The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 50, Ed. 1, Saturday, October 14, 1843 Page: 2 of 4

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3 31'
The Mrth"ernsStan(Krd. -
t'.ATURDAY - .- - OCTOBER 14 1843.
of Washington: '
53" "Lines'lo J. L. M. of Tennessee" however
poetical in conception violate the plainest rules of
poetical construction ana are not therefore admissible
to our eolumns. ;
The author has (airly and openly afiixBd his Dime
to his pioduction but we submit it for another reading
oy nimseit anathe decision of his own "sobersecond
thoughts" and we .think ha will conclude with us
that it had better not be published.
The idea expressed by the third line of the follow-
ing four which conclude the first verse although
eminently agticullural is jo our mind not strictly
" Yci thou tsright single star thou model of beauty !
Who Bit never dimM by the clouds of misfortune
Thy road has been rnari'd thy path is not rooty
Thou brishtest of start my delicate fair one."
Thtre is an entire disregard of rhyme in the termi
nation of the lines.
m Gelonels S. M. Williams and Geo. W. Hock-
tey have been appointed by tho President Commis-
sioners to' negotiate with Mexico and will leave as
soon as their credentials are ready.
td The Mier prisoners hava not been released
as stated in our paper of some three weeks since but
will be as soon as all Mexican prisoners in this
country are sent to the head quarters of Gen. Woll.
See proclamation of the President in to-day's paper.
By Gen. Tarrant and Capt Booth who arrived
on Tuesday evening from the treaty ground we learn
the following in relation to the negotiations with the
wild Indians and the straggling remnants of tribes
mere civilized.
A treaty of perpetual amity was concluded by the
two Commissioners Gen. Tarrant and Judge Ter-
rell on the 29th of September with ten tribes viz:
the Tiwahconnes Keachics Wacoes Caddoes Ana-
dahkoes Ironies Cherokees Boluxies Delawares
and Chickissws.
The Wichitasand Toweash were to hava been in
but were prevented by false representations ofmali
cious and interested Creeks who lold.them that they
would be murdered or if not that goods wouM be
sold them having the taint of some infectious disease.
The representations of these men produced more dif
ficulty for the Commissioners than any other cause.
Of the tribe who have treated the three first were
essentially wild and wore no clothing except the
breech clout
The remnantof Cherokees who were there were
in a most distressed condition. The family of BoiJes
who were ail there would not come into camp until
ihe-Commissioners purchased clothes for the women
and children. Accustomed to the decencies of life
they were unwilling to show themselves to civilized
people inithcir slate at that time. There were about
30 Cherokees who composed all of the tribe once
settled in Nacogdoches county who still remain
apart from the main tribe resident in the United
Slates. They had been nearly denuded of property
by-the command under Gen. Tarrant in 1841 when
on the 'Trinity. They have now just returned from
Mexico where they had been stript of their remain-
ing property by theft They were without horses
clothes or-effects of any Eoit
The fato of this tribe has ben unfortunate indeed.
"First driven from the fair lands which they had cul-
tivated in Nacogdoches county and where they had
drawn around themselves the comforts and many of
the luxuries of civilized life. Drawn into a contest
of which it is doubtful whether tha seed of it was not
planted by interested turbulent and evil disposed
white men their chief" and the father of a large fa-
milywhose character commanded the esteem of a
largenumber of the citizens of the country who knew
him slain in .the first contest for their homes his
body barbarously mutilated an act which the daunt-
lessnessofbis bearing in the battle if no other cause
..or -impulse of decency generosity or humanity
should have prevented for he fell in the rear of his
retreating men exposing to the last his body to the
assailants they have been driven to the wild prair-
ies of the North cast down comfortless homeless
and miserable.
.The year.aftei this dispossession and the death and
misery vwhich it caused .(hey were found by Burle-
.sori upon the "head? waters of the Colorado' where
'they had probably established themselves to'depr&i
dale upon tbeietiToments -and tVeretTie destruc-
tion among-tbem.was far greater than before. 'The
wife and daughler-orthehrave.oldchieXwrre cap-
tured and his eldest'sdn and a largenumberof'the
tribe were killd2'AfthV'place the few remaining
comforts which ibey bad managed to retain after their
first contest werexapjtured and brought away or da-
'slroyed. -Subsequently they ueTe broken up again
in '41 when Gen. Tarrant made his expedition-to-the
unper -Trinitv: and here at last we find them at this
treaty ground but lately robbed of the very last ves
tige of property by a people which ranks itself a na
(ion free powerful and proud but 'which? Is far.Se-
neath these Indians inallcreditable'qualilies mental
.orpefsonal the small remnant of a once respecja.
l.'e -tribe "broken down in spints.uncJoihtd.'e'ndiajftefWi
nicittitd. Eitll preserving' the self respect JvhicklJejL
1 I
; i
eivilizalion-'had taught ' them and unwilling jo
appear Deiora.tne commissioners wnnoui ueecui aV.
parel. Truly we pity them. The calamities
which they have suffered have bten the unavoidable
result ofjheir position a position is very
doubtful whether they chose but at the several
crises of their defeats there was no alternative for
those immediately opposed to them but to slay.
