Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 23, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 24, 1852 Page: 2 of 8
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"51 'jP- j
r HE TEXAS -STATE GAZETTE.
K. P.' BREWSTER Editor:
-T. W. HAMPTON AsnSelaTo Editor.
-;l .- ?
Il!l r .a T rt. 4 n :
uiy oi Ausun January 24
. " ..--
riU3TCI101Ci:oF THE UF.HOORAOY Or TKXAS FOR-'MIESIDENT
$ T '
CHEN. SAM HOUSTON '
Subject to the decixioti of tlie' National Democratic Convention'".
ELECTORS FOR 'THE STATE AT LARGE
LeHC! I). Evans of Harrison. Guy AI iftyan 0 Brazoria.
DISTRICT ELECTORH I
Goergc W. Smyth of Jasper. Robert S. Neighbors; of Bexar.
'iWo surrender a large portion df our space to:day to tlie Opinion of
dieSuprcmc Court recently delivered in the case of Hancock vs. Mc-
Kinney. This is probably the most important Opinion ever delivered
by the Court as the principles decided are intimately blended with
Uio'ontlre landed 8ystem&fthe';State.
Iii view of its importance and" tho desire so generally manifested to
havo.it in an authentic and correct edition we will on Momjay print
a .pamphlet edition of the Opinion and furnish copies to oumrionds in
uy quantity they may desire.
The proposed Amendment t the Constitution.
In their action upon the proposed amendment of the Constitution so
as hereafter to permit banking in the State it is to be hoped that the
Legislature will be influenced by a scnsc'of public interest instead of
preconceived prejudices or any supposed connexion of this subject with
cithcrffof any existing party in the State. That the subject oLbank-
niflusat all involved in the principles of either party whig oFucmd-
crattagbs utterly unfounded although strong prejudices hnve
listctliagniiist banksfinicertain portions of the democratic part
Wo are renuestedto.say 'UiaWlj?'GircusC6mpauy of Mr! Latlt&p
&& " " "'' Ifjt '("Mult
will' be in thiseityuJuT ensuing week- niid.bpcifon Tuesday. the 3rd
Pobrufrow."This company and 'their performances h'ayVCcpn spoken
oi in tub highest terms by the papers of Galveston Houston and
Washington and we have no doubt those whotvisiUttheir circusvill
be much delighted. That t'hcytyilllrcc&ve a11iberalpdtronage"from
our citizens wo also have as little 'doubtty The company we under-
stand is under the management of Mr. Maltby.
;-.. . Thus far the present wmtcr has been the coldest and .most mole-
' raeutknown in this country t For the past threo wecksthcrehas
scarcely becii a iclaywiien a clonk or overcoat was not necessary to
render one comfortable from the' fireside. Within the time named we
have had three sleets sonio of which remained on the ground threo or"
four days. But while we have to lament that riide Winter has usurp
ed the reign oi perpetual spring witn wmctt we- nave neen blessed
has arisen mainly from the position of that party on the subject o'f;a
United States bankin a spirit of bitter but honest opposition to this
dangerous institution extending to every formln'modification of the
my ""Vtt t
principle an antagonism uudiscriminatitig andftnjust.
4N0 country can attain any high degree of prosperity or render avail-
abufits natural resources to their full capacity without the aid of arti-
ficiabfacilitics; among the most potent of which are those afforded by
a safe'and well regulated paper currency. Experience liasdemoustra-
ited the impossibility of transacting the business of cvcnrcspectable
commerce without its assistance without resort is liadVto ind ivid lial
brokerage with its attendant irapositions.extortion and irresponsibilty
a condition of things which is now inflicted upon the people of this
Bhitherto.with slight interruptions otir sufferings are mitigated some
?wlnitSmllobkin'rover our northern cxchauires. -iArNcw York. Bos-
' -; ill other points nortli of usTthecold has becn'mosrintdnsey1 Tlie ri-
vers have been blocked up with ico whercsuch a thing was never
kuown before and railroads have been " snowed under" so that for
days and weeks all means of intercommunication by steamboat and
railway has been entirely suspended. Much suffering has been .the;
" consequence and large iiunbdrs of cattle and of)icr" domestic aninjls''
have perished from tho cofd.- .Throughout tho entire extent of our7
continent this will bo marked asic coldYinter ' ." .
