Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 47, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 13, 1850 Page: 1 of 8
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AUSTIN TEXAS SATURDAY JOLT-13; 1850.
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'' v ? i ' '!' " ipL.vW t tkI
THE TEXAS STATE;GAZETTE
' wf Is published on Saturdays
.-b . BY WILLIAM II. CUSHNEY
j . .muter or uic Laws or mo suuo oi. Texas.
' . ' ' '
SUBSCRIPTION. Four Dollar's pur Volume cl fifty-two numbers. Single
numbers Tun Cunts. In all cases payment in advance will be required oliStlb-
scribfi's living)Ut ol'the Comity ol Travis or the amount assumed by a respon-
sible resident ol'the City or Austin or the Agent. In this particular mere .will
be no respect oFpcrsons or deviation from our terms on any account wlia'tever."
ADVERTISING. Advertisements will be Inserted at One Dollar pjsrPQUi'l?
of seven lines or less for the first insertion and (illy cents ior euclijcotjlindunc
One-half these charge will be made.to those who advertise by ihe'yfcaVj.w'Hlmtic;
privilege ofehanging quarterly. '" ''. ' f ?'
Business Cards of not more than one fquare will be inserted'lbr ten dollars
pcr.vuuiiuiu. . . s' "w i V
Announcements 01 uanuiuaies ior- uince anu an poiuicai.persqrtai nno.'Du.si-
ness uqmmunicauonspromoiive oi lnmviuuai interests wiii.occnargeu as au-
vcriisements. . .. . ...?' '
All Advertisements the publication of which is required by'law' must 'be paid
for in advance
The twenty-second section of the law regulating fees of office' pro vite$ thajin
all cases where a citation or other process 'is-reauirfcil to be servecibv"THlblicalfbn
in a newspaper the officer whose duty it may be io make su'e'h servicelfall be
furnished with the primer's ice for such publication' bciore he shall b'e requited"
to have such service made. ..-
The first section ol the act of.February 5 1841 regulating the sale of runaway
slaves provides also that where any slave. is coin milted to jail as a'rJmajWlja'
notice of the annrehension and commitment.. withfciifull descrimiortiifsuch slave'.
shall be published weekly in one ol'the papers at the Seat ofOtivernnttfii) foFlhu.l
space ol one mouth and printed copies lliereouunnslied tothe.Olerlc ottlie Uqun-
tyiCourt of the county where the'commllment shall have been made!
The third section ofthe net of February 8ih 1850 regulating F.STRAVS'
requires the CountClerks to cause a copy of all certificates of appraisement and
description ot an animal or animals esirayed in their respective counties .to b'e
forwarded to the Public Printer lbVihc State 'at the end of every three months
who shall publish tlie substance of the fcnrne;ihd. forward copy ol'the paper con-
taining it to the County Clerk to be filed and preserved in' his otlice lor tliein-
spection ol those inieiested; ior whi' publication or notice the printer shall re-
ceive from the-party estraying the sum of two dollar? to be collected from the
taker up by the County Clerk and paid to the order of such Prin'er.
To facilitate the computation ofour charges for advertising .one hundred words
or less may be considered as constituting a square. ; over one hundred and under
two hundred words two squares and so oii.
Advertisements not marked with the time for which they are to be published
will be continued until forbid aim charged accordingly.
Subscribers Advertisers and Agents may' remit money at our risk and expense.
All communications must be addressed to the Publisher post paid.
LIST OF AGENTS FOR THE STATE GAZETTE.
53 Agents will be allowed twenty percent on all moneys' received and paid
ct- by them for subscriptions and advertising. f
IX OTHER STATES.
Tho Administration and. our Indian Affairs.
YVq hrtvfj examined trie report of Mr Orltvndo Brown the
Cprnmissibner of Indian Affairs mndo to the President on the
measure for the
better control of tho Indians wilhfn our limits. We however
have.-foii nd nothing of this character. Mr. Brown is a Koiiluc
kian ; btitvlike the balance of Gen. Taylor's administration he is
lit result to
vjwiuiiiiMMuiim ui iiiuiuu Jumna uiiiui; in mu i iucjiu
30th p 'November last with the'hopo of finding in it
iT$ndiitipn. of some .specific prnctical.and liberal meas
any diOictittyTat nil citlasirAviieixrfierdst of; liis'pnftrcits
"sldqred..' Tlie Presjun't Couldiiot appoiht ajdriljiinr Texnlto
nil5?Of'tllfclrTWhnrl rrinrlrirui-nvleirM-? Tnt tttAiiVnA I - T.; -;r-.
visio7i having' been ?M
rtgehis to resi
V..B. Palmer New York Boston Philadelphia;
' H. Mi Lewis Stale of Alabama.
