Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 40, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 25, 1850 Page: 4 of 8
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Hut . ;zrT-s .. . - '..'- i n
Sf I fi'1 '
IK I '
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rPMm" - 'i
itOiHlw 12th UU.l'GAit?rWi'fc'rtl 'boin'tt the 'Sehhtd.tho- joint
tno Legislature ol inuoiaie ut -loxns uiwvwn
fthaarvice rendered in. suppressing Indian hqsiihiiMS on llie
lfSSS'&ttlHw jwjll4a affairs mid .ordered : to
Mlso memorial Pf theLegislntqre of Tfaqsiiig thoiinit
iSnaiueiir ApeW.infiiTn8v by that State Mi pmyjMW ''
rvtMHiiittuG nn Mintarv Aiiursauuuiuun-u .;i'"'".Tt
. . . . . i. .. i...:....
JJfUSa lu hou men u" - v ' 'ih ill
meoiuraby tho government me uu - .p
public ot Mexico. or tua.;nim"m ? " :? ':; ::
service c? initials escflpingirmn ennui "y : W'd bo
TJeoC Uippthor; which was ordered to luibe. tabloid bo
PJ5 '' joi.it resolution from the samp and wto same m-
rncSiw mfavor of on appropriation tor tb.P erection flf; a light-
gTof &ratfe whirii W ordered to ho. o te table and be
! . II 1 .
. " :..... : rnVn tfm snme nnd with like instructions
SaH38rfilSioii if ihe' $ta)o of To; over the Rod river ;
w:C a!La n tin on the. tab e nnd bo. printed.
tfAlh'CU 10 Ht reSOIUUOn or mesuiue wim ' " 7
V&Z?eV!i H...d.r. . n Inw- nine ihr the nnmes of the Survi
AW.? .'u.i. .":: rAir.rlHfl iii iharevnLatiotiarVstrilffeio
. vl ilvQ nnmnirfnl t 1Q WldnWS Olid OmlHUIS 01 t'iOiO
ainiu. hiau fvi.iriy"?"- ----. . . .
l'V niiiivesfahlishiiio' nn nddi. onnl district court ot the
&9Wb2 was laid on the table nod
ordered to' printed. ' .. ... . . o .
werd kilfedprdied Of wouiifl? recetvea in iiwisuusbiv mj " l
nJ' " ' ... .i" n..i..A tnc . ml. i.h iinq nrdi'retl to. lie Ofl
pensiQii .roilPi imp.'vuw." Miua v...... -- -- -
tiiVfnble nhd be printed.
' X)iithe.15th ult.j in proposing the .following' amendment to tho
DefieioiicyB'ili" viz: '' '; ' ;!" ;''' ' '
aftd'Huiaheby itnthorizftd' ib oihpioy'Uen-iWo hcld;iiio
i.ix?;: t1ii;n tt rSrtVnn ntinhrilneut : seVen' clerks each at
'rTHhal salary of l 4'UU eiglitolerteiitih. ut a.V'f
of'itillO : and seveli 'cWrkshch at an annua .salary of; S1UUU ;
atTdroiie additional watchman; at a salary of $36.; 't ' " (
ifGVii. Kusk s.iid : u . ' . . i.
vI'fwouldnotroub)othoSon'ttt.o with n single remark a expla-
nation ot this amendment if I had beeuable to .et the re-.
c'rcnFC'U hortly to n thousand more ; so that when we take into
cou8iderntiou (he very considerable nnniunt of bliiness which
hiisdevolvud upon the General Post UliJco hore nod alHO. a& hus
.been s.nied by iho gmiator from Maryland resuuini; from the nr-
raiifxciiif ill with Grout Briiaih it is ini)urtulit that this addition
should be' made; Wo are expending some1 $4tlKH)UII0 or 5
0001)1)0 annually in carrying on the business of this depi rtuR'iit1
ti it cl it really pp fs that its utismess should not he ohstrncied
lor-the .wiint.of the small appropiiation' of thirty or forty
thousand dollars which is here iisked for nhd absolutely ne-
cessary for carrying on the business of the department properly.'
Amundmeit ndopfedayt's 30.noes i4.
