The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 24, Ed. 1, Saturday, February 9, 1850 Page: 1 of 4
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TEE NORTHERN STANDARD
CHARLES DE MORSE.
LOXC SHALL OUR BAXXER BRAVE THE BREEZE THE STAXDARD OP THE FREE.
EDITOR &. PROPRIETOR."
CLARK S VI LLE RED III VER COUNTY TEXAS SATURDAY FEBRUARY 9 1830
THE WANING MOON.
BY VV ILLIAM C L'LLLN BUY VXT.
I've watched too late ; the morn is near
One look at Coil's hioad silent skv ;
Oil hopes anil wishes vaudv dear
How in our vcrv strength ve die '
l'ven while jour glow is on the check
And scarce the high pursuit begun
The heart grnr s faint the hand grows weak
The task of life :s leli undone.
See where upon the horizon's brim
Lies the still cloud in glooaiv bars
The waning moon all pale .tiul dim
Sails up ar.ud llie eternal stars.
Late in a Hood of tender light
She Coiled through the ethereal blue
A soltcr sun lint shone all night
Upon the gathering I'ids of deu.
And still thou watiest. pallid moon:
The encroaching shadow grows apace ;
ileal en' everlasting watches soo'i
shall see tl ee blotted lroiu thj place.
Oil Night's dethroned and crnunless queen '
Well mil thi Mil expiring ray
Me shed oa thoe whose eves haio fecit
Hope" glorious usions ij.de awav.
Shine then fur forms that oi.ee were bright
iT s ige in the mind's (.clips;
For those whose words were spells of linht
But falter now on stammering hs-
In thi dccaving beam there lies
Full inanv a graie on hill and plain
Of thine who closed their dvmg ci.es
In Kticf lliat they hid hied m vain.
A"i:lijr nijht and thou among
The sphere's of heaven s'nll ceasj to shine
Al' I iikss in the glistering throng
Whosi lustre late was quenched in thine.
Yet soon a new anl tender hjht
From oji tliv d irkcued orb slnll be-Tii
And liru i.t.':: till it shines all mj;!it
On "listening dev. and glmimeniu stream.
it was to escape that tottering form that the firto spirits anil intend to make money befoie
t present constitution was fi-tmeu. we return. We have all been blessed with
1 Mr Bemov after further defending the health and arc well and hearty at present.
Union said that the resolutions read contra- Mr.JSmith came here sick but is on his feet
dieted the facts above stated the Assembly again. The old man lust both his animals
i had mistaken its power as well as the senti- by fatigue.
incuts of the people of .Missouri he did not The following arc the names of all of our
"object to receiving or printing the rcsolu-' party that are here: IJ. C. Lynch Robert
turns; tlte only object he had was to state the Rurbakor John J. Stephenson Eltsha Ward
following points: First that the General and hi brother William Ira and Claiborne
Assembly mistook the sentiments of the peo-' Isham. Thos Bradley Win. Eians. Oliicr
pie in adopting these resolutions. Second Stephenson Chailcs I Smith i.J. and R
the mi-took their own power in doing so.
Mr. Atchison said as no ohicctioti has
This i- not a fanning country to lake it in
I been made to print the resolutions that when thc mass. Theic are some paits that arc
' . . . . -.. . .. l.i It 1 1 r
himself ha- yielded 1 01) bushels of wheat to
tho acic.but that was not cvciy year. I haie
seen some of hi? wheat; it was belter than
any I ever saw before. His farm is in a vc-
the time ai rives' tho people of Missouri will good; the lanch ol a Mr. Wi.
prove to all mankind that ci cry sentiment in San Uiego as 1 was told by ft
the i evolutions will be sustained by them.
of the United Stales to settle "all questions
of boundary which may arise with other gov-
ernments " meaning of course govern-
ments olhcr than the United States. This
was a naked power coupled with no interest
which must be strictly construed. Under it
tlicT'I'Oxas boundary with any foreign gov-
ernment might have been settled. Hut as
the late treaty with Mexico removed the pos-
sibility of such a question with any other gov-
ernment tho power is at an end. Neither
could the United States thus acting as the
truslces of Texas to settle the boundary with
other governments acquire of any goi em-
inent a light in opposition to the claim of Tex
as. In assert sucn a proposition is to aim m
ADDRESS OF COL. WM. S. TODD
To lie Sons of Temperance ClarKsrillc Division
So. l2JklicaiJoii Christmas Jay 1810.
rU.I.ISIIED nV HElJfLST OF THE SOCIETY".
GtsTLCMEN- and Lvdils: In accordance with
llie usages of our order and m compliance with the
reqecst cf the illusion to which I am atiichcd I
appear before vim this day as the advocate of the
hitter dregs of 113 poison. Who haa not witnessed
its desolating course in all grades of society ? Who
has not seen it gaining the mastery over the loftiest
minds and degrading below the level of the brute
creation that divine attribute of man which marks
the resemblance Iietween him and his'creatur. All
this and much more may with truth bo said of the
demoralizing the blighting the deadning influen-
ces of strong drink. Is it not then an evil a great
sacred cause of temperance. Tcmpcnncc m all ' moral and social evil threatening to pollute every
things is recoinmei.dcd from the highest of all sour- hearth stone in the land and corrupt the very foun-
None will be found to
res but I advocate on the present occasion that tains of every social joj'
temperance especially which standi m opposition deny the solemn truth we may boldly challenge
Sir Henry Btilwcr was presented to the ry rich valley and all of it can be irrigated.
