Cooper Review (Cooper, Tex.), Vol. 127, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 13, 2007 Page: 2 of 8
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Cooper Review - Page 2
Thursday, September 13, 2007
All Things Historical
On The River
By Archie P. McDonald
\ 7—^ WithET
THE KELLY PLOW
Early in the nineteenth century, American
farmers broke the soil pretty much the same
way as old English grangers or even Biblical
tillers did—with wooden plows. Steel points
were added in Thomas Jefferson's day, and
in the 1830s John Deere introduced the all-
metal "prairie breaker" plow.
Not long afterward, John A. Stewart began
to make improved plows in a machine shop
located near Marshall, Texas, and in doing so
launched a major East Texas industry.
Stewart moved his operation to Four Mile
Branch, a campsite for wagoners located
approximately that distance from Jefferson,
Texas. This was a good location for a wagon
repair shop, which he operated with this
brother-in-law, Zachariah Lockett. They
continued to make metal plows as well,
making iron in a furnace heated by charcoal.
Then George Addison Kelly joined the
partnership in 1852, and by 1860 Kelly had
acquired complete control of the firm.
Kelly introduced the "Blue Kelly” plow,
the most popular such implement in Texas,
and also supported the Confederate States
of America by manufacturing cannonballs
and other iron implements and tools both
for military and civilian use. The company
continued to provided its own iron by
processing ore at a facility near Kelly ville.
The arrival of the rails and the subsequent
decline in the importance of Jefferson as
a shipping point had become a problem
for Kelly in the 1870s, and then his
manufacturing plant burned in 1880.
Kelly rebuilt his factory in Longview, Texas,
in 1882. He expanded his product line from
plows to all cultivation implements available
at the time until his death in 1909.
Kelly was succeeded by his sons, Robert
Marvin Kelly and LeGrand D. Kelly,
as president and secretary-treasurer,
respectively, of the company and also as co-
managers of the manufacturing plant, until
1941, when George A. Kelly Jr. and LeGrand
D. Kelly Jr., took over. Eventually, five
generations of Kellys kept the plows coming
that tilled the fields of East Texans before the
company ceased manufacturing them in the
1960s, a victim of the progress it had helped
to bring about.
This column is provided as a public service
by the East Texas Historical Association.
Archie P. McDonald is director of the
Association and author of more than 20
books on Texas.
In Years Gone By
From the files of The Cooper Review
Ten Years Ago
Nearly four and one-half
decades of involvement with
the Cooper Review ended
September 4, 1997 with the
sale of the Cooper Review
by owner/publisher O’Conna
Mora to Lynne and Tim
Gregory of Cooper.
Joshua L. Steward has
recently completed cadet
basic training at the U. S.
Milirary Academy, West
Point, N. Y. Steward is the son
of Charles D. and Cynthia S.
Steward of Cooper.
Twenty Years Ago
people attended the Klondike
Homecoming September 6.
Highlighting the event was the
presentation and dedication
of the Historical Marker by
County Judge Fred Potts, and
the history of the cemetery
give by Don Click, Chairman
of Delta County Historical
Local Girl Scouts who
attended Camp Gambill this
summer included Brandi
Baggett, Stephanie Cregg,
Ashleigh B. Nelson, Hayley
Waters and Karla Jean Wray.
Thirty Years Ago
The oldest established
drug store in Cooper changed
ownership last Thursday,
September 1, when Lundy
Hooten Jr. and Joe Cregg
turned over the keys to Marion
Cloyce Adams brought
in the first bale of cotton this
season to the Cooper Co-op
Forty Years Ago
Sometime late Monday
night or early Tuesday
morning burglars hit the
Enloe Post Office and Cooper
High School. Both burglars
were investigated by the Delta
County Sheriff’s Department.
PFC E-3 Wendell T.
Alley, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs.
Wendell Alley of Cooper,
arrived in the Republic of
Vietnam August 28 where
he is assigned as crew chief,
12 Aviation Group, 188th
Assault Helicopter Company.
Fifty Years Ago
nationally known singer of
Cooper, received a call from
Arthur Godfrey this week
asking her to appear on
his program for one week
beginning September 16.
Cooper Bulldog fans will
get a chance to view the 1957
team in action Friday night
at the local field when Wolfe
City comes here for the first
game of the season.
Sixty Years Ago
In the Delta County 4-H
Club Pig Show held Monday,
September 8, gilts owned and
raised by George Wiley Bond
and Odie Gene Cummings
carried off top honors.
Seventy Years Ago
The Chicago Store
won the County Softball
Championship Friday night
with a 9-7 win over Enloe in a
game that went 8 innings.
Eighty Years Ago
Manager W. P. Duckett
and Operator Fannie Ruth
Grizzle left Thursday morning
for Tyler to attend a meting of
the Independent Telephone
Ninety Years Ago
Rooms in the Anderson
building have been fitted up
for Red Cross work. Sewing
of hospital garments was
started by 35 women the
One Hundred Years
J. H. Newton, new
superintendent of Cooper
schools, announced 154
enrolled in the literary
department and 25 enrolled in
the music department.
Owners - Jim and Sally Butler
JimB @Cooperreview. com
Publisher/Editor - Roger Palmer
Office Manager/Staff Writer - Kimberly Palmer
Kim@C ooperreview. com
THE COOPER REVIEW (UPS 131940) is printed weekly, except the
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BETTER NEWSPAPER CONTEST
ACORNS, WASPS, AND
About noon, Tuesday, September 4,
Johnny Hurley and I launched a boat at
highway 71 and South Sulphur River between
Commerce and Emblem to go check on a
possible deer lease. The place is land locked
so your only choices are to walk, use a boat,
or use a helicopter. Soon after leaving the
pickup we started seeing huge red wasp nests
in trees hanging over the river. Largest I ever
saw. One was at least a foot wide. I acted
like I was gonna chunk something at one and
Johnny nearly jumped out.
