The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, August 20, 1842 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NORTHERN STANDARD.
CHAS. OE MORSE
LONG SHALL OUIt BANNER BRAVE THE BREEZE THE STANDARD OF THE FREE.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY C.QE MORSE.
The Northern St txmnn a published every Saturday
at fire dollars per annum in advance " -
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AGENTS FOR THE STANDARD.
T?AYtJj. Wmmit. r. M . Pine Cut It.
Svmcel M. Fulton- P. M Franklin Lunar Co.'
William Browx Taris UnurCo.
CuiEonsr. Cntsi'M Paris Ulnar Co.
Jcs-iS SlIKLToN P. M. Fort Sheliou Lunar Co.
J. A. Caldwf.li. Warren Fannin Co.
Biii.ev Ekousii P. M Fort English Fannin Co.
D. Rowlett. Lcinston Fannin Co.
J. G. Jouett P."M.Ra'eij;'i Fannin Co.
J. W Willums De Kalb lioivic Co.
Gen. E. II. Tarhist Bowie Co.
Hon. Jesse Grimes Montgomery Co.
A. Stebke P.Jl Nacogdoches.
John P. Bordkk P. JtL San Aiigustirlc.
C. K. Andrews Harrison Co.
Col. Jotr.3 Love Galveston.
Jami.s B. Siuw Esq. Houston.
Col. G. T. Wooo Liberty.
Jokk W. HikrisOv La Grange.
B. M. Johnson Washington.
Sim'l B. Buiciiam Matagorda.
IIloeut. Literary Depot Lonisvillc Ivv.
MoRntN & Co. Literary Depot Nctv Orlean-.
S. AUrsii. P.M . Fulton Ark.
Ch miles Hoon Esq. Washington Art.
'uekiy fc 1 annmiiix ISnshvillc lenn.
Col. D. P. Armstkovu Knoxvillc Tenn.
I.. S. Hocgiito.v Vicksbnrg Miss.
Lorenzo Dr.nso P. M Park Hill Cherokee Na-
tion. Jmks Harrison-. Esq SL Lou: 'Missouri.
Cityof Houston June 27 1842.
Gentlemen of the Sfiurtc
and of I fie House of Representatives:
Events have transpired since your adjournment
which in (he opinion of the Executive demand the
action of Gonrjress in extraordinary session. The
termination of your last session left the Executive sur-
rounded with numerous and insuperable difficulties
to which circumstances since arising have superad-
cd causes of embarrassment requirm?: thccxerciscof
ail the wisdom energy and patriotism which the na-
tion can command The necessary niJs were solicited
lo meet tiiti riucft;i;n5.-s ninir.airrai.rsn.kCn-pkiuiJ
and which were anticipated by the Executive; but the
honorable Congress did not accord in his suggestions.
an I the precautionaiy measures requisite were not
A demonstration by Mexico on our frontier has ta
lis place; and a marauding pally under the most im
posing aspect has pmetraud our territory as far as
S in Antonio. A violent excitement and commotion
throughout the country were the consequence; and
our brave citizens of the fron'ier. without order rerru-
larity or discipline rushed to the supposed scene oft
action. Un their arrival hou ever at the point of ex-
pected conflict they found that the enemy had retrea-
ted with great precipitation. No organization of the
men took place; nor was any rcgo't made to the Ex-
ecutive or Department of War of their numbers or
conlition. Utimor however at last induced the be-
lief that there was an assemblage of citizens at Bexar
w-o were ready to rush with imoetuosity across
the Rio Grand'. Acting under this impression
the "Executive directed the organization of the men
and the prosecution oa campaign if it could be com-
rCiiceii withany prospect of success. But for vari-
ous reasons this was not done. No organization al-
though" attempted could be acrompliseed. Difficul-
ties a roc among themselves as to who should lead
them; and in the end they found themselves on exam-
ination totally unprepared fora campaign inasmuch
as they had left their homes upon a momentary sum-
mons and were destitute of the means foi efficient and
protracted service. The rcsu.lt was they returnedto
their homes and the orders of the Government were
Before the excitement incident lo this incursion had
subsided in the community the pompous declaration
oftlie self-created potenta'e .of Mexico had reached
our snores denouncing the subjugation of Texas and
lavishing upon its government and people unmcasu-
redmbuse.' Disregarding alMhe pledges which he
had voluntarily made of a friendly disposition towards
ffierecogniiion .and establishment of our rights he
evinces'' upon the assumption of power the moit ma-
lignant hostility towards our country (nnd.ho!ds out
ttie'ldea ofimracdiatc invasjon and'molestalion."
