The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 14, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 10, 1842 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NORTHERN STANDARD.
CHAS. OE MORSE
LONG SHALL OUR BANNER BRAVE THE BREEZE THE STANDARD OF THE FREE.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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rUxcx. M. Fultom P. M Franklin Lamar Co.
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Hon. Jess Grimes Montgomery Co.
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Tkatii G. Brooks P. M San Augustine.
C. "K. Axdrcws Harrison Co.
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T. R. Bacbt Houston.
Col. "Wm. L. CitMur Austin Travis County.
A. McDoxald HuntsTilIe Montgomery County.
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EXTRACT FROM AN ADDRESS OF JOHN
To Ais constituents of the Tuelf'.h Congressional
District at Baintree 17th Sept. 1842.
Fellow citizens ray constituents and it is in that
capacity that I now earnestly invite your attention
to a topic affecting your interests more vitally than
any other thing on this side of heaven nullification
portentous and fatal as it is to the prospects nnd wel-
fare of this union is not the only instrument ofsouth-
ern diminution wielded by the executive arm at
Washington. The dismemberment of our neighbor-
ing republic.of .Vcxtco and the acquisition of an im-
mense portion of te rritorics from the mouth of the
Rio del Norte to its source and thence across; the
-continent of North America" to the Pacific ocean in-
cluding the port and harbor of San Francisco in Cal
ifornia has been a gigantic and darling project of
Andrew Jackson already formed upon hi first ccces
sionto the presidency shaped and matured during its
' continuance and which he once suffered himself to
be deluded into the belief was sn near its accomplish-
ment that he actually offered the government of the
territory of Texas to Hutching G. Burton a distin-
guished citizen of North Carolina now deceased but
in his lifetime well known to me. The policy of the
Jackson administration towaids Mexico was worthy
of Machiavel A perpetual negotiation o! treaties ne-
ver to be executed was carried on in combination
with a continual urging for the cession of Texas;
while Texas itself was stimulated to insurcction
against Mexico and finally raised the banner of ind -pendencc
under the auspices cf a Tcnncsccan offi-
cer a military commander favored and patronized by
Jackson and expatriated for the purpose of effecting
this revolution; and it was accomplished. The
Tennessean neighbor and friend of Jacson is now the
president of the republic of T"xas and at war 'Arith
Mexico which has never yet acknowledged her in-
dependence. But the United States have: and the
manner in which that recognition was effected af-
fords a lucid commentary on the friendliness and good
feeling to loudly and confidently boasted of-at the
lime towards the republic of Mexico.
Fellow citizens 1 did on a former occasion when
the projected annexation of Texas became a subject of
delioeration in congress in a speech which accord-
ing to the arbitrary rules of the house I was compell--ed
to deliverin the scanty fragmentsoften interrupted
of the morning hour from day fo day Aom the 16th
'of June to the 7th of July 1838 expose and lay bare
the double dralingand perfidious policy ofthefeder-
al administration towards Mexico from the accession
of Andrew Jackson to the presidency: his secret move
ment for the dismemberment of that republic and his
panting passion for the annexation by cession or bv
war. of Texas to this union The session of congress
closed before I could finish my speech so that my de-
monstration remained incomplete; but I had furnished
rtboundant evidence to satisfy any impartial mind of
theanus weed policy which I then charged upon the
administration and the immediate effect of these dis-
closures was the apparent abandonment of both the
projects of war with Mexico and annexing Texas
for about three years. My speech was published in a
pamphlet for it embraced the right of petition and
the freedom of speech and of debate not less than the
annexation of Texas. I sent copies of it to some of
my constituents m almost every town of the district
and I presume many have some recollection of it.
