Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 26, 1851 Page: 4 of 8
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" in nrirr if i
.' ". .dwwi rJ.f"' "yVsi!
U4M: 41 ' '
f ' ' t ' ' Mh
1' t li'
iX'fSi v."-- '''' "iW.
-f-iww i" Drin't rkh In debt hover mtMcl .Vcver rhiml"
tafll ? '. Ift4ie old clothes aro faded and torn; '' "
ViMotjWiin up makejhem dOJ it i hotter by far
jiia i iu uniu iu u&ii iyviuj ni
j'iv 'Who'll lbvo you tho more for tho sot oi
? Jvi? $Tko hap6' of ymr; vest.- oryouf-bodtB 6V oravVs
jhH&& ' IfflJy know youro In debt or rAe hw?i : :nrr r
'iritrittiinlllilebl.rtoniiritll - ' -;."' '
; . Jfev. r WVcar'bltio If you haVd not the cash. . ' ' ' '"
isaft(' -i '-f Orno "Blatter what ao you lot the world know '.
tAiukkv- (' u won't jun indent jorauasiii . j
u i'I ; J
' 'i 'ittit viThor.e " no oomforl I tell you in walking tho.fltrcot
J2S1' : irt flno clothes If ydu know ydu're ni debt
' &fJ&- WwfAhd fool thai perchance you idtria tradesmen' may n
W&tv : 1 1
4 w u
' Who will neor "They are not pawnor yet." .
Good friends let mo beg of you don't run in dobt:
If tho ehalts and tho sofus are old;
They will fit your back better than any now sot
Unless thfcv are baid fbr -With cold:
A&If the house is too siiitill draw the closer together'
t. Keep it' warm with a hearty good will; ' (-
Abiffone unpaldfor InaH kind of eRtlior.y.
AViil xftnl to vnur warm heart a chill.
I' f 1 ' '-J'.'
.q y 'Don't run In debtnow dca girls take a hint ; '"
JWH (If tho fushions have changed sinoo laiiiseasori) w-ji--vife-
OldNaturo is out in. tho very same tint . . .
V tB ' A nr Old Nntiiro wo think has some reason.
MWftA'juitiiy t0 y0ur frJond thntyoU'cannot'titrord
t's( -tvt' "To spend tlmo toltoep up with tho fashion; '
tviimryour purso is ioo iigim anu yuiu nuuunvu uugu
j To bo tarnished with auoh silly passiot). .
1 . i. . ... ... r -.' l. lj.Il.-i-
Uents. uon't run in ueDi 101 your iricnus u iuoy ran
Havo find houses feathoM and flowcra.;
..IfV C'B'fnless tney aro paiuior neinoro ot a man'i
-'dbml Than to envy their sunshiny hours. - ;
. '' XI ' If you've monoy to spare I liavo nothing to say:
if- 1WV Butmlnd you tho man Who his notd has to'pay" '' 5
run into debt any morp.
E j" "iwlil ail your wiiu a uuji iuii ui tuiiuw
v-'Jr'(sw 'To know that a neighbor may call at yoax'dobtf
-vy'ttO '"i.u'.Wttn a mil you wpn't seuio io-morraw
' ' '
ir4W'1 .i Js'tho man that is novdr at case
hi4$r!kfnd husbands don't
nr WTSlM'lTwIll All vnni- wifu'd nun full nf so'rrnw'.'
il.tako my advice it isgood; itis t'rup;ifj . ;
(Butilost vou may somo of you dpubt'it.) ' ..