lsnotfor uslo act ubon the supposition that his
declaration deliberately made by hinVw hile in su-
preme authority was intended mcrelyjo give him a
temporary popularity at home and furnish' a pretext
' lor levyipgeontiibutions and maintaining a- large
standing army for the purpose of establishing Him-
self permanently in the possession of usurped power
nod securing-th m pans of oppressing. His country -feen
or that it-was designed only taefflbaxriss ourin-
tercourse and relations "with otberxoufitrics and if
Possible m that wav retard the nroMentv-ofr Texas.
But we are to regard with peculiar 'vigilance andjU;
"tention our internal safety and; veil-being as wells?
-qur foreign relations arid sccife ourselves in season
agaHsteviyiitingcncywhichmight arise fiom ibis
threats.! Oiit past atflWseifpositian towards Ittex-
icojire matters J$ich cannot be vleivcdwhn bdifler;
cied or co titetpplafrxl with apathy; r -IT '"""'.
11 USiuiui lite WMCl VI mr. iiuiiui. ( S inaWKU'
StobS&shkr bwttWid'.are still Jiablle'to continual an-
J-V- njrr rpaiTOcnsw.'SWoiormiyeinvasivn.it
Vs5?'Sa bwTtfiemfleajiBCc lfJ36Wr dol believe
our frontier. I esteem it therefore the hijjh and im-
perious duty of those to whom the government of the
.country is-confidcdk adopt such n course of policy
is will effectually counteract the designs of Mexico.
The question thus arises arc wc capable with the re-
sources at our command of preventing these evils; and
jf so shall those resources be employed for that object
From the circumstances which have transpired the
Executive was induced to believe that it was now.
quite timcto adopt and puisuc such a course of policy
as will secure to us peace and the recognition of our
independence. Under t lie conviction that immediate
invasion was meditated he felt himself fully authoriz-
ed under existing laws to invito emigrants from the
United States with a view of giving protection to our
advanced settlements; and so fitras he had power and
even beyond the means afforded him by the govern
incnt he has proceeded in the organization of thcmili-
tia so as to place them in the best possible condition
to prosecute a war. should the honorable Congress
deem st necessary or expedient to adopt such a course.
Atan cary dayit is expected that the proper Depart-
ment will be prepared to report the condition of the
Emigration to some extent has been the conse
quence of the invitation of the executive: and thus far
the cm;grar.ts have been sustained almost entirely by
private contributions. That they can be any longer
supported without the action ef "the government can
not be expected No matter how great the fcelinjof
patriotism maybe nor how strong theconviction on
the frontier of the necessity for ofTtnsi'Taclionngainst
Mexico individuals cannot sustain a war which pro-
perly belongs to the whole nation. The prompt at-
tention of Congress is therefore invited to tnis subject.
The time between the 20th and 28th of July has been
designated for the general rendezvous of emigrants
upon the frontier; and if Congress should think pro-
perto decide that invasion should not take place it is
important that thef.ict should be immediately known
If on the other hand war should be determined on it
is indispcnsablcthat co-operation should immediately
take place bitucen the emigrants and the militia of
the country in its prosecution.
Thccitiztn who resides upon the frontier of the
South-west subject to continual alarms and he who
a located in conscious security upon the banks ol the
Sabine constitute each an integral part ofthe national
community and under the law the protection of them
as wellasall our citizens mine rightsol nlcaiiapro
perly should be the object as it is theduty of the gov
eminent. Unless continued and permanent protec
tion is given toour frontier inhabitantsour settlements
must recede from point to point which will not only-
contract our limits but have a tendency to create dis
content and distrust in our capacity for self govern
ment. The infelicity arising from such a state of
things must arrest our prosperity and linally prove
.disastrous to the country.