Amongtheomissions to my demonstration at that time
of the double dealing policy of the administration
was the evidence of the manner in which the recog-
nition of the independence of Texas was smu girled
through the congress. As the present envoy extra-
ordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Mexico was
one of the principal agents in that transaction and as
another transaction of a precisely similar character.
and in pursuit of the same policy occured in the last
half hour of the session of congress just closed it may
be proper for me to invito yonrcarncit and anxious
attention to the facts which I shall now disclose and
which I take it for granted are known to few if any
Tho severance of Texas from Mexico and its an-
nexation to the United States was undoubtedly an
object to the colonists who went from the United
States to settle there of earnest desire. The ex-go-Ternor
of Tennessee went there with the intent to
accomplish that design just at the time when Gene-
ral J.ickson attained to the presidency of the United
States and Houston's design to conquer and annex
Texas was. if not concerted with him. at least well
known to him. In 1834 the revolt of Texas from
Mexico was declared; precipitated if not chiefly
caused by the abolition of slavery by the Mexican
government. On the 2d of March" 1836 the Texan
Declaration of Independence was issued and on the
17th of the same month a constitution of the republic
was proclaimed framed on the model of those of
our southern states. It re-instituted the law of slave
ry which Mexico had abolished denied to the le-
gislature the power of emancipating slaves nnd to
the owners of slave the powei of emancipating them
without the consent of the legislature; it excluded all
Africans and descendants of Africans and Indians
from the name rights and privileges of citizens
forever; interdicted the very entrance into the state
of any free colored person without the consent of
the legislature; prohibited forever the admission of
Africans or negroes into the republic except from
the United States of America and declared itptraey
without affixing any penalty to the commission of
the crime. Thre is a declaration of rights annexed
to this constitution and declared to be a part of it.
This declaration embodies nil the usual tUardi for
the protection ol liberty but it avoids the base hy
pocrisy of declaring the equality of rights of all
men which pollutes some of our slavery sullied con
stitutions; The constitution of the Republic of Texas
is more wanly worded virtually repudiates the su-
blime doctrine of the natural rights of man by mere
ly saying "All mcn-u?Aen tniyjorm a socialcom-
pact have equal rights" and you all see how wide
a margin this leaves for slavery and the slave trade
in their most hideous and disgusting forms.
'Within five weeks after the proclamation of this
constitution followed the battle of San Jacinto; and
from that day the struggles of the southern politi
cians who ruled the councils of this nation were for
upwards of two years unremitting and unrestrained
by any principle of honor honesty and truth open-
ly avowed and audaciously proclaimed whenever
they dared clandestinely pursued under delusive
masks and false -colors whenever the occasion re
No sooner was the event of the battle of San Jacin-
to known than- memorials and resolutions from va-
rious parts of the union were poured in upon con-
gress calling upon that body for the immediate recog
nition or the independence of the republic of Texas.
Many of these memorials and resolutions came from
the free states and one of them from the legislature
of Connecticut then-blindly. devoted to the rank
sectional policy of the Jackson administration by
that infatuation of northern sympathy with southern
interests which Mr. Apple-ton points out to our no-
tice and the true purposes of which had nl ready been
sufficiently divulged in an address of Mr. Clement
C. Clay to the legislature of Alabama. But there
was another more hidden impulse to this extreme so-
licitude for the recognition of the independence of
Texas working in the free states quite as ready to
assume the mask and the cap of liberty as the slave
dealing champions of the rights of mac. The Texan
land and liberty jobbers had spread the contagion of
their land-jobbing traffic all over the free states
throughout the union. Land-jobbing stock-jobbing
slave-jobbing rights of man-jobbing were all
hand in hand sweeping over the land like a hurri