nil U.t. iJ -aA. h. ...i. ui.;n.' ;! "'
JL I V11IDIICK 11 OUUIUl l)V! -t.'ft) . j""
IjIflflW tc -'Aa! rrini'tf and'Arnow aW
.nvr if Mi I ' '
fc'ifir JkJ Tho oliainpf a debtor is heavy and cold (
Its links all corrosion. and rus(
Gildit o'er as you will it is never of gold '
f6 ijMl iThbrf spurn it dsido'with disgust. "
i: ';'-.w! " TKomau who's-indebrls too often a slave I
v ..i' f Though his heart may bo honest nnd true;
. : 9-i
it I; -'
rnn1in ITntl tin liti ImnJ nnrl inrf fll1fU tinrl KrflVrt
Whcnanotoho canlt paybeoomea duet '"' "'
i For th& Tdxas State Gazette. ' '
tf.M.ESSR.b. 'Editors t P6rmit trio tlifoligh'tho colutnns of your "paper
fa correct nHvholty 'unfounded Btaterfttnt; made1 by Gol. T. W. Wnrdj
m'tlto ciroulafissUcd byhimas K candidate for Commissioner Of 'the
tit will bo recollected j that in'cdnsequence of cettain charges' against
ninv'a committee of the House of Representatives of i the second Leg-
islature was. orderedby a resolution of that body' to investigate the
ciflicial conduct of that gelitleman; who was then Comrrtissioiier ;' and
.IJtrtw mm Svtrtntittl 'onl fVt'tllta tnifnttmitinn n 'mnmrifw Af'itint- niivi.
mittooi (notwithstanding two-thirds of the committee were his 'per-'
Monalanu political-friends) reported hint guilty as charged and upoii
this -report the Legislature turned htm out of office. At the succeed-
ing session being tho third Legislature lie asked an appropriation of
some. two hundred and 'sixty odd dollars' alleging that he had settled
up and overpaid that amount iic; bill for his roliof went before the
Committee on Claims and (Accounts nnd a majority of the .Coinmit-
ijzG. r'pprtcil that there appeared to be a balance due him as claimed'
and' the biJ passqd in a manner I shall directly mention
1 Coli Wtrd .now says in his circular in reference to this bill : " Que
of the 'members of the Committee who reported against me in the
send'Xfegislaturo subsequently as Chairman of the Committee o.f
Claims &c. of Jho third Legislature recommended the .passage oi an
''.. . . . . " -.
c.t appropriating $2bo Uo as" a balance due me as. Commissioner ot
lie general Jjanu umce -n- . anu h anariy toau auversa
report does upon a fuller' and further in vestigatiou sustain me is it
qot cv.id.ence of error m tho first roport ?"
.tfut'lt. . Thy Col. W. iOuidjnake.such an assertion in the very
facefqf ilia journal is more thau I can conjecture He surely m.ust
rave forgotten orrho certainly wfluld npt haVejdone so. .
.iTt.yJllbO'found--hy rcfererCQ tp.page.CpC Journal tof. the House of
JLVepiiesentatiy.es second Legislature "where Jlie names will he found
appended tq the reportUhat those- who; reported against him consisted
tjf tho foilowing persons viz : v . . . t . .
" At Mcpfcih John M ' Meagaif. JZicfcard JV. Goo(fe Wm. Fields
qtt JfttiijM ATmtirong. .'.. '
' ' T.ho Committjtf on Claunsrand Accounts of the third Legislature
v.. who roiftetinn. favor of tho bill In question as will be seen by refer-
" "illcSTto tliojlpuse Joiitnalof that session page 11 cqn?isted of'
iftssr$MttIicqn.sIliis$e2l! Sheat Wren Whittles! Johnson atid
Tpdjcve Mt- McKinncij was subsequently added..
IVill be seen therefore that ftlr Millican Chairman of said Com
rpittcewho Reported .the nhove named bill was NOT one of those
Jvh;o. rportgd aganstObl. ward at the previous session nnd that Bin
fields tf$hYmcmjbcp of the third Jlcgislature who had joined
iii tiie report against Col Ward at the previous session was not
V$n'a mcffipcr of the Committee on Claims and Accounts of the
v "Tljip Col'. .(Junjts q&prctended to .think.i that the passage of the bill
exonerated him from all the censure qf the previous session when he
was turned out of pflice. Not bo. The ropoH against him was not
huh no AVtwneiamterj out-uwc naiirtdOn severaioccasions impro-
perly.ipaidout money to persons not entitled to it for pretended servi-
ce; never; rendered of not making a proper showing us to disburse-
rueawef morteys drawn by him for the use of tho Land Office and of
' ohwguigiUBlRNVful fees. X refer Uhj reader to tho rdport of tho Com-
5nHl;?jwg6 645 HduBe Journal." . . -
. ' Theee things were'proyen by witnesses upon oath and by the re-
pfJ of)M public offices and still stand in judgment against him.