President bv (he Secretary of the S(ate on You have heard of the oats and clover that
Monday the 21th int. as the Envoy Extra-1 grow spontaneously it is a fict that they do
oidinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of grow so and mustard grows in the same way.
Grca' Britain. The Minister accompanied I have seen wild in iiint.iin tops coveied with
l... .t..i;. nrv f In.! Irftpr nf rrpilnncn wffli fine oats and vallevs covered with clover
the Mihjoincd remark: land mustard. The luwcr part of California to settle the boundary in the treaty with Mei- of scriptuic to ' touch not taste not handle not
"Sir. I need not tav that it gives me the is a fine stock country. co have now no constitutional power to the unclean thing." Tint time mv friends no
sincercst gratification (o be the bearer of the." r . change or alter the boundary of Texas any . longer exists. Likntlm ! nf ti. .T.rt.- ....... ;
fl I .1 .l.. r .i o.. .
a denial What is the source and cause of this
crving evil m society ' Is it the result of any natural
defect in the moral or physical constitution of the
human family or is it the result of a conventional
custom growing out of a misdirection of the social
qualm- s of the heart1 In other words docs it not
to the benefit of that Slate. temperate use ol wine or anient spirits and de-
G. The United States having neglected manils ot its votaries in the imperative language
credentials which I have just had tho honor
of placing in your hands.
Permit n:e to say that in coming to your
country I do not feel that I come as a for-
eigner to a foreign land. Our nations speak
the same Ianguage.springfiom the same i ace
and seem especially enstructed bv Providence
w ith the same glorious task of illustrating the
Anglo-saxon name by extending the best in-
tercsts of civilization through two great di-
visions of the world
I have an entire confidence sir that our
two Governments will ret with the most per-
fect concord in carrj ing out this groat design
and for my own part I unfeignedly assure
ion that I could not haie a duly more con-
genial to ury feelings than that of cultivating
die most intimate and fiicndly relations be-
tween the Queen my soiereign.and that great
icpuhlic of which jou arc the wonhy and
' I tnnet .nMif. tn n ..liiart nj I lintn fl lirifl
. J. WUlllk. II IWO J . ....... ..
chance to write aud a pan of gold to clean
out this evening.
THE IiOUNDARY OF TEX VS.
We publish below a communication tioin
lion. Volney E. Howard touching the ter-
ritorial claims of Texas. We make this
. .r . l utii;i .ui iiu i v.uuvi f i.i
11IIIII1I-..1I1I1I1 IS ill! ili:L III iiisiici: lu tjit:iii:i.ii .... .. .. . XT
it . iii.. .- I lie constitution toiuius it. Having given
Howard and without the intention ot !"' hcr conscnt t0 thc alteia:iou only in a Par-
kimr nriv titninii rw fit flit merits nl (ho. r.nn- .. . .. .v..i
J ' T . ticular manner it cannot be cllected in
Wvsmxr.Tox- January I 1330.
To Vic Elllorsoflhc Union:
Your teport of the proceedings of the House
on Mr. Root's resolution docs not show that
jCpWc would dueet attention to the ad-
I offered to vote on the motion to lav on the
. Ill l.l l lIV.UUIu l .1113 '-'J "!. T . ..
table but was excluded under the rule Tcxag b(J suuNijcd illto fivc State
having been called out of the House lor a 2 That (n Stales somb of ;J3 .
moment on oii3incsspin(img inc caning oi toe
to the revels of the vvric cup which is i sworn
"-'i .. . . ....
that the trustees may acqune the subject mat- clcni' ol tlie cnslaung domination ol King Alco-
ter of the trust in opposition to thc bencfi- Time was even in the present hoisted age
ciary; or that the judge or aibitrator may of moral light and inlelleclual superiority when
adjudge the subject of controversy to him- upon an occasion like the present an aiiolojv would
self in opposition to the parties litigant. It have been deemed appropnate if not necessary.
is evident tliat ivnatcicr right tlie united from 01ie um siioujj btaiIj up tn jcrcnj the order i follow the moderate use of ardent spirits Itmost
States acquired under the treaty vvilh Mexico' - . f .n. r.m i i... ' .-.ii.. .i.... .i .-.: -m:.:.
. - P .1 1 t 1 I V' w.i vi J. i.lii:iVtUUVv ltu.lt 111111 Willi doauibUI) UULOi .4iU (.l llltltl I'ICOVilt JO k Jl villi:
to the country cast of the Kio Grande was . .. . . . - TT r ' --i t
.1 . r 'p i should espouse that cause which prohibits even thc witness of the fact. How often my menus have
acquired as the trustee ot Ic.xas and enures l ..-..
.iu till iuii:aOwU iiiu miuiuci iii.tiiii..o vi tut. uuiuati
heart by misdirection and improper iatlulgcnce ad-
ministering to the destruction of both body and soul.
