The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 3, 1842 Page: 1 of 4
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CHAS. DE MORSE
LONG SHALL OUIt BANNER BRAVE THF. BRECZE-THE STANDARD Or THE FREi:
EDITOR AMD PROPRIETOR.
CLA&KSVILLE SEPTEMBER 3 1842.
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AGENTS FOR THE 'STANDARD. '
Tea is (J. Wright P.M. Pine Creek.
Samcel M. Fulton- P. M. Franklin Lamar Co.
William Brown Paris Lamar Co.
John R- Craddock Pari-: Lamar Co.
J. W. C. Stan-field I. M. Harri-on Co.
Jesse Siielton P. M.f Fort Shclton Lamar Co.
J. A. Cai dwell Warren Fannin Co.
Bailey English P. M Fort Enslisn Fanrin Co.
D. Rowlett P. M. Lexington Fannin Co.
J. G. Jouett P. M. Raleiyh Fannin Co.
J. J Williams P. M. De Ka!b Bowie Co.
Gen. E. II. Tarrvnt Conic Co.
Hon. Jesse Grimes Montgomery Co.
A. Sterne P. M. Nacondoche.
Travis G. Brooks P. M San Augustine.
C K. Andrews Harrison Co.
Col. JtatES Love Galvt-aon.
jAV.rs B Shaw Esq Houston.
Col. G. T. Wood Liberty.
Jokv W. Harrisov La Grange.
B. jr. Johnson- Washington. t
Sam'l B Briguah Matagorda.
'!aldema. LiUrary Depot Louisville Kv.
Moscav fc Co.. Literary Depot New Ortans.
is Marsh P.M. Fulton Art.
t'mnLEs Uooo Eq. Washington Ark.
Bfrrv & Tavnehill Nashville Tenr.
Oil. D P Armstrong Knoxville Tean.
J E Movtcoiiert. Linnrille Giles Cocnty Tcnn
I S. II lUOiiTov Vrksburg Miss-
Lorevzo Dflino. P. M- Tark Hill Cherokee
Jutes UtRRi-ov. Esq. St. Louis Missonri.
! T Lccin. Dover Pope Co. Arkansas
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR
Dei artment or War and Mahine )
23d June 1S42.
To His Excellency Sam Housto.v.
President of the Republic of Texas.
Sin In accordance with your insti uctions dated
ltith December 1841 1 entered upon the duties per-
uuniugto this Department with the Bureaux attach-
ed on the 15th of the same month.
After an examination of tho Department proper
my attention wasdirrcted to the Ordnance Depart-
ment and 1 found but a remnant of what had been.
The expedition to Santa Fe had drawn largely up-
on our Ordnance stores "fall descriptions and the re-
quisitions w ere most liberatly complied with. This
together with tho issue of small arms accoutrements
etc. to the citizens diiriug the several alarms of the
approach of Indians upon Austin left but 395 musk-
ets 581 keg powder (of all kinds) and 837 pounds
y had remaining; an extract from the return of the
Captain of Ordnance for the last quarter (marked A)
I would respectfully request thespecial attention of
your Excellency to this Department; it is at all times
whether in peace or in war highly important; it is
the source from which we are assured of safety in
peace and next to a military chest the great sinew of
lsincerely hope that theday is not far distant when
t will be resuscitated on a more enlarged scale than
The two pieces of brass cannon remaining at Aus-
tin with the Twin Sisters ammunition for them and
the small arms with their appointments and ammuni-
tion have been ordered to San Felipe to be in readi
ness for transportation to any point that may be desig
nated m opening the meditated campaign. The car-
riages and train for these pieces will require some re-
pairs which could not be completed at Austin for
want of means ; harness has beer: ordered from New
I Oilcans; caissons portfires and other necessary ar-
" tides are deficient a list of which (marked B.) will
accompany this report; it will be found nearly the
same as that presented at the last meeting of the Hon-
A brass six-pounder (part of the park of Artillery
Tocently purchased in the United States.) was sent to
Bexar during the late alarm; this with another of
the same calibre which had been at that place tor
sometime were removed thence to Gonzales at the
tine of evacuation where they now remain.