His boast of the passage of tho bill would do him but little credit if
th manoeuvre and the hair-breatlth cscaiw by winch it got through
werq generally knaWn. Tho wrjtcr of this Was present and witness-
dthe scene. Mr. Fields of Liborty who as I have remarked wns
Xhe.pnly member of that session that had reported against him at the
previous one took a decided stand against she passage of tho bill on
.thQ ground that Col.Wurd Vhilo Commission; improperly paidout
a.bonf.tho sam amount to Moorehouse who hud b4n a clerk in tho
':W'U 1VMWV fVl. hiiwi ..i.w J'lW'WI MIIH i'iUUl fUUUJ HRU HCVOr TCU
result wds a tie. 21 to 21 which Would liavo killed the bill but before
iho' result Was announced Mr. Winfield a friend of Col. Ward's who
fuuf been Rooking ovfcr the cterk'6 count nnd first discovered the tie
s'teoricd away to a cood natured old centleman who had Voted in tho
negative and. got him to change his vote and thus carried it through.
Tbd gentleman who changed his Vote; did so doubtless without
taking time to rcilcct nnd supposing that a reconsideration coma oe
had if necessary and the bill still defeated if deemed 'proper upon fur-
ther investigation. A reconsideration coedd not be had hovever lor
wjth this changed vote thrown back on a motion to rcconsidpr there
W.oud still have been a tie.
Thus tfiis measure cot throuirh. Is it anv thintr to brnir of? If
there had been the amount appropriated by the bill justly due Col.
Ward nobody would have voted against his. bill. Thp Legislature
does not refuse to allow honest claims against the. Sta'e. It does
seem to mp that the amount shown to have been improperly paid out
by Col. Wind while Commissioner should have been refunded. It
will be seen by examining tho journal thai Mr. MilliciiU Chairman
qf the Committee on Claims and Accounts did not Vote for thfr bill him
self on'its final passage. Ho reported it by instruction of the Coim
mittco but could not vote for it. Ho was a member of the second
Legislature aud know all about tho charges agai .st Ward. Mr. Wren
the only-other member .of the Committee who was ill the second Leg-
islature when Ward's conduct wns examined into also voted against
the (bill. I.ask. every reader to go to the Secretary of State's office
and examine tho journals for himself J U STICK
Abolitionists North aud South.
The Democratic Review for June has another of its characteristic
onslaughts upon abolition From it woquqte the following sentences
belieyjug' with the writer that " tho South should know just how the
mutter stands :
'" We do not speak unadvisedly when we say that the slave ques-
tion so far from being put at rest is daily .becoming mote the topic of
disciissiou at the North and in exactly those quarters whence the
greatest mischief will arise. Those; who tell u that the " abolition-
ists" nre but a feeble and insignificant body of fanatics whose num-
bers are stationary if not decreasing premeditate deception They
know the contrary and are in truth tho very ones who intend to pro-
fil'by their grow(th of numbers. We may be accused of wishing to
re-open ttie dispute which it is imagined Congresshas allayed. Would
that it rested with ug. It does not; nor with any one man nor ten
Yh'ousaiid.' The South should know just how the matter stands. It
is treachery to our Southern .friends and a crime against truth and
"flic "Republic to conceal what can be guarded against only by being
Some of the doings of tho abojitionists are thus boldly set fprth :
' These friend? qf the slave as they are termed liavo organized them-
selves into a band of negro-thcives! and all the North well knows.
