The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 16, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 24, 1842 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NORTHERN STANDARD.
CHAS. DE MORSE
LONG SHALL OUR BANNER BRAVE THE BREEZE THE STANDARD OF THE FREE.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
CLARKSVILLE TEXAS DECEMBER 24 1842.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY C. DE MORSE
The Northern Standard ii published every Saturday
at fire dollars per annum in advance oraeven dollars at the
end ol the year.
Advertisements will be inserted at one dollar per square
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sertion. Eight lines or under n.il be considered a square.
Yearly advertisements not exceeding eight lines trill be
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tisements. Personal altercations when admissible charged double
the usual rates.
No advertisement of any description inserted unless paid
for in advance.
Z3" All advertisements unless the cumber rf insertions is
specified'' will be continued until forbid and charged accord-
ingly. All letters to the Editor connected with the business of the
. paper must be post paid or they will not be received.
' jy Exchequer BUls received at par.
AGENTS FOR THE STANDARD.
Travis G. Wright P. M.. Pine Creek.
Samcel M. Fulton P. M. Franklin Lamar Co.
John R. Craddocx Paris. Lamar Co.
J. W. XV. Stani-ifi-D P. M. Harmon Co.
Jtssc Shelton P. M. Fort Shelton Lamar Co.
Bailey English P. M Fort English Fannin Co:
f). Rowlett P. M Lexington Fannin Co.
J. G. Jouett P. M. Raleigh Fannin Co.
J. J Wiluahs P. M. De Kalb Bowie Co.
Gen. E. H. Tarrant Bowie Co.
A. Sterne P.M. Nacogdoches.
Travis G. Brooks P. M- San Auguitirie.
T. R. Bagbt Houston.
Col. Wm. L. Caxneac Austin Travis County.
A. McDonald Huntsrille Montgomery County.
Col. G. T. Wood Liberty.
John XV. Harrison La Grange.
B F. Ioh"son Washington.
Sam'l B. Bricham Matagorda.
C. Ettzr Fulion. Arkansas.
Charles Hood Eq. Washington Ark.
Berrt St Tankxhill Nashville Tenn.
Col. D. P. Armstrong Knoxville Tenn.
L. S. HncCBToH Vicksbure Miss.
Jamcs Harrison Esq. St. Louis Missouri.
G. C. Gooding. P.M.. Fort Towson.
Wm. Davenport Caddo ParMi. Louisiana.
From Blackwood's Magazine.
Circassia may be best described as one vast moun-
tain of nearly 700 miles long and 100 broad with its
back to the Caspian and its front to the Euxine.
This position nearly determines the character of its
clinnte intolerably hot in the valleys in summer and
intolerably cold on the mountain tops in winter ; yet
exhibiting almost tropical luxuriance in the more
sheltered parts and displaying in all seasons that rich-
ness and vastness of landscape which belong to Al-
)Iin. cotir.tii'S. TLIs position probably determines
too the eh-iractci of the peoplp. The inhabitants of
bill countries hive always had a bolder individual
temperament ih:in those of the plains though they
have nearly always been ultimately subdued by the
people of the pkitis; evidently on the principle that
united force is rure to conquei in the end while the
disunion of mountain tribes always mmkethe m a prey
in succession. Where they have the good sense to
n.akc common cause the result his been of another
order; and the Swiss have often made their invaders
rue the hour when they trode the rough soil of the
Circassia from time to time has greatly varied its
nominal boundaries: but its -eal aredefinca by nature.