Let us look in for a moment upon a social circle
where the eje may delight to linger and the appro-
hitiiig smile of the purest spirits of earth might be
supposed to brighten thc scene. Let us imagine a
fair picture of connubial happiness. Thc innocent
confiding wife scarcely more than a bride besida
him who has fondly and faithfully promised to love
honor and protect her. On his left hand perhaps
xas) The banner of our order r displaced and now floats I3 his w idow ed mother. Maternal love that strong-
' in triumph upon evcrv brctze bearing to every a"d most enduring of all earthly tics beams
section of our cxtene'ed countiy the happy infill-1 ftom ier a"11 sparkling eyes as she looks with tcn-
ence of "love purity and fldehtv.' Without apol-. oerness almost amounting to idolatry upon her
.t j ti . v I fTrct )utrn enn flirt rrnrttff rnt minlif in.I nfifilA fiv
i.ir... ..inii.ml "Kli 'cu my ieiiow-cmzensfc.1 snail attempt to '"" "" " B-"tj" ""j
- mm... :..:.. i..i: r : discuss the damrcr w Inch attemfa i-mn Km mn.!p. ing who has eicr delighted to do her honor and is
I. j. ill: juiin iLauiiuiuu3 ui iiiiiiutuiiuu t:v ----- ..... . ..
idently intended that the whole of New rate use of intoxicating liquors the certain and in
Mexico on the cast bank of the Rio Grande cvitablc ruin which results irom thc intemperate
should be embraced within the Stale ot lex- c f 1C same and to point out that remedy
as becanse they give llirce guaranties ap-. . lllJainciIt. !s iic nnK-surc and efTec-
Ihit . ' ' . ... . . . r
more tiian uat ot any ouier sovereign state. - )ns j)aaScJ aua7x trusl forru.r j a...
xv nils au iiiuu in iii luovj n .iiiiu itiai mm . . i t
.. . - .i . r 1 e great temperance battle has been fought and
this government without the consent of . D . ' " '
Maine could not negotiate for less than thc ! 0"Sh lu Sru-Ic W3S Intl1 aJ cago. truly
ciw of Maine. In his remarks on the res- lo"'' cl Mcuri' ""' "mv bo considered well nigh
olutions of annexation in the Senate Febrii- Jelueied. The flag of temperance has been un-
ary .I IS15 Col. Henton said: "In fact 'furled and now vvavc .dolt its capacious folds.
when once admitted as a State she (Icxas)
never can bo reduced without her consen
On the "2 Ith in the Semtc Mr. Dodge of
lowd.picscnted the pttitioii of Kichaid C'h m-
cv cJaiinmg pie-einptinn to a pmt of tin- land
ifo.v occtiiied by the town of Fort Madi-on
Iowa. It was refencd to the Committee on
Mr.. Kik picscnted the pelilinn of Wil-
lini Uaiaul j:-kuig that he inav be atilhor-
ized to continrt with the Goveiumint tor es-
tablishing a dncct line of oveiland Loiiunu-
nicalioii limn St Louis to San Francisco
It wns rcfciicd to the Committee on the
Pot Office and Post HoaiK.
Mr. DickixMix picscnted the procrcdmgs
of the Chamber of Commeico of New York
in favor of Whitnev 's plan lor the construc-
tion of n Uailroad lrom Lake Michigan to the
Mr. Si nvsTi n of Aikansas submitu d a
resolution requesting 'he Secietai) iif W.ii
to communicate to the Senate copies ol" the
repoit and map-of the suivev ol the mute
fiom Foil Smith Aik to S.mla Fe New
Me.xico made under nuthontv of the War
Dcpailmci.l by Lieut Simpson of the corp-
ol" Topogiaplucnl Engineei in 1810.
Mr. HitAtir.Liiv submilted ihe following
resolution which lies over for the eousideia-
tion of the Senate.
Resulted. 'I hat the Pi evident be requested
to cause tn be laid befoie the Senate all char-
ges which have been prefened oi filed in any
of thc depaitmi nK :iga:ii-t individuals who
liaic been removed limn office -mcc the 4th
lav of Marih It-X v. ith a specification of the
causes if any in which the officer- charged
have had oppoi '.unity to be heard and a
s!atf":;nt of the number of lemovals made
unriei eai ii departmeni
Mr. Dickix-OX- of Ne v r tk ' in -
to withdiaw fiom the files i
tual means of ridding the world of this greatest of
i moral eviis auu rescu.ng society irom lis anninui.
