Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 10, Ed. 1, Saturday, October 27, 1849 Page: 1 of 8
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AUSTIN TEXAS SATURDAY OCTOBER 27 1849.
THE TEXA.S STATE GAZETTE.
13 published on Saturdays
BY WILLIAM H. ODSHNEY.
SUBSCRIPTION. Pour Dollars per Volume cf fifty-two numbers. Single
nnmhrrs. Tell Cents. Ill illl C.TCS. n.lVment in ilflv:inre will ha rcnniri'rl nf Sllh-
scribers living out of the County of Travis or the amount assumed by a respon J
i-ible resiuem 01 uiu vjh ui nuiim or me Agent in tins particular mere win
be no respect of poisons or deviation lrom our terms on any account whatever.
ADVERTISING. Adveitibements will be inserted at One Dollar per .square
of fceven lines or less for the first insertion and fifty cents tor each continuance.
One-half these ch.irgcs will be made to those who advertise by the year with the
privilege of changing qu.uterly.
Dusincss Cards of not more than one square will be inserted lor ten dollars
Announcement"' of Candidates for Office and all political personal and busi-
ness Communications promotive of individual interesis will be charged as Ad-
vertisements. All Advertisements the publication of which is required by law must be paid
for in advance.
The twenty-second section of the law regulating fees of office provides that in
nil cases where a citation or other niocesj is required to be served by publication
in a newspaper the officer whose duty it may be to make such service shall be
furnished with the printer's fee for such publication before he shall be required
to have such service made.
The first section of the act of February 5 1841 regalating the sale of runaway
slaves prowdes also that where any slave is committed to jail as a runaway a
notice of the apprehension and commitment with a full description of such slave
shall be published weekly in one ofthc papers at the Seat of Government for the
space'of one month ami printed copies thereof furnished to the Clerk of the Coun-
ty Court of the county where the commitment shall have been made.
Tofacilitale the computation of our charges for advertising one hundred words
or less may be considered as constituting a square ; over one hundred and under
two hundred words two squares and 50 on.
Advertisements not marked with the time for which they are lo be published
will.be continued until forbid ana charged accordingly.
Subscribers Advertisers and Agents may remit money at our risk and expense.
All communications must be addressed lo the Publisher postpaid.
LIST OF AGENTS FOR THE GAZETTE.
jCr Agents will be allowed twenty per cent. 011 all moneys received and paid
er by them for subscriptions and advertising.
C. Erhard. San Marcos.
James Nicholson Bastrop.
W B. Coffee Lockhart.
"W. Basel New Braunfels.
John It. King Seguin.
3. A. J. Havnic Webber's Prairie.
Edw'd. Malloeh Gonzales.
M. Johnson Rort Lavaca.
John Henry Brown Indianola.
Alexander Sorr.civell Saluria.
W. L. Hunter Goliad.
B. P. Neal Corpus Christi.
James L. Trneheart San Antonio.
"W". J. Jones Columbus.
J. P. Crosby Brenham.
J. B. Robertson Independence.
H. R. Carlmell Washington.
M. K. Snell Houston.
H. W. Raglin Anderson.
J. R. Henry Springfield.
George W. Glascock Georgetown.
C. M. Hubby C.imeron.
ThosS P. Collins Crockett.
John H. Reagan Buffjlo.
John Welch Melton's P. 0.
S. A. Venters- Alton.
G. "W. Barnett McKir.ney.
James N.Smith Cuero.
P. U. Pridham Victoria.
J. W. B. McFarlane Refugio.
Peter Mahony San Patricio.
R. Howard Brownville.
A.G. Stakes Rio Grande City.
H. P. Bee Laredo.
John Hoffman Castroville.
Geo. P. Holcamp Fredericksburg.'
W. 1. Cruteher L-i Grange.
M. M. Battle Richmond.
A. Underwood Columbia.
R. D.Johnson Galveston.
Hugh B. Boston Montgomery.