In the Ilonse of Representatives on the 8th. April. Hflr. Kauf-
man gave notice of his intention toofFerthe follo.wingresolution
which' were read for information :
Whereas it appears from a jihhlichtion in 'the Washington
Republic that Janib'S. Calhoitn the ludinu-Agent fdt Santa Pe
ajipoinfed by the1 President iusterid'of aMndingsolelv to his du-
ties as such Inderal oliiceri H'endi'tivdrinijto iticite tne people of
Shnto Pt5 and vicinity to forma Staled derngnltnn 'of (he claims
ofTexus to s.iid territory; dud whereus such interference is im
proper: Therefore ..)
I. liesblocd That .tho President be requested to' inform this
House whether such interference on (he pari of said Indian. Agent
is.wilhout FiXecntive approval. ' ' .
licsoltieds That the President be requestrd to inform this
House whether any of the officers of Government have been
i istmcted by him or the Secretory of War to prejudice the
chums of Texas to Santa P6 by inducing the people of thut
place and vicinity to form a Sta'e' government.
3i Resolved That the President be requested to inform this
House whether nny of the iiistiuctions issued by the previous
Administration to the military officers at Sania Fe to support
the jnrisdintion of Texas over said territory have been uhii.tU-
ed or modified by this 'Administration and. also whether the
proclamation of Ijieuteiiaot'Coloilel Beal I calling.' the conven-
tion that met at Sunta Fe on the 24ili September; 1849 to form'
a territorial government was sanctioned by this Government and
if so to- furnish this House copies of the order sanctioning the
same; ' ' ' ' ' ' ''
On the llt'h Mr'. Burt pf South Carolina chairman of the
follow.after .tUo.'onroUtneutj! VhatavoiilU bo the conse-
. placing arms in.their huid' TQiWlmJ would it iMad 'I
and also upon ..tho Assistant Postmaster General pnd upon
ciiWf Clerk" and devoted a good deal of time to the;cnmiui
.iiio .rruhv ...l ncnni-iimrxl lmiTititl i nniiht Ihnt't he nils
thoiiqmbqr of clerks employed in tniu aeparvmeuA. uinm i'
tiino'agfe(Hncre)iseb'i?UikQn plncunthq mUftber and exient
oIahjvniilil-rQUte?tmdseviy;al thousand additional. post offices
have been established throuiihout tho country which hnve ne-
cessarily occasioned a veiygreat ijicrense in the business of ihed J.-
'.pnrimeut. In addituVifto thht a postararrmigement lias been
.made witH'Enghmdnn arrangement vvhicli is highly bouofi
cial to tho commercial imprests of: .the country whidh devolves
a great deal of lupor upon the department ; and there is. not .iif-
; ficiMt 'force to do the work. 1' called on the PostiiJuster General
culd not be donp with Ihe present force that is eriujloyecl. in the
department.. I do upt behev.o them is any aeportmetn ot tne
Government Y.her9 there issp much labor performed as. is per-
formed' by (lie clerks of thut department.
rejiprted' (his bill some time ngo and should have colled on
thVSenaW to adopt ft as a separate measure but two .. reasons
have ipdueed. metoqffer jl'as an amendment to this bill. Oue is.
'iiaviV.unject boibro its which has absorbed neurly the whole
timepf thoeintte and there is no probability of procuring the
adopfion of any ineasttre until toward-- tho close of the sessiou
And another reas.oi is t)at a! ibis very moment tere is n very
large amoiffit of business devolving oh the Post Office Depart-
ment. It is the time for Wakihg contracts; the contractors are
hfirrnWiftiifg therehewnl ofUhe.ir contracts ; and owing to the
iiisuffioieirtfiircfthat is employed in the department tlVoy arc
kopt'here 'iitinh ekpftnsa for U considerable time; tirid'n .the mean
tifnoithe mail transp6rtation throughout the cotintry'is consider-
ably f da ranged. . '
hone. therafnro. the Senate will excuse nny informality there
mayibein nfF'riiig this proposition as tin amendment to thisbili
in'cpnstdftnvtioh oC the cirMim"tauces. It triay he considered by
sorneVSi.nntor'a large iUtireasp to bo made at once ; but 1 assure
youj sir thatl.lncvo nbt brought forward the proposition without
a most thorough QHaminHtiriU'ldlo the condition of thedepan-
mentij and the result of that examination nnd investigation is a
thorough conviction that a duo regard to the public service de-
irwhdH'th'wtamounLdf irtcrease in the force of the department.