We assume it as .true that a people can always protect their inter-
est in matters of trade and commerce without the interferencefof leg-
islation and this right we think in all cases may be more'safely com-
mitted to their hands than' to that of any legislative body.
In onr condition there is no force in the stereotype objections to
banks that the holders of their bills are exposed to losses by the fail-
urc or mismanagement of tli'cse institutions; for in spite of all our en-
actments on the subject our State is flooded with the notes of other
States and a large amount of our circulatingimedium consists innotes
of banks of doubtful and unknown solvency rendered current by the'
indorsement of individuals of credit. Now this is a form of banking
the most'odiousjWarigcrous and unsafe (hat can be conceived expos-
ing us4oJall?lho contingencies of legitimate and lawful banking with-
out any of'its safeguards; and so long as the Constitutional inhibiton
js permitted to remain just so long will this evil continue-to be'iiiflict-
ed upon us for no enactments however stringent' can reach such
cases and as the demands of ttadc render it almost necessary those
engaged InMbwill risk the consequences. Instead of the notes of banks
authorized by the State'andtguarded in such manner as to protect its
National Democratic Convention.
The Cflitral Committee' appointed by the last Baltimore Conven-
tion liada meeting at Washington City on the 29th and aOth ultimo
!tr j - iJ 'lf .
and 1st instant; and nnaniinouslvjrecommetuled that the next Con veu-
tion for the nomination of PresidenUand Vice President be held no
Baltimore ouWTucsdny thd 1st day of .June. next. All the Statcti
were presently members of the committee except South Carolina
.and Gen. CommaridowUie member fromtthat State authorized tho
chairman to.cafijsjyk.Tlie'lIon. VohieyE. Howard represented
Texas. The committed' recommended that eaoli State send as many
delegates as they have Senators and Representatives .in Congress and
Siotmorc. r "'t
" Mfifii050 ie reccnt scsiP f tnc -District Court in Galveston
thernembers of the Bar and .other citizens gave Judge Buckley n
splendidbaiiquet at the Trcmont Ifouse as a testimonial of their p-
mrXM; "Wf . i.aP '
preciatiqnjf!his abilities and Avottjuas aJudgc. The compliment
was richly-merited in our opinion; for we have ever reearded Judire
Buckley as an!drnainent to our Bench and country. The following
encomium of tlie Tpiir?cU 'upon Judge B. is just and well-deserved:
'' V-' Ilisdegal ability.afid acumen decision discrimination good sound
sense dignified courtesy and manly independence stamp him as a mo-
debJudge an ornament to the Bench. He evidently appreciates tho
admirable ground-work for a perfect judicial system marked out foruer
iiijour statute? a system in 'which law and equity arc so beautifully
blended and has tho moral courage to discountenance every attempt
to engraft upq'n it the obsolete technicalities of common 'law special
pleadings aud'practiec. He isifotlong in discovering tho true merits
of n. cause and applying the proper'remedv. He shows a deference-
ior the popular wdl which lias'decidcdtliat wcis! have cheap and
active legal procedure adaptedHo'thc wants of the times lie ie
aware that an intelligent public closelv scrutinises those whom thov
nave piacen m inq responsiuie situation ot administering the law in it
purity and that the&will not be fooled by any mock reform or judi-
cial conventionalities?''. He does not 'selfishly cling to the technical for-
malities of a barbarous age unadapteU to our present wants or to the
genius o'f our institutions. .
" We need men in the profession like him to execute the laws ; and!
the time has arrived wlien'theyHife appreciated by a discerning public
who are not slow in promoting tliem to places of trust. Such men
are promoting their own interests when they are serving thoie of tho
public."- . ' -
- ThoSenatc's bill providing for the liquidatiou.and 'payment qfthe.
71uSi' ' -r ... '.i; .- .. .Ste ?hn .iiiSH Ak'V:."
