The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 43, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 22, 1850 Page: 1 of 4
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THE NORTHERN STANDARD.
CHARLES DE MORSE
LO.N& SII.1XX. OUR iiXSSER. BRAVE THE BR.EEZEi5riIE'sAfD.RD OP THE FREE.
- EDITOR &. PROPRIETOR.
CLARKSVILLE RED RIVER COUNTY TEXAS SATURDAY JUNE 2 2" 1S50'.
MY WUKD SHALL NOT PASS AWAY."
A single-hearted simple nun
Stood by a river side
And waited that the rolling flood
Might pout iway its tide.
An csgcr-licarted. carried child
Knell li the stream of truth
And wondered Low llut stream had run
fcinec lime was m it youth.
The river rolleil and watted not ;
The traveller turned aside ;
The child became a thoughtful man
And still he knelt ard died.
Tis pat and where the billow broke
A field lb green with sod
Yet still that silent stream of truth
Is flowing forth from (lod.
Lin- us iioi'i: Foil m-rrrr.u days.
Let us. hope for better d ivs '
We have struggled long together
Hoping that the summer's rays
Might succeed tlie wintry weather:
Hoping till the summer came
Tli.it to u- scem'd u inter -till.
Summer winter all the same!
To our hearts so cold and chill!
Let us hone for brighter diys !
Surety the) mis-t come at last
As we pec the solar riys.
When the storm Ins hurried past
So as "mid the storm we ku nv
That the sunbeam will -ueceid
Let us not our hope forego
In our darkest hour of need.
AN EXPLOSION BLT NOT OF THE
.. id thc installation of the
IIUW UUU- ii.u .uc
issistant becrctarr Ct the Ireasury. ami a
mill ii '
rmcr Editor of .1 Whig jn'jier in Na-hille:
TO OL'R SUBSCRIBERS.
To the five and twenty tl'ousaud subscri-
t crs who during the Listen inoiitlis hae cu-
i lied theniseUcs upon our list we feel that
e owe a word uy way 01 epMi:iiion icr ti:e j
. ur-cthatwe deem it our duty to puisue '
With the present mimbcr the llipub''''- j
. asses into other editonal hands. It is .-uf-
(.cictit for us to say that pet tonal Jijjtrtncis
1 isl beheicn ourselves r.ud members oj Inc
I abliul that arc inconsistent with the rel.i-
ions in which we stanu iowaiu 1 resiuem
t-i .1 . 1 1 1....
. . .- .. .1.. ...!
aiorauu me n nig ninv. 111 mis siaiei
"J. . P ' - - Hi.
uf thing- and w till the dctci initiation to m
terpose no oustacie
to the pie-eration
I arinunr and iond will between Picsident
"i avion and the Whigs wc have thought it
our duty to itlnliaw from a position in which
t e can no longer maiii'ain silence in our
. cw of ttrlahtroiilroriiUd quc!ivh consist-
ently with self-respect. Peisonal foi tunes
we can sacnfice withuut regiet political as
x iciations and telattoni aic too sacred to be
tiillcd with or abandoned.
In taking leave of our friends . it is proper
that we should say that our confidence m
President Tailor is uiiuupaiied; and that the
1"5Ul"lu '""u "" " L
which has induced us to devote the
-crviccsot veais in Ins cause ic-
i jains as ardent ai.d as unalloyed as when
i e first tioV the field in hi- behalf. In hi-
j crsonal integrity in his unselfish patriotism
in his nationality ni-autrality and elevated
'.onor-we retain an undiminished confidence;
: nd had we not icasou to believe that this
--ntiment i-. fully reciprocated we should
never abandon the position which wc surien-
oer only from our defeieiice to hit J tiling
and our unbounded respect and levcrcnce
for his chaiactcr and his sen ices.
In taking leave of our fi tends pct-onal
nnd political many of them connected with
3 bv the emiries of twenty (.ais -if corn-
ton struggles and vicis-itude- we l umot
tint to coinnieiid our siicce-sar to t.ieu kmd-
st icgard-. and their wannest lav.ir We
Kiiotvtlial Mr. Hall is entitled to their con-
lilence and esteem lie ha- ever been like
mrsehes a warm eaiucs' and uiifalteiing
nhocate of 'A hiir in incudes. Whig measui-
unidi i ii
VYJtir tiimi ."i.. n "ii t'i.f re
' "S "- - .
not incessant lvrnslomcnlion.il
s within his noncr to ore-erve the rrlations
which ought to exist between the party and
its acknowledged rj7ni. lie nossessc-
thc confidence Mh'cli we have faded to solicit
or obtain and lie occupies a poritin.i in
which it i antirelv in ins power to reconcile
o 'side dijfd'CiZccs wills tho internal economy
of the Cabinet.