Isaac MeGary HuntsVille.
John H. Potts. Leona.
W. P. Henderson Corsicana.
John Lund Pranklip.
S. W. Kellogg Wheelock.
Harvey Mitchell Boonville.
W. W. Hill & W. A. King Caldwell.
W. 11. Iluggins Liberty.
John P. Kale Livingston.
A. E. MeClure Palestine. '
A. P. Sullivan Kaufman.
James Bradley Greenville.
J. Jordan Jordan's Saline.
E. Hopkins Tarrant.
W. D. Fitch Sherman.
H. G. Hendricks Bonham.
W H. Millwee Paris.
G. F. Lnwton Clarksville.
S. U. McForlnr.il Boston.
Jefferson Cooke Ml. Pleasant.
S F. Mosely Jefferson.
John EL McNairy Gilmer.
W. P. Hill Marshall.
Thos. J- Hays Tyler.
Jas. R. Armstrong Henderson.
J. n. Anderson Carthage.
L. U. Ashcrott Shelbyville.
W. P. Britiain Rusk.
Thomas Barrett Nacogdoches.
O. M. Wheeler San Augustine.
Austin "& Clapp Sabinetown.
A. C. Caldwell Marion.
M. Priest Woodville.
Z. Wins Eddy Jasper.
Tho'a J. Booker Burkeville.
J. P. Pulsifer Beaumont. v
C. T. Hilliard Ililliard'sP. O.
Rev. John tlaynie Rutersville.
Geo. Burkhart Mntagcrda.
G. Eagan "Wharton.
Eli Mercer Egypt.
Edw'd Purcell Brazoria.
N. H. Munger San Felipe.
THE LAW ON NEWSPAPERS.
1. SubscribJts who do not give express notice to the contrary are considered
a wishing to continue their Subscription.
21 If Subscribers order the discontinuance of their papers the Publisher may
continue to send them until all that is due be paid.
3 If Subscribers neglect or refuse to take their papers from the office to which
Ihey aie directed they are held responsible until they have settled their bill and
order their papers discontinued.
l If Subscribers remove to other places without informing the Publisher
and the paper is sent to the former direction thty are held responsible.
S The courts have decided that refusing to take a paper or periodical from
ihe office or removing and leaving it uncalled for isprima facie evidence of lraud.
AUn ilint where a Subscriber 10 a periodical failed to notify the Publisher to
discontinue the paper at the end of the lime for which he subscribed or pay up
the arrearages he was bound tor another year.
And also that where a Poat Master failed to notify the Publishers of Newspa-
pers that their papers were not taken from the post office he rendered himself
liable for the amount of subscription.
For the Texas State Gazette.
by ;. c. 11.
"Wrapt in the shadows of lis mirUy gloom
The Captive sate within his prison room.
Like n dark cloud some sorrow seem'd to brood
O'er his great soul and all its firo'subdued.
lie tnonrn'd not o'er his own inflicted wrongs
That cold damp prison and those torturing thongs:
He lov'd his Country Mw.ts hrr hapless fate
That bow'd his soul and tni'ile him desolate;
For her he bore the felter'd captive's doom
The jailor's jeering scofls the prison's shadowy gloom.
Thus sate the Captive when the painter came
(Drawn by the glory of the patriot's fame)
To liace his features. He with sorrow view'd
The downcast look the mind's dejected mood:
Not pensive thus the artist chose to trace
The soul-fraught features of the patriot's face:
'Twas the last silting and he'd fain inspire
His arJent spirit with its wonted fire
Of the great martyr he was Tain to give
A picture to the world that his own name might live.
