Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 46, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 3, 1852 Page: 2 of 8
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TEXAS STATE GAZETTE.
HpBREW8TJilt'Eclitor:-.iJ. W. HAMPTON A&aoriato Editor.
r I pily oMnstin JhIv 3 f852. (
" r " i
DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE FOB PRESIDENT
.ftJKAlVJKOIV FIERCE of New-Hampshire.
'. -mrt lfrnr.tirttfBltlPMT.
WI&KilAIft R. KlNCr of Alabama.
ELECTORS FOR THE 8TATE AT LARGE
SeMHCl D. EvailS itarrison. Guy HI. Bryan 0 Brazoria.
'iL H ' DISTRICT ELECTORS : i
'fiwffeW. Smylbo cr. Robert S. Neighbors of Bexar.
' ""' r Attorncy-r.rncral.
J3 W$nro authorized to nnnounco JOHN SAYLES Esq of "Washington
tiounty ncandidate for tho ofllco of Attornoy-Goncral of tho Stato of Texas
atTflio ensuing August election.
iE7" Vonro authorized to annoimro Col. THOMAS I. JENNINGS nsn.
candidato Jor thoqfilco of Attorney-Gonerni of tho State of Texas election it)
'&7T w nro authorized to nnnounco A.J HAMILTON Esq. ns a candidato
for-tho office of Attorney-General of tho Stato. Election in August next.
'. Slate Treasurer.
ifrjy We nro nutbotized to announce JAMES H ftAYMOND Esq. as a can-
didate for ro-eloctlon to the office of State Treasurer. Election in August next.
. Comptroller. m
EP" Wo nro ruftlidrizcd io nnnoHnco JAMES B. SH A)V Esq! as a candidal
for ro-clcction to tho ofllco of Comptroller Elention in August next.
Wo aro authorised to nnnounoo B. W. CHANDLER Esq. ns a enndidato
for'Dlitriot Attorney of tho 2d Judicial District election in August next.
Wo ore 'authorized to announce J A HOUGHTON Esq nan candidato
for District Attornoy for tho Second Judicial Distriot. Election in August '52(
Wo nro authorized to announce ALEXANDER II. CHALMERS Esqr. a
candidato for District Attorney for tho Second Judicial District election in
nro authorized to announco WARREN LARKINS Esq. as a cant'-dato
tOrfDlstriot Attorney for the 2d .ludioial District. Election in August 1802.
t' For Chief-Jnstlcc. . '
" K7" Wo nro authorized to announco JOEL MINER. Esq.n candidato for
re-election to tho ofllco of Chiof-Justioo of Travis county at tho election in
j3r We aro 'authorized to nnnounco JOHN B COSTA Esq a candidate
for theofllco of Chlof-Justico of Travis county at die next August election.
itili" District Surveyor
eJjT'Wo nro authorized to announce JAMES R I?ACE as a candidate for
re-election to tho ofllco of District Surveyor. Election in August next.
03 We aro authorized to nnnounco II. L. UPSHUR ns a candidato for
District Surveyor. Election in August next
r'' . County Clerk.
hUft Wo aro authorized to announce ASHFORD B. McGILL ns n candidate
fpnrc-elaotiijn to tho office of Clerk of tlns'County Court. Election in Au-
"r ' Sheriir.
gr Wo aro nuthorized to announco GFO. W SCOTT as a candidato for re-
election to the olTice of 8herifT. Election"in August next.
.'lir-We aro nutliorizod.to announco TIIOS. GLASCOCK ns a enndidato for
Sheriffv tElectlon in August noxt. . $
SSvi - For Countv Commissioners.
tfrrjHMxsRits. EniTons: PIeoiionnnounee the following ticket for County
Commiitiomrt for Travis county at tho pnsuiog August election! nnd obligo
W 1 Mnx Votlks.
For WtMtr's Prairit Beat-
AIm frt.a P... t
1. UHIUII ' V
" 'Jutin City "
" aUliland't Crtelc "
-COL. JOHN B. BANKS:
HON. THOS. F. McKINNEY;
S M. SWENSONf
CAPT. NELSON MERRILL.
.1 41 -II A
jFari. . Assessor ami uoiirciur
JirVsraVdAaro authorized to announco Atr. L. BOTT n candidato for dsitttor
'and Colltctor lor Travis County at tho ensuing August election.
