The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 39, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 23, 1847 Page: 1 of 4
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LONG SHAIX-OUiljPAIJNER BBAyETHB BREEZE THE STANDARD OF THE FREE.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
- - s f
C- - J
' ? JJ B LJS-tiEjI.-S L.M U L TAIj E Q UJIJSy AT C L A K K S V I L L E R E D R LJfiE tiOftflS&L
AD BONHM FANNIN
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Bki'Mbjv ag 1tu.Wai o:ffAj!.lp w-a - -'- B Am wj 1 21s Y
S 9 - tf-r - vms aaaJLUK UH1 r. ui) as IJJi .' 4II i s - "! -'. -L. - .- t
l IIM mmiw m
; IuBLXHEDYERY SATURDAY
.SINGUE COP.IES. ONE glgJL.
'- ' : TERMS:
-TheJieTasaJrSrs'DAD is published every
rSamrrl ncan alarsc e imperial sneeu
-" !.. orave dollars at the end of.
7i." ... TrMidlnCMH: in Trade or Produce
Vai&Stl dollars Stance or rfx dollar. at
ISbinSu'be inserted at one dollar
M.K5?!2Vintlon.Md m coats for
?.?? -'' - J "- ; ir nid in adraoce. If
T -Tallowed tSeTipseWoreparment. one
tjdKrenirfiecuperquare or ererr sab-
S wm months aeiTnl
qaare fen Vines or under ill be flnsja"d
Zurt. Oneorerlinea sguire will be conMd-
i.riJ ta. orertirentr lines three ie.
Veirlr adTrtienenu not excted'.Bj ten (inesTiherefore very valuable. It hasbeeu
Not exceeding sixty lines SWperaanum.
Excrpt for Cottutj cftce. whiehmin be oj
relilical addresses and obitusry article cbirjed
;-icsadfertismtnts. . . . .
eX liberal deduction made to those ubo wuh.o
-adrerthe at length for comidermMe periods rflime.
The pritiiete of annua! adfertiseri is limild o
:ihir own immediate businew nd all advertise-
acnts for U.e benefit r olbers as i
4vertUemeats sent in by lhem. must be paid tor
y the square.
Ka dTertisement will be gorernedby the year
y rata nnlns speciGr tontiact and pajmenl t
ad before hand. . t.j
Personal alurcaUons.nhcn admUsibk charged
double he usual riles.
JteporU.resoloiKs or rroceed.BKSroy cor-(
pormtion ocicty associat.on or public
I-j 1 :..iinnr.i7nllo cart alleuuon 10
anvaatterofUaitcdor indinduU iniereJcani
1.-1 i ..:.i r..r .a.rnisoineuls.
Any i'tei alios made m adertiscoent after may
asv sen insened will couaUtme new iiisertiuni
XVhea adrtnixemenu are sent to the office.wilh-
at the number or iweruoas laarsea mu ""!
tbey will be kept in until sopped by the JverUser
No paper will be duconunued until allaneara-
ULiruusrsto the Editor connected win the ban-
aeworiheiwptr.muitbepwtpMcrlUevttilluol tierccaired. J . .
Uv o.Yijwnml.Sufecriber. nhodonel
Eire express notice to the coauary are considered
2. U iubcriberi order the discontuiuneecl tueiri
papers the publuher xatf coniinueio cuu vw-
lit! all that is dne be paid. .
J. Ifiubscribers neglect or refue toUke their
paper uoralhe oSce 10 which they are directed
Ibcj are hrfd respoMiWelill ibej have sellltd iheir
Ml and order their paper dlxsmUnaed.
4 If ubscribeH remove to other place without
iafoVwins the nublUhers and the paper is sent to
lit former direction they are held reijoaie.
4. The Court have decided that rrfcsinp to
take a paper or periodical Irom the office or re-
Marinj acdWviufit nneaKedrorU yrimaoe
-rsdcaoaof intentional tiaud!
JudsaThompioo f Itdina deaded recently.
Tht wber a .nbscrilr to a periodical filled
lo ainify 'he editor to discontinue the paper a the
ad oflhetime fcr which be subscribed or pay up
tka -arrearages he was bound for auolliei year.