Uiis.'aud other facts of which wo speak They have established " Vi-
gifance Committees" in every large town and city whose duty it is
instantly tq notjfy each other of the arrival of si Southerner with his
servants across the imaginary line of freedom. They have also im-
posed upon these Committees the cheerful duty of dogging the foot-
steps of both masters and servants while they remain in order to seize
the most favprable opportunity to hurry the slave by fraud or force
with his free 'will or without it from )m qwner's hands. They have
raised a permanent fund to support lecturers and other agents at tho
North and West and these are .constantly employed by stipulation
and of ready will in vilifying the South and jts public men ; and still
farther in slandering every lover of truth and justice who has the
couraffe to oxnose their falsehoods ! Thev have 6ent emissaries white
and black into the border States secretly to entioe slaves to eaeapc
and to aid them. with advice and weapons iOf defence!
They have published masses of incendiary lithographs wood-cuts
and illustrated pamphlets and distributed them by stealth to slaves
a'foog the whole course of the Ohio and Mississippi and in;all the
Atlantic ports and inland wherever the opportunity of travel has oc
curred ! Jhoy have put themselves into c(oso communication with
the black servants of Northern hotels in tho cities and watering pla-
ces eo that their surveillaiice over the movements of Southerners is
complete I They have by these and numberless other methods in the
last twenty years lost many thousand slaves to the Southern planters
aud by thus exasperating thenv arrayed one portion of the Republic
against .another ! $hey have. striven to carry this ill-blqod into poli-
tics .arid in part succeeded I They raised a storm which was like to
have overwhelmed the country with desolation. And now when a
wise law is instituted to wall up onesQurce of danger they have arm-
ed thd more ignorant and brutish portion of the native and runaway
negroes and "encouraged and impelled them to resist the execution of
that law even to blood ! Aud within a few wcekp in a large and op
ulent aud enlightened city have raised a mob of these human brutes
and violated the sanctity of a court of justice ! not municipal or pro-
vincial but a court called and h$ld under the supreme authority of the
Tiic Revieiver rebukes with unsparing severity and truthfulness
tlie timidity which hits prevented Northern conservatives from doing
their .duty in putting down the enemies of the. South- the Constitution
and the Union ' ' This ignoble cowardice of. ours" says he " is one
grand .cause of Southern irritation" He calls upon this class most
loudly to come to the rescue and crush the fanatics otherwise it is
asserted that " twenty years longer will more than suffice for their
work of desolation"
4rqiLajnoiuiiaifiecvice'io.ue btatenndiho-Waaof opinion ho said
Memphis aDd Charleston Railroad
A meeting of the citizens pf Charleston was lielcf on the l$thult.
to hear the report of the President and Directors of tho Memphis and
Charleston Railroad Company in relation to the .action of the city
Council of Augusta on thq subject of allowing.the South Carolina
Railroad Company to cross the Savannah river. TJio following reso-
lutions were passed uuunimously ;
Jletolvttl That tho city counoil of Charleston be requested immediately to sub-
scriho S25000(Ho the stock of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad Com-
pany to bo paid at such titno arid in such manner as they shall see fit to ar-
range with said Company
Jleiolvtd) TJiat a Comu:ittoo of twenty-five citizens ho appointed in behalf
of the meeting to memorialize and. confer with' the city Council on this subject.
Tho price of United States sjx; per cent stocks is 1G which af-
fords to tiiq purchaser a rate of about five and one-sixth per cent in-
terest. But then as the debt is redeemable at par in sixteen years it
reduces the ratp to about four pe cent. British consols which pay
three per qent aro worth about ninety-two ; and since the period of
redemption js remote and uncertain it is not taken into tho account.
Hence tho rnte pf interest thoyaflbrd to the. holder is about three aud
one-quarter rier cent. enco British credit stands about twenty por
cent higher than American.
Out at Last.
John Vnu Buren acknowledges he went to Buffalo not to join the
Freesoil party but to defeat Gen. Cass. State Journal.
Exactly so. Daddy was under tho load of hny. Dayton Empire.
O'Brien aud Menirliflr.