'r07" We nro nuthorized to nnnounce TRUNIN B. BECK n enndidato for
rc-olccton-to the ofllco of Alienor and Colltctor for Travis county at the next
.33r Wp arq nuthorized to nnnoupca J A WES M. SWISHER a candidato
for ro-electioh to the ofllco of County Treasurti of Travis county at tho next
The Extra Session. -
jlttnlt parts of the State the opinion lecms to prevail that an extra
session of th'o legislature should be convened. An opinion to our
mind justified by many considerations of State policy if not neessi
ty. Be the fact as l may the manifestation of- tint popular will' on
tho subject is'.so significant as to bs.eutitled to respectful considera-
tion nnd has induced us tevdevote a few wdds to tiie examination of
its mnrita not only with reference to the apportionment of the rcpre-
" f I
sentation but other matters of 'great interest and importance.
It is generally known thai our State ronstittition madait tho duty
of the Legislature to have an enumeration of the inhabitants of the
State made in the year 1850 and at that period to apportion the re-
presentation gf the Slate. Tho enumeration was made as prescribed
and tho Legislature at its recent session durinir the last hours of the
Inst day thereof passed an apportionment bill which however did
not receive tho assent of the Governor and consequently never be-
came a law. It is of no use to discuss flfo merits or the defects of I he.
bill whioh nnsscd. nor to hinuire who wasjiilUault the Governor or
i J. . i
nou1 lor our col-
ders to be in-
Tho Washington Union of tho 12ih n't. contains the proceedings
of the Baltimore DemoeraticCon vent ion in full from its organization
to its adjournment. They.aie of course too v
iininHj Init knowing tho crc'at desire of oittVFt
foj;ml'd oiijthe subject wo Extract belbv the most interesting portion
of the'procet'dmeL that whicluoccur-ed at the clo.-e when General
Pierce was nominnted. '
Gqn' Pierce's name was brought forward on the Sfli'h ballot by "Vir-
ginia cnstiuu for him her eu'.ire vole 15 mid the " mother of Presi-
dents" uottiiiued to voto for him Until his lloniination was bt-cured.
On the 3Gth ballot Pierce's vbte was 30 and continued about thiu-
liumber uutil.tho 48tlballot Which staod as follovh: Murcy 89 Cass
72 Pierce 55 Douglas 33 Bucliminti 28oiidll scattering. Th
roll for the 49th ba'lot was called and stood about in proportion as
above until the State of North Carolina was called when Mr. Dob-
bin of that State wiid i
" Mr President pardon mo for obtruding
' nnr worn linfi-krn NnrtK Pnrnltnn
i nnw nnata iwr ntn u - - i v .. '
the Legislature; the only fact necessary to USWu is that between j urf(1ur no man3 fi oZZJ? U?Z
themlio law was passed by which the difficulty was superinduced 'ado to prostrnto any uspirrmt for the snlce of sectiounl oi personal triumph.
which. i the nf ds of. manvl renders a cession of the LeKislatu.e ne- ierX' nlonTli! .n. ."L0..'!:.!" 0'rmnferi0.'u 0r.reRt
-.. a:.. ...i " ' i" P ojiu-ji-iu mr me gri-.u pnunpius ol nemo-
Ratification Meeting. .
(Notices wore issued on Monday laest for a meeting of the
democracy of Travis county on Wednesday evening to ratify
tho nominations of Pierccand Iving. The meeting organized
by tho appointment of Oapt. James G. Swisher as Chairman
and Edward K Peck Esq Secretary. The attendance of dem-
ocrats frpni ho country not being as general as was desired
tbemeeting adjourned without action to 5 d'clochtliis evening
when it will again convonoat Iho capitol. "We hope every
democrat who may boinjtho city will attend this evening that
8nchA response may begiven tpn6ur excellent ticket as is ex-
pected from the democracy at tho'capitol of Texas
SBy reference to our adverting columnsit will be seen
tKSl tho Colorado Navigation Company aro ready "until the 4th
(iSSeptombor next for receiving proposals to clean out the
Ilaft at tho mouth of the river. Wo learn that the- conm nv
hav;ample means on hand to pay for tho worlc promptly. ?En-
orprisingvcapitalists have hero a fine opportunity for a profita
' p H. E. Smith Esq. editor of tho Galveston Journal in
his tpur through "Western Texas paid our city a visit Wweak;
Ho seems greatly encouraged with tho results of his trjpfouhd
lofsi of whigshll about has greatly extended tho circulation' of
tbo Journal ana is delighted with tho country He isiaV fn-
tolligont pleasant gentleman but wo think it will bo more than
li61iablo to do to porsu'adb tho people of Texas to qreako
their democracy and embrace
'hlJTo-orV fifinfifiiftllvilft in rlninrv
m. .. .ik rnri -j - .-r-- -- xwll.
