Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 17, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 14, 1850 Page: 1 of 8
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AUSTIN TEXAS SATURDAY DECEMBER M 1850.
THE TEXAS ST ATE" GAZETTE
PUIIL1SIII3D UY W. II. CUSIINEY
SUBSCRIPTION. Four Dollars per Volume el filty-two numbers. Single
numbers Tun Cents. In all caMis p.tymeni in advanee will be required of Sub-
.seribiTS living out of the County ol 'Travis or tae amount assumed by a respon-
sible resident or the City of Austin or the Agent. In this particular there will
be no respect of persons or deviation from our terms on any account whatever.
ADVEllTISlNtj. xldvertisements will be inserted at One Dollar per square
of seven lines or lev for the first insertion and fifty cents (or each continuance.
One-half these charges will be made to iIiom: wlw ailveilise by the year with the
privilege of changing quarterly.
Business Cards of not more than one square will be inserted lor ten dollars
Announcements of Candidates for Office and all political personal and busi-
ness Communications promotive of individual interests- will be charged as Ad-
vertisements. All Advertisements the publication ol which is required by law must be paid
for in advance.
The twenty-second section of the law regulating fees of ofiice provides that in
all cases where a citation or other pioces- is required to be served by publication
in a newspaper the officer whose duty it may be 10 make .such service shall be
furnished with the printer's fee for such publication belore he shall be required
to have such service made. . r
The first section of the act ol February u ion reguiaung me raic 01 runawuj
ulaves provides also that where any stave is commiueu 10 jail as a runaway u
notice of the apprehension and commitment with a fulldescrintion of such slave
.shall be published weekly in one of the papers at the Scat of Government for the
Mince of one month and printed copies thereof furnished to the Cleric of the Coun-
... ... ri mn nonniv where the commitment shall have been made
The third section oftheaclof February 8th 1650 regulating ESTR AYS
requires the County Cleiks to cause a copy ol'alleertifieates of appraisement and
description of an animal or animals cstrayed in their respective counties to be
forwarded to the Public Printer for the Stale at the end of every three months
Who shall publish the substance of the same ind forward cony of the paper con-
taining it to the County Clerk to be filed and preserved in his olfice for the in-
spection ot those interested j lor which publication or notice the printer shall re-
ceive from the party estraying the sum of two dollar? to be collected from the
taker up by the County Clerk and paid to the order of such Prin'er.
m. foo.iitnin ttw. pninnutation of our cliarees for advertisinc one hundred words
or less may be considered as constituting a square ; over one hundred and under
two hundred words two squares and so on. ' .
Advertisements not marked with the time for which they are lo be published
will be continued until foibid ana chatged accordingly.
Subscribers Advertisers and Agents may remit money at our risk and expense.
All communications must be addressed to the Publisher postpaid.
l)tr& Ccgt0laturc-i)ir& Session
HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES.
Austin November 2S. 1S50.
Mr. Slcrnc submitted the petition ol James Grassland praying
fnr relief: referred to the committee on Private Land Claims.
Mr. Patrick submitted the petition of Rosa L. Williams pray-
iuo- for relief; referred to the committee on Private Land Unims.
Mr. Stewart introduced a bill to be entitled an net authorizing
the Comptroller to settle with the administrator of Joseph D.
Clements deceased; read first time.
Mr. Scott introduced a bill lobe entitled an act declaratory of
the intention ol the State of Texas relative to her Public Debt;
read fust time.
Mr. Crump introduced a bill for the relief of certain persons
therein named; read lirst time. ...
A hill to he entitled an act bolter to regulate the election ol
Judges of the Supreme Court
in the Senate with
the substitute of the select committee of tho Houm
The question being upon the adoption of the substitute propos-
ed by the select committee. Substitute adopted.
A bill to bo entitled an act amendatory of an net to create tho
county of Freestone from the Senate read third' time and
passed. . .
Mr. Runnels moved to suspend tho rule in order to take up the
bill to be entitled an act to amend the sixth section of an act con-
cerning slaves upon which the yeas and nays were called and
stood as follows:
Yeas-Messrs. Speaker Bogart Bryan Rurncy Charlton Clem-
ents Cochran Crump Dickson Franklin Hardeman ot iWog-
doches. Hardeman of Travis Hendricks Hunt Johnson .Towers
Lloyd Lou McKinucv Owen Patrick Polk Runnels Russell
Selman Shaw Shea Smith of Red River Speights Stapp Stew-
art. Taylor of Cass Taylor of Harrison Williams and Wrcn-35.