R'. Morris &-Co. Stale of Mississippi.
. . ' . v IN TEXAS. m
C. Erhard San Marcos.
.lames Nicholson Bastrop.
V. B. Coli'ee Loekhart.
W. Basel New Braunfels.
John It. King Seguin.
S. A. J. Haynie Webber's Prairie.
Ejw'd. Mall'ocli Gonzales. '
M. Johnson. Port Lavaca. ''
John Henry Brown lndianola.
Alexander Somervell &ai
W. L. Hunter Goliad. .
B F. Neal. Cornus Christi
James L. Trueheart San AnJnii
vv. J. jones ouiuiiiuus..
J. F. Crosby Brenhum. t '
J. B.'Robertson Independencci
11. It. Cattmell Washington.
M. K. Snell' Houston.
H. W. Raglin Anderson.
J. It. Henry Springfield.
George W. Glascoek Georgetown
C. M. Hubby duneron.
Thos. P. Collins Crockett.
John H7 Reagan Buffalo.
S. G. Newton Dallas.
John Welch Melton's P. O;
S. A. Venters. Alton. .
G. W. Barnelt A. Johnson McKIr.ney.
James in smith uuero.
P. IJ. Priilham Victoria. s
J. W. B. McFarlane Refugio.
'Peter Mnhony San Patricio.
'jit. Howard Brownville.
fA.G. Stakes Rio Grande City.
II. P. Bee Laredo.
uu&6hn Hofimaft Castroville
-Gco. F. Ilolcamp Fredericksburg.
)W. II. Crutehcr La Grange.
" M. M. Battle Richmond.
A. Underwood Columbia.
It. D. Johnson Galveston.
Hugh B. Boston Montgomer'.
Isaac McGary Iluntsville.
John H. Potts Leonaj t
W. F. Henderson Corslcana. '
John Lund Franklinlfc
S. W. Kfjllogg Wliceloclr.
Harvey Mitchell Boon'ville.
W-. W. Hill & W. A. King Caldwell
w. i. wtiggins Liberty.
John P. Kale Livingston.
A.E. MeClure Palestine. .
.A; P.. Sillivant.'Kaufnian.
James Bradlev Greenville. w
JJordan. Jordan's Saline.
I?" IJIft-11 'Ot J
V D.Fijch Sherma.n. '
H.'G' Hendricks Boriham. '
G. F. Lawton Clarksville.
S. H. McFfirlar.il Boston.
Jefferson Cooke Mt. Pleasant.
S. F. Moscly Jeirerson.
"John H. M'eNairy-Gilmer.
W. Pi Hill Marshall.
Thbs. J-Hays Tyler. f
Jas. It. Armstrong Henderson.
J. H. Anderson Carthage.
L..H. Aslferoft Shelbyville.L
W. P: Brittain ltusk. vf
Thomas C. Barrett Nslcogdochcs
O. M. Wheeler S.lp Augustine.
Austin & Clapp Sabineiown)
A. C. Caldwell. Marion. ' '.
M. Priest' Woodville... . .
Z. Wins. Eddy Jasper'. '
TlioM J. Booker Burkeiiille;
J. P. Pulsifer. Beauinont??!
C. T. HilliArd Hillia'rd'P: 0.
Rey. John Haynie Rutersvllle
Gto. Burkhan Matagorda.
Eli Mercer Egypt. .
Edw'd Purcell Brazoria.
N. H. Munser San .Felipe.
D. M Preiidergast Sptingfield
THE LAW ON NEWSPAPERS.
1. Subscribers who do not give express notice to the contrary are considered
as wishing lo continue'tlicir Subscription. " f
Q If Subscriber order the iliseontintianee of their papers; the Publisher may
continue to send them until all that is due be paid.