A year or two MLcr the Circuit Counoi Peun-
rlTaai a decided
-Taaihere -a Poii Mater faHed to notify the
rabli.htr ol ntwpapeivba. their paper were sol
luiea t fcajfccq t. t i
CoXFtiORATION Or TUB PrKIDCXT3
Hossr. Od Sunday evening last a lit-
tle aliT ntghl-fall the Government house
fonnerly tlriown as the Pteiidctt's House
was. discovered to be on fire. As soon as
thaeryxf tirkI war heard there was a
simultaneous rush to the spot from whence
ifproceeiedj and if there hal been a weld
or even abarrcVor water on the ground in
das time that beautiful edifice could have
ben saved ithcase. The fire it appears
was communicated by spark or cinder
hiving faiLn from a brand which a servant
wsscaTjing.fjom.lho kitchen lor the pur-
pose of kindling a fire in the house. Tnis
epark or cinder was dropped by the servant
B the floor of the back portico and was
blown through a crack in the floor whore
ihera was a pircet of dry trash which im-
mediately caught on fire and in a little time
th flsmes were bursting up through ihe
floor of the portico. About the time that the
flames began to issne frtely from beneath'
lb floor there were sufficient number
of persons upon the ground to nave instant
ly.exungu'ubed theravu'ha few buckets of
wattrr but unfortunately the insulated
position of the house together whh the re
moteness of wells (there being none on
die premises) prevented a sufaeient quan
lity of water from being ptocured in time
to baapplied with the desired eSecL The
wind was blowing very bard from the soutb(
and in a short time alter the fire had been
abandoned to take its course the flames
.spread throughout the building. The
tnoit of the furniture papers etc. were sa.
red. Among the papers were important doc
ntnenti Belonging to the Post Office Depart
raent. "The loss of this neat relic of our
ormcr nationality says the Democrat of
"Wednesday) is .sensibly felt by the citizens
of Austin and should strike a tender chord
ia'lhebreast.of every son of the Lone Star
Through the .indefatigable exertions of
Mr Wilcox; Mr. Cockburn citizens of this
place and otb6r- the outhouses kitchen
'stblei -etc. were saved notwithstanding
ibey'were but exhort distance from the
houss wHicb waij consumed and the wind'
blowjng.vi6lentIy all the while directly to"
s Ourcitizeniprpcedsd foabwhlf lo the or-
ganization' of 1'f.TC eostpany which held
ils firiUueetJus on Tuesday eveping last.
Auit. Nvx Eth.
tOrJ'tefitt of AtUAorthip Bo? Vill
olvBaanothcr Christmas tale. He is .mid
"" - (uTTlublMor-U'i-JuC
to'be making fifteen thousand poundaayear.
'Liutraluewelfor in Eur'ojiB--i-
-totrJ4"l"WitJ' jrSendTt off lo-M exicp?
-".-' . . . . i j
Texas Cotton"-WeaiVe seen a'sample
of ver) superior Cotton raised upon the
plantation ot Capuiin C. C. HYroert on
Uio Colorado River in the vleintty oTEagle
Lake Stale of Texas. The staple is rttnar-
. u ..... u ""i"" -
kablylon the fibre silky ami the color
' . ' ...
neb' We understand that this
Cotton lias Deea'exhibited to .several "Bro
kers ofthis'city". who pronounce It sUpcrr
or to anything they buva seen in oor mar-
ket much finer than the Mastodon and near-
ly equal to the Sea- IslanJ. But it is
neither the Sea IslanJ Mastodon nor any
Cotton from the seed or foreign growth.
It is an upland long staple Cotton and
by Capt Herbell on the' Texas upland
some four years and has not deteriorated.
Thesitlkis larger than the' common Cotton
and the joints ' nearer together. The bolls
are larger than the Mexican but rather small
ler than the Mastodon. It bulls heavily
and retains the Cotton. The seeds are of
a vellowish cast and differ from the seeds
of the .Mexican Cotton only iri the color.-
- ..." - . . rf
CapL Herbert will nrobab'y raise some
thirty or forty bales of tbis Coubn next sea'
The proceadiu'gs of-theOrdSr of Odd
Ffllows upon the occasion' of "dedicauog
their new haU-xvbich' had just bceo com
pleted in Philadelphia are represented as
being magnificent and gaudy in the extreme
The Philadelphia Ledger smtfs that on
Thursday morning more than five thousand
strangers had anivrd in town either as
r.ectatnrs or as participants in Iheftrte.