Its i-xact northern limit is now the steppe along the
livrr Kuban. Georgia closes it on the south: Daghis-
tan a region as rude as itself but much more sterile
marks its extent eastward and its west coast continu-
ally borders the Black Sea. All semi:barbarians
imagine thimselves the original possessors of the
soil though they may not like the Athenians de-
clare thimselves to be raised from acorns that hap-
py hit was reserved for the civilized. But whatever
might have been the primal savages of this wild re-
gion its possessors at a very early period were just
as might be expected from its locality between two
spas and two fertile and populous countrus a mis-
cellany of thieves slaves pirates and plunderers. By
their little boats they performed in the Black Sea the
sime feats which the Scandinavians in their ships
ft performed on the waters that wash Europe. The
reign of robbery lasted until they came in contact
with a master of the trade. Rome suffering no rival
in the art of rapine tauhtthem the morality of which
she herself was so indifferent a practitioner and the
Circassians under a hundred various names weieall
sent to hool by the Roman sword. We hasten out
of this classic period which generally makes up for
its classicality by its dulness and stride down a dozen
centuries without any remorse leaving Lucnllus
and Mithridates to settle their claims to the merits of
which had sent the greater numbers of the moun-
taineer chiefs to Elysium and caring no more for
the exploits of that rather overrated person Pompey
than for the pacific spirit of the Czar Nicholas him-
self. The modern history of the Circassians begins with
the descent of the Turks upon the tottering strength
cf the Greek empire. The Turk drove the Greek
before him as the hound drives the deer and with
nearly the same result. The Greek was fortunate
if he escaped being eaten np on the spot and if he did
so. it was only to be devoured at 1 isure. But the
business of the Turkoman was hot to waste his time
k in driving hardy savagis to the necessity of dying
with swords in their hands; he had a more attractive
irarae in robbing the easily robbed Greek and a
landscape more congenial to his tnste in the shades of
the olive groves and vineyards of Ionia or the cool
and lovely shores of the sea of Marmora and the
Mediterranean. Not taking the trouble to fight the
mountaineers for the possession of rocks he establish-
td a traffic with them for their daughters; and this
lingular European slave trade has lasted nearly un-
broken for four hundred years; and startling as it is
and ought to be to European feelings it is the only
slave trade since the Deluge that has been popular
with both parties. The Circassian parents rear hand
some daughters for exportation as farmers rears
calves and chickens. But the daughters themselves
are not merely consenting parties they look forward
to their saleas preferment speculate upon it for years
fceforehand: and. in case of failure suffer pretty much
the chagrin of a candidate for place who finds that
' wither country city nor borough will allow him to
insinuate his claims to be purchased by the best bid-
der. The whole coast of the Black Sea and the
neighboring countries of Georgia and perhaps in
earlier days Armenia wrethe nursery ef these sul-
tana slaves; but their style of beauty was different.
The Circassian living in the mountains had the ge-
neral fairness of the mountain but frequently the
mould of the Tartar countenance; the Georgian liv-
ing more to the south was more a daughter of the
sun her features were Asiatic; and the magnitude
of the Georgian eye and the richness of the Georgian
complexion and the grace of the Georgian form
were the theme of all the bards of Constantinople.
The Circassian however found admirers for her
snowy physiognomy: and the question of beauty still
like all the other " great questions" of the earth re
mains undecided. It is to the credit ol the Kussian
government and it is its only title to credit in these
countries that it has discountenanced this unwar-
rantable trade wherever it could; and the Turks com-
plain bitterly of the interposition. The Russian
claim to Circassia rests upon what it calls the
Turkish possession of the country made over by
the treaties which concluded the last war. But the
Turks could not give what they had not got and
the consequence has been a bitter succession of
skirmishes; for their operations are seldom more
than shooting at each other from behind bushes and
walls but with a perpetual loss of life and an inces-
sant drain of Russian gold. The Turk certainly
could not have left a more vexatious legacy to his
enemy nor the Russian have more experimentally
felt the awkwardness of u catching a Tartar."
The Circassians were evidently independentthrough-
ou'. the whole long period from the fall oftho Greek
empire to the supremacy of the Turkish Even then
the acknowledgment was but trifling it was the kind
of acknowledgment which mountaineers with arms
in their hands pay to a power whose severities they
defy whose exactions they refuse but whose al-
liance they allow to far as it is convenient. About
1774 they allowed the Turks to build two forts
Anapa and Sangjank Koli on their shore but sim-
ply as depots for merchandize and to protect the
dealers from being robbed by the more lawless por-
tion of their community. But the clant kept up
their independence in the old way by showing
themselves ready to do battle for it whenever there
were any symptoms of its molestation A Turkish
tax gathelfer who ventured to " raise the supplies" a
league kevopil the forts was sure t be shot or flung
down some precipice; and the Turks were soon so
fully informed on the subject that the attempt was
made no more. Even for their little show of so-
vereignty they paid a handsome price. The Paaha
received from his government 130000 piastre and
all the customs a decent 50.000 more of which
the greater part was spent on the spot. Some ol
the leading families were pensioners on the Porte;
and in this half amicable half warlike style the
Pasha contrived to live from year to year the
nominal governor of a country in which he could
command nothing beyond the range of his guns.