..:.;. Il.n M.nnn mnrnml.n linn V UVJ luflllCUCCS. DtUllkcilI'.esS IHV friCllllS. W lllcll
aves and noes. As all debate Was Cttt off by L ' . . r.l ..!.. is llie frmllnl imrent .if urn nf mtvprtv. nnI rnrnn
v crti.emcnl ol Maj. I5ov d m another column the prev ions question I w ish through your of the gamc 3 Tha jn ny Sta((J or Sutes of j ijc nte - ()f moJd.
respecting the advantages of lavvakaua paper to state the reasons l.vl should haio be ronnB of that -; s;c ;g two frequent indul-
ronneet.on with he location of the seat of voted to lay the resolution on the table proUibitcd. Now the Missouri compromise eni0 m esoc. . I Mass assure as the sieel fol'ows
n.itnrmtiniit ri nr. nciimil n- i m.n n I. Intbo first ill ice. Ido not believe !- -. . . . . i- ' . cnee in uic soci 11 fiass as sure as me sieei ioi.ows
".'"- V V. v . r . .1 '.-..- 1 .11 line uiviues tne country lormcriv comprised
.. n nn r.nnl. tlin Pilt.il.n.in 1 ino m ! I Jllllirl !s ll.lS 1 lie COIltltlltlmi.ll HOW CI- tn nlll)I- I . .. r - . J r- . ... . ' 1 1110 IlrlJIliei.
.. .. . ...ii.. ...... u .. ......I... ....7 1.1 w.. - j - tiiii. .1 nrii-n ii.nt (tl mo Km Ivr.tiulfi '
renlily possess all the advantages enumerated ish or inhibit slavery in the 1 erritories. Innnrlv ri.ntr..llv'Sint.i Ke lii-inrr in nbont
bv its liberal proprietor. A letter from Aus-j '2 As the resolution was intended to lltujc 35 o 43 lmmltes north It is incom- rat" drinking. Lxpenence shows llr.t it is almost
tin of the 10:h iiist.. siys "Theic is but.embiacc new Mexico and gives special prehpngible that thc Cuncrcas of the United a hopeless undertaking to attempt thc permanent
one place east of the Hiazos which from instruction to the committee it ought to have Sulc houlJ lavc lhll3 provided for the and eulciualrclunnationot the confirmed drunkard .
anut.mistakcablec-xprcs.onot j.uhl.c opinion ileiiica llie iioiin.arics 01 tne err.tory ae- domcsl;c government of this very tc.ritory. b. even-n-vv's obsen. ..inn an ... !. . n
To suppress drunkenness then it 13
absolutely necessary to rclorm the world m niode-
here from all qtinrlcrs. has thc least show
and lh.it place is the Tawakani Springs in
Limestone County." ISonhtim .IJrcilistr.
TH E ll O N I fTMTTRT Y OF
TontMi Du.ntxos California.
September 9th 1S10
I anived at the Gold Diggings on the SM
inst having been out five months Only
quired by the United States under the treaty
of Guadalupe Hid ilgn in such a intnncr as
to n'spect the rights of Texas; or if the in-
tention of the icsnliitiou was to disregaid the
claim of Texas it was due to thc state that
the intent should be distinctly announced.
1'iaiikiiess was ccitamly proper at .1 time
when an attempt has been made to organise
ntcnitoiiil government within the limits of
Texas limn which to introduce a delegate
upon the lloor of thc House. To such an
as a pait ol" Texas if it was in Mexico and
not in Texas. By what right could the Uni-
ted States in a compact with Texas assume
to regulate the government of a department
of Mexico and make nilcs for ils admission
as a State into the Vmericau Union? Thc
resolutions of annexation in lermi define
the boundaries ofTexas to thc extent of 0110
or more States north of 3( 30 minutes.
easy task to correct the moderate drinker and thus
prevent the debasing practice of drunkenness.
Chemistry teaches us that Alcohol is the ingre-
dient of ill intoxicating liquors which imparls to
them their destructive quihiics and 111 this connec-
tion it nny not be utiiutcrcslmg nor vet wholly 1111-
lustructivc to give a brief history ol lis invention.
It will at hnst show tint whatever virtue the artz-
ilnrteen of our patty leached the diggings outiage upon her rights and feelings when
together wuriiuis on tne route wcie Haul Cnniiinin ited Texas will not submit aj long
not one of us being able tn bring a horse as she can command a title to defend her
through We had all to purchase mules on j soil mite especially when this pretended
tin- half-way ginund and nriny of our hoys territorial government has been organized
were nut as many as lour amm 11 cacii. 1 under mibtary supervision by a few
comnact of anncxati m a applicable to this
ttimiJ . . r.i. 7?:.. ti i t.- ? . . .. 1-.. 1 ... r. ..-
...Bir l.r.U ..i.. r.... V l.nI Imti.t. r.n -'..:.' .1. 'r j ... : " " '"" -.ii ..1 iu iviu u.uu.iu. n .1 nun utsi 10 iinu a use lor u. 11 s a laci uenveu
;k i.n ;;; ;....c; ;;H;n; o; ::?tzjzz T& ni?d. .v!' ' '":- p- - -j -
i iving lost men andolhers having been com- the province of the "encral government to ( r .1 1 .-. 1 r. . . a long time exclusively used by tlie lair sex
pelled to cat snakes frogs and mules while ' eucopiagc scditon or rebellion in one of the ' "1 I5" t'. ' l1?" as 3 tenure to he sure but for the scarcely I
we had hall 1 at ions all tli. lime but ten divs 'States ol" this Union. The State ofTexas . 1 -.. 1 - .in- uti objecuoinble purpose ol paietin' their cheeks
The w e hnd plenty of ill meals v. hile g . n a3 nNlrcd officially that thc military gov cm- w ;dmttcd by hcr' Iaw 8;vcrv cxis(e j 'to mocking thc d.vme creator himself ... vain attempt
mg fiom losAngelos (Hie cilv ol the Angels) 1 nent m Santa he would cease with the war 1. .....'-. ....1 ..'.... .. 1 ; . n.Id b..nmv m ilm m.t hi.I.!.n.t..ri... ..l.
