The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 11, Ed. 1, Saturday, November 5, 1842 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NORTHERN STANDARD.
CHAS. DE MORSE
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY C. DE MORSE.
The Norturk Standard U published erery Saturday
at fire dollars per annum in advance.
Advertisements will be inserted at one dollar per square
for the first insertion and fifty cents Tor each subsequent in-
sertion. Yearly advertisements not exceeding oigbt lines will be
inscJted for $30 per annum.
Not exceeding twenty lines 830 per annum.
Not exceeding fifty lines 850 per annum.
Announcement oT candidates for office Slu each.
Political addresses and obituary articles charged asadtcr-
tisements. Personal altercations when admissible charged double
the usual rates.
No advertisement or any description inserted unless paid
Tor in advance.
All letters to the Editor connected with I he business of the
paper must b post paid or they will not be received.
KT Exchequer Bills received at par.
AGENTS FOR THE STANDARD.
Tsavis G. Wright P. M Pine Creek.
Samuel M. Kcltom 1. M. Franklin I.amarCc.
William Biowk Pjns Lamar Coi
Jons R. CRtDDocx. ParK Lamar Co.
J. W. O. Stanheld P.M. Harrison Co.
. Jesse Sheltox P. M Fort Shelton Lamar Cd.
J. .A. Caldwell Warren Fannin Co.
Bailey Enough. P. M Fort English Fannin Co
D. Kowlxtt P. M Islington Fannin Co.
J. C. Jooett P M-. Ralei-h Fannin Co.
J. J Williams P. M. De Kalb Bonie Co.
Gen. E. II. Tahrast Bowie Co.
Hon. Jesse Grimes Montgomery C.
A. Sterne P. M. Nacogdoches."
Travis G. B 100X8 P M San Augustirtr.
C. K. Andrews Harrisou Co.
Col. Jimes Love Gjhe-Jon.
James B. Shaw Esq.. Houston.
Cwl. G. T. Wood Liberty.
Johk W. Harrison. La Grange.
B. M. Johisov Washington.
Sam'l B. Briciiam Matagorda.
Hildcmas Literary Depot. Louisville Ky.
Moroax & Co.. Literary Depot New Orleans.
S. Marsh P.M. . T niton Ark.
CitARLca Hood E-q. Washington Ark.
BERnr H iAHNiiiiLL isnshville lens.
Cnl. D. P. Armstrong Knoxville Tenn.
J. E Mostoomery. Linmille Gilo County Tcnn.
L. S. Iliiccirro.f Vicksbur- Miss.
Lorenzo Delixo P. M.j Park Hill Cherokee Nation.
Jimcs Harrison. Esq SL Louis Missouri.
M. T. I.oGA.v Dover Pope Co. Arkansas.
G. C. GooDtso P.M.. Fort Towson.
Ww. Davenport Hnddo Parish Louisiana.
From t'tf Xcir Orkans I'icatum.
THE TEXAN SANTA FE EXPEDITION.
BY GEORGE VT. KENDALL.
Re crossing tif lit supposed Rtd Rictr Absrnce vf
Indian and Buffalo "Sign" Rough Counliy
Carlos still persisting that he teas acquai led
tcllh it Going mt to Hunt resulting in getting
Ia1 -4 Den of Rattlesnakes Camp found ye
We mndea late start on the next day niter reach-
ing the supposed Rio Umi the principal part of the
morning having been devoted to drying our blahktts
nnd hunting up the scattered oxen and horses fright
ened from their propriity and their range the night
previous by the stampede.
It was soon ascertained that the main stream we
had been following up the same we crossed at the
Wakoe Tillage turned off more to the northward
and that from the appearance of the country ahead we
should be compelled to rccross it. This troublesome
labor was effected in thc"afternoon with no little diffi
culty and night found us encamped near its banks
with nothing but salt water to drink.