' JtiVtrTXC .rt 1.in I? nni. Hi if. tF rl rtVnc 'lifia liifkn nrtfrrracnt itiJ.rflin l-lA11Cn
and orderedto athird readipg withispme slight amepdments. rhis
KilF'provides for tho unconditiprial payment of the1 second tplass $?
and 'such of tho first as is not protected by the proviso ; .it also 'pror
vides for the payment of the certificates of the third class' since re-'i
cognized as theecond class nnd amounts auditcdj'by legislative actf
AVllU'vUC excopiioii.oiBjinriy eigat iiiuii&iuiu. uiiu. nuy-uiruu uuiuira tor.
wh ph aniCthvasspaedun"favor ofr StuartTcrry in 1 M&. It-ffur-7
flier provides' that thoremaining dbbt of the. first class shall be paid
VllL'U 11IU VTUVUIIIUi.auuii uu uuum.u utut uiuugiiiumiy ui wii j-maa-
Jflfe li .. -T ... jy' '- .
ufyas been retiuired by law to issue to JLexasthe live mulipus pf
'sSockjVvithh.eid under tho provl8itfii:'brtIio;hcjdr9tli September. 1150
OttfhaTsald Scrotjiry has beerirequired by luw to Issue to- the S.tauj
oflToxas sumsof-sa)d 8tpcJtcqMitbjtUo surt"is"for wh1cKftiti said
'talQ may at any ttmp present 'tlie "required releases "from hV" of
' fa -jit i . - ;n"
JpsephjC. L-larriscn of JNacogdoches county X; J. Gl-W'.T.
E.j"B.?JSre.hols pf Houston; -;.. ; :.'. ' GrT."'".-
ArchibaldjSaiutliven.'ofXIoiis'ton.'f 'jjkr ''f' 'G'S.'V1-
These officers-wore iijstallqd.onijfesterdayanu entered upon" thesis!
(etiarge of tlicir dutie
-' Grand Mnsft'err.Syles made "the following appointments.: 'W ": ;I
' l James w; leneriu ; . iiputoii Dd! GviMl'Dilt:
Vi B. Sexton.. . M 'SmVAu'ir'usthie. D. Ilr'G.il.r '. i;
w -r'-: a -we pm v -'v.ci'r
- jrlivJ-J;1 '". t "fi
t i -"r:i vi . i .'.'. Tl I -Jt:. .-?. . t t -. - '. . i "J' '
jonn jjriiv.i;uN' . ym . iiiesiuiie" u. ut-x.
Ml- 4th.l'' -U
T- TV i r-t .. - -j
U U. lx'IVi;OthV;
i .. jm
I flE. HUE. i M .. .
HP " ' - We' underatand Uiat it is-proposed to maltosoma changest.inNthiS
I: JK v-rlr -'lrUi'LTH"rT"i. - ' WiT r&'&i-WiYL
SKt HHP V t" 'J . .Ti-Wl- ITTI'ik.--.! .-l.:I. .-... .--. ..UU.U.J .!... 1 -. Jl T .1 1LI. T
: 'l -" : tthwsctiott cc vuunev. 'wiiiuu iiiuny biipijuwu luinyu uceu acuuowieuireuf l
1 .iFL ' - iNrWM a- wt' US tWdC MiflO"''0. t9' cash pripe" Cjt
I 'jib' ' "w-SSdr tlic'lesels furnisn;a;by;Picdeneyawson was 36000; in-'"
I Wm ' '" HHKmS of .$2156000 as auditjedlM-ieoritiromatferyd think
j. i.H- lIMqlearly correcU and iippc tlie Lcgislaturo.vyj!.l not.proyeaiuinginia'
I ' K illtpgness todo'these parties antplc justiqo'. - v'v"1 -l v
I 9k mNLSHEroln all parts'of the StatcfTrQiU which tidjnW.Jiftvjenfchcd!usa
If B'' JWaHroSpon?9comc3up pf thejmostdrdia! and. vPUthusiasc 'po;alSoT
II! H .-; ouninion'jcodmrrton..e diflKenupicijibersjlieraVty
Iff 9r ' licrcWs to htfvd! spread tjijp
e ihk a i . vji. ;inKirMn. ni !i'ii'as lintmii ntuiinnvtrnr.il i -t'lnrru -. 'i;iir' n Aihnnm ii
is m apw t Av..v:.: ' ;.v.. iis:ri.&Sii .f: .oEdawtdn-Ajrajiruv achapinmr
II - fL 'titeip-Kinthempksof rt& l$ghUo . 'tand Bearer.