aSjnst nqw they would uavottagulph down tho freesoilism of
Dr. "W. P. Smith editor ojLaGrango Monument and
ient for the Monumental ComniUtce. is aUa in otir n?t.r. Pf
peair.B ' encouragingly ' of the prospects of tho noble cause in
"Which ho is engaged and expresseetrong confidence that a
fluificient sum will soon bo raised to build a magnificent monu-
ment at LaGrange over tho 'remains of the4 brave men who fell
an tho Texas revolution Hproposea aregsing our citizens
on thejBubiect Jl6 evening at tho MethodiTtfchurcb and wo
cessary before thPclections in August 1853
It is a fact not to be disputed that an extra session of Legislature
would involve evils of no inconsiderable importance abstractly con-
sidered and it therefore becomes prudent in discussing the question
to indulge every reasonable intendment by which its necessity might
be obviated. In other words if we can conveniently get along with-
out an extra session We shouldcertaitily do so for it womd draw
from the treasury money which might be much more profitably ex-
pended ; and if they re-unite in the same temper which ihey separat-
ed but little benefit could bo expected from the counsels of the Le-
gislature. Jf however it should be found -that there will exNt con-
stitutional difficulties irf the way of organizing the Legislature to be
elected in 1853 no one .vilL deny the importance of adopting meas-
ures for their removal. These difficulties If they c;xist at all are of
a character thai cannot be compromised no arrangement of con-
flicMng claims can give legal efficacy where the constitution with-
holds it. It is therefore a matter of grave importance to keep our-
selves freo from such embarrassments.
The constitution provides that in the 'years 1848 and 1850 nnd
every eight years thereafter the Legislature shall cause an enumera-
tion to be made of the free inhabitants of the Slates designating par-
ticularly the number of qualified electors and that at these several
periods the number of representatives shall be fixe'd and apportioned
among the several counties cities or towns according to the number
of free population in each ; and also that the whole number of Sena-
tors shall at the next session after the several periods of euuineiatiou
be fixe'd and apportioned among he several districts of the State.
The convention which framed the constitution .adopted an apportion-
ment" to exist until the ntxl enumcratidn. j
By this phraseology it is clear that the apportionment then made
ceased to have any.force 60 soon as the first enumeration was made
and no constitutional legislature could assemble Until an apportion-
ment was made by the Legislature based upon it. Following tile
analogy thus afforded us by the convention all legislative apportion-
ments made afterwards should have been restricted in the same man-
ner that is that they should determine with the next constitutional
apportionment and in any case where a doubt exists this phraseology
would go far to fix the meaning of the convention to be that appor-
tionments should be made from one era to another onlv.
The terms of the members of the House of Representatives expi-
ring before the next election there can arise no difficulty in practice
in regard to them as they must be superseded by such as may then
bo elected ; but it is altogether different in regard to the members of
tho Senate elected for four years their terms extend beyond the pe-
riod of election and the Legislature assembled in 1853 would be com-
posed of a legal Hoiibe of Representatives' but of a Senate essentially
wanting in conformities to theconstitution. No one will contend
we presume that tlie Governpr could by his proclamation for an
election abridge tho terms. o the Senators ehjpleJ in 1851 and it
would bo equally repugnant for the Senate of 4851 unclassified and
as a whole to form the Senate of 1853. -
The 8th section of the 3d article of the constitution provides that
the Senators shall be chosen by tho qualified voters for the term of
four years and shall bo divided by lot into two classes as nearly equal as
can be. Tho seats of Senators of the ifirst class ehnll bo vacated at
the expiration of the first'two yenrs; 'and of the second class at "the
exniratioiuofcfonr years ; so that ohe half thereof shall be chosen bien-
nially thereafter. It is the clear import of this section that one-half
of the Senate shall .fbeahvays composed of members elected less
than twoyears preceding its meeting. This requirement is positive ;
a'nd as 1io classification took place at the last session there exists no
mode of effecting.it without the re-assembling of tho Legislature.
The difficulty seems inevitable. Should the Governor order an elec-
tion for Senators nnd men be elected in 1853 a contes&vilf arieo be
tween them and the Senators elected 1851 ; the first who get posses-.
sion oi mo nan uiguiuzv or h wiir-an depend upon the action of
tho Lieutenant Governor. In either event there can bo no constitn-
.tjonal Senate. If the Senators elected in 1851 organizevthey were
ifall elected at a period too rempte to meet the requirements of the con-
stitution although there exists no power in the Governor to substitute
by an election others in their places.