The procijn is said to have embraced
from 5000 to 6000 members o! the Order
and rivalled in spltnJor pomp andcircum
stance any thing that had ever betn .wit-
nesjed in the cky The rich and gaudyban
ners the infinite variety and munificence
of the emWrmslKesupeib badges that were
every whore displayed the unsurpassed
beauty of the regalia and other trappings of
the Older together with the enlivening
strains of musk from several of the btsi
bands in the Union all combined to ten-
der the procesiiea a scene of unequalled
beauiy and magnificent grandeur.
Delegates from the Grand Snd snboldinate
divisions of about twenty Stales in the
Union were in aitrndance- The whole
proceeding passed off with the utmost liar
mony and cordialhy of feeling nothing
occurring during the day to mar in the sligh.
lest degree the pleasure that all must have
felt upon the proud occasion. The crow
ded state ol our columns compels us to be
content with this brief notice otherwise we
should take pleasure in transferring to our
paperfor the satisfaction of these inoreMerp
Jy interested some ol the brilliant deicrip-
tiOns of the ceremonies which appeared in
the eastern papers. iVaiA Union.
Mr. Clay. This gentleman has gone
to N. Orleans to speni the winter he is
in fine health and no doubt feels himself
as well qualified for the Presidency as he
did a quarter of a centurv aco. Since the
laic sscccssca of the Mrhigs.his ptosprela for
another race have brighteneJ his prospecs
for elcct.oa.towcvcrno arc bettrr. If he had
the Presidency within his grasp at present
be would do something to defert its enjoy
ment iNasA Union
GOV. BOUCIC'S OLD WHITE HORSE
we presume that the name and repu
tation if Gov. Bouek the present sub treas
urer of the city of New York are faraili
nr to the most of our readers; and that they
may know tomrthmg orlns "old white
horse" we copy the following from the
new York Suk Dollar Newspaper.
The oW while horse is now about fificn
years of age but quite biisk and lively.
He was first introduced to the people of
Scoharie county in the the State election in
1S42. When Mr. Bouck accepted" the
eomination as governor be started on tne
old "while horse on a 'pilgrimage amoog
the moantains. The rood Duch people
turned out to meal him in every direction
and the Governor would' address them in
tlieir native Dutch which ha speaks with
great fluency. His perch was alway? the
same at eveytown and the old horse got
so well acquainted with if I hit ho knew
exactly when his master" had finished. Ai
the end of the speech he would lead off with
a regular horse laugh which was tne sig-
nal for a hurra from the audience His
wonderful sagacity was the general talk;
and the accounts spread among the bills in
advance of the Governor positively asserted
that the horse "shpoie te low Dotch like a
pook." this increased the excitement.
Sentinels were posted on the bill tops to
warn the villagers ot tho Governors ap-
pearance so that all might have a chance to
see the old white horse. So the Governor
was elected by an overwhelmingrnajority.
and to ibis day the good Dutch people of
the bcboharie Moun'ams will tell yan that "
Gov Pouck's old vite horse spbeaks ielow
Dotch like a pook." This valuable animal
city now1' be leen occasionally in-Wall
greet carrying loads 'of'' specie 'f'oiri the
banks-for Gov Bouck' to lock up1 in thu.
iron vaultsnotil he'hastiineto count'it'and
. . i- -j
Oor Gitit Is daily improvirij; every
hoiAe is occnpied.acd a conjideraWer nnraber
of families are encamned in the riciniivJ
being Unable to procure booses. Several
new buildings are going up end many con-
template'improving their town lots in the
course of the present-season. At feast fifty
private dwellings coTild at present bead-
vantageousty rented and sold ia thUciiy;
and we are informed thai several new stores
would immediately be opened if suitable
houses could be obtained for the purpose.