Thorais no'rtmn who would o further to check an unnecessary
extension of the patronage or any department of tho Govern-
mcntthnn.I would ; fori regiird an extended patronage ns n
sonrco of evil ; yot nt tho same time I think it is a false pcoiio-
myto!curtatl thoforcein any of the departments so that such
- dprt'tiwnt cannot accomplish the purposes contemplated in it4
forftwtiori.'! The expense is nolhini? compared with' the sotfifiee
otitbxivublic: interests that triust aenrue if yon from a false idea
of! economy withhold the necessary mertns of carrying out the
main intemirVaintho establishment of;a dopariment such lis that
of J the Pok Office; It is certainly a m'osti imnort'nnt branch of
tlieipnbVicsarvicri it' 'ittoneifr which eVdry bityi townv'ilfagO
andihhmlefciii.inte'r.stedj unti I feel confident tllatj under' 'all tho
circdmstferice'sjithttSerittto'Nvill 'see the pVripri6ty! Of pertiiitli'n'g
thpVov.iRioivro'bs appended to ibH hill. California' hohig'j'ust
abouHocomH?nlp!tho HnionVand an immense emigration' set
ting fin that direction U wurberiocessarv to create' facilities for
cohiuiilteu on Military Affairs jeppred. hack the pptition.of)ames
H.' Rogers of Texas praying compensation "for services in ihe
Florida war jn. 1836 and asked that the committee be disc'harg
ed.fr6lnits fhrthor consideration '
At the sanic time Mr. Burt reported a bill to provide for the
payment ot Volunteers culled into the' service of the United
Slates in Texas and New Mexico in the year 1846 ; which was
read twice by Us title referred to the Committed of-the Whole
on the state of tho Union and With the'repor't accompanying or-
derd to be printed'. .
On the 19th' ult'. the b)ll' for the relief of Messrs. Brown and
Tarboic was token up.
The. bill was read.' It. appropriates $804 84.;toba paid to
Browned Tarbox fop tempornry mail services on tle route Nq.
OjJ.49 in iheSt)te of. Texas droiriho 1st of July to the 23d of
October" 1847. .
$(i QryvyeJl called for the reading of the report ; which was
It appears from tho report made by Mr. Stanton of Kentucky
from the committee on the Post Office and Post .Roods that o
contract was entered into with the Post Office Department in the
year 1&47 by a Mr. Charles Morrow for the transportation of
the mail between Austin and La Grange" in Texas tho service
to commence On the first of July 1847. The contract not being
fulfilled by said Morrow and no arrangements to this end liov-
ingbeen mode by him tho postmaster ut Austin Samuel G. Hoy-
nio "wilh a view of preventing the serious interruption of mail
1 facilities whidh' must have ensued and in accordance with the
Usage in like circumstances employed (he memorialists to curry
'the "mail over said route and' advised the postmaster at the
1 other end of the route of the arrangement." The memorialists
regularly transported the mails over the route without failure
from the first of July tothe22d of Oqober 1847.. for which
they claim the compensation proposed by tho hl to be paid .
it being at the rate ogreed upon by memorialists and the ppstnias-
te.r at Austin and the rate prescribed in the contract with Mor-
row. The department declined to compensate the memorialists
on tho ground that the contractor Morrow had been allowed
and paid for this service for the soma period iln's payment hav-
ing been made upon a certificate of performance by. saicl Morrow
given by the postmaster at La Grange. That this certificate was
erroneousnsalsof mat tne service was perioimea ny me memonai-
istSjthe committee state they hrtva.iimpleovidence;"nnd (hey argue
that "meUovernmenM.uving naa me neneui oi iiib service inns
'rendered by the memorialists cannot in good faith withhold
'froi)i them a reasonable compensation The payment ofuti amount
lo another clearly not entitled to it and under on erroneous re.
port of one of its own officers .does. no.t discharge the .Govern
1 men! from its liability to the raetnoiialjsls. They .therefore re-
port the bill . . .:
On .motion by Mr. Stanton qf Kentucky no ojyection being
made the bill was laid asid.j to bo reported to theHouse.: .
