Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 34, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 9, 1853 Page: 2 of 8

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APRIL 9
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3? fa(5Jt!aH"JtottJt if s. M. h&mi'toj' ii
dltom.
5Y$? AUgpiff.fdjPpiy 18 5 8
JilFitvJ arW"tliri4il to annronceilho naiie of cflJOUOB "W. SirrVTH ofTaipcr
couutyfjutitflWato fpr Governor at Ulojiuulbg Augustjclcctlon. " V .
pyr TTe are aulliorlied to nnrwunco the namo of JON IV. 3AIOY of Fayette County as
a Candidate. fc Governor -at tho ensuing August election.
tSK AvtirtifnraSca In to-day's paper the ailvcrtUcmcnt of Sampson & Ilenrfcks' new
Spring Goods. ... Mr. lluaas' new Store on Pecan Street. ...Mrs. Kyle's School.. ..Great Sale of
.K T. Duffnu'a new Goods Ac. Ac.
tl
rsn.t ltt.t- niwl nil rrlllf tf 1
ULHUUHILTUU UUUUUli. OI U9 ilHUUlliWi UUUV9 UUU vuivpwj
Icomtrtonccmcntof the revoluWu infl.8S toU851-52:wjth;
on American debts : UyVjUiarh !iI Gouge author of a
VxDdt by the City of San Antonio. ...I'prt Qraliam Races
Another Call for a State Convention
In oA;diriao to numerous solicitations re'ecived from various parts?
-of'tfletatc urging such a course tho Hdn. Washington D. MiLtnit
chairman of the democratic State Central Committee has felt it Ills
duj.y tq issue the follpwiug call for a Convention6f the party to meet
hvWarfringloU on thcJ3razoson Wednesday the 16th day of
Jun&next. It is unnecessary for us to say that thb'cdurso adopted
meets our moat unqualified approval ; it has been resolved- upon at
the earnest suggestion of Wading democrats in all quarters of the j
RinW finrl Urn ll.tnA.trtll ttn vnonmulnfl ft r na it el.r.iil1 l.rt K.t ttri no I
r..vw M.M .TV ltlU- V 111 UU IbOUUUCU fcU U3 11 OlIULIIU Ub U JT I HV tiO"
semblageMpf''a full Convention" of delegated " fresh frdm the people."
We hope' our democratic cotompo.raries all-over the State will give
tluvmovemont their hearty approval and that the leading demdorats
iu eacli county will atuoicQ take the .matterin hand aud see that
delegates are' appointed in lime and such as will attend and carry
out the will of their co'nstlucnts. We hope "no local1 jealousies or'
purbuiim uapiruuuus win do pormuieu in any instance 10 inicnere w
prevent delegates From being sent from the several counties Stjrely
the triumph and permanent ascondenpy of the principles of our party
are above all personal ambition or loiiut schemes ; and faiich ascendency'
caiuonly bo secured firmly by organization and a conqqntration.of the
strengths of the party upon one caniiidatp" for each State office. If
we Vail to organize now our party may become so llivided ' and es-
tranged "as to make harmonious action hereafter ntterly impracticable
until i1F(nr. nhrill-tnrir.il ns wisdnm. Wn warn niir nnrtv frinnds of
tlic danger ahead we have time and another opportunity to arm
against them; let us not fail to act-promptly; vigorously wisely :
TO THE DEMOCKACSr OP TEXAS.
Tlio Convention" of Delegates of tho Demdcrallc party of tho State 'of Texas which V-as
appointed to bo holdenit Austin on tho 22nd day of February Jast having failed to assemble
at the detlgoated time and place anil It now appearing the general wish of tho party that anoth-
er Convention be cnlIM for tho purpose of nominating democratic candidates for the respective
nfllces of Governor Lieutenant-Governor etc. to bo voted for at tho general election In August
next! therefore
The Democratic 'State Central Committee having in view what appears to bo the will of tho
Democratic party throughout the Btatc and desirous of promoting Its .harmony and the concen-
tratlnn of Its tote upon those most likely to be- tho choice of the whole parly In the State re-
spectfully and earnestly recommend that tho Democratic citizens of the several counties meet
In their primary1 assemblages and appoint delegates to represent them In a State Convention to
gcther and unite In the nomination of Dcmocratlo candidates for the several State offices to bo
filled at the next general election.