'Both Indian and buffalo "sign" now began to grow
scarce for wherever the latter are to be met within
large droves the former are also to be found. The
general impression was that the buflalo had gone
north towards the hunting grounds of the Pawnees.
'The next day we made but six or seven miles the
tountry in every direction growing more and more
broken. Ahead we saw nothing but chains of rug
ged badly got-up mountains; low to be sure but of
sulhcient height to render our farther advance ex-
tremely problematical at least in the right course.
That night we foind a small spring of fresh water
within a mile of the river and in the luxury of a cool
and refreshing draught forgot the hardships and pri-
vations of the previous twenty-four hours.
Carlos still insisted thai he was acquainted with the
country anJ that he could extricate us in a day or
two from the labyrinth- of difficulties twill which we
were surrounded. An early start was made the next
morning and near half theday was spent in climbing
ateep and abrupt declivities so rocky that the feet of
the oxen suiiereu severely and many ol them were
-compelled to be unyoked and turned loose. I thought
si had previously seen a country in a slate of nature
but tins was the roughest part ol "out-doors it had
ever been my infortunate lot to fill in with. It ap-
peared to have been just got outt without a single fin
ishing stroke in any quarter. Hough and missha
pen hills formed of rocks and sand were piled up
here ana there witnout system or order and not a
bush or blade of grass could be found upon them to
relieve their desolate appearance
Towards noon a level piece of prairie was discov -
ered some distance to the left and two of us started offi
in that direction in the hope of meeting with deer or
-nntelope. So far as regards the meeting tvith them
we were fortunate enough not so the shooting part
of the business. In chasing a diove. of some fifteen or
twenty I got separated from my- companion and en
looking round in search of him ascertained that I wns
completely turned round without the slightest knowl-
i.-dge as to the course I should take to reach the com
tnand. I sparred my horse into a brisk canter and
ascended the highest points about to get a sichlofmy
-companion or companions but without success.
A sickening feeling of loneliness came over me on
Jinding myself in that worst of all shuatiops upon a
ipTairic lot! The sun was still high in the heav--ens.and
I coulj not tell which was north or which
south. I had my rifle and pjrtols to be sure was well
mounted and had a sufficiency of an.munition but I
was not well enough acquainted with a prairie life to
sreera course even if I hadknotvn which course to
start upon neither was I hunter enough lo feel confi-
dent that I could kill a sufficiency of meal in case 1
was unsuccessful in finding my companins. Another'
thing; I had already found out what every hunter' ' Eicrj animal with the sinzlc exccpiion of tlie ho ha
knows that the hungrier the mnn gets upon thenrai-' an instinctive fearof the rattle-snakr can scect tliem easily
W the more unlikely he i to find game and their"UiIl.V ir approach. The hop cares i.o'hin; for
1 A-tr i.-.- . u . -. im b . Ilhcrertilr.butoii tVconlrarv has Ucn knovn toitlaik.kill
more difficult it is to shoot it There then I wa.'.3j.iiV0Uri!C.AilhiTMi!v;
LONG SHALL OUR
CLARKSVILLE NOVEMBER 5 1842.
without a companion and without expeiiencs star-
vation staring me in the face or even if I was fortu-
nate in killing meat I still was almost certain to be
picked up and scalped by Indians before I could reach
the settlements a very nattering prospect to be pla-
ced before one surely. I thought of home and made
up my mind firmly that if ever I was fortunate chough
to reach it I should be in no particular hUrry to leave
I resolved to make a desperate effort to find the
command and accordingly set off in a canter in as
ncara straight l.neasl could travel. Fortune for
once befriended me . for after travelling some six or
eight miles I reached the brow of a high and steep
declivity overlooking a narrow and beautiful valley
through which a creek was seen winding its way I
paused for a moment to survey this valley and was
soon rejoiced to see far ofl in the distance the white
tops of our waggons. Never was the sight of a friend-
ly sail more welcome to the eye of a ship-wrecked
mariner than was the prospect now before me.