The captoin of Ordnance accompanies the Artille
ry ana stores Irora Austin the Armorer remains in
charge of the other public property at the Arsenal.
The volunteers from the United States now mus-
jered into service amount to 473 rank and file 253
pf whom are stationed near Corpus Christi and have
recently been orderded to-Lipantitlan an old milita
ry post which can be easily defended and where there
is abundance of excellent water and grass for the cat-
.lie tnc remamuer. amounting to xzu ranK ananie
are now on their passage from Galveston to join
I them. Col. Washington is expected in about two
weeks in the steam boat Merchant and other trans-"-
-J"ports with an additional body of troops which will
also proceed to that point.
Thedrafts upon the Militia have been madeonfhe
Ainercnt counties and as nearly equalized as possi-
ble from the information which could be obtained by
Jhis Department: a statement ofthenumber of voters
m each county wag procured and one third of the
pumber drafted with the exception pf two or three
pounties the population of which could not bear that
proportion; several frontier counties were excluded
Yirom the draft. The Inspeciors will be able to make
' T- vihfiir returns in time to submit the whole force for the
J information pf your excellency at an early period of
;- fne approacning mepung 01 tne nonoraDie uon-
The unprotected stale of our frontier and the expo-
sed situation of the only depot far our arms and mili
tary stores as well as the public documents and re-
as have been subjects ot much solicitude particu-
If i"? .tv dunno- Hip nat snrinir.
Ou the 2nd March Inst minors rcacliul Austin of
a Mexican force threatening Bexar: it was said to be
theidvanced guard of an invading army and that
Aujtin would he attacked by one division from the
Orders were immediately issued to Col. Jones and
aoatulion of his regiment promptly appeared at Aus-
tn;the remaining part of his command arrived at
that place as soon after as they could be expected to
rally. As it was expected that the enemv would ad
vance in two detachments ns before mentioned it bo-
'came necessary that a sufficient number of men
should be kept at Austin for its defence and as soon as
the reinforcement arrived men were sent to tsexarto
co-operate with such other troops as were gathering
from the adjoining counties they were However
too late to find the enemy: his retreat was precipitate
amounting to flight The men were then disbanded
and returned to their riolncs. "I "would here call the
attention of your Excellency to the difficulties under
which we labor while depending upon the militia
alone to repel an invading army however eflcctive
they ni.iy be in the field or however prompt in repai-
ring to it the enemy may do all the injury he intends
and escape before they can be got together for pursuit.
The attack upon Bexar and possession of it by a mar-
auding party of Mexicans fully exemplifies the fact
that a regular force is always necessary. The num-
ber of the enemy was not known and a combined at-
tack from different quarters threatened upon Austin
it therefore became necessary (as before stated) to de
tain the troops which first arrived for the purpose of
protecting the Government property ana recoras at
that place. If a regular force had been in the neigh-
borhood of Bexar.it is scarcely necessary to ssj thai
the enemy would hae been checked immediately
and if it should not haxe been sufficient to protect both
Austin and Bexar the men in Bastrop and 1aus
counties coald have been called m time 11 a prompt
movement had been made in front. These move-
rnents can only be made by regulars.
The brave yeomanry of our country are always
ready to obey its call but they cannot be expected to
leap into the saddle or to march with the rifle in the
instant They have families and very correctly make
themselves sure of their safety previously to taking
the field. They are scattered and time is required
for them to concentrate. The regular soldier has no
other duty to perform but to obey his orders and pro
fession devotes him to the service of bis country and
the sacrifice of his life if necessary in its defence.
Upon economical principles the employment ot the
regular soldier is decidedly to be preferred. By the
statement accompanying this report (marked C)your
Excellency will find that the expense ota company
of 56 minute men (authorised by Act of 4th Februa-
ry 1841 which is still in lorcej is oaaz couars lor
four months and that the amount required for tho
same number of rpgulars for the stme time is 4560
dollars including pay rations clothing and the cus
tomary allowance for otlicors servants. Uy an act
nassnl 4th February. 1840. the Fannin Guards are
allowed 151 zo per aiem anu rations.