We take great pleasure therefore in
commending him to the kind feelings and
wishes of our numerous friends and subscri-
bers; and wc are sure that while he will be
mall things more considerate more prudent
and more able than ourselves he will in no
respect be wanting to the great cause of
Truth Honor and the Union to which wc
have been always devoted and in w Inch we
shall always be ready to serve according to
our convictions the party and the country.
ALEXANDER C. BULLITT
JOHN O. SARGENT.
Woman ano Flova eks. Woman says a
newspaper yvi iter loves flowers and flowers
are like women in their beauty and sweet-
ness so they ought to grow up together. No
flower garden looks complete without a wo-
man in it no woman seems so lovely as
when she is surrounded by flowers. She
should have her fragrant lioquct at the paity;
window plants in her parlor; if possible some
rich and rare flowering shrubs in her con-
servator'; but belter than all these and sup-
plying all every woman in the vvoild should
have a flower garden. Every man who has
the leas' gallantry or paternal feeling should
have aflower. garden for his wife and daugh-
ters Every house the smallest cottage as
well as the largest mansion should have-
around it the perfume of lilacs pinks and
other hardy odoriferous flowers lhat costs no
trouble but bring with them every year a
world of beauty and fragrance.
He who sedulously listens pointedly asks
calmly speak? cooly answers and ceases
when he has no more to say to thc point is
the fittest for business and is sure to succeed. I
On Tuesday mornn.g the people ol ash-j c To k ff Bcn. rising ihaul-working prudent man care-
rrlnn rtrrp -tmrli'fl lIV tllH tolIoWHl nil-. . . .. I..1..I 11. nni..i;iiirL.nin tiintli liruinvl nvlwi
.... . . . . ii. 'ton is to tlnnkol roote; anu tiiciiagne iiiuu " " -" ;. " ....-
unccmei. in the Republic ol the ab.lic.i- iM;aais; ; Scnatlir. His is complained ol bad luck. A goodcltarac-
n t or raiiicr dismissal ot Ua old Juituii.i ... . . ' T r.n j- .rt.n.K:t1 .wi ;... ;.!. .' nm lm.
v ' ' i iih iiiiM iiimn I inn KnTinrr i niiii'ni li:i "iiiki UiLwil. iLiiii nun 11 uicii mu iin
GLANCES AT CONGRESS.
The active but heavily -built gentleman
jia-s'ng through the rotunda with tapid step
and package of papers in hand a fucc
beaming with intelligence nnd health a per -
. son claU in a suit ol glossy blade is no icss H(J hag he cn ( the couragc thc warmtl
n peisonnge than Lewis Cass of Michigan j of heart) and the llgll honor all character-
He r.tops to talk with a gentleman with grey - ;c of lhe rcg-on avcd by hc Mississippi
'hair who has just entered Irom tic avenue i' and bord(.rcli Uy those pathless prairies in
.and who listens intently to the short quick lich a man's conccntions must nsccnd.it
sentences addressed to him. lhat is Daniel MCr from ndturc up j0 naturc.s God. But
jS. Dickson of New York; not nearly so -t ;d )ow (ime 0 ;n0 he House arid
t larirc in stature as one wouiu e.peci uousiu-
eiing thc noise he has
i and the ability he has
made in the country
cxluhilcil mere u
hi Dickson's manner an incsisliliic humnr
and a cool and placid equanimity that make
mm an ugly customer in uisuusr-iuu. c
Senate is soon to meet for Got cnior Sew art!
is soing in. Ilow mucu
younger lie tooits
than vou canceled to sec him!
