Texas Gazette and Brazoria Commercial Advertiser. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, Ed. 1, Monday, July 23, 1832 Page: 1 of 2
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BRAZORIA COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
C " '- " - "
cumens awZ Publications ex-
phentttoryqf the late commo-
jtttinsjancr present state of af-
. fairs in Austin's Colony.
Oa the I6U1 iast. Col. Jose
ilntono Mesia. the 2d officer of the 2d
division of the liberating army of
Gen. Santa Ana under the command
of Gen. Monlezumai anchored off the
j mouth of the Brazos river with his fleet
and forces composed of five sail and
four hundred men. Col Mexia sailed
from Tarapico on the 22d.ultmo to at-
tack the ministerial forces atMatamor-
as which place he took on the 29Ui as
will be seen by the translation from the
Boletin inserted below. Boing inform-
ed at Matamoras by the intercepted
correspondence from Tort Velasco and
other places in Tcxasofthe movements
here which" were attributed by the
military commandants of those posts to
have for their-uibject the separation of
Texas from Mexicohe agreed to a ces-
sation of arms withCol. Gueiraon the
6th of this month and on the 14th sail-
ed from the Brazos Santiago for Texas
accompanied by CoLS. F. Austin our
representative in the State Legislature
andibunder of this colony. Immediately
on his arrival Col. Mexia addressed an
official letter to the Alcalde John Austin
which is publishcd&elow with the an-
swer and in conjunction with the oth-
er documents will give the publick an
account of what has transpired.
I have the honor to enclose you a
copy of the convention entered into be-
tween the commandants in chief of
Matamoras and myself on the 6th of
the present month. This document
will inform you of the motives which
brought me to Texas and what would
have been my course had the late
movements here been directed against
the integrity of the national territory.
But if as 1 have been assured by re.
spectable Citizens the past occurren-
ces were on account of the colonists
navinc adhered to the plan of Vera
Cruz and I am officially informed of
that fact man uuequivocal manner you
can in that case apprize the inhabitants
that I will unilo with them to accom-
plish their wishes and that the forces
under my command will protect their
adhesion to said plan. -This -occasion
affords me the orportuuity of presenting
to -you the-assurance -of my c onsidera-
tfon and respect.
God os Liberty. Off the mouth of the
Brazos river on hoard the brig of war
Gsn. Santa Ana
16th July 1832.
Jose Antonia Mexia.
' To Citizen John Austin Alcalde.
This Convention was made between
Col. Jose Mariano Guerra Comman-
dant in chief of Matamoras and Col.
Mexia on tha 6th July for a cessa-
tion of arms and Col. Mexia agreed to
jrocced with his fleet and forces to Tex--ras
to protect the Mexican territory
-wfcicnh was stated by the official reports
-made from fort Velasco and other pla
ces was endangered by the attempt of
the colonists to declare the country ln-
'jMtacr of the Alcalde John Austin to
- Snt I have received your
official letter dated 16th of the present
month and in reply have the honor to
inform you that a committee appointed
by the inhabitants of this tovvn.wtll pre-
sent to vou.comesof the acts and reso-
lutioosheretofore adopted and the doc-
'timents as to the past occurrences which
will explain to you the principles that
fcyc governed us aptoftis time. These
JaCHnunts contain our truis sentiments
A will serve as an answer to your
official letter to me dated the 16th of!
Th enemies ofTexas the enemies
. f the enterprisingmen who have de.
their time and labour to lm-
' wvV cmiBtrv that was never before
bf hS! civilized men ave taken pains
-giJ a&ontinually doiisg it to attnb-
f ttf dispbsitioB to perate from
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tho Mexican confederation. We have
never entertained and have not any
such intcniton or desire. We are
mexicans by adoption we are the same
in hearts and will so remain. If the
laws have granted-to us the honorable
title of Citizens we wish that title
should be respected and that the au-
thorities established by the constituiion
of the state shall govern" us. We are
farmers and not soldiers and therefore
desire that the military Commandants
shnllnot intefere with us at all. Since
1830 we have been pretty mutch gov.
