wilh' the apposhencss chd propriety of the
iaettactioaa therein given. These were given some two; years
siaesv (iHave -they had the desired effect?' Read the iitstrac.
tini pfeeeated iu another column and Seel Hare any recogni.
arm beads been sued upon and recoveredf We know of none.
Has crises jeea.weakened by the infliction of condign punish.
Mat apea the perpetrator thertfofT We thinkfnot. Crime has
iasrssseid within that time- These instructions fell a dead letter
tresMhe haadsof their able author as useless and inefficient as
"iftKey'-had never been made. "We reaublisfi these instructions
father as a remeniacence of by-gone days as an evidence of
w4at one able man has thought than with the expectation that
ay good will result therefrom.' Do you ask what should be
releae?' We answer District Attorneys Jails Jails.
We extracpb tollqwin from an article in the
rejr Orleans 'Tropic on. tbt Subject of Great Brit
ain the Uoitad Slale? Jfnd Texas:
((From'informalrnn that has reached us in vari-
ous shapes we are timpressed with the belief that
the assertions made by out .Galveston correspon-
dent in the letter to which we -have alluded lacked
authorityT We have great confidence in the
intelligence and integrity ofGjalvestonandin
hk sources of information yet it is.ouT.dpinion with
all tlie 4 igtits-before jt that he has been groatlyde-
oeivedb'thosewhase designs are yet to be un-
masked and that hehasjinwittintymde us the
iastrument in deceivinj: of attempting" to deceive
others. We are satisfied that tfie clamor about the
iaterference of British agents with Texian aflaira
has been raised principally for the purpose of cre-
atine? excitement amon? the Deonle of the Southern
Stales in order on one hand lb serve the views of
certain dishonest politicians in this country and on
the other hand to frighten the South into an effort
in lavor of annexation of Texas to . the Union for
eJbeoemotaChener and speculators in Texas.
I?wjrTnti the least degree surprise us (p ieafu
thK Hauston.'a" person bv no means deficient in
lacshrewdus and" intellect has indirectly made
MeifiiB8 inveterate enemies for the advancement
"flaaAwn rifB tnn whwh earns have orsvinatfld
l s I vri'.!. i j .'.i. i r .r- j
sal a tervHu aesire iu suu iu iuc kiw J Vl UIS uutr
ted country. SaamHonsten is a man of wayward
aad eccentric inaiulse- but we can scarcely be-
liera him flaa.to'th Hmd of his birth. We can
pmlf .magi. UjatteWt ofTejrw.ujoiiJiif
wre pncalTjWMerevtw jawoverpowenag;
rmivm; magiae mat wevwaima ot nia
'toViticKhe M inaepeably united by
and ditfemuC :Jt-w aot ih the nain
i awDo.niaTBr ioie ciatms
alfiiteadd $o the ovargrpwa
mmv? SMwoea as. tie may pe
aa - uTii ri ir-t. ".
Wj4 i-fc 'V
i?XB - hhk nave
; T. ?.$
1 36. 1
4 I 12
t 3934 1973 1861 558 307 62 158 4 ..8857 1
'from tnese counties official returns nave not been received.
Forty or fifty families of German emigrants ar
rived at Galveston a few days since. Citizen.
Cheap Soap. Since pur late publication of the 1
rpminei reiaiive- id nnniii sbvciui uuisiiiin 111 liiis
jcity have attempted to mae sap according' to our
directions but have Jailed. A his was. owing to
the quality of the; sa. soda used- 'Inhere is only
one keg of sal soda in the city We have examin
ed it and tfnd th;-.t it requires a Iargef qnantiiy of
soap than we mentioned in our receipts. As there
was a slight error in the reeeiees.we published a
short time since we republish them Corrected V
Take'l and a half lbs. barsoab. 12 o: sal soda.
2 oz. supef carbonate soda: 12 lbs. 10 oz. .water.