almost boyish at a distanc; but as you get
ncjicr you will sec that time and care hac
done their work. What a strange face he
has! On first sight it seems a little like John
T lei's; but that Soon wears oil; and the
ci ju and adroitness of the politician are writ-
ten in every lineament. Mr. Scward'is an able
and indtisli'ious legislator; but hij Senatorial
..it. . li.i- tlnw fur Iippii .i f.iilme. owin? to
the extreme doctrines he has ad orated. which provoked all lite employers to
Now let us step up to the gallery of thc Se-I leave him. Another with a lucialivc buis-
natc; for it has not yet been called to oidcr. j inc lost his luck by amazing diligence
Do you know the slow moving man whose ;it every thing but his buisiness. Ailoth-lu-ud
rises and falls ill answer to his thoughts I or who" steadily followed his trade as
a-? he paces along and V.ho cairics under' Meadilv followed his bottle. Another
his arm a bundle of documents? That islwuow'j0 Was honest and constant to his
Thomas Hart Benton! df Missouri. It is not workj crrC(l . ;.. mijmlgnieuts he
often that ou sec a more hale and hearty ' j.. dcreti()I1. Hundreds by endor-
looking sample ot sity odd I he .ace ii s- nhlc speculations by trust-
f lf-racterandtleformflllo1strei.gl. "'-udllfBlt and by dhoneit
I low long do ou think la fiag. le ma
Willi U1U UaiU IIC.1U liu ui .MiU.j t.MtiB.r
- c.;cJ In no lmv rnn.
"" " " '"""- "'"l' '. "" '
I er:tl a ia0iue lie uy me recepii-iu iiurj
body gncs him. Tltc tall man walking in at
the side dour came 111 hand )ou need not be
told is Henry Clay. How familial ly he
giects Fonte and how well he looks. He
take-a pinch of suulf ftom the Secretin '
desk and then picks up the Ink l!icnc u and
takes a seat. Doou notice the .Senator at
one of the Iront desks 011 the left of the Sec-
ictaiy who is franking docutiients with such
rrpniitvr There you see Gen. Sain Hous-
ton of Teas. He lises now. What a fig-
:! What an air! What a noble face!-
... . . inmi
1IIU ImUU. Uilllv lllilll. 'Hill uiuin" -v
. . . 11 1 1 : i..
if Mini lunir -Irilirht IllaClv llilir IS 1 ICHC
Soule of Limisiaua; the Ficnch Creole icp-
i .- - .. .- . i .1 i
rcscniauic in ino senate: aim a nm-i ic.ncu
ami sxccoinplisliud- goiiltuiiiaii. 1 oniicr is
John P. Hale or as his friends call him
"Jack Hale" of New Hainpshiic the abo-
lition Senator. I las a face like a ft nil ricanl.
He looks like John Minor Bolls. There ate
ihw evidences of attention to the nagos of
I'bloviphy or of con-uming the midnight oil
in that jolly countenance and well-fed figure.
Hale is a bold amusing and ready debater.
Observe there is Daniel Websterr. Did I
not tell von his foim was shrunken his walk
u.istcadv his eve sunken? And is it not
- -11 answep. that since that
. .- .... . .. f i;.
11II1C 1IU OilS UldUU d J.JIli.11 iim w. ihi
uinst floui lining days and his ripened intel-
lect. It was apples of gold' gethercd from
an old and storied true. The Vice Picsident
enter- the chair. A vciy handsome man is
Mr. Fillinoic. We know nowhere a better
ni esei v ed specimen of fifty three. He looks
like a statesman and though his position is of
no account so far as the chance for display-
ing mind arc concerned yet if he. had a
chance he would make him-clf felt. The
Senator who has ju-t taken his seat at the
iign.il for "o:der" and who stands in rever-
ential altitude in thc aisle while the Chap-
Iain tepcali a piay er blesses the govern-
ment and implotcs God's favor upon the
Union that Seuator is Stephen Arnold Doug-
las of Illiuuis. He entered the Senate at
tliiity-four and is now thirty-six; the young-
est man but .Icic Clemens of Ala. in the
Senate His physicakstatutc is diminutive 1
but his intnu gigantic lie speaks with a.
readiness and enthusiasm that have made him
famous; while his acquitments and his ex-
peiiencc in public lile give him rire advan-
tages. The discussion he hail wilh John Q
Vdauis in 1SIG was a lcmaikablc display
of promptitude in debate and accuracy of
memory. Uu the Democratic side to t lie
nght ot the Speaker and on oncot the scats
next the lobby is Col. W. II. King of Ala-
bama who is a scnatoiial evergreen. Age
has not withered him; for he looks as well
now as he did twelve or lourccn years ago
He ictunicd to the Senate after his mission
to France was over and will always he found
true to the couutry. and to his beloved Ala-
bama. On the same side you will notice
Judge. Butler of South Carolina. He looks
like a patnaich with his long white hair.