There are Ji tins time nine fell dry goods
and grocery stores and six rotafi grocems
or coffte-bouses. in Austin a ad erertrao of
them is doing a proftebfebuMftess: There
are also seven er eight pubHc aI private
boarding bouses with an average of ten orj
fifteen boarders eehbcttdestbe numerous
host of transient persons who are ckHy com.
incin and coins oat of the city. Oar' streets
are thronged wkb strangers and hardly a
day passes without riieappearastee of newly
anived emigrant's wagon; ete stepping in
-or about the cky and others goia: through
to the west. We do not remember lo have
seen such an inffox of emrgtmioi! lo any
new country as is new poarwr rate Texas
from all quarters efthe United Status and
portions of Europe. We wereiufortBtd by a
gentleman who arrivid in this place a few
days swce.hhat thrre are net lei than three
hundred families bow on tfawaide f lied
Rter on their way to western Tas: about
fifty of these ate leaked for mi ibis city in
i the course of a few days.
There certainly a ever can ba better ilme
than the presto ler those who design emi-
grating to Texas The iwsi craps we have
tver seendurloca retidcttce ofaearly twelve
years in the cotmtry were made tnis ytar;
and with the exceptrea of parhaps-two we
have never witnessed so Sue a fall season as
the pres nt has been thus far for these who
wish to improve new farms with a view to
getting in a crop next Spring. There have
been but fow days too iaclersrnt la admit of
persons working ia tbeir fields on their ft-ncet
and houses or in the waodV WRMOtrt tae lean
inconvenience ar exposure Sa miM-and o-
p n has been'the weather to far. that fcmilirs
could remain in rode trttft with a consider-
able degree of comfort until better icsementf
could be construc-tt.fr ibrir reception. - We
would say agaia la taeso who wish lo remon
to Ttxtu: corae oa now is the time for you
to procure cheap and valuable hoots for
youtseijesjand. chiWten.tfsfcrt Nev J2nt'
Tuk Order or Odo Fellows. It is
stated that the origin of the order of Odd
Fellow s Is an antique date. Tlie New Or-
leans Deka says that It was Hist established
dy the ltomans soldiers in campafter in in.
ner oi the Israelites during the reign of Ne-
ro the Reman Emperor wba commenced
bis reign A. D. 55 at wtich lime thty
were called fellow citizens. The name of
Odd Fellow was given to this order of mm
A. D. 79 by Titus Caaar Emperor o!
Rome; from their singularity of notions and
from their kaowingeach other by night aa
by day and for tbeir country lie not bnly
gave them the name of Odd Fellows but at
the same time as a pledge of his friend
ship presented them with a dispensation en
graved on a plate of gokl having tha follow
ing emblems namely 'The Royal Arch
of Titus Caesar the aik o! the convenant.
the goldtn candlesticks the goMcn tables
(weighing one "great talent) The sun for
N- G. the moon and stars r V. Ua latnn
far secretary the lion for guardian the doveN
fur warden and the emhkm of mortality for
the G. M.
The Liverpool Times has iht following
paragraph in reference la the above order
It appeals that this society saw miiMers
near 11.00 members in ibis d tstriet and n
bove 1000 in Birkenhead; and that the total
number in the Empire it 300000. A-
raongst these are not fewer laan 100 mem
bars of Parliament besiaas taagitlreles and
clergymen in abundance. Lard Brougham
Lord -Sandon Mr. Justice Creswell and.
Sir.Jothuo Walrosley are Members in our
"Cbriilopher North rbukes inardiuate sell
citetm in youug.oiataisrby ttUiing -icrv
like the following; '-Acenatf yauac cicr-I
gyman who wasbyno mao deposed 10!
underrate lb powers of his doqaence bai
ing bern invnfcdno'praaek in a neighbotingj
parish complied. While preacbiirg he no
ticed that one of his audience an interesting
looking woman in mourning attfre appear
tobedteplyafTrcted. Iheyungmac wbtn
s-.rvice was over spoke much to the miais'er
of the parish a bout the case with tvidenl
gratification at the powerful effect of his dis
course and proposed visiting the distressed
hearer at her own bouse This was acced
ed to and having called upon her; the y;ung
man opened the conversation "I perceived
my 'dear friend' said he that you seem to fael I
very much under my discourse this morn
ing; wilt you give us seme account ol the
exercise of your ruino? Ahl-said tho wo
man 'I djd indeed feel very much as you say.