Nays Messrs. Reynolds arid Tarrant 2.
So the uile wus suspended; bill taken up read third time and
Senate's bill to be entitled act for the relief of Peter Gallaghar
and the legal-representatives of Archibald Fitzgerald and Tliomp
son Robuison ; read first time. .
Senate's bill for tho r.elief of John McLennan jr.; read first
A bill to bo entitjed.au act to authorize tho incentive uoaru
of Managers of the Masonic Institute at Marshall Harrison coun-
ty to confer degrees etc. ; read third time and passed.
A bill to bo entitled an act to amend an act entitled an act to
incorporate (he city of New Brntinfels; read third timeand passed.
A bill to be entitled an aclfor the relief of Zachnriah N. Wor-
rell ; read third time and passed.
A bill to be entitled an act for the relief ol James Chesher sen.;
read third time and passed. .
A bill to bo entitled an act to incorporate the Sholbyvillc Uni-
versity in the county of Shelby ; read third time and passed -fry
u constitutional majority yens 3G nays 3.
Mr. Stapp moved a suspension of the rule in order to take up
n.fcill to be entitled nn.net to provide for the final adjustment of
the Public Debt of the late Republic of Texas. Rule suspended
and bill taken up.
The question being upon tho adoption of fhenmendment of
Mr. Wigfall Mr. Wigfnll asked leave of the House to. withdraw
his amendment ; granted.
Mr. Stapp moved to postpone until to-morrow 11 o'clock a.
rn. ; carried.
Mr.Wigfallby leavo introduced thp- fpllowing' joint resolu
tions: reau urst ume.
membeis of this confederacy is not. the less attached to Unit
Union which it was the consecrated olfice of tho constitution
of the United States to establish and form.
Emerging herself so recently out of an impending conflict with
the General Government which must have been attended with
consequences the most disastrous to the whole country; feeling
most sensibly the incalculable blessings that Union has confer-
red on a free and enlightened people until the fell spirit of fanat-
icism and sectional legislation established their empire in the Halls
of Congress ; painfully anxious at the profound and exaspera-
ted spirit of discontent occasioned by the aggressive hostility ol
several of the non-slavoholding- States and some of the citizens
thereof on iho slave institutions of the South more especially so
intensely and portentiously manifested in the Slates of South
Carolina Georgia Alabama and Misssissippi in the second of
which a soveicign convention of her people is just about to meet
and the Legislatures of the other States are now in asssembly not
only to calculate the value of the Union but to discuss the expedien-
cy of dissolving it ; a calamity which has been brought on the
country not alone by the morbid state ot public sentiment not
alone by the unjust and aggressive legislation of Congress but by
the insulting discussion ol the abolition of slavery in the Terri-
tories of the United Slates on the reception ol incendiary peti-
tions on this subject as offensive in their character as they have
been wickedly dangerous in their tendency.
Tho people of Texas represented by their Legislatuie in Gen-
eral Assembly deeply sensible of the peril of the present crisis
approach with feelings of fraternal confidence and affection these
four States whose gallant sons had the collision taken place be-
tween herself and The general government were prepated to dye
her verdant prairies with their piecious blood and entreats them
to nause and wait the efficacy of some remedy less dangerous lo
the peace of the country and to the stability of the Union than
the secession of one or more of the States from the confederacy.
The Legislature of Texas cannot believe that all the remedies
to avert so dire a calamity have been exhausted. Whilst wo say
in the language of a deceased and lamented statesman " aggres-
sion must cease" yet we concur with him in the opinion he so
ably expressed- that there is a great and abiding power in the in-
strument itself for its ultimate conservation the power of amend-
ment. We therefore implore the States to whom wo have made this
appeal to consult a patience which is yet consistent with the
nicest sense of courage and honor and wait the issue of the
struggle now waging in the non-slaveholding States between the
zealous friends and vindictive enemies ot" the constitutional
rights of the South.
lu the meantime let this Legislature speaking for the people
of Texas solemnly instruct our delegation in Congress to pro
pose for the adoption ot the States the amendmentsppended in
the resolution hereunto annexed.