A kind and waim-hcaitcd fiiend he is; and
what is now here denied a brave and gifted
legislator. That tall ciect and clastic fig-
ure is young Dodge of Iowa. He has the
straight form of the Indian and the resolute
and open countenance of a true northwestern
man. lie is a Senator without guile or re-
proach. In point of personal advantages
Dr. Sturgeon one of our Senators is a no
ble specimen ol a man on the wintiy side of.
sixty lie looks as substantial as the State
he represents and is never classed among
the "doubtful" on any question. You ask
for Tom Corwin of Ohio. There he is; a
l.k "ood-lookinrr man. with a stout frame:
and an etc that blazes with intellect. He is
unquestionably one of the most practiced or-
ators in the country: hut he troubles the Sen-
ate very rarelv. He has not spoken during
. . m r . ... II t. fit
the present session xou vv i ouservo ....:
brave General Shields" talking to a friend
at the window. He looks thinner than usual
as if his wound was tvaisling him; but his
complexion is healthy and his cy e clear. A
most chivalnc spirit is this excellent Senator
Bright of Indiana! Here he is his broad
manly countenance lighted up with cnlhusi -
asm while listening to something that Cass
is telling him. Bright is one of the boldest'
and best to be found in the-wholc range of:
public men. If he has an error it is in his '
. film n..ln ..-! I ctntwl 1111 llPNirP. IMC. OIOWS
frankness and disinterestedness. Everybody
is interested in General Atchison of Missou-
ri whom you will notice in his scat on the
right of the Vice President. He has the
mat k and bearing of the West. He pcrsoni-
fices in his character the West. He talks
ike c Wcat H(J yotcs ikc tho Wcst.
inMn ..- .
tcrs ;noC0ncave ticrc. Ant- lis WIi be thc
rim n ftlniirn nvnr nil rnncnir.iinuq fnaran..
)rk for atiother day. Pni'isi'raHiwi.
Goon ami Bn Luck. I may here as
well as any xvhere impart the secret of
j.lt js c;ilcd noil and bud luck. There
ate men who supposing Providence to
have a an implacable spite against them
bemoan in the poverty of a wretched old
age the misfortunes of their lives. Luck
foreer ran against them and for others.
One witli a good profession lost his luck
in thc river where lie idled away his
time a-fishing when lie should have been
in the olliee. Another with a good trade
burnt up his luck by his hot temper
- T !-- nn f-K
nus v iiun iiu i iiut-i iiii n fc-..t j -
pregnable to tne assaults ot an inc in hick
that IboN ever dretmt of. But when I
-ec a tatterdemalion creeping out of a tav
ern late in the altctnoon with his hand-
stuck into his pockets the rim or his hat
turned tip and the crown knocked in 1
kr.nw he has had bad luck for the worst
of all luck is to be asluggatd a knave or
Tin. There was once upon a time a good
little dwarf named Try "" was so power-
ful that he uveicamc nht'ost every thing he
attempted and yet he as so small and ill-
favored lhat people Iat.3Mcd vicn they wcic
told of his wundious Jtfij- JJttt the tiny
man was so kind at 'jBc- 'icd so much
UiiCii that he would go anuheg n( .chose who
knew him better to intercede fui him so that
he might be allowed to help them out of their
troubles; nnd when once he had made them
happy by his noble deeds they no longer
despised him or drove him from them with
sneers but loved him as their truest friend.
Vet the only icturii this good dwarf sought
for all his services was that when they heard
of any one who wanted a helping hand they
would say a good word in his favor and re-
commend them to Tii" The Genius that
ttti Hid crcry thing into Gold.
Ni'.vr.ii. Give i;p. Hcic is something for
those w ho are mourning under misfoitunc
ftom the N. Votk Star. Read it and 'try
All thc young men have to be ruined once
if they begin l ich or prospei ous. Nothing
but a miracle can save them. They cither
get married before they can afford the luxury
of a wife or fail and then and not until
then are they good for anything. Men arc
not made by coaxing. They seldom thrive
on sugar pltfmbs. To be men they must
rough it. And the sooner they begin the
better. Oaks arc rooted in the wind and
storm. Oaks therefore are trustworthy.
Hot lloitse plants come up in a few days
and perish accordingly.
Look about you and you will hardly find
an old or a rich man who has not been at
the some period of life a baukiupt cither in
health or in property. Such men have learn-
ed by God's piovideuccs the value of what
they have lost instead of being discouraged
have invariably found themselves strengthen-
ed by t heir fall.