3 If Subscribers neglect or refuse to take their papers from the office to which
they are directed they arc held responsible until they have settled then bill and
order their papers discontinued. . .
4 If Subscribers remove to other places without informing the Publisher
and the paper is sent lo the former direction liny are held responsible.
6 The courts have decided that refusing to take a paper or periodical froni.
the office or removing and leaving it uncalled for is prima facie evidence of Iraud.
Also that where a Subscriber to a periodical failed to notify the Publisher to
diseontlnueJhe paper at the end of the time for which he subscribed or pay. up
the arrearages fie was bound lor another year t
And also that where a Post Masler failed to notify the Publishers of ewspa-
pcrs that their papers were not taken from tho post office he rendered himself
liable for the amount of subscription
The Postmaster General has decided that when a Postmaster is agent or
chooses temporarily to act as on agent for a publisher he has power lo frank
letters forwarding subscriptions lo such publishers. The language W the Post-master-General
is explicit on the point that the power of franking all subscription
letters is given lo the Postmasters with the mere understanding that in doing so
he is acting as the agent of the publisher and not as the agent of the Department.
He lunher states that the fact of a postmaster Iranking letters to a publisher will
be regarded by the epartment as a presumption that he is agenffor the publisher.
BOOK ANB JOBS MtlN'JPIN
Of every Description
Done iri tho host manner at short notice and upon tho most reasonable term
: ' ' . At thoi Texas State Gazette Officii". " ; ;' ! VJ'
'cither fearful of tho responsibility of saying a goot
Teas.or he is at bdarl opposed to anything that mig
her-advantage.. We cannot think'that he is ignorant of the evils
votir frontiers have siiflered'sincethe has been in office; for they
havebeen' forced; u poll his n'Otico through too many channels'
eiiiiuuu u me. jngncsi. urcuii.; yy-iiiij iji;gi5iuiuM;kiuu v-juvu-iiiim
special rriesscjigors and tie petitions of tlie people themselves
all 'however without avail. The Taylor administration in all
its branches bureatlsahd officesj fro.n tho greatest to the least
is thoroughly anti-Texas The subordinates consult the preju-
dices of tht'ir chief andbecqme tlie instruments through which
he executes his .malicious and r. cruel designs against tlie lives
fpropprtyi- and pence of our peo'pUv TJiis report of the Commis-
sioner luriiisheSibi'it tSo'mucli evidence of this deplorable fact.
'Oitr space will n"ot allow. us however to go itUc a Aill review
of the many objectionable .features in the policy recommended
by the Commissioner. ' AVerm- ;efei but to two or three poinls
of peculiar interest to tlie people of this Stale.
It is notorious that the General Government in total disregard
ofspleiriji treaty stipulations with Mexico and tlio late' Republic
of Texasjvas well as of other obligations no less imperative liave
for years permitted 'without notice or restraint large'bndies of
northern Indians settled upon the western borders of Missouri
and Arkansas to. emigrate southward and take up their tempo-
rary or permanent abode within" the. limits oPTexas to the great
annoyance and injury of her frontier inhabitants. These intru-
ding bauds are the Widhitas.'Tow-e-ash Keechies Caddoes An-
adarcoes Ionics Delawrtres .Shnwuees Bilovis Coshtittees
Creeks ' Cherokees fi6wrtiiees; Alabainas Uimtawas CAuopaws.'
TahookatokieV Seminoles Odages Chick'nsaws phoctaws Pof-
tayatornies Qttowas Pawnees MaWhas Arapahoes Cheyctines
and perhaps some others numbering ttliogether according lo the
best'authorities from seven to twelve thousand. These "Indians
are properly termed intruders because they have no right upon
the soil of "Texas and belong to other States and Territories.
They are for the most- part the. most warlike aiid formidable of
all our savage neighbors; and by their intercourse and traffic
with tlfe tribes properly belonging to Texas they stimulate and
encourage forays depredations and murder to au alarming ex-
tent.nll along our entire frontier. U is clearly the bouuden duty
of the General Government to remove these Indians from our
limits. ' Co. Medill the predecessor of Mr. Brown in submit-
ting to the Secretary Ofthe Interior a communication from Capt.