cane. J he banks were all plunging into desperate
debts preparing for a universal suspension of specie
payment under the shelter ol legislative protection to
flood the country with irredeemable paper. Gam-
blinr speculation was the madness of the dav; and in
the widespread ruin which we are now witnessing
as the last stage of this moral pestilence Texan bonds
and Texan land form no small' portion of the frag-
ments from the wreck of money corporations con-
tributing to their assets of two or three cents to
the dollar. AH these interests furnished vociferous
dcclaimers for the recognition of Texan independ-
ence. These memorials and resolutions were in the house
of representatives referred to the committee on fo-
reign affairs tvhich on the 4th day of July 1836
the day on which that session closed reported that
thev had not been able to collect such information of
the political condition of Texas as would warrant an
immediate recognition of her independence but that
the president had taken measures to collect that infor-
mation. They recommended therefore two resolu-
tions both of which were adopted by the house. First
That the independence of Texas ought to be acknow-
ledged by the United States whenever satbfactory
information should be received that it had in success-
ful operation a civil government capable of perform
ing the duties and fulfilling the obligations of an inde
pendent power and Second 1 hat the house ot re
preventatives perceived with satisfaction that the
president of the United States had adopted measures
to ascertain tbe political military and civil condition
On the 8th of December 1835 President Jackson
had commenced that same session of congress with a
paragraph descanting upon the rigorous obligations
of neutrality binding upon the United States and their
citizens in this civil war between Mexico and Texas;
and had announced that "aware of the strong temp
tations existing and powerful inducements held out to
the citizens of the United States to mingle in the dis-
eentions ot our immediate neighbors instructions had
been given to the district attorney of the United States.
where indications warranted it to prosecute without
respect to persons all who might attempt to violate
the obligations oj vur neutrality."
What indications had preceded the battle of San
Jacinto fought u.ider lexan banners bv acomman
der and an rmy almost to a man citizens of tho
United States the world has never been informed
The obligations of neutrality were most emphatically
.-1.-..tlTAs1 in ih moamtrK The instruction in
the district attorneys hml been to prosecute without'
respect to persons upon mere indications of an at-
tempt to violate our neutrality. Regiments of com-
batants were daily flocking from the United States
into Texas to fight the battles of her liberty; but the
district attorneys so faithfully instructed could dis-
cover no indications which would warrant a prose-
cution till 'he battle of San Jacinto told the talc and
after that the memorials and resolutions clamoring
for the recognition of the independence of Texas and
the Report of the committee offoreign affairs composed
of five members from the slave representation and
four northern men with southern principles; will I
think afford to you sufficient indications of the sort
of neutrality which prompted a Jackson majority of
the bouse to close with two such resolutions a session
commenced with such fair nnd faithful professions of
neutrality in President Jackson s Message of 8th
During the recess between that session of congress
and the one which commenced in December 1836
President Jackson vigorously pursued his measures
to ascertain the political military and civil condition
of Texas. He pursued also at the sime time his
negotiations to obtain from Mexico the crssion not
only of Texas but of an immense territory besides
extending to the Pacific Ocean and including the
port of San Francisco. . At the same lime his neutra-
lity between Mexico and Texas was manifested quite
characteristically by expressly authorising General
Gaines to invade Mexico and take post at INacog
doches under the absnrd pretence of a fear that the
fugitive remnant of Mexicans from the held of San
Jacinto were stimulating the Comanche Indians to
invade the territory ot the United btatcs; which
movement of General Gaines was performed in per-
fect harmony with those of the Tennessean commarj-
t -t-.rr.t- nt r ti .
Qci in cniei oi me i csau uiiny uenerai nuusion.