V " . Wtf M$f Wff-W P -a?ow boattho lI.IIWltef?glaS?; . JSS&;
S VJxa&wto$r lotweewSWl1 W ' Xoin"B. RIcllul.onEocki.'art ' t4 Gr TlfylKfc - 7J j
!tK ikhuMfc' Vi4 . HP . Kucogdophonao i?gW0.n!Blr '"
bill-holders' we ' havothe notes of some little village institdtinn en
dorsed by Tom Dick and Harry as the circulating jnedium of a State
destined in a few years to become one of the first in commercial
importance. But it is said the banks may fail and vast individual loss-
es result aiid thercforcrwe'will have none. I5o human institution
or contrivance is perfect and if we were to apply this principle Ave
would have rp.rctum to a state of nature for safety.. We should pro-
hihit stage coaches because they sometimes are upset; steamboats be-
cause they sometimes blow up and in every shape and fornTdiscoun-
tnnance enterprise and adycriture. Such bigoted radicalisihWould riSt
only arrest the spirit o'fsprogrcss and improvement'but would'gd fur-
aher nnd destroy all existing evidences of both aud extinguish 'one. by
;ohe the lights which science has kindled in the worid. '.
vTie experiqiiceof mauyyears embracing loo a period pf uhparaU
lclcd financial 'difficulty has deiiiohsrrated the safety of that system cf
banking known as free- and' whioh has iti the last few years been
daopted iu'mah'y States of the Union. With the guards that'have been
ithrowhinrouri'dit in the States i df New York Massachusetts Con-'
.nccticnt.and.elscvhere where 'v. has been adopted there is almost a
moral impossibility of such loss' either by fraud or mismanagement.
. ; Grand Lodffc of Texas. ' ' -' .'
This;body- assembled at the Masonic Hall ni. this city on Monday
evenings last All the Grand pfficelrs wpre'iiV'attenda'nce and aryery
rfull representation fromw' the djflerent'Lotlges in the State. '''e li'n-
ile'rstand that there hasjbeen'.a great deal of important business befc-'re''
f?.'" '"- ):.V; " ' .' ' ."' f rV-lv ' '". ' '.'
ft-lin rtj.ViiIrfr.Vrirrrt n till lifKiu coccinnd lotri liartn 'nnrlrtli"it!fu ltnrYi
ing Masonip year came ofF a'tidtr9sultedasfolJov3.:.'-4j;''; "
xl c..t rr l '..' . '..- -jr. r v
iiuiin'oayiusi 01 vvusniugiuu cuumy v.- jv; t U-; ivj .-
' Andrew Neil! of Guadalupe county; ' ' D.' G.'M."
Edward'HlTarrantrof Ellis county'" ".;'.C? S. G W.!
Wm.;H. Johnson V-'f' MpldaTant
Kranqb L-. Baraiisa' Wfhcelqcfcr D. D. GMf.GtlL v !
.GepcIInpcocj; JJ ' A 'G. M: 7th -m
jatnesx J-iyue; j jyoja yiga - X. jj. LrfJ.Ul. Oth
' ' .".-( . ' ". M t U. . . .. . J L . ' '
.'' Jrairi Cjiambcflahi' 7JJrownsIlpr D. D. GVM.;()itli
Pvcv. J; GWddtmap. 'SanAugiusiine (Gf. Chap?ain?; "'
QjrT'' The divorce case between Edwin .Forrest and bis wife has
been occupying the Superior Court of JNew York City for two weeks
a. .'1'.! ' ' . - iv . -. AixK . 'i - . -
pasi aim uie papers ot j.ncw ilorU and .the'otlier large cilics arc filled
with the disgusting details. " In regard to ' tliesd details a New York
correspondent of the Galvcstoii Journal says :
" They betray a shocking condition ofrmorals and n degree of li-
centiousness in certain circles quite equal to the times of i7;;o;j del
Enclos or.Charles Second. - AiVd this too among men and women
who have beep to some extent the leaders of fashion and. conserva-
tors of good breeding'! For years past I have regarded Mr. Forrct
as' a proud overbearing and unfeeling man.. True I know that ho
was .very aflectidnatc'to his mother andsisters but beyond this exccl-
lent'.trait in his character I. saw notliingnqcoininend 11. had the
means of contributing largely to pnbiicv'chnrities and other beirevo-
lent .objects but I neer heard (familiar as 1 have been with his ca-
reer) of hls.doiug 'anything noterwprthy in this' respect. His condutri
in the Maeready matter elicited my most hearty condemnation and I
blushed for him as all American. This 1 presume was the feeliii"- of
every sensible citizdn. '.''.