But the war of 1829 and the treaty of Adrianople
which finished it produced another state of things;
and the "government of all the Russias" compelled
the signature of the sultan to a "new map of Circas-
sia" by which "a line was to be drawn from Port
St. Nicolo on the Black Sea to follow the frontier of
Georgia thence traverse the province ot Akkisba
and strike the point where Akkisha and Kara are
united to the province of Georgia." The Russian
government thereby was to nave all the rights pos-
S'sstd by She Turkish over Circassia. The rights
were but little and the war has made them less; and
we cordially hope that the finale of the contest will
be that in Russian hands they will be of an infi
nitesimal order. The Russians however are not
without their pious reasons on the subject. As the
Inquisition hanged and burned for the good of
men's souls the Russians shoot and bayonet for
the good of their bodies. Their purpose is to ex-
tinguish so melancholy a stain on civilization as
the Circassian slave trade. They have philanthro-
pic battalions and batteries of conversion are all
Wilberforces horse foot and dragoons and extin-
guish barbarism in the style that a pestilence carries
away other disease.
Yet in all this we have no idea that Nicholas is
either a barbarian or a man of blood. But he sits on
a despotic throne; and the infinite misfortune of sitting
on such a throne is that while it gives full play
to all the bad passions it lies up all the good -We
question whether if Nicholas withdrew his
troops from Circassi to day he would not have a
brace of bullets in his forehead to-morrow lhe
Russian is determined on conquest no matter where.
He has set bis mind upon Circassia as the high
road to Persia on the one side and Constantinople
on the other and on them only as the starting
points to something else to India on the one side
and Germany on the other. If he had these the
bear would lay one claw on China and the other on
England. By that time the Isthmus ol Darien would
be cut through; for Russia though sure is slow and
moves at the rate of a hundred years an empire.
America and Australia would be the next grasp and
then she would have nothing left to finish her meal
but Otaheite and Gumsey and Jersey hard little
morsels but Russia is more of the ostrich than the
The possession of Circassia captivates the eye of
the Kussian Cabinet in more ways than one. it
is in the first place important to the conquest of
the whole Ivixine; which would be important to tne
eapture of the city of the Constantines the old ob-
ject of Russian ambition. In the next place its pos
session is important to authority over Georgia which
in its turn is important to the Russian impression on
Persia which again is important to the means of
alarming John Bull every hall dozen years :or
the fate of India. The Russian never expects to
cocquer or at least to keep Pen ia which is one of
the most sterile wretched and cheerless countries of
the earth; but while it helps him to startle the sen-
niiwnm nf F.niland for her Indian dominions it
accomplishes a very favorite object of the Polar
monarch and enables him to keep us at arms
length at the expense of a fe-w paper bullets and a
i a iL. !.dmmihln ran.
protocol now and then nung into me ---
ire of Downing street.
Erin the war is made to answer a purpose; Rus
sia no longer sends her growling officers to Siberia;
she finds a shorter destination for them and a surer
one in the Circassian hills. They are sent to exert
their energies on the shortest notice against the
mountaineers ; and their discontents in one way or
the other trouble them no more. Still this war is
a vast evil to Russia; and no hostilities in which she
has been engaged in Europe have cost her during
the last fifty years more blood and treasure than
the obscure useless and dishonorable hostilities of
Uircassia. Disease confinement and vexation make
desperate havoc among the little garrisons shut up in
valleys thick with malaria living on salt provisions
and without any resource in exercise occupation or
the healthful use of the adjoining country. At last
they suddenly feel that they have something to do.
