Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 40, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 25, 1850 Page: 2 of 8
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trit-.j. ..... ...... '. T7iiH77i" ''- "" i i Z':::
.aWaSSa.ii 1'irSjK' Xr'MSWJ'PPrm'rwrSO.
if lf J&jfflJJLJU.J.XrJhyAJUJI KA'JJJl i.l.iJL .l.'.i 4
' imwwBce seal. .;iM
THE STATE GAZETTE.
MJS3?IN fiAf HJipAY MY-25tf8S(j .
--- M-ri---'. "' ... -.A ... ....
rVMcsTrsfRTkORniSi RHINE& C0(J general 1'e' fefeSn?
Agents forfeWcws Papers aftd Magazine areau'.hoTlzed to collect and receipt
for the State Gazelle. .
-KWesre HOthoflzcdtonnnonnce JOHN M. OOSTLW wa rtngdate-lor
thlofflce jf DISTRICT CLERK forTravl Couniy.ntlli August election.
.& Vfearcauihoilsed to announce E. STERUNG 0 ROBERTSON as
candidate for the ofllce of COMPTROLLER a) ihrAugosl election.
"t Wc are authorised announce B. P McANNELLY as n candldate-for
the office of SHERIFF of Travis Connifral the Augnfct election.
' 'We-are authorised to 'flDnounceT.B BECK as a ftriht s office
ef ASSESSOR & COLLECTOR for .Travis County at the August election.
'WWi'areKwfioffaeilinHfcinA'V!o JAMES1 B. SHAW as a'feaiiMdate fur
recto1hcoffi"oTCOMPTROLLERrat the. Atfgtttt chctlcm"
WVearciiiiteorfc'c loannounce JAMES ' H. RAVMOND ps h candidate
twttil&W tfeWfonlre'o'f Stefa TREASURER at Hie AugdM election
''iV'Weare authorised to announce THOMAS M. WOOtURIDGJE as a
clBtlfdale for theoffice of DISTRICT'CLERK. at the August election.
ToPWe nro authorised to announce A H; EVANS of San. Augustine as a
candidate for the-office of ATTORNEY GENERAL at We August election.
j!J-)Ve are aulhoii.zcd lo. annpupco F. M. HARRIS; as a candidate far the
offiqq of .DISTINCT CLERIf at Uio-Agste1ccjion. ' .
"iS We ard authorized tonnUouncd A; J. HAMILTON Esq. aa a -candidate
fqfiATTORNEY GENERALjpflhe State at the ensuing election Iri August...
IS-We are duth'brized to anndtlncc 'HARVEY SMITH as a candidate for
SHERIFF of Tra viscounty nt the August election.
3r We lire 'authorized to announce Col. A. M. LEWIS' of ' 'Washington
Coiinjr'a3 n candidate fur ATTORNEY QENEUALof the State at the ensd-
igg August electjop.
fj We are authorized Id announce Ai O. QORNE as Candidate SoHhe of-
ficio .District Cleric of Tayja.Cpun.ty at' the next August election.
.ffej "'Wemftljoopr. thanks to. Gpni Rusk .for several yory aci
ccptabletpublic documents. ;
'VHf ftloj. Bortj. J. White of Jackson county returned to this
place afov days agofrprnan oxqursion4o the- mountains and
brought with him many specimens of "meiallic ores and among
thorn some containing a -large per centnge of silver.
!5Cjf .obsoryo that Samuel A.. Roberts Esq..of Bonham has
been apppinted by tho Secretary of War as one of tho board to
attend the examination of tho cadets of the West Point' Military
Academy next month. . ! -
ntCj" Onp .Southern exchanges including those frohi onrown'
.State are. filled with accounts of heaVy raids swollen streams
unfavorable' "weather andmost unprbmis.ing crops.'
ftr. vr . i: '. '. L : 1 i -u
D33?rQviou8tolheiineeting.oi tho last Legislature tho num-
ber.ofwcounties in thisStato was scvonty-niri'e. Itis'nbwninety
on'oby' tho crbati'on of the counties pT Bell Ellis EI Phso
Falls Kinney McCehr.an Presidio Tarrant. Trinity. Uvalde
Wpqcj and Worth. :.-..
'itj Col. Jphh O.'H'yBj'of tliis Sluto!' is anuouriced in the Alta
Oolilornia nowsfinperi' as 'n 'caiididatb.fo'r. tho sheriffalty of San
EJrancisco. i iM1 ; . .. . i .
i m h-iiii V.
EdpTho Western Texan' favors' a' change in tho trahsit of the
maws.desjgncu jor western 'iexns irom. mo present route
AusTtN Muy 24. 1850.