The declivity in front was steep and craggy rocks
were jutting out in every direction. I could not think
of looking for any other passage down however but
dashed spurs into my horse and commenced the de-
scent. Scarcely had I gone twenty steps before my
horse snorted and jumped furiously aside frightened
by an immense rattle-snake lying directly in the path.
j Probably bund at thetime it being in August he had
never given the well known alarm until I was close
upon him. Hundreds of these poisonous leptiles
Iroilid up among the rocks immediately arourd soon
joined in the alarm and the stench from so large a
number was disagreeable in the extreme.' Franti-
cally did the animal I was on dash down the steep
and finally reached the level bottom below without
injury. "How many snakes there were in this den
and in the immediate neighborhood is more than 1
know I did not stop to count or calculate but if the
lot had been purchased at five hundred I honestly
think the buyer would never have found fault with
the count On looking back I discovered a large
hole or cave among the rocks to the right which 1
had not before seen this was probably their hotre
and at the same time I came along they were out sun-
ning themselves among the clefts.
Half an hour's brisk trot brought me up with the
command where I found that my companion had al-
ready nrrived. He did not even know that 1 had
been lost until I informed him of my adventure. At
the time I said but little about it but inly 1 resolved
never to be caught out of sight of the command again.
1 Better Road and Country Found Carlos appar-
ently al one Departure of Hotrland and lico
of the rnenfor rr Settlements A Buffalo Chase
mth its Results Discovery of a large stream to
the South Cfc.
After bcxing the compass for several hours travel
ling some ten or twelve miles over a rough and rocky
road to gain two or three we finally reached a high
piece of table land where the ixK.'quecl grass was
fresh and far better than we had previously found
To this spot Carlos said the Mexicans trcquchtly
brought their sheep on account of the superiority of
the pasturage nnd he also pointed in the direction of
a iarge spring and creek ol fresh water which hesaid
emptied inlo Red Kiver a few miles to the North.
Although nougn could be seen indicating water in
the direction he pointed his assertion proved co-rcct;
for after a travel of five or six miles a spring was
found in the precise situation he described it. More
singular than this he had frequently informed the
men where plum patches were located in the vicinity
of our journey and he was. almostinvariably correct.
With all these corroborating circumstances it need
not be wondered at that we all thought wc were with-
in a few days march of the frentier Mexican settle-
ments. On encamping at night and fully convinced as the
commissioners were of the truth of the statements of
Caslos who said that San Miguel was not more than
75 or 80 miles distant they determined upon despatch
ing Messrs. Howland Baker and Rosenbcrry ahead
to procure sugar coffee and bread stuFs and consult
with the inhabitants more particularly with some of
tne principal men as to me reception tne expedition
would probably meet with Howland had lived sev
eral years in Santa Fc and the vicinity spoke Span-
ish fluently and was well acquainted with all the lead-
ing inhabitants. He was a man of great influence
brave and at the same time cautious. The party took
with them but three days provisions and as large
numbers of hostile Indians were known to infest the
borders of New Mexico they travelled only by night
lying by concealed during thedhy. Had it not been
for this ciicumstance I should have accompanied the
party; but I had a pack mule with all my clothing
along and in an adventure of this kind it was consid-
ered as out of the question to start with any Incum-
brance. I was particularly anxious to go ahead on
more than one account. In the first piece it was get-
tinir late in the season and I was in no little hurry to
j prosecute my journey through the interior of Mexico;
in the next place I had spent about time enough I
will not say lived on weak coffee without sugar and
rather a short allowance of any thing bet good beef.
To sum it all up "I had seen the elevhanl I "
Howland and his parly started on the evening of:
..'. . . l
the 1 1th A ugust. All that day we remained in camp
lor the purpose ol resting the oxen many ot their feet
having been worn to the quick by the stony roai s.