Bur oaks are the oaks with huge acorns.
Several of these trees hung out over the water
and the acorns were already bigger than ping
pong balls. Hickories also hung over the water
and have a good crop for the squirrels. As we
motored slowly along, gar fish would be near
the surface and swirl away as we surprised
The boat was tied at the lease and we
got out to walk. After walking about thirty
minutes we heard a barred owl make its call
and I told Johnny there was an old saying
about how that call in the day time meant it
was about to rain. In less than ten minutes we
were soaked. Crammed all our electronics in
one little plastic bag I luckily had brought. As
we walked beside the old river we could see
hulls in several places where squirrels were
already beginning to eat pecans.
Except for in the dead of winter I carry a
small ash or hickory limb in front of me when
walking through the woods. Hold it out in
front to avoid having spider webs plastered
on my glasses and face. It’s also useful when
you walk up on cottonmouths such as we did
twice on this trip. I offered to let Johnny lead
the way but he seemed happy to follow. By
the time we got back to the pickup it was 5:00
and we had a nice, although damp, afternoon
This year promises to be a record setter for
the pecan crop. I know of many trees in yards,
pastures and orchards with limbs broken from
the weight of pecans. Roadrunners continue to
be on the increase. I have been watching one
roadrunner nest south of Charleston in a tree
about fifteen feet hanging over a county road.
The ones at the Jeff Goldsmith corner are out
and about almost daily as I go to Charleston.
Jean and I saw one September 5 near the six
lane boat ramp at the South Sulphur Unit at
For those that may not know, it is illegal
to burn the plastic off copper wire. A man and
woman were caught recently and arrested.
$10,000 for bail. Someone a few weeks ago
snuck down to my cabin and burned some.
Wish I knew who.
Remember Johnny Hayes from
Coffeyville, Alabama that comes to hog hunt
with me each year? The guy that had two
four wheelers stolen at Paris’ Holiday Inn.
He emailed me this week to say his best dog,
Silver, was killed by a nine foot alligator on
Saturday, September 1. Silver was baying a
hog near the gator’s den under the bank of
a slough. There were remains of deer and
other animals at the den. Without the tracking
system, Johnny would never have known
what happened to Silver.
Things I wonder about: Why do they
call a kind of flute a recorder? Why do they
always say a policeman is on paid leave after
he shoots somebody? We all know by now that
is standard procedure. Why do several states
spend millions of dollars for signs warning
you about bridges might be iced over? Maybe
we need signs saying,” If you run off the road
you could get stuck or turn over.” And, “If
you go fast on wet roads you might have a
About two months ago someone dumped
a female pit bulldog out at the Cooper Lake
spillway. She has no collar and is a little shy
but since several people carry her food she is
in good condition. I named her Spillway. She
needs a good home before winter sets in. If
you are a bulldog person, take her home with
From the past. John Dunhoen, a tenant
on the farm of R.P. May, near Roxton, was
bitten by a copperhead snake a few days ago
and came close to dying. He drank a quart
of whisky and a half pint of raw alcohol and
then sent for a physician who gave him more
whisky and administered morphine. The flesh
around the wound mortified and dropped out.
(Paris Advocate-July 2, 1897)
A man went to the barbershop for a shave
and haircut. He complained to the barber
about not ever being able to get a close shave
in that little curve between the bottom lip
and chin. The barber said it was a common
problem and gave him a small rubber ball to
place in his bottom lip like a dip of snuff. The
man asked the barber what if he swallowed it
and the barber answered, “Just bring it back
tomorrow like everyone else does.
According to the Friday, August 25, 1950
issue of the Cooper Review.
On August 17 a group of Veterans
Agriculture teachers and students of Delta
County made a field trip to some East Texas
corn fields to study their methods of growing
good corn on the typically deep East Texas
Mary Jo Boyd of Cooper, graduated
from East Texas State Teachers College
Sunday, August 20, with the highest honors
in the graduating class. Outstanding in both
scholastic and extra curricular activities, led
the class of more than 700 graduates. An
English-sociology major, Miss Boyd was
president of many clubs and organizations.
Delta County Farmers Union sponsored a
Hill Billy Jamboree on the square at Cooper
Saturday night with Guy Rushing and his
Southeraires furnishing the music. With several
hundred interested folks gathered around the
square, Archie Carrington, Chairman of the
Delta County Farmers Union Organization
Committee, thanks the Cooper city officials
for their cooperation and urged each to join
the Texas Farmers Union, the other 900,000
Farmers Union members fighting for 100
percent of parity for family farmers.
The home of Aubrey Pagan escaped
serious damage early Tuesday morning
when lightning struck a clothes line that was
attached to his house and a tree in his back
yard. The lightning struck the metal clothes
line near the center, melting it completely
during the storm Tuesday morning. The house
was slightly damaged by fire while the tree to
which the line was attached was also damaged
by flame. Although the youngest daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Pagan was asleep in the room
near the lightning flash, she was unhurt.
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Palmer, Roger. Cooper Review (Cooper, Tex.), Vol. 127, No. 38, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 13, 2007, newspaper, September 13, 2007; Cooper, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth805190/m1/2/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Delta County Public Library.