You must know sir that I am a poorvid-
ow I had a good rftiiband every week he
and I .won Id .take the old ass with our rata
jngSfjfronxthe gatdtn fittibyoursalescoold
n . -'t ' - . " J-
jibreejyears ago mylniavdiHJ5tpThtn I bad
to -go-falone ond:do''lho"bcsf 1 eouM
' W r'l 1. rl .L ?L-r I m.I
with x iKwheln of 'thelocood ow
. . r ij"
beast. But a year ago my dear oU ass died
l-ra .tin Imrv tntft tir nnu hare I
have been alone ever since and ibis morning
(she. continued sobbing) when I went to
church and heard your voice-!! sounded so
much like the dear old ass.that I couM'nt help
crying indeed I could not. Boo hoo bool'
PaiSTER'a Rule Subscribe for bis
paper and payfoi it he is at great expense
and trouble and only asWs a ww uimes rrosn
each one to enable him to carry on his pa
per and in return for Uiese dimes yoa get
ten limes their value. -
Advertise in his paper for it is to your m
terest as well as huvibaf yousftWiH'dB so.
Da not frrquent the printing room kia
place Wr work not for Wle chit that. Pria-
lers cannot work and talk at the same time
and you should hot go into the room unless
your have very particular busraes.
Do not ask the ediar.for the news bt
tell' him the net's. The editor pan all ins
news-in the papsr.
Do net lend your paper bat make the
would-be borrower subscribe.
WLett you write to an editor; pay the post-
3"r; unless he bas requested you lo anliiaate
to his paper.
ItOTV'AI. FLOUR-KOVAL. PK1CE.
The Cats vis; ttrt Vol; Times Ji I1
Mr. ' Ileaty SaAa aa eaterprittaf; raHkr of He
Kariaialacvuatyseai ab birr bf the eaofeer
uMtaae Oaaoce Boar nuatltaolarw! at abatH
in. Ufcet.Uaad.loafae aftif to Que VtOuna
ac4 tor Mt.vn m 4c maa c recciicd fiAn her
Maje.y itcesfirtabiillKi'aoflis finiwf
dtfluri. 1 ft fcar w j pot i? m b:;tlf awsaed
turnk'neaily rarubbri inet.Nd ia taefej d
irwanSl direet-te the Qutea at Loadeo.. TIm
Lfortanatc esptrmieat apac the apf atrte af Kojpy
Kcattku hate xuifedbcr Majesty'i piWle so area-
ly iitl ia aMaioa to the aatfle rcamaeiaiiB for
W first aarCBtareBe basmiatlr l eel vol aa or
der direc froaa Leedes (W oWrt tJUaroW bmmh
more Mof the ae tort" which be ha prof ly fur-
warded BafariaA- Y.) Timet.
It is a stegatar and aOktiag chco:iacet
coufirmed by. U.e latest vUfcer. lov lac aaere at
rtshcT'sUlaad (Ike iceae f th: Uta daaHt
uf t e Meauicr AUomk.) that the BcU of the
Steamer still tells over an see.e of desolaiioa.
That narnVfUK wretV to vcbiehu ! attacked
lappeuedlo kdre ia Lca a pes ilica itultae M
twjopporud oatoftae waieijasitiltf-JaauyaiJjjtjhousandfive hundred and sixteen
of every wave jtriirs twice; aadio nigataadiiay
iK on Mc aoteful notes.
A Novei. Guvr. Oae "John BiewB"wri-
ib IreaaGtD. KiuaMT' easOj -sa tae Ptaau"
July 23" that 4ea3a aa InJIas grate dissever-
ed oa tktir rome.-
"Tht other evmiojit eai camp Bear Ike crua-
Jj I foaad. Is the tnp of a large eoftoawoet! tfe.
Ike 'rare ufan larfiaa proUMf a chief &o bod-
y nraped intiDtanlaidoa mau rtilcia hi
toCSepoiewfticaiie Pxsa across mo targe
. . . ... .. i
IIXWK ilr.WW. -M- . ww-
climbed up to it held Mi bow irioiri irarclaa
mealeia gaard.elc. The birds hid picked seve
ral boles through his wiadtej iheet lo xetathi
flesh Over the whole depo.it lbeikta.uhkhted
..t.MH Vk a.J i.i- Inaa Jj1wm tiatUla
stretched. atdiU nhele .MbloDt w
secured to thetrteitriasscatfraaibafialBhide.