1 he next morning we started early under the gut
' dance of Carlos who kept along with the advance
guard as the spy company had been broken up
1 he any was extremely hot and sultry; yet wefound
a good road and were enabled to make snmo twelve
miles in a north-west course be'orc the middle of the
afternoon. The advance guard had now arrived at
the brow ofa small hill overlooking a cool and shady
dell when a fine buflalo cow was setn lying under
the shade ol a tree and apparently fast asleep.
One ofour party immediately dismounted and star-
ted with the intention of creeping up within gunshot
of the animal while two of us disencumbered our hor-
ses of all superfluous baggage 'handed our rifles to
BANfcfcll BRAVE THE BREKZE-THE STANDARD
some of the men and examined our pistol bent up-
on giving a regular chase ih case the first hunter was
unsuccesslul in killing (he butiaio.
He was unsuccesful forhisTifle hung fire causing
him to shoot wide of the marlr". The animal immedi
ately rose and started off in a westerly direction at a
lumoenng ganop myseu anu companion ioiiownig
at a brisk canter. After climbing the opposite hill
wo had a level plain before us reaching for miles
with no other obstruction than an occasional patch of
low bushes. At first we gained rapidly and altho'
the animal had a full half mile the Hart we were with-
in fifty yards of if before we had been two miles in
chute. On reaching tho fir it patch of bushes the pur-
sued dashed madly through apparently not heeding
the long and sharp" thorns with which they were cov-
ered. Not so with our hones. Their shoulders nnd
chests were not shielded with the long shaggy hair
which covered the same parts of the buffalo and as a
consequence they shied bolted and could hardly be
nersuaded through with extra spurring nnd kicking
Af;r emerging from the thicket and running a short
distance we again came up with our prey At one
time I W8B within close pistol shot and about to tire
when another patch of musqueeti afforded the buffalo
a shelter and a protection. Finding we were running
under every disadvantage we gave uptheehusc after
a race of about fix ;ni!es. I have neglected to men
tion that during the exiting run we frightened up in
numerable deer that were ijinff under the shade of
the bushes and musquect trees. l haa never seen
them in such numbers or so tame on several occasion?
my horse all but running directly over them.
Stopping for a short time lo allow our jaded ani-
mal? to recover their wind and lest themfslves. we
discovered in the distances to the south what npcar-
edto be the bottoms of a large stream. The batifjjrif!
it were skirted with a heavy growth of timber arid it
appeared to be running the same course as the river
to the north of us. On returning we found the com-
mand encamped near the spot we had left them and
the circumstance of the river was mentioned to Car
los. Hesaid there was no large stream in thai direc-
tion spoke with apparent confidence and here the
Not one of the deer we might have killed easily
with our pistols on going out were to he found on re
turning another specimen of the luck of a hungry
Further Spcculationi as regards our Position
Mountains Discovered said to be " TheCrotvs" by
Carlos Suffering for Water Description of a
Prairie on Fire Vc.
The l!3tli of A:igut was an cvtmrful day with us
and one which few who were along will forget The
night previous wc encamped without water for our
cattle or horses and the little We obtained for our own
use Was of the poorest quality and only drank to
quench the intolerable thirst brought on by a long
day's march through the hct sun. 1 had jaded my
horse badly by the chase after the buffalo and deeply
did I regret that at the time he most needed it I could
give him no water.
We had proceeded but a short distance this morn-
ing before the blue tops of several mountains were
seen far in the distance to the west Carlos was the
the day Cant. Caldwell visited the stream mv enm
panion and self had discovered the day previous
while chasing the buffalo On returning about noon
he stated that the stream was a large one and that he
believed it to be the Brassos ! This river all suppos
ed to be a Jong distance to the south. Cant C.also
for ihe first time stated his conviction that the stream
we had been followine tin from the. Wakoe Villase
was the Wichita and that Red River was iome sev
enty-five or perhaps a hundred miles to the north.
All were stuttlcd at this report; but still so strong
was the reliance placed in the statements ol Carlos
few believed it.