PThese should be boiled together only iof a short
.time unni tncy.are welljnixed. Another :
Take' one pound Bar sbapf one pound sal soda
anoTterr pints water' boil these well together and
set them ji way tp'cool. If the snl soda is good the
soap thus formed will be equal in quality to (he
best soft soap. Telegraph.
Yucatan.--Yte extract the tollowing from the
N. O. Bee of jr$ Tth ihst. "We learn by the arri-
val oCihe brig Dclpnina from Campeaehy that the
Commissioners appointed to treat with Mexico
were for the second time- on the point of embarking
for a Mexican port wheie they .were1 expected. It
is thought that a definite- treMyf. peace will beat
length negociateJ a supposition -corroborated by
the favorable disposition of the Congress of Merida
which adjourned on the 17th ult."
The Courier of the 6th insfc has the following
intelligence received by the same arrival: "The
Congress at Merida closed their session on the 17th
N6y. and the 10th Governor Mendez took charge of
the government. s. j.necunguovernor U. Miguel
Barbachano published a valedictory address in
which he recommends the acceptance of the pro-
posals madehy the Mexican Government for estab-
lishing peace. The French brig-.pr-wc Griffon
was detained at Oampeachy'itnd will probably take
the" Yucatan Commissioners again to Vera Cruz.
It is general ly thought that in hbout a month the
treaty will be ratified on conditions very favorable
to Yucatan; the conditions being the same as offered
in August last to the Commissioners by the Mex-
ican minister of war D. S. M. Tornel Cttferft.
Attornev:General' Office )
City of Austin March 1 1848.
Toihe District Atlmy of the -r- Juditud District:
Sia: It has been represented to this Department
that that branch of the laws of the Republic which
has been confided to the supervision and control of
the District Attorneys of the country has been
fcfttttly neglected and in raanv instances suffered
1x-:jl laii f ' i - .
t w fcuiaiu wuuiiy.jtimreim.ve insomucn.tnat titers
are very many iorfetted reeognisances bonds and
other obligations in favor of the Government which
are peimittedto neenfifiseleirlthou ven
an effort lo enforce them rand make them available.
It is further represented that many offenders against
the criminal laws of the country have beep suflered
to escape after.arrest some through' connivance
others through negllgeuctCof 5;the officers; some
even afieronvictioo for capital crrmesliaVe been
permitted to ecapa the. hands rif justice. ' -J
' .' $ :"W-K Pe;ihe etinfce.vils
by their recurrence tlje Presiderif hes "instruclcd
me to issue to- the different District Aueraers the
following instruclwns: w'.
You will forth nitli place in a train of collection
all bonds and obligations forfeited reco Tniance or
other liabilities of whatever character whereou a
right oi action has accrued to the Government and
pnforce them with the Utmost rigor of the laws.
. You wilj prefer indictments against all sheriffs
jailor? justices constables or other officers who
have (either voluntarily or negligently) suffered
persdns charged or convicted of crimes to escape
from their custody and prosecute them with your
tittnost vigor. Under this denomination of offen-
ders .will be included nil officers- who 'have taken
bond which are illegal and void' on security who
was notoriously insolvent when taken.' ;
At eachand" every term of the District Court you
will move against all ministerial officers who have
failed lo collect or to pay over arry:monies accruing
to the Kpubhcor to reium nrecably to law any
arid all process in Xvhich the Government may be
in anywise interested'.- And in fine you are in-
structed promptly to take such measures as are poin-
ted out by the jaws to bring to a strict account all
delinquent officers of whatever'grade or character
eithor for mailfcasm ce or nonfeasance in theif' re-
spective offices.'" Responsibility on" the part of of-
ficers being essential to fh well being of every Gov-
ernment it is 'par.ictilarly desiiable that you iusti
tute and enforce the most rigid system.of accounta-
bility throughout all the'nfhiificatinh's ol the Gov-
ernment so far as they arc conunitied iu charge to
you: ' .