erned militarily and in so despotic a
manner that we were finally driven to
arms to restrain within their limits the
military suballcrs of the general Gov-
ernment. We have not insulted the flag
of our adopted country as has been
falsely stated by our enemies but on
the contrary we have defended and sus-
tained its true dignity & attacked those
who have outraged it by using it as a
pretext for their encroachments "upon
the constitution and sovereignty of the
State of Coahucla and Texas and as a
cover for their baseness and personal
crimes- The Commandant of fort Velas-
co acted under the orders of the com-
mandant of Anahuac Col Juan Davis
Bradburn who was his superior. An in
vestigation of the conduct of this officer
atAnahuac; will inform you fully of the
details of many despotic and arbitrary
'acts. He refused to respect the author
ities or the constitution of the state of
CoahucIa& Texas or to adhere to the
plan of Vera Cruz which we had a-
doptcd. He was sustained by the com-
mandant of Nacogdoches Col. Piedras
and by that of fort Velasco Lieut.
Col. LTgarlecha and consequently we
were compelled to oppose them all.
Col. Ugartecha was invited by a com-
mittee appointed for that purpose to es-
pouse the plan of Vera Cruz. He
refused to do so and we attacked fori
Velasco on the 27th of last month with
112 farmers hastily collected without
discipline and badly armed. Aud after
an obstinate and bloody engagement of
llhours it capitulated on the terms ex-
pressed in the enclosed copy of the cap-
itulation every article of which has
been strictly complied with on our part
besides furnishing him with the provis-
ions lie needed for his troops. I here-
with furnish yon a return of the killed
and wounded on both sides as nearly
as can be ascertained.
This Sir istwhat has passed. I hope
it will he sufficient to convince you
that these inhabitants have not man
ifested any other desire or inten
tion than to unite with General Santa
Ana to procure the establishment of
of peace in the Republic under the
shield of the Constitution and Laws
and that the Sovereignty of the States
shall be respected.
It is a matter of pride and congratu-
lation to me that you have come to
this place to sec with yonr own eyes
the rectitude of our sentimsnts and
that it has afforded us the opportunity
of presenting to you our respects and
the assurances of our hearty co-operation
in the great and glorious cause
which is so nobly advocated by our distin-
guished Commander-in-Chief Gcnc-
rnl Santa Ana. God and Liberty-
Brazoria July 18 1S32.-
To Citizen Col. Jose Ant. Mexia.
Col. Ant. Mexia Sir Conformably
to your request that a report should be
made you of the number of men killed
and wounded in the attack upon Fort
Velasco and the wounded left with us
by the commandant of that post Col
Ugartechia together with an account of
the provisious furnished him and a re-
turn of the arms and munitions taken
with the fort we hand you separate
reports and returns of the same.
We have it not in our power to give
you auy light upon the request that "o
report of those killed in the fort should
be annexed" but refer you to the min
utes of Col. Ugartechia on that subject.
With consideration dec.
John Austin Commandant.
Return of arm and amunition taken
at Fort Velasco 26 June 1832.
55 Stand of arms in bad erder. wan.
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tinr Inr.ka. havnnpls b.n.
1 Brass Cannon 8 pounder vv
1 Small IronSwivle ri&
30 Cartridges for the cannon
45 do. for the swivle
2000 do. formus&ets
40 Cartouch boxes
2 Brass blundcr-bussses.
Return of the wounded from FortJTe.
lasco left in our care by the commandant
Lt. Col. Ugartecha.
2 Sargeants ) under mcdicaltreat.
5 Privates $ ment.
1 since dead.
Return ofcthe killed and wounded on
the part of the citizeis pronociadoe in
a ... . .
favor of the plans of General Santa An.
an tn the attack upion rort Velasco.
7 men killed
6 badl wounded under medical aid
11 slightly wouuded'.
An agreement which by or-
der of Lieut. Col. Dominic
Ugartechea the two officers
commissioned by said chief
form with the Division of the
Colonists who declare in favor
of the plan formed by the Gar-
rison of Vera Cruz which du
plicate Mess. W. J. Russel &
W. H. Wharton signed on the
pari of the Colonists under the
following articles. -
1st. The Garrison will be
permitted to march out with all
the honors of War that is to
say with their baggage? arms
and ten rounds of ammunition.