This act of.flagrant war by order of a president of
the United States trampling at once upon Iheir con
stitution which reserves to congress alone the right of
declaring war and upon the territorial rights oi Mex-
ico was met by the most earnest and persevering re-
monstrances from the minister of Mexico in the
United States till wearied out by the paltering shuf-
fling equivocating diplomacy of Wasnington city he-
demanded his passports and went home leaving be-
hind him an indignant exposure of the whole pro-
ceeding) which the Jackson cabinet was not ashaimd
to hold up as itself a grievous oflence against the
In the mean time President Jackson sent a special
agent into Texas to ascertain the political military
and civil condition ot that r public. At the com
mencement of the next sessio'n of congress in the
annual message he delivered a sanctimonious homi-
ly on the solemn obligations of the United States to
preserve their neutrality in the conflict between
Mexico nnd Texas and was quite scandalized at the
testy humor of the Mexican minister. Gorostizn for
demanding his passports and departing because to
his complaints of the unprovoked and wanton inva
sidn of .the Mexican territory he. had received no
thing but insulting and prevaricating answers and
this captious temper of the nlixican minister was the
more unaccountable because be knew that General
Gaines had received a reprimand from the secretary
of war for executing his instructions ordering him
to cross the boundary of the Sabine and occupy Na
A fortnight later President Jackson on the 22d
December 1 836 sent a message to the house of repre
sentatives communicating the reports ot the special
agent Henry M. Morfit on his mission to ascertain
the 'condition of Texas. The message enlarged with
great earnestness upon the inexpediency of recogniz-
ing the independence of Texas insisting that the
measure would be contrary to the policy invariably
observed by the United States in all similxr cases un-
til that time that it would be marked with great in
justice to Mexico and peculiarly liable to the darkest
J -- T I .L- Tl . -II
Suspicions inasujucii us uic i cimis ncicaiiuusi an
emigrants from the United States and sought the re-
cognition of their independence with the avowed pur-
poseof obtaining their annexation to the United States
Honor honesty fair dealing and a regard for nation-
al faith' and national fame all concurred according to
this message absolutely to forbid at that time Ihj
acknowledgment by the United S. tales of Tejtos as an
Bui during the brief remnant of time between the
communication of the message to this house and
the close of the session which brought to a final
close the powers of Andrew Jackson as president of
the United States be was busily engaged in the dou-
ble operation of negotiating for the cession of Texas
to them through the joint agency of his friend ihe
Tennessean president of Texas Houston and the cap-
tive president of Mexico Santa Anna andjHkdling
up a war between that same Mexico anlHunited
States. The war was a preliminary steprothe ac-
quisition of Texas by conquest and the voluntary co-
operation of the people of Texas themselves without
rcach'ng the acknowledgement of their independence;
and the liberation of Santa Anna from his captivity.
during which he had been held in constant terror of
being butchered in cold blood was nnaliy conceded
on condition that he should come to Washington and
pledge to Jackson all his influence to secure the ces-
sion by Mexico of Texas to the United States. He
came accordingly.to Washington; nnd on the 8th of
February 1837 President Jackson sent a thunder-
ing war messsge against Mexico recommending to
congress to pass an act authorizing reprisals nnd the
use of the naval force by the executive against Mexi-
co to enable them (the executive) in the event of "the
refusal by the Mexican government to come to an
amicable adjustment of the matters in controversy
between us. upon another demand thereof made from
on board one of our vessels of war on tho coast of
Mexico." This mode of enabling the executive to
come to an amicable adjustment of controversies with
a foreign nation was no other than a demand upon
congress to authorise them to makewarupon Mexico
without any declaration at all. Who them was did
not annear on the face of the message: but as its.
author was about to cldsc his career as president of
the United Stntej and Martin Van Buren was al-
ready proclaimed his successor for a i-:n of four
Years if congress had granted them lie power re-
rpiested in the message Ih'e execuiMn nf it would
hardU' have been undertaken bv Mr. Vnn Buren.
The obsequious committees of foreign afrarrs in
both houses of congress echoedback- all the thun
ders of the w-tr message against Mexico without
lisping a word about the constitutional exclusive
prerogative of congress to declare war. But cor-
gress did not pass" an act to authorise them to issue
reprisals nor to use tho navy of the United States
nor to proffer an amicable adjustment of differences
from the deck of a man-of-war on the Mexican coast
The committee of foreign aflairj of the" house re-
porica a resolution mat the independence of the re-
public of Texas ought to be acknowledged but it found
no lavor witn tne house it was laid on the table.