' The law. requiring the enction of a jail in each
county remains far the most part a dead letter upon
the pages of the statue book. It is time this matter
was attended to. There are fr-w things which
more assist the administration of justice' or which
are better ' Calculated to deter offenders from the
commission of crime than ihe. existence of substan-
tial jails throughout the conntry; rtow'on the other
hand when we consider the great want of these
safe depositories of criminals the great incohve-
mence.and expence attending the transportation out
prisoners irom one county to nnoii.er (pernnps a
hundred miles distant) the freque'rVt opportunities
of escape thereby affoided it must be calculated
father to encourage 'he hardened offender when he
comes to calculate (he chances of conviction and
punishment that await him.
It is feared that Distiict Attorneys have not here-
toore duly appreciated the responsibility which
rests upon them. They are emphatically the con-
servators of.the.cotintry. They have the morals of
the cpmnhuriity; in a great measure under their
supervision; and aside. from the enforcement of ihe
criminal laws they have the whole revenues of the
Government more or less under their control.
Their vigilance faithfulness arid efficiency arc
therefore of the last importance to the welfare of
the country. -
In all well-regulated communities it :has been
found necessary' to the preservation of order to
the peade harmony -and tranquility of 'society that
the municipal Jaws by whieh those communities
were governed should be rigidly' observed or en
forced. If this rejrjafk be true in regard to.those
governments wnicn nave existeu lepg enough tc
have reduced the elements of society to order sys
tern ana euieq-poiiey; wuii now raucn more tore
win it apply to a community such as oars compose
of strangers from many different nations of th
earth unknowing and. unknown differing from
eachojherin manners customs language and ed-
ucation' with no ties of kindredfriendship or unity
of sentiment; thus constituting a hete'rogenious massi
ui uisuuruum uraieriuis u is not reason uuiy jy-pe
expedted thatihby will feel Ihdfnsel ves connected
together by those ties of common interest or kin-
dred feeling which bintf society together m those
older long-established -and well-organized com-
munities. The obligation restnig upon the' Gov-
ernment in such a state of sociSty to see that the
criminal laws of country.are strieffyvenforced is
enhanced in a ratio proportionate to the increase o!
crime which is the never-failing concomitant of
this elementary state .of government. This is
necessary no less for the protection of the peaceful
law-abiding portion of the community than for the
punishment qf the dissolute and the vicious. The
criminal" laws of the Republic have been so wholly
neglected or so shamefelly relaxed iu their opera-
tion that the conviction has forced "itself upon the
minds of the community generally that -it. is use
less io ormg onenpers.againsc lite laws before the
court of the country as they are' almost certain to
escape the punishment due to their crimes. Andl
am firmly convinced that.it ja chiefly this sentiment
thus impressed 'updn'the minds of the people that
has been oneprolifijj source of the evils which have
resulted to 'the country from what is termed "zbg-
ULATfNo" which has become so fatally.prcvolent
ill many portions of the Republic -ft is my'deci-
ded opinion thaHhiais one great reason why 'order
has been overthrown anU'siojence; outrage htld
crime have prevailedto so aTarming'an extent; and
which in various places have risen to so fearful a
height as seriously to threaten an entire subversion
of the civil institutions of the country. Among the
numbers of the vicious and unprincipled there are
also many good men who have engaged in these
unlawful and disorganizing undertakings and who
had they had confidence in the administration of j
justice by the courts of tlie country woulghayel
rjeen amongst ine most exemplary; peaceiui and
law-abiding'citizens in the"tibmmurfity. '
It is time for this state of things to. end; rfhe reign
of violence' turbulence' .and phisjoal 'force must
cease; orderly government- and the aws must pre
vail. To; the DistricrAttoiiieys df thd Republic is
confided ttiimporlfthtnhd responsible duty ofex-
'ecutin these injunctions and of enforcing ihe
laws generally; and. they will be Held to n strict ac-
countibrjhe execution of the" same.