2d. There shall be a vessel
made ready for their embarka-
tion to Matamoras theypaying
io the Capt. of the same 600
Dollars for the voyage.
3d. If the Collector Don
Francisco Duclor should wish
wish to embark he may do so
the Sargt. Ignatus Lopez and
two soldiers who remain with
the former shall be suffered to
come and incoporatc them-
selves. 4th. All the wounded milita
ry of the garrison who can
march shall carry arms and
those who cannot must remain
to be cured; receive good treat-
mentand hospitality being sup
plied with food which will be
satisfied by the nation.
5th. The 600 Dollars which
the Capt. of the Vessel is to re
ceive shall be free of all duties
and the troops shall be disem-
barked outside the bar of the
Brazos of Santiago.
6th. Lieut. Col. Citizen Do-
minic Ugartechea the two offi-
cers who sign and the En-
sign Don Emanuel Pintardo
remain by this treaty"obliged
not to return to take arms; -a?
gainst the expressed'plan above
cited formed under the orders
of Genl. Antonio Lopez de
Santa Ana and by the garrison
of Vera Cruz.
7th. This day at 110'clock
in the morning will be ready
the Schr. Brazoria in which
the garrison of the Fort is to
embark but if previous to her
going to sea the Schr. Eliza-
beth should arrive at this poin
the garrison shall be put oi
board thejattorv "" a
8th. The Caimdn of 8. an
I the Swivel Gun shall remain oi
Fort Velasto with all the pub
?V "a; iT
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lic-stores superaumerary guns
J9th. All sorts of provisions
after the garrison shall have ta.
ken what may be necessary for
its march are to remain in the
Fort at the disposal of the ow-
ners giving the corresponding
promisory notes that their pay
may be satisfactorily made to
the Capt. of the transporting
vessel who shall carry the pow-
er of the owners for the reco-
very of their import.
Camp at the mouth of the
river Brazos June 29th. 1832.
Jose Maria Rincon.
W. H. Wharton.
W. J. Russell.
I approve of the above agree-
ment of peace and will observe
Domingo de Ugartechea.
I approve of the above agree-
ment of peace and will observe
roceedings of a public meeting.
At a large and respectable meeting o
he Citizens of the Precinct of Victoria
convened according to public notice
on the 16th of July they unanimously
Ro-resolved to succeed or perish in the1
cause of the Costituti l and S.vtaaxxa.
or in other words the plan of Vera-
Cruz. The meeting then proceeded to clec
a committee of Vigilance for the promo
tion of their cause Whan the follow
ing gentlemen were elected.
W. D. C. H.4LL.
W. H. WHARTON.
J. P. CALDWELL.
P. D. McNEEL.
Wh subsequently elected Chas. I).
Stewart their Secretary.
f)a the night of the sanie day tho
Committee learning the arrival of Col.
Mcia a friend and Officer of Genl.
with a fleet of 5 vessels accompanied
hy Col. Austin bringing us the joyful
intelligence of the continued success of
our cause and of the surrender of Mat-
amoras. Appointed a deputation to wait on
and invite him to Brazoria. He ac-
ceded and arrived in town on Tuesday
evening July 17th in company with
On their arrival on the east bank of
the Brazos they were saluted with the
firing of 3 canon and after partaking
of some refreshments at Major Brig-
hams crossed the river at the bank of
which thev were received by the com
mittee and by two of the signers of the
Turtle bayou resolutions who Were pre-
sent (Capt. Wiley Martin and Luke
Lessasier) conducted to a pavillion
erected forth purpose and saluted by
one cun"when W. H. Wharton read
the. following address.
Colonel Mexia. As a member of a
Committee appointed by the inhabitants
of the Precinct of Victoria to congratu-
late your arrival I tender you in the
nameof thosl represent a cordial and
heartfelt welcome amongst us- We view
vou as a fellow straggler in the same
Held with ourselves and as the har-
binger of the happy intelligence that
he cause of the Constitution Wd San-
a-Ana or in-other wordsjftheTcause of
truth and justice and liberty has tri-
umphed mos'H signally and gloriously.
V ohail the day ot your arrival among!
us in the sacred cause you camet
ocate as the brightest one that
hone on the prospects ofTexas
'one croanedand languished nnd
khering influence of thooJtojw
a murraer; not that we'didnqt.perceive
its ruinous effectiyipon u'sj but that sit-
uated as woVefe we feared nflnV'ht
tgjTSfrf 'fcrc .- .'