Wexo yjtorctaliatRupqn the cnemyby aggres-
sive warfare we could af least "imprcs's'th'em with the
calamities which have thus far been incident to us a-
lonc and create in them a desiic for that peace which
would be mutually advantageous to both parties. Can
this be done without invasion on our part?
To enable ns to adopt this course the positive ac
tion of Congress is necessary. It rests w ilh them to
By the constitution the power to call out the militia
is given cxcIusivQiy to the Congress; and howevci
rrrpnt ihp nprncftitt. fnr rnllinrr llinm nut inirrh? Kr Hrnm.
. --- S WW. .J .W. .......w ........ Ul.. ....t.. WW . w...
eaoyinc .executive nc wouiu oniy leei atitnoriseuto
do so in case of actual invasion or insurrection.
Not havinrr heretofore been an advocate for offen
sive measures the Executive has looked with pecul-
iar interest and solicitude to the subject owing to our
lcceiitantl present condition. If we could possibly
anticipate the establishment of amicable relations with
Mexico from the meditation olany pover mutually
fricndl y the urgency of action on the part o'f this gov-
ernment would be diminished and wc might hope
to arrest cvus wnicntne conduct ot iticxico seems to
enforce upon us. Our citizensshould cultivatctheir
farms in peace and grow rich by industr- while the
emigration of foreign capitalists lo the country would
add to the national wealth and incieasc our store of i
intelligence and enlcrprize. But from the mauner
in which offers of mediation have been received and
treated by General Santa Anna the Executive is
confidently assured upon the highest authority that
Texas can expect nothing from that desire. Being-
advertised of thisact then we must assume an atti-
tude that will protect us from future inconvenience
Should. the honorable Congress howevcrdcemit
unwise or impracticable to invadc.Moxico and think
proper" to place at the disposition ofthe Executive an
amount comparatively trifling with power to estab
lish such regulations as:hemay think proper he will
be enabled to maintain such aTorce on thesouth-west-ern
frontier as will secureTt from alarm and danger
unless produce-dby a regular and formidable invasion.
The honorable Congress at the last session though
rr-pectfully'tailledon by the Executive refused to in
dicatc any wish' or opinion in relation to the naval
arm or our defence; although at tha time it was en-
gaged jn foreign "service unauthorized by law and
uiicxninplcdja tne history of any other country mid
thus was thrown upon the Executive the rcsponsibil.
hy'of kcepiDgjCcmploycd without adequate pro vis
ton or appropriations toTnect tiro jecesjitica.oLlte
service of continuinglu'ltie situation in which it
then was orwken iu.commander'niightthink pro
per to returo; otcausing it tolw laidttp in primary
withont.mearui for its preservatibn"fromJ'ruin. The
contract. howeverVuMer which it was absent at
Ie3gthexpire3 aBdit leturnedar a crisis when it
was deemed" advisable by the .Executive to Jiave it:
without ejiense.to.tEe governrntnt refitted and con-
linoeln'Briitft orieralionr It is expecfed'that in a
Tow days' the jirincipal part of the sejuadron will be
onlhccutf prepared for active and efficient service.
w tfv .- a F hAWJtMHlla Crjm nff ir-
min she has.been'placed in charge of an individual
im'? t!? -TJ"".. i; MniTAnnin tif.r feiwi Aftrvice. nnd
in nnier lo nreserve ouo ui urc -- ;win uuu
boid-Vetia'asituaiion advantageous lo the country.
Thoteam ship Zavala' though reputed one or the
i.... .-i".Tr h?r elass in the American waters for
.u ..fTnairsand thcmeans ol preservation is
now stTnic"; but in such n situationrthal if the Congress
dejiieltandsheis rlactsl at the disposition of the
Executive with the necessary means she can be re
pircd and rendered highly useful to the Govern
I need not urge the high importance of this branch
of the public seniec and the necessity of maintain
ing italall hazards ma stale of efficiency. We arc
apprised that all the capacities and emergencies of
our enemy arc directed to the attainment of naval su-
periority over us upon the gulf; and unless we ate in
a situation to successfully compete with them our
commerce will be ruined and many calamities visited
upon us. If our sea coast is without this mcansofde-
fence wc sh.ill be in the most vulsicrnblc condition
for attack and we may cxncctthc infliction of u-nnnrl
-from which wc could not readily recover. This sub
ject and that of our military condition in connection
with the report of the honorable the Secretary of
War and marine; arc respccllully submitted for the
examination and action of Congress.