. " Then came his charge against his'' wife and regarding this dread-
ful accusation 'as the hideous offspring-of liis hatred of he English
and his fircy jealousy I together with- thousands in this city" and
country united in indignaiifstrictures upon his brutality and venom.
We defended -his wife as a deenlv-iimired Inrlv 1?r.rn.cr'c .. .
ie assault ujton N. P; Willis.
'. 1;I?pr.sbniQ weeks past public opinion (my owii included) has un-
dei'gpnea material change in respect to the inexcusableness of tin
grdat tragedian and the disgusting developments at this trial of lewd-
ness in fashionable life have confirmed the new phase. There can
De mile (louot now i think that Mr. Forrest has been much more
siinied..agaitist than sinning and that his credulity and generous ex-
penditures for home comforts and hospitality were grossly abused in
his absence by a most abominable packflf profligate fashionables and
unscrupulous rakes'. ; . I h ' . ' t
"There will undoubtedly be an immense deal of hard swearing to
disprove this and give to the.vcry extraordinary scenes at Mr. For-
rest's princely residence the airof' harmless abandon and innocent
dissipation but. it' will not- succeed."
' i j
v 'O-Wb regret to see the Galveston-Journal office advertised for
sale by a trustee to close up a mortgae vThe publisher Mr. Cher-
"ry makjs an appeal to .his ptrns wlio;aren arrears to step forward
and' pay up their dues and .thus enable hini-ft'o save his office from i-a-cr'i'fice.
Wo '"trust the appeal will be responded to in a proper man-
ner. 'Vlic Journal is the only out-and-out yhig paper in the State
and mnintaih$.an open. aVul. manly opposijionto- the democracy. Ii
ccrtaihly lms'strang. claim's upon its parlor an 'efficient support.
'. ttHt- he l'veston 'Journal oi hol2thMns'tant say's-: "We are
credibj infpjtpedMlmt the Unite'dnStat'cs'TJisVrict Attorney has receiv-
ed positive iin'stnitetioiis tb'proseciite tothe'fiill extent of '-the law nil
CAinerrcan .citizens syhd Jiave been eugagelljn't'ho Cnrnvnjnl expedi-
tions on the llib Grande'.!:. We iiesitate to'ibelievu that the Govnrn.
ifieut.at Washnygtph will uiHlOt-take stfch a proceeding.
'V' ''' ' -' "" ' '"-'';- "' ? " ' " x
Vp5" Mfllrs.i Perkins & Abbott have issued a prospec
pectus for a new
paper to bttfpublished at.yberty in this State.-aud called ; The Jler-
mwaj Mwerjij. i jl ne JierafU is tO;bo' edited by Mr. Abbott and
will be neutral in politics? Terpis 53fasyear in advance.
' ' ' '' . -;' ' " i
G'oh. Ifoustpn 'on;th(f Indians.
The lecujro deliyerqd- byGiiHoiistoii' jit' Harlford Connecticut
the oih instant was on the. Sift.of tfc North Ainerictm tndimu.
Lhe aim ot .the lecture seemed tO;bb to rous'Sa ff-Rlimr in n... nt ..
Indian. lie claimed that ii? "their enntfistft wiHi ti. -mi.-.t...- .1.. 1
were almost always tiicaiggress'o;s ; and that the Indians as a bodv
lienor broke their treaties. A single" Indian or two or three combined
might sometimes kill a whit'e matt for plunder; but in such cases an
44'l" iyn'.fei woijujigccuretiie surrpuder ot'tjie murderers. H
pniil Mint- tliH'cTnvnrnmpni- r.c ..a. ...-.. i;. ... v.u. .:n:
year !fppr6servo peace with tie Indiatis'pu the frontiers of Texan
fe.10?' &tojivas mostly usclESa; Ho would guarantee to
jace'thrppghJiBhole line foc'6i:chuAdred thousand dollars a
uj!leilr nPAlk(l that theIjidiahs were cheated and xvhet-
iie(intotreatic3IbyfddsigniiiLrmeii. ITlie whole leoturc wus a eulo
Jgy.gn.tlie Lidianlja. Ncto'YorU Su7t.
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Brewster, H. P. & Hampton, J. W. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 23, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 24, 1852, newspaper, January 24, 1852; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81015/m1/2/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.