.... - 1-' ' .-
The drafted man or volunteer naturally and pro
perly expects to return to his home and lumily alter
the immediate cause for the call upon his services has
expired the Regular is or ought to be alvays ready
for doty. Frequent and strenuous efforts han- been
made by the late Honorable Secretary of Wnr to or
ganize the militia; JI regret to report that they have
been attended with partial success only; full returns
have not been received from any of the Brigadier
Generals. It is to be hoped that the present call will
arouse them to a sense of the nnportancfi of organiza
Our Indian relations remain nearly in the same
situation in which they have tested for some time
past. The Lipans and Tonkawas have been frequent
ly employed against the enemy the former have been
actively engaged upon several occasions" they have
recently been scouting in the vicinity of the anticipat-
ed affray. They had been called upon by Captain
HayscomniandingourSpy company at San Anto-
nio and the two chiefs Flacco and Colonel John
were despatched with fifty-one warriors; not finding
Captain Hays at the appointed rendezvous (he hav-
ing proceeded towards Laredo with a scouting party)
they continued dow n the river San Antonio as far as
the Mission Espada where some disaffected MexK
cans were found who denounced them as friends of
the Republic and ordered them away at the same
time preparing themselves lor detep.ee.
Nothing of consequence resulted from this but the
temporary occupation of the place by the Lipans some
shots were exchanged but no lives lost; this may
have been a ru?e on the part of the inhabitants of Ls
padra to rid themselves of the Tisit of the Indians.
They proceeded further west to Atascosa and riot fin
ding Captain Hays returned to their camp on the
ban Marcus whence a deputation consisting ot Las
tro t lacco Lolonel Jrhn and a few warriors pro-
ceeded by way of Austin to this place to report. They
have a claim against the Government of long stand-
ing for services rendered to w hich I would respect
fully ask the consideration of your Excellency no ap-
propriation having been made by Congress for the
payment of the necessary expenses consequent upon
the employment of the Indians.
The Tonkawas hold themselves in readiness for
service; the remaining friendly tribes in the East
continue their occupation of hunting and the dircc
tions given by your Excellency relating to all others
in that region will no doubt ensure peace and friend-
ly intercourse with all.
Our Navy has been actively employed under an ar-
rangement made with the Government of Yucatan.
Our vessels have exchanged passing salutes with the
squadron of that Government while off their coast
both being on a cruise but not in company. With
the exception of three small prizes of little 'alue our
squadron has not been so fortunate as to fall in with
any vessels of the enemy; it has however kept the
Gulf clear of their cruisers and rendered their Steam
Frigate useless which has not ventured out of port
since her arrival but remained ensconced under the
walls ot the castle of San Juan d'Ulloa.
The Government of Yucatan has redeemed its
pledge given for the use of our Navy with the excep
tion of 801)1) dollars for which amount the schooner
San Antonio has been despatched to that Province.
The other vesseli of our squadron arc in the Docks
of New Orleans and Mob Ie ; the schooners have been
provisionrd and fitted out by tho patriotic inhabitants
of the latter city. The ship Austin and brig Whar-
ton will in all probability be ready for sea in two
weeks the San Antonio being expected to return by
that time with the funds for which she was sent which
money together with that previously received from
the same source will be required for shipping fresh
crews and the outfit of the vessels nt New Orleans.
The squadron will then proceed to sea for the pur-
pose of enforcing the Blockade which may be renew
ed or executing sucn orders zs may uc issued.
Several altemps have been made to dispose of the
Steam Ship Zavala as contemplated by an act of Con-
gress passed 5th of February 1842 but without suc
cess. Want of means for her TCpair and outfit has
tansed her to remain in the port of Galveston. She
w onld require 15000 dollars to beput in complete re-
pair for which purpose it would be necessary that she
shouJd be taken to the dry dock at New Orleans. Her
bottom is supposed to be considerably worm eaten
having lost liiuch of her copper when on her last
cruize and she has Deen uora necessity run asnore
at GaJveston. in consequence of her leaking so badly
that it was found impossible to keep her atloat with
the number of hahds assigned to her. The boilers
machinery and other parts of her are valuable and I
submit the propritty of thoir being immediately sold
at Galveston or in the United States or placed at the
disposition of the President.