We Iffih'ni alone ia Uclaiy with kk airy rutin;
The captain of c ship had laid in a batket
of claret for bis own table. Afo-r being some
time at sea'is he was overhauling his cabta
stores he thought more bottles Vcre missing
than he cbaU remember uf having ustd.
While ri Meeting upon the subject the idea
occured lo him that probably the cabin boy
I was the cause of thp deficiency. To ascer
tain the truth of his suspicious be conrealed
bims.elf in a stale room and waited until the
time for preparing dinner. The boy soon
ranie in and having arranged the table
wi nt to the basket took out a boule and said
"Jean von Doistrn born in Rotterdam in.
tends Marriage with Miss Rbsina Claret born
in uurgunuy. police is nertoy given lor
the first second and third time; if no man
a- a t -
I appears to forbid the banns the ceremony
will immediately take place. I he roguish
fellow thereupon placed the bottle to bis
mouth and drained it. and cast it out of the
window. The captain said nothing but af
ter dinner went upon deck povidrd himscil
wHia gopd rope's end and callftl the
o hiai. Jxao. sautie "1 esot (ometaior
mierestir.e to tel! you: I'm
you roait'id" 'S o."
caiuoa an anaioua stance at th lope'a rni
"have me married capuic?"
roiVeolBMioUhvioiBe of the saea whOluCT -"'i -... oj
lisien and tae that ii is done
aw." The captttiorietated bis voice a as
lobe heard all over the ship aud cried
"Know all men that Jean von Do rstee barn
in Rotterdam intends marrTage with Missjiael'f"iura:-5ii'0's of dnas.
Barbara Ropes born in Russia. Notice is
hereby civenfor the fi.st second ami thud
iime-. if no raanaDnears to forbid the banns
the ceremony will immedtatly ukc pi?ee.
Hereupon the jolly sailor raised his arm te
perform the interesting ceremonv but before
it deseeoded. Jean proclniraed. in a loud
voicruIfoibidthebanns. "What you ras-
ca!" said the enptafn. "did you not drink
mvelarei?" "Yes; but if you know k. veu
also know that I did it all according to law.
If vou had forbidden thobahnsas Idc now.
t .hnnld not have louthed iV The casta in
: iJ-i.n.i t.jli.
ItiUme I'll Itfyoa C00at
could noUrepress a
rmembtrflf da'cvef cast ber ey"s- on:
- i ; a' -wt i J'Vn !W - s . i
Miss Clarelagatnyon shalj be wedded to
! i: r.... . ...U - .lHL k tMI mnt I
Miss. Ropes in such a stylo that' you'll not
forget the ceremony to your dying day.'
rjr3-Tha NIY. Mercantile Library Aa.
sectarian possess "a "library containing 2i
000 volumes and a very excelleat ree
The Ntu Pops is carrying on his reforms
in a bold cud vigorous manner and the
people oi Italy unused to the spectacle of
having .a friend at courtjare overflowing!
withjoy. Among other things he is said to
be in favor of abolishing capital punishment
1 and substituting for it imprisonment for life.
In all these .mavamenu bb holiness invades I
the recesses of privilege and hence he has
incurred the hatred of the aristocrats. His
life is aaidtojie in danger. A latter printed
in Hamburg from Rome says that ihe lifej
of the Pope is .not safe. His holiness has
received many warnings and must make a
virtua of neceuitvi Hi dinner u cred at
eforen o'clock and remains standing till one
k is cold- it U thin examined by a chemist.
and warmed on the dinner table over a spirit
lamp. His cup of chocolate for breakfast is
prepared by the Camerario ia his immediate
presence. When he goes to muse he takes
ibe boat the wins and the water with him; at
a cat la hi convent where ha lately intended
la administer the sacrament he neither per
formed the ceremony nor took the usual te
frisaHKDU. Such ia the life of Pius the ninth
lac groatest benefactor cf tho Roman states
PittSSI DEN TS .MESSAGE.