Stuihinr Hvduvui.ics. "What be dal
dev calls high draw lies?" said Sumboto Cuf-
"Evan yah.yah" shouted CufTy "Don't
you know dat nigger when you hab lesson
mosc ebbery drtyr"
"No 1 don't know I gives cm up."
"Well den when inassa lift de cow-hide
vvlip high fotch him down savage ou dc
back and draw him cross dc back soon as
he touch it dat is dc high draw licks."
''Get out you snow-hall you tillers con-
trives to know more den any udder nigger 1
Hi-CnvnvcTEr:. An cilitor in vindicating thc
private character uf a friend who Ind been nailed
lor thc crime ol slicep stealing Uiua eulogizes him :
" We have known Mr. Thomas for twclva years.
Our acquaintance commenced with the great cqtn-
niixi.il storm which blew down our grandfather's
harn. At that time he was a young man lit the
prime of hie and we think raised the best marrow-
fat peas we ever cat. He was a good m ithcmjtl-
ciau kind to the poor and troubled with thc piles.
In all the relations ol husbind father uncle ami
tmstee of common lands he has followed the di-
rcct standard of dutv. Mr. lliomas is at this
time just 10 tears nf age slightly marked with
lhe small-pox- an cstinnble citizen a church mem-
Iw and a mm ui Miovn imegruy iur ten years
And as to sheep stealing that he would havo done
it if he could get an opportunity is without the
least foundation in point of fact. Mr. Thomas
could have stolen our lead pencil several times and
he didn't do It.
v BTho iIoa. Robcrt LillJsCy tthc
- - i-! received a Idler from his mother.
u;ci sc said: " I understand dear Jlouert
'that you area great ship-builder. Your talents in
j this line I flu not dispute ; but I have one favor to
j ask you which is this thai yoit will not come in one
"f iur '-n ""'J"'?.'.' V alJ "'"I-m
jPlcly "l'"--01 bcrauvice.
The friendship of some people is like our
shadow keeping close to us while wo walk
;n t10 sunshine but deserting us tho moment
wc cntcr inc shade.
POOR RICHARD'S SAYING?.
We think wc cannot rrive our readers n
better treat than a few of Franklin's inimita-1 Wc copy from the New. York Express
blc proverbs which nppcared in his "Poor the following important letter of the Brit-
Richard's Almanac' between 1733 and '51. 1 is.Ii Minister in this city to the Secrctarv
They arc replete with philosophy and instate-of State of the United" States disclosing
tions a fact which is fully pi oved by their' the policy of the Government of Great
popularity every vvuere turotignoui inc coun-
try at thc time of their publication.
They were also reprinted in England
translated three times into the French lan-
guage and once into modern Greek:
Some grow mad by studying much to know.
But who grows mad by studying good to
Against diseases here the strongest fence.
Is thc defensive virtue Abstinence.
Tart words make no friends; a spoonful of
honey will catch mote flics than a gallon of
Diivcthy business or it will drive thee.
Beware of little expenses; a small leak will
sink a great ship.
An ounce of wit that is bought
Is worth a pound that is taught.
A ploughman on his legs is higher than a
gentleman ou his knees.
The mastci's eyes will do more than both
A change of fortune hurls a wise man no
more than a change of the moon.
A false friend and a shadow attend only
while thc sunshines.
Plough deep while sluggards sleep
And you shall have corn to sell and keep.
If you would not be forgotten as soon as
you arc ueau eitner write tilings worm rea-
ding or do something worth writing.
The idle man is the devil's hireling whose
livery is rag? whose diet and wages are fa-
mine nnd di-grace.
He is a fool who makes his doctor his heir.
Fouls make leasts and wise men cat them
The poor have little beggars none
The lich too much enough not one
Mnuking arc very old creatures. One
half census what they practise the other
half practise what they censure.
Old boys have their playthings as well as
young ones tho difference is only in thc price.
He who takes thc papers
And pays his bill when due
Can live in peace with God snd man
And with thc printer too
Wc have already called attention to
the facts that two successive Whig Legis-
latuies of our States have recorded their
decided and energetic protests against the
Kxlension of Slavery by the concc-sion to
Texas of the jurisdiction preposteiotisly
claimed by her over almost the whole
Territory of New Mexico. The Whigs
have not been content with opposin
ola very liAlension in tne aostract or
whcicitliad sni.ill prospect of ever jruin-
ing a. foothold. While they have lesist
cd it everywhere and voted from the out
set lor the application ot thc llmot Pio-
viso. they have not chosen to have their
attention engrossed by a hue-and-cry a-
gainst Slavery in California where Slave-
ry is most unlikely at any rate to be legal-
ized while New Jlcxico is absorbed by
Texas and thus transformed into SIac
Territory at a breath. It must not be
forgotten that Tcxa- a sovereign State of
this Confederacy claims thatall New Mex-
ico this side of the Rio Grande is now in-
cluded within her limiLs and rightful ju-
risdiction has erected it into a County
called Santa Fe which she pretends to
have represented in both branches of her
Legislature though not a soul living with-
in the limits of that vast 'County' ever
casts a vote or serves a precept as a Tex-
an and the whole population abhor equal-
ly and intensely both Texas and Slavey.