T his crisis demands the emplovncnt of nil the wis-
dom energy and resources of the nation. To "Sc
efficiency to whatever course your honorable body
may determine to be necessary in relation to our ene
my there must be a requisition made upon all our
means and their application must be regulated bydis-
crction and the most systematic and rigid rules: oth-
erwise every effort made by us will prove abortive
and sink us but yet deeper into misfortunes. At this
lime ol great prostration in the financial concerns of
the world we in common with every other people
experience a portion ofthc general inconvenience.
The plan presented to the last session of Congress
in relation to the revenues of the country was not ad-
opted. It was recommended that thedirect tax as then
existing be reduced but one half; but instead of that
it wasabolishcd or whatamounts to the same thing
reduced so low as not to compensate for its collection.
The currency therefore created at that session was
left to relyalone upon the duties arising from impor-
tations; and consequently the demand for our issues
has been conhncd to thai channel ofthe revenue. AI-
though but a fraction more than one third of the a-
iiioum uuuiuii.tuiu ui- ifsueu uas ocen nut incircuia-
l?n: i'ctj rom a n'au ' confidence in the guarantee
j given for its redemption our Exchequer paper hnsfrc -
quently b-en at a discount of fifty per centum. At
'east one nan oi me revenue aiso to winen the i iov-
uiumeiu 15 uiuiul'u irum impost unties uas not iicrn
and will not be collccUd. iinbts power .s giwn
tothc Executive or the I lead of the Finance. Depart-
ment to declare and establish such ports nf entry on
the Bed Hirer and the Sabine as may be deemed iie -
csssary to prcrent smuggling and the illicit introduc-
tion of goods into the country.
1 he Ciovcrhmcnt cannot exist without a revenue.
lis onicers ami agents must oc supported i nc pit-
ance at present offered them is utterly insufficient for
that purpose; ard some of the most active and efficient
officers have retired and others have notified the Ex-
ecutive of their determination to do so. They arc
f totally unaUe frcrs.ihcir.sslnricsjo nhtiin the. indis
pensable necessaries of life. Without necessary and
competent olhccrs no government can be properly
administered. The Executive has found his labors
more than two fold greater since the commencement
of his present official term than they were during the
entire period of his last administration a period of
more than two years when he had lo organize a go
vernment out of chaos and give it direction. The
means placed in his hands at this time for the conduct
of the government does not exceed one sixth of the
amount annually allowed to his predecessor for the
administration ol the civildepartmcnt
The depreciation of our funds and the embarrass'
ment of our currency have arisen from various caus
es; among which aic the repeal in effect ofdircct
taxation thereby culling ofi an important branch of
revenue the want of power to enforce the collcrtion
of impost duties and the establishment ofthe warehou
sing system. To these may be added the failure of
the recommendation made lathe last session of L-on
gress involving as was conceived matter ofthc high
est consideration in the establishment of a currency:
I mean the hypothecation or disposition of a portion of
the Cherokee conntry as a guaranteefor the ultimate
redemption and present absorption ofthc Exchequer
Had the Executive been authorized to have had
surveyed and brought into market two hundred thou-
sand acres of those lands under such regulations as
he might have deemed advisable fixing the mini-
mum price attwo dollars per acre the entire amount
of Exchequer bills would long since have been with-
drnwnfrom circulationand a Iargeamount of gold and
silver introduced into the country as a circulating me
dium whilstthc impost duties would have been paid
in specie. This too could have been done without
incurring any expense lo the government The cost
of bringing into market and disposing of the lands
could have been defrayed without requiring the ad
vance otany means forthot nurpooo.
To 'these causes the present condi'ion of our cur-
rency in the opinion ofthe Executive may be main-
ly ascribed: and he would most earnestly recommend
them to the scrutiny and consideration ofthc honora
ble Congress believing as he does that the existence
ofthc Government depends on the policy and princi
ples he has laid down.