They are roused at midnight by an assault of the
natives see the active mountaineers scaling their
walls and pouring down upon them strugglp in vain
and are cither slain or marched prisoners up the
mountains. The" forts are destroyed. A new Rus-
sian army is sent from Sebastopol the forts are re-
built; they are garrisoned again with the unfortunate
serfs of the Autocrat; they go through th same
round as their predecessors are attacked slain- or
carried off and the forts reduced to ashes arc raised J
from their ashes again. 1 he country north of the
Kuban and tbelain ot the Kubarda are the only
territory which may be regarded as in possession of
the Russians. But even this possession is liable 'to
perils which compel the Russians to perpetual vigi-
lance: piquets are stationed at every half mile across
the plains of the Kubarda lo Daricl from which
military posts continue almost uninterruptedly to
Tiflis. This road is of great importance as it inter
sects the Caucasian chain almost in the centre and
thus separates the forces of the Caucasians and the
Lesghians. cut even in this portion the attacks
of the mountaineers are so formidable that strong
escorts with cannon are frequently required to keep
the communication open. The force required for
Circassia is large not lets than 40000 men and the
mortality from sickness still more than from the
sword is very great. Continual reinforcements arc
sent and yet the general force does not become more
The war if war it might be called had lingered
through ten year in a succession of skirmishes
when suddenly it assumed another form. A pln ot
operations was concerted among the Circassian
chieis. some aegrec oi unanimity in tneir purpose
was produced by the presence of several distinguish-
ed officers who had led from the failure of the Polish I
insurrection and the Russians were attacked in a sue-!
cession of assaults on their armed posts with general
success this change in the character ot hostilities
first awoke the Court of St. Petersburg lathe weak-
ness of its system ; a determination was adopted to
crush the resistance by a lavish display of force asd
35.000 men were sent with all haste to repossess
themselves of the lost ground and rebuild the forts.
This they performed and this was all. The Circas-
sians retired only to await another opportunity and
the war is no more likely now to close than it was in
its firsi year.
To give a single instance of these gallant displays:
On one of the wild nights of February 1840 the
peasantry appointed to the attack of the Russian fort
Scubashce came down from the hills at midnight
and remained in the neighborhood of the fort con
cealed. A little before morning a small company of
them ascended the rampart threwtheraselves on the
guard at the gate opened it and let in their comrades.
The resistance was easily overpowered sickness to a
considerable extent having disabled the garrison.
The Circassians however w ere not inclined to rest
contented with trephies so rapidly acquired; carrying
with them the field guns and ammunition of Souba-
shee they immediately advanced against the much
stronger garrison oi wicnnmon raisea a cattery ei-
fected a breach and took the piate by assault sword
in hand. They thus captured five forts in succession
one of which Abya had a garrison of 800 men.
The quantity ot stores of all kinds taken in this short
but showy campaign was great: and to it the natives
are chiefly indebted for being able to carry on the
war. The storms of the Black Sea too are good
auxiliaries in this point of view; the Russian store-
ships a&d vessel? of war are sometimes stranded and
their guns and ammunition are instantly converted to
good purpose. Thousands of brave subjects of the
Czar thus perished who might have been employed
in cultivating the wastes of Russia a country which
is certainly not over-peopled. Wretchedness to a
melancholy extent must be the attendant of this per
pctual war to the unfortunate Circassians however
successful in the field: and for what purpose is all
this suffering of both? Simply to add new territory
to an empire already almost boundless to give a
rango of sterile mountains to the sovereign o! endless
deserts to give new slaves to the sovereign ol OU.UUU-
000 of slaves and to add the Caucasus to Tartary
and make the power a:curscd in Circassian which is
already exposed to constant conspiracy moreor less
open in au reiersourg.
Glass Waistcoats The very ingenious dis-
covery of working glass into a substance resembling
the richest silk is now being brought into very gen-
eral operation and in various ways such as gentle-
men's waistcoats' and stocks dresses and many other
articles of decorations in the most splendid patterns.
It is superior even to silk in flexibility and softness
and the durability of it (a point however of no con
sideration with the neb among whom at present it
exclusively is) as a mailer of coure vastly superior.