nrr iiiiiui-1 i iiiit riviti mi F-f.! i.iiiii vv .is in :.- ---1-1 -- -- ? " ... ..... v Va. atsj ui no
i ncy aser express- 11 u 10 mis exicnt tne 1 dts m IV 1)0sCSS ilsCr a3 a mtlilcwef ias.bCcn
count.yiightruly belongs to lexas and is al'cursej m 10 btra nil5apphcat.on of its
included with 1 her limits. And the limit ot . . .
... . ... . 1 uses vv e learn lrom authentic sources tint AIco-
one State tints given w ill include the whole
of New Mexico cast of thc Rio Grande- ll"' uas "'! at")ut jearsago in Arabia
There is a fourth guarantv given by the aid s-tra''Su as it 111 iy appear those who axe the
greatest sullcrers and the most innocent were the
ll... .Inn nir. .ii.fiir... ..I ..limit l .11 in n? ' .l It
khiii' iti"m-tH iiiuiiii i ifi uii'mii ujn iuui.1 Willi .viexico. -. i .1 i . r .
We had m-inr narrow trials i he savages I ; The claim ofTexas to the whole Rio 7" l by h '""olutions of annexation
i . i.ic.i.. ..:.i .1 -. .- i p. ' l ' . . me. uuii im tho prospective provision to operate in
lllll Ill'l'r li:ill .1 II" III ll illl llll'l.l. Mill- (II tl VIf.n.lA l.snt J imullli lit it mi .- nnilfn. . '
.... .... -- -. iiiuiiiii; iiuiii in iiiwuui cf in uuitu. nun m L? .... r. i ii. r vt- 12
:i Ti.in- iv.i uiriiiMii rnir: m in
but h was first prepircd in thc form of a powder af-
case . terwards as a liquid and dunn ' the reign of Wil-
J minutes ham and .Marv an act was nassml piiroiiraim.r I'm
... .. - . ' p-
as every hy increae.l our rage.- I contested by any intelligent lawver who "' .. " ' ' " B V " " ..' . ... """'V . '''' "dent spirits. Soon alter lutein-
. i ii . - i . . " - - ' - 3' II 1Ii1IU . 1 1(11. I1I11V 11 1 lil"). U L LU I L' Lf - ' . I rt t I .
ness to lie gailieimg gold All our imigini- i.ikes the trouble to invcstiir-iic thc I'rounds . J r i i . .i . . - i I'ane.-am proiagacy prcv men iosucii an exiem
lose any hor"
bv them Our lime pissed tnc J-2J degree of north latitude will never
' a Slate was formed north of 3'!
Nay moro; the lcsnhit'ons
t . . ii i i i .... .. s - s? iiois as uiipuciiuic: in mis luri inn i i.i ineu-
iir.nc unrp r r.li. vnlwnnll i inciinil imr ilns- .. l.:li t ..!.. '111 c . Hnnii. ' II . '
.... ... .. ...... . .... s.lw ning her nubile lauds to the navment of her
tinatinn vvilh broken down
tiul worn out clothing.
n our anival at a lew
mules no money faCy than that of supposing that thc United pul)l;c duot
I States succeeded to the lights of Mexico in i
miles below the any pi'ion of thc territory cast of the Rio
The bound tries of Texas as above
Wisiu.To Januaiy J r !
In lha Ilou-e a motion w.s made and car-
Tied to postpone the election of officers un-
fi Mune ay
Mr. CiiAN'nii r. presented a memoiial con
testing the seat ol .lir uouoins ot tnc fourth i. a-. ncr ll.. lend. CI. All inni-e.bmidise
District of Pcnnsih aula. A debate acros j lS tilh at these diggings and at thc Mari-
rclativelo theintcipretatinnof (he tule rcs-)l)onadiggings southwest of these and al
that the retiiicrs of ritoxicating dunks put up signs
m public phces informing the people that they
might get drunk for a penny and have straw to get
sober on into the bargain.