A letter from Van Dieman's Land states that Smith 0'Brin lm
tecp'mo; tutor 'to a gentleman'.a .fam'ilyn ' the colony and thatMr..
-lueaffneris ntipiu to vary the monotonv bf ..' nonv I fa Vhuffni
ViV. V -i"iir ' -tnfa'J-n'': i-K7' '"' .'; !'-"?
' Tbi Next Frcsiacstial CakVafes.
k'l:hQSt.ts.Jntclligenccr;(wg) in an article on the subject of
he next Presidency speaking of thp influence of tho Free Soil patty
The two great parties (the whig'and democratic) will soon begin
to survey llio gruuuu uiuy uuuuyy- . "" ""- ""vw "" "ui-
nish their arms fot' tho approaching Conflict. The first interesting sub-
ject of ihquiry with each of them will relate to the probability of
divisions in their oVn ranks. Sinco tho last Presidential election the
slavery excitement rcrtdheditS crisis. To somo exent it lias originii-
ted and given a tangible form to a third party Which has drawn its
strength 'from the other twq. There is now a distinct active w'ell
organized and efficient Free. Soil or as we would term it Abolition
party which recognizes no allegiance to either of tho other parties
has its own leaders has adopted its own platform and professes to be
governed by a law higher than the Constitution
"In our opinion this is by far tho most dangerous party ever organ-
ized in the United States. It is dangerous 1st because it is led by
unscrupulous demagouges and political tricksters with much more
sense than honesty and whose solo object in the movement is their
own personnl advancement. 2d because it originated in a feeling
nearly akin tq religious bigotry and is marked by a rabid fanaticism;;
which is deaf to all appeals of patriotism and of common sense and
is blind to all the cousequences of their extraordinary folly. You may
reason with a rash man or coax a stupiu one j pui iioiuicr reason per-
suasion or fear will avail with a deluded bigoted fanatic who com-
prehends but one idea and thinks the rest of the world' is made up of
fools knaves and lunatics. The abolitionists or as they are sometimes
politely termed fro-soilers are made up chiefly of this class of violent
unreasonable bigoted fanatics who Would see a white man die of star-
vation without the slightest remorse of conscience but would esteem
it a religious duty to relieve a black one under the same circumstances.
" The free-soil party therefore is a dangerous party and its tenden-
cy is to the grossest excesses and an utter contempt for the constitu-
tion nnd laws But how arid to what extent will this party affect
.the whig and democratic parties 1 In New York it wil affect each of
them seriously. A large body of whigs under tho load of the dema-
gogue Seward and perhaps an equally large body of democrats who
have enlisted under the banner of John Van Buren the Prince of Kin-
dorhook compose the free-soil party of that State. In Massachusetts
the democrats have been driving a bargain With the abolitionists and
haveelected their leader Sumner to the Senate of the United States.