Wcconlinnr-d our journey Until the middle of the
afternoon altering the course a little to the north. Xo
water could be found in any direction and the wild
and glaringcyes of our horses With their broken and
nervous action showed too plainly the intensity of
meir sunenng. The advance guard finally reached
the brow of a precipitous declivity overlooking a
large valley of broken arid rugged appearance Thi
valley was some five miles in width and not only
the descent to it which several hundred feet but the
whole surface below was covered with dry cedars ap-
patently killed two or three years previous by fire.
The spot upon which we stood was a level plain
covered with grass several feet in height This grass
no rain having fallen for weeks had become as dry
as tinder. While consulting as to what course we
should pursue some one of our party discovered wa-
ter at a distance of three or four miles across the vnl-
ley below a turn in the river bringing it to view Wc
immediately determined if possible to effect the de-
scent of the steep declivity before us and al least give
our suffering animals a chance to quench their tliirft.
After winding and picking our way foran hoiiraP
ter crossing frightful chasms and pitchir.g and climb-
ingdown precipices that were nearly peipenuicular
we at lentrth reached the bottom of the hill. To do
this we were obliged to dismount from our horses
it i-ij .1
in some places fairly push them off abrupt descents
they never would have attempted without force Once
at the bottom wc found the sandy bed of what hid
been a running stream during the wet season. Im
Whether. thN is a Mexican or Indian name fjr a pr.icu.
larkind orras found upon the great prairies of the Wrt I
am unable to say. Cattle ami horss are extremely fond of
it anil it is very nourishing. There isasmall.brambly bush
of the same Hame and also a tree about the sixe ofa cheny
or peach tree. It bears a pod containing bean which are
-reedilv devourrd bv horse. and cattle and is said lo fatten
cuiudiuiMK ucin-f iiikh ire
them as nell as grain. The Comanches make a spec'e.xof
meil ofthe beans very palatable and nwrilious andriie Mex-
in immenV quantities aiid.eiiher rN-utrd or boiled them for
coffee. The wood makes ihe "hot V charcoal throws out a
great heat and lasL a Ions lime. The trees a- nell as '
to discover them and remarked that they were party who had started from the river l.v this :imi!i.. m.. .. . ". . " "ue JPt""- ""
e Cm .chin of mountains nearthe Angonu- wec scattered in every direction each hup endev- ' ZH ITiT V!3Zr2Sl
oriNarrows of Ked River and through which crinsjto find his wny to our c.mn m. m. ..- i --?" --i".u Fu; ulu .u
stream had cut its way. Our route now ...n; J portBa.-j. -. B -1 1 l Z ' KT " ' ""pt.on f vvny nas nature n.a this sud-
r a Irish prairie which UvwA to U a:.Am":ZX'Z: Z. .. "1. C '. "Y snnce; wny piacca in tne most impenetrable o. her
"ljr.. '.-. .. :. . n ....; .vr .vumuvu . s.Uuim anu arcana ana tailed to provide tor the appetite Willi
ndgc betv. ceil the two larp-e streams. Darin? bv the w nd. ..:.. u. u rJL-....ii r. tt r..n..
OF THft FREE.
mediately on striking this bed our tired nags pricked
their ears and started offat a brisk trot intuitively
knowing that water was in the vicinity. The horse
scents water at an incredible distance and frequently
travellers upon the prairie are enabled to find it by
simply turning ihe horses or mules loose.
Arriving at the river nothing could restrain our an-
imals from pitching hcadlongdown the batiks. Equal-
ly thirsty ourselves how sadly were wc disappointed
to find the water salt and brackish Wc swallowed
enough however to moisten our parched lips and
throats and ten minutes after were even more thirsty
than before. Our horses fonder of this water than
any other drank apparently until they could swallow
While some of our paity were digging into the
sand near the edge of the stream with the hope of find-
ing water more fresh and others were enjoying the
luxury of a bath a loud icport as of a cannon was
heard in the direction of the camp and a dark smoke
was seen suddenly to arise. "An Indian attack!"
was the startling cry on all sides and instantly we
commenced huddling on our clothes and bridling our
horse. One by one as fast as we could pet ready.