The first notice we h ne of its use in public life
in mines m
as used by
-cofTee 02 c per lb; sugar the same; i nr thc le-islativc departments oflioth envern- hiving been overturned and the States re- the l.nghsh solJicis as a cordial. In the ll.ih cen-
psi-U or dry or sea bread; 7oc; lice; l.T)c: lncnS. 'The treaty with Spain of 1S19 fixed duecd to depirtmcnts; nil of which together turv distilled spirits spread over the comment of
:ius being out of provisions wc "ll Gi'antle. Rctw ecu the republic ofTexas and mentioned were defined in the treaty with
lovv.thdiavv fiom the files. tee -senate la- mc property for as murh as made us two I tll(. LFnitcl Stales the question of bounihrv S'anla Anna which was a valid treaty bp'Ln'7 '
petition and papers of-Manuel Hnimmn a)lp.0 Tj coqt u one . a ilc . final..andc0llciuslVciy tICCo.i"- cause he represented a government not only Aas a - "1C ' ln "uii-anw
Tl.ej weie then lefened lo the Committee alld o ."0. I jjivc you a bill of pri-cs Vntion of 1SJS which received the sanction c fnelo but dc jure the federal constitution the lath ceiilmy. In llie vear 15S1 it vvj
saleratus fiS; coarse hrogan shoes. g7; to- .lr.ir.rn boindarv between Snain and the. with his authority were ratified by the Con
bacco $-2; MacKimw blankets ?32 each; . United States at thc 4-2d parallel of latitude. gress of Mcxic-v in I&.J3. Nor was it alTect- !u
licking shirts $-2; cotton pants. $7 to $S; 'n. trCaty of 1S23 revived tint boundary ' cd by tho fact tint Santa Anna was a piiso- WJ
cnimnn butcher knives S2 to $4; gun pnw-iirtwPPn ti. United States and Mexico rcc'.t-' ner of war at the time of its execution be- ' as
in" that the treaty of 1SI9 was binding upon cause it was executed by his gencraN who
peeling petitions pending which the H "ai
adjourneil till Monday
In the Senate lcstcrday after the resolu-
tions fiom the Missouri Legislature on ihe
subject of slavery and iustiuciiug Senators
to vote against the Wilmot Prov iso.
Mr Bextox- rose and asserted that thc
resolutions did not rcptcscnl thc sentiments
ol the people of Missouri who area law-abiding
Union-loving people and have not en-
tered into a combination to resist and intimi-
date the legislation of Congress; many mem-
bers of the Assembly who had voted for the
resolutions and the Governor who signed
them since disavowed and repudiated them;
whatever may he the wishes or opinions of
thc people of Missouri respecting the exten-
sion or non-CAtcnsion of slaiery in thc Ter-
ritories they hive no idea of resisting the
action of Congress on that subject notwith-
standing the pledge contained in the resolu-
tions to the contrary. There was thc mistake
the Missourians abide the law when it
comes subject to Ihe decision of thc ballot
bos and the Judiciary He concurred vvilh
them in their views of duly believing that the
only course consistent with order and the in-
tentions of our constitution and thc only one
which can save the Union from the fate of all
confederacies which have appeared and dis-
appeared in tho history of nations; anarchy
not tyranny has been the rock upon which
such confederacies have split.
The founders of our Governmentknovving
the dangers of this rock provided against it
they formed a Uaionnot a leagued federal
J cii ...........
Mexico. The convention between Texas were not prisoners ami especially uy t insoia
... tt -.1 r... Ct 3.1 5 ?.t.l.l ...l.. I.i l... nn.l ennnit I nnnntn mnnt
and tne uniicii siaies oi icj3 recueu inai iipnn wiuuu " w " 'i- " ri-.. ........ .
thc treaty vv.tli .Mexico ol iS-la
"is hindin-'thc authority of thc command and the facul-
I'urujie and about the same tunc they wereiutro
duced into the United States. Alcohol in Uuropc
as made from grapes a-ul sold in Italy and Spain
a medicine. The CIcroec aftcrvva'iU undo it
from grain and sold it in s-inll bottles as a med.cinc
under the name of " En do vie"' or waters o
life. Uniil thc loth century it was only kent bv
Wc have seen tnn from all pii Is of the' upon the icpuhlic ofTexas tho same having of chief devolved. Tho treaty was valid Apothecaries as a medicine. About 120 j cars ago
- 1 .. - T .1 .1. .. i ..ii . . l . . :... .. 1 'I' '.. M....I ilm etiiTilinn nf .s?nl. A mm - nnil .. -.. I l i - t. n-
diggings and we find that v.c can do as well been entered into at a time when lexas without the signatuin ol sania Anna; and t first began to be used a a beverage especially
here as at any other place. In the eouise! formed a part of the said United Mexican ! Mexico having acted on it. and received llie among the soldiers in thc Dish-h Colonics in North
of two months we can go out to the dry dig-
gings and do snmc better but from scat city
of water wc cannot go at present. So wc
have located oui selves here. C. P. Smith
And whereas it is deemed proper benelit ot its simulations couu not umicr ' vmci.;ca IHUier tIlc prcIH)!crous m month at it me-
i i . 1 . . .... l.i t... .P nf-ii tinniiiliofn tt iif nririrt i
and expedient in orucr to prevent lilturc tne i.i ". .......-. .v.. -Rented sickness kent ..IT colds n.l f.inrs. .l
made men fearless in thc field of ii itilc.