Should a Steam Ship be required tor our service it
will be much more advantageous to have a new ves
sel built than lo expeud a large sum of money in re
The appropriation made by List Congress of 820-
000 for the support of the Nary in Ordinary is avfi-i
cicnt 17691 dollars for i:s n aiutenance on even the
limited scale at that tunc contemplated as will be
pex-" "j '" w " "i vjr' u) nicn
presents the amount required br one year in accor-
dance with the lact act regulating the nay &c.
I cannot refrain from soliciting the attention of your
Excellency to the reduction ot pay according to the
Act referred to
By comparing the pay of our officers with that of
officers ol tho United States mvy it will lie found
that the average difference is tvo Hinis less in our
service and payable ic our currency.
I would respectfully refer to the experiment tried
by the Government of the United States at an early
period of their history when the attempt was made to
dispose with the Navy. It was soon discovered that
a commercial people required the protection of vessels
of war and the presence of the national flag upon the
Ocean even in lime of peace.
Sinrcoely hoping that the time is not far distant when
the currency and resources of the nation will warrant
our showing our capability for defence both by sea
I have the honor to remain
Very respectfully vour most ob't.serv't.
G. W. HOCKLEY
Secretary of War and Marine.
To the Honorable Daniel Webster Secretary of
Slate of the United States of America.
National Palace Mexico 31st May 1S42.
A very few days ago the undersigned Minister of
the Exterior relation and goverment of the Mexican
Republic had the honor to address himself to the
Honorable Secretary of State of the United States of
America to protest formally to the government of
that Republic in the name of his Excellency the pro
visional President against the continued hostilities
and aggressions of the citizens of those States against
the Mexican territory and where he should have ex-
pected a flattering result in a change of measures he
finds himself under the necessity by a continuation
of them to call anew the attention of the same Hr.
orable Secretary of State because of the undeniable
tolerance which he has given and continues '.0 rrivo
to the enemies of a nation sincerely fr;endl v aDd bound
by the solemn obligation of the treaty which unites
tne two KepuDiics.
In that note after hav- at renrescnted to the Secre
tary the prudence with which the government of
iiexcohas acctd since the revolution in Texas broke
but to tonduct its relations with the United States so
listoavoid a rupture between two Republics which by
their importance and other mighty considerations.
seem destined to establish the policy and lot of the vast
and rich Amcriean continent the undersigned flatter
ed himself with the idea that the Cabinet of Wash
ington would not protect neither openly nor secretly
in any manner the scandalous usurptiop at an ac-
knowledged portion of the national territory. But
he is led to judge by acts manifest to all the world
that the said Cabinet of the United States and subor-
dinate and local authorities observe a conduct abso-
lutely contrary to the most sacred principles of nations
and to the solemn compacts of friendship which exists
between the two nations a sufficient proof of which is
found in the connivance or consent with which are
formed in various parts of the said States very clam-
orous political meetings armaments are prepared
with a large number of volunteers and disposed of in
such a manner as they may contribute to the assist-
ance of the Tcxans and to the invasion of a neighbor-
ing and friendly Republic.
The Mexican government cannot understand such
conduct and frank in its proceedings and moreover
animated with thedesire that the relations which until
the present time happily subsisted between the Repub-
lic and the U. S. should suffer not tho least change
believesit to beitsdutyto respect in all form itsfomer
protest against such tolerencc the continuation
of which it will consider as a positive act of hostility a
gainst tnis republic wmen win regulate the conduct
it ought to observe in the manner which the iusticc.
interest and the national dignity exact
The undersigned hopes that the Secretary will fa
vor him with a reply with the conciseness which the
importance of the subject demands and avails him
self of the opportunity to repeat the assurances of the
distinguished consideration with which he subscribes
His very ob't serv't
J. MARIA DE BOCANEGRA.
A Copv Mexico May 31 1812.