We Started off for Wlint W( cttntirtKr ivn ii f-nn nf
engagement as we ncareu the cmnping ground it rules which prev-il throush nil his works ? That
brcame plainly evident that the prairie was on fire in nature has not implanted this taste in the lower order
a I directions. When within a mile or ihe itccp dc- ofnnimals. and therefore is unjusi? That amongall
clivity which cut offthe prairie above from the valley hiscrcaturcs he has left man without suidance wJktu
the bright flames were seen flashing among the dry the instinct of the lower orders is sufficient to prevent
cedars and a dense volume of black smoke rising I them. You can not makcanythingilrunk more than
ahovcallgavca paufful sublimity to the scene. once but man. Try this once on any other creature
On approaching nearer wc were met by some of but man and vou will never make it drunk again
our companions. They stated that the high grass of j The experiment has beer tried and I will tcll'vou
the prairie had caught fire by accident that many of. how. Once upon a time and it was tried on an ani-
thc waggons had been consumed and among them mal very similar very nearly approximating to mm
the Commissioners which contained not only our'a counlent uirL-nl u-. In mnr k j.....:.
j (runks but a largenumber of cartridges The cxplo-
sion of these wc had mistaken for the report of our quor. The next time thev went to the tavern they
cannon. . ook Jacko determined that ho should have some of
We pushed J.hcnd with the hope of rendering as- the 'critter." and join thnn in their spree They dr-
sistancelo our companions but before wccould reach coyed him" and partly I suppose from tho spirit of
thcbascol the sterpanJ ragged hill the lire was dash- imitation and probably (for who' can tell ? Jacko"
ing down with frightful rapidity leaping nnd flash- thought that being possessed of faculties so superior
ing across the gullies and roaring in the deep and to any that he possessed so capable or reasoning- aud
yawning chasms withthc wild and appalling tones of deciding on what was presented to their notice
a tornado. Eierand anon as the flames would strike ( would not induce him to do any thin" that n-ouhl in-
ihe dry and scraggy tops of the cedars a repoit as of .jure him !h"-Y managed toniak'e bitn-waliowaqtmc-a
musket would be heard and in such a quick sue-' lily of the "liquor and sufficimtof it to make him
cession did these reports follow each other that I cin diunk.ar.d a very gay chattering lively frolicksome
liken them to nothing save the irregular discharge of monkey he was too But the drink passed off ami
mfantiy. .. . ' the next day he appeared very different; the fact rras
Ihe wind was blowing fresh "lomthc west when he looked "hot-id and no doubt fell very bad. Hb
the prairie first faught carrying the flames with a ra- looked very low and sad and disconsolate Tho
pidity absolutely astounding over the very croundon youngster j.'howevcr were much tickled whh the mi--which
we had travelled during the day. The wind chief they had done and so pleased ibatthey dttcnnin-
Iulled with the sun and now the fire began to spread ed to try again. They accordingly took Jscko again
slowly in the other direction I hepissage by which ar.d wanted him to drink the liquor but Jacko would
we had descended was cut offby the fhmes. and nisht not Thev nifritn rrr j;m i. tl. r..k. -.i
fnnnr! nur n.rltr atill in t ..- II U1 .! ...
wu..u v.u. rj Ullll III ftljfc. IUM1 UlldUIC IV HilU dilk
other route to the table lahd above. Our situation was
a dangerous one too; for had the wind sprung up and
veered into the cast with such velocity did the flamts
spread we should have found much difficulty in es-
caping. iVbout nine o clock I was foitunate enough to meet
with some of our men who directed me to a passage
orn down with latigue hungry and almost cuo-
Ued with thirst I laid down upon the blackened
giuuuu uai iiigm uui ii as loim ueiore sici-p visueu
my eye-lids. A broad sheet of flame miles in width
could still be seen in the east lightening up the heav
..;.. .1 . i: u. : .i t
ens with a bright glow while the subdued yet deep
roar of the element was plainly heard as it "sped on
With the WingS Of lightning aCrOSS the Prairies. In'
u i uic ustcrn. iisiiamuuc remarKea uerc mat our !c.-L-ni nn. . - ... .. ... .