This my friends is a short sketch of the intro-
dismile.s and co isions between the United ccitamly not witliout returning inc property
Slates and Texas in regard to fhe boundary ' and military stores which were secured to
brother Robert and I have bought a wash-beliccen Ihe hco countries as dcsiznnled Ini the i her by the 'rcaty
ing machine which cost us four ounces of. Ircalij that a portion of thc same should be
gold also one tin pan at $12 and other ar- run and maikcd without unnecessary delay"
tides at equally high prices All washing &c. This convention was ratified and car-
machines ate fiom $50 to jpIoOandas simple ried out by the act of thc United States Con
9. Mexico herself virtually acknowledged uuclinn ot Vlcohul into society as a bevengc.
thc boundary of the treaty by her truce of Whit have been u iapul strides' What its fear-
1SU. anil ordered all the .Mexican settlements f imoc . lll0 IiA s aci. - olie hundred twentv
a league beyond the Ihe Rio Grande to be
as the feed-box of a wagon P-'cks shovels I !tL.sS of January 11 1S39 under which thc broken up. and the inhabitants to fall back on '"
l ears' What h is been the appalling history of its
and crowbars are worth half an ounce. eastern boundary ofTexas was actually run
As I feel under obligation to be frank with! and marked by the two governments as far as
you I send you particulars and facts that the Ulth degree of north latitude. Tiicvcry
jou may judge for yourself whether or not act under which this convention was ncgolia-
lt is worth a man's while to come to Cahfor- ted upon the patt ofTexas was her linundaiy
nia. For my part. I am well satisfied but act of ISi'5 bv which her boundary is dcclar-
this is not the case with all here. I will say cd to be the Rio Grande to its source; and
tins to all the boys: never start Tor California thence to thc 1 2d degiee ol north latitude;
unless you have plenty of sand in vour gii-innd thence cast and south nccording to boun-
7ards and "melts'' that will come aud go jdary formerly existing between the United
like gum-elastic. I would prefer coming by States and Mexico. This convention was an
water. If brother William were lieru he express recognition of the entire boundary
might make money al the carpenter business ' ofTexas and made with reference to the act
as that is very good here and will be for thc I of the Texas Congress of 133G. Whatever
next fivc jrais. At job work in that line at mi"ht have been its effect upon Mexico this
San Francisco Monterey Stockton or anv
of the ports a man can earn from $10 to 25
dollars per day; but woik of that kind is not
vet ready on account of lumber. Tents are
J the principal shelter at the new places.
Wc have had a rough representation of
the glories of California .hveryihing in this
legislature 110 act upon persons ana not ue coutry acquires a long tail by the time it
Mate and provided peaceable remedies for' u' - a-... m:;n.. ... . .nia
As to mining a man can make
me- gu-- from g5 t0 g3 per dayr if je work3 bard.
leagued Sometimes luck mav work in his favor ner-
nil micstions between lbi nennln mid ihe rmv- - r .
. D irom bo 10
eminent i ne ow conlederation was leagued ( Someimeg iuck may work ia h;3 faV0I.
ttllU tilt .glOlUllKB UUIIU1I U17UII OUIUII'IgU
ties wilhout power
.uii.cuc. ai.uu .j.-t.v. ( somelimeg luck may work r h3 fuvor per- of tho United States
acting upon sovcrcign-jiiapg jie may by chance make an ounce or j 5. Texas was admitted into the Union with
to act upon Us decrees ( xXOr yc j10 crrivcii bcro together aie in specifiod boundaries subject only to thc right i
convention is forever conclusive of the boun-
dary as against tho United States by an act
as solemn as a treaty stipulation.
. 4. Thc Texas act of boundary together
with other laws not inconsistent with the con-
stitution of tho United States the resolutions
of annexation or the constitution of tho
State was declared in force by the constitu-
tion under which she was admitted into the
Union and therefore ratified by the Congress
the Rio Gi anile treating all as traitors
m irch ' What its learful destruction of society '
Is ns history not wrilten in the wretchedness the
CutMil bnvnml llnl line- at least on the Rio
G ando. The Mexican commissioners w ho j car!' lUc -Tr(nls. tlic poverty the murder of lliou-
ncgotiated the present treaty have admiltcd an's upon thousands Has not its march been
that the Rio Giande has been indicated as through the lai.d in its length and breadth with the
tho boundaiy fur twelve years. The Amcri- tiead of a mighty giant leaving the impress of ils
can commissioner Mr. Trist in the ccrres-t (outsteps in the broken hearts the widows moan
pondencc with the Mexican government as- iic Tpnns crv venlv the very life's blood ol the
scrtcd the bound iries ofTexas as claimed by c ..- ' u!h l0 faIsc . rf
herself. It is fair to presume that vlexieo m- . .
... i r .i . . i . -.i ' social joy has it not presented itself at all times
tended to provide for the Ireaty of lSftfimth . J ; ' . ' .-.
Texas by making Disturnel's map of IS47 a( lml " J" PhcCa "' form of a fiem!' scourge'
part of the treaty and declaring it authentic. In trntli it has and wemav well ask in thcstukiug
which map shows the whole of thc country words of another: "What language can a ecu-
east of thc Rio Grande lobe in Texas and .xatcly portray its fatal march to death ! attended
New Mexico as defined by thc map entirely j u;ti the mournful intonations of human sutrerings."
situated west of that river. Thus the New. u j iKv 10t confine its ravages to the infatuated
Mexico acquired by the United States is del . aonCj Js m a Qf
fined as situated west of the Rio Grande by I .
nneu as iiu . .. J tress among the innocent as well as thc guilty
the treaty. Mexico has transfci red nothing . ... . t.u'".t
cast of that river. She admitted by tho map causing the entire family circle by its cruel devas-
that sho owned nothing on that side of thc talinn to grieve in bitter tones of anguish and sub-
Ufo Grande at tne time of ihe ratification of sist on the scanty pittance of poverty." None arc
I trust that the rights ol Texas in Santa Fe
will he speedily admitted for nothirg short
of this will avoid a serious collission with hcr
authority V. E. HOWARD.
secure from its withering influence. Thc high the
low the rich the poor all alike aro cngulnhed in
the destroying whirlpool. The pious mother tlie
deserted wife tho afflicted sister thc loving and
confiding daughter arc all made to drink of thc
indeed hcr only earthly stay in this vale of tears.