"f '" r--jj i - . - 1
Does riot everybody Know mai iucuuuiiry puuiiuiiuiuia uu in-
cendiary speeches are circulated uil over this broad land with
th6 iuteiitioiiof ihenihgthat class of population to insurrection?
Every reasonable man must see that it wduid have that effect Up-
on them. In what condition does this place one seftiou of this
Union V J have made up advances to the North ; 1 have made
no addresses to her leiirai in this controversy. I have asked no-
thing except from her pu'triotkm. Do these petitions represent
the leelnigs of 'tho North7 Do the representatives who consume
time in creating excitement and then taunt southern Senators
with replying to ilu'irsuciu:s do they reprcsentlhe feelings
of the North' I trust in. God that they do not. If they doj
what will be tio consequence' It is intended or ut least seems
to be intended to produce precisely what I have stated ; ondif
evil consequences follow wo cannot go back ahd relieve our-
selves from them' by looking at the good intention ot men who
have produced the misciilcL The effect of this course is to ap-
peal to the sluves which I have at home to rise nnd burn my
house and massacre mv wife and children. And ibis is bravery I
God deliver mo from such bravery. This is boldness I If this
be o conscientious discharge ol our duty to our God if thjs bo
manifesting a proper degree of nerve and bravery then have
I reflected and learned from others older than myself to but very
little purpose. I
Sir I will not proceed further. I hope J ptay to God that theso
things may cease I appeal to those who agitate them and if I
thought I could be heard among their constituents I would cojl
upon the freemen of the North to rise up and at once rebuke this
sectional feeling which must if it go on. end in making us the
bitterest of enemies. II sir upon my return from my seat I
find my house in ashes my wife and .children massacred though
I hove not much bravery none to boost of; 1 trust I hove
enough however always to conduct mysell properly with all
mankind I would feel that Ihod disgraced the liameof man if
1 did not consider the incendiary villain that hud stirred up such
mischief in my domestic circle as my enemy. Aud.i&l did not
as long as a drop of blood coursed m this good right arm treat
him as such 1 should consider sir 1 had degraded the form of
man. I ask in conclusion that this petition may be read.'
The Secretary read the petiiion as follows :
To th'BmSenate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congj'ess assembled.
We the undersigned citizens of the county of Ontario in the
State of New York in view of the provisions and compromises t
of the Constitution enjoining upon the people of the several "
Slates qf this Union an equality of burdens necessary to the
maintenance oi a central government would call ihe ultention
of Congress to the present inequality of the military system of
the Union. In the enrollment of the national militia a distinc-
ti n is made whereby a large class numbering more than three
millions of peopleare eutfrely exempted Irom enrollment and
nnljiory duty. This large class residing chiefly in the southern
States; the chief burden of the system and of the national de-
fence in case of insurrection and invasion is thrown upon the
northern Suites. In the cases of insurrection and invasion tho
whole power of the North may be called upon to defend the
South ; but we respectfully submit that in ..similar cascsnccnr-
ring at the North our reliance upon the aid of our southern
brethren must owing to the inequality to which we have refer-
redj be extremely limited if not utterly vain. We respectfully
insists that all the buYdeus and obligations of the people of the
several States ought to bo in all respects equal and mivtuil.
We the undersigned therefore respectfully but earnestly ask
and insist that your honorable body will immediately remedy
this inequality by the passage of.a law lor the enrollment ol the
militia ofall the States which shall include nil classes of 'persons
without any distinction of color or condition ; and your petiton-
slihavafoxdmined thb'laW!of t83GtH& tavrnhder which' 'tVre
Post Office nopnrtmenf. was established. At that ! "t'ftrife We'Hatl
n&w'iipwards of seventeen 7thbusunuf sffhisM mount viU&cIh
' ' ' Gen' Rusk's Remarks
In the Senate of the United .States April 10 1850 on
tub-Subject op iNdENbunv Petitions.'
Mr. PgJaidoiit : I raise 'a question Upon the reception of thuf!