Austin April 4 1853.
A hf tirTl Ant1 ftll rPftVotl.
TiODulYrtU bookseller oUliUvcity.ihas been kind cnongh to pafQ
4on)ur Cablb a llcwJlbookoii Texas "enlltied "The Fiscal histbry o
.i " w . s tr
'froifl tli
remarks
short history of paper money and'bahking' in the United States."
The reputation of Mr. Gouge as a writer on the subject ho han-
dles in the bootr before us lead us to expect an entertaining work and
wo were not disappointed. It is evident however that tho author
is not a ltttlo tainted with tlio unjust prejudice which seems to prevail
so extensively in " tho States" in regard to the patriotism of the
early pioneers of Texas independence and the honesty and good faith
of Texans generally. This is evident from the opening chapter of
the book. The author thus begins :
EST Justico to tho Judges of tho Supremo Court of ouv
Stiito requirca that thoii-action in discharging Col. Thornton
from arrpstat Ualvcstonjsiiouia uopmccupn us imu grounus
before tho country. Their decision has been assailed -in tho
coarsest tonAa byCa))t Danlonnd'by tlio Arkansas papers gen-
erally' and'fiio principles uponvhich thoirfdecisiofi and 'action
.a
si!
i iy. d aujjii.it
Chalr'nDemocratiaStute Cen'l Com.
npr-JVd aro greatly obliged to Gen. Houston for; a copy of his very
able'and instructive speech delivered in the United States Senate on
the6ubject of the public debt'df Texas. Mr1. Howard also is entitled
to our thanks for a copy of the same speech. No man living knows
better the" true character of our public debt and the circumstances
und&tftWlubh it vas contracted at 'variqus 'times thari'Ge'h. Houston'
and?vo are satisfied his speech places the ' whole matter in its true
"light. Wo shal at an early day lay this interesting document; entire
" before our readers. And it may not be amiss here to state that in
his compilation of facts relative1 to. tWipublic debt of Texas Mr.
Gouge in tho work noticed in another article fully sustains all the
positions taken by Gen. Houston as toitheitime and manner our pub-
lic debt was contracted.
t( L
"Qj? Tjh'e4Hoii. Guy'iTVI. Bryau js. announced as a candidate for the
Sfjato Se'iiniV in the Brazofia district. .Mr-Bryan has for several years
nade tin atile and faithful working member of the House of Bepre-
s. sentives and we hope to see him triumphantly elected to the Senate.
The Layaca Cfofnmcrcidlaysi Mr "W. N. Yarnell is a candidate for
tho"'House of Representatives iujpalhounand Jackson counties and
that ''sMr. White of Texana is spoken of 'as a candidate in the
same district. If! it is our old frienu Frank White his constituents
wouldlnot-likelygain much by exchanging him fdr'any one as' repre-
sentatives he was one of'tlie very best members of the last House
viffilaht industrous'' and firm nirt'tho' advocacy of rill measures lis
judgmejit fipppveu. 7 w i
' r" "
(Ep" We have received from VVaco h comrnunication giving a
detailed account of the putrages perpetrated there by a certain John
A. Satterwhito and which led to his b'tiintr phbt and killed by Mr.
Jackson. 'Tho communication is signed ' A Citizen' but lio other
name is given. Wo think we know the author of the commutuca-
tionmnd have no doubt he has Written nothing but the truth: but'we.
cannot publish his artiglo without a responsible name. Tin's isa rule
froniAvhich ve cannot depart ''& Cit'zen" saysatterwhite has left.
" an-amiable riud interesting' family for whom there exists in the
bosom of this communita deep 'sympathy.'' f ' Jackson is entirely
justified by the community in killing Satterwhite.V t a
D3rv'The April ndmbgr of .".Harper'syKfewlonthly Magazine" is
on our-table and in' appearance and nmtef 'folly sustains ' the ihigh(
reputatiorhithero awardedto tbis publication'. In all the character-
istics of a literary magazine snchaB could be. unhesitatingly recom-
mended to 'tbBatngnageJjOf hp lcfers oFapurd literatt5rewe rpga'rd
3JHterpuer'(aswiUmut'!a riyajin this ctuntryr ' ' ' '
K5lThe Leon Pioneer of the 30th ult contains a very able arti-
clet the subject of Uiq Biv.er Appropriation which wesil transfer
w
" It is no part of our plan to givo a particular v(ow 'of tho consideration's
that induced thu Tcxaus tb dissolve their connection with Mexico. Suffice
it to sny that land-spoculnttons and antipathy o'f raco nppear to have been tho
main causes of tho revolution." '
Again on the 2-ith page of tho book after speaking of the desti-
tute coridition of tho Provisional 6oyernm.ent.jn December 183.3
and the means adopted to replenish the treasury the writer bays : f
"They turned their attention to tho ways and means which other govern-
ments have resorted to in times of exigency. They found thut they might
all bo resolved into taxing borrowing begging selliig nnd (if it bo permitted
to use such rough words) robbing nnd cheating and they appear to have de-
termined to try sill six."