This will bo a state otbiilgs as embarrassing an the 'double gov-
ernment of Rhode Islandome yearsKngo and involves a suspension
of the legislative department of government for cne sebsion of thS
Legislature because thpre will existing jjrneang of supplying the in-
gredients of a constitutional law-making body Even if it should bo
held that one or the other set of Senators could hold their sents what
assurance have wo that the other may not nsnrp their places? No
one is more fully impressed than we are of the folly of an' extra scs-
slon of tho Legislature if it can be.avojtlcd but wo .confess Jt Deems
"' ''' "r i ' r" i . ri s ?' u stntLs' MY we mid yon can have
..vnu uj u0 3tumwru..lrer. y-eniqusiy nml sin. oroly Imvo nv preened
'""" Ul. """' " ""' sou o! tim uii Keystone around whom
rJ v a"cv""" "' uur. "Cirl3 lmvc long flustered. Wu h-ivo turned
..j iu.n u ouuyui luiiunur u.iu oi nur uistuiirtiislieil sons whoso iplen
m.m.mio iuwi-ra uuvu jusi uoen so laitlilully eu'pgw.cd by my fr
iiuiu .wi-oissi i in. wi' now leei mat in t io tnnUi ni ..... i i .n :
. n. ..... auujjjjiu wr II1B K""' I'
j..... " ' ai i mve we tendered tlie Imnnor to the North. Suvoour
i. t -.:. . . ---... x u. i.-vui . inn. iiiaiitiuiiuii mo
uuvu.if.uuii.u luniicrcu once rnqro cannot bo neglected Wv feel that the
hoKr now has come when the spirit of strife must ho bniiihedniid leave io rein
in her plaec the mild and gentler and holier spirit of n liberal patnotism.-
Come.Mr President let us to the altar and maku our s u-ritkes lor oi r coun-
ny "?0W lrolosei with otllur friends ill imtuo ol one who was in the
field ust long enough to prove himself a gallant soldier: who was in the
councils just lonsj enough to demonstrate that ho is the stntesm m ortheairowr
mind tm hontit heart ; who has exhibited to his countrymen in his career ol
legislatidn that he know the rights of the Souti ns well fn the North the East
and the West; whoso sterling principles of deinomnoy are stron-r solid and'
enduring like tho granite hills of his own Now Il-uupslurc home -General
Franklin Pierco. Come Mr. Prcml nt lot us strike now now lor harmony
and conciliation and save our principles and our country "'
'When die inline of Georgia was called Mr. Cohen of Geor-a ob-
taiiifd leave to address the convention and proceeded as follows1:
"The delegation of Georgia prompted by tho same feeling which has actua-
ted oUr sister State of the South has como up to the democracy of rite North
in getting a banner-leader of oufpurty. Wo have rallied around tho sons ot
the North who have been proposed here with the warmest infections uud the
moil anxious dosiro to concentrate upon them. Georgia now sends it unani-
mous greeting to the Granite Stato of the North Long and loud applause 1
sdiu sends her entire and unanimous voice there and she uonlhlontly trusts that
it will reverberate from its lulls which are as firm as tho eternal hill ; them-
selvos (Applause. and that there willresound through the entire hind thu glad
tidings ol our unanimity here. Georgia .unanimously casts her ten votes in
favor of General Piereo. of New Hampshire." Applause
When Mississippi was called Mr. Barksdiite for the delegation
from that State after'a fow eloquent remarks cast the vote of Mis-
sissippi for Pierce; Tennessee 'followed suit through Mr. Polk; Ala-
bama through Mr. Phillips; Indiana through Mr. Bright.
At this stage of the proceedings the delegations from New York
Pennsylvania Michigan Vermont nnd other States which had already
voted for their favorites asked leave to retire for consultation. When
they were ready to vote Gov. Dickenson of New Yoik thus respond-
ed lor his Stato:
" A few or the proudest moments of my life have been parsed in th
intion. One was when I received tho single voto of Florid i lor tho
dateship of the Presidency of the United btates: another vn
s when the vote
oi ineuiu dominion was given mo for tho imo high office m another i
when I stand here now New York has been here with divided counsels and
as she has been divided m her life to far-y out the Hgur.- by reversim-it
when peace and tranquility succeed she will 1m iltvil. r; ii... .i P...