.. t r..t .1... i r .-i.j! .. -.: i ... I t .u l
peilliou. x iuei ueierreu iioiii iiuumg u amyiu woiu i mociu-
quoutmanly and patriotic remarks which have fallen a few min
utes ago irom.iw: uononniiUQUuaiu.r iryiitveAHiivuy. j. miiiji)m v
that these remarks will travel to the differept porjjpiis of tin's
country as well as other remarks ho hus made upon this excit-
ing question antUha coming from an individual wholias served
tbe-countr.y long and faithfully who Jias now arrived nt "that:
stuge 'when jus ambition must pnly. be to depart. in. peace and
see his country restored to quiet and happiness will hove great
weight and effect 1 cannot belieyo 1; hayq;refuseij to express
thiiiielief -tlitit there is a mrijority in tho free Slates of this JJjh
ion that couulenance the incendiary measures w.jth which we
are constantly annnyep out wnicu can nave rm otppr fjueponi
the-fuce'of- the earlh than tb alienate one section of the country
:fr'om thO'bther and to maVo us enemies instead ot triends.
j Why sir the day Dotoro yi
iriimyj'hand .was presented j;j
I"' -.---- - -
to enroll the slaves of the
K Col Howard's Propositions
On the 6th vof April our representative in Congress from the
second disiiict gave notice of an amendment which he in-
tended to offer to the bill of Mr. McClernand viz :
Be it further enacted That incase the State of Texos'docs
not accept the provisions of this bill and ratify the southern;
boundary of New Mexico as by this bill estublihsed.then il.etei
ritorial government shall not be organized on i be east bunk' of
the Rio Grande or embrace ririy portion of said territory east of
that river ; and all recognition of the boundary of New Mexico
east of suid river in this bill coutuiued shall be null and of not
Be it further enacted Thot if the Slate of Texas shall nc'
'cept the provisions of this bill according to the terms thereof 'it"
i? oKieuy uuuuiruu inai me present laws ot said stale in loijiliori
to slavery shall be and remain in force in all the country east of
the Rio Grimde in said territory embraced north of thirty-four-degree
of north latitude .and south of degree forty-two until said
territory is admitted into (he Union as a. State.
Be it further enacted Thut if the" Stale of Texas shall ac-
cept the provisions of this bill utuJ transfer her right to said ter-
ritory os hereby coniomptated the Government of the United-
States shall as. soon as practicable and within period (re-
move the Indian tribes within the limits of suid Slate norih of
said thirty-tqiirth degree of latitude; und that portion of said
territory east of the ancient line of New Mexico shall be rind
remain an Indian tcrritOry'for .the use and occupation of saidf
Indians. . ; . . . A
In explnniitjori Pfi.the foregoing proposed amendmenti GoW
Hqward has. addressed oiletterUotheeditor of the Houston Tele-
graph which we;.copy as followsi:. - villo
: . . ' Washington' April 5 lfciSO.''-1'
Ip Rrder to prevent misunderstanding nmbng my fronds of tho1
positiaij.lakeniby.nie.iprelntion tAihe.biU of Mr..McGleru'audloi
Illinois.. I wish to explain 11?. prp.vipqiis.80 fqr us. they relatej-.tQ.
Texas. "; ' t ' ; " ("
' 1?h'e bill provides for the orgonizn'tioil of a Territorial down-"
merit for New Mexico. It further provided thot if Texas shfirf
release. her claim to nil that portioirof territory nonh of the 34lh
degree.of latitude. fro;ri ihe Rio Grnudeo j'ho intersection ofi
n n4n .tiu it inriu . iii "..
" I i ; m iUuV Vrm.lW mngit;ide ttien she is to je
9iveSlp0f)00p(). .This pctiQallvlilesthe southern haund-1
.recognizes -i hod
nvtv rt fl...r IT...m. ri.l
esieraav me pciiuou wuicij. l inuu 17 ".-f.T'Viv - vvtj.v'U.'ur!. 9.expressi3
nid "dbhhtless'huudyeds 'of .others P0nl'0.''ti'tp 1 ArWl.flUlJni lersl'ibriiii!
'thefCongres'bp the'U hited'States: rew Jiiexjcp nna w uch extends.ncross on tho.
" ni-! .-f. 4n.AilliitmM('lilKi!nlrI7nU:U..V 'ITIln"'!. '..'". '1 V r.'-"' '
- ALi k-b o - m4m(ii a - i idi iu ti (til iifiinn ..
siuvu vjiuitaiii mo ujiiiuu. yyeii on .... - ja u ouuiiuuuui uenuu 01 Hie
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Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 40, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 25, 1850, newspaper, May 25, 1850; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80930/m1/4/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.