This is certainly anything but complimentary to the patriotism
and integrity of the patriots who planned tho Texas revolution and
bore most of its toils dangers privations and bloody scenes many of
whom fell iu the gloridhs struggle far liberty. There may have been
land-speculators who aided in fomenting the revolution and all the
meails adopted by the handful of brave and gallant spirits who had
the direction of the contest may not have been in rigid accordance
with strict morality but the main objects of tho revolution were
the assertion and maintenance oPthe great principles of human free-
dom of civil liberty and the overthrow of an intolerable despotism
and the men engaged in it most prominently were as pure patriots as
ever lived and sustained their cause by a resort to such means only
as are justified by the rules of war among civilized nations such as
were adopted by the heroes of the American revolution upon whom
Mr. Gouge nor any other man at this day would dare bestow the ap-
pellations of ' land-speculators'' " robbers" &c. And indeed on the
29th page of his book Mr. Gouge himself partially refutes these
slanders upon the Texians incited to do 'so we suppose by the com-
pliment thus paid to Americans generally. We givo his quotation
from Kenuedy and' his remarks thereon :
"'Tho North Americans aro tho only people who in defianco of all obsta-
cles have struck the roots of civilization deep into tho soil of Texas. Even
as I trace theso lines I roilect tyioi their progress with renewed wonder and
admiration. They are indeed tho organized conquerors of tho wild unit-
ing in themselves tho threefold attributes of husbandmen lawgivers and sol-
diers.' ''Thus speaks Kennedy an Englishman the historian of Texas. And ho
does our countrymen no more than justice. Lot twenty thousand inquiet
spirits roll over into Tamauhpas Chihuahua Sinaloa Sonoia or any other
neighboring territory and they will in two months' titno do precisely what
was done by tho Provisional Government of Texes. They .will substitute
tho common for tho civil law. (with necessary modifications) ; establish trial
by jury and tho writ of habeas corpus; Anglicize and Americanize everything.
It matters not from what part of tho Union you take them. The forms of
legislation aro so familiar to all that in any twenty thousand you will find
men who can enact laws as numerous at least as those of Solon or Lycurgus
nnd perhaps quite as just and as wise."
The hard things Mr. Gouge says of Texians however is said in
so good natured a way and aro interspersed with so much valuable
information condensed in a convenient form that the perusal of his
work is not an unpleasant task. He gives the detaiU of Gen. Ham-
ilton's mission to England to negotiate a loan in 18-10. At that timo
the celebrated M. de Saligny was representing Trance at tho Court
of Texas. Gen. Hamilton wrote home that he had negotiated a loan
in London for $7000000 the French government having agreed to
underwrite for Texas. It was at once given out says Mr. Gouge
that this large sum of money was to be used in the establishment of a
great national bank in Texas ; that Mr. Jundon late cashier of the
old United State Bank had been invited to repair to Texas to act
as President of the hew bank and put its machinery in motion. The
French government declined to go security aud the loan was not
effected and it was supposed that M. de Saligny was the cause of it
influenced by personal dllliculties he gotMilto in this city. But we
willjet Mr. Gouge tell the story" in his own way :
"Mr. 'Bullock's pigs wero the aggressors. Tho Texan editors with an
nminble partiality for everything belonging to their own country conceal the
fact; lint We have been on the spot and inquired into the particulars. M.do
Saligny had a number of horses which were fed with corn. Mr. Bullock's
piga intruded into the stables to pick up tho corn the horses suffered to fall to
the i crouiid. One of M. de Saligny's servants killed some of the pi"s Mr.