(Diario del Galvcrio.)
WEBSTER TO Mil. THOMPSON.
Washington July S Its 12. J
On the 20th of last month a communication
wns received at this Department from Mr. Bocanc
gra Secretary of State and Foreign Relations ol the
Government of Mexico having been forwarded
through the agency of Mr. Vclasqucs de Leon at
New York who informed the Department by a let-
ter accompanying that of Mr. de Bocanegra that he
had been appointed charge d'affairs of the Mexican
Republic to this Government although he had not
presented his credentials. Mr. de Bocanegra's letter
is addressed to the Secretary of State of the United
States and bears d.ite the 12th of May. A copy to-
gether with a copy of the communication from Mr
Vclasqucsde Leon transmitting it and of the answer to
Mr. Vclasqucsde Leon from this Department you will
receive herewith. Upon (he rece.pt of this despatch
you will immediately address a note to Mr. Bocane-
gra in which you wll say
That the Secretary of State of the United States has
received a letter addressed to him by Mr de Bocanc-
gra under date of the I2th of May. and transmit-
ted to the Depirtmrnt of Stateat Washington through
the agency of Mr. Vclasques de Leon at Nc-v-Yorfc
who informs the Government of the United States that
he has been appointed charge d'affaires of the Mexi-
can Republic although he has not presented his lec-
tor of credence.
The Government of the United States sees with rc-
grci the adoption on this occasion of a form of com-
mumcation quite unusual in diplomatic intercourse
and for which no necessity is known. An envov
cxtraordimrv and minister nleninotentiarv of the
United Slates fully accredited to the Government ofl
iWKtico was at that moment .n its capital in the ac-
tuu.1 discharge ol his functions .ml ready to receive
on fcoialf of his Governmei.t. ary communication
which itmigh be the pleasure of the President of the
Mexican Itc'nublic to make to it; ind it is not impro-
per to add here1 that it has len matter of rfgret with
the Government of the Umtcel Stues that while be-
ing animated with a sincere desire at all times to cul
tivate the most amicable .! htions with Mexico it has
not failed to maintain near thai Gov eminent a mission
of the highest rank known to its Usages Mexico for
a long time lus had no representative near the Gov
ernment ot the United butcs.
But the manner of the communication from Mr. de
Bocanegra however novel and extraordinary is lss
important than its contents and character which sur-
prise the Government of the United States by a loud
complaint of the violation of its neutral duties. Mr.
de Bocanegra spcakiug as he says by the express
order of the President of the Mexican Republic de-
clares that the amicable relations between the two
countries might have been lamentably disturbed since
the year 1835. when the revolution of Texas broke
out had not Mexico given o many evidences of its
forbearance and made so many and so s;re.t sacrifi-
ce? for the sake of rf-ace. in ordtr tni the world
might not see with pain and amazement two nations
which appear destined to e.-tablisti the policy and in-
luresiaoi me American continent divided and ravaged
by the evils of war.
This language implies tbn: sJch has bren the con-
duct of the United Suites to v aids Mexico that wjr
must have ensued before the present time had not
Mexico made great "sacrifices to avoid such a xt nit-
a charge which the Government of the United States
utterly denies ap.d renek it is whnllr iimnmnt nf
-ufaae-uuees uiaue by Mexico m orcer to preserve
peace or of anv occasion callmr on lis Gnvr-rnmint
to manifest uncommon forbearance. On the contrary
the Government of the United States cannot but be of
Opinion that if thp hietnrvnfthp nrrnrrpni-Mhotwppn
the two Governments the state of things at this mo
ment ousting between them be regarded both the
One and the other will demonstrate that it is the con
duct of Government of the United States which has
been marked in an especial manner by moderation &
forbearance Injuries ami wrongs have bcensustain-
cd by citizens of the United States not inflicted by in-
dividual Mexicans but by the authorities of the Gov-
ernment; for which injuries and wrongs numerous
as they are and outrageous as is the character of
some of them and acknowledged as theyarebv Mex
ico herself redress has been sought only by mild and
peaceable means and no indemnitynsked but sitcha:
the strictest justice imperatively demanded. A de
sire not to disturb the peace and harmony of the two
countries has led the Government of the United States
to be content with the lowest measure of remunera-
tion Mexico herself must admit that in all these
transactions the conduct of the United States towards
her has been signalized not by the infliction of inju-
ries butbj theinani'estationofa friendly feeling and
a conciliatory spirit.