' IIIIII II 111111 llMi I P"f I llirillK IIHI 14. II IIMV ! n I 1 1 I I -
the valley rar below us the flames were flashing and ;s injurious and what is beneficial. Admitting nature
leaping about among the dry cedars resembling a has permitted this appetite to exist to cleave to lis
magnificent display of fireworks the combination J has she not given us reason to con'rol it? Has na-
rormtng a scene of grandeur and sublimity it is impos- ture been in fault if she his given us reason to detect
sible to describe. ant j)0wer 0 avoid ? The Tery es;tcr.ce 0f tn;s di-
t-n t r ih fiT-.Tt tinetion between man and the other orders or animal
MARaHALLS TEMPERA IN CL SPEELH. Remonstrates the justice of nature. Thatshehascar..-
The Temperance cause has to encounter not ren- fully provided for al! the appetites bestowed upon all
son not truth not argument but it Iras to encotin- other animals and hits left man to his rea-on to pro-
tcr. pecuniary interests and which ismorp potent than itct and to save him from thccor.ieeiucnces of thi ap-
all put together established and inveterate and evil petite is adding dignity to human nature. It is i
habit known by the name af "Fashion" and ele-lproof of the high estimation in which G.kI the Cr-.-a-
gance U yon please. It has all this to encounter
and the death grapple in which it has to close at lal
has not come on 1 I was thinking not long since of
what could oppose it the temperance cau:c of what
could be said against it. Who en earth and how
did it happen that nil mankind did not embrace it at
once? Phvsidians demonstrate that alcohol isa noi
son they demonstrate that the use of this thing ine-
vitably leads to disease and death and universal ex-
perience corroborates their opinion. I learn from a
work of Cicero's I read Cicero when I was a boy
that it was an excellent plan when preparing to con-
duct n case to make out the best argument possible
for the opposite side. Well I have done so in this
case and for the life and soul of me 1 couldn't make
otit more than one solitary argument if so it can be
called on the opposite side and it is this: the appe-
tite for alcohol exists in man. and there exists fn r.a-
I Hire formed by the Great Creator substances from '
I which alcohol can be made. Why then should tlrs '
. - ..... ... u
appclitc cxibtwhy should tills substance exist werel
it not intended that we should gratify that appetite by
using the substance which it craves? J
Gentlemen : I have stated the argument in uxor!
ol alcoholic liquors faiily and this is thecnU light in.
...i.r.u :. -i ... .i.-. :. ..i.i iw.'M .u...
which it ever occuredto me. that it could be said that
there was anything in favor oflhe practice of drink- hi
ing. The first opponent whom we have to convince w
ig. the lirst opponent whom we nave to convince
is the preacher who advocates temperate drinking
. ' ' l.i.l . .. .. .....
there are none tone round not one so base sou eg tad-;
ed as to advocato inebriety. This appetite is said '
to have been created in man. Has not nature pre-'
partd f? s(?f nt for m?n-fT his crn(iIc j Ihe:
grave from infancy to old age has nol man. I say.