To the' Editor of the Stale Gtazetto : -.'
In '.the South Western American of a late date is n notice;
about ft Land Patent Seal found among the papers of the late Wil-
littni Bryan at Galveston. v .
The Into Commissioner of the General Lapd Office' Col. Thqs.
Wm. VVatd ordered thrdfigh Mf. Bryan a seal to be engraved ih
New Orleans which Mr. Bryan had made as he supposed agree-
ably tojho order. He sent it to Col. Ward with a bill of the
cost: blit Col. Ward afterwords returned it staling that it would
not unswor. Mr. 'Bryan offered it back to the engraver who re-
fused to take it and demanded paynienf. Mr Bryan replied thai
ho nod not received tho nay Irom Uol. Ward and declined paying
for it. Tho engraver then said he might keep it for ho would
have nothing more to do with it. The seal vas then put away
among Mr. Bryan's papers as perfectly useless. How tllis seal
and the private papers of Mr. Bryan etime into the hands of the
person who sent the impression from tho seal to the Secretary of
Mtate the administrators of the late 'Mr. Bryan can best' explain J
as I Imve not seen them since thev were taken from nW posses
sion at Galvdstdn.
through Galveston apd Houston to that by way of La VacaBay.
'Wo always" says that journal " receive intelligence by the lat-
ter '"route more than a week 'sooner than by the regular mail
tlio distance of land carriage is rriuch shorter and tho transpbrfa-
tipfl fl'f the mail wpu'ljl bemuch safer cheapen and surer than
bHonatgn" Undoubtedly erniiweokly Ijne of stoges to
Austin add San Antonuvbranching at Gonzales and connecting
regiilivrVy HvitlV the arrival of- the steamships' in La Vaca Bay
v?6Uld affbrtL'us' mall facilities 'which we ciinriot! hope to get
through any other channel.
Tife'Tcsas Navy. ''- y
-Wele'arri'tha't the 'committee on' Kavul Affairs' of the House of
Reprsehthti'vesi Hayb'hgVeed to report a. bill 'for the admission of
thpjofficeirs pf "the ' Texas Navy Into that of the United States.
Itjis understood that. tho. committer willpresontiaistrong and con-
chisivo argument irf favor qf the measure. ' We hail this as some
irwidiibslation too long delayed of a returning sense of justice
on'tjvi'rjpf fongrss towards those who served Texa&fnith-
fuiy'in(6ordays.pf ;ial and did much to enrich and enlarge our
gloriou.H Union. Toadmit them ipto tho national navy will be
bntanvactpf simple justice and good . faith of which none can
resbnubly comRluin and which hits been. .and should contimmrrt
be demanded as such. by tho people. and rqprpsentatives of this
State until it shall have boon fully accorded.
JrJ Gen. Houstotf iesumctfhis' seat'in the Soiiafo on tho 25th
tifVH-'-'' if!''.'-'.i'l ;;. ;.' " '"a ; .' ' "if '.; ' .; . .
.p3i!GetK!Wm.SJHarnqy!iias arrivedjot St..Louisy en-route
fdrlFort Leavenworth ivhore lie hos boon orderetf to preside bn
in - ." i:-' .'f:.!''ji-i-i .; ' ' ' "'
iiCj?tIt!s Uflt-atnonDjrobabiUlies( saysiihe Bonham Advertiser
lei-- As for Texas
icieht ajssiirjirlce to
Srio linrl Inn niiinh
!TOWg9)ngr5mto. thq Union tq wjallcojit.uppn tho.first
figOhitli6:30h' iiU.i';thre';planter'3' iri MaVeHgo'doUn'ty Ala..1
l1' cbt'fp'foV.M Ufeime;'; he crawfish
MwUas the wet and cold weather had done great damage to
blJIa W$ co.m . Tne Pspect for good crops was eloomy
ittlr? wormwestern Texas presents .ifirrant. nttmniinnft itn nni.
f Site P'1' th 8t5)P?sWV'fldwjph
-jWJ'.wi'; .iHg-nfw9(pM(r w rwtm ifi.miifrM hi dw t
.ninmm-i mmnypK rmMwmm Mi H itJitiJ
The Nashville Convention.