In process of time when the manufacture has arrived
at a more perfect state and all defects remedied and
all its wastings discovered it will probably come
within reach of most classes of society; but at present
its cost is its only drawback. The magnificence of
its appearance is quite remarkable and when used in
any considerable quantity such as window curtains
&c. it should be seen before a just appreciation of its
richness and elegance can be entertained.
A KovLiV.-The inmates of an Insane Asylum at J
Bratleboro' Vt have commchced the publication of a
new weekly hewsnaDercalled the "Asylum Journal
Those only "whom the majority of mankind consider
insane are requested to lurnisn comrnunicuiions mi
- wid papsr.
Sketch of Mexico.
The City of Mexico. Matters in relation to New
Spain and its gorgeous capital are every day rising in
interest; so we have drawn out an old pencil note-
book again and the mail conveniently staying away
yesterday we found time to scratch up the present
The most impressive notion thai strikes a new tra-
veller while progressing through the large cities of
icxieo is tne inotainste thirst ol cold that does still.
and always must have cnaractenzed therulersand
priesthood of the country. While a great mass ofthc
population are in actual poverty re'gmg on starva-
tion the churches and palaces are gorged with wealth
and treasure. The tyranny of the old conquerors is
also still alive and the rv'serahly degraded state to
which the poor aborigines have been reduced and in
which the pauper portion of even the Mexicans them-
selves exist is truly pi iable.
Much has been written about the mild climate of
Mexico and little is left to say of it that would not as-
sume the appearance of repetition Yet the traveller
benpaih those sunny skies can scr.rcely repress a dis
position to record his emotions iloncca pen comes
brtween his fingTs; and indeed it would be difficult I
the most poitic far.cv to !ic too warn and
upon lhe sub-ret. I-ire places ami stoves
are no common lk-in5Kithc citv of Mexico and hoin-'
is are built unburn thought of such a provision as a
cnimnev. t-ooiing isuune out or uoors.'in the streets
and yards and a daily spectacle in the public squares
is oesigcrs anu oiner.? w:tn small lurnaces preparing
furnaces preparing !
tneir scanty are lor use. 1 his lact shows emphati-
cally the nature of the climate.
The great capital is situated in a broad end bcauti-
ful plain encompassed by gigantic mountains to the
summits of which the eye is continually roving; the
bold contriist of nature's stupendous work with the
domes and steeples below irresistibly forcing wonder
and admiration upon the mind. Regarding the city a mixture ol gum shellac alcohol and Venice tur-
itself the traveller will not always form favorable im- pe-JUne and extending through tight corks ia one side
pressions when first beholding it and in fact those' of the box having apiece of platina vire extending
who have indulged in excitement over warm descrip i between them in the box amongst the gunpowder and
tions of the country arc very apt to be striken with the tw0 copper wires extending off from this box
the chillncssof disappointment. Nor is even a sojourn I whIch ma? be anchored in the channel of a river to
of some weeks sufficient to change this frame ofsenti-. R IarSc one of Grant's Electricity Collecting Ma-
menu It lingers open you and is likely to remain ' chnes electrified by a galvanic battery which may
vour strongest bent'of feeling when you leave h is be seven or eight miles distant trom the box and
certainly true that there are manv buildinqs mostly . whc the operator is having one of the wires m his
public however-churcbes convents monasteries and hand. read' t0 atlach them t0 he collector the instant
so forth of great and striking propoitions which never the signal is given to explode the box. Now when
fUil inrmst tho ndnrnitnn nf ih .tinner-- iii 't i. 'an enemy's vessel is over the box. and the wiresare
more from their antiquated style ofstructure'than any
thing like real architectural elegance. These build-
mtr rrn mnsilv nlH nrvl nlrMl rotnirLnMfl fXr rpn.
erabloappearance though thcyarcall likely to stand
as long again and longer for their durability tvculd
seem really to defy the progress of time. The old
out the city giving rich novelty at any rate to the
eye oi tne ur.er.can visiter ar.u making iswseene
quaint snd picturesque. The houses are all similar
in construction being of stone and very seldom vary-
ing in fashion. This sameness however is another
point coming in contradiction with the romantic fea-
tures of the city which we have just mentioned and
its effect is materially to rner the pleasure of the trav-
eller. The general appearance of every thing in the
way of architecture is massive and but little of gran-
deur is to be found save in the interiors of the churches
and palaces while real elegance is to be seen nowhere.