Without resources no civilized nation was ever
known to exist and that wc have ample resources to
sustain ourselves no one who.will refiecta moment
can doubt. The extent of'public domain owned by
Texas and yet unappropriated cannot amount to less
than one hundred and fifty millions of acres resour-
ces in proportion to our population unparallclled by
any other country: but yet they lie neglected and pro-
fitless. Since the present administration commenced con
tracts for colonizintr a small portion .pfour vacant ter
ritory have been made on terms allocctrierL morc'nd-
vantagcous lo "the government than any previously
entered into ism mese contracts can prove olspo im
mediate avail to our finances.
' If the Executive'
there is imie uouu-iiuacnt mi
with great advanlagcTo the prcsentnn?
condition ofche currency. The policyofhusKTnd
ing meansior me nse-oi posterity cannoubctiuslibj
in the pieaont emergency of our afFaiis. IJKVtvfl
eiiahled 'o If ve them m the enjoyment of nvkp nd
- 1 ence and free from pecuniary involvement it is all
- that we should desire
Even supposing our national debt to cxcceeTtwelvc
millions of dollars our means arc more than suffi-
cent to pay the whole; and in a state of peace our im
portant amies alone would be adequate io acfray all
the necessary cxpenccs of the government without
the necessity of resorting to oppressive taxation. Our
vacant lands can be applied to the liquidationof every
farthing of our liabilities and a large portion still re-
A matter ofthc liveliest interest to the count! v is the
regular transportation ofthc mails; but for the want of
appropriations by the last Congress their transporta
tion inrougiioui the country entirely ceased. Com-
munication between different sections and the circula-
tion of intelligence have been wholly obstructed. On
account of this state of things the Executive Uas felt
himself greatly embarrassed in dissftminating as-well
as receiving correct and speedy information; for he
hail not one dollar at his disposition for the employ
incnt of exprrsscs even under the most urgent cir
cumstance.3. During the late excitement rumor was
generally the basis of impressions and action which
ns was expected not tinfrrqtiently produced unpleas
ant cons.qticnos inthe community.
Owing to the suspension of the mails the laws and
journals ofthc last session of Congress have noibcen
itributiil; and it may be remarked that for some
cause uuUnown to the executive an important portion
ofthc publir printing has not yet been executed.
In the recent advanced the Mexicans upon Bexar
apprehension for the safety of the Government arch-
ives at the city of Austin was so great that all busi-
ness in the public offices was suspended and those in
charge of them deemed it n matte of prudence and se-
curity to secrete the public records in the earth; so
ihaliTlhc enemy should advance upon and sack the
place they might not be so liable to destruction
Under these circumstances and as soon asthc Ex-
ecutive was apprised of the condition ofthc frontier
and of the apprehensions entertained by the inhabi
tanls. he immediate v directed l hoarc hues.
i other public property as was portable to be removed
j to this place Although the emergency would have
.justified the step without any express authority under
the constitution or lau. yrt in tins case he was not
driven to the assumption of that responsibility. He
actid in strict accordance with his powers and dutv
.under the constitution. lie is also fully sntishVd of
the policy as well r
as nccissuyoi the location ol the
nt within the K public whcic the
.functions ofthe Oovcrnmcnt can be moreellicicntly
hxercisid than they rould beat a point ns remote from
; the sea board and as much detached from the body of
settlements and the mass of population as the city of
Austin bliould any occasion arise lor the concen-
tration ofall thce(feciic fnico ofthc cotmtryat some
particular point on the frontier the fact ofthe location
of the Scat of Government at a point so much exposed
wo'ijd necessarily .-wofrconsidernble strength from
active and perhaps more valuable service in another
quarter to guard the archives against either Mexican
or Indian enemies. This embarrassment would be
obviated by its location at some interior situation
where it would be secure from danger and alarm ac-
cessibleto intelligence and convenient for its dissem-
ina'ion throughout the country. During the last year
the expense to the Government lor transportation to
the cityof Austin over and above what it would have
been to any point on the sea-board exceeded seventy
thousand dollars; and the extra cost of the transpor-
tation ofthc mail aside from all other expense and in-
convenience attending its remote and detached situa-
tion amounts to many thousands more.
