The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 16, Ed. 1, Saturday, March 2, 1844 Page: 1 of 4
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CHAS. DE. NIORSE
LONG SHALL OUR BANNER BRAVE THE BREEZE THE STANDARD OF THE FREE.
CLARKSVILLE TEXAS MARCH 2 1844.
EDITED A"JN b PUBLISHED BY
CHARLES DE MORSE.
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-MY DARK-EYED ZULETTE.
BY MRS. CRAWFORD.
Maid of Evora! My dark-eyed Zulette!
In im' long hours of sorrow without thee
I never found one that could make me forget
.The charm that is ever about thee:
On the beautiful maids of my country I gaze
But they wake but a passing emotion;
O! thou hadstthe love of my happiest days
The first fruits of my young heart's devotion.
Maid of Evora! my dark-eyed Zulette!
In the dreams of ray slumber united
I meet thee again where so often we met
When ray spirit was gay and unblighted;
When beneath the sweet shade of the orange we
And the fountain of Inez shone brightly
In the beams of the moon that to look on I lov'd
As it guided my steps to thee nightly.
Maid of Evera! my dark-eyed Zulette!
Is-thy heart still as faithful as ever
To the joy that we felt when in secret we met
And the pangs that it cost us to sever?
-When I watched thy sweet looks as I saw thee
When thy last fond Rdieu had been spoken
Had I thought 'twas thy last ah! surely my heart
In the grief of that moment had broken.
A fountain in Portugal call&d "the Tears of In-
ez" in compliment to the beautiful and ill-fated
Inez de Castro.
AN ACT TO OPEN AND ESTAB-
LISH A NATIONAL ROAD.
Sec. J. &e it enacted by the Senate
.and House of Representatives of the Repub-
lic of Texas' in Congress Assembled?
That Jason Wilson-Wm. M Williams
.of the County of Lamar' and John- Yeary or
the County ofFannin and Rowland W. Box
of" the County of' Houston and James Brad-
fhawof the County f Nacogdoches be
and they are hereby appointed Commission
ers to view mark and lay out a road to be
called the ''Central National Road of the
Republic of Texas"-'from the main Trini-
ty River beginning at or within fifteen miles
below the mouth of the Elm Fork of said
stream Thence the nearest and best route
to the bank of Red River oposite the mouth
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted That
George W. Stell of the county of Li'marbe
and he is hereby appointed a Surreybr. to
survey and measure said road agreeably to
the provisions of this act and the directions
ef said Commissioners.
Sec. 3. Be il further enacted. That it
shall be the duty o said Commissioners so
soon as they complete the marking of said
road or during the time they are performing
that duty to notify the surveyor of the same;
whereupon it shall be the duty of said Sur-
veyor so soon as he may receive such information-
to proceed to survey and measure
said road beginning and measuring from
the bank of said Trinity River 'and shall
erect mile posts of good size and number
the same and shall also note all water cours-
es over which said road shall pass giving
their width and general course and when
completed it shall be the duty of said Sur-
veyor (or as soon thereafter as may be con-
venient) to make out a complete map of said
road to be delivered to the said Commission-
ers and shall also transmit a copy of the
same to the Commissioner of the General
Land Office; and it shall be the duty of said
Commissioners so soon as the said Survey-
or shall deliver to them a map of said read
to proceed to let out the cutting and opening
said road by contract and for the completion
of which the said contractors or. underta-
kers shall be paid in the public lands of the
Government in the manner hereinafter to be
specified; provided the whole amount for
opening and superintending the opening siid
road shall not exceed one hundred and sixty
acres of land for each mile.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted That it
shall be the duty of every person or persons
who may take a contract or contracts upon
said road to enter into bond and security in
a sum eqnal to the supposed value of the
land which he she or they shall be entitled
to for said work payable to said Commis-
sioners and their successors conditioned for
the faithful performance of the contracts on
their respective parts and provided said con-
tractors or undertakers should fail to comply
with the contract so made he she or they
shall forfeit and pay said amount to be re-
covered before any Court having jurisdic-
tion thereof; and all such forfeitures shall
when collected be appropriated to the use
and benefit of said road; but such bond to be
void upon condition that said undertaker or
undertakers do well and truly execute the
work agreeably to contract; in which event
it shall be the duty of the Commissioners to
issue a certificate to the one having completed
the same which shall be authority to the
Commissioner of the General Land office to
issue a patent for the same.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted That so
soon as said road shall be viewed and mark-
ed as heretofore provided it shall not be law-
ful for any person or persons to locate any
lands within five miles of said road forthe
space of six 'months except those who are
engaged in the opening or superintending
the same and they shall only be entitled to
locate such as they shall be entitled to under
the provisions of this act.