Their misfortunes seem to show how much injury
to the inno:cnt the acts of evil men may cause.
Doubtless as they have mourned over their misfor-
tunes it has seemed to them that every man's hand
was against them. General Tarrant describes the
daughter of Bowles as a very intelligent woman.
TfiP. three wild tribes had with them a farSC num
ber of fino horses and said they had many iZJore a'
their villages.
The Commissioners went out eight miles from the
treaty ground and met the Indians as they came in.
They found them disposed to be extremely friendly
and the Commissioners had the gratification of em-
bracing the large number of chiefs and shaking
hands with every other man woman and child.
There were none but the leading men present and
some of them brought their families. Sickness pre
vented the attendance of a great many.
The Commissioners received through Mr. J. C.
Eld ridge and also from Aquaquasb the head chief
of the Wacoes a message from the principal chief of
the Coroanches that they would meet them on the
Clear fork of the Brazos at the new moon in Decern
ber with as many of the chiefs as he could induce to
come in at that lime and he thought all would be in
if not prevented by the misrepresenfcitions of the
Creeks. He was to see (hem all and induce them
to come in if he could.
The tribes had all been delayed in their passage to
the treaty ground waiting for Mr. Eldridge who
was to have met them and brought them in at the
time agreed upon. Sickness or misunderstanding
prevented his attendance at the lime and" they sup-
posing from the representation of the Creeks that
hey had been deceived had dispersed and were out
hunting Vhen the rnessengers from the treatyground
came to them.
General Tarrant says that they evinced the bcst
disposition that every article of the treaty was fully
explained to them and understood by them and that
every citizen who was upon the ground has the ut-
most confidence in their faithful observance of the
stipulations. There was not the least cause for doubt
to be found in their actions or bearing. There was
no pilfering or misconduct of any sort The Gene-
ral's horse which had strayed ofTand was lost for
three or four days was searched for and brought in
by them. The Tiwahconnes brought in and gavo up
five horses which they say is all the property they
have taken from tho whites since the 1st of March.
The General ascribes great merit to the exertions
of Col. Williams and Lewis Sanches of Nacogdo-
ches county and Jim Shaw a Delaware by whose
efforts the tribes were finally brought in and who
acted as interpreters between the parties. He also
mentions much indebtedness to Roasting Ear Mc-
Culloch S. Louis chief of the Delawares and Esteca-
yucaiubba principal chief of the Chickasaws who were
very influential and unremitting in their efforts to
consummate treaty. The last signed the treaty
through motives of fritndly interest there being no
difficulty with his tribe. The principal chief among
the tribes .who treated and to whom all the others
looked up was Kechikoroqua the head chief of tho
Tiwahconnes. He was at first indisposed to treat
with any body but the President but finally under
standing the powers of the Commissioners he con-
cluded to treat with them.
Mr. Thomas Torrey of Houston ivfio had been
with Mr. Eldridge died at the treaty ground of con-
gestive feverron the 27th Sept
The treaty itself by the direclicn of the President
will not be published until it is officially done.
Trading houses will be established and the points
for three of them are already designated. One is to
be on the South sido of the West fork of Trinity at
or near the junction of the Clear fork at the upper
edge of the lower Cross Timbers; one at the Co-
manche Peak on the Brazos; ono at the old San
Saba Mission. '
The line of hunting grounds is from one trading
house to the other North:
Permits have been given to the chiefs to hunt un-
til next spring on the South side of the Jine out of
the settlements. This has been done on account of
the buffaloes being all below as attested by Messrs.
Eldridge and Torrey.