Thus sate the Captive when the painter spoke :
" Ha'st thou yet heard how Erin's sons have broke
'Tne fast-wrought chain the Saxon lorg'd of yore 1
How they have won their ancient rights once more -now
the last shipTrom o'er th' Atlantic brought
The glorious news how valiantly ihey fought? "
Enough 1 enough I like fire electric flew
Those thrilling woids the patriot's pulses through ;
As the quick lightning lights the clouded sky
The-tidings lit the gloomy Captive's eye
'Till fill'd with holv ecstacy he rais'd
His glowing eyes to Heav'n and The Deliverer prais'd.
While thus the Captive grateful thanks return'd
To Heav'n for that for which his soul hadyearn'd
Th' uplift'd gaze thcoul's expressive mood
The sacred glow the pray'rful attitude ;
With ready eye the painter mark'd wellpleas'd
Scan'd every feature and his pencil seiz'd :
And in his task his highest art he threw
And touch by touch to life the canvass grew;
'Till soon beneath th aspiring master's stroke.
With eyes upturn'd to Heav'n the pictur'd'eaptive spoke.
The task is o'er the painters goal is won
His fame is fixed thai only had begun ;
For all who see that picture must proclaim
The artist worthy of a Raphael's fame ;
Yet ere he goes he needs must undeceive
Th' exulting captive tho' his soul 't will grieve ;
For Erin's sons alas ! have not yet broke
But still are curs'd with England's hated yoke;
And the false news the painter but convey'd "
T' arouse the drooping soul his genius thus portray'd.
With the sad truth the painter now proceeds
And as excuse his harmless motive pleads;
But while the captive listens to his tale
His frame isshud'ring and his cheeks are pale:
He shrinks he totters to the cold damp ground
And with the fall the gloomv aisles resound ;
"Help! help! oh! help!" th' affrighted painter cries
Then plies each ait his judgment can devise
With the fond hope that he may yet restore
The life-betok'ning pulse that lifeless throbs no more.
'Tis vain' tis vain! the light has fled the eyes
And on the heart the frozen life blood lies:
In vain in vain his name the painter calls
' Tis only answer'd by the echoing walls I
Too bright the flame that in his breast he lit!
Too cold the stream that next extinguished it!
Like some sweet harp with chords too tightly strung
Hush'd is the melody with which it rung!
' Tis done ! lis done ! the captive's bonds are ri v'n
And the unfetter'd soul has wing'd its flight to Heav'n.
In the old world o'er Europe's wide domain
On Hungary's plain on fair Italia's shore
From Biscay's waters to the Ural chain
Freedom is crushed and tyrants reign once more.
When Cossack steeds bathe in the limp'd Rhine
Germania yielding to the Russian horde
Then France forever let the shame be thine
That thou who mightest have saved could sheathe thy sword.
And leave the groaning people yet to sigh.
For a brief space will tyrants act their parts
But Oh despair not I freedom's battle cry
Stilled on the lips re-echoes in the hearts
Of Europe's millions; there it cannot die
But soon will ring out clearly in the bright blue sky.
S M T W T F
CAIiTEWDAR. FE& 1849.
S M T
ABUMVA1.S AW DEPARTURES
1 the RIaiils at Autrtin.
S. G. IIAYNIE City Postmaster.
3LVKSTON MAIL via Webbpi'u Prairie Bastrop. Cunninghnm' La
Grange fiutiTHvillc Shulta's Monlville Indepnmlence Washington 1'nrrimun's
tod Hamlin' to Houston by four hnrjo coaohen; thmre to Galveaton liy mentn-
r: Awive on Sunilny ana ThurAluyit at G p. m. ami deports on 'Sundays and
VrdnomlantGn. in. ....
WKSIERN MAIL via Son Mnrcon and Now Uriuinfnli to Fan Antomn in
fnur horno co who nml ibenro to Castrovillo on horpobm-k : Arrives on Tuesdays
ami Saturday W G p. m nml depirts on Mondays and Friday ot 0 a. m.