Three other resolutions to the samc.efFect offered by
inuiviuuai memoers irom tne slave representation
were discarded in the same way but in the last hour
Qfthat session of congress and of the presidency of
Anurevr jacKson an amendment to the general ap-
propriation bill of the year moved by the member
from South Carolina now minister of the U.Slatesto
Mexico made an.apcronriaiion -'forthe outfit and
salary of a diplomatic agent to be sent to the republic
oi i exas whenever Hie Prtsideut of the U. State
may receive satisfactory evidence that Texas is an
independent power nnd shall deem it cxnedient to
appoint such minister." President Jackson approved
and signed the bill containing thiiitem of appropria-
tion and at the same instant sent fo the senate a nomi-
nation of a charge d'aflairs to the republic of Texas
which was instantly advised and consented to by the
amuir unu mug u was mat tne independence of the
republic of Texas was recognized by the United States.
mt ;..i .i.. ..." i... '":t"":7r r -
... . "'"; .'."' '"" ""' ucmccu mc presiucnt s maintain has maintained it as a duty to be discharg-
signmg the bill and his nomination of the diplomatic cd.
agent for him to receive the satisfactory evidence that ' That the Santa Fe expedition originated and was
I exas was an independent power and what had be- concerted within these States there can be no doubt
come of the solemn moral obligation of the U. States probably in the State of T.nncssec. That it was
to observe a rigerous neutrality between Mexico and known countenanced and encouraged at the Presi-
I exas so emphatically asserted in the opening mes dential house is more than suspected. For while it
snge ot the session and so urgentlv recommended in wunn fnm .! ic- ;...-. i t . u.-.
the message of 2nd Deceit ber ISdO.you are felt to
judge and I Ieav cyou to judge with what face the U.
btatescan boast of their amicable treatment of Mexi- nexation of Texas was to be introduced by a citizen
CO or of the fair dealing of their government with of the highest distinction. The legislatures of Tcn-her-
i . n.esiei Alabama- Mississippi Louisiana South Caro-
Butthe great work the slave breeding conspiracy lina and even Kentucky actually brought the Pan-
againat the freedom of the north of which nullifkn- dora's box again before "Congress and the total fac-
tion and the forty bale theory formed one d:vision'ure ofthc Santa Fe expedition with the early discom-
Texas and the dismemberment of Mexico another i fittire of the war faction in Congress discarded again
was but half consumnted by the closing act'of Jack- for the moment and only for the moment the project
son s administrhtion I he controlling obiect of this
whele system of policy was. and yet is. to obtain a'
nursery of slave holding states to break down forever
fit- .j5ct.11.1nrH power oi eue iree states ana to tortiiy Washington in this incursion of banditti from Texas
beyond all possibility of reversal the institution nf against Santa Fe and that it was organised for the tx-
slavery Theday aftertheappointmentofthecharge press purpose of provoking a war betwceiithc United
d'.ilTiius to the republic of Texas Mr. Van Buren a States nnd Mexico is evidenced not only by the unjus-
northein imn with southern principles assumed the ftifiable tone ofmenace assumed by this administration
functions of President of the United Stales. The re- in demanding the release ofthc citizens ofthc United
cognition ofthc independenccpf Texas availed noth
ingand was much worse than nothing without her
annexation to the Unued States.
Mr. Van Bur en's administration commenced with
a call fora special 'session of Congiess and on the 3d
of October 1837 he communicated in answer to a
resolutionol rnouirv Irom the Hnnp nf Kt.nrvcmf.-.-'rlpni'
lives a report from the Secretary of State John For
syth ol a correspondence with Memucan Hunt envoy
extraordinary -and Minister plenipotentiary of the Re-
public of Texas containing the formal proposition for
her annexation to the United States and the answer
of Mr Van Buren declining it.