The Commissioners recommend to the President
to appoint an agent to observe their movements while
below the .line and report to their chiefs any mal-
CThepeech'esof Red Bear chief of the 'Caddoes;
Roasting Ear StLouw andEstecayucatubba were
taken d6wn 'mu have been-sent on to .Washington
and no copies brbneht'here.""-' '
'Linne the ehlehof tke'Sbawhees was expected in
but did .not come; cawe;selwB
The expen8ffToftjeJ' only been about
fivehundred dolSif '-f
A little" AnfcdiBXhpni'Gen.'Tarriant
had taken witlfhisr moWw'frwn an Indian village
on the Trinity m May "1841 and who had been
-reuiaed by hip evsince was taken up to the trea
ty ground.and.(bund to be the nephew of jfoie Maria
pruSjml'cbierof the Uife. " Hfrwaajflftered Iqhu
uncle jyj
rill return few
'ft T.T? - iOTT 1 Vvi-VT7 .
.?:- --" TT;r-i.:
ui or (en ycara uiu iu uc cyuwa-
w five years old and 'remained
i3 ..-
vvitn .his tribe with great reluctance. -jHis mother
escaped shortly after her capture and is now in
lheChoctaw"'nation. The dress trinkets &e. which
he hnd onfwhen entered and some little articles
that had belonged to bis mother which were pre
served and taken up with him were immediately
identified by his uncle and brother and sister who
were present The two latter endeavored to excite
his affection by continual attention but ho would
have nothing to say to them and cried bitterly when
left with them.
If our readers observe any rich specimens of spel
ling in our Indian names they will pleaso recollect
that we have no manual of names by which we could
correct our own crude idea derived from tha sound
aad that conveyed by one not much better versed in
e mai'?r tbaD ourself.
We afe ''"& ttlka treaty nas ben effected. We
believe it will pror of mL'cb benefit to the whole
l t . . ! fmr'ier of Fannin.
conntrw am! not ifio leol Id .nC irOu." " J
j . .
and to the new colony beyond it whlei.
to fill up with great rapidity. From Gen. Tar."n I ;
we receive the same account of the upper Trinity
country that crery body else has given us. The
General has been there before and his first impres
sions are borno oulbv his late observation. He says
he believes it to be the finest country en the earth.
The present settlers of the colony are delighted
with the effectuation of the treaty.
We hope this may be a forerunner of another and
still more important arrangement of difficulties.
High credit we are tojd is due to Judge Terrell
the associate Commissioner. As to Gen. Tarrant.
every body here knows him and we feel gratified
that he has been rendering service to the country
while his own interests as a candidate were suffering
for want of attention and the laek efservics by those
upon whoso pledges and at whose instance he be
came one. To his perseverance we are told
tha accomplishment of this treaty is mainly at-
tributable. Nothing but his determination to stay
upon the ground as long as there was any hope
of the coming of tha Indians prevented the
breaking up of the commission and tho return
oi every one connected with it Ioag since; a
course for which they had the authority of the Pre-
sident who said he had dona his duty and the In.
dians having faikd to come ia at the appointed time
the fault lay with them. Gen. Tarrant wns anxious
on account of the frontier settlers to arrange a cessa-
tion of hostilities and success has crowned his efforts.
In all the country there could not hare been found an
mdividuafbetter suited for managing such a negotia-
tion. Mails. There is no regularity in our receipt of
exchange pipers from the interior This week we
got no Planter. Last week we got no Civilian or
News. Sometimes we get orily tha Marshall Re
view sometimes one and sometimes another. During
the session of the Supreme Court at Washington a
gentleman of this place informs us that Mine succes-
sive numbers of the Standard came on at ona timr.
and for eight weeks before there had been none.
This irregularity seriously affects the interests of
newspaper publishers who lose and fail to get sub-
scribers in consequence of it; and it seems to us clear
that it results from culpable negligence or something
worse on the part of Postmasters. About the time
our fortieth number issued we received a letter from
a gentleman near Washington a subscriber for two
copies who informed us that from the first he had
received but four numbers; also from a subscriber in
Nacogdoches who had received but five nnd was
obliged to discontinue his paper in consequence.
This state of thingsis palpably wronr and it seams
to ui that it might be remedied. Besides the effect it
has on publishers it is detrimental to tne people at
large as it prevents the diffusion of information rela
tive to the state of the country the rise and fall of
markets and the political changes in the world at
Sale or the Navy. Great opposition is mani
fested in all quarters to the sale of the navy. The
News and the Chronicle at Ualveslon and the tfed
Lander are wtirm upon the subject.
Yucatan. The latest advices from Merida indi
cate the probability of a resumption of hostilities with
Mexico. The demands ot banta Anna are ot such
a character as cannot be accepted by them without
yielding the position they have heretofore occupied.