. - . - .- ...i. Mi .i inn- muaiurv.
io nomination tnai could nave been made unless it was the nomination of her
own choice that great and good man to whom she has adhered 40 lonrr
could have been moro gratifying to her than that of Franklin Pierce of New
Hampshire cheers and applause He is now our choice and we oiler him
the electoral voto of Now York j and I wilD'tako upon me to siy that we in
New York will como up to this great battltwuul do our full share of tho work
against our mighty foes. May Tnot nowcoiignuulato this convention and the
democracy of tlie country upon this result? pplulise j I
'-I came not here for vain talking and 1 will not oooupy much more ofVour
U"le' . IuWU 00nclu(l0 hysaring that wo tender to tho democracy of tlie coun
trjTthis free-will offering of p-aco and good w.l. Gun Franklin Pieroo'is the
choice of New York and if not the first ehoiie he is tho sccoixi 'choice of
each State and that makes him the first choice of all." Enthusiastic no
Gov. Dickinson was followed by Co!. Back of Pennsylvania who
in casting the vote of that State for Piorce " roso to express thefeel'
ings of emotion(jtdeep and true with which Pennsylvania hailed the
candidate of the democratic party. Without reservation with un-
ceasing and sleepless energy and with all the earnestness of woman's
fidelity' they would pledge their honor nnd that of the democracy of
Pennsylvania to insure his success. life was rightly named : Frank '
was his Christian name and Pierce his surname ; and while th
Hag of .democracy waited he would ' pierce the ranks of their oppo-
nents thiotighoiHthe land." ' ''
Gen. Wilson of Ohjo then cast thoJv'oto of that State for Pierre
as did Mr. Richardson that of Illinois. "When Louisiana was called
Mr. Soul6 rose and said : '
" In the name of tha State of Louisiana and as its organ on this occasion I
ask leave to say to the convention that sho feels proud of tho course sho hk
pursued during this exciting and important canvass tsho'lias showed with
what tenderness sho could extend her hand to her northern and western lireil
ren. Vo have stood firmly by them from the beginning 0f t10 .0l)tes. to .'Z
last faithful to tho mandate which wo had received at tlie handj of our coh
stituency. J3ut. sir now that a new name has been presented to this conven
nuw ."i"Si .- - -. ..u. Uli. luc wiiiiuunee inn uio lillectiou of th
vye como io you noi oniy witn tneso now insiguilieant votes of ours but wl h
tnose neans oi uuro iiuu win uo gonu service in the coming contest. 1 rBinIn7.
rqrore to seo tneso unerring inUications .of a liarmonyairioug us which wit!
re power to crush all the efforts of our oimoncntH r rrivnTv.- ." '"
bottom of my heart and with the greatest pleasure tho vote of mv St Jfi?'
Franklin Piorce of New Hampshire Applause f " V btac rr
Gov. McClelland of Michigan the ooufidcntial.frjend ofGen-Ca
then ii. a very feeling maimer withdrew the name of his Hlastrioti
favorite.and cast tno voto ot his btato for Pierce adding
entire democratic party; when we see that in the voto which hus inn been on
you have actually elected the next President of these United Sutes Icheeri 1
Louisiana cannot be nor.does sho wish to he. recreant to tho call of the Nortl
ioiooaJl.who can will cco-to hcarJhtm
18t0iWBdB0 Janfite.d totefe .that Dr.'bmja?iUjpjS09h to.us indispensable and great as tmTcvi! 'is it-ia faJeer'thnn that
ioitha MotkdiBt!iorflh fit 8 o'clock to-morrow evoniog. which will follow if none io ealled. '"' '' "' t
" i win say lurtiier.inat me man lor whom' t io Michigan delegation.!. .
to vote is particularly acceptable to the cancifdSte for who n wu I !! ? ?''?'
voted. 1 pledge Gen. (.'ass to a most o Vd warm Vu?por?of Gen Frank'
lui Pierce of Now Hampshire; and now intfursuance of he u nnfmoit wS."
of the delegation of Michigan I give her s votes for FrankliS ;"!
r . V
Delaware and Florida then changed their votes for Pierce and whe
Texas was called Gen. Rusk responded as follows: "I have no
speech to make. The nomination which has been made is entirely
acceptable to Texas' and by the unanimous vote of the dehW.t'
we give our four voteu for Frankliu fierce of Now HumpshireT'L-
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Brewster, H. P. & Hampton, J. W. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 46, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 3, 1852, newspaper, July 3, 1852; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81038/m1/2/: accessed March 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.