SOUl'HWr.STKRN MAIL via Lockhart Goniules Cuoro Victoria Port La
Vcu lnillnnnln Saluria Gnliud Refugio Lamar Snn Patricio Corpus Chrini
Urownsvillii nml Rio Grnmlo City to Larodo on horseback: Arrives on Tuofdays
at 4 p. m. and departs on Wednesdays at G a m.
MpRTHr.UN JUlIi vi Georgetown Wnco Village Wcyman's Rirhlund
Mitchnll's Dullns MeKinnoy Greenville Alton Sherman Bonham nnd Paris to
huksville on horseback ; Arrives on Thursdays at 4 p. m. and departs on Fri-
tiajs t 0 a. nv' $fttl4Ut. fcn 't "'. l
CONTRACT with SS.- Castro and J. Jassaiul :
February 15 1842.
Whereas by tho fourth section of nil net of Congress passed
the fourth day of January A. D 1841 entitled " An act granting;
land to emigrants" (he President of the Republic of Texas is
authorized to contract with certain persons therein named for the
purpose of colonizing and settling a portion of the vacant and
Unappropriated lands of the Republic ; and whereas by another
act of Congress passed tho fifth day of February A. D. 1842 en-
titled " Auact amendatory of an act granting land to emigrants
approved January 4th 1841" the provisions of the act first above
recited so far as relates totheaurliority thereby given to the Pre-
sident to enter into a contract with W. S. Peters and others (nfim-
ed in said act) to introduce colonists upon certain terms
therein expressed and bet forth are extended to such other com-
pany or companies as may bo formed and organized for like pur-
poses ns tho President may in his judgment approve. Now there-
fore this contract and agreement made this fifteenth day of
February A. D. 1842. at the city of Austin between Sam Hous-
ton President of the Repriblic of Texas on the part of said Re-
public of tho first part and Henri Castro and John Jassand and
their associates of the second part witnesseth :
That for and in consideration of the grnnts and privileges rights
and immunities hereiualter mentioned the said parties ot tne se-
cond part contract and agree to introduce or cause to be intro-
duced a colony of six hundred' families or single men over the
nga of seventeen years within three years from the dote of this
contract and to have the same settled within the limits of tho
tracts of land hereinafter specified and set apart for safd party of
the second part nil of which said fumiliqs or single men.1 are"1 to
bo free white inhabitants of a foreign country and to reside withiii
said limits. v
In consideration whereof the said party of tho first part hero-
by designates assignsand sets apart for tjiesaid parties of thesx
cond part and for the settlement of said colony the three follow-
ing described tracts of land that is to say : Tract No. One com-'
mencing ut the Laredo crossing on tho left bank of the Rio Frio'
thenco along the Laredo road to tho dividing ridge of the Rio.
Frio and Medina waters to a point equidistant from these two-
rivers thence with that range as nearly equidistant as practica-
ble as above to d point twenty miles north of the upper Presidio t
Rio Grande road thence in a direct line to the point of conflu-
ence of tho Arroyo de Uvalde with the Rio Frio thenco down
tho loft bank of the main branch of the Rio Frio to the point of
commencement. Tract No. Two consisting of one fourth part
of a tract twenty miles in breadth on the east bank of the Rio
Grande commencing on the Eio Grande five miles below the
crossing of tho road from the Salt Lakes of San Patricio county
to Catnargo and stretching upwards along tho left of the Rio
Grande to'a point ten miles above tho Dolores Ferry which tract
is to be divided into four equal parts each fronting on the Rio-
Grande which aro to be numbered one two three and four the
numbers commencing at the lowest point on the Rio Grande.
The Dortion now set apart and designated as tract No. Umi tV
Henri Castro and John Jassand and their associates is the pari No
one of tho above division. Tract No. three. now set apart to'
Henri Castro John Jassaud and their associates is part No. three
of said division.