the provisions of this act.
Sec. 6. Be it further -enacted That
the Surveyor shall be entitled to twelve hun
dred and eighty acres of land for surveying.!
t t t i . t I
ana performing sucn amies as Heretofore
required to be located upon any of the un-
appropriated lands of this Republic and a
certificate signed by a majority of said Com-
missioners of his having performed all the
duties of Surveyor as is by this act required
shall be full and legal authority for the Com-
missioner of the General Land Office to is-
sue a patenter patents for the tame! i
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted That
each hand or assistant Surveyor engaged in
the surveying said road shall be entitled to
six hundred and forty acres of land; provid-
ed not more than five hands or assistants
shall be engaged in said work to be located
and patented in the same mafiner as provided
for the principal Surveyors: provided that
the principal Surveyor shall certify to said
Commissioners that said assistant or claim
ant did well and truly perform the duties of
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted That
each Commissioner appointed or who may
be appointed under the provisions of this act
shall be entitled to six hud red and forty acres
of land: provided that none but those who
actually servp shall be entitled to the bene-
fits of thisspction. to be located and patented
in the same manner as provided in the prece-
ding sections for the Surveyor and his assis
tants; provided they shall before the Chief
Justice of some of the counties of this Re
public make oath that he or they have per-
formed the duties required of them agreeably
to the provisions of this act. in which case
the said Chief Justice shall certify to the
facts as stated or deposed officially which
certificate together with the certificate of at
least one of the Commissioners shall be full
authority for the issuing of patents for the
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted That
should either of the Commissioners anpoint
j by this act fail or refuse to perform the du
ties as herein required of him or them by
this act. it shall be lawful for a maiority of
the same to appoint one in his stead and
should more than two fail or refuse to per-
form said duties it shall be the duty of the
Chief Justice of th. County in which said
deOiulter resides to appoint one in his stead
who shall have all the benefits and privileges
that would otherwise have accrued to the
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted- .That
should the Surveyor appointed by fhfs.a"ct.
fail or refuse to perform the duties herein re-
quired it shall be the duty of said Commis-
sioners to appoint one in his stead to per-
form the same in which event he shall be
entitled to all the benefits and privileges
thnt would otherwise have accrued to the
original. . '
Sec 11. Be itfurtlier enacted. That
in all cas?s a majority of said Commis-
sioners shall be deemed sufficient to transact
any business appertaining to the provisions
of this act.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted That
it may be lawful for said Surveyor to make
any survey upon application upon any claim
originating under the provisions of this act
and none other; and provided that said sur-
vey be connected to said road.
Sec 13. Be it further enacted That
every person or persons taking a contract
forthe opening of said road shall have a pre-
ference to locations on one side of the road
within the limits of their respective precincts
or contracts but in no case shall any of the
surveys made under irm provisions of this
act extend across said road and provided
also that no survey made under the provis-
ions of this act. shall be for less than six
hundred and forty acres.