A heavy and sombre effect is produced by the ancient.
style '.f stiiiciurc. In the houses the floors arc of tile
or common brick and the stranger will not fail to
observe immediately the absence of fire-places.
The streets are but roughly paved and none ot
them are at all over cleanly. They are not planned
with side-iralks and gutters as ours are but slope
downwards from each side to the center where there
is generally a covered drain. By far the greater por-
tion of the throughfaresare neglected and our pen
shrinks from description of the filth and wretched-
ness to be found in some of them.
Mexico lies in the heart of the mountains high in
the torrid region seven thousand four hundred and 40
feet above the sea; and here in a vast valley overtop-
ped by the huge Cordillera of the South sits the
capital of New Spain. It is a great city and one
whose destinies both of old and to come ore now
more than ever engaging theattention of surrounding
nations. Strange and semi-baibarous as has been the
history of the country through its career until tnis
time the next ten or fifteen years promise even a more
eventful record. Fiercer days than those of the
Spanish invader seem likely to gloom over the land
and a deadlier fichl than vith Montezuma's people
mav vet be storied of the new Castilians and their
The Dooulition of the city is now called one hun
.Ired and seventy thousand: at least it was so estimat
P r- . ... ?.Anns4 trt (no nilen
ea when oania Anna was (jauuuucu .v.
with many troopsaround him. Yet to see the swarms
nf human beinM that almost constantly throng the
stretts a natural impression arises that the number
must be much greater. Many composingthisecrowds
however are not residents in the city but wander
about the country in all directions having homes
nowhere. One of the most distinct and at the same
time rcvoltinc features ofthecity.is its numerousand
TPtrhvl nniiner oonulatioii. All cities have Oeir
better classes certainly and even Mexico has hers
hut thP nrc secluded and seldom seeis- bv strangers.
The intellisent Mexicans deeply reprobate the idle
ness rascality sloth and other vices ot the poor mass
nml will freeJv so exnrcss themselves to Americans
but vast and mighty convulsions must shake the na
tion before ever a betict state ol things win oo orougni
r.rimn nrpvails atiioncthenovcrty stricken wretches
toafrightful extent Thefts.robberics.andcvcanur-
ders. are of nightly and sometimes daily occurrence.
Two or more aeaa ooaies may uc arai u...w- j
morning exposed at the dead-house victims o! assas-
sination during the night Horses are stolen impu-
dently in daylight in the public streets and persons
. . J - . . 0 i -i-.u: -ImAei with im.
robbed ct ineir money ar.u cioiuiug ...-
v II J.n ipiiniinrsirnm
. . ' nscas anj iepr0s of Mexico
pumty. Heaven prcseiTeau mwm nu.v..k
w h mrrn nil the snace wo can afford to this
sketch and yet have scarcely touched upon half the
points that interest us Picnyvn:
I rinters Looking up. A journeyman prin-
ter by the name of Kelly is a candidate fo? the Penn-
sylvania Legislature from the Philadelphia district."
lhe above paragraph is from the Philadelphia
baturday Courier and to our notion it is peculiarly
neb. Printers looking unl Well as Add;..
in one of his incomparable cssav3. "that nntimmt
can pass." The editor of the Courier may bs a "briirtt
particular star" in the firmament of letters for aught
we know; he rray possess the erudition of a Johnson
and the philosophic profundity ol a Newton: the wi
thering sarcasm of a JefFriesor the boldness of thought
oi a iuacKintosn; out in our opinion he is decidedly
the smallest quill-driver that ever wasted ink & paper.
Printers lookingup! Does the editor suppose that
the gentleman referred to will be honored by a seat
among a body of blockhead j not one in ten of whom
possesses a moiety of the ability that distinguishes the
members of the "art preservative of all arts? We
venture to assert that in a printing-office containing
fifty journeymen there will be found more learning
intelligence and sterling good sense than ever fell to
the lot of an equal number of legislators in any State
in the Union. The brightest names on the pages of
history belong to printers; and in our own day and
generation we can point to prominent actors on the
stage oi uiewnoare proud ot the profession which
first engaged their attention and prepared them for fu-
tureusefulncss. Printers looking up! We can assure
l"15 eiiaicuer-up ui unconsiaereu innes. mat primers
generally lookdovn on the brainless starvelings whi
crowd the "lEarncd professions ia every city in U;
Union Crescent City.