E3"TiiE Rko Lander. For the last three
weeks we have received tho Red Lander and sup
pose we snail nave to resume an exenange wnn
one who seems determined to have it if perseve
rance in the proffer will effect it The Editor has
changed his tone'of late towards us. Having failed
to effect anything by villifyingour private character
and speaking disrespectfully of us he has taken
other ground and in five several articles devoted to
us in his "paper of th'e 7th he exposes his new plan
of operations.
First he speaks of our capacity in a manner which
wo should consider vtry complimentary if it were
nol for the source. Next he notices some two or
:bree articles which appeared in our paper of Sept
14tb and attempts to be witty sarcastic philoso-
phic &c and no doubt is facetious as an owl if we
had perception enough to appreciate it But alas!
our faculties arc all nnequal to the task and we must
Tnrever "remain insensible to "the scintillations of
humor which frobably lie profusely scattered about
in place of the argument with which dull plodding
common men would essay to answer subjects of se-
rious consideration and importart bearing.
' He is destined to have his'fuu in a grest degree to
himself for wn shall not follow a course as tortuous
endless and objectless as his and answermcre deni
als of our positions unsustained by argument or
proofr o'r carry on a skirmish1 of small armi in an-
swer to his. little articles relative to .our position or
"dispositiorvin half of which theie is such a p'rqfun-
dity that we cannot ior me nic oi us ieu luuem
or mcaningDf(ue articles or find any one aWrUse.1
enough to inform us. Wo would as soon think of
following a will-o'-the-wisp. through a hoc at. mid
night as to put ourself in regular posture of defence
or assault against such an assailant
We shall pursue our usual course unswervingly.
Tho small shot and little harmless missiles of the Red
Lander we shall expect and they will sere to amuse
our leisure hours without harming us. and if it can
observe decency of language for a length of time we
may occasionally notice its political manoeuvres and
inconsistencies to show the changes grimaces con
tortions aad weaknesses which display themselves
upon its visage; but it must not expect us to make re
plication to such articles as its notico of our opinion
of the armistice for there 13 really nothing tangible
that we can sea to answer.
For the first time for many weeks the last mail
brought us the Galveston News. In it we find the
following amusing specimen of political argumen.
"The editor oftb Teles ranh still continues a stub
born unbeliever intho doctrines which the organs of j
tnc administration are laboring so assiduously to pro-
mulgate) viz. that peace with Mexico upon satis-
.ctory conditions will be permanently established
- - anC:- wme: anu mat mis win oe me result oi tne
T.t.M ' o kept secret policy. In the sever
al articles whicf."0 ?. wr'"cn upon the wbjecl
we have noticed manv le &?. se.ia.o.B argument
; .. r ;. .;i;.. . -- "enenu disposition
to treat it in a candid unprejudiced mil"18"! a we
are unable to conceive how any person pof 8'nb
common sense and not entirely blinded by prejudice
can auer viewing me suojeci in every n gni in wnicu
it has been represented arrive at any other conclu-
sion'than that which is deduced by the editor thai
there is not the least probability of a peace being
granted by Mexico upon acceptable conditions to
This is settling the matter conclusively and of
course no body must presume to donot the cogency
of the arguments referred to. We have never read
tha most of them as we arc not fond of reading spe-
culation upon suppositions a habit of reasoning our
friend of the Telegraph is very fond of indulging in
We are not aware that he has tha confidence of the
President and therefore presume he knows little
more about the matter than ourself and we know just
enough to vibrate between hope and fear and have
no fixed opinion upon the subject
As to arguing upon probabilities we have an aver
sion to such waste of lime and we think it wrong to
induce hopes or fears or mislead people where there
is no firm ground to base hypotheses upon and no
good to ba attained by amplifying upon them.
The beauty of all this is however that after the
dogmatical assumption of the Editor of the News
and the sort of knock down position that ho takes to
ward all who shall presume to doubt the cogency of
what the Telegraph has advanced and he has ap
proved he turns round himself aad in tho broadest
and most positive manner dissents from another pf si
tion of the Telegraph upon the same subject and
says point blank that it is not so. We refer to the
supposition cf a truco for five or ten years.
Here we have it :
"In the following extract which we copy the editor
has allowed himself to say that Santa Anna will
probably agree to an armistice "for a term of five
or ten years leaving the question of independence
and limits to be settled at a future day." This we do
not believe and we think we have good authority
upon which io found our disbelief or to establish a
contrary one. There U not the least probability
that Santa Anna intends to afford Texas any thing
like a peace of five or ten years or even of one year.