A strict and rigid enforcement of the laws for a
short fTnte will bring back order quiet and harrao-
nvto our distracted countrv: it will'.resrore con
fidence at home; and Jnspjre it nboadin ourinsti-
tuitops.v - We shall theabe m. n few- years what
the God of Nature- doubtless desfgrieo the inhabi
tants ofthisfavored region of the earth to be a free
happy ndtfrosperous people. j ;i
G. W. TERKELrv
Attorney-General qf Republic of Texs.
Southern MantjfaptvrJes A linen tfufic-V -tory
is tlbout to be established hear tichrnbndVjii ' -Tliis
enterprise lias beeq u.udertaken by several
gentlemen who bail from Dundee Scotlaadfel
The EQUon .Courier says the purvey of thrf
Northeastern boundary line as defined - by the
treatyof Washington is going op most'satisfactprily.
The Commissioners on each side are represented;
as candid liberal-rain(Jt.d":menl-and no difference
of any moment 'has arisen .between them.. The
most critical part of their labors is already con-
eluded. Ci'tetu .
The amount of-U. S. -Treasury notes outstanding
on incr isi uec. u is omciauy siatea was S4.U66
925 92. " . ; ' .-. "s '
THE subscriber having with much labor andsxpsM sas-
caeded in rsaring this valuable proluet alika nscasaarjr aa
an article of taste luxury aad titilitjr now orTers tbem for sale.
His Vineyard cmbracts tome 3.7 varieties of the fraps incladinf
the most choice and valuable that hare aTer bean brought to hta
couuirr ia in the city of Houston j'open do the inspection of all1
persona who may feel interested in thsbjct. Ths following
is a list of the varieties: ':'.'.
. ... TAat oiura.'B
wilexandris;' Claasilas whife and purls; .Royal. Muscadine;
Sweet Water white and Rurple.Issbf ll7 and Catawba. said to-1
be good as a table and wine grape they are of purple colon.
Black PrincV Black Cape; Muscat Malaga; Muscatel Msnuda;
Caspian itfantua; Uva dp Ray; Molar; .Nuda Machar; Gorda
Muscatel andJLarena. t ; ;:..'.
wise GRAfEs (so resutej.) -
Aniladc'Dlue Sherct; Bourne t Cerret; Green Verdal; White
Verdal; Red Verdal; Red Claret: White Claretr Cerret Bournet;
Ordinary Museatjcuppernong; Missoqrian; Raisin Grapes' dec
Aware from actual experiment pCthe difficplty of rearing tbo
grape vine from slips he is prepared to furnish the . vines with
thrifty vigorous roots to such persons as may fsel incliked to pur..
'chase. These he offers inelnding one of each. variety in all 27
for the sum of $0 payable in .cotton or pork delivered at the
city of Houston for which the Highest cash. price will be given.
Houston Dec. 30 fgf43.' 19tf ' ' JOHN CJRLOS.
STRAYED OR STOLEN. '
MY light iron-gray HORSE; about 16 hands hiph. branded
with according to law.'
Dec. 30 1843 .
- w -mrwui ovaeaif
; G. T. HOWTARD-
6ml9 Sh'ffBexar county. "
THE public araJiereby notified not to' trade for a promissory .
note gien by me to P. Dovleof KontuckV. admin;tt.
I in thatStato on the estate of DavM McCourt deceased dafedv.x?
Tthe 30th or 3 1st of December 1841 aa the Uw directs me; aa V "A
administrator of the estate of said McCourt in'tbis county to Bar - "
all sums belonging to-the same over to the County Clerk of this
county and by him-to the Treasurer of the Republicrsaid Me -Court
being a foreigner when he died in this country. " -
-. s ALEXANDER TUOMSON.Admv: '
Texas Milam County Dee. 5th 1843. dec 30 3wJ9 . "
. notice ' r ....Mv :" "
STOLEN from the undersigned in the tpwp of Waabington
on the night of the 25th inst. the foifo$uig:atscribed notsi".
and accounts viz : A joint note against John' M. Beard andB.