And the said party of the first part further contracts and agrees:
in behalf of the Government of Texas to give and to grant to
each family so introduced by the said parties of the second1 part
who shall reside within the said described limits six hundred ands
forty acres of land to be located in a squareT as nearly as possible.'
within said limits and to each single man over the age of seventeen
years so introduced three hundred and twenty acres of land
each of which said grantees shall be entitled to receive from the
Government of Texas a full and absolute title to the same when-
ever they shall have built a good and comfortable cabin upon it
and shall keep in cultivation and under good fence at least fifteen
acres on the tract for which they aro to leceive title.
And the said party of the first part further contracts and
agrees to allow the said parties of the second part as a compensu-y
tion tor inuir services mm in luuumpeiise oi meir laoor ana ex-
pense attendant on the introduction and settlement of the families
introduced by them a premium of ten sections of land for every
hundred families and in the same ratio of half sections for every;
hundred single men so introduced and settled ; but no fractional
numoer tess man one uunurea win oe allowed any premium
which said premium lands must be selected from tho vacant landa
within the limits of tho tract of land above designated and set.
apart for the settlement of the said colonists
And the said party of tho first part further contracts and rigrees;.
in behalf of the Government of Texas to give and grant to each
settlement of one hundred families made under the provisions of
the before recited acts in conformity with the conditions of this '
contract one section of six hundred and forty acres of land each
of which said sections shall be located as near the centre of the-
settlement receiving the same as maybe practicable and shalMe
used by the said settlements to aid and assist them in the erection:
of buildings for" religious public worship; and it is hereby
mutually agreed by the parties to this contract that all legal lo-
cations that may have already" been made within tho boundaries
so designated or that may hereafter be made and surveyed pre-
vious to the fifteenth day of April next shall be respected ; and:
any locations or surveys made by the said parties of the second.-
part or their emigrants on such locations shall be null and void.
And it is further agreed between the said parties to this con-
tract that all lands lying within the limits of the tracts which
have been designated and set aside for the said patties of the se-
cond part which shall not be appropriated according to the termv
of this contract to the emigrants or for premium or ehurchy
lands shall after the expiration of two years revert to and re-
main the sole property of the Government of Texas as a part oC
the public domain.
And it is further agreed between the parties to this contract-
that unless tho parties of the second part shall have introduced
two hundred families that is to say : One-third of tho whole
number of families which they have contracted to introduce with-'
in the limits of the Republic before the expiration of one year
from the date of this contract then the said pnrtiesof the secondl
part shall forfeit all the lands and immunities rights and privile-
ges of whatsoever kind name and nature thitt they may have pre-
viously acquired by virtue of this contract ; but no forfeituro on.
the part of the parties of tho second port shall in any manner pre-
judicothe rights of such families and single persons as they may-
introduce who shall be entitled to their respective quotas of land
in the same manner as if the said parties of the second part had
completed their contract.
And it is further agreed between the parlies to this contract that
tho following shall bo the definition of the word family as it is
used in .this instrument namely: First a man and his wife.
Second a widower and two or more children if viales under'
the. age of seventeen years if females unmarried Third if a
widow the same as a widower either of which three classes
shall be considered as constituting a family in the construction of"
this contract. . "t
And it is further agreed between the parties to this contract -that
the said parties of the second partshall not be permitted to in-'
troduce any emigrant who has been guilty of any atrocious crimc.f'
or who is of bad moral character nor shall they nor an v of the'
families or persons introduced by them bo permitted tosell or givq-
any spirituous or intoxicating liquors tcany Indian or Indians
nor shall they furnish them in any manner with powder leajj
fire-arms or with any other kind ef war-like weapons upon- jjnltu
of forfeiting when convicted thereof all tho lands. they may-
have acquired by virtue of this contract.
And it is further mutually agreed between the jsn i d rn r ttes list
ithe patties of thojsecoud part shall be bound to; ha Wdeslgffijolp
t 1M -
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Matthewson, R. C. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 10, Ed. 1, Saturday, October 27, 1849, newspaper, October 27, 1849; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80901/m1/1/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.