The schooner Richard St. John. Capt Everson
from Tampico arrived at th a port yesterday bring-
ing among other passengers Mr. Samuel H. Walk-
er a native of Maryland who escaped from the pris-
on at Tacnbiya on the 30th July and Mr Dalrym-
ple a native of New York who escaped with Gen.
Green from Peroto. In addition to those who made
their escape with Gen. Green from the walls of Pe-
rote we are informed by Mr. Walker that himself
and three others Wm. lyopeiand ot Va. 1 1. H.
Gattis of Ala. and James Charles Wilson of Eng-
land effected their delivery from Tacubava on the
30th of July. Copeland having escaped the 29th
alone. Walker Gattis and Wilson made their waj
for Tampico but owing to the vigilance of the Mex-
icans they were retaken four times. The first time
they were recaptured they effected a deliverance
by a bribe for the paltry sum of 81 per head from
the base and degraded Mexicans and at other times
by the most flimsy stratagems. The prisoners at
Tacubaya continue to work the streets but the rigor-
ous treatment that has been extended to them has
been materially mitigated since the armisticobetween
Texas and Mexico. The chains have been taken off
the convict overseers have been displaced and the
brutal ruffians who act as task masters are no longer
allowed to cudgel and lacerate the unfortunate cap-
tives Mr. Walker informs us that nine "prisoners
have died in prison since their arrival at Tacubaya
and when he left it was hourly expected that Judge
Usher formerly a member ot Congress in Tanu.
would die of consumption neglect and illtreatment
The prisoners arc now occupied in improving the
streets in front of Santa Anna's palace. Since their
escape Copeland has not been heard of. Gattis was
left on the road sick; Wilson embarked at Tampico
for New York 'and Mr. Walker arrived ia this city
as we stated in the schooner Richard St John.
J Ttopic.
Cot. Cook's Trial. The trial of Col: L P.
Cook indicted for the murder of Capt Lewis has
been transferred to Brstrop county. Owing to the
state of p"ublic feeling in Travis sounty nearly eve-
ry man .there had expressed an opinion relative to his
ease and it was found impossible to empannel a jury
in that county. T.he court wax in; session at Bas
trop a'few days since-. Judge Baylor presiding and
the trial has probably taken place. We have been
informed that Mr. King the Sheriff ofTravis coun-
ty has also been indicted -by the GrandJury charg
ed as an accessary to the murder. He was also under
arrest and will probably be tried at Bastrop. Ttl.
" y . i
American Board or Missions. Tho receipts
during tho month of June was over 825000 in
May 8:
AhotuerSkib'JIih wjth Mkzrans. On the
17th ult. Manuel Perezwas discovered near the .
Medina with one hundred Mexican soldiers. Copt.
Hays with only fifteen men."wenr'etlttarmeerhrm7T-
and found him encamped on arjrnall -itrearaia'.fewj
roiUs west of the Medina as uapt slays approacnea
Perez fired upon him and afewshota were'exchan-
ged. Capt Hays took tip a position near the ?top-
of Perez and after a slight skirmish the latter reuV
ed a short distance down tho Ttreani;" Capt Haya
pursued him and a running fight was kept up for a
few minutes when Perez's men set fire to the grass
around tho position of Capt. tikys and the litter
supposing this was intended to enable them to make
a combined attack upon him under the. shelter ef the
smoke waited to repel tho expected assault; but when
the smoke cleared away ha found that the enemy had
retreated and was entirely out of sight Few men
of Capt Hays's company were injured and no dead
or wounded Mexicans were left on the field. This
visit of Perez has exci!ed much surprise af Bexar.
and tha citizens are at a loss to account for his con
duct It is generally believed however fhat bo was
not acting under orders fmm Gen. Woll: bat has
purposely evaded his orders that he mi(?hl continue?
depredations in the vicinity of Bexar. It ia trill
known that he cherishes an old grudge against sev
eral of the old citizens of Bexar nnd he nrobablv
desires to make one effort to wreak bis. vengeance
upon them before the armistice is affected.
Cotton Crop. Fears have been entertained
that the rains that have fallen so frequently in this'
vicinity had extended throughout the renublie and1
I se'.'icusly injured the cotton crop. Wc have leartf-
ed hpnwVor that very little ram has fallen west of the
Brazos or in .ho upper counties on that rivci and the
Trinity. Ths niiww have continued cotton pick-
ing with scarcely any fcterruption. The crop is un-
usually fine and will be abc&dant The late cheer-
ing nows that this great staplfis in great damand in
the foreign markets and the pries augmenting; will
add new stimulus to this branch of industry. Tel.