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evens y '
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seem indelicuic and uiciuionai in -. lO
take the lead in opposition to the arbi.r
ry measures of the late tramplcrs on the
Constitution: when however the highly
distinguished Genl. Santa-Ana arose as
the hero and vindicator of liberty and
:Iie Constitution wo felt as if a bright-
er and happier era had dawned upon
our prospects and as if we were then
justified & inHeed in duty to ourselves
called upon to go heart and hand with
him in his righteous cause. We did go
with him & not 24 hours have elapsed
since in numerous and public meeting
we re-resolved Jo succeed or perish with
him. We declared for his cause sir
when it was in doubt aud now that it is
triumphant we give you the most sol-
emn pledges that in putting down the
present violators of the Constitution &
bringing the Government back U a
strictly legitimate mode of proccednrc
Genl. Santa-Anna shall have oar war-
mest support and our most zealous ca-
opefetion. In conclusion sir I rc-;cn-
der you a warmsincere and unanimous
welcome. And to vou Co!. Aus.isj
am likewise instructed to offer our co!
Jial congratulation on your safe retu
unongst us. In the arduous scenes in
vhich"Maj have lalolr acted wa all
-ishcd for your counsel and co-opsnu
ion we were deprived of this but we
itillare gratified that wc arc once more
ogcthcr at so propitious a period asra
he present. . .. "$
To which Col.JIexia made ths follow
hig reply. f .
Gentlemen. It is most gratifying
to me to see yotir.dcvotion to the Mcxi-.
:anconfederation to the Constitution
and to his excellency Gbxl. Lorsz dh
Saxta-ana. MejiviiQre govern-
ed hy their principles' cannot be called
enemies of mine forbefng..mVs2lfinfiii-
enccd by the same I should'thi an injus
ncedid I not believe that was amongit
iVionds and brothers whornIsought to
inpreciate. We are all actuate lhy.
:ie same common sympathies springv
i.ig from the uniformity of our soati.""
The principles defendedby you arc
he same which we hive proclaimed in.
Vera Cruz and Tampico Federation-
Laws aud a Liberal li'iistryjwho will
respect tho general Constitution and
he sovereignty of the states.Chis jg
Ihe basis of the plfh of Gexia'staV
vxxa mat in tuturc the law anil'
not individual canrice shall irni-prn.1
j - ----.
3sta-anxa asks nothing for himself;
but all for his country. "
He has alwaj's sustained the cause
of the people and the nation -will see
him return to private life the moment
Government is legalized and the Con-
stitution restored to its full vigor so
that the Citizens may enjoy the bless-
ings of the system they have adopted.
When Col. Austin rose and remarked
I return mv sincere thanks for your
kind and cordial welcome. Nothing
could have been more gratifying to me
than to have participated with you-m
the arduous scenes in which you have-
lately acted and to have contributed
my feeble aid in the caii3e you have soA
noblv bravely advocated.
During my absence! have never for
one moment lost sight of the interests
of my constituents in Texas and h;ure
tect them wamhxircumstances and .tKeS
situations Iihaye been placed in would .
permit. I will continuertfcsdo the same
and my felloScitizejis-eiQtliis Colony
canjgBMinand iuvJeehticferviccs now
anAait all tiiiK.vhen they .deTmi them
AryWhichirfiiSher salute ot 21
guns aKily'frqjR one of the com.
panics who wcreiknhe action at Fort
Velasco were firedwhen the Colonels
were cscortd to the residence of John
Austin Esq. 2nd Alcalde by a numer
' ot our citizens who on retur-
own manifested their joyful
illuminations don fires firms
m $r all the night.
Mexia having expressed a de. '
tEJv. rj. - -a
sire to have pur motives and actions
explained to him that he might make-
due representations to his Chiefs The.
Citizens convened for that purposeoaf-
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Texas Gazette and Brazoria Commercial Advertiser. (Brazoria, Tex.), Vol. 1, Ed. 1, Monday, July 23, 1832, newspaper, July 23, 1832; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80449/m1/1/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.