But the New-Mexicans arc ignorant fee-
ble and conquered are unrepresented in
Congress and scarcely able to make them-
selves heard in our Councils or through
our journals; while Texas next after
South Carolina is of all our States the
most thorough-going supporter of the
swindle that passes for 'Democracy and
gave Gen. Cass a large propotion of her
entire popular vote than any other State.
As the world goes she 'knows her friends
that is those who back her unjust pre
tensions The Democratic party so call
ed is virtually pledged to stand by her m
her claim to New Mexico titid thus con-
sign that immense region to the foul em-
brace of Slavery. A victory to that par-
ty in New York this Fall will go very far
towards blackening with Slavery a do-
main larger than all the old Free States.
And will men who but yesterday profess-
ed to stand for Free Soil now vote for
this vast extension of Slavery.' How can
Wc have already stated the fact that
not one Whig State or Legislature in the
whole Union has ever favored the claim
of Texas to absorb New Mexico and not
one Loco-L oco State or Legislature has
ever opposed it. Wc challenge denial
but none dare to interpose jt. Wc ask
for the name of a prominent Whig who
has ever sustained the claim of Texas or
of a permanent LocoFoco who has ever
decidedly condemned it. Col. Benton
we all know did so in 13-1 before Annex-
ation had been made a party question;
but he has not since opened his mouth on
the subject. But for determined Whig
resistance Texas would have long since
engulfed New Mexico; had Gen. Cass
been chosen President we have not a
doubt that Santa Fe would have been a
slave-market by this time under the pro-
tection of U. S. ofiicers and U. S. troops.
And now should the Whig part be pros-
trated before the independence of New
Mexico is secured the slave whip and
the branding irou will soon come in play
throughout New Mexico under thc lie-
jHiblican Constitution of Texas which
practically deprives ner legislature anu
People of the power of putting an cad
to-Human Bondage. N. YTribuiw.
Why is a blush like a little girl?
it ircomcj a tromrm.
MR. BULWEIl TO MR. CLAYTON.
Lritaiu with reference to the Canadas.
which we regard as a highly important
document touching as it docs the free
navigation of the River St Lawrence:
British Lncvnos March 27 1830.
Sir: I have received the favor of your
communication of yesterday's date enclo-
sing me one to yourself from thc chair-
man of thc Committee of Commerce of
the House of Representatives respecting
the navigation of the River St. Lawrence.
and the leclmgs which her Majesty V Gov-
ernment might entertain towards gi ant-
ing to the shipping and citi.ens of the Uni-
ted States the free transit on lhat river
in the event of thc Canada Reciprocity
Bill now before Congress being passed
bv the American Legislature and thc
general commercial relations between the
States and the Canadas being
placed on a footing more satisfactory to
I feel myself authorized to state in re-
ply to on that her majesty's Government
entertaining a cot dial desire to promote a
good tmucrstamfing with this country and
to facilitate every measure which can
tend to establish amicable intercourse
between it and the various portions of her
majesty's empire takes a sincere interest
in the success- of that measure which has
already been conditionally approved by
the Legislature of the Canadas and
it'll Hfll I Mwi'f' vntnnfif lull- - !- eonnit.
l"UJ I ""V ltC'v.VttUilt 1 until) IV UL.lllO
tn mo flin nnfiir.il rmwnrmnnr- nf tlirtcr
moasures by which the markets of Great
Britain have already been opened to the
agricultural produce of this country.
The desire thus described would as you
may imagine be still further increased on
finding it responded to here; whilst the
course which the Committee on Com-
merce has suggested and which you have
complied with by addressing yourself to
her Majesty's representative on a subject
V w .&. bull J'j-IVIIjIIV.L' V I 111' JU
winch cannot but be ot Imperial as well
as Colonial interest will also; I feel cer-
tain be considered as proof of a friend I v
; spirit towards the Government of Eng
land and which exsisfs throughout her
Majesty's dominions toward the people
and Government of this couutrv.