lecn furnished by nature without the aid of chemical j
process or the exercise of man's ingenuity and skill
boly and restoration oriiisanmul spirits? Will you
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
say nature has hot produced sufficient to sustain him
without having recourse to his own ingenuity? Let
us consider and examine that substance which nature
has provided for the young human being while it is
unable to provide for itself. Arc there two things in
the whole universe which arc more unlike between
which there is more dissimilarity than there is be-
tween the milk which the child extracts from its mo-
ther's br.st and thealcoholic liquid which is elaborat-
ed from the worm of ihe distillery ? Is there in the
whole universe two things as much unlike imagine
it if you can as '.he source from which the milk flows
that sustains.nourishes the cliildx the nccursed sourer
from which the other flows. That milk is not whiskey
we can prove. It we look to nature we iliall not find
any whiskey nor shall ve find that the-re is any na-
tural tajte for whiskey. We may well deny that tho
appetite is natural and ay that It is an acquired ortr-
But let us admit that it is a natural taste and what
doe it prove? Does it prove that it is not injurious
aye ruinous to the constitution of man ? Admit il"
fact that the appetite is natural and stil! what rtiincrn
consequence stare you in the face from its iudui
gence. Have you the notion that the Creator has
acted at variance with all established and harmonious
cJ to take Jacko.and see how he would relish the ii-
1 1. 1 -. rii '..... .
bit and scratched and screamed and finally escaped to
me top ot tne nouse where he remained nor could
they induce him to return to them in the house. Here
we see that with all their efforts and endeavors they
could not induce poor Jacko to get drunk a secotnl
time; the experiment was made bet instinct taught
it there. I believe man isalons in
mm 10 snun it nature had implanted no appetite for
proved that every thine; has been provided forsati;
fying all the appetites granted to the rest of creation
and wny nas man oeen Iet? isrmture unjust? Dors
' nature provide for every otiier appetite but this and
i. ;. - - . .- .. . '.
leaves this? I do not believe that nature has given
to man what she has not given to any bther creature.
for no use. INaturc has civen to man the power of
- Tnm;i.?nrll.ln.rHlror.( h Unrr nrnmtinrtrli9l
tor holds him whom he has created after his own inl
age and mture whom he has armed with the power
of protecting himself. Nature wise and just as sho
is has not exposed man to evils lrom which she ha
protected animals. Is instinct mightier and tnori-
powerful than rrasi-n 1 Drtihkrncss is man's ov.n
worfc. It is peculiar to his kind. It i; not loun'l
anywhere else thought the whole universe. A dnmk
en nun is the hardest and most difficult thing in the
creation for philosophers to classify. Who can say
to what genus he belongs? In the whole course of
iny examination and ample experience and feeling
too (I am sorry to say it ) I havn been unable to de-
cide to .vhat order of creation he belongs. It ain't a
man; he has not the feeling the intellect the heait
orlhc form of a man. He has no Iongc the erect
ccununaiicc ofa man. That face and form shaped
in the image of his Creator no longer looks upwards
to the skies as he was made by his
He can't walk. It fuddles his brain
Creator to do.
m; iuii i n.iiH. ii iuuiiii'Miis uruui. oica nis eves.
deadens his cars swells his body and dwindles his
legs. Ureal laughter ) What ruin docs it not woik
upon his heart and moral constitution. All ll.e rest
it does one might overlook. If it only made him
sick destroyed his beauty and sent him to a prerm
i.... .." n :. i.. t:i. -j.i - r. -..i
lure grave If it only dilapidated his fortune ruined
his life wc mil
Jrgivc it. Man must die and
w-iiat only accelerates this a tew days or weeks mi?ht
be overlooked. Rut there is the diviner art. which.
on the authority ol revelation was breathed into wn
by the Creator. He alone otall cirature lieronir
utiheartcd destroys his reaon his heart an 1 moral
"tYt- tXcI;ei.rr ?ral f"
that feeling which when all hope of I te !m tou-3
ken him still clings t him It is aleoiiol alone t!
has the power to achieve this. You iimv "ivrnrsej..
the point of death he thinks of wik nl cIvM of !
hie a hnil..n..
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 11, Ed. 1, Saturday, November 5, 1842, newspaper, November 5, 1842; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80462/m1/1/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.