If wcare to remain in our present unsettled condi
tion it is ofthe utmost importance that the Seat of Go-
vernment be established at some point convenient for
speedy and efficient transaction of the public business.
From the insecurity ofthe public records the Ex-
ecutive was induced to the adoption of the course
which he has pursued: and it being in accordance
with the dictates of the constitution and his own judg
ment he sees no reason to revoke ins decision or
yield to the illegal resistance which has been offered
to the execution of his orders by an association vho
constituted themselves a committcec to contravene
and obstruct the performance of his constitutional duty-
Unfortunately for thn peace and welfare ofthc com-
munity no law has yet been passed defining the of-
fence of insurrection. In view therefore ofthe con
dition of things as they have existed and to some ex-
tent still exist it is hoped the attention of Congress will
be directed to th's subject Whilst persons arc per
mitted to resist the laws in existence and to act with
mnunity in open defiance of them obstructing the
civil functionaries of the Government in the discharge
of their legal and constitutional duties the rights of
individuals must be sacrificed their fives and their
personsjendcrcd insecure and anarchy triumph over
order The Congiess has the power ol remedying
these evils by the enactment of necessary and salutary
laws the omission to do which cannot have any other
effect than to license and increase evils already exist
ing to an alarming extent.
It is to be hoped that under no circumstances what
ever will the courts of justice be suspended in the ex
ercise of their appropriate jurisdiction; but that they
will maintain their influence by holding tneir regu-
lar sessions and beincat all times prepared to punish
those who may violate the lairs. In the opinion of
the Executive nothing is better calculated to strength-
en he social and political bands which should unite
the members of a community one witbr another than
the maintenance of an able honest and independent
judiciary. If the Congress resolve upon the prose
cution ol active war.u migm do wen wncro inuivia-
uals were actually engaged in the service to suspend
civil process as to them so long as they arc absent
in the discharge of jublic or official dutybot nolon
In thus discharging the duty -which this occasion
has dcvolvcd.uoon me I hava submitted for your
consideration what'Lcooceived ofthehigbestintercst
to the Republic; and in theptflMoaioafTOUr labors
mi have mv earnest desires' ihaVthev wiTf be conduc
ted by intelligence and" influenced by wisdom to the
uinrren1. of such objects as will atrordjoy to evcty
mot an 1 udound with eminent advanfa'gestoour
Ofthe President ofthe Republic of Texas to the bill
"authorizing offensive war againsi Mexico and
for other purposes."
A BILL to be. entitled An Act to authorize offensive;
war against Mexico and for other purposes.
Whekkas an amicable adjustment ofthe difficulties
existing between this Republic and Mexico cither
through ncgociation or the mediation of any friend-
ly power has became utterly hopeless; and where-
as she not only refuses to acknowledge our
Independence which wc have shown to the
world we arc capable of mantaining but has re-
commenced active hostilities by narrassing & plun-
dering our frontiers; and whereas also she detains
in a slavish captivity our fellow-citizens ofthe late
Santa Fe expedition contrary to the rules of war-
far as recognized by civilized nations it becomes-
the policy an-t duty of Texas to prosecute a vigor-
ous and offensive war 35-.1 that Government
until our great National objects shall - Ua
Skction 1. Be it enacted by the Senate ami
Howe of Representative ofltie Rejmllie of Texas
in Congress assembled That the President be and
he is hcrby authorized and required to call for and ac-
cept the services of volunteers to form an army for
the prosecution of offensive war against Mexico for
the purpose of obtaining recognition ofthe national
independence of the Republic and that ha direct the
commencement of operations at snch limeand in such-
manner as he in his judgement may deem compati-
ble with the public interest
Sec2. Be i. further enacted That should thenum-
bcr of volunteers whose services may be enlisted uu-
der the authority given in the first section of this act
be not sufficient to constitute anarmy for effective op-
erations that the President be and he is hereby au-
thorized and required to order out the Militia of the
Republic by drait upon the several counties thereof
a number not to exceed for offensive opeTations 0110
third ofthc whole population capable of bearing a ryis
including those who may have volunteered. rcaTiccl'
bring had to the number of volunteers furnished by
each county as a portion ofthc quota to be furnished
by such county in case a draft may became necessary.