New Cotton. The Civilian of Saturday last
says "five bales of the new cotton crop were receiv-
ed by the steamer "Lady Byron from Houston on
Tuesday raised by CoL P. M. Coney on the Braz-
os quality middling fair and sold at 7 cents per
lb. cash and shipped to Bremen by Messrs. H. H.
Williams & Co on board the Galliot Union Capt.
Martens: and we predict will be the first cotton of
the growth of 1813 from this continent landed in
The first bale of new cotton received mNew Or-
leans from Mississippi weighed 330 lbs. middling
quality was sold by Messrs. Lilly and Robertson at
ten cents and shipped to Havre before tho 19th ult.
Wcfear therefore that the CiviRaa's prediction
will not be realized. Cit. t
Cotton Caor in tub United States. -The
whole crop under the most advantageous circumstan-
ces it is estimated cannot exceed 1600000 The
States in which the crops- look best are South Carol-
ina and Georgia. In portions of Alabama the crops
look very unpromising andare unquestionably much-
injured; so also in Louisiana and' lower Mississippi.
Thattheerop will befiveorsixhundred thousand bales
1 3D
short ot the last crop there can be no mestios: and it
j equally certain that it is from-foar toHwe weeks
j icier than usual and by consequence more exposed to
bad weather and Irosi than n has been- for tea yetfr
Here are facts: whether cotton will advance ene twe
ortbree cents' remains to be seen. Civilian.
Br a letter lirom a "sntleman intimately" connect
ed with Judge LipJ'omb addressed to a gentleman of
this place we have Jearned that the Judge has pos
itively aeennea oecomijitf cunuiu;e wr ins- aexe
Presidency. Wa have therefore withdrawn- hi
name from being in nominaft'en and shall nowawait
the decision of tha people in respect to future nomi
nation. litd liaTuier-
An express from Washington passed through
town on Tuesday for the President What is the
nature of the dispatches sent by this express is not
known; but it is supposed they relate to the recent
intelligence received from the United States. The.
Sudden departure of Gen. Murphy from Washing-
ton upon the receipt of the despatches brought by
Mr. Abel has created a good deal of excitement; anil
all are anxious to know what has transpired. We"
think however that the whole affefr will remain in-
volved in mystery until the meeting of Congress.
One thing however we think is certain the govern-
ment of the United States is not entirely indifferent
to the movements of Great Britain. Star.
California. An American grntleman resident
ill California writing to a friend in tho United
States says of that country:
"Although a part of this country (California) is
nominally governed by Mexico we are remote from
and scarcely feel the influence of that power. Tha
extent ot the tlat or level country Irom the Pacific
coast to the mountains on our cast will average
about one hundred and fifty miles from the mouth of
the Rio Colorado to the line of the Oregon Terri-
tory. The soil of the whole of this region of coun-
try is very superior producing cdltont corn afid
wheat in abundance. Perhaps no country in tho
w'orld produces finer fruit The mountainous re-
gion east abounds in the richest minerals. Here
may be found copper in the purest state upon the
top of the earth in all directions. The country
abounds in hot and bituminous springs. About thir-
ty miles from the Colorado in the midst of a sandy
desert is a volcanic mountain. It is nearly round at
its base and a mile in height From its top it con-
stantly emits an immense column of black smoke.
Near its base large quantities of brimstone issue
nearly in a pure statq ship loads ol it might be pro-
cured. It boils up in a kind of criter)hardena on
the outer surface and falls back. in the centre! There
are a great number of bituminous springs 'near this
town. Our houses are all covered with bitumen. '
The Fourth at Naovoo. The JBurljngton
(Iowa) Gazetto of tho 8th instant says
"Many of our citizens spen'tthe fourth among the
saints at Nau voo. They returned much'fjfeajed with
their visit Tney were escorted by the military from
the landing to the Temple where seatshad been re-
served for them. Two boats with five or six hun-
dred pissengcrs from Warsaw. Gtuincyand St.
Louis also arrived about the same timej and' thus
swelled the number of invited gursts to a thousand
or more. The:ity' itself of .course' turndd out its
thousands rendering therceremonfea"o( the day
highlyjiuiercsting. T!.eprophet (General Smith)
mads a speech to the immense multitude."
w "


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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 50, Ed. 1, Saturday, October 14, 1843, newspaper, October 14, 1843; Clarksville, Texas. ( accessed June 2, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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