The atteippttoetuptlijs body has been every vhere either n partial or total
failure. The probability is. that it y;ll not assemble at all From the Potomac
to the Ho Grande no effort has been omitted to rouse the people to a participa-
tion in the movement but all Without am ihing like general surqess. Georgia
says' the New Orleans Bulletin ''will be as popularly and as faithfully repre-
sented in the convention as any other Southern State. How full this representa-
tion will be may be inferred from this ascertained fact that not cine third of the
counties in the Slate voted and that the aggregate bfthe entire vole in thti ninety-
one or two votinc; counties does riot equal ihe population' of one of the larger
counties'. This we should say was sufficiently' significant 6f public sentiment
in that State ; and what wfc say of Georgia may be stfid of every other Southern
Stale. II IS the politician and not the people who are getters up ot this conven-
tion ; and in thai body if it ever does meet there will nbt be a single delegate who
can truthfully avow himself as the representative of' the people'. The people
seem determined to act for themselves and to wait for the crisis which haa been
so long threatened before they tesot t to the extreme) remedy disunion."
Tho Compromise Committee.
Tho latest roports we havo seen'in relation to the contempla
ted action of the Compromise Committee representlhem as hav
ing agreed upon the adoption of tho present limits and constitu-
tion of California and tho erection of Territorial goVerrtrrietits
for tJtah and New Mexico without any restriction as to slavery
the- two measures to be united in one bill. It is represented also
that the committee will probably fix tho northern boundary line
of Texas thirty miles abo'oe El Paso ! No sum is nariied as
hrtving been agreed Upon as indemnity to Texus for the sale of
her Santa Fe territory. It is however stated that Mr. Clay and
others had signified their willingness to go as high as five or
even seven and a half millions of dollars! The committee do
not propose to recommend tho immediate admission of any new
Stute to be formed frqm our territory but to affirm in the report
all the obligations contained in the resolptions of annexation.
Taking it for granted that the foregoing are to be some of the
features in the plan of adjustment to be proposed by the commit-
tee we depart fronl the course we intended to pursue in. order to
declare at once and most emphatically that the peope of Texas
will never consent for any consideration or under any state of
circumstances that the bpjmdary between them and New Mexico
shall como below the thirty-fourth degree of north latitude. We
are as certain of this as we possibly1 can be of a'ny thing yet to
bo decided by the popular will. It will.be labor lost and time
spent to no purpose foi Congress to make any such proposition
to tho people of this State. ; It would be rejected we.are satisfied
almost unanimously. .
Arid again : wc are equally confident that Texas will never
consent to accept from' the 'General Government or any power
on earth the.sum 9f seven olid a'hulf jriillionsof dpllars fqr the
territory proposed to be ceded even north of the thirty-fourth
parallel. About eighty millions of acres wo believe are em-
braced in that portion of our territory. Fifteen millions of dol
lars wonla be a low pneefor the lands nlono without any refer-
ence to the great ends sought to be attained by the purchase of
our rights of jurisdiction. Fifteen millions would enable the
State to discharge her rovpliuionary debt and satisfy all heYcred-
itors. But however desirous shetnay be to extricate herself from
debt and however ready to submit to great' sacrifices id preserve
tho peace of the Uiioh yet she will be utterly unwilling to take
the whole burthen upon herself. It would be useless and un-
candid to hold out to Congress any hope of AiPurchasp for less
than the largest amount we have named; and wo. trust 'thatif
any bill proposing a less siim should be likely to pass our del-
egation wil promptly1 move its indefinite 'postponement. '
tXjf Mr. Harris ot Illinois in a late speech in the House 6l
Representatives referring to tho cons'dqrte'nces' of disunion said :
I spoke Mr. Chairman ol.rendjmrthis Government intp 'frag.
monts and wotijd! not any sort of separatipn so result?' Wha.t
sojt of geographical or 'commercial affinity has Maryland and
Virginia forKeUtncky or the valley Stated with-the seaboardj or
Texas with either? Ndjstr; as tho veaer'able Senator from
Texas exclaimed not long since "Texas came ijitojhe Union
of these States--whenthat UniQi.ceases Texas goes oiit.' In
this our Senator declared what would in our judgment bo but
ono of the inevitable' results of dissolution. Texus would fall
bock upon herpriginal limits; .and having tried the realities of
bouVconditionspf political existenceindependence and union--she.
would probably in such cv.ent prefer the formqr. And this
wpuld not appear very strange to .those who should look at the.
horsji neglect she has received frpip tho General Government
since she has been a member of the Union.
. I. nMIIHHIfllllll llll I I I . HI...
f.U TJtd: steamer Washington Captain? Kajfield recently" a-
cendudi Little. RvQrteighty- ntijes labove its confluencoi.With the
Brazos-atwelcqme visitor td.thejpejeplqiofuCamQron.vi '
llji ')')l I'l'jl. "!-'. li-ii
Our Enemies at Washington.