Bullock whipped tho servant This tnraged M do Saligny; he liUluenced
hi brnther-m.law M. Humann tho Minister of Finanoo at Pans and Gen.
damihoii's loan was defeated
" We haVo had occasion to observe before that however tho Toxans miht
qunrrel among themselves they would always unite against tho common ene-
my the Mexicans. So it was on this occasion. All Texas stood by Mr. Bul-
ilook andhi3 pigs. Houstonites nnd Anti-Houstonites were of one accord.
(Nor will it be too muchto say that as Romo was saved by tho casklin ol
geese so Texas was saved by the squeaking of pigs. If tho loan had lfeen
obtained it would have been used in establishing a national bank by which
every dollar would havo been niado to look like ten. Tho result would have
been Urn tho debt of Texas instead of being twelve millions would have been
twenty-five thirty perhaps iorty millions fho most intelligent Texans a-rco
in opinion that this would have been tho result. All honor then to Mr. Bul-
lock and his pigs ; and this heretofore much despised animal must bo regarded
hereafter as possessed of clnssio tnterest. If his figure carved in marble
wero based havo been generally misunderstood or perverted
Tho judges decided that the warrant under which Thornton had
been arrested was defective in this that it did not comply with
the requisites of the law of the Congress of tho United States
requiring tho surrcuder of fugitives from justico by the sever-
al States. In 9th "Wendell 219 Chief-Justice Savage of the
Supremo Court of New York laid down the character of a le-
gal warrant as follows: " 1. Tho warrant must recite that the
fugitive is demanded by tho executive of tho State from which
ho fled; 2. A copy of an indictment found or an affidavit mado
before a magistrate charging tho fugitive with having commit-
ted tho crime ; 3. Such copy of indictment or affidavit must
be certified as authentic by tho executive If theso requisites
have been complied with then tho warrant of tho Governor
has properly issued and the prisoner is legally restrained ot his
liberty."
Tho warrant under which Col. Thornton had been arrested
did not comply with these requisitions. It merely stated that
he had been demanded as a fugitive from justico l' tho Gov-
ernor of Arkansas and that Capt. Dauley was authorized to
recoivo and carry him back. Eo certified copy of tho affida-
vit or copy of indictment charging tho crime accompanied it as
the law of Congress requires and therefore his arrest was ille-
gal and void and the court granted his discharge as they were
compelled to do.
glT "Wo understand that Major R. S. Neighbors has been
engaged by the " Texas Emigration and Land Corripany" to locato
and survey their lands in Peters' Colony ; and that he has instruc-
tions from the company not to interfere in any manner with any loca-
tion or survey made for a colonist or an assignee of the same. We
think the company very fortunate in securing the services of so com-
petent and worthy .a gentleman as Maj. Neighbors for this difficult
duty and we hope he will do much towards adjusting in a satisfactory
maimer the laud matters of this colony Maj. N. passed through here
the early part of this week duly equipped to enter upon the discharge
of his duties.
TJp" An intelligent citizen of Texas now sojourning in California
in sending a package to the editors of this paper makes he following
note : " Keep it always before the people that the great Pacific and
Atlantic Railroad must of necessity pass through Texas. Let Texas
pnly hold out the necessary inducements and she is bound to have the
road across her territory." This short note contains volumes for the
consideration of the people of Texas. Wu havo time and again en-
deavored to impress the same views upon our people and hope the
next Legislature will do something tangible in the premises.
Itpf We have just received a catalogue of Baylor University for
1852-53. This College has an able Faculty consisting of Rev. Bu-
fus C. Burleson A. M. President and Professor of Ancient Lan-
guages Intellectual Philosophy Bclles-Le'ters and Spanish ; Kev.
J B. Stiteler A. M. Professor of the Natural Sciences aud the Ger-
man Language ; Ilev. S. G. O'Bryan A. B Profesor of Mathema-
tics and French ; Mr. B. S. Fitzgerald Assistant Professor of An-
cient Languages and Principal in the Preparatory Department.
-The locality of the University being at Independence is both an
accessible and healthy situation. We wish the University a patron-
age commensurate with its acknowledged merit.
tooiU"'Column8'next week
j i r MW
vll?sv A man by the name of Wnlpole well known in this city was
killed .n San -Antonio a .few days 'since by a -Mr. 'Brady Brady
will"SllSp'1'1" difficulty with a man named Bennett and fired a
J7'Cr'ift'i.iic:i:it. .:.; '
pistel rt'him he ball striking Wnlpole killing him almost instantly.