As she gaics upon him the sorrows of her widow-
hood seem half obliterated and she Iook3 tvith thc
eve ol" hope and joy upon the future eminence of
this the idol ol" her young heart. It was him that
first stirred thc deep pure waters of maternal love
in hcr guileless bosom and to him still as points
the unerring needle lo the pole her heart and soul
would cling with foad affection's grasp. Again
seated near lum vou may see a younger fairer bud
of love a.id promise in the gentle sistCT wlw is
scarcely less devoted than the mother to this the
darling son the affectionate brother. lit social chat
and tlie. sweet interchange of affectionate commun-
ion they pass away the light winged hours gavcr
and mure gay arc thc jests of him the idol of tint
circle the beloved object around whom are en-
twined so many bright pravcrs and affectionate re-
gards. Should we turn our eye to a sideboard m a
corner of the apartment where the wine sparkles
in the light we may see the innocent provocative
ol" the willy repartee and perhaps one single glass
part iken at the solicitation of those dear cherished
objects ol his love has exhilarated his spirits suffi
ciently lion anl before and without any of the un-
suspecting company being aware of its influence.
Let this scene lad.es and gentlemen often witness-
ed Ly many of von be repeated evening sficr even-
ing. I'ven after the toils of a well spent day arc
over let a few friends be added to this little circle
making it still more a paraa.se. and the sparkling
Champaign and ru !r Uurgsudy may be called in as
aids to social enjoyment.
Let this aiTectionate son the devoted 1-usband
and fond brother continue the seductive and daily
draught let lum add by degrees as ho assur-
edly will to the number of h.s glasses. Does
it need a prophet's eye to foresee the result ' Can
it not be traced as w ith a sun beam ' Oh ! do we
not know thc sure though it may be the slow pro-
gress of nun upon that manly ami beautiful form
ihat intellect so pow crful and so commanding. Oh !
could the warning voice be then ratsed in time.
" Touch not taste not." Oii ' son brother hus-
band look not thou upon thc wine when it is reJ
when it giveth its color m the up nhci itmov-
clh itself aright for at tli3 last it bitelb like a seT-
pent and stingeth like an adder." Look not upon
" I'or in the flowers that wreath tlw-sparkling bow I
Poll adders hiss and poisonous reptiles rolf."
Yes my friends from these small and apparently
insignificant cuenmstances from ibis lillfc cloud
like that discerned by the Prophet Elijah not bigger
than a man's hand arises the tempest that ttuly
desolates not the fur face of nature but that which
is more lovely and impcrishsblc those fond and
loving hcartsand lavs .n rains th i Go.1 of their idol-
atry. What has dure this' Can ftoo of'en re-
peat the answer : Fhe socict zl-s.
That man was tie sou! of hon": '; could not
he he would senni to wrong his' fellow he was
the friend of the oppressed and tliu supporter :ird
upholder of all that v. as noble and lirtuous. By
no olhcr means cotdd he ever liaTe been seduced
from the paths of (ruth and rectitude but by the
dangerous and seductive halv of a social glas with
his friends. g
Sly hearers let a few years i$ise arilyiu may
call up thc memory ol that happy family that cen-
tre an 1 sun of lb whole the young husband
sou and brother whero ia he You may per-
chance read his name on the lomb-stone that re-
cords his premature end. Like tho fruit untimely
blighted he may fill a drunkard's and perhaps a
felon's grave or should he have escaped this mel-
ancholy doom jou will scarcely recognize him in
thc bloated arid degraded sot of the grocery
Which of jou will sav that ihh picture's over-
done. Alas ! not one. "Would that it were. Truth
indeed is stianger than fiction ; and I kno'i-.thcio
are many present hc-e row who can bear melan-
choly testimony that this i no fancy skettdi. I have
not indeed told the half. How should I attempt lo
paint the bitter sorr iws of that mother wife and
kistcr. How tell you of the extension of hopo in
their trusting hearts until cxistenre was almost
closed by miscrj. I wdl not nttcmptjhBjask. T
could not do it justice. I would rather drawee"!
over tho scene forever and yet I fceljihat.I must
linger a moment upon it. That mothcr-sViwed
down with sorrow still lires her hairs .. blenched
bv grief not j cars. That vv lie pale and cnncialed .
watches the slumbers of licr innocent babe xihiln
wailing with Testless anxiety and cruel .torture the
return of him who staggcri homo from Ins nyluly
debauch ; and wliiu ne watcher a scene prcseuls
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 24, Ed. 1, Saturday, February 9, 1850, newspaper, February 9, 1850; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80764/m1/1/: accessed March 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.