The Government of the United States will not be
unjust in its sentiments toward Mexico; it will not im
pute to its Government any desire to disturb the"
peace: it acquits it of any design to spread the ravages
and horror of war over the two countries and it
leaves it to Mexico herself to avow her own mo
tives for her pacific policy if she haro any other mo-
tives than those of expediency and justice; provided
however that such avowal ofher motives carry with
it no imputation or reflection upon the good faith and
honor of the United States.
The revolution in Texas and the events connected
with it and springing out of it arc Mr. de Bocanegra's
principal topic; and it is in relation to these that his
complaint is founded. His Government he says
flatters itself that the Government of the United tstatcs
has not promoted the insurrection in Texas favored
the usurpation of its territory or supplied the rebels
with vessels ammunition and money. If Mr. de Bo
canegra intends this as a frank admission of the hon
est and cautious neutrality of the Government of the
United btatcs in the contest between Mexico and
Texas he does that Government justice and no more
than justice; but if the language be intended to inti-
mate an opposite and a reproachful meaning that
meaning is the more offensive for being insinuated ra-
ther than distinctly avowed. Mr. de Bocanegra
would seem to represent that from 1835 to the pres-
ent time citizens of the United States if not their Go-
vernment have been aiding rebels in Texas in arms
against the lawful authority of Mexico. This is not
a little extraordinary. Mexico may have chosen to
consider and may still chooso to consider Texas as
having at all tunes since 1 t3jand as still cor.tiuuiu".
a rebellious province but llicworll has been obliged
to take a different view of tw- i.:.itti r Fromti-c time
of the battle of San Jacinto 111 April 1S3G to the rrc
suit moment Texas has exhibited the same externa!
signs ofnitional independence as Mixico herself and
with quite as much stability of Government Practical-
ly free and independent acknowledged as 2 political
sovereignty by the principal powers ot the world no
hostile foot finding rest uulun htrterntory for six or
seven years and Mexico licrsellircfraining for i'i t
period from anv further attempt to re-cs!ah!i:h hr
own authority over that territory it cannot b:.t be sur
prising to find Mr. de Bocanegra complaining that
lor that whole period citizens of the United Stairs or
its Government have btcn favoring ;hu rebels of
Texas and supplymgthcin with vessels ammunition
and money as if the war furthe reduction of the pro-
vince; of Texas had been constantly prosecuted by
Mexico and her success prevented by these mrluefi-
ces from abroad.
The general facts appertaining to the settlement of
Texas and the revolution in its Government cantit".
Lut be well known to Mr.de Bocanegra By the
treaty ofthc2dof February 1S19. between the
United States and Spin the Sabine was adopted as
the line of boundary between the two Powers. Upto
that period no considerable colonization had been ef-
fected in Texas but the territory between tii Sabar
and the Rio Grande being confirmed to Spam bvtb
irt-.uv applications were made to that Poiier to:
J grants of laud and such grants or permissions of je:
tleinent were in fact made by the Spanish amhoritic -
mtavorot citizens ol the United States proposing to
emigrate to Texas in numerous families Leforeth)-
declaration of independence by Mexico. And these
early grants were confirmed as is well known bv
successive acts of tho Mexican Government afttr it-
separation from Spam. In January 163. a national
colonization law was passed holding out strong in-
ducements to all persons who should incline to under-
take thesettlement of uncultivated lands; and although
the Mexican law prohibited for a time citizens of for-
eign countries from settling as colonists in territories
rvmrtltot . .'t!...C.. ......1. 1....!k .? .