(can (ia iterf )
Ibe aenaal report of the Secretary of the
Treasury wflt exhibit a detaHtd statement
ai the condition of the finances The im
parts for the deal year endincr the 30ih of
'uoe bit were of the value of one hundred
and twenty one million six hundred and
ninety-one thousand sevrn buadrtd and
ninety se?en dollars; leaving the amount ro-l
mined in the country for domestic eofliump-
lianone hundred and trn million three hun-
dred and forty five thousand one bundled aad
seventy-four dollars. The value of the ex-
pnrts for the same period was one hundred
and thirteen million four hundred and eigh-
f!oilar of nlireh onp hunJrii! and
lion oae hundred and fortv-one thousand I
eigh huodrod and niatty-three dollars con.
sisted of domestic productions and eleven
million three hundred aad fortys:x Utaasand
six hundred and twenty-three dollars ef for
Tha receipts into the Treasury for the
same year were twenty-nine million four
handre4l anj ninety-nine thousand two faun.
. . 1..I.. J .; ...
of which tbeie was- derived from customs
iwenty-six million seven hundred and twelve
thousand six hundred and sixty-seven dollars
ej h -eTen ceoU ff0m rf yjc
I 3 f
lauds two million s.x hundred and ninety
jfoar thottsand four hunired and fifty twodol
Jars and forty-eight cenlsand from incidental
and miscellaneous sourcts ninety-two thou-
sand one hundred and twenty six dollars and
sevemyoue ceuu. ic oapeouHures .or
ibe tame period :vere twenty eight million
thirty-one thousand one hundred andfouittcn
(dollars aod twenty cenis and the balance in
the Traesuiy on the first day of July last
was nine million one hundred and twenty six
thousand four hundred acd thirty nine dol
lars and eight cents.
The amount of the public debt including
Treasury notes on the first of tha present
month was twenty-four million two bunJred
and fifty-six thousand four hundred and nine
ty-four dollars aud sixty cenb; ofhich
ihe sum ot seventeen million seven hundred
land eighty eight lhousaod seven hundred
I . i . ... J-M " I -;
anu nme'y-nme uouars auu sniy-iwo cents
was outstanding on the fourth of March
18-15 leaving the amount incurred aincethal
time six million four hundred ai.d sixij-severr
thousand six hundred aod ninety four dollars
and ninety eight cents.
In otder to prosecute ihe war iviih Mex
eo wVh vigor and energy as ike best
bay-Uwas of bringing it to aspetdy and honor-
able tec raiuation.a further-loan willbeneces
sasylu meet lucxpenuitu res oi the pnseni
a..d ihe nexftsrdl years lithe war should
1 ' be cu'.IuUt
Vnti! tile 30th of
the next fik
I year it h
estimated iDatatrVaddnionl loan of twenty
ih ice million- of irailau will be. required
This eitimatS. is raaae uptin-Kue aseeniptien'
that it will be nectssaryjo retain constamfy
803fl1 against ecuilngencjes If soetTsurplas
were not required lo be retaUijJ then a loan
of nineteen roillioi.s ofdolldu would bejsuf
. ... .
hetent If however U)ngrceujd3i the
preseut session impose a rejremie duty on
the principal articles now embiasfd m the
free list.it is estimated that an addrfiprwl an
nual revenue of about two millions anda
hat amounting it is estimated on the 30ih
ofJune 1813 to lour millions cldolfors
" be derived fiom that source; anddjie
0 rfqoir OTaa teduced ay tBai
amount' It is estimated also that should
Congress'graduata and reduce the price of
such of the public lands as bavaibecn: long
.; - ihamarketslhBla'ddilKlia'l'?evenn'!lri.il
aril years to come e:wecn Kalfa'mlllion
. ' -
anda million of dajlarr and the loan requir-
ed may bo reduced by tha! amount ajio.