Sec. 14. Beit further enacted That it
shall be the duty of the Commissioners to
specify in all contracts made with individu-j
als for the opening of said road how said
road shall be cleared out. the width of. the
same which shall beat least thirty feet wide
and all stumps shall ha- cut within twelve
inches of the surface of the earth' and that
all bridges shall be at least fifteen feel wide
and built of good substantial materials and
all contracts shall be completed by the first
day of January one thousand eight hundred
and forty five.
Sec 15. Be it further enacttd That
no patents shall issue for any lands granted
under the provisions of this act until all the
work shall be completed as provided by this
act and a certificate of the fact certified to
posited in the General Lind Office shall be
sufficient evidence of the work having been
Sec. 16. Be it further enacted That
the foregoing section shall not be so constru-
ed as to prevent those who may be engaged
in the opening or superintending the survey
ing marking and
said road from
having the lands to which they would be en
titled to locate; provided said work shall be
completed and that this act take effect from
and after its passage.
m R. SCURRY
Speaker of the House of Represntatives.
President of the Senate.
Approved 5th Feb. 1844
DECIMATION OF THE MIER PRIS
Extracted from. General Greeks Journal:
March 21. The Cavalry arrived from
San Luis Potosi to guard our men to the City
of Mexico. In the mean time an order
reached Saltillo from Santa Anna to snoot
the whole of our men which was also diso-
beyed by Gen. Mcxia. On the 22d they
look up the line of march under theNcommand
of Col. Ortis that night reached Aqua Mu-
coo. On the 23d marched 14 leagues to
San Salvado. Here their hand cuffs were
examined and the sick ironed. No;v they
began to suspect something wrong but still
hoped otherwise. On the 24th marched 11
leagues. On the 25th marched early and
arrived at the Salado about 2 o'clock P. M.
Soon after they arrived our men received
the melancholy intelligence that they were
to be decimated and every tenth man shot.
It was now too late to resist this horrible or-
der our men were closely ironed and drawn
up in front of all their guards with arras
in readiness to fire. Could they have known
it previously they would have again charged
their guards and made them dearjy pay for
this last perfidious breach of national faith.
It was now too late! A manly gloom and a
proud defiance pervaded all countenances.
They had but one last alternative and that
was to invoke their country's vengeance upon
their murderers consign their souls to God
and die like men.
The decimatora ColoneJ who was speed-
ily nominated to this black deed after Gov.
Mexia refused its execution had preceded
our men one day from Saltillo. The "Red
Cap" company were to be his executioners
whose lives had been so. humanely spared
by our men. at this place on the 11th of
February. The decimation took place by
the drawing of the black and white beans
from a small earthen mug. The whites
signifying exemption and the black death.
159 white beans were placed in the bottom
of the mug and IT black ones placed upon
the top"of them.. The beans were not stir-
red and had so slight a shake that it was
perfectly clear that they had not been mix-
ed together. Such was their anxiety to ex-
ecute Capt. Cameron and perhaps the bal-
ance of the officers the fatal choice was first
presented to Cameron then to the balance of
the officers and lastly to the men. They
all acted their part in the solemn ceremony
with that manly dignity and firmness which
showed them .superior to their condition.
Some of lighter temper jested over the bloody-
tragedy. One would say ''bays this beats
raffling all to pieces;" another would say
that ".this is the tallest gambling scrape I ev-
er was in" and such like remarks never
showed change of countenance and a the;
blaok beans failed to depress so did the white
fail to elevate. The knocking off the irons
from the unfortunate alone told who they
were. Several of the Mexican oncers who.
officiated in this cruel violation of their coun-
try's faith expressed great dissatisfaction
throughout and some wept bitterly. Soon
after the fated were placed in a separate
court-yard where about dusk they weYe'ex-
ecuted. Several of our men were permitted
to visit them previous to their heing executed.
by a majority of the Commissioners and de-' to receive theic dying requestvFoor Maj.
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 16, Ed. 1, Saturday, March 2, 1844, newspaper, March 2, 1844; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80515/m1/1/?q=%22national%20road%22: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.