N. Sessum for the surd of $46-45 drawn in frvrfr of Jaeob'
Blythe ; one against G. H. Demoss for the sum of $12 50: ona
accepted order by. 9. H. Coo with credits balance dne on said
order 10 25 ; also an "account against J. II. Sphnn for 954 50;
also one other note against WilHam Henry for the sum of $15 ; .
also one note together with some other papers not recollected '
with my name affixed to it. AH persons are therefore forewarn
cd from purchasing or trading for said notes aad accounts; an
any person furnishing any information relative to said papers
will much oblige STEWART PIPKIN. -
Washington Dec. 25th 1843. - dec 90 3w
LETTERS of administration' having .been granted by the
Hon. the Probate Cofirt for Austin counV to J. W. C.
Northcott on the estate sT John D. Harvey thii is to givs notice
to all persons having claim against said estate to present them
within the time prescribta by law duly authenticated or they
will be barred ; and those indebted are requested ftrihwijh to
settle the aarae or they wilf be dealt with accofauur to faw.
' ' J. W. C.-NORTHOftTT Adm'r.
Dec. 39th JI3. 6w.l9 I
RxroBLic or Texas ' ' Probate Court '- . - r
County of Montgomery. J December Term 1849. -TTPON
the application and petition of-Wm.-Berryman a cred-
J itorofthe- esute of Henry Robinson decsaaed'tt is con.
sidered by ths Court that Zorastor Robinson at administrator of
baid estate proceed to sell according to law at the Court House
door in the town of Montgomery one half of tba quarter league
of land No. 1 situated about 8 mjles east of th town of Wash-
ington on the old Labardee road ; on said tract there are 125
acres under good coitivation.'good buildings and oatJtoaaaa oft.
every description ; being the late residence and alsaJatioaafdet.'
ceased on a credit of twelve months oa the first Tqesday in
February next and under oath make return of til Sane to this
Court at the February term thereof.
By order of H. M. GRIFFIN Prttate Jadgt.
Dec. 30th. -" 6w.l9 ' Clerk PCM-C.
ALL persons are hereby notified that the fcUowing.eartTf. -.
cates were lost by Col. A. Buffer jn 1&39 to-adl.'r-WlBiaBk -- -
Rice's head-right certificate for 12$0 acres f Jseaa Rics!s aaaoT. p
right for 320 issued by the -board of land coaamiasi0ners'feV. -
Washington county j Fountain Flint's head.right 6ft 640 isjas ':
issued in Ailam county r and R. Grave's heanchti64A aaraa.: .'
issued in Washington count!'.. If informarjoa of tha saaamikoliRx-" l
.. i ....:..! ...l.i .i .: !l-j i i fc .L-. .jJV - . - .
hoi ucietcucu wnnui ine nine piuscnoou mj low mwuniHif .. .
oi ims puoiicauiD application win oe maoa w ibb saupet ;
thority for a duplicate. R. GRAVESsr- -
Dec 30th 1843 9m-I9 ' I-r&;"l
. ii i I'll ;.- j i j ?. " ' . v
-- - ' - -tJ . M .. .3T. &.
W ETTER8 of administration havingifgg9nU4tiaaa
jbj aerstgnea on me estate.oi fienxy opiasoa swcsaai
the ProbaW Court of NeniRomery connry. this ia to tiva l
to all' persons' having claims agaiost-.aaid eatata to ataasattaaai
withial the time prescribed by law duly aatKewtisatad.' at tbay
will be barred ; sad those indebted wiflfecthwilkseWet
or they will be sued. "''
20RASTER ROUN80H. AdaVr.
JPec.30th. fiw.I9. .f
-is - " - r- - - r
V s- ' -
fciT-Tr i Ss own" T 5 a J VS-W
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Johnson, Thomas. The National Vindicator. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 18, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 23, 1843, newspaper, December 23, 1843; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80374/m1/3/: accessed January 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.