But the slave breeding passion for the annexation
wns not to be so disconcerted. At the ensuing session
of Congress namerotis petitions and memorials for
and against the annexation were presented to the
House and with resolutions of the State legislatures
of Alabama Tennessee mid Mississippi in favor of
the annexation and of Vermont R. Island Massa
chusetis Ohio and M-chigan against it were re-
ferred to the committee on foreign affairs who. with First a sum of one hundred thousand dollars todc-
out ever taking them into consideration towards the fray the exncnscsof the Judicial Courts ofthc United
. .V..3. i ..it owo.v.. u:u iu ut uuiiuijiu Hum mc i
consideration of them all. It wason thi; report tbsl J
mIsa r t hu AueiSMi aelcjr1 In V.A (4iAhnarru1 trrwn Ha
the debate arose in whicS I exposed Ine whole sys-
tem of duplicity and psrfidy towards Mexico vvhich
iind marked the Jackson administration from its com
mencement to its close.
It silenced the- clamors for the annexation of Texas
to this union for three years till tbe catastrophe of the
Van Buren administration. The people of the free
States were lulled into the belief that the whole pro
ject was abandonedand that they should hear no more
of slave trade cravings for the annexation ol J exas.
Had Harrison lived they would have heard no more
nf them to this day but no sooner was John Tyler
installed in the President's house than nullification
and Texas and war with Mexico rose again upon the
surface with eye steadily fixed upon the polar star of
southern slave-dealing supremacy in tne government
of the union.
Very shortly after the accession of Mr. Tyler in
the summer of 1841 after three years interval and
numerous givings out of the aversion of tho Texians
to being annexed to the United States a military ex-
pedition was then fitted out by the President of Tex-
as against the Mexican city of Santa Fe at the head
of the Rio Bravo. They marched in battle array
and altbough until it met with disaster scarcely
known or.noticed in this part of the count! y it was so
well known in those south western Slates bordering
on Texas that this invasion was carried on chiefly
by citizens of these United States even now profes
sing to hold with Mexico the friendly intercourse of
peace. Had the expedition been against the city of
Philadelphia and General Jackson had been called
out in command of a militia corps to intercept them
and on intercepting them had found nmomg them
one or two hundred of British subjects fresh from the
Bahama Island his disposal of Arbuthnot and Am-
bristcr furnishes conclusive evidence of what Ac
would have deemed the rightful exercise of the laws
of wsr with regard to them lie would have given
t'.iem the formality of n court martial and then have
hung them up on the first tree as warning to British
subjects notto meddle with the quarrels of their neigh-
bors. The Texan expedition wns ill starred in-
stead of taking nnd rioting upon the beauty and boo-
ty of Santi Fe.thiy werr captured themselves with-
imtcvenlhe glr.ry of putting a price upon their lives.
They surrendrri-d without firing n grn. I he admin
i . -. ... . . . i i i tt ..
ptraucn ct h nmi-'pn nai rnvire : jii in
barefaced neutrality without moving'a finger or u:-
teringa word to control tt; but the instantlhe expedi-
tion was prostrated in ignominious defeat" vVas rous-
ed by messenger aftei messenger and convulsed with
agitation calling for the vindictive arm of the nation;
to shed tte blood of war to rescue these ruffian from'
the captivity into which ihcy had fallen or to bullv
the Mexican government into the free release of nil'
this lawless- banditti. They undertook it and they
sueccefed. Santa Anna whom weare all accustomed'
to reyile as a monster of human erueltv. caused theriV
all to be released with a gentle warning to them and' -their
countrymen not to be caught again in repeatine
the same experin ent; while the present President of
Texas the Tennessean victor of San Jacinto issue "
proclamations and letters of instructions and grants
promises of hnds to his recruiting officers at New
Orleans and raues regiments ol Uncle Sam's chil-
dren for another invasion of Mexico; and while the
guardian of this nation's neutrality slumb-rs in the
palace at Washington and the spirit and argumenta-
tion of diplomacy are circulated to demonstrate be-
fore the public opinion of civilized men.'the fairness.
and equity and generosity of all our political inter-
course with the Republic of Mexico.