Should tbfse measures bo adopted theoan
I required would not probably exceed eighteen
I Ar nin.lHn .wllr...... f Jlt I 7 f
. niuw i.iiiuuuj oi uouars eavuig m
tha Treasury a constant surplus of foucraiI-
lions of dollar;. The loan proposed ft ia
estimated will be sufficient to cover the ne-
cessary expenditures both for the war and
for all other purpose? dp to the 30th of June
1843; and an amount of this loan.not exceed
og one half miy be required during tho
Iptesent Cical year -and tlie greater prt of
the remainder du'iing the' first halfoT tha
fiscal year succeeding. " 1'
In order that timely notTee may be given
and proper measures takea to effect ffcejoan
or such portion of it as .may be rrquire..tt is
I important that the authority of Congress to
make it be givenat an early period of your
present session. It Is snggesd thatT tbejoau
should be contracted for a period of twenty
years with authority to purchase the stock
and pay it o(T an earlier period at its mar-
ket value out ofany surplus which may at
any lime be in the Treasury applicable to
that purpose. After theestablisbment of peace
with .Mexico.it is supposed that a considerable
surplus will exist and that the debt may bo
extinguished ia a much shorter period than
tthat for which it may be contracted! Tfce
period of twenty years as thitfor which the
me proposea loan may oe contracted jn pre-
ference to a shorter period is suggested bc-
caujo'all experience bcih at homeand a-
broad has shown that loans are r fleeted up-
on much better terms upon long time than
when they are reimbuisabfo at short dates.
Necessary" as this measure is to sustain
the honor and the inurest of the country en-
gaged hi a foreign war it is not doubted but
that Congress will promptly authorize it.
Tha balance in the Treasury oa the first
of July last exceeded nine mitfions of dollars
EoiwKhjtandiogJconsideMuIe expenditures had
been made for tho war during the months of
May and June preceding. But for the war
ihe whole public debt could acd would have
been ixtmguishcd within a stoit period-
aad it was a part ot my settled policy to do
so and thus relieve the people from its bui-
den and place the Government in a position
which would enable it to reduce the public
rxpendkures 10 that economical atanlard
SCaifiwist consistent with the general
welfare and ihapWfrSflJjjholesome pro
gress ofoar institutions ""
Among our just causes of complaint
against Mexico arising out ef her rWusul to
treat for peace ai well before as ainee th
war so nnjustIy;comraenccd on her part ara
the extraordinary expenditures in whit wa
hive been involved. Justice to our onn
people will make it proper that Mexico
should be held responsible for these expen.
Economy in the public expenditures is
at all times a high duly which all public
functionanes cf the government owe to tho
people. This duty becomes the more iin.
perative in a period of war when large and
extraordinary .expenditures become unavoid-
able. During the existence cf the wr h
McxEco all our resources should be husban-
dtd and n(J tftnplMo made t
such as are absolutely nccewary for its vig-
orous prosecution and the due administra-
tion of the Government. Objects of appropri-
ation which in peace may be deemed useful
or proper but which are not indtspensablo
for the public service miy when the coun-
try is engaged ia a foreign war be well
postponed to a future period. By the ob-
servance of this policy at your preseni'sea-
sioo large amounts may be saved to the
Treasury and be applied to the objects l
pre5jftgand urgent necessity and thus me
creation of a corresponding amount of pub.
lie debt may be avbicd.
It is not meant to recommend that the ordi-
nary aud accessary appropriaiions for tho
suppoit of Goveinmnni scoufd ba withheld
bulk is well known that at every session
of.Congneas appropriations are proposed
for numerous objects which mav m"mi
not be made Without materially afiecimg
the public interests; and thrse it is recora.
msaded sbuuhl not be granted.
The act pasted at your last session "ra-
ducintr the duties oa ioiDoils' not hnr.
mg gone into operation until thV first of
the present roouiti there has not been time
for us practical tfiect upon the revenue and
the business of the country to be developed
H is not doubted however tha: the just pol-tt-y
which it adups will add a gely to our
toreign tnuhyt promote the general prosper-
ny. AkboJgh it cannot Be ccrtuiuly foiejetn
vbat amount oirevenueit will jleM "it
estimaitd that it will exceed that Droduerd
by ihe act ot 1 842. which U superseded.
The leadingprinciplea established by if ara
to levy the taxes with a view to- raise reven-
ue aad to impose them upon the artfde3
imported according to their actual value.
The act ol 1S12 by the excessive rates
of duly which it imposed on many articles
either totally excluded them from importa
tion. Or greatly reduced the amount minor-
:ti' and thus diminished instead of produ
cing revenue. 'By ft the taxes were fai-
jposed- not lor thti-giHmataJfpurposeof'ntt-
aK : oj? - Ha
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 39, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 23, 1847, newspaper, January 23, 1847; Clarksville, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80623/m1/1/: accessed December 2, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.