MoJKLea -P""wr says the returns of tho election for Judge
nnd .District Attorney in UioJ3)Ii ditrjet are not all in but there is
iitthdpubtiJthat'.the jlon. Henry S. Jewett is elected Judge and Rob-'
artloiililfDlplrlctArctorney.' Tho sellcttoMiro'deeimTdood oue$
should be placed over the entrance orf tjjo treasyuy.of lexus it would servo as
a memento to futuro ages of his having been tlio salvation of tho Republic''
anO teach Mr. Branch Tanner Archer's "housahds and millions born and
unborn" that the humblest of nucnts mav bo instrumnntnl in nrfiiii.i n-
nrriihipinrr
aiinflAnr.net rf tlin ilfinftev ini.nt .n n nn 1) "
Our space will permit us to make but one more extract from this
book at present. Its object is 'evidently to drive Texas from the
position she has assumed in tho settlement of her public debt to make
her abandon the scaig symand a more plausibly written book
for the purpose could not havo been gotten up. It will however fail
of its qbject. On page 204 Mr. Gouge says:
" It is true indeed tlint tho United States aro bound for tho whole of thoi
ueut ior which mo revenues were pleased; but Texas must evince it hearty
concurrence with the United States in the payment of these debts and inter-
pose no further obstncles in relation to'the ruserved bonds. Injustice to her-
self Texas must go nirthor. .jgho must repeat all her scaling acts and pay tho
rosiduo of her creditors iu full according to contract."
Notwithstanding we do not agree with the author in much he hafe
written about our State wo concede to him candor and ability. He
has compiled a vast fund of information on an important subject
which makes tho book well worth the rhcq asked for it! Copies can
bo b'litaihed'of Mr Diiflaiu -'."" '
(g!P We regret to learn that a son of tho Hon. B. F. Tan-
kersly of Houston aged six years was kicked by a horso on
the 22d ult. and died on tho next day. Two days previously
a son of Mr. Hancy in the same town was killed by the acci-
dental discharge of a gun in tho hands of another boy.
Gp" The Brownsville Flag has hoisted at tho head of 'its columns
the name of our late able representative in Congress Hon. Volney E.
Howard for re-election. In doing so the editor says :
"We this week place at the head of our colninns the name of Volnoy E. How-
ard ah our choice of all our aspirants fnr the Mint in the lower house of XJoii-
gress from the Western District of the Lone Star Slate. We do this alter ma-
ture deliberation and without any reservation wlwever. We are convinced
that tho energetic faithful and valuable services rendered b Mr. Howard to his
constituents have won for him a confidence which will award to him his pres-
ent seal sn long as the came may prove ngreeablo to himself. We hail with
Pleasure the tidings that there will be no Stnte Convcniio -. as we confidently be-
lieve that a failure to have nominated M. . Howard would have caused a sen jus
division of the pany and though we do not believe ii would have succeeded we
are convinced that exertions would have been made to defeat his nomination.
As it is now however all haul feeling is avoided and Mr. II. enters the lists as
the favorite and fleetest compeer in the race."
We agree most cordially with our cotoniporary in all its commen-
datious of Mr. Howard and assure him that his feais of a nomination
by the proposed Convention were pntirely unnecessary Mr. Howard
would have been nominated by an almost unanimous vote. His course
in the last Congress has been snch as to give entire satisfaction to his
constituents and this consideration with his brilliant talents and the
high reputation helms maintained at Washington as a working mem-
ber who never talks merely to Buncomize but whose jedgment and
course can at all times he relied upon make him invincible with the
people of this district. In Mr. II. our people not only know that
they havo a representative who commands respect nnd attention at
Washington but one in whom they can place the most implicit reliance.
(Er" Tho corner-stone of the new Episcopal Church in course of
erection in this city was laid with duo ceremony on Thursday last
by the mpmbers of Austin Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons.
The ceremonies were performed by E. S. C. Robertson W. M. of the
Lodge and a clms'te and eloquent' addresswns delivered by Thomas
. Anderson Esq

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Crawford, G. W. & Hampton, J. W. Texas State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 34, Ed. 1, Saturday, April 9, 1853, newspaper, April 9, 1853; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth81078/m1/2/ocr/: accessed June 21, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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