Gallelt ori this subject 'says ?c measures ought promptly to be
adqp.ted lo drive dht of Texas ancl' send tr. their proper homes
willi their own' tr'ibes.on the frontier all the Indians referred-to
a nil puf'ji .stop to the traffic in question and both ouglft to" be
done" for reasons afiedliilglho .welfare of ''themselves mid the
' r ' v - . j i . '-!
tribes to which 'they belong whether their residence jn Texas
atld trade there" arc attended wjtli such sei;ioti's results as those
spoken ofor.rot."V.. " ''
Bttt.Mi.Browh' the Tavlor Commissioner of Indian Affairs
proposes to reversa'ihc. policy of his predecessor ; for instead of
urging the. T.cmoval of the intruding tribes hef actually recom-
mends "that the Smaller tribes scattered along the. frontier. above
tho'Delawarcs and Kjckapoo? embracitig the Sacsaud Foxps of
1lissburi:tlie Iowas.flho Omahas the Otloes and 'Missourias ihe
Ponc'aSj.nnd'if; possible the Pawnees. sl(oull L be moved down
among the tribes ofithb southern colonif'-ibus concentrating
them within 'convenient striking distance of the Red Kiver set-
tloments upon which atany momeiit tjiey m.ight precipitate
themselves and. cary death and'desolaiion jn- their path But
is not this iri perfect keeping with Vdylorisrnf as manifested in
every act of th'e .td.ininistration-tqwards Texnsl' " ).-'
. Yet Uis is not'aH! . TJi'e Commissioner suys J. hee'nt1fo want
on 'the part of the.' Mne'ral Giiverlirnont of pi' jnrisdtc-
tioit or control over the country "occupied "by them (the In-'
dians of Texas) and from a proper supply of-local agents to aid
in the management of our Indian affairs h that State not having
bpeq authorised" "this Department should. n.bt beield 'accoun-
table for any .disturbances-or difficulties that may -occur unless
new and more effective arrangements" he soon made;" And also
lhat "until" a .suitable number and description of agents shall
have been authorised for them the Department should not be
held at all responsible for tho proper and efficient management of
our Indian affairs in Texas."
These statements of h..CQrnmis$ioner would probablyin some
degree excuse him' for the uirer inpttention which ho has given
to otirlndian matters did we ndtsqe frOm his report that tho au-
thority to appoint agents which ho could not find when its exer-
cise might boa benefit to Texas was very readily and without
v n" .oyj u mujrMjuA2ommissioner says. ivo' pro-
ing been iMijtm.css for the appointment of Z
Jjl't'hrYtttilini1. fn' flint nfivrlnnti .ifntfiti- lX it.iiZZ'
of the fifth secijon;of'Hli1i acfof June 30 lSaiproi'ng'fortp
organization of.j.h 'Apartment of Intlian "Afiaifs'." Agafnhc"
says : A siminr cotirso had necessarily "lo Be' adopted' tliik'
year with reference tovtlic Indians in--NavvA1.exieo andfc Ca(ifp?-
nia ; no agents for tphighJiavijig- Men .provided by Congress 'f
the Departnientwa8.eitii6ry; witljoht tlieineans of obtaining Wm
information respecti'ig.prof mimaging our relations with .thoslp
Indians. Three subggenfoereJhcrcforetajjpointed') under the
same authority " the; abrfl lS--Arid likewise two agents
transferred from (heippeV-Mi$spui to; ' New' Mexico ' ajid Cali
fornia making in all seVei)ulige$fe appointed by tTie;Pfjfsi19
dent where "no provision I hac bpen niadeby'Congiess)" besides-
the transfer of two full agenciesv '"' -' fyjf'V'' il
Ye naturally aslc why h'is that Gen. Taylor could1 "apntf
nsfeiits for the Indians in Oregon Californiind " Ncy Mexic
where there was not one tithe of the'necessity-for tlieir-prcsence
when he could not do so for those m;Texas? There asprdcis'eiyv
the same authority in each case. If the law of 1&34 gave hiirr
power to appoint agents for Oregon 'Oaliforilia""and1"!STw Mex-
ico" it gave him power also to appoint thchV foi; Tdxti's1? Buf
is too plain to admit of doUbt. that Gen. Taylor' kM'h Gowf
missioner of Indian Affairs have made a distinction againsV "us
with a matured purposo of making us feel the full weightqt'Xlf1
the evils which" belong to savage warfare. They"hiive bebrjl ''wii
ling and prompt as wo lirtve seeti' to protect tile' Tnliaml'Snts
of other portions of the Union while we tho people5 oMexasT
are left to lake care of ourselves if 'we can. If we cannot '$v
must submit to be butchered our women and children carried"
into captivity and our properly destroyed while this anti-.Tvxasft.
administration look on with perfect indifference -if; .noMYithpos;?
itive delight. They can brjpg the northern Indians. down.-upditC
our borders but they vyTfrcTo nothing for our protection . ;-
mo uorucn liisqut. ; . 1(.