Mycountrymen rely upon it there is now even'
now in the political relations of your administration
at Washington with Mexico anoSwith Texas treach-
ery to your interests eifthc deepest dye. I mean not'
to implicate ih this censure the Secretary of Slate
whose official correspondence on this subject is mark-
ATI tviln nil lie no I lislitt A tfhA ! . iU.T. -.
1 "":""-- """"J """"" "'"s a '" u
were given in public journals moved by executive
impulses that at the ensuintr winter sesiion. ihan-
lo which southern nullification clins with ihr-nmn
J The scent participation of your administration at
States taken prisoners in arms upon this marauding
expedition nor yet only by the enormously extrava-
gant increase both of the army and navy urgently
recommended to congress in the reports of both tho
secretaries of war and of the navy at the commence-
mant of the session contemporaneous with the presi-
n-illmm t il. l..nl . I:.: r .t- .
dent's waitings at the bankrupt condition of the trea
sury ananisiudicrcus recommendations of economy
and retrenchment of the public expenditures; but 'I
will now tel 1 you of another legislative exploit achiev-
ed in the last hilf hour of the late session of Congress
to make you my constituents pay with your money
for this blustering rescue of American citizens from
the punishment which they had incurred for warring
against Mexico under the banners of Texas.
Tow-arsis the close of the la'.e session a treaty had
been concluded with the Wyandot tribe of Indians
vvhich required an appropriation of money to be car-
ried into execution. A bill for that purpose was in
troduced into the Senate: and what think vou
tacked to it while on its passage through that body
cmie. in in? year
At a proceeding
proceeding period of the session Congress in
a paroxysm of retrenchment and reform had curtail-
ed this sum of one hundred thousand dollars from the
sum proposed by the Committee of Ways and Means
for the? expenses of the Judicial Courts m the general
civil and diplomatic appropriation bilL When the
motion for retrenching this hundred thousand dollars
was made the Chairman of the Committee of Ways
and Means Millard Fillmore one of the ablest most
faithful and fairest minded men with whom it has
been my fortune to serve in public life remonstrated
against the reduction and urged the indispensable ne-
cessity of the appropriation to defray the unavoidable
expenses of the courts in the administration of justice .
but he spoke in vain. The cry ror retrenchment
drowned his voice and the appropriation was reduc-
ed. But now just at the close of the session it wa3
found that unless the appropriation was restored the
judicial courts could not be held and justice herself
would be at a stand. So the notable device was resor-
ted to in the Senate of inserting this rettenched hun-
dred thousand dollars as an amendment to the bill
for defraying the expenses of the Wyandot Treaty
and it was so introduced was adopted by both houses
of Congress approved and signed by the President
ofthc United States and is now the law of the land.
You remember fellow citizen? that the main stny
of President Tyler's reasons for his veto of the first
tariff bill was that it connected together tieo different
subjects; and you have not fotgotlen the display of
argument by which he proved how uncenctitutional
and how inadmissible it was thai Congress should
send to him for his approval andsignature a bill cm-
bracing two different subjects. Can ycu discovcrnny
congruity not to say identity of subject b- tw cen apprc-
priationsto defray the expenses of a Treaty with the
Wyandots and for defraying the expenses of the judi-
cial comts? Ytt President Tyler approved and aigncit
the bill without even depositing in the department of
State his reasons against it. But tho second tack to
the Wyandot Treaty appropriation bill wasa sum of
six thousand dollars" if so much should be needed to
defray the expenses of the legation of the United
States in Mexi:o. in maintaining supporting and
sending home thccitLwns of the United Stales taken
prisoners in aggressive war against Mexico under
colors ina trading i.xpceliiiem to take possession of
Sai.td Fo linpirv ii iK.utr.tli' ' mimr!!:- : i".
lii t.. M. v '
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 14, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 10, 1842, newspaper, December 10, 1842; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80465/m1/1/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.