Colt's Scb-jcarine Battery. A correspond-
ent ofthc Philadelphia Ledger speaks of it thus:
"The battery consists of a light sheet-iron box fill-
ed with gunpowder and having two copper wires
wound around with cotton then varnished over with
attached positive electricity immediately passes along
one wirc and negative electricity immediately pa?ses
along the other wire and these ttvo kinds ot eicctn-
Clt.v concentrate on the platina wire instantly heat it
r". an(1 " fires the gunpowder the explosion of
whlch blows the vessel to fragments."
Anehnt Mamiscrxpt.-Vtotesot Hoffman Von
Fallerslebeniasmadean important diicovery among
h. vl3Softhe nublic librar-V at Valenciennes. He
has there found the hymn composed about the year
SS3in theancicnt German language on occasion of
the victory of Louis over the Normans. This litera-
ry curiosity which Mabillon copied from a MS be-
longing to the abbey of St. Amand but which has
been sought in vain ever since the year 1892 is of lha
greatest importance to the history of literature. Pro-
fessor Hoffman means to publish in Belgium the ori-
ginal test of the poem with a foe similieof the MS
conjointly with M. Willems who is known os the
editor of several ancient works in the Flemish dialect.
Romance of Real Life. Some years ago soys a
foreign journal the captain of a corsair carried offthe
wife of a poor wood-cutter residing in the neighbor-
hood of Messina After detaining her for several
months on board of his vessel he landed her on ah
island in the South Seas wholly regardless of what
might befall her. It happened that the woman was
presented to the savage monarch of the island who
became enamoured of her. He made her his wife
nlaccdheron the throne and at his death lelt her tne
sole sovereign of his domains. By a European vessel
which recently touched at the island the poor wood-
cutter has received intelligence of his wife. She sent
him presents of such vast value that he will probably
be one of the wealthiest individuals in Sicily until it
shall please her majesty his august spouse to sum-
mon him to her court
Pauperism in EvRor-E. Among the 176000-
000 000 individuals who inhabit Europe there ara
said' to be 19700000 beggars or persons who sub-
sistatthe expense of the community without contrib-
uting to its jesources. In Denmark the proportion
is 5 per cent; in England 10 per cent.; in Holland
U percent Paris in 1813. 102856 paupers out of
530 000 in Liverpool 10500 out of 217000. The
number of indigent it is feared has rather increased
The following remedy for rheumatism either chro-
nic or inflamatory will" be found very efficacious. It
u.Un tMtnihv several oil rheumatic patients ana
found to afford 'immediate relief 1 quart spirits of
wine 2 oz. castile soap 1 oz. spirits of hartshorn 1
oz. gum camphor.and half a glass of spirits of turpn-
with rheumatism io oe ruoueu uu . -...
A. Russian ship of the line a new 71. going from
Archangel to the Baltic for her stores has been lost
on the Coast of Norway off Cnristiansand with
about -100 men. The wind was a high northerly gale
offthe land and it is not known whether she sprang
a leak or was out of her reckoning.
Distribution. The United States Treasury has
adjusted the accounts ofthc States and Territories un-
der the Distribution Act and the governors have been
notified by the Treasury Department of the amounts
payable to their respective States. The amount to
bedivided is 83621 14 13 exclusive of the ten per
centum to the Suites in which the lands have been
Af Pi'it.hnriT. Penn.. a child four months old wis
..'. .!- Vu .1 ...ttt tktt mivtiirr refill
attacked by a large rat. and mangled to th: degree.
that it died from the wounds
tine The soap and campnor to oe cui i sma.. --
ces and dissolved in the liquids. It can be kept in a.
-1n. rrsw for use. 1 ne parts aiiecieu
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 16, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 24, 1842, newspaper, December 24, 1842; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80467/m1/1/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.