It has become undeniably manifest without some sort of Leg-
islative veto inherent in both branches of Congress in reference
to certain subjects of such vital consequence that the preserva-
tion of the Union depends on its restricted action. Such a Leg-
islative veto is indispensible to the protection of the interests of
the minority on all questions affecting the reserved rights of the
States and their domestic institutions ; witliont'.such protection it
reduces the States in a minority to a condition essentially colo-
nial. 'in the original draft of the constitution as it came from the
committee there was a provision to this offectwhich for the
peace and liberty of the country it is deeply lo be regretted was
stricken out which required a concurrence of two thirds ol both
branches of Congress to pass a law on certain subjects.
Ought an effort to4engrnft such an amendment on the consti-
tution now to be deemed hopeless 1 More especially as its ad-
option would give perpetuity to the Onion and an abiding har-
mony among the Stales. As patriots it behooves us to make zeal-
ous endeavors to accomplish results so inestimable and priceless
any petition having for its object the abolition of slavery rfmtho
States or Territories of the Union. . i
5. No amendment shall ever bo made to tho constitution on
the subject of sluvery except by the unanimous consent of all
G. The Government of tho United States shall hnvejho pow-
er to acquire Territory by conquest or purchase but Territory
so acquired sliall belong to all the States and not to tho Govern-
ment in its corporato or aggregato copacity. ' ' 'J
"7. No Slate formed out of Territory acquired' by the United
States except it pass through the condition of a Territorial Gov-
ernment for. at least threo years previous-to its application- for ad-
mission has a census of its population taken by the authority of
the Congress one year previous to application shall bo .admitted.
Austin November 29 1850.
Mr. Patrick introduced a bill to be entitled an net to require
the County Court of Brazos County to admit' to record the non-
cupative will ol John II. Jones deceased-; read lirst time.1
A bill to be entitled an act lor the relief of AVilliam P. Wychc
and the legal Representatives of Peter A. Duell from the Senate;
read second time and referred to tho committee on Private Land
Senate's bill to be entitled an act for the relief of William C.
Anderson ; read second time and referred to the committee oil
Private Land Claims. 'y '
A bill to be entitled an not- to provide for tho safe arid profit q
ble invcstmqnt of the school fund ; read second-time. 4
The main question being uponthe engrossment of the bill was
then put upon which tho yeuland nays wore called and stood
as follows: it? .
Yeas Messrs. Speaker Bogart Bryan Cochran Crump)
Fields Gillet Hardeman of Nacogdoches Hendricks Hunt
Lott McKinney Reynolds Russell Shaw Shea Smith of Reel
liiver Smith ol Shelby Sterne Stewart Tarrant and Williams
-22. - .. - v
Nays Messrs. Bumey Charlton Clementspickson.Frnnlcj
lin Holland Johnson Jowcrs Lloyd Owen Patrick PolkRun-
nels Scott Selman Speights Stapp Taylor of Cass Taylor oB
We therefore invoke all the' States however separated by
distance and diverse interests in that feeling of brotherly affec-
tion out of which the constitution and the Union owe their ori-
gin to consider calmly the amendments to the constitution which
we are about to propose.
If some of'them arc rejected we shall regard the fate of tho
Union as essentially in jeopardy and that a' majority in the con-
federacy has resolved to fix on the country "a government with-
out limitation of powers" consummated by the tyranny of an
This calamity has to a meat extent befallen the country. If
it should be remediless from the injustice of a majority in the
other Stales Texas will find no difficulty in taking a position in
entire conformity with the wisdom gallantry patriotism and love
of ficedom which belong to her people.
Be it resolved by the House of Hcpresentatives of the Leg-
islature of Texas That our Senators lui instructed and our
Representatives bo requested lo present Wh this preamble and
resolution the following proposed amendments lo the constitu-
tion of the United States which when adopted by thrco-fourths
of the States shall be taken and deemed as a part of the same:
1. All bills introduced into Congress in any degree whatsoever
affecting the reserved rights of the States the imposition.of taxes
direct or indirect the appropriation of the public money to clear-
ing out rivers haibors or bays or for the construction of national
roads; or for the donation of the public land shall only become a
law by a vote ol two thirds of each branch ot Congress.
2. The power to regulate commerce shall not be construed to
confer any power over the Slave Trade between the- States.