How far the bargain extends is not exactly known ; but i is mor6
than probable tht the free-soilers are under bonds to vote the 'demo-
cratic ticket at the Presidential election as the price which the demo-
crats are to receive for voting for Sumner. In Ohio the abolitionists
probably hold the balance of pWer. In Michigan also they are de-
cidedly formidable and there is a " right smart sprinkle " of them in
Indiana Illinois and Iowa. In Vermont Connecticut New Hamp-
shire Rhode Island and Pennsylvania they amount to a most formid-
able array. '
" This free-soil abolition ' woolyhead" party will doubtless rally
under its own leaders at the Presidential election ; and we sincerely
hope they will be driven to this position. Wo wish to see them stand
out distinctly and boldly on their own platform and not any longer
play the game Of " hide and seek" with the other parties. Let them
emphatically lay aside the name of whigs and democrats and stand up
before the world with the term " ttbolitionist " distinctly emblazoned
on their foreheads. The'u"we wi'lfkriow where to find them. But as
mattersnow are we find them coquetting with the whigs to-day and
driving bargains with the democrats to-morrow always like Hessians
fighting1 for the side that pays best. Until the abolitionists shall be
repudiatediand cut off from all fellowship' with the other two parties
it will be impossible to calculate With any certainty the' strength ot
either. If our whig friends at the North expect to accomplish any
ttsefnl results at the next Presidential election they may redt assured
nothing is to be gained by courting the abolitionists. Denounce them
as they deserve to be and drive them clearly and distinctly to their
separate party organization. A healthful body is rtever impaired by
cutting off a fungous excrescence." I '
The New York Journal of Commerce cautions the community
against running into over-banking nnd excessive indebtedness. It thinks
the tendencies of the times nre in that direction. After alluding to
the multiplication of Banks over the country and the enormous in-
vestments made or indebtedness incurrdd on account of the construc-
tion of railroads and after pointing to thov South' Sea Bubble as an hr-
8truotive warning to all times the Journal administers the following
wholesomo admonition and advice : '
" Wo aro getting too many Banks. People are living too fast and
spending too freely. They are building too many houses too many
railroads and making too many engagements in various ways. We
know it is unpopular to say sp though we hope not to be laughed at
out-rightas they were who ventured to question the soundness of tho
oxhuberent prosperity which appeared to be enjoyed during the ex-
pansion of Law's Bubble. Let us not be misunderstood. The .ele--monts
of prosperity in this country are very great. If we do not
abusq them we shall be trulv prosperous. Our danger consists in
over-action. We are. traveling in that direction now. The bubble is
gradually swelling. What has occutred thus far can be borne With-
out any great disaster if we now hold up. But if We go on increas-
ing the State indebtedness in order to swell our securities for Bank Lsi
sues or multiplying those issues Avithout either capital or adequate
security; and if under the influence of this plethora property bf all
descriptions rises to ah Unnatural height and men run into all sorts of
extravagancies engagements and speculations as is the natural effect
of a redundant currency tho day of reckoning will come at hist as
surely ns it did in 1837 or in 1720 and the years immediately follow"-
foreigujcouutries 51174 ; unknown' principally natives of the United
k. .... -;. AtiHK :TJ 1 1 ; wriiakiii . j " i iv:.r vwsww"j.-"' ;ivy.4.io uy.'iuisiiibvi araipR. n? i ir i in oo io .. i.. rv. hr.r
wero uemanded.WthcuntolUmself tTwife lit the shape of Miss Bennett a facer's daughter .! of Germany and 13016 natives if Maud.
Chemical Freezing Agents. i.
In that hot-bed of wonders the chemist's labrndory great degrees of
cold are procurable by using highly volatile liquids for evaporation. A
man. may berozen to dentin it is sai'd in tho extremest heat pf'sumt
mer simply by keeping him constantly drenched with ether. By the '
assistance of liquid sulphuric acid water may be frozen in a r'ed-hol
(vessel. But that remarkable substance liquid carbonic acid takes the
highest rank of all known freezing agents. In drawin" it from the
powerful reservoirs in which it is necessarily kept it eVaporntes pt
rapidly a6 to freeze itself and is then a light porous mass like snow.
If a small quantity of this is drenched with ether the degree of cold
produced is even more intolerable to thq touch thap boiling water a
.drop or two of the mixture producing blisters just as if the skin had
been burned. Mr. Adams states tlmt in eight minutes he has frozen
in this way a mass or mercury weighing tea pounds. - ' ' . i
Tcmpcraaco in Eagland
Horace Greeley who is in attendance at the World's Fair' thinks
that the habit of drinking intoxicating liquors is more universal in
England than in this country. The aristocracy drink almost to a man
so do the middle classes so do the clerirv so do the women !
ft According tO Ci-St's Adnfrtixtr tlm nnnnlnrirm of riinxinimi;
is thus diyided : Natives of the United States. S5.4C8 : nativea of
is 61174 ; unknown' principally natives of the United
Of these 33158 are natives of Ohio 30G28rna.tfves
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Brewster, H. P. & Hampton, J. W. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 26, 1851, newspaper, July 26, 1851; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth80989/m1/4/: accessed June 30, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.