4 Wo have been favored with the following extract of a letter
'from one of our most ominent citizens now in Washington to a
friend in this cityy dated AprilJ25th' 1850. Tiib writer says :
" Texas finds but little favor with tho high functionaries of tho
Government Indeed you havo no conception oi the degree ot
prejudice oxisting against us here. Tho War depnrtment is not
at all inclined to favor tho paymont of our troops. Application
ha3 been made to Congress and wo may succeed after a longjde-
lay. Tho administration discredit all the reports in reference to
the Indian depredations on our frontier settlements and the gen-
eral impression is that wo only want troops for the pecuniary
advantage which might accrue from their being in service. I
have often expressed the opinion that Gen. Taylor would do us
justice in reference to frontier protection ; but I am now satisfied
that it makes no sort of difference with him how much blood may
be shed upon our border He insists that infuntry is tho only
effective troops for our defence and that they must bo regulars
It however may not be considered very remarkable that the Prei's
dent should indulge in these prejudices for his opinions and pre-
judices find advocates in our own State. Our present Indian
Agent I learn is very much opposed to volunteer service. And
occusionully a fellow will como in search of office who in order
to gain favor with tho powers that be will corroborate every
statement made against us of an unfavorable eharucter. Thus
you will see some of the difficulties our friends here have to con-
Volunteers in the Mexican War.
The following table includes all tho volunteers in service
during the war with Mexico except the California enlistments
which number five hundred and seventy-one and several re-enlisted
volunteers numbering eight hundred and forty-five. There
were enlisted also twenty-one thousand and eighteen men for
the old regiments during the war; ond thirteen thousand nine
hundred and ninety-one men for the ten new regiments inclu-
ding the yoltigeurs.
Wisconsin . -Iowa.
Maryland and District
From free States ;' (24712i--Arkansas
' ;i' "" ' ' -.Florida
- ;; -: I Texas v
From slave States
unierencein lavoroi stave states d'd)67.
P3 It seems to be generally believed that an expedition for'
the liberation of Cuba has sailed for its destination. As to the'
number of men composing it or the manner in which it was fit-
ted out wo have no correct information The rumor which pre-
vailed here a day or two ago that they had effected a landing
on the island &c. was no doiibt premature.
S3 Twelve deaths by cholera recently occurred on the steam-
er St. Louis between Now Orleans and Memphis. There were
onboard five or six hundred emigrants and a lurge number of
horses and mules. As there was no cholera in New Orleans it
is believed to have originated on the boat.
SCr A contract has already been made with the municipal au-
thorities' of New. Orleans for planking a portion of Fulton street
and proposals have been submitted for "similar work on several
of those lending to the levee and u portion of the levee itself.
It is said that a road forty feet wide covered with planklhreo
inches thick can be made for three dollars and sixty cents per
lineal foot. When once fairly commenced wo have no doubt
this work will cpmtpend itself to the people of tho Crescent Citv
by its many striking advantages: We know of no other plan W
which the streets could be sa much improved.
V3r We understand that a survey has been made for a road di-
rect from Austin to Texana and of another to Port LaVoca.
The distance to Texana by actual measurement is one hundred
and six miles and a lialf The few streams to be crossed on
either route Hove been bridged and no impediments from hfrh
waters or otherwise to the safe and easy passage of wagons can '
be anticipated. The channel of communication from this nmn
to the gulf has thus been greatly shortened; mid wo have no
dpttbt the comparative advantages it presents will bo duly con
sldorcd by all those in this part of the State interested in cihenir
and easy transportation. "'
Id?" Immense damage has been occasioned on tho Warrior
river In Alabama by high water. The crops of corn and cotton
have been entirely destroyed fences washed away and cattle
JgTi Cotton has advanced in New Orje.-ujs a half and.fi ve-
cjghths of a cent per pound from the favorable accounts received
by tho last European steamer. .
np: l 'is suited by the. Washington correspondent -of in
Charleston Courier that the provisions of thd Nicaragua treat'v'
lately concluded are highly favorablq b the United Stales and to
the whole commercial world. -
B3 Mr. L. B. Harris of Houston in a loiter published in the
Mercantile Advertiser speaks very favorably of the excellencn nf
the route through Texas and down the Gila The whole fob
Jiey was made not only without disaster but with' real pleasure!
''s.syoid doubt the-best overland route between the waters
pfJtheGdlf and the Pacific Ocean. . ' ;"'.- .ulof3
- W wu
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Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 40, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 25, 1850, newspaper, May 25, 1850; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80930/m1/2/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.