We are gratified tq learn as we do from the following iletje;
addressed by Col Stijnner of tho First Dragoons to Maj.fEaj
ton Commisaiy of Subsistence that the utility of the-meEtji
biscuit invented by our fellow citizenGail Borden Jr. of Gal-i
veston has been fully tested and that it is likely to come into ex
tensive use as a necessary article of army provisions. We thijilct
it dueto Mr. Bcirdn .that his.name.should be connected. with'tliisjf
useful inventionand therefore wo;prqppse that it hereafter tak&jk
the name of the Borden Biscuit.. -
' i?8F iLbavbnwoutii Mqy 14th 1850. '
Major I have the ft Meat Biscuit." and fitidat QlLaud".mora2
than the inventor thinks it is. ' " "' - "''" '" r
To satisfy myself I ImVe lived upon it entirely ' fjeVeraT1
consecuiiyo days' nnd felt no want of any other foodj aiid tyvan$
con vinccd.that I could live. Upon it for mouths and 'retaiVmyk
health and Strength. I drought that thonirli it m'wht Rimfnih
. . 1 "-' 73 --..-. WdWTV-
tan at a cost'of abot six. m) !sti pirilniJjtVI t cquld not uso-
itir ounce's a day made into soup.Viih nothin'r .added but n..
per and shit ; and moreover! found ;hat 1 could dispense entire-
ly with tea atldMfieej-Hv.hicliis.'agVeatadvaniage that has not1
betm enumerated. ""-' t . 1 i &
; Itrfny judgtneut this is'a.yery great disdqveryrand-must leifdUol
imporuini results i navejojig UlonglH't.hot the compression ofy
wuuiuun; hiuu into simmer compass was one of the most im
portantMhings.tbat remained tb lie disco vered'in this ae of
veutions. Think of a regiment of 500 mefi cufiin" loose from1
all magazines for two mouths with no-other lSa imin
than 50 or6U pack mules. ALfiv'o Ounces a'day foreach man
the Wei-ntKvttiJd be 0J75 IBs.jwhicli do mules couid'earry In
iniliiary(jrj?rationsffresh meat would'genertilly beVo'uiid. and puia
into the soup 'whiclwould make it more snltnnH!' : Jmu
men could subsist without it and it would not.be necessarvHfor
their health and vigor lo transport-ireari or a:iy other rations
I have no idea that it will be' used tpjhis extent for some time to .
cm n- Kreu u.unges mustqe gradually made but I am deci-
dedly ofopidion thtttve ought to commeffee introducing it into'
the aririy at once and I believe or activb Operations inrthefitid
lheadyantagSstior this food y be so apparent that it will 'co'mrj
into general use m-a few years.
i ininic it wui peneuor to nave it always puvorfzed and kept
in tin canisiersto hold about" 25 lbs. ' -
The inventor had bettor send mo n dbzon of ihRsh p.nriisftrb
before I rnarch6n the plains this sji.nmer--lshal. frequently
send outdetachhientson Ipiig exclirsions audit will bo a good
opportunity to put tllis-iliscovorvto a thorn.rh i ' tb "-'"
Pletisoend this letter toGeueral Gibson.aud will ydu ihtorhi
Mr Bordon of its purport. ;
Very respectfully yourobt. servt
E. V. SUMNER
Bvt. Col. 1st. Dragoons;
r. 1Arh'llI4ynn '('8 ljeen recognised by tho PresidertfB :''i; ''-4$' '
Consul of Great Britain for tho port of Galveston. HrTO? H ""'' -:
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Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 47, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 13, 1850, newspaper, July 13, 1850; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80937/m1/1/: accessed February 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.