I feel no hesitation therefore in stating
that the instructions with which I came to
the United States warrant me under
such circumstances in assuring you that
should a bill corresponding to that which
has received the sanction of the Legis-
lature In Canada be passed by the Legis-
lature of the United States and receive
the sanction of the President of the United
Slate her Majesty's Government will be
l each to respond to any application which
the United States Government may then
addiessto it on the subject concerning
whichx ou have now applied to me by
consenting to open the navigation of the
River St. Lawrence and the canals there-
to adjoining (and which would be dulv
-specihed) to the shipping and citizens of
the United States.
I need not observe to you that her Maj-
esty's Government would of course in
such case rcsrve to itself the full right of
witiuirawmgthc aloiesaid concession up-
on giving due notice of such intention
whenever it might deem proper so to do.
as in fact the Government and Legisla-
ture of the U-iitcd States can likewise al-
ter whenever it may so deem proper
whatever regulations or laws they may
It gives me great pleasure to have it
thus in my power to satisfy yourself and
the committee of thc House of Represen-
tatives with respsct to the question con-
tained in your note and its enclosure and
I avail myself of this opportunity to renew
to you the assurance of mv highest con
II. L. BULWFR.
Hon. J. M. Clayton &c.&c.
Eti:xt of Tevas. Texas js estimated
covers sixteen degrees of latitude and
fourteen ol longitude. She extends from
twenty-six to thirty-two degrees of north
latitude and from ninct -six to one hun-
dred and ten of west longitude; that is to
say from four degrees south of New Or-
leans to near four degrees north of St.
Louis and from the longitude of western
Missouri to the summit of thc Rocky
mountains-. Hd south-east corner is in
the mouth of the Rio Grande a region of
pel pctual flowers; her south west corner
is near the south pass in 'he Rocky moun-
tains a region of perpetual snow. She
has a gulf frontier of near a thousand
utiles a river frontier on thc Rio Grande
of two thousand miles river frontier
of a thousand miles on tho Arkanso a-
hout live hundred more on the River
nearly five hundred more on the Sabine
frontier an inland frontier of three hun-
dred miles more between the Red River
and the Arkansas. She has a circumfer-
ence of about five tluiosand miles and su-
perficial content of three hundred ami
lifty square miles.
It should be added to the above that
the northern limits of Texas arc on thc
same paralcll with Lakes Michigan and
SroitTi.NG Items. Mr. Henry C. Dame
of Rullinsford N. H. killed fourteen crows
at one shot a cvr days since. A noted hunter
living near Faycttcvillc. Ark. who sport3
under the sobriquet of the "Alan with thc
Bed Wrench" whilst hunting a few weeks
since in White river bottom with a single
barreled gun killed at one shot three deer
a colt crippled his dog and was kicked ofTof
ins marc t
en to us. and
Wo give the story as it was giv-i
d can only vouch for thc credible
source from which wc rccicvcd it. Pic. '
l'ROGRESS OF TEA CULTURE IN THE
. Our fuir renders (sajs thc journal of Com-
merce) will be much cxhilcrated by the fol-
lowing Icttcrahowing apparently the entire
success of the experiments made iri South
Carolina by Dr. Junius Smith in cultivation
of the Tea Plant. It would appear also that
there is aprospect obtainin-f a much more de-
lightful tea on this our republican 'soil than
ever has been or can be brought Imperiral
from China. Oncjthing though is indispen-
sable if wc would enjoy this pleasure viz. we
must holdfast to lhe Union; otherwise none
id the choicest tens r.il' be pennited to cross
.Mason and Dixon's line.
CominiiicMt'cci fur lhe Jorrnal of Commtrcc
GitEEVviLLn i"S. C.) May 1. 1850.
Dear Sir: Although the winter has been
rather severe and the spring remarkably cold
nod wet and protracted a month later than
it was last year yet I am happy to say the
tea plant maintains its original physiology.
The same laws which govern tho plant
in China Java and India govern it here.
Not a single deficiency in my small garden.
Every plant has taken effective root and ear-
ly in April thc leaf buds came out in great
profusion all starting from the foot of tho
old leaf stalk. About the 20th April the
buds intluccd by increased temperature
tollwed their Chinese paternity and betran
to develop an abundacc of the most delicate
leaves in regular season for thc first gather-
ing for the manufacture of the choicest quality
of tea. Were it prudent to relax in the slight-
est degree the reciprocal action of root and
branch and thus delay thc vigor growth
blossom and fruiting of the matured plant I
could now gather a sufficient quantity of
leaves to make small supply of first-rate tea.