3. The power- to exercise exclusive legislation in the District
of Columbia shall not bo so construed-as to givo Congress the
power to abolish it in tho same.
4. Tho right of the pcop'.o peaceably to assemble 'to petition
tho Government for a re-lress of grievances shall not bo 60 con-
Harrison Wigfull and Wren 21.
So the bill was ordered to bo engrossed.
On motion of Mr. McKinncy.-the vote engrossing' the bill' for
the safe and profitable investment of the School Fund was' re-
considered. . i".
Mr. Stapp moved to strike out the fourth section. Cnrried.ir.
The question then being upon the engrossment-of the(bill tho
yeas and nays were called and stood ns follows:-Yeas lb Nays
17. So the bill was ordered to be engrossed.
A bill to be entitled an act to provide for the final adjustment
of the Public Debt of the late Republic of Texas being tfie
special oicler was taken up.
On motion of Mr. Fields the House adjourned until half
past nine o'clock to-morrow morning. "" i' 'w
Whereas The State of Texas although among tho youngest jstrued as to permit Congress to receive refer discuss or report on
rrii.n n.. ....-
The prospects of our State in an agricultural and commercial
point of view are doubtless brighter at the present time than they
have ever been before. The crops (if 'we except the cotton
which will not much exceed that of hist year) are abundant
wealth atl population are flowing to ourshores our commerce. is
increasing and the resources of our State in every department
being rapidly developed. A busy sceneof prosperous industry
is piesentcd to the eye. which must eventually terminate iti a.
glorious triumph of the Lone" Star State pver many darkening
difficulties. Like all new countries she has had many obstacles
to contend with from erroneous prejudices and the want of a
correct comprehension of her capabilities. The truth is .no
country at the present time not even the vaunted gold region of
Californiapresents so many inducements to the capitalist mer-
chant planter or ingenious artizan as Texas. Here is u wide
field and a uch and certain reward open to all not to be found
elsewhere; ready employment for tho one and adequate returns
for the other. This is already beginning to bo pretty 'well
known and felt abroad if we may judge from the great tide of
emigration now wafting on our-shores not.an impoverished one
who promise nothing but n-burthen to our community but. men
of capital and enterprise. Then with these favornbl
we have much to hope for tho future.
fcJT.A merchant of this city who is now. travelling tho cpun-
lies of the Upper Trinity writes that the crop qf cotton in those
counties may bo considered a fair uvernge one ; and a nmch
larger quantity of laud has been planted this year than ever be-
fore so the amount of the crop will be larger in proportion. On
the lower Trinity crop is a short one. All the planters there are
determined to wait for the rise of the river boforo sendingtomnr
Icet. They only commenced ginning their cotton early iiVthis
month and are not therefore" yet ready for market. Tlfot frost
in that section did. verjvlittle ipjury. Galveston News l$(h nil.
fjj5 The New York Evangelical Congregational Association
which met at Pouhkeepsio on the 8th ins. expressed their
views upon the Fugitive Slave law in this wise :
licsolncd That while wo recognize the obligation to ob.ey the
laws of the land we make an exception-it tho case of nil sueli
provisions as contravene the " higher laws' of God.
Yn7ui HMint tim nrlirtcn nil i-ri"e.tio -. tAiw?nr- .v
aid and comd
no law in the land forbidding it.
TO Dr. R. II. Thomas of Baltimore' in a communication to-
Dr. Hays of Philadelphia which is published in his Jounial of
Medical Sciences mentions the fact thai quinine mny be. depriv-
ed of its bitterness by combining it with tannic acid. Php nro-
portions which he suggests for neutralizing the bitterness is qui-
nino.ten grains to ttuinicncid one and n half grains -
tXi3 The "oldest inhabitant" can recollcctjtnorjeriodnt which
theemigiation (upon'ijio Upper Trinity 'wna 'cminl df vhjU it
has been for the last two months. IDallasl&crBffilvih . '
W)V.i.llllll.Ui mw ioiiui unvo Ol VJUU-
' That we advise all persons to render every needful
ifort to Fugitive Slaves just the same as iftncrorcrb
mump .! 'mm ni'infi i iir wif m.wu "'" "'" -
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Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 17, Ed. 1, Saturday, December 14, 1850, newspaper, December 14, 1850; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80960/m1/1/: accessed April 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.