I minimi uci UU1IJ1U SUtll lUll'IU CUUlllI IL'S yel
even mis rrslnr'mn iirnc nffprit-nrrlc rpnpoloi! er cu?.
pended. So that in fact Mexico from the commence
ment of hei political existence held out the most liber-
al inducements to emigrate into her territories with
full knowledge that these inducements were Iikelvtu
act and expecting they would act with the greatest
effect upon citizens of the United States ; especially of
the Southern States whose agricultural pursuitsnat-
urally rendered the rich lands of Texas so well sin:
edto their accustomed occupations objrts of desire
to them. The early colonists of the United" States in-
troduced by Moses and Stephen Austin under theso
inducements and invitations were persons of most re
spectable character and their undertaking was rnfr.
ded with x cry severe hardships occasioned in v.o
small degree by the successive changes 111 the Gov-
ernment of Mexico. They nevertheless pcrsexernt
and accomplished a scttlemcm. And under the en
couragements and allurements thus held out by Mex-
ico other emigrants followed and m?ny thousand
colonists from the United States and elsewhere had
settled in Texas within ten years from the date of
Mexican independence. Having some reason to com-
plain as they thought of the Government over them
and especially of the aggressions of the Mexican mil
itary stationed in Texas they sought relief by apply-
ing ;o the supreme Government for the separation of
Texas from Coahuk'a and for a local Government for
Texas itself. Not having succeeded in this subject
in the process of time in the progress of events they
saw fit to attemnt an entire separation from Mexico.
to setup a Government of their own. and to establish
a political sovereignly. "War ensued and the battle
of San Jacinto fought on the 21st of April 1S36
achieved their independence. The war was from
that time at an end ; and in March following ; the inde-
pendence of Texas was formally acknowledged b-
thc Government of the United States.
In the events leading to the actual result of thcs.
hostilities the United States had no agency and took
no parL Its Government had from the first abstain-
ed from giving aid or succorto either party It knew
its neutral obligations and fairly endeavored to fulfil
them all. It acknowledged the independence of Tex
as only when that independence wa an apparent and
ascertained fact ; and its example in this particular has
been followed by several of the most considerable
Powers of Europe.
It has been sometimes stated as if for the purpose
of giving more reason to the complaint; of Mexico
that of the military force which ncted against Mexi-
co with efficiencyand success in 1S36 a large por-
tion consisted of volunteers then fresh from the Uni-
ted States. But this is a great error. It is well as-
certained of those who bore arms in the Texian ranks-
in the battle of San Jacinto three fourths were colo
nists invited into Texas by the grants and the coloni-
zation laws of Mexico and calle-d to the field by the
exigencies of the time in 1S36 from their farms and
other objects of private pursuit.
Mr. de Bocanegra's complaint is two fold first
thatcitzens of the United States have supplied the re-
bels in Texas with ammutiuton arms vessels money
and recruits have publicly raised forces in their cit-
ies and fi'ted out vessels in their ports loaded them
with munitions of war and marched to commit hos-
tilities against a friendly nation under the eye and
with the knowledge of the public authorities. In all
this Mr de Bocanegra appears to forget that while
the United States are at peace with Mexico they
are also at peace with Texas; that both stand on the
same footing of friendly nations: that since 1S37 the
United States have regarded Texas as an independ-
ent sovereignty as much as Mexico and that trade
and commerce with citizens of a Governmental war
with Mexico cannot on that account be regarded as
an intercourse by which assistance and succor arc giv-
en to Mexican rebels.
The whole current of Mr. de Bocanegra's remarks
runs in the same direction as if the independence of
Texas had not been acknowledged. It has been ac-
knowledged: it was acknowledged in 1837 against
the remonstrance and protest of Mexico; and mos.t of
the acts of any importance of which Mr. de Bocane
gra complains now necessarily from that recogni
tion. He speaks of Texas as still bcint: "an integral
part of the territory of the Mexican Republic;" but
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 3, 1842, newspaper, September 3, 1842; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80454/m1/1/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.