But I compel myself to forbear the indul
gence of a curiosity dear to my heart.
The fact that the foliage puts out at the
same timo that it docs in China affords an-
other practical evidence of the adaptation of
the American climate to the growth of thc
plant and demonstrates the physiolgical fit-
ness of a plant indigenous to China to thc cul-
ture of our own country. Thc final result
depends upon our own industry and wc have
no more ground for fear or apprehension of
failure than wc have in transplantating a
peach tree from France to America. Th c
leaf is now of a light pea-grccn color and
nothing can be imagined more tender and de-
licate. I can now understand why it is that
we cannot obtain the first quality of tea from
China. The first growth of the leaf is so
delicate that it is quite impossible to divest it
of humidity by firing or roasting to sustain so
longa toyage.bcsidcs the almost ccrtainity of
utterly destroy ing its rich and precious a roma.
I can now understand why it is that a Chinese
official of wealth and dignity will pay a hun-
dred dollars a pound for tea grown in I113
own country. Thc quantity of buds and
leaves compared with a general gatherin"-
of leaves fully grown must be sniaff indeed
and the value enhanced in proportion to tho
We have yet to learn the effects of differ-
ent soils climate and locality in thc rarious
tea growing districts of oitr own country
both of thc plant and thc quality of the tea.
Wc have no reason to suppose that these
effects will be less diversified here than they
arc in Chiin but gathering instruction from
the te.i cultivators in China Java and India
I think we have no occasion to cultivate a
poor soil in tropical climate or one border-
ing upon it and thus ptoducc an inferior
quality of tea. Wc certainly ought to pro-
duce the best and none of the inferior qual-
ities grown in China. In many respects wo
possess natural and peculiar advantages
which neither China nor Java nor India do
or can possess. Our market whether Eu-
ropean or American lies at our door. We
are spared the expensive and injurious process
of fireing or roasting the tea Iraf to prepare
it for foreign markets. We have abundance of
line cheap lands with all the diversity of
soil climate and aspect that the plant can
require. Our transportation facilitated by
rivers canals and railroads is so short to
shipping ports.that the actual cost will not be
quarter so much as it is from the tea planta-
tions of China to Canton the port of ship
ment. Alorc than all every farmer certain-
ly in the Middle and Southern Stales may
grow his own tea in his own garden without
the slightest interference with his ordinary
agricultural pursuits. With these exclusive
privileges in our hands iftve do not cultivato
our own te.i then I think we ought be
tributary to those who call us barbar ans
JUNIUS SMI H I.
After Reflections. Who has nf cp-
rienced thc sad revolution of feeling winch
takes place when after an evening spent wtllt
an agreeable party we begin to re!'"' t ou
what has passed and pcrcicvc that .. the
hilarity of thc movement wc have betn be-
trayed into errors which conscience con-
demns. This is a very painful cxp--iicnce.
The dcsiic of entertaining induced us to rid-
icule those who were really wot thy of respect;
for the sake of saying something fuuay or
witty wc have sacrificed truth justicc.'and
charity. Thc laugh is over and thc .ora fun-
ions gone and wc are left alone with i woun-
ded conscience. But if we were to exercise
our powers in producing the same nin ant of
gaiety by innocent means how delignt'nl. it
would be if after entertaining the crapany
wc were left wilh an approving conscience!
A t cry common mode of amusement is
that of turning persons into ridicule which it
requires very little wit or sense to do. It is
the cheapest of all kinds of fun and Hks
meanest. Its effect upon those-who indulge
in it is to harden the heart scar 'he con
science and blunt the nreccplions ot moral
beauty. The pleasure which its nicst unbri-
dled exercise gives is of a far lower order
thin that which a quick prcccption ot good-
ness and moral greatness affords and tho two
are incompatible. Thc happiness of-aJ'mriiij;
is great und lasting and can be j enjoyeV
alone; the pleasure of detraction is .transient
and requires an audience.
Wisdom is an habitual skill or facu'tytjlF
Iging aright about matters of practice anu!1
choosing according to that right judgment
and conforming the actions to such good
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De Morse, Charles. The Northern Standard. (Clarksville, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 43, Ed. 1, Saturday, June 22, 1850, newspaper, June 22, 1850; Clarksville, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80782/m1/1/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.