Sec. 3. Be It further enacted That volunteers
shall not bcacceptcd unless in organized companies of
fifty six men rank and file for infantry and sixty for
cavclry in accordance with the lows nowiuforcc in
this Republic anil the PrcsidcntSam Houston be and
he is hercbyautliorizcd to take command ofthe army
in person raised under the provisions of this act.
Sec. -1 Be it further enactedThat in case of an in-
vasion of this Republic by Mexico he be and is hereby
authorized to order out so much ofthe Militia thereof
as he maj deem necessary to repel such invasion.
Sec. j. Be ilfiirthtr enacted. That the President"
be and he is hereby authorized to kfiep the Navy at
sea in active service aginst the enemy any law at
presort in lorce to tiieconi7iiry uom'itiljiUuJi'iiO.'
Sec. Bi it farther enacted. That the Presiden be-
and he is hereby authorized to appoint suitable agents
in the several counties ofthc Republic and elsewhere
to receive contributions of land money provisionsand
equipment necessary for the posccutionof an offensive
war to be applied exclusively to thai purpose. and an
account of his receipts and the application ofthe same
to be laid before Congress.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted that the President
be and is hereby authorized and required to employ
all the available resources ofthc Republic not other-
wise specially appropriated by law in the prosecu-
tion ofthc war authorized to be carried on by the
provisions of the act and that he be authorized'
and empowered to hypothecate or sell any orp-
tion of the public domain not exceeding ten mill-
ions of acres for the purpose cf raising funds for the
war upon such terms and in such manner as he in
his judgement may deem proper and that ho Teport
to Congress his action thereon.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted That each volun-
tccror dralcJ man who shill continue in service six
months shall be entitled to 6 10 acres of land. to be lo-
cated in such sections as Congress shall hereafter dc
Sec. 9. Beit further enacted That this act take
effect from and after its passage.
City of Houston July 22d 1842. y
To tht Honorable
The House of Representatives .-
The bill authorizing "offensive waragainst Mexi-
co and for other purposes" has been presentcd'tOlhe
Executive for his approval. He has Tendered to it
that consideration which tho importancTc of tKe mea-
sure as well as tho provisions contained in it de-
mand. In contemplating a war of invasion the Ex-
ecutive has at all limes been satisfied thai' to effect'-
any thing truly advantageous to tho country means-
would be necessary: and assurances froth various'
sources that they would be fumished in ab'undanc'e'
induced expectations as great as tne most incredulous
could have entertained. Such-measures as the Exec
utive was authorised to sanction with a view to the
expectations produced by assurances from' abrdatf
were cheerfully adopted. Men and means were ten-
dered to any extent and all seemed alive to thesub-
icct'of invasion. Enthusiasm was uriiYcrsar and
none were willing to halt or ponder calmly upon
situation. In various parts ofthc Republic the teeth
ing was so great that many were unwillingto await
the action of the Government but withoutcounuag
the'eost were anxious t adraace ugton. Mexico- ia
despite of the Executive of tnesanctiOW oSahy con-
stitutional" authority.- -
With a view warn ve'av'scfetBsibn satisfacto-
ry to tho country and olireb&iUoby with the facts
jhi$nwereJdaiiy evelbpiiigitie Honorable Con-
gires was convened to. give their; sflBhcritothe coarse
to be putsaed" anrffaise'tbe necrVHMns for the
prosecution or"ofifewe.6pera&ns; if such should bo
their decision. laTaxTwrW at the conclusion to in
rriariy crtbatrasare&c" Which to toy cosipre'M
.If Mexico is1 to. bo invaded it touakbeby 5?
i.iv'i : jJi ':. 1 lUZU.- fts
whole term of lervice. will not beless than o-
arid whose nwnben should -ftorte leaft-thaS"
- iriZ $-.
mj iBskSafiur rw-.
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, August 20, 1842, newspaper, August 20, 1842; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80452/m1/1/?rotate=90: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.